5/31/2022 DAB Transcript

2 Samuel 17:1-29, John 19:23-42, Psalm 119:129-152, Proverbs 16:12-13

Today is the 31st day of May, welcome to the Daily Audio Bible. I am Brian. Can you believe it, we have made it to the end of five consecutive months and as we complete today’s reading, we can celebrate that, the conclusion of five consecutive months together, day-by-day, step-by-step and what a journey it has been. And as we reach this conclusion of five months, we are still working our way through the Book of second Samuel and well into the reign of King David’s life. Of course, David’s reign has problems at this point and it’s very unclear what’s going to happen to David. His son Absalom has initiated a que and is in the process of taking over and there is obviously tremendous unrest in the land. So, we are reading from the New Living Translation this week and picking up where we left off yesterday, second Samuel chapter 17.


Okay so, in the book of second Samuel, it’s pretty clear that Israel is upside down right now, like there’s a takeover happening, and the people are confused and alliances are confusing and conspiracy is everywhere, as Absalom attempts to secure his alliances and firmly grasp control of the kingdom of Israel, while David is on the run. And David is sort of like target number one, even in the advice that is given to him. It’s like this is the only like, if you can kill the king, everyone will come to your alliance, everyone will be loyal to you, you will be the king, there won’t be divided loyalties, King David will be dead. I mean the enmity between father and son, for this conversation to even be happening, is crazy. Absalom wants his father dead. Although, David doesn’t seem to feel the same way about Absalom. We are clearly in a period of unrest and we will have to watch it unfold before us as the days go by, we read step-by-step through this story.

Then in the Gospel of John, and we are just a couple of days away from concluding the Gospel of John, we are once again at the cross and this is the last time, at least in the narrative of the Gospels, we get to stand here and consider this sacrifice, this injustice, this awful scene that sets us free. And in John’s Gospel we have the telling of Jesus mother Mary, being there at the foot of the cross with a couple of other female followers of Jesus. And while Jesus is still alive, dying while hanging being crucified, He protects his mother. He looks at the disciple that He loves, people associate this with John and essentially says this is your mom now and you take care of her and he says to his mom, this is your son. And so, it’s clear that Jesus is protecting and caring for His mother before He dies. And then we witness Jesus saying - it is finished. And then He dies. On some levels, it’s like gratefully, this is the last time this year we passed this way. But in another, it’s like, this is something that reminds us of how we got here. This has shaped our very lives and so it’s something to be considered every day, but let’s at least take the time, as we close this fifth month of the year and prepare to move into the sixth month of the year, let’s meditate one more time on Jesus life and beauty of who He was, and the good news that He brought forth into the world and the healing touch, and all of that led to this cross and our ultimate redemption. Let’s meditate upon this today, as we close this fifth month and move forward together.


So, Jesus, we are grateful whatever word we would choose to describe humble gratitude, the words in any language wouldn’t be adequate, it is our lives, lived after the fashion that You modeled for us this is our daily sacrifice. This is our true gratitude, when we follow in Your footsteps, part of that is speaking
it out loud, we are grateful, we are beyond grateful, we are humbled beyond what our vocabularies can say, thank You for rescuing us and modeling life for us. Help us Holy Spirit to live this life that You have given us, a life of freedom. We pray this in the name of Jesus. Amen.


dailyaudiobible.com is home base and its where you find out what’s going on around here and there is something going on around here later this week. This Friday 6 PM central standard time, Jill and I are going to get on Facebook Live for a few minutes and just hang out with everybody. We’re not gonna stay on too long but we’re gonna come on and say hi, and I mean the attention span of the Internet is like 30 seconds I guess, so we’ll be there longer than that. But we will look forward to seeing you and so, Facebook.com/dailyaudiobible is the Daily Audio Bible channel. So, follow that, check that out and we will see you on Friday and looking forward to that. Also, we want to remind you of the Daily Audio Bible Shop that can be accessed from the Daily Audio Bible app or from the Daily Audio Bible website, there are resources there that are restocked and ready for the journey. The continuation of the journey that we are on, as we continue to navigate day by day, step-by-step, week-by-week, month-by-month, through the entire year. A year of our lives together, a year of our lives immersing ourselves in the Scriptures every day. So, check out the resources that are available in the Shop.

And if you want to partner with the Daily Audio Bible. Thank you, humbly, this mission, to keep doing what we’re doing, reading the word of God fresh, every day and offering it freely to anyone who will listen, anywhere on this planet, any time of day or night and recognize that we’re showing up every day around the Global Campfire and so we’re a community here, we care for one another, we pray for one another, love one another. If that is life-giving to you then thank you for your partnership. There is a link on the homepage at dailyaudiobible.com. If you’re using the app, you can press the Give button in the upper right-hand corner or the mailing address is P.O. Box 1996 Springhill, Tennessee 37174.

And as always, if you have a prayer request or encouragement, you can hit the Hotline button in the app, that’s the little red button up at the top or you can dial 877-942-4253.

And that’s it for today. I’m Brian, I love you and I’ll be waiting for you here, tomorrow.

Prayer and Encouragements:

Will be posted later this evening.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday May 31, 2022 (NIV)

2 Samuel 17

17 Now Ahithophel urged Absalom, “Let me choose 12,000 men to start out after David tonight. I will catch up with him while he is weary and discouraged. He and his troops will panic, and everyone will run away. Then I will kill only the king, and I will bring all the people back to you as a bride returns to her husband. After all, it is only one man’s life that you seek.[a] Then you will be at peace with all the people.” This plan seemed good to Absalom and to all the elders of Israel.

Hushai Counters Ahithophel’s Advice

But then Absalom said, “Bring in Hushai the Arkite. Let’s see what he thinks about this.” When Hushai arrived, Absalom told him what Ahithophel had said. Then he asked, “What is your opinion? Should we follow Ahithophel’s advice? If not, what do you suggest?”

“Well,” Hushai replied to Absalom, “this time Ahithophel has made a mistake. You know your father and his men; they are mighty warriors. Right now they are as enraged as a mother bear who has been robbed of her cubs. And remember that your father is an experienced man of war. He won’t be spending the night among the troops. He has probably already hidden in some pit or cave. And when he comes out and attacks and a few of your men fall, there will be panic among your troops, and the word will spread that Absalom’s men are being slaughtered. 10 Then even the bravest soldiers, though they have the heart of a lion, will be paralyzed with fear. For all Israel knows what a mighty warrior your father is and how courageous his men are.

11 “I recommend that you mobilize the entire army of Israel, bringing them from as far away as Dan in the north and Beersheba in the south. That way you will have an army as numerous as the sand on the seashore. And I advise that you personally lead the troops. 12 When we find David, we’ll fall on him like dew that falls on the ground. Then neither he nor any of his men will be left alive. 13 And if David were to escape into some town, you will have all Israel there at your command. Then we can take ropes and drag the walls of the town into the nearest valley until every stone is torn down.”

14 Then Absalom and all the men of Israel said, “Hushai’s advice is better than Ahithophel’s.” For the Lord had determined to defeat the counsel of Ahithophel, which really was the better plan, so that he could bring disaster on Absalom!

Hushai Warns David to Escape

15 Hushai told Zadok and Abiathar, the priests, what Ahithophel had said to Absalom and the elders of Israel and what he himself had advised instead. 16 “Quick!” he told them. “Find David and urge him not to stay at the shallows of the Jordan River[b] tonight. He must go across at once into the wilderness beyond. Otherwise he will die and his entire army with him.”

17 Jonathan and Ahimaaz had been staying at En-rogel so as not to be seen entering and leaving the city. Arrangements had been made for a servant girl to bring them the message they were to take to King David. 18 But a boy spotted them at En-rogel, and he told Absalom about it. So they quickly escaped to Bahurim, where a man hid them down inside a well in his courtyard. 19 The man’s wife put a cloth over the top of the well and scattered grain on it to dry in the sun; so no one suspected they were there.

20 When Absalom’s men arrived, they asked her, “Have you seen Ahimaaz and Jonathan?”

The woman replied, “They were here, but they crossed over the brook.” Absalom’s men looked for them without success and returned to Jerusalem.

21 Then the two men crawled out of the well and hurried on to King David. “Quick!” they told him, “cross the Jordan tonight!” And they told him how Ahithophel had advised that he be captured and killed. 22 So David and all the people with him went across the Jordan River during the night, and they were all on the other bank before dawn.

23 When Ahithophel realized that his advice had not been followed, he saddled his donkey, went to his hometown, set his affairs in order, and hanged himself. He died there and was buried in the family tomb.

24 David soon arrived at Mahanaim. By now, Absalom had mobilized the entire army of Israel and was leading his troops across the Jordan River. 25 Absalom had appointed Amasa as commander of his army, replacing Joab, who had been commander under David. (Amasa was Joab’s cousin. His father was Jether,[c] an Ishmaelite.[d] His mother, Abigail daughter of Nahash, was the sister of Joab’s mother, Zeruiah.) 26 Absalom and the Israelite army set up camp in the land of Gilead.

27 When David arrived at Mahanaim, he was warmly greeted by Shobi son of Nahash, who came from Rabbah of the Ammonites, and by Makir son of Ammiel from Lo-debar, and by Barzillai of Gilead from Rogelim. 28 They brought sleeping mats, cooking pots, serving bowls, wheat and barley, flour and roasted grain, beans, lentils, 29 honey, butter, sheep, goats, and cheese for David and those who were with him. For they said, “You must all be very hungry and tired and thirsty after your long march through the wilderness.”


  1. 17:3 As in Greek version; Hebrew reads like the return of all is the man whom you seek.
  2. 17:16 Hebrew at the crossing points of the wilderness.
  3. 17:25a Hebrew Ithra, a variant spelling of Jether.
  4. 17:25b As in some Greek manuscripts (see also 1 Chr 2:17); Hebrew reads an Israelite.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

John 19:23-42

23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they divided his clothes among the four of them. They also took his robe, but it was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. 24 So they said, “Rather than tearing it apart, let’s throw dice[a] for it.” This fulfilled the Scripture that says, “They divided my garments among themselves and threw dice for my clothing.”[b] So that is what they did.

25 Standing near the cross were Jesus’ mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary (the wife of Clopas), and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother standing there beside the disciple he loved, he said to her, “Dear woman, here is your son.” 27 And he said to this disciple, “Here is your mother.” And from then on this disciple took her into his home.

The Death of Jesus

28 Jesus knew that his mission was now finished, and to fulfill Scripture he said, “I am thirsty.”[c] 29 A jar of sour wine was sitting there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put it on a hyssop branch, and held it up to his lips. 30 When Jesus had tasted it, he said, “It is finished!” Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

31 It was the day of preparation, and the Jewish leaders didn’t want the bodies hanging there the next day, which was the Sabbath (and a very special Sabbath, because it was Passover week). So they asked Pilate to hasten their deaths by ordering that their legs be broken. Then their bodies could be taken down. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men crucified with Jesus. 33 But when they came to Jesus, they saw that he was already dead, so they didn’t break his legs. 34 One of the soldiers, however, pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed out. 35 (This report is from an eyewitness giving an accurate account. He speaks the truth so that you also may continue to believe.[d]) 36 These things happened in fulfillment of the Scriptures that say, “Not one of his bones will be broken,”[e] 37 and “They will look on the one they pierced.”[f]

The Burial of Jesus

38 Afterward Joseph of Arimathea, who had been a secret disciple of Jesus (because he feared the Jewish leaders), asked Pilate for permission to take down Jesus’ body. When Pilate gave permission, Joseph came and took the body away. 39 With him came Nicodemus, the man who had come to Jesus at night. He brought about seventy-five pounds[g] of perfumed ointment made from myrrh and aloes. 40 Following Jewish burial custom, they wrapped Jesus’ body with the spices in long sheets of linen cloth. 41 The place of crucifixion was near a garden, where there was a new tomb, never used before. 42 And so, because it was the day of preparation for the Jewish Passover[h] and since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.


  1. 19:24a Greek cast lots.
  2. 19:24b Ps 22:18.
  3. 19:28 See Pss 22:15; 69:21.
  4. 19:35 Some manuscripts read that you also may believe.
  5. 19:36 Exod 12:46; Num 9:12; Ps 34:20.
  6. 19:37 Zech 12:10.
  7. 19:39 Greek 100 litras [32.7 kilograms].
  8. 19:42 Greek because of the Jewish day of preparation.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Psalm 119:129-152


129 Your laws are wonderful.
No wonder I obey them!
130 The teaching of your word gives light,
so even the simple can understand.
131 I pant with expectation,
longing for your commands.
132 Come and show me your mercy,
as you do for all who love your name.
133 Guide my steps by your word,
so I will not be overcome by evil.
134 Ransom me from the oppression of evil people;
then I can obey your commandments.
135 Look upon me with love;
teach me your decrees.
136 Rivers of tears gush from my eyes
because people disobey your instructions.


137 O Lord, you are righteous,
and your regulations are fair.
138 Your laws are perfect
and completely trustworthy.
139 I am overwhelmed with indignation,
for my enemies have disregarded your words.
140 Your promises have been thoroughly tested;
that is why I love them so much.
141 I am insignificant and despised,
but I don’t forget your commandments.
142 Your justice is eternal,
and your instructions are perfectly true.
143 As pressure and stress bear down on me,
I find joy in your commands.
144 Your laws are always right;
help me to understand them so I may live.


145 I pray with all my heart; answer me, Lord!
I will obey your decrees.
146 I cry out to you; rescue me,
that I may obey your laws.
147 I rise early, before the sun is up;
I cry out for help and put my hope in your words.
148 I stay awake through the night,
thinking about your promise.
149 In your faithful love, O Lord, hear my cry;
let me be revived by following your regulations.
150 Lawless people are coming to attack me;
they live far from your instructions.
151 But you are near, O Lord,
and all your commands are true.
152 I have known from my earliest days
that your laws will last forever.

New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Proverbs 16:12-13

12 A king detests wrongdoing,
for his rule is built on justice.

13 The king is pleased with words from righteous lips;
he loves those who speak honestly.

New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

05/30/2022 DAB Transcript

2 Samuel 15:23-16:23, John 18:25-19:22, Psalms 119:113-128, Proverbs 16:10-11

Today is the 30th day of May welcome to the Daily Audio Bible I am Brian it’s great to be here with you today as we gather around the Global Campfire and take the next step forward together. That next step is waiting for us in the book of second Samuel. We’re reading from the New Living translation this week. Second Samuel chapter 15 verse 23 through 16 verse 23. And just by way of reminder, Absalom has come back from Geshur to the city of Jerusalem, and he has slowly, methodically gained the loyalty and the hearts of the people. He has gone to Hebron where he is staging a coup against his father to take over the kingdom. Word has gotten to King David who is now fleeing Jerusalem and that’s where we pick up the story.


Okay. So, in the book of second Samuel we see very very clearly that things have shifted for King David and this all started when King David took Bathsheba the wife of Uriah the Hittite to his own bed and she became pregnant and he was killed in battle on purpose and then he became…and she became King David’s wife. A really big shift inside David’s family happened and it has lead us all the way to what we read today with Absalom, David’s son, one of the princes of Israel taking over, marching into Jerusalem taking over and King David and his entourage fleeing the city of Jerusalem to escape. One of the things that we should notice is David’s posture because even as he is fleeing he is acknowledging his utter dependence on God even…even at those who are cursing him. He is in his own mind and even as he says it out as his mouth if…if the Lord wants them to curse me then we won’t stop them. I’m in the hands of the Lord, the Lord will do with me what he seems is right. This is a familiar posture with David. This is how we saw him behave when he was on the run from King Saul. Now he’s on the run from his son Absalom. So much of what is happening now are repercussions that begin with Bathsheba and just undermine and tear apart the fabric of the family of the king. And we will of course continue that journey and that story tomorrow.

And then as we come into the book of John today, we are experiencing yet again the passion narrative, the story of Jesus arrest and trial and crucifixion and death. And each time we’ve passed through this territory in each of the Gospels we’ve paid attention to this because we should. This is a salvation story. This is also a story of unbelievable injustice and the story of a Savior willingly laying down His life on behalf of others. It’s important to pay attention to the story because this story shapes everything in the life of a believer, a disciple, a follower of Jesus. And we only have just a small handful of days left before we will conclude the gospel of John. And when we conclude the gospel of John, we will have concluded the Gospels and the narrative stories of Jesus life and teachings and ministry. And, so, this is the last time we’re going to be moving through this territory this year. And, so, it is particularly important for us to totally immerse ourselves to the best of our ability to truly focus on the sacrifice and the profound love that is beyond description on our behalf. We are the beneficiaries. We are the recipients of the rescue and the reunification of mankind and God without this chasm separating them so that we can now go boldly into the throne of grace. Because when we go boldly into the throne of…throne of grace, we are going to visit with our Father. The sacrifice of Jesus paved the way. So, we may have heard it 10,000 times, and we may have heard it to the point that it’s just another story because we’ve heard it so much but we slow down, consider then the utmost of humility should wash over us, the awareness that we were in a predicament there was no hope to get out of until Jesus. But with Jesus all things have become possible. This is a story we should think about most every day with a grateful heart. And, so, let’s embrace it as we move through the gospel of John, the final of the four Gospels before we move forward into what happened next.


Jesus, we love You. We hear the echoes of what You told Your disciples, that we would be known by our love for one another and You said that and then demonstrated a love that is so profound it is nearly impossible to understand. And, so, it is that love that is rescued us, it is that love that has pursued us, it is that love that dwells within us as we believe and walk in Your footsteps and follow Your path so that that love may spill out of us into the world. May this be true for each and every one of us we pray. In Your precious name, we ask. Amen.


dailyaudiobible.com, that is home base, that’s where you find out what’s going on around here. And, so, check that out. If you’re using the app you can do that as well. You can find out what’s going on around here by pressing the little Drawer icon in the upper left-hand corner of the app screen and opens a drawer and you can navigate from there.

And, so, check out things like the Community section. This is where different links to connect and follow along with the Daily Audio Bible on social media can be found. It is also the home of the Prayer Wall. And that’s the only place to find the Prayer Wall for the Daily Audio Bible is in the Community section. And that is a resource that allows anyone no matter where you are, no matter what’s going on you can tell your story and your brothers and sisters can read that and pray for you and let you know they’re praying for you, or you can go and just pray. Maybe things are going fine in your world right now and you want to reach out and bless those who are struggling and needing to endure right now, bless them with confidence and encouragement. You can do that at the Prayer Wall as well. And, so, check that out. That is in the Community section, both on the web and in the app and that is one of the beautiful distinctives of who we are as a community. We pray for each other. Like, we hold each other up without all this pretense and prejudging and all this advice. Like we just come together and accept each other where we are in the journey knowing that the best thing we could possibly do for each other’s talk to God on each other’s behalf. It’s a beautiful thing. And, so, check that out in the Community section.

If you want to partner with the Daily Audio Bible, if this mission to bring the spoken word of God read fresh every day and given freely to anybody who will listen anywhere on this planet any time of day or night, and to build community around that rhythm so that we’re not on a solitary endeavor. We are in this together. If that is life-giving to you than thank you for your partnership. There is a link on the homepage at dailyaudiobible.com. If you’re using the app, you can press the Give button in the upper right-hand corner, or the mailing address is PO Box 1996 Spring Hill Tennessee 37174.

And, as always, if you have a prayer request or encouragement, you can hit the Hotline button in the app. That’s the little red button at the top or you can dial 877-942-4253.

And that’s it for today. I’m Brian I love you and I’ll be waiting for you here tomorrow.

Community Prayer and Praise:

Hey DAB family this is Steve from Scotland. I will give You thanks with all my heart. Before the heavenly assembly I was sing praises to You. From Psalm 138. Do you know what guys? You are the heavenly assembly. Those of us who know, and love of the Lord Jesus are already living in eternity. Isn’t that amazing? You are part of that heavenly assembly today even though you’re here on earth. And I just want to give thanks to God for my son Josh who’s gone through a pretty last cancer experience. But he’s been given the all clear. And that’s because of the love and the dedication of health care professionals who dedicate their lives to serving others. They’re just amazing people, aren’t they? I’ve also got a prayer request. A couple months ago somebody broke into our home, burgled us, and then set fire to it and we’ve lost every earthly possession, but we’ve not lost a single thing that we now can’t now take to heaven. And I just give thanks again to God that he is present in the process that we’re going through. So would you just pray that God would give us favor wisdom and discernment in terms of where we live? We’ve been pretty nomadic the past couple of months and a home where we can rebuild from would be just awesome at the moment. And God’s been so clear that the vision that he’s had for our property, the place that we were just called to love and serve others still remains and we know His word won’t come back empty. Also, if you could just pray for the young man that did this, that he would know the love of God and that he would forgive himself. That would be amazing. And finally Sparky, brother, just keep rocking it. I just loved hearing you praying out the other day and just encourage you keep going man. I love you all. Have an amazing day.

Hello this is Bob from Arizona I believe it’s the 25th of May podcast. I really…I have to react and call quickly even though I still don’t have my thoughts gathered Brian, but you are…you’re teaching is profound to you and profound to me in that our love for one another is paramount in the Lord’s teaching to us and as you said as he’s modeled to us. And certainly not young new to that. I, you know, I’m in my 70s, saved at 25. Speaks nothing to, you know, my closeness of the Lord. Every day’s a walk. But I do know when I hear the truth over and over again like you’re teaching that it’s so profound, so essential. I believe you said if we don’t get this, you know, it's…it’s essential. We need to get this. And I need to get this. You know totally. I guess practically I’m thinking I do want to call someone for coffee, a brother of mine seems to be troubled. Even though I drink coffee I’ll have something. But I…just to do something to start there. You know. Every day’s…somehow I’m trying to reach an understanding of the Lord, what is your will or this is your will show me how to how to live out your will Lord. Thank you so much Brian. You put our hearts in the right spot, you direct us well. I appreciate that and I thank You Father, Son, Holy Spirit for leading Brian’s teaching and for leading us in our hearts and for Your…just Your mercy to us, that we are capable of doing so much…so much more.

Hello my DAB family this is Jamie in New Jersey Standing on the Word of God. I humbly ask you to please pray with me. Dear Father in heaven thank You that You have plans for us that are for our good and Your glory. Everything You touch is powerfully transformed. Let us know that powerful touch in our lives. Lord, we confess that often we believe we have no choices or no possibilities for success in the situations we face. We kindle our unwavering belief in You and remind us to put our lives in Your hands every day. We trust You will guide us toward those things that are meant for us. Help us to fully believe You are God of all that is possible. Give us the strength to follow You. Your word says that to those who ask it will be given for those who seek it will be found and to those who will knock the door will be open. Here our prayers for miracles and grant our requests we pray in Jesus’ name. Amen. Thank you for praying along with me my brothers and sisters. I want to mention that today was my son’s college graduation. As I told you before he was diagnosed with autism when he was three hours old and many predicted that this day would never come. But I want to give God all the glory that He’s heard my prayers and answered them on His behalf. I want to encourage every parent and grandparent who has a child in the autism spectrum that nothing is impossible with God. God will guide them, God will teach them, God will get them to where they need to be. I lift them all up in Jesus’ name and I ask that He would touch each and every one of them as He has my son. Thank you all so much for praying me with me. I love you all. I bless you all. Have a good night.

My goodness it’s Susan from Canada God’s Yellow Flower. This is my third or fourth attempt. Something’s always going wrong. But anyway, I’ll try again. Dobson and your buddies know that I am praying for you deeply. I’m so…I worked with people in prison for over 10 years and I made some really good friends there and actually married one. But anyways that’s all I the past. But anyway, I want you to know I’m praying for the ministries in the prison to…to flourish and grow and change lives. So, dear God I just want You to…to…I’m asking You Lord God to raise Your hand over these prisons and change these hearts of stone into hearts of flesh that You can mold and shape into what You want them to be. You never create junk Lord. You only create good and beautiful things and there’s a beautiful gem inside each of them that needs to be polished up and molded into something wonderful. So, we pray dear God in the blessedly of Jesus that You would move in these prisons, that You would bless the people who are bringing the good news to You…the good news to them and that You would just bless them mightily in Jesus’ precious and holy name. Amen.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday May 30, 2022 (NIV)

2 Samuel 15:23-16

23 Everyone cried loudly as the king and his followers passed by. They crossed the Kidron Valley and then went out toward the wilderness.

24 Zadok and all the Levites also came along, carrying the Ark of the Covenant of God. They set down the Ark of God, and Abiathar offered sacrifices[a] until everyone had passed out of the city.

25 Then the king instructed Zadok to take the Ark of God back into the city. “If the Lord sees fit,” David said, “he will bring me back to see the Ark and the Tabernacle[b] again. 26 But if he is through with me, then let him do what seems best to him.”

27 The king also told Zadok the priest, “Look,[c] here is my plan. You and Abiathar[d] should return quietly to the city with your son Ahimaaz and Abiathar’s son Jonathan. 28 I will stop at the shallows of the Jordan River[e] and wait there for a report from you.” 29 So Zadok and Abiathar took the Ark of God back to the city and stayed there.

30 David walked up the road to the Mount of Olives, weeping as he went. His head was covered and his feet were bare as a sign of mourning. And the people who were with him covered their heads and wept as they climbed the hill. 31 When someone told David that his adviser Ahithophel was now backing Absalom, David prayed, “O Lord, let Ahithophel give Absalom foolish advice!”

32 When David reached the summit of the Mount of Olives where people worshiped God, Hushai the Arkite was waiting there for him. Hushai had torn his clothing and put dirt on his head as a sign of mourning. 33 But David told him, “If you go with me, you will only be a burden. 34 Return to Jerusalem and tell Absalom, ‘I will now be your adviser, O king, just as I was your father’s adviser in the past.’ Then you can frustrate and counter Ahithophel’s advice. 35 Zadok and Abiathar, the priests, will be there. Tell them about the plans being made in the king’s palace, 36 and they will send their sons Ahimaaz and Jonathan to tell me what is going on.”

37 So David’s friend Hushai returned to Jerusalem, getting there just as Absalom arrived.

David and Ziba

16 When David had gone a little beyond the summit of the Mount of Olives, Ziba, the servant of Mephibosheth,[f] was waiting there for him. He had two donkeys loaded with 200 loaves of bread, 100 clusters of raisins, 100 bunches of summer fruit, and a wineskin full of wine.

“What are these for?” the king asked Ziba.

Ziba replied, “The donkeys are for the king’s people to ride on, and the bread and summer fruit are for the young men to eat. The wine is for those who become exhausted in the wilderness.”

“And where is Mephibosheth, Saul’s grandson?” the king asked him.

“He stayed in Jerusalem,” Ziba replied. “He said, ‘Today I will get back the kingdom of my grandfather Saul.’”

“In that case,” the king told Ziba, “I give you everything Mephibosheth owns.”

“I bow before you,” Ziba replied. “May I always be pleasing to you, my lord the king.”

Shimei Curses David

As King David came to Bahurim, a man came out of the village cursing them. It was Shimei son of Gera, from the same clan as Saul’s family. He threw stones at the king and the king’s officers and all the mighty warriors who surrounded him. “Get out of here, you murderer, you scoundrel!” he shouted at David. “The Lord is paying you back for all the bloodshed in Saul’s clan. You stole his throne, and now the Lord has given it to your son Absalom. At last you will taste some of your own medicine, for you are a murderer!”

“Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king?” Abishai son of Zeruiah demanded. “Let me go over and cut off his head!”

10 “No!” the king said. “Who asked your opinion, you sons of Zeruiah! If the Lord has told him to curse me, who are you to stop him?”

11 Then David said to Abishai and to all his servants, “My own son is trying to kill me. Doesn’t this relative of Saul[g] have even more reason to do so? Leave him alone and let him curse, for the Lord has told him to do it. 12 And perhaps the Lord will see that I am being wronged[h] and will bless me because of these curses today.” 13 So David and his men continued down the road, and Shimei kept pace with them on a nearby hillside, cursing and throwing stones and dirt at David.

14 The king and all who were with him grew weary along the way, so they rested when they reached the Jordan River.[i]

Ahithophel Advises Absalom

15 Meanwhile, Absalom and all the army of Israel arrived at Jerusalem, accompanied by Ahithophel. 16 When David’s friend Hushai the Arkite arrived, he went immediately to see Absalom. “Long live the king!” he exclaimed. “Long live the king!”

17 “Is this the way you treat your friend David?” Absalom asked him. “Why aren’t you with him?”

18 “I’m here because I belong to the man who is chosen by the Lord and by all the men of Israel,” Hushai replied. 19 “And anyway, why shouldn’t I serve you? Just as I was your father’s adviser, now I will be your adviser!”

20 Then Absalom turned to Ahithophel and asked him, “What should I do next?”

21 Ahithophel told him, “Go and sleep with your father’s concubines, for he has left them here to look after the palace. Then all Israel will know that you have insulted your father beyond hope of reconciliation, and they will throw their support to you.” 22 So they set up a tent on the palace roof where everyone could see it, and Absalom went in and had sex with his father’s concubines.

23 Absalom followed Ahithophel’s advice, just as David had done. For every word Ahithophel spoke seemed as wise as though it had come directly from the mouth of God.


  1. 15:24 Or Abiathar went up.
  2. 15:25 Hebrew and his dwelling place.
  3. 15:27a As in Greek version; Hebrew reads Are you a seer? or Do you see?
  4. 15:27b Hebrew lacks and Abiathar; compare 15:29.
  5. 15:28 Hebrew at the crossing points of the wilderness.
  6. 16:1 Mephibosheth is another name for Merib-baal.
  7. 16:11 Hebrew this Benjaminite.
  8. 16:12 As in Greek and Syriac versions; Hebrew reads see my iniquity.
  9. 16:14 As in Greek version (see also 17:16); Hebrew reads when they reached their destination.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

John 18:25-19:22

Peter’s Second and Third Denials

25 Meanwhile, as Simon Peter was standing by the fire warming himself, they asked him again, “You’re not one of his disciples, are you?”

He denied it, saying, “No, I am not.”

26 But one of the household slaves of the high priest, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, “Didn’t I see you out there in the olive grove with Jesus?” 27 Again Peter denied it. And immediately a rooster crowed.

Jesus’ Trial before Pilate

28 Jesus’ trial before Caiaphas ended in the early hours of the morning. Then he was taken to the headquarters of the Roman governor.[a] His accusers didn’t go inside because it would defile them, and they wouldn’t be allowed to celebrate the Passover. 29 So Pilate, the governor, went out to them and asked, “What is your charge against this man?”

30 “We wouldn’t have handed him over to you if he weren’t a criminal!” they retorted.

31 “Then take him away and judge him by your own law,” Pilate told them.

“Only the Romans are permitted to execute someone,” the Jewish leaders replied. 32 (This fulfilled Jesus’ prediction about the way he would die.[b])

33 Then Pilate went back into his headquarters and called for Jesus to be brought to him. “Are you the king of the Jews?” he asked him.

34 Jesus replied, “Is this your own question, or did others tell you about me?”

35 “Am I a Jew?” Pilate retorted. “Your own people and their leading priests brought you to me for trial. Why? What have you done?”

36 Jesus answered, “My Kingdom is not an earthly kingdom. If it were, my followers would fight to keep me from being handed over to the Jewish leaders. But my Kingdom is not of this world.”

37 Pilate said, “So you are a king?”

Jesus responded, “You say I am a king. Actually, I was born and came into the world to testify to the truth. All who love the truth recognize that what I say is true.”

38 “What is truth?” Pilate asked. Then he went out again to the people and told them, “He is not guilty of any crime. 39 But you have a custom of asking me to release one prisoner each year at Passover. Would you like me to release this ‘King of the Jews’?”

40 But they shouted back, “No! Not this man. We want Barabbas!” (Barabbas was a revolutionary.)

Jesus Sentenced to Death

19 Then Pilate had Jesus flogged with a lead-tipped whip. The soldiers wove a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and they put a purple robe on him. “Hail! King of the Jews!” they mocked, as they slapped him across the face.

Pilate went outside again and said to the people, “I am going to bring him out to you now, but understand clearly that I find him not guilty.” Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said, “Look, here is the man!”

When they saw him, the leading priests and Temple guards began shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”

“Take him yourselves and crucify him,” Pilate said. “I find him not guilty.”

The Jewish leaders replied, “By our law he ought to die because he called himself the Son of God.”

When Pilate heard this, he was more frightened than ever. He took Jesus back into the headquarters[c] again and asked him, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave no answer. 10 “Why don’t you talk to me?” Pilate demanded. “Don’t you realize that I have the power to release you or crucify you?”

11 Then Jesus said, “You would have no power over me at all unless it were given to you from above. So the one who handed me over to you has the greater sin.”

12 Then Pilate tried to release him, but the Jewish leaders shouted, “If you release this man, you are no ‘friend of Caesar.’[d] Anyone who declares himself a king is a rebel against Caesar.”

13 When they said this, Pilate brought Jesus out to them again. Then Pilate sat down on the judgment seat on the platform that is called the Stone Pavement (in Hebrew, Gabbatha). 14 It was now about noon on the day of preparation for the Passover. And Pilate said to the people,[e] “Look, here is your king!”

15 “Away with him,” they yelled. “Away with him! Crucify him!”

“What? Crucify your king?” Pilate asked.

“We have no king but Caesar,” the leading priests shouted back.

16 Then Pilate turned Jesus over to them to be crucified.

The Crucifixion

So they took Jesus away. 17 Carrying the cross by himself, he went to the place called Place of the Skull (in Hebrew, Golgotha). 18 There they nailed him to the cross. Two others were crucified with him, one on either side, with Jesus between them. 19 And Pilate posted a sign on the cross that read, “Jesus of Nazareth,[f] the King of the Jews.” 20 The place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek, so that many people could read it.

21 Then the leading priests objected and said to Pilate, “Change it from ‘The King of the Jews’ to ‘He said, I am King of the Jews.’”

22 Pilate replied, “No, what I have written, I have written.”


  1. 18:28 Greek to the Praetorium; also in 18:33.
  2. 18:32 See John 12:32-33.
  3. 19:9 Greek the Praetorium.
  4. 19:12 “Friend of Caesar” is a technical term that refers to an ally of the emperor.
  5. 19:14 Greek Jewish people; also in 19:20.
  6. 19:19 Or Jesus the Nazarene.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Psalm 119:113-128


113 I hate those with divided loyalties,
but I love your instructions.
114 You are my refuge and my shield;
your word is my source of hope.
115 Get out of my life, you evil-minded people,
for I intend to obey the commands of my God.
116 Lord, sustain me as you promised, that I may live!
Do not let my hope be crushed.
117 Sustain me, and I will be rescued;
then I will meditate continually on your decrees.
118 But you have rejected all who stray from your decrees.
They are only fooling themselves.
119 You skim off the wicked of the earth like scum;
no wonder I love to obey your laws!
120 I tremble in fear of you;
I stand in awe of your regulations.


121 Don’t leave me to the mercy of my enemies,
for I have done what is just and right.
122 Please guarantee a blessing for me.
Don’t let the arrogant oppress me!
123 My eyes strain to see your rescue,
to see the truth of your promise fulfilled.
124 I am your servant; deal with me in unfailing love,
and teach me your decrees.
125 Give discernment to me, your servant;
then I will understand your laws.
126 Lord, it is time for you to act,
for these evil people have violated your instructions.
127 Truly, I love your commands
more than gold, even the finest gold.
128 Each of your commandments is right.
That is why I hate every false way.

New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Proverbs 16:10-11

10 The king speaks with divine wisdom;
he must never judge unfairly.

11 The Lord demands accurate scales and balances;
he sets the standards for fairness.

New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

5/29/2022 DAB Transcript

2 Samuel 14:1-15:22, John 18:1-24, Psalm 119:97-112, Proverbs 16:8-9

Today is the 29th day of May, welcome to the Daily Audio Bible. I’m Brian, it’s great to be here with you today as we throw open the threshold and walk into this brand-new week together and now, we are walking into a new week and before this week is out, we’ll be walking into a new month. So that’s exciting but we are here now taking the next step forward together and that leads us back into the family drama of King David in the book of second Samuel. Today, chapter 14 verse 1 through 15 verse 22.


Father, we thank You for Your word, we thank You for this brand-new week that we are walking into, a week that will lead us into a brand-new month. And so, we recognize the passing of time once again, that gives us the opportunity to reflect back and to dream forward and to be in this very moment with You and every moment that will ever come again with You and Your presence, as you lead, guide and direct us forever and ever. And so, we rest in that, we thank You for that promise and that hope, and we ask Holy Spirit that You would come seal what we’ve read this week in our hearts and lead us forward in the name of Jesus, we ask. Amen.

Prayer and Encouragements:

Hey DAB family, it’s Dr. John from Jordan, New York. I’m asking us to gather around someone I’m gonna call New to This because I enjoy dad jokes. She introduced herself as I’m New to This, but she has suffered two miscarriages and that is devastating. And so, I’m going to tell you, New to This, that you grieve and that’s part of the process is that yes, you lost a baby and all that hope that you had with that positive pregnancy test, all the dreams that you had already made until you started bleeding and it sucks and I’m sorry for you. But there is hope and the story I’m gonna to tell you is about a patient of mine who had two miscarriages for her first two pregnancies and subsequently delivered two babies, a boy and a girl, both beautiful. And so, we will have that hope for you. So, DAB family, please join together with me as we pray for her. Heavenly Father, I ask You to open up her womb. I ask You to bless her with children and to provide many arrows in the quiver of her husband. Father, please comfort her and her husband through this time of grief and be there with them. And I pray this in Jesus’ holy, mighty and victorious name. Amen. Thank you DAB, Dr. John signing off.

Hi, this is Victorious Soldier just calling to pray for some of the DABers. I wanted to pray for Ethen, he was having some problems with his car. And I just wanted to say, depending on how new your car is Ethen, it’s probably still under warranty. So, I pray that it is and that God will open doors in every aspect of your life, even in what you seek. I want to pray for Samone, I want to tell her thank you for how wonderful her testimony of what she’s been through and how God is able to heal and deliver and God is able to do anything. I remember the time that God had brought me to the place where I have and like Joseph say, he brought you there to save lives and also to have life. I thank God for Lisa the Encourager, want to continue to encourage you. So good to hear your voice, Lisa. I want to also pray for David, from Alaska and he was talking about his eyes and how he’s still able to see. I just wanna pray that God continue to bless him to see and even to see better. Gracious Father, we just lift You up, we praise You, we magnify You Lord. We just thank You because You’re still the same God yesterday, today and tomorrow. You’re still healing, You’re still delivering, You’re still working miracles, Father. In the name of Jesus. Lord, we just ask You to touch our people today who are going through, even going through depression, even those who have been through what my precious sister Samone in Texas, has been through. Lord, we just ask You to continue to bless her, continue to bless her family, Lord. In the name of Jesus. And Lord, we give You the praise and the glory and the honor. We ask You to continue to bless Brian and tell him thank you for the podcast. Have a great day my dear DABers. Love you all. Bye Bye.

Good evening family, it’s Soaring on Eagles Wings from Canada. Abba Father, I bow my head in your presence as my heart is over burdened with grief for a town in Texas where lives have been lost and it doesn’t seem to be any rhyme or reason to it. We ask why, how did this happen? You knew that this time would come Lord. We didn’t. Moms and dads are crying for their babies and two teachers’ families. And the shooter also has a family that’s crying as well. And I ask You God, Abba Father, that You would pour Your Holy Spirit out on this whole town. And instead of division because of anger or whatever, it would reunite people and that the enemy would see that he is defeated. The name of Jesus brings peace and harmony and comfort. Comfort the mourning, wrap Your arms round about them, Lord. Be very real to them, and weed through this horrible situation, many come to know you as Savior Lord. Oh, my heart aches for those parents. God!

Hey, DAB family, this is Dani from Southern Oregon. Hey, I wanted to share some news with you today. I am down in Southern California visiting my 89 and 91-year-old parents and my mom has been a closet smoker forever. And today, she started an accidental fire and it was a big fire and it was in the garage. And I was on my way to the shower, which is attached to the garage and I noticed smoke and I opened the door and sure enough the whole recycle can was fully engulfed and right next to it, is course all of the Costco toilet paper, paper towels, all her cleaning products and all these flammables and I’m like oh no. And so, I go to grab the fire extinguisher and it’s old and it’s empty and so I run and I get a robe on. I run outside and unhooked the hose from the whatever, anyway, and I squirt the hose on it and I put the fire out and thank God I was there at the right time, at the right place. Thank you, Lord Jesus. Because if I wasn’t there, my parents didn’t have a clue, my mom was actually watching me from the kitchen window and she told me later, I was wondering what you are doing outside watering the lawn in you robe. I was gonna tell you, you know they might do that in the country but we don’t do that kind of thing. She had no clue what was going on. So, thank You Jesus. Thank You for sparing my parents home, thank You for sparing their lives and thank You for using me to help keep them safe. I just wanted to share that with my family.

Hi DABers, this is Micah in Aw, in Kansas City, Missouri area. I wanted to ask for your prayers for energy for me and I don’t know, will and strength. I got COVID last year in August and it just really jacked me up. I feel like I’m a different person now, like, I don’t have the energy that I used to have, I don’t have the ability I used to have, doing like, like just small things gets me out of breath. It’s really weird, like, just doing dishes can wear me out, it’s crazy. So, I just really obviously want to be restored back to some kind of semblance of the man I used to be and have the ability I used to have and the drive and the want to get out and walk and start, start building my endurance again. And spiritual as well, like, I don’t know what has been going on but I cannot walk up early, I wake up just, like, like with just enough time to make my espresso and go, go to my office and start work. I’m like, I turn on Daily Audio Bible but I rarely make it to the end. I’m not hearing the prayer requests as much as I should or want to. And I just, like, today, I woke up at 430 for some reason and haven’t been able to get back to sleep and it’s been nice just sitting here looking out my back window and having my espresso and actually having time to go through the, todays reading and listen to the prayers. I want that again. Like, I have sleep apnea and my sleep apnea machine is messed up, they had a national recall and I haven’t, I haven’t been having that so I’m thinking that probably has a lot to do with it as well. But anyway, if you would just pray for me, that God would restore me to some semblance of good health and give me good will. Thank you.  

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday May 29, 2022 (NIV)

2 Samuel 14:1-15:22

Joab Arranges for Absalom’s Return

14 Joab realized how much the king longed to see Absalom. So he sent for a woman from Tekoa who had a reputation for great wisdom. He said to her, “Pretend you are in mourning; wear mourning clothes and don’t put on lotions.[a] Act like a woman who has been mourning for the dead for a long time. Then go to the king and tell him the story I am about to tell you.” Then Joab told her what to say.

When the woman from Tekoa approached[b] the king, she bowed with her face to the ground in deep respect and cried out, “O king! Help me!”

“What’s the trouble?” the king asked.

“Alas, I am a widow!” she replied. “My husband is dead. My two sons had a fight out in the field. And since no one was there to stop it, one of them was killed. Now the rest of the family is demanding, ‘Let us have your son. We will execute him for murdering his brother. He doesn’t deserve to inherit his family’s property.’ They want to extinguish the only coal I have left, and my husband’s name and family will disappear from the face of the earth.”

“Leave it to me,” the king told her. “Go home, and I’ll see to it that no one touches him.”

“Oh, thank you, my lord the king,” the woman from Tekoa replied. “If you are criticized for helping me, let the blame fall on me and on my father’s house, and let the king and his throne be innocent.”

10 “If anyone objects,” the king said, “bring him to me. I can assure you he will never harm you again!”

11 Then she said, “Please swear to me by the Lord your God that you won’t let anyone take vengeance against my son. I want no more bloodshed.”

“As surely as the Lord lives,” he replied, “not a hair on your son’s head will be disturbed!”

12 “Please allow me to ask one more thing of my lord the king,” she said.

“Go ahead and speak,” he responded.

13 She replied, “Why don’t you do as much for the people of God as you have promised to do for me? You have convicted yourself in making this decision, because you have refused to bring home your own banished son. 14 All of us must die eventually. Our lives are like water spilled out on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again. But God does not just sweep life away; instead, he devises ways to bring us back when we have been separated from him.

15 “I have come to plead with my lord the king because people have threatened me. I said to myself, ‘Perhaps the king will listen to me 16 and rescue us from those who would cut us off from the inheritance[c] God has given us. 17 Yes, my lord the king will give us peace of mind again.’ I know that you are like an angel of God in discerning good from evil. May the Lord your God be with you.”

18 “I must know one thing,” the king replied, “and tell me the truth.”

“Yes, my lord the king,” she responded.

19 “Did Joab put you up to this?”

And the woman replied, “My lord the king, how can I deny it? Nobody can hide anything from you. Yes, Joab sent me and told me what to say. 20 He did it to place the matter before you in a different light. But you are as wise as an angel of God, and you understand everything that happens among us!”

21 So the king sent for Joab and told him, “All right, go and bring back the young man Absalom.”

22 Joab bowed with his face to the ground in deep respect and said, “At last I know that I have gained your approval, my lord the king, for you have granted me this request!”

23 Then Joab went to Geshur and brought Absalom back to Jerusalem. 24 But the king gave this order: “Absalom may go to his own house, but he must never come into my presence.” So Absalom did not see the king.

Absalom Reconciled to David

25 Now Absalom was praised as the most handsome man in all Israel. He was flawless from head to foot. 26 He cut his hair only once a year, and then only because it was so heavy. When he weighed it out, it came to five pounds![d] 27 He had three sons and one daughter. His daughter’s name was Tamar, and she was very beautiful.

28 Absalom lived in Jerusalem for two years, but he never got to see the king. 29 Then Absalom sent for Joab to ask him to intercede for him, but Joab refused to come. Absalom sent for him a second time, but again Joab refused to come. 30 So Absalom said to his servants, “Go and set fire to Joab’s barley field, the field next to mine.” So they set his field on fire, as Absalom had commanded.

31 Then Joab came to Absalom at his house and demanded, “Why did your servants set my field on fire?”

32 And Absalom replied, “Because I wanted you to ask the king why he brought me back from Geshur if he didn’t intend to see me. I might as well have stayed there. Let me see the king; if he finds me guilty of anything, then let him kill me.”

33 So Joab told the king what Absalom had said. Then at last David summoned Absalom, who came and bowed low before the king, and the king kissed him.

Absalom’s Rebellion

15 After this, Absalom bought a chariot and horses, and he hired fifty bodyguards to run ahead of him. He got up early every morning and went out to the gate of the city. When people brought a case to the king for judgment, Absalom would ask where in Israel they were from, and they would tell him their tribe. Then Absalom would say, “You’ve really got a strong case here! It’s too bad the king doesn’t have anyone to hear it. I wish I were the judge. Then everyone could bring their cases to me for judgment, and I would give them justice!”

When people tried to bow before him, Absalom wouldn’t let them. Instead, he took them by the hand and kissed them. Absalom did this with everyone who came to the king for judgment, and so he stole the hearts of all the people of Israel.

After four years,[e] Absalom said to the king, “Let me go to Hebron to offer a sacrifice to the Lord and fulfill a vow I made to him. For while your servant was at Geshur in Aram, I promised to sacrifice to the Lord in Hebron[f] if he would bring me back to Jerusalem.”

“All right,” the king told him. “Go and fulfill your vow.”

So Absalom went to Hebron. 10 But while he was there, he sent secret messengers to all the tribes of Israel to stir up a rebellion against the king. “As soon as you hear the ram’s horn,” his message read, “you are to say, ‘Absalom has been crowned king in Hebron.’” 11 He took 200 men from Jerusalem with him as guests, but they knew nothing of his intentions. 12 While Absalom was offering the sacrifices, he sent for Ahithophel, one of David’s counselors who lived in Giloh. Soon many others also joined Absalom, and the conspiracy gained momentum.

David Escapes from Jerusalem

13 A messenger soon arrived in Jerusalem to tell David, “All Israel has joined Absalom in a conspiracy against you!”

14 “Then we must flee at once, or it will be too late!” David urged his men. “Hurry! If we get out of the city before Absalom arrives, both we and the city of Jerusalem will be spared from disaster.”

15 “We are with you,” his advisers replied. “Do what you think is best.”

16 So the king and all his household set out at once. He left no one behind except ten of his concubines to look after the palace. 17 The king and all his people set out on foot, pausing at the last house 18 to let all the king’s men move past to lead the way. There were 600 men from Gath who had come with David, along with the king’s bodyguard.[g]

19 Then the king turned and said to Ittai, a leader of the men from Gath, “Why are you coming with us? Go on back to King Absalom, for you are a guest in Israel, a foreigner in exile. 20 You arrived only recently, and should I force you today to wander with us? I don’t even know where we will go. Go on back and take your kinsmen with you, and may the Lord show you his unfailing love and faithfulness.[h]

21 But Ittai said to the king, “I vow by the Lord and by your own life that I will go wherever my lord the king goes, no matter what happens—whether it means life or death.”

22 David replied, “All right, come with us.” So Ittai and all his men and their families went along.


  1. 14:2 Hebrew don’t anoint yourself with oil.
  2. 14:4 As in many Hebrew manuscripts and Greek and Syriac versions; Masoretic Text reads spoke to.
  3. 14:16 Or the property; or the people.
  4. 14:26 Hebrew 200 shekels [2.3 kilograms] by the royal standard.
  5. 15:7 As in Greek and Syriac versions; Hebrew reads forty years.
  6. 15:8 As in some Greek manuscripts; Hebrew lacks in Hebron.
  7. 15:18 Hebrew the Kerethites and Pelethites.
  8. 15:20 As in Greek version; Hebrew reads and may unfailing love and faithfulness go with you.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

John 18:1-24

Jesus Is Betrayed and Arrested

18 After saying these things, Jesus crossed the Kidron Valley with his disciples and entered a grove of olive trees. Judas, the betrayer, knew this place, because Jesus had often gone there with his disciples. The leading priests and Pharisees had given Judas a contingent of Roman soldiers and Temple guards to accompany him. Now with blazing torches, lanterns, and weapons, they arrived at the olive grove.

Jesus fully realized all that was going to happen to him, so he stepped forward to meet them. “Who are you looking for?” he asked.

“Jesus the Nazarene,”[a] they replied.

I am he,”[b] Jesus said. (Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them.) As Jesus said I am he,” they all drew back and fell to the ground! Once more he asked them, “Who are you looking for?”

And again they replied, “Jesus the Nazarene.”

“I told you that I am he,” Jesus said. “And since I am the one you want, let these others go.” He did this to fulfill his own statement: “I did not lose a single one of those you have given me.”[c]

10 Then Simon Peter drew a sword and slashed off the right ear of Malchus, the high priest’s slave. 11 But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath. Shall I not drink from the cup of suffering the Father has given me?”

Jesus at the High Priest’s House

12 So the soldiers, their commanding officer, and the Temple guards arrested Jesus and tied him up. 13 First they took him to Annas, since he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest at that time.[d] 14 Caiaphas was the one who had told the other Jewish leaders, “It’s better that one man should die for the people.”

Peter’s First Denial

15 Simon Peter followed Jesus, as did another of the disciples. That other disciple was acquainted with the high priest, so he was allowed to enter the high priest’s courtyard with Jesus. 16 Peter had to stay outside the gate. Then the disciple who knew the high priest spoke to the woman watching at the gate, and she let Peter in. 17 The woman asked Peter, “You’re not one of that man’s disciples, are you?”

“No,” he said, “I am not.”

18 Because it was cold, the household servants and the guards had made a charcoal fire. They stood around it, warming themselves, and Peter stood with them, warming himself.

The High Priest Questions Jesus

19 Inside, the high priest began asking Jesus about his followers and what he had been teaching them. 20 Jesus replied, “Everyone knows what I teach. I have preached regularly in the synagogues and the Temple, where the people[e] gather. I have not spoken in secret. 21 Why are you asking me this question? Ask those who heard me. They know what I said.”

22 Then one of the Temple guards standing nearby slapped Jesus across the face. “Is that the way to answer the high priest?” he demanded.

23 Jesus replied, “If I said anything wrong, you must prove it. But if I’m speaking the truth, why are you beating me?”

24 Then Annas bound Jesus and sent him to Caiaphas, the high priest.


  1. 18:5a Or Jesus of Nazareth; also in 18:7.
  2. 18:5b Or “The ‘I am’ is here”; or “I am the Lord”; Greek reads I am; also in 18:6, 8. See Exod 3:14.
  3. 18:9 See John 6:39 and 17:12.
  4. 18:13 Greek that year.
  5. 18:20 Greek Jewish people; also in 18:38.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Psalm 119:97-112


97 Oh, how I love your instructions!
I think about them all day long.
98 Your commands make me wiser than my enemies,
for they are my constant guide.
99 Yes, I have more insight than my teachers,
for I am always thinking of your laws.
100 I am even wiser than my elders,
for I have kept your commandments.
101 I have refused to walk on any evil path,
so that I may remain obedient to your word.
102 I haven’t turned away from your regulations,
for you have taught me well.
103 How sweet your words taste to me;
they are sweeter than honey.
104 Your commandments give me understanding;
no wonder I hate every false way of life.


105 Your word is a lamp to guide my feet
and a light for my path.
106 I’ve promised it once, and I’ll promise it again:
I will obey your righteous regulations.
107 I have suffered much, O Lord;
restore my life again as you promised.
108 Lord, accept my offering of praise,
and teach me your regulations.
109 My life constantly hangs in the balance,
but I will not stop obeying your instructions.
110 The wicked have set their traps for me,
but I will not turn from your commandments.
111 Your laws are my treasure;
they are my heart’s delight.
112 I am determined to keep your decrees
to the very end.

New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Proverbs 16:8-9

Better to have little, with godliness,
than to be rich and dishonest.

We can make our plans,
but the Lord determines our steps.

New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

05/28/2022 DAB Transcript

2 Samuel 13:1-39, John 17:1-26, Psalms 119:81-96, Proverbs 16:6-7

Today is the 28th day of May welcome to the Daily Audio Bible I’m Brian it is great to be here with you as we close another week. We won’t make it through another week before we cross the threshold into a new month. That’s crazy but that’s where we are. And, so, while we have a couple days left in this fifth month of the year let’s reflect, reflect upon where we have been and where we are going and what the Scriptures are saying to us. We start a new month well by finishing what we started, like by finishing the previous month well. And, so, we’ve got a little time, a couple days in front of us. And, so, let’s do that. Let’s finish well. And one of the ways that we finish well is by continuing the rhythm that we’ve started on 1st of January, day by day step-by-step around the Global Campfire moving forward through the Scriptures. And, so, let’s move in that direction. We have been following the story of David throughout the book of second Samuel, which is what we’re reading from in the Old Testament. We’ve seen a lot of character and integrity in David. In fact, profoundly so, but we’ve also seen just a dramatic fall and the taking of Uriah’s wife, Bathsheba, and the foretelling from the prophet Nathan that really David’s closest enemies will be within his own household. And in some ways, we can understand maybe the loss of respect. Maybe nobody’s talking about this or charging the king with some sort of crime, but within the walls of the palace, within the family, I’m sure that…well dads got a new wife. And we knew her. She was Uriah’s wife. Like, we can begin to put some things together, especially since Bathsheba was already with child when she came into the palace to be the wife of the king. And, so, now we begin to watch that deterioration within David’s family begin to happen. We’re reading from the New English Translation this week, which is today. Second Samuel chapter 13.


Father, we thank You for Your word and we thank You for another week that we’ve been able to spend in Your word, the last full week of this month. So, we’re starting to think about the future days, but we are also reflecting back on all that You’ve brought us through and into and invited us into and all that You have shaped inside of us already. And even today, as we read the high priestly prayer of Jesus over his friends and through his friends to all of us, make us one as You are one. You in us and we in You. Holy Spirit, we invite You to come and lead us into all truth, including the mystery of the fact that You are within us. The same Spirit that raised Jesus from the dead dwells in us. Lead us into that truth. Lead us to become aware of what that means. Come Holy Spirit we pray. In the name of Jesus, we ask. Amen.


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And that’s it for today. I’m Brian and I love you and I’ll be waiting for you here tomorrow.

Community Prayer and Praise:

Hi, I just wanted to comment on the May 23rd message Brian and it’s amazing. I’m just so amazed how God our Creator our Father He comes in a form of a human being Jesus Christ and yes washes our feet. There are no words. I just could say it’s so amazing. And when we get it, that we too can be that, just wash other people’s feet for an example in humbling ourselves and being humbled and serving others whether in private or out in the open on the mission field, wherever. It’s our hearts. And it’s amazing how busy we can become from one time at work or at home and then when we have quiet time when we have those times when we are…experience that blessing of giving of ourselves and then you have that a-ha moment, you have that revelation that is…is really amazing how the Holy Spirit moves in us and then the next day comes when we get busy again and, you know, it’s like we forgot. But what’s wonderful is our Father God doesn’t forget us. He just loves us no matter what and He says continue, just pick up where you left. and you will guide us. That’s awesome. Thank you, Lord.

Hey family this is Bridget from New York city and I just finished listening to today’s word from Brian. Today is Tuesday May 24th and he talked about loving one another. And, so, we’re coming up on the 4th year of my son in law’s murder and, you know, my daughter has had difficult four years. And I used to think I knew what love was because you see it right on TV, you experience it, and we’re taught. And one thing I’ve learned of these past four years is that love truly doesn’t think look like what I thought it did. What it really looks like is what Jesus says. It’s the way that He lived. And when you look at how He lived, you know His heart was for the broken for the last for the sick. His heart was for even further religious. You know there was a scripture that I read a while ago where He talks about, he was, you know, hurting basically because of the cup that He’s gonna take and how He wished that, you know, He could get Israel to listen to Him basically. And I’m really paraphrasing. And, you know, it just reminded me so much of how He was a wounded healer, a broken savior, broken for us, broken for our hearts, broken for the love that He has for us. And I just want to encourage you guys, you know, to not look at love the way that you understand it but to really seek God about it and pray that the Holy Spirit will show you what love looks like in the eyes of the Gather. God bless you guys. I love you and I pray this blesses you all. Have a great day.

Lord my prayer right now is for Ethan. Thank You for Ethan. Thank You because you made Ethan. And thank You for this massive step that he has taken today to call and to be able to share so if his struggles. Father this is a big step towards healing. And he has also indicated that it is a condition He does not need and he does not want in his life. And it is a very good place to be. And this is where You, the God of heaven will step in and show Ethan how much You love him. Touch him and help them to rise above and beyond whatever this struggle is so that in all things all glory and honor would be Yours forever and ever. Amen. God bless you, Ethan. You are on your way to the victory. Bye-bye.

Afternoon all. It's…the day is the 24th of May today recording this. And sunny __ in England. It’s our weather today, hot cold windy __. __ for ya. Anyway, I’m just praying for the DABbers today, especially Victoria Soldier. Makes my day when she comes on with her fervent…fervent spirit there. But just asking for prayer just for my daughter. She’s 14 and she’s __ at school and it’s been getting on a little while not but here __ she said something to her so called friends and its sort of spiraled out of control and now the whole __ and the whole __ are up against her. And she’s got friends and so on but it's…it’s difficult to see your young…your daughter go through __ you want to do things but there’s only so much you can do. You can go to the school and __. And you want to do things, but you can’t do things. So, I don’t know. I’m still leaving it up to God. And I thought He might be able to do His bit and I’m just waiting for His __ thing to happen. So, just to pray for Emily. Emi, her name is. And pray…just pray for me as well for…to keep…keep my mind focused and so on. Thanks guys. Speak to you soon.

Hello Daily Audio Bible community this is People on the Water from Indiana, and I was thinking that it’s kind of funny, more or less, it’s kind of interesting that we tend to be the greatest minister…ministers to our own self. This is in regard to Ethan, Ethan from the greater Phoenix area. First of all, welcome to the area. I’m not there right now but I hope you’re finding your home to be nice and the community around you that you might be built up. In your call I heard you are dealing with us in that you are ashamed of and should feel. Sins not something you want to be proud about. But sin is also something that is hard to share, it’s hard to break. And man do I get that. So, I would like to pray for you brother. Just lifting you up to the Lord that He might take your condition and He…then go deeper and take your condition and how it makes you feel, how it affects you. And Lord I pray that You would just heal with Your right hand, heal Ethan in Your way Lord. In Jesus’ name I pray, and I ask. Amen.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday May 28, 2022 (NIV)

2 Samuel 13

The Rape of Tamar

13 Now David’s son Absalom had a beautiful sister named Tamar. In the course of time David’s son Amnon fell madly in love with her.[a] But Amnon became frustrated because he was so lovesick[b] over his sister Tamar. For she was a virgin, and to Amnon it seemed out of the question to do anything to her.

Now Amnon had a friend named Jonadab, the son of David’s brother Shimeah. Jonadab was a very crafty man. He asked Amnon,[c] “Why are you, the king’s son,[d] so depressed every morning? Can’t you tell me?” So Amnon said to him, “I’m in love with Tamar the sister of my brother Absalom.” Jonadab replied to him, “Lie down on your bed and pretend to be sick.[e] When your father comes in to see you, say to him, ‘Please let my sister Tamar come in so she can fix some food for me. Let her prepare the food in my sight so I can watch. Then I will eat from her hand.’”

So Amnon lay down and pretended to be sick. When the king came in to see him, Amnon said to the king, “Please let my sister Tamar come in so she can make a couple of cakes in my sight. Then I will eat from her hand.”

So David sent Tamar to the house saying, “Please go to the house of Amnon your brother and prepare some food for him.” So Tamar went to the house of Amnon her brother, who was lying down. She took the dough, kneaded it, made some cakes while he watched,[f] and baked them.[g] But when she took the pan and set it before him, he refused to eat. Instead Amnon said, “Get everyone out of here!”[h] So everyone left.[i]

10 Then Amnon said to Tamar, “Bring the cakes into the bedroom; then I will eat from your hand.” So Tamar took the cakes that she had prepared and brought them to her brother Amnon in the bedroom. 11 As she brought them to him to eat, he grabbed her and said to her, “Come on! Get in bed with me,[j] my sister!”

12 But she said to him, “No, my brother! Don’t humiliate me! This just isn’t done in Israel! Don’t do this foolish thing! 13 How could I ever be rid of my humiliation? And you would be considered one of the fools[k] in Israel! Just[l] speak to the king, for he will not withhold me from you.” 14 But he refused to listen to her.[m] He overpowered her and humiliated her by raping her.[n] 15 Then Amnon greatly despised her.[o] His disdain toward her surpassed the love he had previously felt toward her.[p] Amnon said to her, “Get up and leave!”

16 But she said to him, “No I won’t, for sending me away now would be worse than what you did to me earlier!”[q] But he refused to listen to her. 17 He called his personal attendant and said to him, “Take this woman out of my sight[r] and lock the door behind her!” 18 (Now she was wearing a long robe,[s] for this is what the king’s virgin daughters used to wear.) So Amnon’s[t] attendant removed her and bolted the door[u] behind her. 19 Then Tamar put ashes on her head and tore the long robe she was wearing. She put her hands on her head and went on her way, wailing as she went.

20 Her brother Absalom said to her, “Was Amnon your brother with you? Now be quiet, my sister. He is your brother. Don’t take it so seriously!”[v] Tamar, devastated, lived in the house of her brother Absalom.

21 Now King David heard about all these things and was very angry.[w] 22 But Absalom said nothing to Amnon, either bad or good, yet Absalom hated Amnon because he had humiliated his sister Tamar.

Absalom Has Amnon Put to Death

23 Two years later Absalom’s sheepshearers were in Baal Hazor, near Ephraim. Absalom invited all the king’s sons. 24 Then Absalom went to the king and said, “My shearers have begun their work.[x] Let the king and his servants go with me.”

25 But the king said to Absalom, “No, my son. We shouldn’t all go. We shouldn’t burden you in that way.” Though Absalom[y] pressed[z] him, the king[aa] was not willing to go. Instead, David[ab] blessed him.

26 Then Absalom said, “If you will not go,[ac] then let my brother Amnon go with us.” The king replied to him, “Why should he go with you?” 27 But when Absalom pressed him, he sent Amnon and all the king’s sons along with him.

28 Absalom instructed his servants, “Look! When Amnon is drunk[ad] and I say to you, ‘Strike Amnon down,’ kill him then and there. Don’t fear! Is it not I who have given you these instructions? Be strong and courageous!”[ae] 29 So Absalom’s servants did to Amnon exactly what Absalom had instructed. Then all the king’s sons got up; each one rode away on his mule and fled.

30 While they were still on their way, the following report reached David: “Absalom has killed all the king’s sons; not one of them is left!” 31 Then the king stood up and tore his garments and lay down on the ground. All his servants were standing there with torn garments as well.

32 Jonadab, the son of David’s brother Shimeah, said, “My lord should not say, ‘They have killed all the young men who are the king’s sons.’ For only Amnon is dead. This is what Absalom has talked about[af] from the day that Amnon[ag] humiliated his sister Tamar. 33 Now don’t let my lord the king be concerned about the report that has come saying, ‘All the king’s sons are dead.’ It is only Amnon who is dead.”

34 In the meantime Absalom fled. When the servant who was the watchman looked up, he saw many people coming from the west[ah] on a road beside the hill. 35 Jonadab said to the king, “Look! The king’s sons have come! It’s just as I said.”

36 Just as he finished speaking, the king’s sons arrived, wailing and weeping.[ai] The king and all his servants wept loudly[aj] as well. 37 But Absalom fled and went to King Talmai son of Ammihud of Geshur. And David[ak] grieved over his son every day.

38 After Absalom fled and went to Geshur, he remained there for three years. 39 The king longed[al] to go to Absalom, for he had since been consoled over the death of Amnon.[am]


  1. 2 Samuel 13:1 tn Heb “Amnon the son of David loved her.” The following verse indicates the extreme nature of his infatuation, so the translation uses “madly in love” here.sn Amnon was the half-brother of Tamar; Absalom was her full blood-brother.
  2. 2 Samuel 13:2 tn Heb “and there was distress to Amnon so that he made himself sick.”
  3. 2 Samuel 13:4 tn Heb “and he said to him.”
  4. 2 Samuel 13:4 tn A more idiomatic translation might be “Why are you of all people…?”
  5. 2 Samuel 13:5 tn This verb is used in the Hitpael stem only in this chapter of the Hebrew Bible. With the exception of v. 2 it describes not a real sickness but one pretended in order to entrap Tamar. The Hitpael sometimes, as here, describes the subject making oneself appear to be of a certain character. On this use of the stem, see GKC 149-50 §54.e.
  6. 2 Samuel 13:8 tn Heb “in his sight.”
  7. 2 Samuel 13:8 tn Heb “the cakes.”
  8. 2 Samuel 13:9 tn Heb “from upon me.”
  9. 2 Samuel 13:9 tc A few medieval Hebrew mss supported by the LXX and Vulgate read the Hiphil וַיּוֹצִיאוּ (vayyotsiʾu) “and they removed everyone,” rather than the MT’s Qal וַיֵּצְאוּ (vayyetseʾu, “they left”). This verb would then match the instructions more closely.
  10. 2 Samuel 13:11 tn Heb “lie with me” (so NAB, NASB, NRSV); NCV “come and have sexual relations with me.”
  11. 2 Samuel 13:13 tn Heb “and you will be like one of the fools.”
  12. 2 Samuel 13:13 tn Heb “Now.”
  13. 2 Samuel 13:14 tn Heb “to her voice.”
  14. 2 Samuel 13:14 tn Heb “and he humiliated her and lay with her.”
  15. 2 Samuel 13:15 tn Heb “and Amnon hated her with very great hatred.”
  16. 2 Samuel 13:15 tn Heb “for greater was the hatred with which he hated her than the love with which he loved her.”
  17. 2 Samuel 13:16 tn Heb “No, because this great evil is [worse] than the other which you did with me, by sending me away.” Perhaps the broken syntax reflects her hysteria and outrage.
  18. 2 Samuel 13:17 tn Heb “send this [one] from upon me to the outside.”
  19. 2 Samuel 13:18 tn The Hebrew expression used here (כְּתֹנֶת פַּסִּים, ketonet passim) is found only here and in Gen 37:3, 23, 32. Hebrew פַּס (pas) can refer to the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot; here the idea is probably that of a long robe reaching to the feet and having sleeves reaching to the wrists. The notion of a “coat of many colors” (KJV, ASV “garment of divers colors”), a familiar translation for the phrase in Genesis, is based primarily on the translation adopted in the LXX χιτῶνα ποικίλον (chitōna poikilon) and does not have a great deal of support.
  20. 2 Samuel 13:18 tn Heb “his”; the referent (Amnon) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  21. 2 Samuel 13:18 tn The Hebrew verb is a perfect with nonconsecutive vav, probably indicating an action (locking the door) that complements the preceding one (pushing her out the door).
  22. 2 Samuel 13:20 tn Heb “Don’t set your heart to this thing!” Elsewhere this phrase means to disregard or not pay attention to something (e.g. Exod 7:23). It is a callous thing to say to Tamar, but to the degree that what he said becomes known, it misleads people from understanding that he is personally plotting revenge (13:22, 28).
  23. 2 Samuel 13:21 tc The LXX and part of the Old Latin tradition include the following addition to v. 21, also included in some English versions (e.g., NAB, NRSV, CEV): “But he did not grieve the spirit of Amnon his son, because he loved him, since he was his firstborn.” Note David’s attitude toward his son Adonijah in 1 Kgs 1:6.
  24. 2 Samuel 13:24 tn Heb “your servant has sheepshearers.” The phrase “your servant” also occurs at the end of the verse and is translated as "me".
  25. 2 Samuel 13:25 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Absalom) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  26. 2 Samuel 13:25 tc Here and in v. 27 the translation follows 4QSama ויפצר (vayyiftsar, “and he pressed”) rather than the MT וַיִּפְרָץ (vayyifrats, “and he broke through”). This emended reading seems also to underlie the translations of the LXX (καὶ ἐβιάσατο, kai ebiasato), the Syriac Peshitta (weʾalseh), and Vulgate (cogeret eum).
  27. 2 Samuel 13:25 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the king) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  28. 2 Samuel 13:25 tn Heb “he”; the referent (David) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  29. 2 Samuel 13:26 tn Heb “and not.”
  30. 2 Samuel 13:28 tn Heb “when good is the heart of Amnon with wine.”
  31. 2 Samuel 13:28 tn Heb “and become sons of valor.”
  32. 2 Samuel 13:32 tn Heb “it was placed on the mouth of Absalom.”
  33. 2 Samuel 13:32 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Amnon) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  34. 2 Samuel 13:34 tn Heb “behind him.”
  35. 2 Samuel 13:36 tn Heb “and they lifted their voice and wept.”
  36. 2 Samuel 13:36 tn Heb “with a great weeping.”
  37. 2 Samuel 13:37 tc The Hebrew text leaves the word “David” to be inferred. The Syriac Peshitta and Vulgate add the word “David.” Most of the Greek tradition includes the words “King David” here.
  38. 2 Samuel 13:39 tc The translation follows 4QSama in reading רוּחַ הַמֶּלֶךְ (ruakh hammelekh, “the spirit of the king”) rather than the MT דָּוִד הַמֶּלֶךְ (david hammelekh, “David the king”). The understanding reflected in the translation above is that David, though alienated during this time from his son Absalom, still had an abiding love and concern for him. He longed for reconciliation with him. A rather different interpretation of the verse supposes that David’s interest in taking military action against Absalom grew slack with the passing of time, and this in turn enabled David’s advisers to encourage him toward reconciliation with Absalom. For the latter view, see P. K. McCarter, II Samuel (AB), 344, and cf. CEV.
  39. 2 Samuel 13:39 tn Heb “was consoled over Amnon, because he was dead.”
New English Translation (NET)

NET Bible® copyright ©1996-2017 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. http://netbible.com All rights reserved.

John 17

Jesus Prays for the Father to Glorify Him

17 When Jesus had finished saying these things, he looked upward[a] to heaven[b] and said, “Father, the time[c] has come. Glorify your Son, so that your[d] Son may glorify you— just as you have given him authority over all humanity,[e] so that he may give eternal life to everyone you have given him.[f] Now this[g] is eternal life[h]—that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ,[i] whom you sent. I glorified you on earth by completing[j] the work you gave me to do.[k] And now, Father, glorify me at your side[l] with the glory I had with you before the world was created.[m]

Jesus Prays for the Disciples

“I have revealed[n] your name[o] to the men[p] you gave me out of the world. They belonged to you,[q] and you gave them to me, and they have obeyed[r] your word. Now they understand[s] that everything[t] you have given me comes from you, because I have given them the words you have given me. They[u] accepted[v] them[w] and really[x] understand[y] that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. I am praying[z] on behalf of them. I am not praying[aa] on behalf of the world, but on behalf of those you have given me, because they belong to you.[ab] 10 Everything[ac] I have belongs to you,[ad] and everything you have belongs to me,[ae] and I have been glorified by them.[af] 11 I[ag] am no longer in the world, but[ah] they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them safe[ai] in your name[aj] that you have given me, so that they may be one just as we are one.[ak] 12 When I was with them I kept them safe[al] and watched over them[am] in your name[an] that you have given me. Not one[ao] of them was lost except the one destined for destruction,[ap] so that the scripture could be fulfilled.[aq] 13 But now I am coming to you, and I am saying these things in the world, so they may experience[ar] my joy completed[as] in themselves. 14 I have given them your word,[at] and the world has hated them, because they do not belong to the world,[au] just as I do not belong to the world.[av] 15 I am not asking you to take them out of the world, but that you keep them safe[aw] from the evil one.[ax] 16 They do not belong to the world[ay] just as I do not belong to the world.[az] 17 Set them apart[ba] in the truth; your word is truth. 18 Just as you sent me into the world, so I sent them into the world.[bb] 19 And I set myself apart[bc] on their behalf,[bd] so that they too may be truly set apart.[be]

Jesus Prays for Believers Everywhere

20 “I am not praying[bf] only on their behalf, but also on behalf of those who believe[bg] in me through their testimony,[bh] 21 that they will all be one, just as you, Father, are in me and I am in you. I pray[bi] that they will be in us, so that the world will believe that you sent me. 22 The glory[bj] you gave to me I have given to them, that they may be one just as we are one— 23 I in them and you in me—that they may be completely one,[bk] so that the world will know that you sent me, and you have loved them just as you have loved me.

24 “Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am,[bl] so that they can see my glory that you gave me because you loved me before the creation of the world[bm] . 25 Righteous Father, even if the world does not know you, I know you, and these men[bn] know that you sent me. 26 I made known your name[bo] to them, and I will continue to make it known,[bp] so that the love you have loved me with may be in them, and I may be in them.”


  1. John 17:1 tn Grk “he raised his eyes” (an idiom).sn Jesus also looked upward before his prayer in John 11:41. This was probably a common posture in prayer. According to the parable in Luke 18:13 the tax collector did not feel himself worthy to do this.
  2. John 17:1 tn Or “to the sky.” The Greek word οὐρανός (ouranos) may be translated “sky” or “heaven” depending on the context.
  3. John 17:1 tn Grk “the hour.”sn The time has come. Jesus has said before that his “hour” had come, both in 12:23 when some Greeks sought to speak with him, and in 13:1 where just before he washed the disciples’ feet. It appears best to understand the “hour” as a period of time starting at the end of Jesus’ public ministry and extending through the passion week, ending with Jesus’ return to the Father through death, resurrection, and exaltation. The “hour” begins as soon as the first events occur which begin the process that leads to Jesus’ death.
  4. John 17:1 tc The better witnesses (א B C* W 0109 0301) have “the Son” (ὁ υἱός, ho huios) here, while the majority (C3 L Ψ ƒ13 33 M) read “your Son also” (καὶ ὁ υἱὸς σου, kai ho huios sou), or “your Son” (ὁ υἱὸς σου; A D Θ 0250 1 579 lat sy); the second corrector of C has καὶ ὁ υἱός (“the Son also”). The longer readings appear to be predictable scribal expansions and as such should be considered secondary.tn Grk “the Son”; “your” has been added here for English stylistic reasons.
  5. John 17:2 tn Or “all people”; Grk “all flesh.”
  6. John 17:2 tn Grk “so that to everyone whom you have given to him, he may give to them eternal life.”
  7. John 17:3 tn Using αὕτη δέ (hautē de) to introduce an explanation is typical Johannine style; it was used before in John 1:19; 3:19, and 15:12.
  8. John 17:3 sn This is eternal life. The author here defines eternal life for the readers, although it is worked into the prayer in such a way that many interpreters do not regard it as another of the author’s parenthetical comments. It is not just unending life in the sense of prolonged duration. Rather it is a quality of life, with its quality derived from a relationship with God. Having eternal life is here defined as being in relationship with the Father, the one true God, and Jesus Christ whom the Father sent. Christ (Χριστός, Christos) is not characteristically attached to Jesus’ name in John’s Gospel; it occurs elsewhere primarily as a title and is used with Jesus’ name only in 1:17. But that is connected to its use here: The statement here in 17:3 enables us to correlate the statement made in 1:18 of the prologue, that Jesus has fully revealed what God is like, with Jesus’ statement in 10:10 that he has come that people might have life, and have it abundantly. These two purposes are really one, according to 17:3, because (abundant) eternal life is defined as knowing (being in relationship with) the Father and the Son. The only way to gain this eternal life, that is, to obtain this knowledge of the Father, is through the Son (cf. 14:6). Although some have pointed to the use of know (γινώσκω, ginōskō) here as evidence of Gnostic influence in the Fourth Gospel, there is a crucial difference: For John this knowledge is not intellectual, but relational. It involves being in relationship.
  9. John 17:3 tn Or “and Jesus the Messiah” (Both Greek “Christ” and Hebrew and Aramaic “Messiah” mean “one who has been anointed”).
  10. John 17:4 tn Or “by finishing” or “by accomplishing.” Jesus now states that he has glorified the Father on earth by finishing (τελειώσας [teleiōsas] is best understood as an adverbial participle of means) the work which the Father had given him to do.sn By completing the work. The idea of Jesus being sent into the world on a mission has been mentioned before, significantly in 3:17. It was even alluded to in the immediately preceding verse here (17:3). The completion of the “work” the Father had sent him to accomplish was mentioned by Jesus in 4:34 and 5:36. What is the nature of the “work” the Father has given the Son to accomplish? It involves the Son’s mission to be the Savior of the world, as 3:17 indicates. But this is accomplished specifically through Jesus’ sacrificial death on the cross (a thought implied by the reference to the Father “giving” the Son in 3:16). It is not without significance that Jesus’ last word from the cross is “It is completed” (19:30).
  11. John 17:4 tn Grk “the work that you gave to me so that I may do it.”
  12. John 17:5 tn Or “in your presence”; Grk “with yourself.” The use of παρά (para) twice in this verse looks back to the assertion in John 1:1 that the Word (the Λόγος [Logos], who became Jesus of Nazareth in 1:14) was with God (πρὸς τὸν θεόν, pros ton theon). Whatever else may be said, the statement in 17:5 strongly asserts the preexistence of Jesus Christ.
  13. John 17:5 tn Grk “before the world was.” The word “created” is not in the Greek text but is implied.sn It is important to note that although Jesus prayed for a return to the glory he had at the Father’s side before the world was created, he was not praying for a “de-incarnation.” His humanity which he took on at the incarnation (John 1:14) remains, though now glorified.
  14. John 17:6 tn Or “made known,” “disclosed.”
  15. John 17:6 sn Mention of the Father’s name occurs again in 17:11, 12, 26, but not often elsewhere in the Gospel of John (only in 5:43; 10:25; 12:28). In one sense the name represents the person (cf. John 1:12) and thus Jesus by saying that he has revealed the Father’s name is saying that he has fully revealed who God is and what he is like (cf. John 1:18; 14:9). But there is probably a further meaning as well in John’s Gospel: Jesus himself is identified with God repeatedly (10:30; 14:11, etc.) and nowhere is this more apparent than in Jesus’ absolute uses of the phrase “I am” without a predicate (8:24, 28, 58; 13:19). The name of the Father which Jesus has revealed to his disciples is thus the divine Name revealed to Moses in Exod 3:14 (R. E. Brown, John [AB], 2:755-56). See also Isa 62:2; 65:15-16.
  16. John 17:6 tn Here “men” is retained as a translation for ἀνθρώποις (anthrōpois) rather than the more generic “people” because in context it specifically refers to the eleven men Jesus had chosen as apostles (Judas had already departed, John 13:30). If one understands the referent here to be the broader group of Jesus’ followers that included both men and women, a translation like “to the people” should be used here instead.
  17. John 17:6 tn Grk “Yours they were.”
  18. John 17:6 tn Or “have kept.”
  19. John 17:7 tn Or “they have come to know,” or “they have learned.”
  20. John 17:7 tn Grk “all things.”
  21. John 17:8 tn Grk And they.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.
  22. John 17:8 tn Or “received.”
  23. John 17:8 tn The word “them” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.
  24. John 17:8 tn Or “truly.”
  25. John 17:8 tn Or have come to know.”
  26. John 17:9 tn Grk “I am asking.”
  27. John 17:9 tn Grk “I am not asking.”
  28. John 17:9 tn Or “because they are yours.”
  29. John 17:10 tn Grk And all things.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.
  30. John 17:10 tn Or “Everything I have is yours.”
  31. John 17:10 tn Or “everything you have is mine.”
  32. John 17:10 tn Or “I have been honored among them.”sn The theme of glory with which Jesus began this prayer in 17:1-5 now recurs. Jesus said that he had been glorified by his disciples, but in what sense was this true? Jesus had manifested his glory to them in all of the sign-miracles which he had performed, beginning with the miracle at the wedding feast in Cana (2:11). He could now say that he had been glorified by them in the light of what he had already said in vv. 7-8, that the disciples had come to know that he had come from the Father and been sent by the Father. He would, of course, be glorified by them further after the resurrection, as they carried on his ministry after his departure.
  33. John 17:11 tn Grk And I.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.
  34. John 17:11 tn The context indicates that this should be translated as an adversative or contrastive conjunction.
  35. John 17:11 tn Or “protect them”; Grk “keep them.”
  36. John 17:11 tn Or “by your name.”sn See the note on name in John 17:6.
  37. John 17:11 tn The second repetition of “one” is implied, and is supplied here for clarity.
  38. John 17:12 tn Or “I protected them”; Grk “I kept them.”
  39. John 17:12 tn Grk “and guarded them.”
  40. John 17:12 tn Or “by your name.”
  41. John 17:12 tn Grk And not one.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.
  42. John 17:12 tn Grk “the son of destruction” (a Semitic idiom for one appointed for destruction; here it is a reference to Judas).sn The one destined to destruction refers to Judas. Clearly in John’s Gospel Judas is portrayed as a tool of Satan. He is described as “the devil” in 6:70. In 13:2 Satan put into Judas’ heart the idea of betraying Jesus, and 13:27 Satan himself entered Judas. Immediately after this Judas left the company of Jesus and the other disciples and went out into the realm of darkness (13:30). Cf. 2 Thess 2:3, where this same Greek phrase (“the son of destruction”; see tn above) is used to describe the man through whom Satan acts to rebel against God in the last days.
  43. John 17:12 sn A possible allusion to Ps 41:9 or Prov 24:22 LXX. The exact passage is not specified here, but in John 13:18, Ps 41:9 is explicitly quoted by Jesus with reference to the traitor, suggesting that this is the passage to which Jesus refers here. The previous mention of Ps 41:9 in John 13:18 probably explains why the author felt no need for an explanatory parenthetical note here. It is also possible that the passage referred to here is Prov 24:22 LXX, where in the Greek text the phrase “son of destruction” appears.
  44. John 17:13 tn Grk “they may have.”
  45. John 17:13 tn Or “fulfilled.”
  46. John 17:14 tn Or “your message.”
  47. John 17:14 tn Grk “because they are not of the world.”
  48. John 17:14 tn Grk “just as I am not of the world.”
  49. John 17:15 tn Or “that you protect them”; Grk “that you keep them.”
  50. John 17:15 tn The phrase “the evil one” is a reference to Satan. The genitive substantival adjective τοῦ πονηροῦ (tou ponērou) is ambiguous with regard to gender: It may represent the neuter τὸ πονηρόν (to ponēron), “that which is evil,” or the masculine ὁ πονηρός (ho ponēros), “the evil one,” i.e., Satan. In view of the frequent use of the masculine in 1 John 2:13-14; 3:12, and 5:18-19 it seems much more probable that the masculine is to be understood here, and that Jesus is praying for his disciples to be protected from Satan. Cf. BDAG 851 s.v. πονηρός 1.b.β and 1.b.γ.
  51. John 17:16 tn Grk “they are not of the world.” This is a repetition of the second half of v. 14. The only difference is in word order: Verse 14 has οὐκ εἰσὶν ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου (ouk eisin ek tou kosmou), while here the prepositional phrase is stated first: ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου οὐκ εἰσίν (ek tou kosmou ouk eisin). This gives additional emphasis to the idea of the prepositional phrase, i.e., origin, source, or affiliation.
  52. John 17:16 tn Grk “just as I am not of the world.”
  53. John 17:17 tn Or “Consecrate them” or “Sanctify them.”sn The Greek word translated set…apart (ἁγιάζω, hagiazō) is used here in its normal sense of being dedicated, consecrated, or set apart. The sphere in which the disciples are to be set apart is in the truth. In 3:21 the idea of “practicing” (Grk “doing”) the truth was introduced; in 8:32 Jesus told some of his hearers that if they continued in his word they would truly be his disciples, and would know the truth, and the truth would make them free. These disciples who are with Jesus now for the Farewell Discourse have continued in his word (except for Judas Iscariot, who has departed), and they do know the truth about who Jesus is and why he has come into the world (17:8). Thus Jesus can ask the Father to set them apart in this truth as he himself is set apart, so that they might carry on his mission in the world after his departure (note the following verse).
  54. John 17:18 sn Jesus now compared the mission on which he was sending the disciples to his own mission into the world, on which he was sent by the Father. As the Father sent Jesus into the world (cf. 3:17), so Jesus now sends the disciples into the world to continue his mission after his departure. The nature of this prayer for the disciples as a consecratory prayer is now emerging: Jesus was setting them apart for the work he had called them to do. They were, in a sense, being commissioned.
  55. John 17:19 tn Or “I sanctify.”sn In what sense does Jesus refer to his own ‘sanctification’ with the phrase I set myself apart? In 10:36 Jesus referred to himself as “the one whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world,” which seems to look at something already accomplished. Here, however, it is something he does on behalf of the disciples (on their behalf) and this suggests a reference to his impending death on the cross. There is in fact a Johannine wordplay here based on slightly different meanings for the Greek verb translated set apart (ἁγιάζω, hagiazō). In the sense it was used in 10:36 of Jesus and in 17:17 and here to refer to the disciples, it means to set apart in the sense that prophets (cf. Jer 1:5) and priests (Exod 40:13, Lev 8:30, and 2 Chr 5:11) were consecrated (or set apart) to perform their tasks. But when Jesus speaks of setting himself apart (consecrating or dedicating himself) on behalf of the disciples here in 17:19 the meaning is closer to the consecration of a sacrificial animal (Deut 15:19). Jesus is “setting himself apart,” i.e., dedicating himself, to do the will of the Father, that is, to go to the cross on the disciples’ behalf (and of course on behalf of their successors as well).
  56. John 17:19 tn Or “for their sake.”
  57. John 17:19 tn Or “they may be truly consecrated,” or “they may be truly sanctified.”
  58. John 17:20 tn Or “I do not pray.”
  59. John 17:20 tn Although πιστευόντων (pisteuontōn) is a present participle, it must in context carry futuristic force. The disciples whom Jesus is leaving behind will carry on his ministry and in doing so will see others come to trust in him. This will include not only Jewish Christians, but other Gentile Christians who are “not of this fold” (10:16), and thus Jesus’ prayer for unity is especially appropriate in light of the probability that most of the readers of the Gospel are Gentiles (much as Paul stresses unity between Jewish and Gentile Christians in Eph 2:10-22).
  60. John 17:20 tn Grk “their word.”
  61. John 17:21 tn The words “I pray” are repeated from the first part of v. 20 for clarity.
  62. John 17:22 tn Grk And the glory.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.
  63. John 17:23 tn Or “completely unified.”
  64. John 17:24 tn Grk “the ones you have given me, I want these to be where I am with me.”
  65. John 17:24 tn Grk “before the foundation of the world.”
  66. John 17:25 tn The word “men” is not in the Greek text but is implied. The translation uses the word “men” here rather than a more general term like “people” because the use of the aorist verb ἔγνωσαν (egnōsan) implies that Jesus is referring to the disciples present with him as he spoke these words (presumably all of them men in the historical context), rather than to those who are yet to believe because of their testimony (see John 17:20).
  67. John 17:26 sn The theme of the revelation of the Father’s name is picked up from John 17:6 and refers to Jesus’ revelation of the divine Name of Exod 3:14 in his person (see additional discussion at 17:6).
  68. John 17:26 tn The translation “will continue to make it known” is proposed by R. E. Brown (John [AB], 2:773).
New English Translation (NET)

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Psalm 119:81-96

כ (Kaf)

81 I desperately long for[a] your deliverance.
I find hope in your word.
82 My eyes grow tired as I wait for your promise to be fulfilled.[b]
I say,[c] “When will you comfort me?”
83 For[d] I am like a wineskin[e] dried up in smoke.[f]
I do not forget your statutes.
84 How long must your servant endure this?[g]
When will you judge those who pursue me?
85 The arrogant dig pits to trap me,[h]
which violates your law.[i]
86 All your commands are reliable.
I am pursued without reason.[j] Help me!
87 They have almost destroyed me here on the earth,
but I do not reject your precepts.
88 Revive me with[k] your loyal love,
that I might keep[l] the rules you have revealed.[m]

ל (Lamed)

89 O Lord, your instructions endure;
they stand secure in heaven.[n]
90 You demonstrate your faithfulness to all generations.[o]
You established the earth and it stood firm.
91 Today they stand firm by your decrees,
for all things are your servants.
92 If I had not found encouragement in your law,[p]
I would have died in my sorrow.[q]
93 I will never forget your precepts,
for by them you have revived me.
94 I belong to you. Deliver me!
For I seek your precepts.
95 The wicked prepare to kill me,[r]
yet I concentrate on your rules.
96 I realize that everything has its limits,
but your commands are beyond full comprehension.[s]


  1. Psalm 119:81 tn Heb “my soul pines for.” See Ps 84:2.
  2. Psalm 119:82 tn Heb “my eyes fail for your word.” The psalmist has intently kept his eyes open, looking for God to intervene, but now his eyes are watery and bloodshot, impairing his vision. See Ps 69:3.
  3. Psalm 119:82 tn Heb “saying.”
  4. Psalm 119:83 tn Or “even though.”
  5. Psalm 119:83 tn The Hebrew word נֹאד (noʾd, “leather container”) refers to a container made from animal skin which is used to hold wine or milk (see Josh 9:4, 13; Judg 4:19; 1 Sam 16:20).
  6. Psalm 119:83 tn Heb “in the smoke.”
  7. Psalm 119:84 tn Heb “How long are the days of your servant?”
  8. Psalm 119:85 tn Heb “for me.”
  9. Psalm 119:85 tn Heb “which [is] not according to your law.”
  10. Psalm 119:86 sn God’s commands are a reliable guide to right and wrong. By keeping them the psalmist is doing what is right, yet he is still persecuted.
  11. Psalm 119:88 tn Heb “according to.”
  12. Psalm 119:88 tn The cohortative verbal form with vav (ו) conjunctive indicates purpose/result after the preceding imperative.
  13. Psalm 119:88 tn Heb “of your mouth.”
  14. Psalm 119:89 tn Heb “Forever, O Lord, your word stands firm in heaven,” or “Forever, O Lord, [is] your word; it stands firm in heaven.” The translation assumes that “your word” refers here to the body of divine instructions contained in the law (note the frequent references to the law in vv. 92-96). See vv. 9, 16-17, 57, 101, 105, 130, 139 and 160-61. The reference in v. 86 to God’s law being faithful favors this interpretation. Another option is that “your word” refers to God’s assuring word of promise, mentioned in vv. 25, 28, 42, 65, 74, 81, 107, 114, 147 and 169. In this case one might translate, “O Lord, your promise is reliable, it stands firm in heaven.”
  15. Psalm 119:90 tn Heb “to a generation and a generation [is] your faithfulness.”
  16. Psalm 119:92 tn Heb “if your law had not been my delight.”
  17. Psalm 119:92 tn Or “my suffering.”
  18. Psalm 119:95 tn Heb “the wicked wait for me to kill me.”
  19. Psalm 119:96 tn Heb “to every perfection I have seen an end, your command is very wide.” God’s law is beyond full comprehension, which is why the psalmist continually studies it (vv. 95, 97).
New English Translation (NET)

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Proverbs 16:6-7

Through loyal love and truth[a] iniquity is appeased;[b]
through fearing the Lord[c] one avoids[d] evil.[e]
When a person’s[f] ways are pleasing to the Lord,[g]
he[h] even reconciles his enemies to himself.[i]


  1. Proverbs 16:6 sn These two words are often found together to form a nominal hendiadys: “faithful loyal love.” The couplet often characterizes the Lord, but here in parallel to the fear of the Lord it refers to the faithfulness of the believer. Such faith and faithfulness bring atonement for sin.
  2. Proverbs 16:6 tn Heb “is atoned”; KJV “is purged”; NAB “is expiated.” The verb is from I כָּפַר (kafar, “to atone; to expiate; to pacify; to appease”; HALOT 493-94 s.v. I כפר). This root should not be confused with the identically spelled Homonym II כָּפַר (kafar, “to cover over”; HALOT 494 s.v. II *כפר). Atonement in the OT expiated sins, it did not merely cover them over (cf. NLT). C. H. Toy explains the meaning by saying it affirms that the divine anger against sin is turned away and man’s relation to God is as though he had not sinned (Proverbs [ICC], 322). Genuine repentance, demonstrated by loyalty and truthfulness, appeases the anger of God against one’s sin.
  3. Proverbs 16:6 tn Heb “fear of the Lord.” The term יְהוָה (yehvah, “the Lord”) functions as an objective genitive: “fearing the Lord.”
  4. Proverbs 16:6 tn Heb “turns away from”; NASB “keeps away from.”
  5. Proverbs 16:6 sn The Hebrew word translated “evil” (רַע, raʿ) can in some contexts mean “calamity” or “disaster,” but here it seems more likely to mean “evil” in the sense of sin. Faithfulness to the Lord brings freedom from sin. The verse uses synonymous parallelism with a variant: One half speaks of atonement for sin because of the life of faith, and the other of avoidance of sin because of the fear of the Lord.
  6. Proverbs 16:7 tn Heb “ways of a man.”
  7. Proverbs 16:7 tn The first line uses an infinitive in a temporal clause, followed by its subject in the genitive case: “in the taking pleasure of the Lord” = “when the Lord is pleased with.” So the condition set down for the second colon is a lifestyle that is pleasing to God.
  8. Proverbs 16:7 tn The referent of the verb in the second colon is unclear. The straightforward answer is that it refers to the person whose ways please the Lord—it is his lifestyle that disarms his enemies. W. McKane comments that the righteous have the power to mend relationships (Proverbs [OTL], 491); see, e.g., 10:13; 14:9; 15:1; 25:21-22). The life that is pleasing to God will be above reproach and find favor with others. Some would interpret this to mean that God makes his enemies to be at peace with him (cf. KJV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NLT). This is workable, but in this passage it would seem God would do this through the pleasing life of the believer (cf. NCV, TEV, CEV).
  9. Proverbs 16:7 tn Heb “even his enemies he makes to be at peace with him.”
New English Translation (NET)

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5/27/2022 DAB Transcript

2 Samuel 12:1-31, John 16:1-33, Psalm 119:65-80, Proverbs 16:4-5

Today is the 27th day of May, welcome to the Daily Audio Bible. I’m Brian. It is great to be here with you today, as we close in on another week and for that matter closing in on another month. But we are where we are and today is the 27th day of May and our next step forward, which is what we do every day, will take us back into the book of second Samuel, where we have seen a sharp turn in the life of David, who has been a man of character and integrity before the people and before God. He’s now the king of Israel and has done some horrible, horrible things: adultery, murder, cover-up, conspiracy, just the whole 9 yards. Bathsheba is now the wife of King David because he had her husband who was a loyal, very loyal elite warrior Uriah the Hittite, has been killed in battle on purpose. And so, let’s see where the story takes us. Today, second Samuel chapter 12.


Okay so, in the book of second Samuel, we see that a shift has indeed taken place in David’s life. The prophet Nathan comes to him, tells him a story about a poor man who had only one sheep and that sheep was taken by a rich person and cooked and eaten, just so he didn’t have to provide food for a traveling guest. David was incensed and furious and this person should die and the whole time, Nathan is describing, metaphorically, what David has done. And so, the payoff line there is when Nathan says, you are that man and that hits David between the eyes and squarely in the heart and he gets a glimpse of how far he has slid, how far he has fallen, and he is told that he won’t experience the kind of peace that he had before. And that turmoil would come from within his own house. So, this is a big shift indeed and will watch as this unfolds in the coming days.

And then when we turn the page into the New Testament and back into the book of John, the Gospel of John and we are kind of rounding the corner on the Gospels themselves. Jesus is talking to his friends, having His final discussion with them. Telling them that He’s going to be leaving, which He has been telling them all along, and they’re confused about it, as they’ve been all along. And He tells them something kind of strange. He says, it’s to your advantage that I go, and you can’t, really, I can’t anyway, wrap my mind around, if I’m one of those disciples, how that in anyway sounds like good news, that He’s going be gone and where He’s going, I can’t go and I won’t be able to see Him anymore, I would be confused. And so, they probably had some confusion and then what happened over the course of the next couple of days, had to just break their hearts and crush them completely. But Jesus is here in this last time with them, saying these last words and telling them it’s actually a good thing, it’s to your advantage because if I go away, then I will send the Advocate to you, the Spirit of truth. This is really remarkable because if there is an accuser, which is a way that the evil one is described in the Scriptures, an accuser, then an advocate is a defender. So, if there’s a prosecutor, then there’s a defender, and this Defender, this Spirit of truth, this Advocate, is coming because Jesus is returning to the Father. And so, He’s explaining to them why this is good news, but you still have to think that they were, well, I just put myself in that position and I’m not sure I can get my mind around it, being good news, that Jesus, the one that I gave up everything to follow, I’m not gonna, He’s gonna be gone, I’m not gonna see Him anymore. But this, in a way, is where Jesus explained, it is, beginning to explain the changes that are to come. They won’t be able to see Him but He won’t be absent. They won’t be able to see Him but the Spirit of truth, the Advocate will come and always be available, to all of His family, all who believe. Which means that geography right, like, physicality isn’t the important thing anymore, the Spirit of truth is located in the hearts of believers all over the world. We carry it together if we’re listening. And so, Jesus then goes on to say but when He, the Spirit of truth comes, He will guide you into all truth. That is something Jesus promises and that is something that we ask for regularly here, as we move through the Scriptures is that, the Spirit would lead us into all truth, as we devote ourselves to the Scriptures and understanding what God is saying to us through them. But it seems like Jesus, as He has been doing, but more intentionally now since this is their last conversation in total freedom, is planting within them that a shift is happening, it’s gonna look different but He isn’t going to abandon them. And we will certainly continue with the story that is unfolding in the Gospel of John, as we push toward the end of the Gospels, for our adventure this year.


And, Jesus, we love You, we thank You for this example that we have in the pages of the Gospels, we thank You for Your work on our behalf, Your love that is beyond description, Your sacrifice, that is beyond our understanding, Your rescue of our very selves, our souls and our forever, so that we might be with You and we thank You that you promised to send the Spirit of truth. And we thank you, Holy Spirit that You lead and guide us, correct and reprove, discipline us, encourage us, comfort us, lead us, and we open ourselves to Your authority and Your leadership and ask that You lead us into all truth. We ask this in the name of Jesus, who told us that this was going to happen. And we thank You for Your patience and kindness in leading us, because we know we can be as stiff-necked as we have seen in the Scriptures. We can be that way too. And You have been patient with us. We ask for Your continued guidance in our lives and that we would have the discipline to slow down and listen and obey. We pray this in the mighty and majestic name of our Savior Jesus. Amen.


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Prayer and Encouragements:

Hey DAB family this is Zac from Phoenix, it’s May 23rd and I just got done listening to Ethan’s prayer request. I want to say that I, like many other people, understand what is to struggle with sin and I hear my brother’s broken heart and just hurting over the sin that he is struggling with. And so, I would like to lift him up in prayer today and just ask God to be with him. Lord God, I want to lift up my brother Ethan. I hear his…his pain and his brokenness over his sin. And Lord, I intercede on his behalf. And I ask Lord, that You would deliver him from this sin. Lord, You say that You are the God who heals, You are the God who restores. And Lord, thank You so much for not leaving us in our broken state. Lord God, I ask that You would help Ethan identify the lies that the enemy is using to initiate the sin. Lord God, You heal the pain and the wounds that have been caused by this sin and what…what started this sin. Lord God, I ask that You would deliver him, fully and completely, so that his life would become a testimony to You of Your miraculous healing and restoration. Lord, I thank You for everything that You’re doing, all that You have done. It’s in Jesus name I pray. Amen.

Hi neighbors, it’s Lisa the Encourager. I covet your prayers right now. I just found out that my mom, her cancer is terminal and they basically gave her two months. So, I just really covet your prayers right now. And I would appreciate you lifting me up. Thank you so much. I love you all, bye.

Hey DABers, this is Bill, actually, I left a message a few months back. And let you all know that I just got out of prison in March, this past, few months back. And anyway, I just want ya’ll to pray for me, you can call me Billy or Bill, that’s fine. I’m just needing ya’lls prayer. I have a court date on June 9th and I’m supposed to be going to. I’m praying the Lord would work a miracle, that I don’t have to go. It should have already been taken care of back in 2017 and apparently, it hadn’t been and so, ya’ll please pray for me and intercede on my behalf. I’m doing my best to live righteous and love the Lord and love my neighbors, love ya’ll and encourage ya’ll today, so ya’ll just do your best. I thank you Brian Hardin, thanks so much for your ministry. Bless your wife Jill and your daughter China and your son, little E and Maxwell and all your family. Bless ya’ll. Thank you so much Blind Tony for your beautiful rhymes. Thanks for just all the prayer requests and intercessory prayer that ya’ll have for us, we’re a family. God’s using us in a mighty way to change this world for His glory and for our souls to be saved. I heard a lady talk today about her daughter that got beat up, I’m praying for her. I pray for the youth, just for their hearts to be changed, not to laugh about that stuff, that stuff is so demonic. I just got done doing a 45-day DOC, they call it DOC here in Alabama. I went to see my children; they live in Florida and I crossed the border. I live in Alabama and I crossed the border without permission from my parole officer and so I had to do a 45-day DOC. That’s why you haven’t heard anything from me in the past few months. But listen up, God is good, I got to witness to this men in there, they need Jesus really bad. And there in there smoking dope and doing things that are just, you know, ungodly. And just not trying to even hear the Gospel but I was in there faithfully reading the word, praying for them. Ya’ll pray for little D, cause he’s a little nasty. And he’s 23 years old and he’s lost, he needs Jesus really bad. He’s just really addicted to marijuana and just, he needs, he got shot 13 times ya’ll and he survived and he’s still living like the Devil. So, ya’ll please pray for little D.

Hello DAB family, this is Brother’s Keeper from North Georgia. I haven’t called in, probably around little over four years, going through a lot of stuff. I listen to this every day, I have for a long time and lost my brother, which was my best friend, right at about four years ago. And I was doing really good at being in the faith for, going on, 27 years and did really good until I lost my brother. And somewhere along, over the last four years, from losing him, working side-by-side with him my entire life, did the same type of work, worked the same places. The, finally came back to the faith about three years ago, about four, right before four years ago. And made things right with God and that He just kind of faded away and then he was gone before I knew it. And I just was not prepared to handle it, it has really affected me in a negative way. I have tried to since recover and I’m struggling. I know where I stand with God and everything, I’m faithful in every way that I know how to be. But for some reason, I feel like, when my brother passed away, that apart of me is gone. And I don’t know at this point, I don’t know how to get that back. And I finally tonight, surrendered my heart back to Christ, on my knees in prayer, begging and just weeping before God and I feel better. But that’s mainly because of the encouragement I hear from you guys on a daily basis. So, thank you for that. Please pray for me. This is Brother’s Keeper from North Georgia, struggling but still going, in the name of Jesus.

Good morning DABers, this is Age of Grace from Kentucky. I want to lift up the mom, you called in about your 7th grade daughter and you said that she made some bad friends and now she’s decided that she doesn’t want to be friends with these people anymore because they’re a bad influence in her life. And now she’s being bullied. Heavenly Father, I just lift up this situation. Lord, I know how much pressure these children are under, Father God, at such a young age and my heart breaks for them, Father. And I just pray that all of our hearts break for these children. That You will put people in their lives that will love them and be there for them. And God, that we will literally come around them as warriors, ready to defend and protect them. God, to protect their honor, to protect their integrity, to pray for them. Lord, I just pray for their hearts and their minds God. I pray against every fiery dart and I just pray God, that the right people will come into this 7th graders life. Lord, I pray against any thoughts of harm or suicide. And Lord, I just pray that you heap sorrow on the heads of her aggressors of these kids that are bullying her, the one that has decided to beat her up. And also, the ones that have stood by and watched as she’s being ridiculed and hurt. And I just pray God, against that evil. This same evil that, the same evil that allowed Jesus to be hit, spat on, beaten to death, hung on the cross for our sins. We pray against that sinful nature, Father God. And we just lift up this baby girl.    

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday May 27, 2022 (NIV)

2 Samuel 12

Nathan the Prophet Confronts David

12 So the Lord sent Nathan[a] to David. When he came to David,[b] Nathan[c] said,[d] “There were two men in a certain city, one rich and the other poor. The rich man had a great many flocks and herds. But the poor man had nothing except for a little lamb he had acquired. He raised it, and it grew up alongside him and his children.[e] It used to[f] eat his food,[g] drink from his cup, and sleep in his arms.[h] It was just like a daughter to him.

“When a traveler arrived at the rich man’s home,[i] he did not want to use one of his own sheep or cattle to feed[j] the traveler who had come to visit him.[k] Instead, he took the poor man’s lamb and cooked[l] it for the man who had come to visit him.”

Then David became very angry at this man. He said to Nathan, “As surely as the Lord lives, the man who did this deserves to die![m] Because he committed this cold-hearted crime, he must pay for the lamb four times over!”[n]

Nathan said to David, “You are that man! This is what the Lord God of Israel has said: ‘I chose[o] you to be king over Israel and I rescued you from the hand of Saul. I gave you your master’s house, and put your master’s wives into your arms.[p] I also gave you the house of Israel and Judah. And if all that somehow seems insignificant, I would have given you so much more as well! Why have you shown contempt for the Lord’s decrees[q] by doing evil in my[r] sight? You have struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword and you have taken his wife to be your own wife! You have killed him with the sword of the Ammonites. 10 So now the sword will never depart from your house. For you have despised me by taking the wife of Uriah the Hittite as your own!’ 11 This is what the Lord has said: ‘I am about to bring disaster on you[s] from inside your own household![t] Right before your eyes I will take your wives and hand them over to your companion.[u] He will go to bed with[v] your wives in broad daylight![w] 12 Although you have acted in secret, I will do this thing before all Israel, and in broad daylight.’”[x]

13 Then David exclaimed to Nathan, “I have sinned against the Lord!” Nathan replied to David, “Yes, and the Lord has forgiven[y] your sin. You are not going to die. 14 Nonetheless, because you have treated the Lord with such contempt[z] in this matter, the son who has been born to you will certainly die.”

15 Then Nathan went to his home. The Lord struck the child that Uriah’s wife had borne to David, and the child became very ill.[aa] 16 Then David prayed to[ab] God for the child and fasted.[ac] He would even[ad] go and spend the night lying on the ground. 17 The elders of his house stood over him and tried to lift him from the ground, but he was unwilling, and refused to eat food with them.

18 On the seventh day the child died. But the servants of David were afraid to inform him that the child had died, for they said, “While the child was still alive he would not listen to us[ae] when we spoke to him. How can we tell him that the child is dead? He will do himself harm!”[af]

19 When David saw that his servants were whispering to one another, he[ag] realized that the child was dead. So David asked his servants, “Is the child dead?” They replied, “Yes, he’s dead.” 20 So David got up from the ground, bathed, put on oil, and changed his clothes. He went to the house of the Lord and worshiped. Then, when he entered his palace, he requested that food be brought to him, and he ate.

21 His servants said to him, “What is this that you have done? While[ah] the child was still alive, you fasted and wept. Once the child was dead you got up and ate food!” 22 He replied, “While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept because I thought,[ai] ‘Perhaps[aj] the Lord will show pity and the child will live.’ 23 But now he is dead. Why should I fast? Am I able to bring him back at this point? I will go to him, but he cannot return to me!”

24 So David comforted his wife Bathsheba. He came to her[ak] and went to bed with her.[al] Later she gave birth to a son, and David[am] named him Solomon. Now the Lord loved the child[an] 25 and sent word through Nathan the prophet that he should be named Jedidiah[ao] for the Lord’s sake.

David’s Forces Defeat the Ammonites

26 [ap] So Joab fought against Rabbah of the Ammonites and captured the royal city. 27 Joab then sent messengers to David, saying, “I have fought against Rabbah and have captured the water supply of the city.[aq] 28 So now assemble the rest of the army[ar] and besiege the city and capture it. Otherwise I will capture the city and it will be named for me.”

29 So David assembled all the army and went to Rabbah and fought against it and captured it. 30 He took the crown of their king[as] from his head—it was gold, weighed about seventy-five pounds,[at] and held a precious stone—and it was placed on David’s head. He also took from the city a great deal of plunder. 31 He removed[au] the people who were in it and made them labor with saws, iron picks, and iron axes, putting them to work[av] at the brick kiln. This was his policy[aw] with all the Ammonite cities. Then David and all the army returned to Jerusalem.


  1. 2 Samuel 12:1 tc A few medieval Hebrew mss, the LXX, and the Syriac Peshitta add “the prophet.” The words are included in a few modern English version (e.g., TEV, CEV, NLT).
  2. 2 Samuel 12:1 tn Heb “him”; the referent (David) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  3. 2 Samuel 12:1 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Nathan) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  4. 2 Samuel 12:1 tn The Hebrew text repeats “to him.”
  5. 2 Samuel 12:3 tn Heb “his sons.”
  6. 2 Samuel 12:3 tn The three Hebrew imperfect verbal forms in this sentence have a customary nuance; they describe past actions that were repeated or typical.
  7. 2 Samuel 12:3 tn Heb “from his morsel.”
  8. 2 Samuel 12:3 tn Heb “and on his chest [or perhaps, “lap”] it would lie.”
  9. 2 Samuel 12:4 tn Heb “came to the rich man.” In the translation “arrived at the rich man’s home” has been used for stylistic reasons.
  10. 2 Samuel 12:4 tn Heb “and he refused to take from his flock and from his herd to prepare [a meal] for.”
  11. 2 Samuel 12:4 tn Heb “who had come to him” (also a second time later in this verse). The word “visit” has been supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons and for clarity.
  12. 2 Samuel 12:4 tn Heb “and prepared.”
  13. 2 Samuel 12:5 tn Heb “the man doing this [is] a son of death.” See 1 Sam 20:31 for another use of this expression, which must mean “he is as good as dead” or “he deserves to die,” as 1 Sam 20:32 makes clear.
  14. 2 Samuel 12:6 tc With the exception of the Lucianic recension, the Old Greek translation has here “sevenfold” rather than “fourfold,” a reading that S. R. Driver thought probably to be the original reading (S. R. Driver, Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Books of Samuel, 291). However, Exod 22:1 [21:37 HT] specifies fourfold repayment for a stolen sheep, which is consistent with 2 Sam 12:6. Some mss of the Targum and the Syriac Peshitta exaggerate the idea to “fortyfold.”tn Heb “the lamb he must repay fourfold because he did this thing and because he did not have compassion.”
  15. 2 Samuel 12:7 tn Heb “anointed.”
  16. 2 Samuel 12:8 tn Heb “and the wives of your lord into your chest [or “lap”].” The words “I put” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons and for clarification.
  17. 2 Samuel 12:9 tn Or “word, message.” The “word of the Lord” sometimes refers to a prophetic message from God and sometimes to his past revelation. Here it refers to the Lord’s laws which David has violated.
  18. 2 Samuel 12:9 tc So the Qere; the Kethib has “his.”
  19. 2 Samuel 12:11 tn Heb “raise up against you disaster.”
  20. 2 Samuel 12:11 tn Heb “house” (so NAB, NRSV); NCV, TEV, CEV “family.”
  21. 2 Samuel 12:11 tn Or “friend.”
  22. 2 Samuel 12:11 tn Heb “will lie down with.” The verb שָׁכַב (shakhav) “to lie down” can be a euphemism for going to bed for sexual relations.
  23. 2 Samuel 12:11 tn Heb “in the eyes of this sun.”
  24. 2 Samuel 12:12 tn Heb “and before the sun.”
  25. 2 Samuel 12:13 tn Heb “removed.”
  26. 2 Samuel 12:14 tc The MT has here “because you have caused the enemies of the Lord to treat the Lord with such contempt.” This is one of the so-called tiqqune sopherim, or “emendations of the scribes.” According to this ancient tradition, the scribes changed the text in order to soften somewhat the negative light in which David was presented. If that is the case, the MT reflects the altered text. The present translation departs from the MT here. Elsewhere the Piel stem of this verb means “treat with contempt,” but never “cause someone to treat with contempt.”
  27. 2 Samuel 12:15 tn Heb “and the Lord struck the child…and he was ill.” It is necessary to repeat “the child” in the translation to make clear who became ill, since “the Lord struck the child that Uriah’s wife had borne to David, and he became very ill” could be understood to mean that David himself became ill.
  28. 2 Samuel 12:16 tn Heb “sought” or “searched for.”
  29. 2 Samuel 12:16 tn Heb “and David fasted.”
  30. 2 Samuel 12:16 tn The three Hebrew verbs that follow in this verse are perfects with prefixed vav. They may describe repeated past actions or actions which accompanied David’s praying and fasting.
  31. 2 Samuel 12:18 tn Heb “to our voice.”
  32. 2 Samuel 12:18 tn Heb “he will do harm.” The object is not stated in the Hebrew text. The statement may be intentionally vague, meaning that he might harm himself or them!
  33. 2 Samuel 12:19 tn Heb “David.” The name has been replaced in the translation by the pronoun (“he”) for stylistic reasons.
  34. 2 Samuel 12:21 tc For the MT בַּעֲבוּר (baʿavur, “for the sake of”) we should probably read בְּעוֹד (beʿod, “while”). See the Lucianic Greek recension, the Syriac Peshitta, and the Targum.
  35. 2 Samuel 12:22 tn Heb “said.”
  36. 2 Samuel 12:22 tn Heb “Who knows?”
  37. 2 Samuel 12:24 tn The combination of the verb בּוֹא (boʾ; “to come, enter”) and the preposition אֶל (ʾel; “to”) means “to approach, to come to” (HALOT 1:113). This common expression is also used as a euphemism for coming together for sexual relations. Although some take the phrase to be a graphic depiction of a man actions in sexual relations with a woman, certain factors clarify that it is a euphemism. First, the phrase also describes a woman approaching a man for sexual relations (2 Sam 11:4), a situation where this phrase cannot be explicitly descriptive. Second, the phrase is paired here with שָׁכַב (shakhav), “to lie down,” which only makes sense if the two are complementary (compare also Gen 19:33-34 which uses both verbs of Lot’s daughters, but without the preposition). The verb שָׁכַב can imply lying down for sleep or for sexual relations. When בּוֹא אֶל (boʾ ʾel) is used with שָׁכַב (shakhav), they state the natural progression of approaching and then lying with. Hebrew can use the two together, or either separately, as a euphemism for sexual relations. But if the phrase בּוֹא אֶל were already an explicit depiction of sex, then the latter phrase with שָׁכַב, “to lie with,” would be pointless. So 2 Sam 11:4 and 2 Sam 12:24 are important evidence for how this phrase really works, and it is appropriate to also use euphemisms in translation.
  38. 2 Samuel 12:24 tn Heb “and he lay with her.” The phrase is a euphemism for sexual relations.
  39. 2 Samuel 12:24 tc The Kethiv reads “he named” while the Qere reads “she named.”tn Heb “he”; the referent (David) has been specified in the translation for clarity. While some translations render the pronoun as third person plural (“they”), implying that both David and Bathsheba together named the child, it is likely that the name “Solomon,” which is related to the Hebrew word for “peace” (and may be derived from it) had special significance for David, who would have regarded the birth of a second child to Bathsheba as a confirming sign that God had forgiven his sin and was at peace with him.
  40. 2 Samuel 12:24 tn Heb “him,” referring to the child.
  41. 2 Samuel 12:25 sn The name Jedidiah means “loved by the Lord.”
  42. 2 Samuel 12:26 sn Here the narrative resumes the battle story that began in 11:1 (see 11:25). The author has interrupted that story to give the related account of David’s sin with Bathsheba and the murder of Uriah. He now returns to the earlier story and brings it to a conclusion.
  43. 2 Samuel 12:27 sn The expression translated the water supply of the city (Heb “the city of the waters”) apparently refers to that part of the fortified city that guarded the water supply of the entire city. Joab had already captured this part of the city, but he now defers to King David for the capture of the rest of the city. In this way the king will receive the credit for this achievement.
  44. 2 Samuel 12:28 tn Heb “people.” So also in vv. 29, 31.
  45. 2 Samuel 12:30 tn Part of the Greek tradition wrongly understands Hebrew מַלְכָּם (malkam, “their king”) as a proper name (“Milcom”). Some English versions follow the Greek here, rendering the phrase “the crown of Milcom” (so NRSV; cf. also NAB, CEV). TEV takes this as a reference not to the Ammonite king but to “the idol of the Ammonite god Molech.”
  46. 2 Samuel 12:30 tn Heb “and its weight [was] a talent of gold.” The weight of this ornamental crown was approximately 75 lbs (34 kg). See P. K. McCarter, II Samuel (AB), 313.
  47. 2 Samuel 12:31 tn Heb “brought out.”
  48. 2 Samuel 12:31 tnHeb “to pass through.”
  49. 2 Samuel 12:31 tn Heb “and so he would do.”
New English Translation (NET)

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John 16

16 “I have told you all these things so that you will not fall away.[a] They will put you out of[b] the synagogue,[c] yet a time[d] is coming when the one who kills you will think he is offering service to God.[e] They[f] will do these things because they have not known the Father or me.[g] But I have told you these things[h] so that when their time[i] comes, you will remember that I told you about them.[j]

“I did not tell you these things from the beginning because I was with you.[k] But now I am going to the one who sent me,[l] and not one of you is asking me, ‘Where are you going?’[m] Instead your hearts are filled with sadness[n] because I have said these things to you. But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I am going away. For if I do not go away, the Advocate[o] will not come to you, but if I go, I will send him to you. And when he[p] comes, he will prove the world wrong[q] concerning sin and[r] righteousness and[s] judgment— concerning sin, because[t] they do not believe in me;[u] 10 concerning righteousness,[v] because[w] I am going to the Father and you will see me no longer; 11 and concerning judgment,[x] because[y] the ruler of this world[z] has been condemned.[aa]

12 “I have many more things to say to you,[ab] but you cannot bear[ac] them now. 13 But when he,[ad] the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide[ae] you into all truth.[af] For he will not speak on his own authority,[ag] but will speak whatever he hears, and will tell you[ah] what is to come.[ai] 14 He[aj] will glorify me,[ak] because he will receive[al] from me what is mine[am] and will tell it to you.[an] 15 Everything that the Father has is mine; that is why I said the Spirit[ao] will receive from me what is mine[ap] and will tell it to you.[aq] 16 In a little while you[ar] will see me no longer; again after a little while, you[as] will see me.”[at]

17 Then some of his disciples said to one another, “What is the meaning of what he is saying,[au] ‘In a little while you[av] will not see me; again after a little while, you[aw] will see me,’ and, ‘because I am going to the Father’?”[ax] 18 So they kept on repeating,[ay] “What is the meaning of what he says,[az] ‘In a little while’?[ba] We do not understand[bb] what he is talking about.”[bc]

19 Jesus could see[bd] that they wanted to ask him about these things,[be] so[bf] he said to them, “Are you asking[bg] each other about this—that I said, ‘In a little while you[bh] will not see me; again after a little while, you[bi] will see me’? 20 I tell you the solemn truth,[bj] you will weep[bk] and wail,[bl] but the world will rejoice; you will be sad,[bm] but your sadness will turn into[bn] joy. 21 When a woman gives birth, she has distress[bo] because her time[bp] has come, but when her child is born, she no longer remembers the suffering because of her joy that a human being[bq] has been born into the world.[br] 22 So also you have sorrow[bs] now, but I will see you again, and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you.[bt] 23 At that time[bu] you will ask me nothing. I tell you the solemn truth,[bv] whatever you ask the Father in my name he will give you.[bw] 24 Until now you have not asked for anything in my name. Ask and you will receive it,[bx] so that your joy may be complete.

25 “I have told you these things in obscure figures of speech;[by] a time[bz] is coming when I will no longer speak to you in obscure figures, but will tell you[ca] plainly[cb] about the Father. 26 At that time[cc] you will ask in my name, and I do not say[cd] that I will ask the Father on your behalf. 27 For the Father himself loves you, because you have loved me and have believed that I came from God.[ce] 28 I came from the Father and entered into the world, but in turn,[cf] I am leaving the world and going back to the Father.”[cg]

29 His disciples said, “Look, now you are speaking plainly[ch] and not in obscure figures of speech![ci] 30 Now we know that you know everything[cj] and do not need anyone[ck] to ask you anything.[cl] Because of this[cm] we believe that you have come from God.”

31 Jesus replied,[cn] “Do you now believe? 32 Look, a time[co] is coming—and has come—when you will be scattered, each one to his own home,[cp] and I will be left alone.[cq] Yet[cr] I am not alone, because my Father[cs] is with me. 33 I have told you these things so that in me you may have peace. In the world you have trouble and suffering,[ct] but take courage[cu]—I have conquered the world.”[cv]


  1. John 16:1 tn Grk “so that you will not be caused to stumble.” sn In Johannine thought the verb σκανδαλίζω (skandalizō) means to trip up disciples and cause them to fall away from Jesus’ company (John 6:61, 1 John 2:10). Similar usage is found in Didache 16:5, an early Christian writing from around the beginning of the 2nd century a.d. An example of a disciple who falls away is Judas Iscariot. Here and again in 16:4 Jesus gives the purpose for his telling the disciples about coming persecution: He informs them so that when it happens, the disciples will not fall away, which in this context would refer to the confusion and doubt which they would certainly experience when such persecution began. There may have been a tendency for the disciples to expect immediately after Jesus’ victory over death the institution of the messianic kingdom, particularly in light of the turn of events recorded in the early chapters of Acts. Jesus here forestalls such disillusionment for the disciples by letting them know in advance that they will face persecution and even martyrdom as they seek to carry on his mission in the world after his departure. This material has parallels in the Olivet Discourse (Matt 24-25) and the synoptic parallels.
  2. John 16:2 tn Or “expel you from.”
  3. John 16:2 sn See the note on synagogue in 6:59.
  4. John 16:2 tn Grk “an hour.”
  5. John 16:2 sn Jesus now refers not to the time of his return to the Father, as he has frequently done up to this point, but to the disciples’ time of persecution. They will be excommunicated from Jewish synagogues. There will even be a time when those who kill Jesus’ disciples will think that they are offering service to God by putting the disciples to death. Because of the reference to service offered to God, it is almost certain that Jewish opposition is intended here in both cases rather than Jewish opposition in the first instance (putting the disciples out of synagogues) and Roman opposition in the second (putting the disciples to death). Such opposition materializes later and is recorded in Acts: The stoning of Stephen in 7:58-60 and the slaying of James the brother of John by Herod Agrippa I in Acts 12:2-3 are notable examples.
  6. John 16:3 tn Grk “And they.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.
  7. John 16:3 sn Ignorance of Jesus and ignorance of the Father are also linked in 8:19; to know Jesus would be to know the Father also, but since the world does not know Jesus, neither does it know his Father. The world’s ignorance of the Father is also mentioned in 8:55; 15:21, and 17:25.
  8. John 16:4 tn The first half of v. 4 resumes the statement of 16:1, ταῦτα λελάληκα ὑμῖν (tauta lelalēka humin), in a somewhat more positive fashion, omitting the reference to the disciples being caused to stumble.
  9. John 16:4 tn Grk “their hour.”
  10. John 16:4 tn The words “about them” are not in the Greek text, but are implied.
  11. John 16:4 sn This verse serves as a transition between the preceding discussion of the persecutions the disciples will face in the world after the departure of Jesus, and the following discussion concerning the departure of Jesus and the coming of the Spirit-Paraclete. Jesus had not told the disciples these things from the beginning because he was with them.
  12. John 16:5 sn Now the theme of Jesus’ impending departure is resumed (I am going to the one who sent me). It will also be mentioned in 16:10, 17, and 28. Jesus had said to his opponents in 7:33 that he was going to the one who sent him; in 13:33 he had spoken of going where the disciples could not come. At that point Peter had inquired where he was going, but it appears that Peter did not understand Jesus’ reply at that time and did not persist in further questioning. In 14:5 Thomas had asked Jesus where he was going.
  13. John 16:5 sn Now none of the disciples asks Jesus where he is going, and the reason is given in the following verse: They have been overcome with sadness as a result of the predictions of coming persecution that Jesus has just spoken to them in 15:18-25 and 16:1-4a. Their shock at Jesus’ revelation of coming persecution is so great that none of them thinks to ask him where it is that he is going.
  14. John 16:6 tn Or “distress” or “grief.”
  15. John 16:7 tn Or “Helper” or “Counselor”; Grk “Paraclete,” from the Greek word παράκλητος (paraklētos). See the note on the word “Advocate” in John 14:16 for a discussion of how this word is translated.
  16. John 16:8 tn Grk “when that one.”
  17. John 16:8 tn Or “will convict the world,” or “will expose the world.” The preposition περί (peri) is used in 16:8-11 in the sense of “concerning” or “with respect to.” But what about the verb ἐλέγχω (elenchō)? The basic meanings possible for this word are (1) “to convict or convince someone of something”; (2) “to bring to light or expose something; and (3) “to correct or punish someone.” The third possibility may be ruled out in these verses on contextual grounds since punishment is not implied. The meaning is often understood to be that the Paraclete will “convince” the world of its error, so that some at least will repent. But S. Mowinckel (“Die Vorstellungen des Spätjudentums vom heiligen Geist als Fürsprecher und der johanneische Paraklet,” ZNW 32 [1933]: 97-130) demonstrated that the verb ἐλέγχω did not necessarily imply the conversion or reform of the guilty party. This means it is far more likely that conviction in something of a legal sense is intended here (as in a trial). The only certainty is that the accused party is indeed proven guilty (not that they will acknowledge their guilt). Further confirmation of this interpretation is seen in John 14:17 where the world cannot receive the Paraclete and in John 3:20, where the evildoer deliberately refuses to come to the light, lest his deeds be exposed for what they really are (significantly, the verb in John 3:20 is also ἐλέγχω). However, if one wishes to adopt the meaning “prove guilty” for the use of ἐλέγχω in John 16:8 a difficulty still remains: While this meaning fits the first statement in 16:9—the world is ‘proven guilty’ concerning its sin of refusing to believe in Jesus—it does not fit so well the second and third assertions in vv. 10-11. Thus R. E. Brown (John [AB], 2:705) suggests the more general meaning “prove wrong” which would fit in all three cases. This may be so, but there may also be a developmental aspect to the meaning, which would then shift from v. 9 to v. 10 to v. 11.
  18. John 16:8 tn Grk “and concerning.”
  19. John 16:8 tn Grk “and concerning.”
  20. John 16:9 tn Or “that.” It is very difficult to determine whether ὅτι (hoti; 3 times in 16:9, 10, 11) should be understood as causal or appositional/explanatory: Brown and Bultmann favor appositional or explanatory, while Barrett and Morris prefer a causal sense. A causal idea is preferable here, since it also fits the parallel statements in vv. 10-11 better than an appositional or explanatory use would. In this case Jesus is stating in each instance the reason why the world is proven guilty or wrong by the Spirit-Paraclete.
  21. John 16:9 sn Here (v. 9) the world is proven guilty concerning sin, and the reason given is their refusal to believe in Jesus. In 3:19 the effect of Jesus coming into the world as the Light of the world was to provoke judgment, by forcing people to choose up sides for or against him, and they chose darkness rather than light. In 12:37, at the very end of Jesus’ public ministry in John’s Gospel, people were still refusing to believe in him.
  22. John 16:10 tn There are two questions that need to be answered: (1) what is the meaning of δικαιοσύνη (dikaiosunē) in this context, and (2) to whom does it pertain—to the world, or to someone else? (1) The word δικαιοσύνη occurs in the Gospel of John only here and in v. 8. It is often assumed that it refers to forensic justification, as it does so often in Paul’s writings. Thus the answer to question (2) would be that it refers to the world. L. Morris states, “The Spirit shows men (and no-one else can do this) that their righteousness before God depends not on their own efforts but on Christ’s atoning work for them” (John [NICNT], 699). Since the word occurs so infrequently in the Fourth Gospel, however, the context must be examined very carefully. The ὅτι (hoti) clause which follows provides an important clue: The righteousness in view here has to do with Jesus’ return to the Father and his absence from the disciples. It is true that in the Fourth Gospel part of what is involved in Jesus’ return to the Father is the cross, and it is through his substitutionary death that people are justified, so that Morris’ understanding of righteousness here is possible. But more basic than this is the idea that Jesus’ return to the Father constitutes his own δικαιοσύνη in the sense of vindication rather than forensic justification. Jesus had repeatedly claimed oneness with the Father, and his opponents had repeatedly rejected this and labeled him a deceiver, a sinner, and a blasphemer (John 5:18; 7:12; 9:24; 10:33, etc.). But Jesus, by his glorification through his return to the Father, is vindicated in his claims in spite of his opponents. In his vindication his followers are also vindicated as well, but their vindication derives from his. Thus one would answer question (1) by saying that in context δικαιοσύνης (dikaiosunēs) refers not to forensic justification but vindication, and question (2) by referring this justification/vindication not to the world or even to Christians directly, but to Jesus himself. Finally, how does Jesus’ last statement in v. 10, that the disciples will see him no more, contribute to this? It is probably best taken as a reference to the presence of the Spirit-Paraclete, who cannot come until Jesus has departed (16:7). The meaning of v. 10 is thus: When the Spirit-Paraclete comes he will prove the world wrong concerning the subject of righteousness, namely, Jesus’ righteousness which is demonstrated when he is glorified in his return to the Father and the disciples see him no more (but they will have instead the presence of the Spirit-Paraclete, whom the world is not able to receive).
  23. John 16:10 tn Or “that.”
  24. John 16:11 sn The world is proven wrong concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged. Jesus’ righteousness before the Father, as proven by his return to the Father, his glorification, constitutes a judgment against Satan. This is parallel to the judgment of the world which Jesus provokes in 3:19-21: Jesus’ presence in the world as the Light of the world provokes the judgment of those in the world, because as they respond to the light (either coming to Jesus or rejecting him) so are they judged. That judgment is in a sense already realized. So it is here, where the judgment of Satan is already realized in Jesus’ glorification. This does not mean that Satan does not continue to be active in the world, and to exercise some power over it, just as in 3:19-21 the people in the world who have rejected Jesus and thus incurred judgment continue on in their opposition to Jesus for a time. In both cases the judgment is not immediately executed. But it is certain.
  25. John 16:11 tn Or “that.”
  26. John 16:11 sn The ruler of this world is a reference to Satan.
  27. John 16:11 tn Or “judged.”
  28. John 16:12 sn In what sense does Jesus have many more things to say to the disciples? Does this imply the continuation of revelation after his departure? This is probably the case, especially in light of v. 13 and following, which describe the work of the Holy Spirit in guiding the disciples into all truth. Thus Jesus was saying that he would continue to speak (to the twelve, at least) after his return to the Father. He would do this through the Holy Spirit whom he was going to send. It is possible that an audience broader than the twelve is addressed, and in the Johannine tradition there is evidence that later other Christians (or perhaps, professed Christians) claimed to be recipients of revelation through the Spirit-Paraclete (1 John 4:1-6).
  29. John 16:12 tn Or (perhaps) “you cannot accept.”
  30. John 16:13 tn Grk “that one.”
  31. John 16:13 tn Or “will lead.”
  32. John 16:13 sn Three important points must be noted here. (1) When the Holy Spirit comes, he will guide the disciples into all truth. What Jesus had said in 8:31-32, “If you continue to follow my teaching you are really my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free,” will ultimately be realized in the ongoing ministry of the Holy Spirit to the disciples after Jesus’ departure. (2) The things the Holy Spirit speaks to them will not be things which originate from himself (he will not speak on his own authority), but things he has heard. This could be taken to mean that no new revelation is involved, as R. E. Brown does (John [AB], 2:714-15). This is a possible but not a necessary inference. The point here concerns the source of the things the Spirit will say to the disciples and does not specifically exclude originality of content. (3) Part at least of what the Holy Spirit will reveal to the disciples will concern what is to come, not just fuller implications of previous sayings of Jesus and the like. This does seem to indicate that at least some new revelation is involved. But the Spirit is not the source or originator of these things—Jesus is the source, and he will continue to speak to his disciples through the Spirit who has come to indwell them. This does not answer the question, however, whether these words are addressed to all followers of Jesus, or only to his apostles. Different modern commentators will answer this question differently. Since in the context of the Farewell Discourse Jesus is preparing the twelve to carry on his ministry after his departure, it is probably best to take these statements as specifically related only to the twelve. Some of this the Holy Spirit does directly for all believers today; other parts of this statement are fulfilled through the apostles (e.g., in giving the Book of Revelation the Spirit speaks through the apostles to the church today of things to come). One of the implications of this is that a doctrine does not have to be traced back to an explicit teaching of Jesus to be authentic; all that is required is apostolic authority.
  33. John 16:13 tn Grk “speak from himself.”
  34. John 16:13 tn Or will announce to you.”
  35. John 16:13 tn Grk “will tell you the things to come.”
  36. John 16:14 tn Grk “That one.”
  37. John 16:14 tn Or “will honor me.”
  38. John 16:14 tn Or “he will take.”
  39. John 16:14 tn The words “what is mine” are not in the Greek text, but are implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.
  40. John 16:14 tn Or “will announce it to you.”
  41. John 16:15 tn Grk “I said he”; the referent (the Spirit) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  42. John 16:15 tn The words “what is mine” are not in the Greek text, but are implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.
  43. John 16:15 tn Or “will announce it to you.”
  44. John 16:16 tn Grk “A little while, and you.”
  45. John 16:16 tn Grk “and again a little while, and you.”
  46. John 16:16 sn The phrase after a little while, you will see me is sometimes taken to refer to the coming of the Holy Spirit after Jesus departs, but (as at 14:19) it is much more probable that it refers to the postresurrection appearances of Jesus to the disciples. There is no indication in the context that the disciples will see Jesus only with “spiritual” sight, as would be the case if the coming of the Spirit is in view.
  47. John 16:17 tn Grk “What is this that he is saying to us.”
  48. John 16:17 tn Grk “A little while, and you.”
  49. John 16:17 tn Grk “and again a little while, and you.”
  50. John 16:17 sn These fragmentary quotations of Jesus’ statements are from 16:16 and 16:10, and indicate that the disciples heard only part of what Jesus had to say to them on this occasion.
  51. John 16:18 tn Grk “they kept on saying.”
  52. John 16:18 tn Grk “What is this that he says.”
  53. John 16:18 tn Grk “A little while.” Although the phrase τὸ μικρόν (to mikron) in John 16:18 could be translated simply “a little while,” it was translated “in a little while” to maintain the connection to John 16:16, where it has the latter meaning in context.
  54. John 16:18 tn Or “we do not know.”
  55. John 16:18 tn Grk “what he is speaking.”
  56. John 16:19 tn Grk “knew.”sn Jesus could see. Supernatural knowledge of what the disciples were thinking is not necessarily in view here. Given the disciples’ confused statements in the preceding verses, it was probably obvious to Jesus that they wanted to ask what he meant.
  57. John 16:19 tn The words “about these things” are not in the Greek text, but are implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.
  58. John 16:19 tn Καί (kai) has been translated as “so” here to indicate the following statement is a result of Jesus’ observation in v. 19a.
  59. John 16:19 tn Grk “inquiring” or “seeking.”
  60. John 16:19 tn Grk “A little while, and you.”
  61. John 16:19 tn Grk “and again a little while, and you.”
  62. John 16:20 tn Grk “Truly, truly, I say to you.”
  63. John 16:20 tn Or “wail,” “cry.”
  64. John 16:20 tn Or “lament.”
  65. John 16:20 tn Or “sorrowful.”
  66. John 16:20 tn Grk “will become.”
  67. John 16:21 sn The same word translated distress here has been translated sadness in the previous verse (a wordplay that is not exactly reproducible in English).
  68. John 16:21 tn Grk “her hour.”
  69. John 16:21 tn Grk “that a man” (but in a generic sense, referring to a human being).
  70. John 16:21 sn Jesus now compares the situation of the disciples to a woman in childbirth. Just as the woman in the delivery of her child experiences real pain and anguish (has distress), so the disciples will also undergo real anguish at the crucifixion of Jesus. But once the child has been born, the mother’s anguish is turned into joy, and she forgets the past suffering. The same will be true of the disciples, who after Jesus’ resurrection and reappearance to them will forget the anguish they suffered at his death on account of their joy.
  71. John 16:22 tn Or “distress.”
  72. John 16:22 sn An allusion to Isa 66:14 LXX, which reads: “Then you will see, and your heart will be glad, and your bones will flourish like the new grass; and the hand of the Lord will be made known to his servants, but he will be indignant toward his enemies.” The change from “you will see [me]” to I will see you places more emphasis on Jesus as the one who reinitiates the relationship with the disciples after his resurrection, but v. 16 (you will see me) is more like Isa 66:14. Further support for seeing this allusion as intentional is found in Isa 66:7, which uses the same imagery of the woman giving birth found in John 16:21. In the context of Isa 66 the passages refer to the institution of the messianic kingdom, and in fact the last clause of 66:14 along with the following verses (15-17) have yet to be fulfilled. This is part of the tension of present and future eschatological fulfillment that runs throughout the NT, by virtue of the fact that there are two advents. Some prophecies are fulfilled or partially fulfilled at the first advent, while other prophecies or parts of prophecies await fulfillment at the second.
  73. John 16:23 tn Grk “And in that day.”
  74. John 16:23 tn Grk “Truly, truly, I say to you.”
  75. John 16:23 sn This statement is also found in John 15:16.
  76. John 16:24 tn The word “it” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.
  77. John 16:25 tn Or “in parables”; or “in metaphors.” There is some difficulty in defining παροιμίαις (paroimiais) precisely: A translation like “parables” does not convey accurately the meaning. BDAG 779-80 s.v. παροιμία suggests in general “proverb, saw, maxim,” but for Johannine usage “veiled saying, figure of speech, in which esp. lofty ideas are concealed.” In the preceding context of the Farewell Discourse, Jesus has certainly used obscure language and imagery at times: John 13:8-11; 13:16; 15:1-17; and 16:21 could all be given as examples. In the LXX this word is used to translate the Hebrew mashal which covers a wide range of figurative speech, often containing obscure or enigmatic elements.
  78. John 16:25 tn Grk “an hour.”
  79. John 16:25 tn Or “inform you.”
  80. John 16:25 tn Or “openly.”
  81. John 16:26 tn Grk “In that day.”
  82. John 16:26 tn Grk “I do not say to you.”
  83. John 16:27 tc A number of early mss (א1 B C* D L co) read πατρός (patros, “Father”) here instead of θεοῦ (theou, “God”; found in P5 א*,2 A C3 W Θ Ψ 33 ƒ1,13 M). Although externally πατρός has relatively strong support, it is evidently an assimilation to “I came from the Father” at the beginning of v. 28, or more generally to the consistent mention of God as Father throughout this chapter (πατήρ [patēr, “Father”] occurs eleven times in this chapter, while θεός [theos, “God”] occurs only two other times [16:2, 30]).
  84. John 16:28 tn Or “into the world; again.” Here πάλιν (palin) functions as a marker of contrast, with the implication of a sequence.
  85. John 16:28 sn The statement I am leaving the world and going to the Father is a summary of the entire Gospel of John. It summarizes the earthly career of the Word made flesh, Jesus of Nazareth, on his mission from the Father to be the Savior of the world, beginning with his entry into the world as he came forth from God and concluding with his departure from the world as he returned to the Father.
  86. John 16:29 tn Or “openly.”
  87. John 16:29 tn Or “not in parables.” or “not in metaphors.”sn How is the disciples’ reply to Jesus now you are speaking plainly and not in obscure figures of speech to be understood? Their claim to understand seems a bit impulsive. It is difficult to believe that the disciples have really understood the full implications of Jesus’ words, although it is true that he spoke to them plainly and not figuratively in 16:26-28. The disciples will not fully understand all that Jesus has said to them until after his resurrection, when the Holy Spirit will give them insight and understanding (16:13).
  88. John 16:30 tn Grk “all things.”
  89. John 16:30 tn Grk “and have no need of anyone.”
  90. John 16:30 tn The word “anything” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.
  91. John 16:30 tn Or “By this.”
  92. John 16:31 tn Grk “Jesus answered them.”
  93. John 16:32 tn Grk “an hour.”
  94. John 16:32 tn Grk “each one to his own”; the word “home” is not in the Greek text but is implied. The phrase “each one to his own” may be completed in a number of different ways: “each one to his own property”; “each one to his own family”; or “each one to his own home.” The last option seems to fit most easily into the context and so is used in the translation.
  95. John 16:32 sn The proof of Jesus’ negative evaluation of the disciples’ faith is now given: Jesus foretells their abandonment of him at his arrest, trials, and crucifixion (I will be left alone). This parallels the synoptic accounts in Matt 26:31 and Mark 14:27 when Jesus, after the last supper and on the way to Gethsemane, foretold the desertion of the disciples as a fulfillment of Zech 13:7: “Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.” Yet although the disciples would abandon Jesus, he reaffirmed that he was not alone, because the Father was still with him.
  96. John 16:32 tn Grk “And” (but with some contrastive force).
  97. John 16:32 tn Grk “the Father.”
  98. John 16:33 tn The one Greek term θλῖψις (thlipsis) has been translated by an English hendiadys (two terms that combine for one meaning) “trouble and suffering.” For modern English readers “tribulation” is no longer clearly understandable.
  99. John 16:33 tn Or “but be courageous.”
  100. John 16:33 tn Or “I am victorious over the world,” or “I have overcome the world.”sn The Farewell Discourse proper closes on the triumphant note I have conquered the world, which recalls 1:5 (in the prologue): “the light shines on in the darkness, but the darkness has not mastered it.” Jesus’ words which follow in chap. 17 are addressed not to the disciples but to his Father, as he prays for the consecration of the disciples.
New English Translation (NET)

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Psalm 119:65-80

ט (Tet)

65 You are good[a] to your servant,
O Lord, just as you promised.[b]
66 Teach me proper discernment[c] and understanding.
For I consider your commands to be reliable.[d]
67 Before I was afflicted I used to stray off,[e]
but now I keep your instructions.[f]
68 You are good and you do good.
Teach me your statutes.
69 Arrogant people smear my reputation with lies,[g]
but I observe your precepts with all my heart.
70 Their hearts are calloused,[h]
but I find delight in your law.
71 It was good for me to suffer,
so that I might learn your statutes.
72 The law you have revealed is more important to me
than thousands of pieces of gold and silver.[i]

י (Yod)

73 Your hands made me and formed me.[j]
Give me understanding so that I might learn[k] your commands.
74 Your loyal followers will be glad when they see me,[l]
for I find hope in your word.
75 I know, Lord, that your regulations[m] are just.
You disciplined me because of your faithful devotion to me.[n]
76 May your loyal love console me,
as you promised your servant.[o]
77 May I experience your compassion,[p] so I might live.
For I find delight in your law.
78 May the arrogant be humiliated, for they have slandered me.[q]
But I meditate on your precepts.
79 May your loyal followers[r] turn to me,
those who know your rules.
80 May I be fully committed to your statutes,[s]
so that I might not be ashamed.


  1. Psalm 119:65 tn Heb “do good.”
  2. Psalm 119:65 tn Heb “according to your word.”
  3. Psalm 119:66 tn Heb “goodness of taste.” Here “taste” refers to moral and ethical discernment.
  4. Psalm 119:66 tn Heb “for I believe in your commands.”
  5. Psalm 119:67 tn Heb “before I suffered, I was straying off.”
  6. Psalm 119:67 tn Heb “your word.”
  7. Psalm 119:69 tn Heb “smear over me a lie.”
  8. Psalm 119:70 tn Heb “their heart is insensitive like fat.”
  9. Psalm 119:72 tn Heb “better to me [is] the law of your mouth than thousands of gold and silver.”
  10. Psalm 119:73 tn Heb “made me and established me.” The two verbs also appear together in Deut 32:6, where God, compared to a father, is said to have “made and established” Israel.
  11. Psalm 119:73 tn The cohortative verbal form with vav (ו) conjunctive indicates purpose/result after the preceding imperative.
  12. Psalm 119:74 tn Heb “those who fear you will see me and rejoice.”
  13. Psalm 119:75 tn In this context (note the second line) the Hebrew term מִשְׁפָּטִים (mishpatim), which so often refers to the regulations of God’s law elsewhere in this psalm, may refer instead to his decisions or disciplinary judgment.
  14. Psalm 119:75 tn Heb “and [in] faithfulness you afflicted me.”
  15. Psalm 119:76 tn Heb “according to your word to your servant.”
  16. Psalm 119:77 tn Heb “and may your compassion come to me.”
  17. Psalm 119:78 tn Heb “for [with] falsehood they have denied me justice.”
  18. Psalm 119:79 tn Heb “those who fear you.”
  19. Psalm 119:80 tn Heb “may my heart be complete in your statutes.”
New English Translation (NET)

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Proverbs 16:4-5

The Lord has worked[a] everything for his own ends[b]
even the wicked for the day of disaster.[c]
The Lord abhors[d] every arrogant person;[e]
rest assured[f] that they will not go unpunished.[g]


  1. Proverbs 16:4 tn The Hebrew verb פָּעַל (paʿal) means “to work out; to bring about; to accomplish.” As the perfect form of a dynamic root, it is past or perfective. By using a past nuance, the proverb asserts that this is not just something that will work out some day. It affirms that God has done so and views this action as prototypical of what God does. Elsewhere with this verb, the preposition ל (lamed) indicates the purpose of the work (when followed by an infinitive, e.g. Exod 15:7), or who the action was for/against (when followed by a person, e.g. Isa 26:12). In the only other case where the verb פָּעַל (paʿal) has a direct object and the preposition ל (lamed) it means to make, or modify, the thing into something else (Ps 7:13). Applying that same syntax here could mean “God has turned everything to his own purpose.” God has done so by turning what was meant to harm into good (as with Joseph, Gen 50:20) and here by preparing the wicked for disaster. If it means to turn one thing into another, then the verse affirms God’s sovereignty while not making him directly responsible for evil acts chosen by the wicked.
  2. Proverbs 16:4 tc The Latin Vulgate implies the form לְמַעֲנֵהוּ (lemaʿanehu) “for his/its sake/purpose” rather than the Masoretic text’s לַמַּעֲנֵהוּ (lammaʿanehu) “for his/its purpose/answer.” Both are reading the same consonantal text but understanding the vowels differently. tn At the core of the phrase לַמַּעֲנֵהוּ (lammaʿanehu) in the Masoretic text, lies the word מַעֲנֶה (maʿaneh), which is proposed to mean “answer” or “purpose.” HALOT proposes that they are two homonyms (HALOT I, 614) going back to different homonymous verbal roots. If this is the noun meaning “answer,” it may imply the consequence. God ensures that everyone’s actions and the consequences of those actions correspond—certainly the wicked for the day of calamity. In God’s order there is just retribution for every act.
  3. Proverbs 16:4 sn This is an example of synthetic parallelism (“A, what’s more B”). The A-line affirms a truth, and the B-line expands on it with a specific application about the wicked—whatever disaster comes their way is an appropriate correspondent for their life.
  4. Proverbs 16:5 tn Heb “an abomination of the Lord.” The term יְהוָה (yehvah, “the Lord”) is a subjective genitive: “the Lord abhors.”
  5. Proverbs 16:5 tn Heb “everyone of proud of heart.” The noun לֵב (lev, “heart, mind”) represents what one does with the לֵב, i.e., thinking and feeling, and here refers to the attitude of someone’s spirit. It acts as a genitive of specification, “proud in the heart.” The phrase refers to that class of people who are arrogant, those who set themselves presumptuously against God (e.g., 2 Chr 26:16; Ps 131:1; Prov 18:12).
  6. Proverbs 16:5 tn Heb “hand to hand.” This idiom means “you can be assured” (e.g., Prov 11:21).
  7. Proverbs 16:5 tn The B-line continues the A-line, stating the eventual outcome of the Lord’s abhorrence of arrogance—he will punish them. “Will not go unpunished” is an understatement (tapeinosis) to stress first that they will certainly be punished; whereas those who humble themselves before God in faith will not be punished.tc The LXX has inserted two couplets here: “The beginning of a good way is to do justly, // and it is more acceptable with God than to do sacrifices; // he who seeks the Lord will find knowledge with righteousness, // and they who rightly seek him will find peace.” C. H. Toy reminds the reader that there were many proverbs in existence that sounded similar to those in the book of Proverbs; these lines are in the Greek OT as well as in Sirach (Proverbs [ICC], 321-22).
New English Translation (NET)

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