The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday March 13, 2023 (NIV)

Numbers 19-20

The Water of Cleansing

19 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron: “This is a requirement of the law that the Lord has commanded: Tell the Israelites to bring you a red heifer(A) without defect or blemish(B) and that has never been under a yoke.(C) Give it to Eleazar(D) the priest; it is to be taken outside the camp(E) and slaughtered in his presence. Then Eleazar the priest is to take some of its blood on his finger and sprinkle(F) it seven times toward the front of the tent of meeting. While he watches, the heifer is to be burned—its hide, flesh, blood and intestines.(G) The priest is to take some cedar wood, hyssop(H) and scarlet wool(I) and throw them onto the burning heifer. After that, the priest must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water.(J) He may then come into the camp, but he will be ceremonially unclean till evening. The man who burns it must also wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he too will be unclean till evening.

“A man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer(K) and put them in a ceremonially clean place(L) outside the camp. They are to be kept by the Israelite community for use in the water of cleansing;(M) it is for purification from sin.(N) 10 The man who gathers up(O) the ashes of the heifer must also wash his clothes, and he too will be unclean till evening.(P) This will be a lasting ordinance(Q) both for the Israelites and for the foreigners residing among them.(R)

11 “Whoever touches a human corpse(S) will be unclean for seven days.(T) 12 They must purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day;(U) then they will be clean. But if they do not purify themselves on the third and seventh days, they will not be clean.(V) 13 If they fail to purify themselves after touching a human corpse,(W) they defile the Lord’s tabernacle.(X) They must be cut off from Israel.(Y) Because the water of cleansing has not been sprinkled on them, they are unclean;(Z) their uncleanness remains on them.

14 “This is the law that applies when a person dies in a tent: Anyone who enters the tent and anyone who is in it will be unclean for seven days, 15 and every open container(AA) without a lid fastened on it will be unclean.

16 “Anyone out in the open who touches someone who has been killed with a sword or someone who has died a natural death,(AB) or anyone who touches a human bone(AC) or a grave,(AD) will be unclean for seven days.(AE)

17 “For the unclean person, put some ashes(AF) from the burned purification offering into a jar and pour fresh water(AG) over them. 18 Then a man who is ceremonially clean is to take some hyssop,(AH) dip it in the water and sprinkle(AI) the tent and all the furnishings and the people who were there. He must also sprinkle anyone who has touched a human bone or a grave(AJ) or anyone who has been killed or anyone who has died a natural death. 19 The man who is clean is to sprinkle(AK) those who are unclean on the third and seventh days, and on the seventh day he is to purify them.(AL) Those who are being cleansed must wash their clothes(AM) and bathe with water, and that evening they will be clean. 20 But if those who are unclean do not purify themselves, they must be cut off from the community, because they have defiled(AN) the sanctuary of the Lord.(AO) The water of cleansing has not been sprinkled on them, and they are unclean.(AP) 21 This is a lasting ordinance(AQ) for them.

“The man who sprinkles the water of cleansing must also wash his clothes, and anyone who touches the water of cleansing will be unclean till evening. 22 Anything that an unclean(AR) person touches becomes unclean, and anyone who touches it becomes unclean till evening.”

Water From the Rock

20 In the first month the whole Israelite community arrived at the Desert of Zin,(AS) and they stayed at Kadesh.(AT) There Miriam(AU) died and was buried.

Now there was no water(AV) for the community,(AW) and the people gathered in opposition(AX) to Moses and Aaron. They quarreled(AY) with Moses and said, “If only we had died when our brothers fell dead(AZ) before the Lord!(BA) Why did you bring the Lord’s community into this wilderness,(BB) that we and our livestock should die here?(BC) Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to this terrible place? It has no grain or figs, grapevines or pomegranates.(BD) And there is no water to drink!(BE)

Moses and Aaron went from the assembly to the entrance to the tent of meeting(BF) and fell facedown,(BG) and the glory of the Lord(BH) appeared to them. The Lord said to Moses, “Take the staff,(BI) and you and your brother Aaron gather the assembly together. Speak to that rock before their eyes and it will pour out its water.(BJ) You will bring water out of the rock for the community so they and their livestock can drink.”

So Moses took the staff(BK) from the Lord’s presence,(BL) just as he commanded him. 10 He and Aaron gathered the assembly together(BM) in front of the rock and Moses said to them, “Listen, you rebels, must we bring you water out of this rock?”(BN) 11 Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock twice with his staff. Water(BO) gushed out, and the community and their livestock drank.

12 But the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not trust in me enough to honor me as holy(BP) in the sight of the Israelites, you will not bring this community into the land I give them.”(BQ)

13 These were the waters of Meribah,[a](BR) where the Israelites quarreled(BS) with the Lord and where he was proved holy among them.(BT)

Edom Denies Israel Passage

14 Moses sent messengers from Kadesh(BU) to the king of Edom,(BV) saying:

“This is what your brother Israel says: You know(BW) about all the hardships(BX) that have come on us. 15 Our ancestors went down into Egypt,(BY) and we lived there many years.(BZ) The Egyptians mistreated(CA) us and our ancestors, 16 but when we cried out to the Lord, he heard our cry(CB) and sent an angel(CC) and brought us out of Egypt.(CD)

“Now we are here at Kadesh, a town on the edge of your territory.(CE) 17 Please let us pass through your country. We will not go through any field or vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will travel along the King’s Highway and not turn to the right or to the left until we have passed through your territory.(CF)

18 But Edom(CG) answered:

“You may not pass through here; if you try, we will march out and attack you with the sword.(CH)

19 The Israelites replied:

“We will go along the main road, and if we or our livestock(CI) drink any of your water, we will pay for it.(CJ) We only want to pass through on foot—nothing else.”

20 Again they answered:

“You may not pass through.(CK)

Then Edom(CL) came out against them with a large and powerful army. 21 Since Edom refused to let them go through their territory,(CM) Israel turned away from them.(CN)

The Death of Aaron

22 The whole Israelite community set out from Kadesh(CO) and came to Mount Hor.(CP) 23 At Mount Hor, near the border of Edom,(CQ) the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 24 “Aaron will be gathered to his people.(CR) He will not enter the land I give the Israelites, because both of you rebelled against my command(CS) at the waters of Meribah.(CT) 25 Get Aaron and his son Eleazar and take them up Mount Hor.(CU) 26 Remove Aaron’s garments(CV) and put them on his son Eleazar, for Aaron will be gathered to his people;(CW) he will die there.”

27 Moses did as the Lord commanded: They went up Mount Hor(CX) in the sight of the whole community. 28 Moses removed Aaron’s garments and put them on his son Eleazar.(CY) And Aaron died there(CZ) on top of the mountain. Then Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain, 29 and when the whole community learned that Aaron had died,(DA) all the Israelites mourned for him(DB) thirty days.


  1. Numbers 20:13 Meribah means quarreling.

Cross references:

  1. Numbers 19:2 : S Ge 15:9; Heb 9:13
  2. Numbers 19:2 : S Lev 22:19-25
  3. Numbers 19:2 : Dt 21:3; 1Sa 6:7
  4. Numbers 19:3 : Nu 3:4
  5. Numbers 19:3 : S Ex 29:14
  6. Numbers 19:4 : S Lev 4:17
  7. Numbers 19:5 : S Ex 29:14
  8. Numbers 19:6 : ver 18; Ps 51:7
  9. Numbers 19:6 : S Lev 14:4
  10. Numbers 19:7 : S Lev 11:25; S 14:8
  11. Numbers 19:9 : Heb 9:13
  12. Numbers 19:9 : S Ex 29:31; S Lev 4:12
  13. Numbers 19:9 : ver 13; Nu 8:7
  14. Numbers 19:9 : S Ge 35:2
  15. Numbers 19:10 : Lev 15:10
  16. Numbers 19:10 : Lev 14:46
  17. Numbers 19:10 : Lev 3:17
  18. Numbers 19:10 : S Lev 22:18
  19. Numbers 19:11 : S Lev 21:1
  20. Numbers 19:11 : S Lev 8:33; Nu 31:19
  21. Numbers 19:12 : ver 19; Nu 31:19
  22. Numbers 19:12 : ver 20; 2Ch 26:21
  23. Numbers 19:13 : S Lev 21:11
  24. Numbers 19:13 : S Lev 15:31; 2Ch 36:14; Ps 79:1
  25. Numbers 19:13 : Lev 7:20; 22:3
  26. Numbers 19:13 : ver 22; Hag 2:13
  27. Numbers 19:15 : S Lev 6:28
  28. Numbers 19:16 : Nu 31:19
  29. Numbers 19:16 : 1Ki 13:2; 2Ki 23:14; Eze 6:5
  30. Numbers 19:16 : 2Ki 23:6; Mt 23:27
  31. Numbers 19:16 : S Lev 5:3
  32. Numbers 19:17 : ver 9
  33. Numbers 19:17 : S Nu 8:7
  34. Numbers 19:18 : S ver 6; S Ex 12:22
  35. Numbers 19:18 : S Lev 4:17
  36. Numbers 19:18 : ver 16
  37. Numbers 19:19 : S Lev 16:14-15
  38. Numbers 19:19 : Nu 31:19; Eze 36:25; Heb 10:22
  39. Numbers 19:19 : S Ge 35:2
  40. Numbers 19:20 : Ps 74:7
  41. Numbers 19:20 : S Lev 15:31
  42. Numbers 19:20 : S ver 12; S Lev 14:8
  43. Numbers 19:21 : S Ex 27:21
  44. Numbers 19:22 : S Lev 5:2; 15:4-12
  45. Numbers 20:1 : Nu 13:21
  46. Numbers 20:1 : ver 14; Nu 13:26; 33:36; Dt 1:46; Jdg 11:17; Ps 29:8
  47. Numbers 20:1 : S Ex 15:20
  48. Numbers 20:2 : S Ex 15:22
  49. Numbers 20:2 : Ex 17:1
  50. Numbers 20:2 : S Nu 16:19
  51. Numbers 20:3 : ver 13; S Ge 13:7; Ex 17:2; 21:18
  52. Numbers 20:3 : S Ex 5:21
  53. Numbers 20:3 : S Nu 14:2; 16:31-35
  54. Numbers 20:4 : S Nu 14:2
  55. Numbers 20:4 : S Ex 14:11; Nu 14:3; 16:13
  56. Numbers 20:5 : Nu 13:23; 16:14
  57. Numbers 20:5 : S Ex 17:1
  58. Numbers 20:6 : S Ex 40:2
  59. Numbers 20:6 : Nu 14:5
  60. Numbers 20:6 : S Nu 16:19
  61. Numbers 20:8 : S Ex 4:2; S 10:12-13
  62. Numbers 20:8 : Ex 17:6; Isa 41:18; 43:20; Jer 31:9
  63. Numbers 20:9 : Nu 17:2
  64. Numbers 20:9 : Nu 17:10
  65. Numbers 20:10 : ver 8
  66. Numbers 20:10 : Ps 106:32, 33
  67. Numbers 20:11 : S Ex 17:6; S Isa 33:21
  68. Numbers 20:12 : Nu 27:14; Dt 32:51; Isa 5:16; 8:13
  69. Numbers 20:12 : ver 24; Dt 1:37; 3:27
  70. Numbers 20:13 : S Ex 17:7
  71. Numbers 20:13 : S ver 3
  72. Numbers 20:13 : S Lev 10:3
  73. Numbers 20:14 : S ver 1
  74. Numbers 20:14 : S ver 16; S Ge 25:30; S 36:16
  75. Numbers 20:14 : Ge 24:3; Dt 4:39; Jos 2:11; 9:9
  76. Numbers 20:14 : S Ex 18:8
  77. Numbers 20:15 : S Ge 46:6
  78. Numbers 20:15 : S Ge 15:13
  79. Numbers 20:15 : S Ex 1:14
  80. Numbers 20:16 : S Ge 16:11; S 21:17; S Ex 2:23
  81. Numbers 20:16 : Ex 14:19
  82. Numbers 20:16 : Ex 12:42; Dt 26:8
  83. Numbers 20:16 : ver 14, 23; Nu 33:37
  84. Numbers 20:17 : ver 20; Nu 21:22; Dt 2:27; Jdg 11:17
  85. Numbers 20:18 : ver 14
  86. Numbers 20:18 : Nu 21:23
  87. Numbers 20:19 : Ex 12:38
  88. Numbers 20:19 : Dt 2:6, 28
  89. Numbers 20:20 : S ver 17, 18
  90. Numbers 20:20 : ver 14
  91. Numbers 20:21 : Nu 21:23
  92. Numbers 20:21 : Nu 21:4; Dt 2:8; Jdg 11:18
  93. Numbers 20:22 : Dt 1:46
  94. Numbers 20:22 : Nu 33:37; 34:7; Dt 32:50
  95. Numbers 20:23 : S ver 16
  96. Numbers 20:24 : S Ge 25:8
  97. Numbers 20:24 : S ver 10
  98. Numbers 20:24 : S Ex 17:7
  99. Numbers 20:25 : Nu 33:38
  100. Numbers 20:26 : Ex 28:1-4; 40:13; S Lev 16:4
  101. Numbers 20:26 : ver 24; Nu 27:13; 31:2
  102. Numbers 20:27 : Nu 33:38
  103. Numbers 20:28 : S Ex 29:29
  104. Numbers 20:28 : ver 26; Nu 33:38; Dt 10:6; 32:50
  105. Numbers 20:29 : Dt 32:50
  106. Numbers 20:29 : S Ge 27:41; S Lev 10:6; S Dt 34:8
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Luke 1:1-25


Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled[a] among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first(B) were eyewitnesses(C) and servants of the word.(D) With this in mind, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I too decided to write an orderly account(E) for you, most excellent(F) Theophilus,(G) so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.(H)

The Birth of John the Baptist Foretold

In the time of Herod king of Judea(I) there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah;(J) his wife Elizabeth was also a descendant of Aaron. Both of them were righteous in the sight of God, observing all the Lord’s commands and decrees blamelessly.(K) But they were childless because Elizabeth was not able to conceive, and they were both very old.

Once when Zechariah’s division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God,(L) he was chosen by lot,(M) according to the custom of the priesthood, to go into the temple of the Lord and burn incense.(N) 10 And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside.(O)

11 Then an angel(P) of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense.(Q) 12 When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear.(R) 13 But the angel said to him: “Do not be afraid,(S) Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to call him John.(T) 14 He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth,(U) 15 for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink,(V) and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit(W) even before he is born.(X) 16 He will bring back many of the people of Israel to the Lord their God. 17 And he will go on before the Lord,(Y) in the spirit and power of Elijah,(Z) to turn the hearts of the parents to their children(AA) and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous—to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”(AB)

18 Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this?(AC) I am an old man and my wife is well along in years.”(AD)

19 The angel said to him, “I am Gabriel.(AE) I stand in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news. 20 And now you will be silent and not able to speak(AF) until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their appointed time.”

21 Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he stayed so long in the temple. 22 When he came out, he could not speak to them. They realized he had seen a vision in the temple, for he kept making signs(AG) to them but remained unable to speak.

23 When his time of service was completed, he returned home. 24 After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in seclusion. 25 “The Lord has done this for me,” she said. “In these days he has shown his favor and taken away my disgrace(AH) among the people.”


  1. Luke 1:1 Or been surely believed
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Psalm 56

Psalm 56[a]

For the director of music. To the tune of “A Dove on Distant Oaks.” Of David. A miktam.[b] When the Philistines had seized him in Gath.

Be merciful to me,(A) my God,
for my enemies are in hot pursuit;(B)
all day long they press their attack.(C)
My adversaries pursue me all day long;(D)
in their pride many are attacking me.(E)

When I am afraid,(F) I put my trust in you.(G)
In God, whose word I praise—(H)
in God I trust and am not afraid.(I)
What can mere mortals do to me?(J)

All day long they twist my words;(K)
all their schemes are for my ruin.
They conspire,(L) they lurk,
they watch my steps,(M)
hoping to take my life.(N)
Because of their wickedness do not[c] let them escape;(O)
in your anger, God, bring the nations down.(P)

Record my misery;
list my tears on your scroll[d](Q)
are they not in your record?(R)
Then my enemies will turn back(S)
when I call for help.(T)
By this I will know that God is for me.(U)

10 In God, whose word I praise,
in the Lord, whose word I praise—
11 in God I trust and am not afraid.
What can man do to me?

12 I am under vows(V) to you, my God;
I will present my thank offerings to you.
13 For you have delivered me from death(W)
and my feet from stumbling,
that I may walk before God
in the light of life.(X)


  1. Psalm 56:1 In Hebrew texts 56:1-13 is numbered 56:2-14.
  2. Psalm 56:1 Title: Probably a literary or musical term
  3. Psalm 56:7 Probable reading of the original Hebrew text; Masoretic Text does not have do not.
  4. Psalm 56:8 Or misery; / put my tears in your wineskin
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Proverbs 11:8

The righteous person is rescued from trouble,
and it falls on the wicked instead.(A)

Cross references:

  1. Proverbs 11:8 : Pr 21:18
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.