The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday October 25, 2020 (NIV)

Jeremiah 48:1-49:22

Judgment on Moab

48 (A)Concerning Moab.

Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel:

“Woe to (B)Nebo, for it is laid waste!
(C)Kiriathaim is put to shame, it is taken;
the fortress is put to shame (D)and broken down;
the renown of Moab is no more.
In (E)Heshbon they planned disaster against her:
‘Come, let us cut her off (F)from being a nation!’
You also, O (G)Madmen, shall be brought to silence;
the sword shall pursue you.

“A voice! A cry from (H)Horonaim,
‘Desolation and great destruction!’
Moab is destroyed;
her little ones have made a cry.
(I)For at the ascent of Luhith
they go up weeping;[a]
for (J)at the descent of Horonaim
they have heard the distressed cry[b] of destruction.
Flee! Save yourselves!
You will be like (K)a juniper in the desert!
For, (L)because you trusted in your works and your treasures,
you also shall be taken;
and (M)Chemosh (N)shall go into exile
with (O)his priests and his officials.
(P)The destroyer shall come upon every city,
and no city shall escape;
the valley shall perish,
and (Q)the plain shall be destroyed,
as the Lord has spoken.

“Give wings to Moab,
for she would fly away;
her cities shall become a desolation,
with no inhabitant in them.

10 (R)“Cursed is he who does (S)the work of the Lord with slackness, and cursed is he who keeps back his sword from bloodshed.

11 “Moab has been at ease from his youth
and has (T)settled on his dregs;
he has not been emptied from vessel to vessel,
nor has he gone into exile;
so his taste remains in him,
and his scent is not changed.

12 “Therefore, behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I shall send to him pourers who will pour him, and empty his vessels and break his[c] jars in pieces. 13 Then (U)Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as (V)the house of Israel was ashamed of (W)Bethel, their confidence.

14 “How do you say, ‘We are heroes
and mighty men of war’?
15 The destroyer of (X)Moab and his cities has come up,
and the choicest of his young men have (Y)gone down to slaughter,
declares (Z)the King, (AA)whose name is the Lord of hosts.
16 The calamity of Moab is near at hand,
and his affliction hastens swiftly.
17 (AB)Grieve for him, all you who are around him,
and all who know his name;
say, (AC)‘How the mighty scepter is broken,
the glorious staff.’

18 (AD)“Come down from your glory,
and sit on the parched ground,
O inhabitant of (AE)Dibon!
For the destroyer of Moab has come up against you;
he has destroyed your strongholds.
19 (AF)Stand by the way (AG)and watch,
O inhabitant of (AH)Aroer!
Ask him who flees and her who escapes;
say, ‘What has happened?’
20 Moab is put to shame, for it is broken;
(AI)wail and cry!
Tell it beside (AJ)the Arnon,
that (AK)Moab is laid waste.

21 “Judgment has come upon (AL)the tableland, upon Holon, and (AM)Jahzah, and Mephaath, 22 and (AN)Dibon, and (AO)Nebo, and Beth-diblathaim, 23 and (AP)Kiriathaim, and Beth-gamul, and (AQ)Beth-meon, 24 and (AR)Kerioth, and (AS)Bozrah, and all the cities of the land of Moab, far and near. 25 (AT)The horn of Moab is cut off, and (AU)his arm is broken, declares the Lord.

26 (AV)“Make him drunk, (AW)because he magnified himself against the Lord, so that Moab shall (AX)wallow in his vomit, (AY)and he too shall be held in derision. 27 (AZ)Was not Israel a derision to you? (BA)Was he found among thieves, that whenever you spoke of him (BB)you wagged your head?

28 (BC)“Leave the cities, and dwell in the rock,
O inhabitants of Moab!
Be (BD)like the dove that nests
in the sides of the mouth of a gorge.
29 (BE)We have heard of the pride of Moab—
he is very proud—
of his loftiness, his pride, and his arrogance,
and the haughtiness of his heart.
30 I know his insolence, declares the Lord;
(BF)his boasts are false,
his deeds are false.
31 (BG)Therefore I wail for Moab;
I cry out for all Moab;
for the men of (BH)Kir-hareseth I mourn.
32 More than for (BI)Jazer I weep for you,
(BJ)O vine of (BK)Sibmah!
(BL)Your branches passed over the sea,
reached to the Sea of (BM)Jazer;
on your summer fruits and your grapes
the destroyer has fallen.
33 (BN)Gladness and joy have been taken away
from the fruitful land of Moab;
I have made the wine cease from the winepresses;
no one treads them with shouts of joy;
the shouting is not the shout of joy.

34 (BO)“From the outcry at Heshbon even to Elealeh, as far as Jahaz they utter their voice, from Zoar to (BP)Horonaim and Eglath-shelishiyah. For the waters of Nimrim also have become desolate. 35 And I will bring to an end in Moab, declares the Lord, him who offers sacrifice in (BQ)the high place and makes offerings to his god. 36 Therefore my heart moans for Moab like a flute, and my heart moans like a flute for the men of (BR)Kir-hareseth. (BS)Therefore the riches they gained have perished.

37 (BT)“For every head is shaved and every beard cut off. (BU)On all the hands are gashes, and (BV)around the waist is sackcloth. 38 On all the housetops of Moab and in the squares there is nothing but lamentation, for I have broken Moab like (BW)a vessel for which no one cares, declares the Lord. 39 How it is broken! How they wail! (BX)How Moab has turned his back in shame! So Moab (BY)has become a derision and a horror to all that are around him.”

40 For thus says the Lord:
“Behold, (BZ)one shall fly swiftly like an eagle
(CA)and spread his wings against Moab;
41 (CB)the cities shall be taken
and the strongholds seized.
(CC)The heart of the warriors of Moab shall be in that day
like the heart of (CD)a woman in her birth pains;
42 Moab shall be (CE)destroyed and be no longer a people,
because (CF)he magnified himself against the Lord.
43 (CG)Terror, pit, and snare
are before you, O inhabitant of Moab!
declares the Lord.
44 He who flees from the terror
shall fall into the pit,
and he who climbs out of the pit
shall be caught in the snare.
(CH)For I will bring these things upon Moab,
the year of their punishment,
declares the Lord.

45 “In the shadow of Heshbon
fugitives stop without strength,
for fire came out from Heshbon,
flame from the house of Sihon;
it has destroyed (CI)the forehead of Moab,
the crown of (CJ)the sons of tumult.
46 (CK)Woe to you, O Moab!
The people of (CL)Chemosh are undone,
for your sons have been taken captive,
and your daughters into captivity.
47 (CM)Yet I will restore the fortunes of Moab
in the latter days, declares the Lord.”
Thus far is the judgment on Moab.

Judgment on Ammon

49 (CN)Concerning the Ammonites.

Thus says the Lord:

“Has Israel no sons?
Has he no heir?
Why then has (CO)Milcom[d] (CP)dispossessed Gad,
and his people settled in its cities?
Therefore, behold, the days are coming,
declares the Lord,
when I will cause (CQ)the battle cry to be heard
against (CR)Rabbah of the Ammonites;
it shall become a desolate (CS)mound,
and its villages shall be burned with fire;
then Israel shall dispossess those who dispossessed him,
says the Lord.

“Wail, O (CT)Heshbon, for Ai is laid waste!
Cry out, O daughters of (CU)Rabbah!
(CV)Put on sackcloth,
lament, and run to and fro among the hedges!
For (CW)Milcom shall go into exile,
(CX)with his priests and his officials.
Why do you boast of your valleys,[e]
(CY)O faithless daughter,
(CZ)who trusted in her treasures, saying,
‘Who will come against me?’
Behold, (DA)I will bring terror upon you,
declares the Lord God of hosts,
from all who are around you,
and you shall be driven out, every man straight before him,
with none to gather the fugitives.

“But (DB)afterward I will restore the fortunes of the Ammonites, declares the Lord.”

Judgment on Edom

Concerning (DC)Edom.

Thus says the Lord of hosts:

(DD)“Is wisdom no more in (DE)Teman?
(DF)Has counsel perished from the prudent?
(DG)Has their wisdom vanished?
(DH)Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths,
O inhabitants of (DI)Dedan!
For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him,
(DJ)the time when I punish him.
(DK)If grape gatherers came to you,
would they not leave (DL)gleanings?
(DM)If thieves came by night,
would they not destroy only enough for themselves?
10 (DN)But I have stripped Esau bare;
(DO)I have uncovered his hiding places,
and he is not able to conceal himself.
His children are destroyed, and his brothers,
and his neighbors; and (DP)he is no more.
11 (DQ)Leave your fatherless children; I will keep them alive;
(DR)and let your widows trust in me.”

12 For thus says the Lord: (DS)“If those who did not deserve to drink the cup must drink it, (DT)will you go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but you must drink. 13 (DU)For I have sworn by myself, declares the Lord, that (DV)Bozrah shall become (DW)a horror, a taunt, a waste, and a curse, and all her cities shall be perpetual wastes.”

14 (DX)I have heard a message from the Lord,
and an envoy has been sent among the nations:
(DY)“Gather yourselves together and come against her,
and rise up for battle!
15 For behold, I will make you small among the nations,
despised among mankind.
16 The horror you inspire has deceived you,
and the pride of your heart,
you who live in the clefts of the rock,[f]
who hold the height of the hill.
Though you (DZ)make your nest as high as the eagle's,
I will bring you down from there,
declares the Lord.

17 (EA)“Edom shall become a horror. (EB)Everyone who passes by it will be horrified (EC)and will hiss because of all its disasters. 18 (ED)As when Sodom and Gomorrah and their (EE)neighboring cities were overthrown, says the Lord, (EF)no man shall dwell there, (EG)no man shall sojourn in her. 19 (EH)Behold, (EI)like a lion coming up from (EJ)the jungle of the Jordan against a perennial pasture, I will suddenly make him[g] run away from her. And I will appoint over her whomever I choose. (EK)For who is like me? (EL)Who will summon me? (EM)What shepherd can stand before me? 20 Therefore hear the plan that the Lord has made against (EN)Edom and the purposes that he has formed against the inhabitants of (EO)Teman: (EP)Even the little ones of the flock shall be dragged away. Surely their fold shall be appalled at their fate. 21 At the sound of their fall (EQ)the earth shall tremble; the sound of their cry shall be heard at the Red Sea. 22 Behold, (ER)one shall mount up and fly swiftly like an eagle and spread his wings against (ES)Bozrah, and the heart of the warriors of Edom shall be in that day like the heart (ET)of a woman in her birth pains.”


  1. Jeremiah 48:5 Hebrew weeping goes up with weeping
  2. Jeremiah 48:5 Septuagint (compare Isaiah 15:5) heard the cry
  3. Jeremiah 48:12 Septuagint, Aquila; Hebrew their
  4. Jeremiah 49:1 Or their king; also verse 3
  5. Jeremiah 49:4 Hebrew boast of your valleys, your valley flows
  6. Jeremiah 49:16 Or of Sela
  7. Jeremiah 49:19 Septuagint, Syriac them

Cross references:

  1. Jeremiah 48:1 : ch. 25:21; 2 Kgs. 24:2; See Isa. 15–16; Ezek. 25:8-11; Amos 2:1-3; Zeph. 2:8, 9
  2. Jeremiah 48:1 : ver. 22; Num. 32:3
  3. Jeremiah 48:1 : ver. 23; Num. 32:37; Josh. 13:19; Ezek. 25:9
  4. Jeremiah 48:1 : ver. 20, 39
  5. Jeremiah 48:2 : ver. 34, 45; ch. 49:3; Num. 32:37; Isa. 15:4
  6. Jeremiah 48:2 : [ch. 31:36]
  7. Jeremiah 48:2 : [Isa. 10:31]
  8. Jeremiah 48:3 : Isa. 15:5; [ver. 34]
  9. Jeremiah 48:5 : [See ver. 3 above]; Isa. 15:5; [ver. 34]
  10. Jeremiah 48:5 : [See ver. 3 above]; Isa. 15:5; [ver. 34]
  11. Jeremiah 48:6 : ch. 17:6
  12. Jeremiah 48:7 : ch. 49:4
  13. Jeremiah 48:7 : Num. 21:29
  14. Jeremiah 48:7 : [Isa. 46:2]
  15. Jeremiah 48:7 : ch. 49:3
  16. Jeremiah 48:8 : ch. 6:26
  17. Jeremiah 48:8 : ver. 21; Josh. 13:9, 17, 21; [Deut. 3:10]
  18. Jeremiah 48:10 : Judg. 5:23; [1 Sam. 15:3, 9; 1 Kgs. 20:42]
  19. Jeremiah 48:10 : [1 Cor. 15:58]
  20. Jeremiah 48:11 : Zeph. 1:12
  21. Jeremiah 48:13 : [Num. 21:29; Isa. 16:14]
  22. Jeremiah 48:13 : [Hos. 10:6]
  23. Jeremiah 48:13 : [1 Kgs. 12:29]
  24. Jeremiah 48:15 : ver. 8, 18, 20; Isa. 15:1
  25. Jeremiah 48:15 : ch. 50:27
  26. Jeremiah 48:15 : See ch. 46:18
  27. Jeremiah 48:15 : See ch. 46:18
  28. Jeremiah 48:17 : [Isa. 15:4, 5; 16:7]
  29. Jeremiah 48:17 : [Isa. 9:4; 14:5]
  30. Jeremiah 48:18 : [Isa. 47:1]
  31. Jeremiah 48:18 : Num. 21:30; Isa. 15:2
  32. Jeremiah 48:19 : [1 Sam. 4:13, 16; Nah. 2:1]
  33. Jeremiah 48:19 : [1 Sam. 4:13, 16; Nah. 2:1]
  34. Jeremiah 48:19 : Deut. 2:36; Josh. 13:9
  35. Jeremiah 48:20 : [See ver. 17 above]; [Isa. 15:4, 5; 16:7]
  36. Jeremiah 48:20 : Isa. 16:2
  37. Jeremiah 48:20 : [See ver. 15 above]; ver. 8, 18, 20; Isa. 15:1
  38. Jeremiah 48:21 : ver. 8; Num. 21:23
  39. Jeremiah 48:21 : Josh. 13:18
  40. Jeremiah 48:22 : [See ver. 18 above]; Num. 21:30; Isa. 15:2
  41. Jeremiah 48:22 : Num. 33:46; Isa. 15:2
  42. Jeremiah 48:23 : See ver. 1
  43. Jeremiah 48:23 : [Josh. 13:17; 1 Chr. 5:8]
  44. Jeremiah 48:24 : Amos 2:2
  45. Jeremiah 48:24 : ch. 49:13, 22; Isa. 63:1
  46. Jeremiah 48:25 : [Ps. 75:10]
  47. Jeremiah 48:25 : [Ezek. 30:21]
  48. Jeremiah 48:26 : ch. 25:27; 51:39; Isa. 19:14
  49. Jeremiah 48:26 : ver. 42
  50. Jeremiah 48:26 : ch. 25:27; 51:39; Isa. 19:14
  51. Jeremiah 48:26 : ver. 39
  52. Jeremiah 48:27 : Zeph. 2:8; [Ezek. 25:8]
  53. Jeremiah 48:27 : [ch. 2:26]
  54. Jeremiah 48:27 : Ps. 64:8; Lam. 2:15; Matt. 27:39
  55. Jeremiah 48:28 : ver. 9
  56. Jeremiah 48:28 : Ps. 55:6, 7; Song 2:14
  57. Jeremiah 48:29 : Isa. 16:6
  58. Jeremiah 48:30 : [ch. 50:36]
  59. Jeremiah 48:31 : Isa. 15:5; 16:7, 11
  60. Jeremiah 48:31 : [2 Kgs. 3:25]
  61. Jeremiah 48:32 : Num. 21:32
  62. Jeremiah 48:32 : Isa. 16:8, 9
  63. Jeremiah 48:32 : Josh. 13:19
  64. Jeremiah 48:32 : [Ps. 80:11]
  65. Jeremiah 48:32 : Num. 21:32
  66. Jeremiah 48:33 : Isa. 16:10
  67. Jeremiah 48:34 : See Isa. 15:4-6
  68. Jeremiah 48:34 : ver. 3
  69. Jeremiah 48:35 : [Isa. 15:2; 16:12; Ezek. 20:29]
  70. Jeremiah 48:36 : See ver. 31
  71. Jeremiah 48:36 : Isa. 15:7
  72. Jeremiah 48:37 : Isa. 15:2, 3
  73. Jeremiah 48:37 : [ch. 47:5]
  74. Jeremiah 48:37 : ch. 49:3; Lam. 2:10; See ch. 4:8
  75. Jeremiah 48:38 : [ch. 22:28]
  76. Jeremiah 48:39 : [ver. 6]
  77. Jeremiah 48:39 : ver. 26
  78. Jeremiah 48:40 : ch. 49:22; [Deut. 28:49; Ezek. 17:3]
  79. Jeremiah 48:40 : [Isa. 8:8]
  80. Jeremiah 48:41 : ver. 24
  81. Jeremiah 48:41 : [Isa. 13:7, 8]
  82. Jeremiah 48:41 : See ch. 6:24
  83. Jeremiah 48:42 : [Isa. 7:8]
  84. Jeremiah 48:42 : ver. 26
  85. Jeremiah 48:43 : Isa. 24:17, 18; Lam. 3:47
  86. Jeremiah 48:44 : [ch. 11:23]
  87. Jeremiah 48:45 : Num. 24:17
  88. Jeremiah 48:45 : Num. 24:17
  89. Jeremiah 48:46 : See ver. 1
  90. Jeremiah 48:46 : ver. 13
  91. Jeremiah 48:47 : [ch. 46:27; 49:39]
  92. Jeremiah 49:1 : ch. 25:21; [Ezek. 21:28; 25:2]
  93. Jeremiah 49:1 : [1 Kgs. 11:5, 33; 2 Kgs. 23:13]
  94. Jeremiah 49:1 : [Amos 1:13]
  95. Jeremiah 49:2 : ch. 4:19
  96. Jeremiah 49:2 : Ezek. 21:20; 25:5; Amos 1:14
  97. Jeremiah 49:2 : ch. 30:18
  98. Jeremiah 49:3 : ch. 48:2
  99. Jeremiah 49:3 : [See ver. 2 above]; Ezek. 21:20; 25:5; Amos 1:14
  100. Jeremiah 49:3 : ch. 48:37; See ch. 4:8
  101. Jeremiah 49:3 : [1 Kgs. 11:5, 33; 2 Kgs. 23:13]
  102. Jeremiah 49:3 : ch. 48:7
  103. Jeremiah 49:4 : ch. 3:14
  104. Jeremiah 49:4 : ch. 48:7
  105. Jeremiah 49:5 : [ch. 48:43]
  106. Jeremiah 49:6 : [ver. 39; ch. 48:47]
  107. Jeremiah 49:7 : ch. 25:21; Isa. 34:5; Amos 1:11; Obad. 1; [Mal. 1:2]; See Ezek. 25:12-14
  108. Jeremiah 49:7 : ver. 20; Obad. 9
  109. Jeremiah 49:7 : ver. 20; Obad. 9
  110. Jeremiah 49:7 : [Isa. 19:11, 12]
  111. Jeremiah 49:7 : [Isa. 19:11, 12]
  112. Jeremiah 49:8 : ver. 30
  113. Jeremiah 49:8 : ch. 25:23; Gen. 25:3
  114. Jeremiah 49:8 : ch. 50:27, 31; [ch. 46:21; 50:27]
  115. Jeremiah 49:9 : Obad. 5, 6
  116. Jeremiah 49:9 : [Judg. 8:2]
  117. Jeremiah 49:9 : Obad. 5, 6
  118. Jeremiah 49:10 : Mal. 1:3
  119. Jeremiah 49:10 : [See ver. 9 above]; Obad. 5, 6
  120. Jeremiah 49:10 : ch. 31:15; Isa. 17:14
  121. Jeremiah 49:11 : [Ps. 10:14, 18; 68:5]
  122. Jeremiah 49:11 : [Ps. 10:14, 18; 68:5]
  123. Jeremiah 49:12 : ch. 25:28; [Obad. 16]
  124. Jeremiah 49:12 : ch. 25:29
  125. Jeremiah 49:13 : See ch. 22:5
  126. Jeremiah 49:13 : ver. 22; See ch. 48:24
  127. Jeremiah 49:13 : See ch. 24:9
  128. Jeremiah 49:14 : See Obad. 1-4
  129. Jeremiah 49:14 : [Isa. 13:4]
  130. Jeremiah 49:16 : [ch. 48:28]
  131. Jeremiah 49:17 : Ezek. 35:3, 7, 9
  132. Jeremiah 49:17 : [ch. 50:13]
  133. Jeremiah 49:17 : [ch. 50:13]
  134. Jeremiah 49:18 : See Isa. 13:19
  135. Jeremiah 49:18 : [Deut. 29:23]
  136. Jeremiah 49:18 : ver. 33
  137. Jeremiah 49:18 : ver. 33
  138. Jeremiah 49:19 : For ver. 19-21, see ch. 50:44-46
  139. Jeremiah 49:19 : See ch. 4:7
  140. Jeremiah 49:19 : See ch. 12:5
  141. Jeremiah 49:19 : See ch. 10:6
  142. Jeremiah 49:19 : Job 9:19
  143. Jeremiah 49:19 : [ch. 30:21]
  144. Jeremiah 49:20 : Ezek. 35:3, 7, 9
  145. Jeremiah 49:20 : See ver. 7
  146. Jeremiah 49:20 : ch. 50:45
  147. Jeremiah 49:21 : ch. 8:16; 50:46; [Ezek. 26:15]
  148. Jeremiah 49:22 : See ch. 48:40
  149. Jeremiah 49:22 : ver. 13
  150. Jeremiah 49:22 : ver. 24; See ch. 6:24
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

2 Timothy 4

Preach the Word

(A)I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, (B)who is to judge the living and the dead, and by (C)his appearing and his kingdom: preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; (D)reprove, rebuke, and (E)exhort, with complete patience and teaching. (F)For the time is coming when people will not endure (G)sound[a] teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions, and (H)will turn away from listening to the truth and (I)wander off into myths. As for you, (J)always be sober-minded, (K)endure suffering, do the work of (L)an evangelist, (M)fulfill your ministry.

For (N)I am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of my (O)departure has come. (P)I have fought the good fight, (Q)I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is (R)laid up for me (S)the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, (T)the righteous judge, will award to me on (U)that day, and not only to me but also to all (V)who have loved his appearing.

Personal Instructions

(W)Do your best to come to me soon. 10 For (X)Demas, (Y)in love with (Z)this present world, (AA)has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica. Crescens has gone to Galatia,[b] (AB)Titus to Dalmatia. 11 (AC)Luke alone is with me. Get (AD)Mark and bring him with you, for he is very useful to me for ministry. 12 (AE)Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus. 13 When you come, bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas, also the books, and above all the parchments. 14 (AF)Alexander the coppersmith did me great harm; (AG)the Lord will repay him according to his deeds. 15 Beware of him yourself, for he strongly opposed our message. 16 At my first defense no one came to stand by me, but all deserted me. (AH)May it not be charged against them! 17 But (AI)the Lord stood by me and (AJ)strengthened me, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and (AK)all the Gentiles might hear it. So (AL)I was rescued (AM)from the lion's mouth. 18 The Lord will rescue me from every evil deed and bring me safely into his heavenly kingdom. (AN)To him be the glory forever and ever. Amen.

Final Greetings

19 Greet (AO)Prisca and Aquila, and (AP)the household of Onesiphorus. 20 Erastus remained at Corinth, and I left (AQ)Trophimus, who was ill, at Miletus. 21 (AR)Do your best to come before winter. Eubulus sends greetings to you, as do Pudens and Linus and Claudia and all the brothers.[c]

22 The Lord be (AS)with your spirit. (AT)Grace be with you.[d]


  1. 2 Timothy 4:3 Or healthy
  2. 2 Timothy 4:10 Some manuscripts Gaul
  3. 2 Timothy 4:21 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters
  4. 2 Timothy 4:22 The Greek for you is plural

Cross references:

  1. 2 Timothy 4:1 : ch. 2:14; 1 Tim. 5:21; 6:13
  2. 2 Timothy 4:1 : See Acts 10:42
  3. 2 Timothy 4:1 : ver. 8; See 2 Thess. 2:8
  4. 2 Timothy 4:2 : 1 Tim. 5:20; Titus 1:13; 2:15
  5. 2 Timothy 4:2 : 1 Tim. 4:13
  6. 2 Timothy 4:3 : ch. 3:1
  7. 2 Timothy 4:3 : See 1 Tim. 1:10
  8. 2 Timothy 4:4 : See 1 Tim. 6:20
  9. 2 Timothy 4:4 : See 1 Tim. 1:4, 6
  10. 2 Timothy 4:5 : 1 Pet. 1:13
  11. 2 Timothy 4:5 : ch. 1:8; 2:3, 9
  12. 2 Timothy 4:5 : Acts 21:8; Eph. 4:11
  13. 2 Timothy 4:5 : Col. 4:17
  14. 2 Timothy 4:6 : Phil. 2:17
  15. 2 Timothy 4:6 : Phil. 1:23; [2 Pet. 1:14]
  16. 2 Timothy 4:7 : See 1 Tim. 6:12
  17. 2 Timothy 4:7 : Acts 20:24
  18. 2 Timothy 4:8 : Col. 1:5; 1 Pet. 1:4
  19. 2 Timothy 4:8 : See James 1:12
  20. 2 Timothy 4:8 : Ps. 7:11
  21. 2 Timothy 4:8 : ch. 1:12
  22. 2 Timothy 4:8 : [Rev. 22:20]
  23. 2 Timothy 4:9 : ch. 1:4
  24. 2 Timothy 4:10 : Col. 4:14; Philem. 24
  25. 2 Timothy 4:10 : See 1 John 2:15
  26. 2 Timothy 4:10 : 1 Tim. 6:17; Titus 2:12
  27. 2 Timothy 4:10 : [ch. 1:15]
  28. 2 Timothy 4:10 : [Titus 3:12]
  29. 2 Timothy 4:11 : [See ver. 10 above]; [ch. 1:15]
  30. 2 Timothy 4:11 : See Acts 12:12
  31. 2 Timothy 4:12 : Acts 20:4; Eph. 6:21; Col. 4:7; Titus 3:12
  32. 2 Timothy 4:14 : See 1 Tim. 1:20
  33. 2 Timothy 4:14 : Ps. 62:12; Prov. 24:12; [Neh. 6:14; 13:29; Ps. 28:4; Rev. 18:6]
  34. 2 Timothy 4:16 : [Acts 7:60]
  35. 2 Timothy 4:17 : Acts 23:11; 27:23; [Matt. 10:19]
  36. 2 Timothy 4:17 : See 1 Tim. 1:12
  37. 2 Timothy 4:17 : See Acts 9:15
  38. 2 Timothy 4:17 : ch. 3:11
  39. 2 Timothy 4:17 : Ps. 22:21; [1 Sam. 17:37]
  40. 2 Timothy 4:18 : See Rom. 11:36
  41. 2 Timothy 4:19 : See Acts 18:2
  42. 2 Timothy 4:19 : ch. 1:16
  43. 2 Timothy 4:20 : Acts 20:4; 21:29
  44. 2 Timothy 4:21 : ver. 9
  45. 2 Timothy 4:22 : Gal. 6:18; Philem. 25
  46. 2 Timothy 4:22 : See Col. 4:18
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 95-96

Let Us Sing Songs of Praise

95 Oh come, let us sing to the Lord;
let us (A)make a joyful noise to (B)the rock of our salvation!
Let us (C)come into his presence with thanksgiving;
let us (D)make a joyful noise to him with songs of praise!
For the Lord is (E)a great God,
and a great King (F)above all gods.
In his hand are the depths of the earth;
the heights of the mountains are his also.
The sea is his, for (G)he made it,
and his hands formed (H)the dry land.

Oh come, let us worship and bow down;
let us (I)kneel before the Lord, our (J)Maker!
For he is our (K)God,
and we are the people of his (L)pasture,
and the sheep of his hand.
(M)Today, if you (N)hear his voice,
(O)do not harden your hearts, as at (P)Meribah,
as on the day at (Q)Massah in the wilderness,
when your fathers put me to the (R)test
and put me to the proof, though they had seen my (S)work.
10 (T)For forty years I loathed that generation
and said, “They are a people who go astray in their heart,
and they have not known (U)my ways.”
11 Therefore I (V)swore in my wrath,
“They shall not enter (W)my rest.”

Worship in the Splendor of Holiness

96 (X)Oh sing to the Lord (Y)a new song;
sing to the Lord, all the earth!
Sing to the Lord, bless his name;
(Z)tell of his salvation from day to day.
Declare his glory among the nations,
his marvelous works among all the peoples!
For (AA)great is the Lord, and (AB)greatly to be praised;
he is to be feared above (AC)all gods.
For all the gods of the peoples are worthless idols,
but the Lord (AD)made the heavens.
Splendor and majesty are before him;
(AE)strength and beauty are in his sanctuary.

Ascribe to the Lord, O (AF)families of the peoples,
(AG)ascribe to the Lord glory and strength!
Ascribe to the Lord (AH)the glory due his name;
bring (AI)an offering, and (AJ)come into his courts!
Worship the Lord in (AK)the splendor of holiness;[a]
(AL)tremble before him, all the earth!

10 Say among the nations, (AM)“The Lord reigns!
Yes, the world is established; it shall never be moved;
he will (AN)judge the peoples with equity.”

11 Let (AO)the heavens be glad, and let (AP)the earth rejoice;
let (AQ)the sea roar, and all that fills it;
12 let (AR)the field exult, and everything in it!
Then shall all (AS)the trees of the forest sing for joy
13 before the Lord, for he comes,
for he comes (AT)to judge the earth.
He will judge the world in righteousness,
and the peoples in his faithfulness.


  1. Psalm 96:9 Or in holy attire

Cross references:

  1. Psalm 95:1 : See Ps. 66:1
  2. Psalm 95:1 : Ps. 89:26; [Ps. 94:22]
  3. Psalm 95:2 : Mic. 6:6
  4. Psalm 95:2 : [See ver. 1 above]; See Ps. 66:1
  5. Psalm 95:3 : Ps. 93:4; 135:5
  6. Psalm 95:3 : Ps. 86:8; 96:4; 97:9; 2 Chr. 2:5
  7. Psalm 95:5 : Gen. 1:9, 10; Jonah 1:9
  8. Psalm 95:5 : Gen. 1:9, 10; Jonah 1:9
  9. Psalm 95:6 : 2 Chr. 6:13; Dan. 6:10
  10. Psalm 95:6 : Ps. 100:3; 149:2; Deut. 32:6, 15, 18
  11. Psalm 95:7 : Ps. 48:14
  12. Psalm 95:7 : See Ps. 74:1
  13. Psalm 95:7 : Cited Heb. 3:7-11, 15; 4:7
  14. Psalm 95:7 : Num. 14:22
  15. Psalm 95:8 : Ex. 9:34; 1 Sam. 6:6; 2 Chr. 36:13; Prov. 28:14
  16. Psalm 95:8 : Ex. 17:7; Num. 20:13
  17. Psalm 95:8 : Ex. 17:7; Deut. 6:16
  18. Psalm 95:9 : 1 Cor. 10:9; [Ps. 78:18, 41, 56]
  19. Psalm 95:9 : See Ps. 90:16; [Num. 14:22]
  20. Psalm 95:10 : Acts 7:36; 13:18; Heb. 3:17; [Deut. 9:7]
  21. Psalm 95:10 : [Ps. 81:13]
  22. Psalm 95:11 : Num. 14:23, 28, 30; Deut. 1:35; Cited Heb. 3:11; 4:3, 5
  23. Psalm 95:11 : Deut. 12:9
  24. Psalm 96:1 : For ver. 1-13, see 1 Chr. 16:23-33
  25. Psalm 96:1 : Ps. 98:1; See Ps. 33:3
  26. Psalm 96:2 : [Isa. 52:7; 60:6]
  27. Psalm 96:4 : See Ps. 48:1
  28. Psalm 96:4 : Ps. 18:3
  29. Psalm 96:4 : See Ps. 95:3
  30. Psalm 96:5 : Ps. 115:15; Isa. 42:5; 44:24; Jer. 10:12
  31. Psalm 96:6 : [Ps. 78:61]
  32. Psalm 96:7 : Ps. 22:27
  33. Psalm 96:7 : See Ps. 29:1
  34. Psalm 96:8 : Ps. 29:2
  35. Psalm 96:8 : [Ps. 45:12]; See Ps. 68:29; 72:10
  36. Psalm 96:8 : Ps. 100:4
  37. Psalm 96:9 : See Ps. 29:2
  38. Psalm 96:9 : Ps. 114:7
  39. Psalm 96:10 : See Ps. 93:1
  40. Psalm 96:10 : ver. 13; See Ps. 9:8; 58:11
  41. Psalm 96:11 : See Ps. 69:34
  42. Psalm 96:11 : Ps. 97:1
  43. Psalm 96:11 : Ps. 98:7
  44. Psalm 96:12 : [Isa. 35:1]
  45. Psalm 96:12 : [Isa. 55:12]
  46. Psalm 96:13 : See Isa. 11:1-9
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 26:9-12

Like (A)a thorn that goes up into the hand of a drunkard
is a proverb in the mouth of fools.
10 Like an archer who wounds everyone
is one who hires a passing fool or drunkard.[a]
11 Like (B)a dog that returns to his vomit
is (C)a fool who repeats his folly.
12 Do you see a man who is (D)wise in his own eyes?
(E)There is more hope for a fool than for him.


  1. Proverbs 26:10 Or hires a fool or passersby
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday October 24, 2020 (NIV)

Jeremiah 44:24-47:7

24 Then Jeremiah said to all the people, including all the women, “Hear the word of the Lord, all you people of Judah who are in the land of Egypt.(A) 25 This is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: ‘As for you and your wives, you women have spoken with your mouths, and you men fulfilled it by your deeds, saying, “We will keep our vows that we have made to burn incense to the queen of heaven and to pour out drink offerings for her.” Go ahead, confirm your vows! Keep your vows!’

26 “Therefore, hear the word of the Lord, all you Judeans who live in the land of Egypt: ‘I have sworn by my great name,(B) says the Lord, that my name will never again be invoked by anyone of Judah in all the land of Egypt,(C) saying, “As the Lord God lives.” 27 I am watching over them for disaster and not for good,(D) and everyone from Judah who is in the land of Egypt will meet his end by sword or famine until they are finished off. 28 Those who escape the sword will return from the land of Egypt to the land of Judah only few in number,(E) and the whole remnant of Judah, the ones going to the land of Egypt to stay there for a while, will know whose word stands, mine or theirs! 29 This will be a sign to you’—this is the Lord’s declaration—‘that I will punish you in this place, so you may know that my words of disaster concerning you will certainly come to pass.(F) 30 This is what the Lord says: I am about to hand over Pharaoh Hophra,(G) Egypt’s king, to his enemies, to those who intend to take his life, just as I handed over Judah’s King Zedekiah(H) to Babylon’s King Nebuchadnezzar, who was his enemy, the one who intended to take his life.’”

The Lord’s Message to Baruch

45 This is the word that the prophet Jeremiah spoke to Baruch son of Neriah(I) when he wrote these words on a scroll at Jeremiah’s dictation[a](J) in the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah, king of Judah:(K) “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says to you, Baruch: ‘You have said, “Woe is me, because the Lord has added misery to my pain! I am worn out with[b] groaning and have found no rest.”’(L)

“This is what you are to say to him: ‘This is what the Lord says: “What I have built I am about to demolish, and what I have planted I am about to uproot(M)—the whole land! But as for you, do you pursue great things for yourself? Stop pursuing! For I am about to bring disaster on all humanity”—this is the Lord’s declaration—“but I will grant you your life like the spoils of war(N) wherever you go.”’”

Prophecies against the Nations

46 This is the word of the Lord that came to the prophet Jeremiah about the nations:(O)

Prophecies against Egypt

About Egypt and the army of Pharaoh Neco, Egypt’s king,(P) which was defeated at Carchemish(Q) on the Euphrates River by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in the fourth year of Judah’s King Jehoiakim son of Josiah:(R)

Deploy small shields(S) and large;
approach for battle!
Harness the horses;
mount the steeds;[c]
take your positions with helmets on!
Polish the lances;
put on armor!(T)
Why have I seen this?
They are terrified,
they are retreating,
their warriors are crushed,
they flee headlong,
they never look back,
terror is on every side!(U)
This is the Lord’s declaration.
The swift cannot flee,
and the warrior cannot escape!(V)
In the north by the bank of the Euphrates River,
they stumble and fall.(W)
Who is this, rising like the Nile,(X)
with waters that churn like rivers?
Egypt rises like the Nile,(Y)
and its waters churn like rivers.
He boasts, “I will go up, I will cover the earth;
I will destroy cities with their residents.”
Rise up, you cavalry!
Race furiously, you chariots!
Let the warriors march out—
Cush and Put,(Z)
who are able to handle shields,
and the men of Lud,(AA)
who are able to handle and string the bow.(AB)
10 That day belongs to the Lord, the God of Armies,
a day of vengeance to avenge himself
against his adversaries.
The sword will devour and be satisfied;
it will drink its fill of their blood,
because it will be a sacrifice(AC) to the Lord, the God of Armies,
in the northern land by the Euphrates River.(AD)
11 Go up to Gilead and get balm,(AE)
Virgin Daughter Egypt!
You have multiplied remedies in vain;
there is no healing for you.
12 The nations have heard of your dishonor,(AF)
and your cries fill the earth,
because warrior stumbles against warrior
and together both of them have fallen.

13 This is the word the Lord spoke to the prophet Jeremiah about the coming of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon to defeat the land of Egypt:(AG)

14 Announce it in Egypt, and proclaim it in Migdol!(AH)
Proclaim it in Memphis and in Tahpanhes!
Say, “Take positions! Prepare yourself,
for the sword devours all around you.”(AI)
15 Why have your strong ones been swept away?
Each has not stood,
for the Lord has thrust him down.
16 He continues to stumble.(AJ)
Indeed, each falls over the other.
They say, “Get up! Let’s return to our people
and to our native land,
away from the oppressor’s sword.”(AK)
17 There they will cry out,
“Pharaoh king of Egypt was all noise;
he let the opportune moment pass.”
18 As I live—
this is the King’s declaration;
the Lord of Armies is his name(AL)
the king of Babylon[d] will come like Tabor among the mountains
and like Carmel by the sea.
19 Get your bags ready for exile,
inhabitant of Daughter Egypt!(AM)
For Memphis will become a desolation,
uninhabited ruins.
20 Egypt is a beautiful young cow,(AN)
but a horsefly from the north is coming against her.[e](AO)
21 Even her mercenaries among her
are like stall-fed calves.
They too will turn back;
together they will flee;
they will not take their stand,
for the day of their calamity is coming on them,
the time of their punishment.(AP)
22 Egypt will hiss like a slithering snake,[f]
for the enemy will come with an army;
with axes they will come against her
like those who cut trees.(AQ)
23 They will cut down her forest—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
though it is dense,
for they are more numerous than locusts;
they cannot be counted.(AR)
24 Daughter Egypt will be put to shame,
handed over to a northern people.(AS)

25 The Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says, “I am about to punish Amon, god of Thebes,(AT) along with Pharaoh, Egypt, her gods, and her kings—Pharaoh and those trusting in him. 26 I will hand them over to those who intend to take their lives(AU)—to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and his officers. But after this,(AV) Egypt[g] will be inhabited again as in ancient times.”

This is the Lord’s declaration.

Reassurance for Israel

27 But you, my servant Jacob, do not be afraid,(AW)
and do not be discouraged, Israel,
for without fail I will save you from far away,
and your descendants from the land of their captivity!
Jacob will return and have calm and quiet
with no one to frighten him.
28 And you, my servant Jacob, do not be afraid—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
for I will be with you.(AX)
I will bring destruction on all the nations
where I have banished you,
but I will not bring destruction on you.
I will discipline you with justice,
and I will by no means leave you unpunished.(AY)

Prophecies against the Philistines

47 This is the word of the Lord that came to the prophet Jeremiah about the Philistines(AZ) before Pharaoh defeated Gaza.(BA) This is what the Lord says:

Look, water is rising from the north(BB)
and becoming an overflowing wadi.
It will overflow the land and everything in it,(BC)
the cities and their inhabitants.
The people will cry out,
and every inhabitant of the land will wail.
At the sound of the stomping hooves of his stallions,(BD)
the rumbling of his chariots,
and the clatter of their wheels,(BE)
fathers will not turn back for their sons.
They will be utterly helpless[h]
on account of the day that is coming
to destroy all the Philistines,
to cut off from Tyre and Sidon
every remaining ally.(BF)
Indeed, the Lord is about to destroy the Philistines,
the remnant of the coastland of Caphtor.[i](BG)
Baldness(BH) is coming to Gaza;
Ashkelon will become silent.(BI)
Remnant of their valley,
how long will you gash yourself?
Oh, sword of the Lord!(BJ)
How long will you be restless?
Go back to your sheath;
be still; be silent!
How can it[j] rest
when the Lord has given it a command?(BK)
He has assigned it(BL)
against Ashkelon and the shore of the sea.


  1. 45:1 Lit scroll from Jeremiah’s mouth
  2. 45:3 Lit I labored in my
  3. 46:4 Or mount up, riders
  4. 46:18 Lit He
  5. 46:20 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr; other Hb mss read is coming, coming
  6. 46:22 Lit Her sound is like a snake as it goes
  7. 46:26 Lit it
  8. 47:3 Lit Because of weakened hands
  9. 47:4 Probably Crete
  10. 47:7 LXX, Vg; MT reads you
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

2 Timothy 2:22-3:17

22 Flee(A) from youthful passions, and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and peace,(B) along with those who call on the Lord(C) from a pure heart. 23 But reject foolish and ignorant disputes, because you know that they breed quarrels. 24 The Lord’s(D) servant must not quarrel,(E) but must be gentle to everyone, able to teach,[a] and patient, 25 instructing his opponents with gentleness.(F) Perhaps God will grant them repentance(G) leading them to the knowledge of the truth. 26 Then they may come to their senses and escape the trap of the devil,(H) who has taken them captive to do his will.(I)

Difficult Times Ahead

But know this: Hard times will come in the last days.(J) For people will be lovers of self,(K) lovers of money,(L) boastful, proud,(M) demeaning, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy,(N) unloving, irreconcilable, slanderers,(O) without self-control, brutal, without love for what is good,(P) traitors,(Q) reckless,(R) conceited,(S) lovers of pleasure(T) rather than lovers of God, holding to the form of godliness but denying its power.(U) Avoid these people.(V)

For among them are those who worm their way into households and deceive gullible women overwhelmed by sins and led astray by a variety of passions,(W) always learning and never able to come to a knowledge of the truth.(X) Just as Jannes and Jambres(Y) resisted Moses,(Z) so these also resist the truth. They are men who are corrupt in mind(AA) and worthless(AB) in regard to the faith. But they will not make further progress, for their foolishness will be clear to all, as was the foolishness of Jannes and Jambres.

Struggles in the Christian Life

10 But you have followed my teaching, conduct, purpose,(AC) faith, patience, love,(AD) and endurance, 11 along with the persecutions and sufferings(AE) that came to me in Antioch,(AF) Iconium,(AG) and Lystra.(AH) What persecutions I endured—and yet the Lord rescued me from them all. 12 In fact, all who want to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted.(AI) 13 Evil people and impostors will become worse, deceiving(AJ) and being deceived. 14 But as for you, continue in what you have learned and firmly believed. You know those who taught you,(AK) 15 and you know that from infancy you have known the sacred Scriptures,(AL) which are able to give you wisdom for salvation(AM) through faith in Christ Jesus. 16 All Scripture is inspired by God[b](AN) and is profitable for teaching, for rebuking, for correcting, for training in righteousness, 17 so that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.(AO)


  1. 2:24 Or everyone, skillful in teaching
  2. 3:16 Lit breathed out by God
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Psalm 94

Psalm 94

The Just Judge

Lord, God of vengeance—
God of vengeance, shine!(A)
Rise up, Judge of the earth;
repay the proud what they deserve.(B)
Lord, how long will the wicked—
how long will the wicked celebrate?(C)

They pour out arrogant words;
all the evildoers boast.(D)
Lord, they crush your people;
they oppress your heritage.(E)
They kill the widow and the resident alien
and murder the fatherless.(F)
They say, “The Lord doesn’t see it.
The God of Jacob doesn’t pay attention.”(G)

Pay attention, you stupid people!
Fools, when will you be wise?(H)
Can the one who shaped the ear not hear,
the one who formed the eye not see?(I)
10 The one who instructs nations,
the one who teaches mankind knowledge—
does he not discipline?(J)
11 The Lord knows the thoughts of mankind;
they are futile.(K)

12 Lord, how happy is anyone you discipline
and teach from your law(L)
13 to give him relief from troubled times
until a pit is dug for the wicked.(M)
14 The Lord will not leave his people
or abandon his heritage,(N)
15 for the administration of justice will again be righteous,
and all the upright in heart will follow[a] it.(O)

16 Who stands up for me against the wicked?
Who takes a stand for me against evildoers?(P)
17 If the Lord had not been my helper,
I would soon rest in the silence of death.(Q)
18 If I say, “My foot is slipping,”
your faithful love will support me, Lord.(R)
19 When I am filled with cares,
your comfort brings me joy.(S)

20 Can a corrupt throne be your ally,
a throne that makes evil laws?(T)
21 They band together against the life of the righteous
and condemn the innocent to death.(U)
22 But the Lord is my refuge;
my God is the rock of my protection.(V)
23 He will pay them back for their sins
and destroy them for their evil.
The Lord our God will destroy them.(W)


  1. 94:15 Or heart will support; lit heart after
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Proverbs 26:6-8

The one who sends a message by a fool’s hand(A)
cuts off his own feet and drinks violence.(B)
A proverb in the mouth of a fool
is like lame legs that hang limp.
Giving honor to a fool
is like binding a stone in a sling.

Cross references:

  1. 26:6 : Pr 10:26; 25:13
  2. 26:6 : Pr 13:2
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday October 23, 2020 (NIV)

Jeremiah 42:1-44:23

The People Seek Jeremiah’s Counsel

42 Then all the commanders of the armies, along with Johanan son of Kareah,(A) Jezaniah son of Hoshaiah, and all the people from the least to the greatest,(B) approached the prophet Jeremiah and said, “May our petition come before you;(C) pray to the Lord your God on our behalf,(D) on behalf of this entire remnant (for few of us remain out of the many,(E) as you can see with your own eyes), that the Lord your God may tell us the way we should go and the thing we should do.”

So the prophet Jeremiah said to them, “I have heard. I will now pray to the Lord your God according to your words, and I will tell you every word that the Lord answers you; I won’t withhold a word from you.”(F)

And they said to Jeremiah, “May the Lord be a true and faithful witness against us if we don’t act according to every word the Lord your God sends you to tell us.(G) Whether it is pleasant or unpleasant, we will obey the Lord our God to whom we are sending you so that it may go well with us.(H) We will certainly obey the Lord our God!”

Jeremiah’s Advice to Stay

At the end of ten days, the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah, and he summoned Johanan son of Kareah, all the commanders of the armies who were with him, and all the people from the least to the greatest.

He said to them, “This is what the Lord says, the God of Israel to whom you sent me to bring your petition before him: 10 ‘If you will indeed stay in this land, then I will rebuild and not demolish you,(I) and I will plant and not uproot you, because I relent concerning the disaster that I have brought on you.(J) 11 Don’t be afraid of the king of Babylon(K) whom you now fear; don’t be afraid of him’—this is the Lord’s declaration—‘because I am with you to save you(L) and rescue you from him. 12 I will grant you compassion,(M) and he[a] will have compassion on you and allow you to return to your own soil.’

13 “But if you say, ‘We will not stay in this land,’(N) in order to disobey the Lord your God, 14 and if you say, ‘No, instead we’ll go to the land of Egypt(O) where we will not see war or hear the sound of the ram’s horn(P) or hunger for food, and we’ll live there,’ 15 then hear the word of the Lord, remnant of Judah! This is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel,(Q) says: ‘If you are firmly resolved to go to Egypt(R) and stay there for a while, 16 then the sword(S) you fear will overtake you there in the land of Egypt, and the famine you are worried about will follow on your heels[b] there to Egypt, and you will die there. 17 All who resolve to go to Egypt to stay there for a while will die by the sword, famine, and plague. They will have no survivor or fugitive from the disaster I will bring on them.’

18 “For this is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: ‘Just as my anger and fury were poured out on Jerusalem’s residents,(T) so will my fury pour out on you if you go to Egypt. You will become an example for cursing, scorn,(U) execration, and disgrace, and you will never see this place again.’ 19 The Lord has spoken concerning you, remnant of Judah: ‘Don’t go to Egypt.’ Know for certain that I have warned you today!(V) 20 You have gone astray at the cost of your lives[c] because you are the ones who sent me to the Lord your God, saying, ‘Pray to the Lord our God on our behalf, and as for all that the Lord our God says, tell it to us, and we’ll act accordingly.’ 21 For I have told you today, but you have not obeyed the Lord your God in everything he has sent me to tell you. 22 Now therefore, know for certain that by the sword, famine, and plague you will die in the place where you desired to go to stay for a while.”

Jeremiah’s Counsel Rejected

43 When Jeremiah had finished speaking to all the people all the words of the Lord their God—all these words the Lord their God had sent him to give them— then Azariah[d] son of Hoshaiah,(W) Johanan son of Kareah, and all the other arrogant men responded to Jeremiah, “You are speaking a lie! The Lord our God has not sent you to say, ‘You must not go to Egypt to stay there for a while!’ Rather, Baruch son of Neriah is inciting you against us to hand us over to the Chaldeans to put us to death or to deport us to Babylon!”

So Johanan son of Kareah, all the commanders of the armies, and all the people failed to obey the Lord’s command to stay in the land of Judah. Instead, Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the armies led away the whole remnant of Judah,(X) those who had returned to stay in the land of Judah from all the nations where they had been banished. They led away the men, women, children, king’s daughters, and everyone whom Nebuzaradan, captain of the guards, had allowed to remain with Gedaliah son of Ahikam son of Shaphan.(Y) They also led the prophet Jeremiah and Baruch son of Neriah away. They went to the land of Egypt because they did not obey the Lord. They went as far as Tahpanhes.(Z)

God’s Sign to the People in Egypt

Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah at Tahpanhes: “Pick up some large stones and set them in the mortar of the brick pavement that is at the opening of Pharaoh’s palace at Tahpanhes. Do this in the sight of the Judean men 10 and tell them, ‘This is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: I will send for my servant Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and I will place his throne on these stones that I have embedded, and he will pitch his pavilion over them. 11 He will come and strike down the land of Egypt(AA)—those destined for death, to death; those destined for captivity, to captivity; and those destined for the sword, to the sword.(AB) 12 I[e] will kindle a fire in the temples of Egypt’s gods,(AC) and he will burn them and take them captive. He will clean the land of Egypt as a shepherd picks lice off[f] his clothes,(AD) and he will leave there unscathed. 13 He will smash the sacred pillars of the sun temple[g][h] in the land of Egypt and burn the temples of the Egyptian gods.’”

God’s Judgment against His People in Egypt

44 This is the word that came to Jeremiah for all the Jews living in the land of Egypt—at Migdol,(AE) Tahpanhes,(AF) Memphis,(AG) and in the land of Pathros:(AH) “This is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: You have seen all the disaster I brought against Jerusalem and all Judah’s cities. Look, they are a ruin today without an inhabitant in them(AI) because of the evil they committed to anger me,(AJ) by going and burning incense to serve other gods that they, you, and your ancestors did not know.(AK) So I sent you all my servants the prophets time and time again,[i](AL) saying, ‘Don’t commit this detestable action that I hate.’ But they did not listen or pay attention; they did not turn from their evil or stop burning incense to other gods. So my fierce wrath poured out and burned in Judah’s cities and Jerusalem’s streets(AM) so that they became the desolate ruin they are today.

“So now, this is what the Lord, the God of Armies, the God of Israel, says: Why are you doing such terrible harm to yourselves? You are cutting off man and woman, infant and nursing baby(AN) from Judah, leaving yourselves without a remnant.(AO) You are angering me by the work of your hands. You are burning incense to other gods in the land of Egypt where you have gone to stay for a while. As a result, you will be cut off and become an example for cursing and insult among all the nations of earth.(AP) Have you forgotten the evils of your ancestors, the evils of Judah’s kings, the evils of their wives, your own evils, and the evils of your wives that were committed in the land of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 10 They have not become humble to this day, and they have not feared or followed my instruction or my statutes that I set before you and your ancestors.

11 “Therefore, this is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: I am about to set my face against you to bring disaster,(AQ) to cut off all Judah.(AR) 12 And I will take away the remnant of Judah,(AS) those who have set their face to go to the land of Egypt to stay there. All of them will meet their end in the land of Egypt. They will fall by the sword; they will meet their end by famine. From the least to the greatest,(AT) they will die by the sword and by famine. Then they will become an example for cursing, scorn,(AU) execration, and disgrace.(AV) 13 I will punish those living in the land of Egypt just as I punished Jerusalem by sword, famine, and plague. 14 Then the remnant of Judah—those going to live for a while there in the land of Egypt—will have no fugitive or survivor to return to the land of Judah where they are longing[j] to return to stay,(AW) for they will not return except for a few fugitives.”

The People’s Stubborn Response

15 However, all the men who knew that their wives were burning incense to other gods, all the women standing by—a great assembly—and all the people who were living in the land of Egypt at Pathros answered Jeremiah, 16 “As for the word you spoke to us in the name of the Lord, we are not going to listen to you! 17 Instead, we will do everything we promised:[k] we will burn incense to the queen of heaven[l] and offer drink offerings to her just as we, our ancestors, our kings, and our officials did in Judah’s cities(AX) and in Jerusalem’s streets. Then we had enough food, we were well off, and we saw no disaster, 18 but from the time we ceased to burn incense to the queen of heaven and to offer her drink offerings, we have lacked everything, and through sword and famine we have met our end.”(AY)

19 And the women said,[m] “When we burned incense to the queen of heaven and poured out drink offerings to her, was it apart from our husbands’ knowledge(AZ) that we made sacrificial cakes in her image and poured out drink offerings to her?”

20 But Jeremiah responded to all the people—the men, women, and all the people who were answering him: 21 “As for the incense you burned in Judah’s cities(BA) and in Jerusalem’s streets—you, your ancestors, your kings, your officials, and the people of the land—did the Lord not remember them? He brought this to mind. 22 The Lord can no longer bear your evil deeds and the detestable acts you have committed,(BB) so your land has become a waste, a desolation, and an example for cursing, without inhabitant, as you see today. 23 Because you burned incense and sinned against the Lord and didn’t obey the Lord(BC) and didn’t follow his instruction, his statutes, and his testimonies, this disaster has come to you, as you see today.”


  1. 42:12 LXX reads I
  2. 42:16 Lit will cling after you
  3. 42:20 Or You have led your own selves astray
  4. 43:2 = Jezaniah
  5. 43:12 LXX, Syr, Vg read He
  6. 43:12 Or will wrap himself in the land of Egypt as a shepherd wraps himself in
  7. 43:13 Or Beth-shemesh
  8. 43:13 = of Heliopolis
  9. 44:4 Lit prophets, rising up early and sending
  10. 44:14 Lit lifting up their soul
  11. 44:17 Lit do every word that came from our mouth
  12. 44:17 = Ashtoreth, or Astarte
  13. 44:19 LXX, Syr; MT omits And the women said

Cross references:

  1. 42:1 : Jr 40:13; 41:11
  2. 42:1 : Est 1:20; Jr 6:13; 8:10; 31:34; 42:8; 44:12
  3. 42:2 : Jr 36:7
  4. 42:2 : 1Sm 7:8; 12:19; Is 37:4; Jr 42:20
  5. 42:2 : Lv 26:22
  6. 42:4 : 1Sm 3:17–18
  7. 42:5 : Gn 31:50; Jdg 11:10
  8. 42:6 : Jr 7:23
  9. 42:10 : Jr 24:6
  10. 42:10 : Ex 32:12,14; 2Sm 24:16; Jr 18:8; 26:3,13; Jl 2:13; Jnh 3:10; 4:2
  11. 42:11 : Jr 41:18
  12. 42:11 : Rm 8:31
  13. 42:12 : Neh 1:11; Jr 12:15; 30:18; 31:20; 33:26
  14. 42:13 : Jr 44:16–17
  15. 42:14 : Jr 41:17
  16. 42:14 : Jr 4:19,21
  17. 42:15 : Is 21:10; Jr 7:3,21; 9:15; 16:9; 19:3,15; 27:4,21; 28:2,14; 29:4,8,21,25
  18. 42:15 : Dt 17:16; Jr 44:12–14
  19. 42:16 : Ezk 11:8
  20. 42:18 : Jr 7:20
  21. 42:18 : Dt 28:37; 2Ch 29:8; 30:7; Jr 5:30; 18:16; 19:8; 25:9,18; 29:18; 44:12,22; 49:17; 50:13; Mc 6:16; Zph 2:15
  22. 42:19 : Ezk 2:5
  23. 43:2 : Jr 42:1
  24. 43:5 : Jr 40:11–12
  25. 43:6 : Jr 39:10; 40:7
  26. 43:7–8 : Jr 2:16; 44:1; 46:14
  27. 43:11 : Jr 44:13; 46:13–26
  28. 43:11 : Jr 15:2
  29. 43:12 : Ex 12:12; Is 19:1; Jr 46:25; Ezk 30:13
  30. 43:12 : Ps 104:2; Is 49:18
  31. 44:1 : Ex 14:2; Nm 33:7; Jr 46:14; Ezk 29:10
  32. 44:1 : Jr 2:16; 43:7–9; 46:14
  33. 44:1 : Is 19:13; Jr 2:16; 46:14,19; Ezk 30:13,16; Hs 9:6
  34. 44:1 : Is 11:11; Ezk 29:14; 30:14
  35. 44:2 : Jos 8:26; Is 5:9; 6:11; Jr 2:15; 4:29; 6:8; 33:10; 34:22; 44:22; 48:9; 51:37; Zph 3:6
  36. 44:3 : Jr 7:19
  37. 44:3 : 2Kg 22:17; 2Ch 28:25; 34:25; Jr 1:16; 7:9; 19:4,13; 32:29
  38. 44:4 : Jr 7:13,25; 11:7; 25:3; 26:5; 29:19; 32:33; 35:14,15
  39. 44:6 : Jr 7:34
  40. 44:7 : 1Sm 15:3; 22:19
  41. 44:7 : Jr 11:23; 40:15; 44:15; Ezr 9:14
  42. 44:8 : Jr 24:9; 42:18; 44:12; 49:13
  43. 44:11 : Jr 21:10
  44. 44:11 : 1Sm 20:15; Ps 109:13; Is 10:7; Jr 9:21; 47:4; 51:62; Ob 14
  45. 44:12 : Jr 42:15–18
  46. 44:12 : Est 1:20; Jr 6:13; 8:10; 31:34; 42:1; 42:8
  47. 44:12 : Jr 18:16
  48. 44:12 : Dt 28:37; 2Ch 29:8; 30:7; Jr 5:30; 18:16; 19:8; 25:9,18; 29:18; 42:18; 44:22; 49:17; 50:13; Mc 6:16; Zph 2:15
  49. 44:14 : Jr 22:26–27
  50. 44:17 : Jr 7:18
  51. 44:18 : Jr 14:15; 16:4
  52. 44:19 : Nm 30:6–7
  53. 44:21 : Ezk 8:10–11
  54. 44:22 : Is 1:14; 7:13; 43:24; Jr 15:6; Mal 2:17
  55. 44:23 : Jr 40:3
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

2 Timothy 2:1-21

Be Strong in Grace

You, therefore, my son, be strong in the grace(A) that is in Christ Jesus. What you have heard from me(B) in the presence of many witnesses, commit to faithful(C) men[a] who will be able to teach others also.

Share in suffering as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.(D) No one serving as a soldier gets entangled in the concerns of civilian life; he seeks to please the commanding officer. Also, if anyone competes as an athlete, he is not crowned unless he competes according to the rules. The hardworking farmer ought to be the first to get a share of the crops.(E) Consider what I say, for the Lord will give you understanding in everything.

Remember Jesus Christ, risen from the dead(F) and descended from David, according to my gospel, for which I suffer to the point of being bound like a criminal. But the word of God is not bound. 10 This is why I endure(G) all things for the elect:(H) so that they also may obtain salvation, which is in Christ Jesus, with eternal glory.(I) 11 This saying is trustworthy:(J)

For if we died with him,(K)
we will also live with him;
12 if we endure, we will also reign(L) with him;
if we deny him, he will also deny us;
13 if we are faithless, he remains faithful,
for he cannot deny himself.

An Approved Worker

14 Remind them of these things, and charge them before God[b] not to fight about words.(M) This is useless and leads to the ruin of those who listen. 15 Be diligent to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who doesn’t need to be ashamed, correctly teaching the word of truth.(N) 16 Avoid irreverent and empty speech, since those who engage in it will produce even more godlessness,(O) 17 and their teaching will spread like gangrene. Hymenaeus(P) and Philetus are among them. 18 They have departed from the truth, saying that the resurrection has already taken place,(Q) and are ruining the faith of some.(R) 19 Nevertheless, God’s solid foundation stands firm, bearing this inscription:(S) The Lord knows those who are his,[c](T) and let everyone who calls on the name(U) of[d] the Lord turn away from wickedness.(V)

20 Now in a large house there are not only gold and silver vessels,(W) but also those of wood and clay; some for honorable[e] use and some for dishonorable.[f](X) 21 So if anyone purifies himself from anything dishonorable,[g] he will be a special[h] instrument, set apart, useful to the Master, prepared for every good work.(Y)


  1. 2:2 Or faithful people
  2. 2:14 Other mss read before the Lord
  3. 2:19 Nm 16:5
  4. 2:19 Lit everyone who names the name of
  5. 2:20 Or special
  6. 2:20 Or ordinary
  7. 2:21 Lit from these
  8. 2:21 Or an honorable
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Psalm 92-93

Psalm 92

God’s Love and Faithfulness

A psalm. A song for the Sabbath day.

It is good to give thanks to the Lord,
to sing praise to your name, Most High,(A)
to declare your faithful love in the morning
and your faithfulness at night,(B)
with a ten-stringed harp[a]
and the music of a lyre.(C)

For you have made me rejoice, Lord,
by what you have done;
I will shout for joy
because of the works of your hands.(D)
How magnificent are your works, Lord,
how profound your thoughts!(E)
A stupid person does not know,
a fool does not understand this:(F)
though the wicked sprout like grass(G)
and all evildoers flourish,
they will be eternally destroyed.(H)
But you, Lord, are exalted forever.(I)
For indeed, Lord, your enemies—
indeed, your enemies will perish;
all evildoers will be scattered.(J)
10 You have lifted up my horn(K)
like that of a wild ox;
I have been anointed[b] with the finest oil.(L)
11 My eyes look at my enemies;
when evildoers rise against me,
my ears hear them.(M)

12 The righteous thrive like a palm tree
and grow like a cedar tree in Lebanon.(N)
13 Planted in the house of the Lord,
they thrive in the courts of our God.(O)
14 They will still bear fruit in old age,
healthy and green,(P)
15 to declare, “The Lord is just;
he is my rock,
and there is no unrighteousness in him.”(Q)

Psalm 93

God’s Eternal Reign

The Lord reigns! He is robed in majesty;
the Lord is robed, enveloped in strength.
The world is firmly established;
it cannot be shaken.(R)
Your throne has been established
from the beginning;[c]
you are from eternity.(S)
The floods have lifted up, Lord,
the floods have lifted up their voice;
the floods lift up their pounding waves.(T)
Greater than the roar of a huge torrent—
the mighty breakers of the sea—
the Lord on high is majestic.(U)

Lord, your testimonies are completely reliable;(V)
holiness adorns your house
for all the days to come.(W)


  1. 92:3 Or ten-stringed instrument and a harp
  2. 92:10 Syr reads you have anointed me
  3. 93:2 Lit from then
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Proverbs 26:3-5

A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey,(A)
and a rod for the backs of fools.(B)
Don’t answer a fool according to his foolishness(C)
or you’ll be like him yourself.
Answer a fool according to his foolishness(D)
or he’ll become wise in his own eyes.(E)

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday October 22, 2020 (NIV)

Jeremiah 39-41

The Fall of Jerusalem to Babylon

39 In the ninth year of King Zedekiah of Judah, in the tenth month, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon advanced against Jerusalem with his entire army and laid siege to it.(A) In the fourth month of Zedekiah’s eleventh year, on the ninth day of the month, the city was broken into.(B) All the officials of the king of Babylon entered and sat at the Middle Gate: Nergal-sharezer, Samgar, Nebusarsechim[a] the chief of staff, Nergal-sharezer the chief soothsayer, and all the rest of the officials of Babylon’s king.(C)

When King Zedekiah of Judah and all the fighting men saw them, they fled. They left the city at night by way of the king’s garden(D) through the city gate between the two walls. They left along the route to the Arabah.(E) However, the Chaldean army pursued them and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho. They arrested him and brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar, Babylon’s king, at Riblah in the land of Hamath. The king passed sentence on him there.(F)

At Riblah the king of Babylon slaughtered Zedekiah’s sons before his eyes, and he also slaughtered all Judah’s nobles. Then he blinded Zedekiah and put him in bronze chains to take him to Babylon.(G) The Chaldeans next burned down the king’s palace and the people’s houses and tore down the walls of Jerusalem.(H) Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guards,(I) deported the rest of the people to Babylon—those who had remained in the city and those deserters who had defected to him along with the rest of the people who remained. 10 However, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guards, left in the land of Judah some of the poor people who owned nothing, and he gave them vineyards and fields at that time.(J)

Jeremiah Freed by Nebuchadnezzar

11 Speaking through Nebuzaradan, captain of the guards, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon gave orders concerning Jeremiah: 12 “Take him and look after him. Don’t do him any harm, but do for him whatever he says.” 13 Nebuzaradan, captain of the guards, Nebushazban the chief of staff, Nergal-sharezer the chief soothsayer, and all the captains of Babylon’s king 14 had Jeremiah brought from the guard’s courtyard(K) and turned him over to Gedaliah(L) son of Ahikam,(M) son of Shaphan, to take him home. So he settled among his own people.

15 Now the word of the Lord had come to Jeremiah when he was confined in the guard’s courtyard:(N) 16 “Go tell Ebed-melech the Cushite,(O) ‘This is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: I am about to fulfill my words for disaster and not for good against this city. They will take place before your eyes on that day. 17 But I will rescue you on that day—this is the Lord’s declaration—and you will not be handed over to the men you dread. 18 Indeed, I will certainly deliver you so that you do not fall by the sword. Because you have trusted in me, you will retain your life like the spoils of war.(P) This is the Lord’s declaration.’”

Jeremiah Stays in Judah

40 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord after Nebuzaradan, captain of the guards, released him at Ramah.(Q) When he found him, he was bound in chains with all the exiles of Jerusalem and Judah who were being exiled to Babylon. The captain of the guards took Jeremiah and said to him, “The Lord your God decreed this disaster on this place,(R) and the Lord has fulfilled it. He has done just what he decreed. Because you people have sinned against the Lord(S) and have not obeyed him, this thing has happened. Now pay attention: Today I am setting you free from the chains that were on your hands.(T) If it pleases you to come with me to Babylon, come, and I will take care of you. But if it seems wrong to you to come with me to Babylon, go no farther.[b] Look—the whole land is in front of you.(U) Wherever it seems good and right for you to go, go there.” When Jeremiah had not yet turned to go, Nebuzaradan said to him,[c] “Return[d] to Gedaliah son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, whom the king of Babylon has appointed over the cities of Judah, and stay with him among the people or go wherever it seems right for you to go.” So the captain of the guards gave him a ration(V) and a gift(W) and released him. Jeremiah therefore went to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah,(X) and he stayed with him among the people who remained in the land.

Gedaliah Advises Peace

All the commanders of the armies that were in the countryside—they and their men—heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam over the land. He had been put in charge of the men, women, and children from among the poorest of the land, who had not been deported to Babylon. So they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. The commanders included Ishmael(Y) son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah son of the Maacathite—they and their men.

Gedaliah son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, swore an oath to them and their men, assuring them, “Don’t be afraid to serve the Chaldeans. Live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well for you.(Z) 10 As for me, I am going to live in Mizpah to represent you[e] before the Chaldeans(AA) who come to us. As for you, gather wine, summer fruit, and oil, place them in your storage jars, and live in the cities you have captured.”

11 When all the Judeans in Moab(AB) and among the Ammonites and in(AC) Edom and in all the other lands(AD) also heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant in Judah and had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, over them, 12 they all returned from all the places where they had been banished(AE) and came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah at Mizpah, and harvested a great amount of wine and summer fruit.

13 Meanwhile, Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the armies in the countryside came to Gedaliah at Mizpah 14 and warned him, “Don’t you realize that Baalis, king of the Ammonites, has sent Ishmael son of Nethaniah(AF) to kill you?” But Gedaliah son of Ahikam would not believe them. 15 Then Johanan son of Kareah suggested to Gedaliah in private at Mizpah, “Let me go kill Ishmael son of Nethaniah. No one will know it. Why should he kill you and allow all of Judah that has gathered around you to scatter and the remnant of Judah to perish?” (AG)

16 But Gedaliah son of Ahikam responded to Johanan son of Kareah, “Don’t do that! What you’re saying about Ishmael is a lie.”

Gedaliah Assassinated by Ishmael

41 In the seventh month, Ishmael son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, of the royal family and one of the king’s chief officers, came with ten men to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah. They ate a meal together there in Mizpah, but then Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the ten men who were with him got up and struck down Gedaliah son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, with the sword; he killed the one the king of Babylon had appointed in the land.(AH) Ishmael also struck down all the Judeans who were with Gedaliah at Mizpah, as well as the Chaldean soldiers who were there.(AI)

On the day after he had killed Gedaliah, when no one knew yet, eighty men came from Shechem, Shiloh,(AJ) and Samaria(AK) who had shaved their beards,(AL) torn their clothes, and gashed themselves, and(AM) who were carrying grain and incense offerings to bring to the temple of the Lord.(AN) Ishmael son of Nethaniah came out of Mizpah to meet them, weeping as he came. When he encountered them, he said, “Come to Gedaliah son of Ahikam!” But when they came into the city, Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the men with him slaughtered them and threw them into[f] a cistern.

However, there were ten men among them who said to Ishmael, “Don’t kill us, for we have hidden treasure in the field—wheat, barley, oil, and honey!” So he stopped and did not kill them along with their companions. Now the cistern where Ishmael had thrown all the corpses of the men he had struck down was a large one[g] that King Asa had made in the encounter with King Baasha of Israel.(AO) Ishmael son of Nethaniah filled it with the slain.

10 Then Ishmael took captive all the rest of the people of Mizpah including the daughters of the king—all those who remained in Mizpah over whom Nebuzaradan, captain of the guards, had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam. Ishmael son of Nethaniah took them captive and set off to cross over to the Ammonites.(AP)

The Captives Rescued by Johanan

11 When Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the armies(AQ) with him heard of all the evil that Ishmael son of Nethaniah had done, 12 they took all their men and went to fight with Ishmael son of Nethaniah. They found him by the great pool in Gibeon.(AR) 13 When all the people held by Ishmael saw Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the army with him, they rejoiced. 14 All the people whom Ishmael had taken captive from Mizpah turned around and rejoined Johanan son of Kareah. 15 But Ishmael son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men and went to the Ammonites. 16 Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the armies with him then took from Mizpah all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael son of Nethaniah after Ishmael had killed Gedaliah son of Ahikam—men, soldiers, women, children, and court officials whom he brought back from Gibeon. 17 They left, stopping in Geruth Chimham,(AS) which is near Bethlehem, in order to make their way into Egypt, 18 away from the Chaldeans. For they feared them because Ishmael son of Nethaniah had struck down Gedaliah son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon had appointed over the land.(AT)


  1. 39:3 LXX; MT reads Samgar-nebu, Sarsechim
  2. 40:4 Lit Babylon, stop
  3. 40:5 Nebuzaradan said to him supplied for clarity
  4. 40:5 LXX reads “But if not, run, return; Hb obscure
  5. 40:10 Lit to stand
  6. 41:7 Syr; MT reads slaughtered them in
  7. 41:9 LXX; MT reads down by the hand of Gedaliah
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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2 Timothy 1


Paul,(A) an apostle of Christ Jesus by God’s will,(B) for the sake of the promise of life(C) in Christ Jesus:

To Timothy, my dearly loved son.

Grace, mercy, and peace(D) from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.


I thank God, whom I serve with a clear conscience(E) as my ancestors did, when I constantly remember you in my prayers night and day.(F) Remembering your tears, I long to see you so that I may be filled with joy. I recall your sincere faith(G) that first lived in your grandmother Lois and in your mother Eunice(H) and now, I am convinced, is in you also.

Therefore, I remind you to rekindle the gift of God that is in you through the laying on of my hands.(I) For God has not given us a spirit of fear,(J) but one of power,[a](K) love,(L) and sound judgment.

Not Ashamed of the Gospel

So don’t be ashamed(M) of the testimony about our Lord,(N) or of me his prisoner.(O) Instead, share in suffering for the gospel, relying on the power(P) of God. He has saved us and called us with a holy calling,(Q) not according to our works,(R) but according to his own purpose(S) and grace, which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began. 10 This has now been made evident through the appearing(T) of our Savior Christ Jesus, who has abolished death(U) and has brought life(V) and immortality to light through the gospel. 11 For this gospel I was appointed(W) a herald, apostle, and teacher,[b] 12 and that is why I suffer(X) these things. But I am not ashamed, because I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that he is able to guard what has been entrusted to me[c](Y) until that day.(Z)

Be Loyal to the Faith

13 Hold on to the pattern of sound teaching(AA) that you have heard from me,(AB) in the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. 14 Guard the good deposit through the Holy Spirit who lives in us. 15 You know that all those in the province of Asia(AC) have deserted me,(AD) including Phygelus and Hermogenes. 16 May the Lord grant mercy(AE) to the household of Onesiphorus,(AF) because he often refreshed me(AG) and was not ashamed of my chains.(AH) 17 On the contrary, when he was in Rome,(AI) he diligently searched for me and found me. 18 May the Lord grant that he obtain mercy(AJ) from him on that day. You know very well how much he ministered at Ephesus.(AK)


  1. 1:7 Or For the Spirit God gave us does not make us fearful, but gives us power
  2. 1:11 Other mss add of the Gentiles
  3. 1:12 Or guard what I have entrusted to him, or guard my deposit
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Psalm 90-91


(Psalms 90–106)

Psalm 90

Eternal God and Mortal Man

A prayer of Moses, the man of God.

Lord, you have been our refuge[a]
in every generation.(A)
Before the mountains were born,
before you gave birth to the earth and the world,
from eternity to eternity, you are God.(B)

You return mankind to the dust,
saying, “Return, descendants of Adam.”(C)
For in your sight a thousand years
are like yesterday that passes by,
like a few hours of the night.(D)
You end their lives;[b] they sleep.(E)
They are like grass that grows in the morning—
in the morning it sprouts and grows;
by evening it withers and dries up.(F)

For we are consumed by your anger;
we are terrified by your wrath.(G)
You have set our iniquities before you,
our secret sins in the light of your presence.(H)
For all our days ebb away under your wrath;
we end our years like a sigh.(I)
10 Our lives last[c] seventy years
or, if we are strong, eighty years.
Even the best of them are[d] struggle and sorrow;
indeed, they pass quickly and we fly away.(J)
11 Who understands the power of your anger?
Your wrath matches the fear that is due you.(K)
12 Teach us to number our days carefully
so that we may develop wisdom in our hearts.[e](L)

13 Lord—how long?
Turn and have compassion on your servants.(M)
14 Satisfy us in the morning with your faithful love
so that we may shout with joy and be glad all our days.(N)
15 Make us rejoice for as many days as you have humbled us,
for as many years as we have seen adversity.(O)
16 Let your work be seen by your servants,
and your splendor by their children.(P)
17 Let the favor of the Lord our God be on us;
establish for us the work of our hands—
establish the work of our hands!(Q)

Psalm 91

The Protection of the Most High

The one who lives under the protection of the Most High
dwells in the shadow of the Almighty.(R)

I will say[f] concerning the Lord, who is my refuge and my fortress,
my God in whom I trust:(S)
He himself will rescue you from the bird trap,(T)
from the destructive plague.
He will cover you with his feathers;
you will take refuge under his wings.(U)
His faithfulness will be a protective shield.(V)
You will not fear the terror of the night,
the arrow that flies by day,(W)
the plague that stalks in darkness,
or the pestilence that ravages at noon.(X)
Though a thousand fall at your side
and ten thousand at your right hand,
the pestilence will not reach you.(Y)
You will only see it with your eyes
and witness the punishment of the wicked.(Z)

Because you have made the Lord—my refuge,(AA)
the Most High—your dwelling place,(AB)
10 no harm will come to you;
no plague will come near your tent.(AC)
11 For he will give his angels orders concerning you,
to protect you in all your ways.(AD)
12 They will support you with their hands
so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.(AE)
13 You will tread on the lion and the cobra;
you will trample the young lion and the serpent.(AF)

14 Because he has his heart set on me,
I will deliver him;
I will protect him because he knows my name.(AG)
15 When he calls out to me, I will answer him;
I will be with him in trouble.
I will rescue him and give him honor.(AH)
16 I will satisfy him with a long life(AI)
and show him my salvation.(AJ)


  1. 90:1 Some Hb mss, LXX; other Hb mss read dwelling place
  2. 90:5 Or You overwhelm them; Hb obscure
  3. 90:10 Lit The days of our years in them
  4. 90:10 LXX, Tg, Syr, Vg read Even their span is; Hb obscure
  5. 90:12 Or develop a heart of wisdom
  6. 91:1–2 LXX, Syr, Jer read Almighty, saying, or Almighty, he will say
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Proverbs 26:1-2

26 Like snow in summer and rain at harvest,(A)
honor is inappropriate for a fool.(B)

Like a flitting sparrow or a fluttering swallow,(C)
an undeserved curse goes nowhere.(D)

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday October 21, 2020 (NIV)

Jeremiah 37-38

Jerusalem’s Last Days

37 Zedekiah son of Josiah(A) reigned as king in the land of Judah(B) in place of Coniah[a](C) son of Jehoiakim, for King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon made him king. He and his officers and the people of the land did not obey the words of the Lord(D) that he spoke through the prophet Jeremiah.

Nevertheless, King Zedekiah sent Jehucal(E) son of Shelemiah and Zephaniah(F) son of Maaseiah, the priest, to the prophet Jeremiah, requesting, “Please pray to the Lord our God on our behalf!” Jeremiah was going about his daily tasks[b] among the people, for he had not yet been put into the prison.(G) Pharaoh’s army had left Egypt,(H) and when the Chaldeans, who were besieging Jerusalem, heard the report, they withdrew from Jerusalem.

The word of the Lord came to the prophet Jeremiah: “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: This is what you will say to Judah’s king,(I) who is sending you to inquire of me: ‘Watch: Pharaoh’s army, which has come out to help you,(J) is going to return to its own land of Egypt. The Chaldeans will then return and fight against this city. They will capture it and burn it.(K) This is what the Lord says: Don’t deceive yourselves by saying, “The Chaldeans will leave us for good,” for they will not leave. 10 Indeed, if you were to strike down the entire Chaldean army that is fighting with you,(L) and there remained among them only the badly wounded[c] men, each in his tent, they would get up and burn this city.’”

Jeremiah’s Imprisonment

11 When the Chaldean army withdrew from Jerusalem because of Pharaoh’s army, 12 Jeremiah started to leave Jerusalem to go to the land of Benjamin to claim his portion there(M) among the people. 13 But when he was at the Benjamin Gate,(N) an officer of the guard was there, whose name was Irijah son of Shelemiah, son of Hananiah, and he apprehended the prophet Jeremiah, saying, “You are defecting to the Chaldeans.”

14 “That’s a lie,” Jeremiah replied. “I am not defecting to the Chaldeans!” Irijah would not listen to him but apprehended Jeremiah and took him to the officials. 15 The officials were angry at Jeremiah and beat him and placed him in jail in the house of Jonathan(O) the scribe, for it had been made into a prison. 16 So Jeremiah went into a cell in the dungeon(P) and stayed there many days.

Jeremiah Summoned by Zedekiah

17 King Zedekiah later sent for him and received him, and in his house privately asked him, “Is there a word from the Lord?” (Q)

“There is,” Jeremiah responded. He continued, “You will be handed over to the king of Babylon.”(R) 18 Then Jeremiah said to King Zedekiah, “How have I sinned against you or your servants or these people that you have put me in prison? 19 Where are your prophets who prophesied to you, claiming, ‘The king of Babylon will not come against you and this land’?(S) 20 So now please listen, my lord the king. May my petition come before you.(T) Don’t send me back to the house of Jonathan the scribe, or I will die there.”

21 So King Zedekiah gave orders, and Jeremiah was placed in the guard’s courtyard.(U) He was given a loaf of bread each day from the bakers’ street until all the bread was gone from the city. So Jeremiah remained in the guard’s courtyard.

Jeremiah Thrown into a Cistern

38 Now Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jucal[d] son of Shelemiah,(V) and Pashhur son of Malchijah heard the words Jeremiah was speaking to all the people: “This is what the Lord says: ‘Whoever stays in this city will die by the sword, famine, and plague,(W) but whoever surrenders to the Chaldeans will live.(X) He will retain his life like the spoils of war and will live.’(Y) This is what the Lord says: ‘This city will most certainly be handed over to the king of Babylon’s army,(Z) and he will capture it.’”

The officials then said to the king, “This man ought to die, because he is weakening the morale[e] of the warriors who remain in this city and of all the people by speaking to them in this way. This man is not pursuing the welfare of this people, but their harm.”(AA)

King Zedekiah said, “Here he is; he’s in your hands since the king can’t do anything against you.” So they took Jeremiah and dropped him into the cistern of Malchiah the king’s son, which was in the guard’s courtyard, lowering Jeremiah with ropes. There was no water in the cistern, only mud, and Jeremiah sank in the mud.(AB)

But Ebed-melech, a Cushite court official in the king’s palace, heard Jeremiah had been put into the cistern. While the king was sitting at the Benjamin Gate,(AC) Ebed-melech went from the king’s palace and spoke to the king: “My lord the king, these men have been evil in all they have done to the prophet Jeremiah. They have dropped him into the cistern where he will die from hunger, because there is no more bread in the city.”(AD)

10 So the king commanded Ebed-melech, the Cushite, “Take from here thirty men under your authority[f] and pull the prophet Jeremiah up from the cistern before he dies.”

11 So Ebed-melech took the men under his authority[g] and went to the king’s palace to a place below the storehouse.[h] From there he took old rags and worn-out clothes and lowered them by ropes to Jeremiah in the cistern. 12 Ebed-melech the Cushite called down to Jeremiah, “Place these old rags and clothes between your armpits and the ropes.” Jeremiah did this. 13 They pulled him up with the ropes and lifted him out of the cistern, but he remained in the guard’s courtyard.

Zedekiah’s Final Meeting with Jeremiah

14 King Zedekiah sent for the prophet Jeremiah and received him at the third entrance of the Lord’s temple. The king said to Jeremiah, “I am going to ask you something; don’t hide anything from me.”

15 Jeremiah replied to Zedekiah, “If I tell you, you will kill me, won’t you? Besides, if I give you advice, you won’t listen to me anyway.”

16 King Zedekiah swore to Jeremiah in private,(AE) “As the Lord lives, who has given us this life,(AF) I will not kill you or hand you over to these men who intend to take your life.”

17 Jeremiah therefore said to Zedekiah, “This is what the Lord, the God of Armies, the God of Israel, says: ‘If indeed you surrender to the officials of the king of Babylon,(AG) then you will live, this city will not be burned, and you and your household will survive. 18 But if you do not surrender to the officials of the king of Babylon, then this city will be handed over to the Chaldeans.(AH) They will burn it, and you yourself will not escape from them.’”

19 But King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “I am worried about the Judeans who have defected to the Chaldeans. They may hand me over to the Judeans to abuse me.”(AI)

20 “They will not hand you over,” Jeremiah replied. “Obey the Lord in what I am telling you, so it may go well for you and you can live. 21 But if you refuse to surrender, this is the verdict[i] that the Lord has shown me: 22 ‘All the women[j] who remain in the palace of Judah’s king will be brought out to the officials of the king of Babylon and will say to you,[k]

“Your trusted friends[l] misled[m] you
and overcame you.
Your feet sank into the mire,
and they deserted you.”

23 All your wives and children will be brought out to the Chaldeans.(AJ) You yourself will not escape from them, for you will be seized by the king of Babylon and this city will burn.’”

24 Then Zedekiah warned Jeremiah, “Don’t let anyone know about this conversation[n] or you will die. 25 The officials may hear that I have spoken with you(AK) and come and demand of you, ‘Tell us what you said to the king; don’t hide anything from us and we won’t kill you. Also, what did the king say to you?’ 26 If they do, tell them, ‘I was bringing before the king my petition that he not return me to the house of Jonathan to die there.’”(AL) 27 All the officials did come to Jeremiah, and they questioned him. He reported the exact words to them the king had commanded, and they quit speaking with him because the conversation[o] had not been overheard. 28 Jeremiah remained in the guard’s courtyard until the day Jerusalem was captured, and he was there when it happened.[p]


  1. 37:1 = Jehoiachin
  2. 37:4 Lit was coming in and going out
  3. 37:10 Lit the pierced
  4. 38:1 = Jehucal in Jr 37:3
  5. 38:4 Lit hands
  6. 38:10 Lit men in your hand
  7. 38:11 Lit men in his hand
  8. 38:11 Or treasury
  9. 38:21 Or promise; lit word
  10. 38:22 Or wives
  11. 38:22 to you supplied for clarity
  12. 38:22 Lit “The men of your peace
  13. 38:22 Or incited
  14. 38:24 Lit about these words
  15. 38:27 Lit word
  16. 38:28 Or captured. This is what happened when Jerusalem was captured:
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1 Timothy 6

Honoring Masters

All who are under the yoke as slaves should regard their own masters[a] as worthy of all respect, so that God’s name(A) and his teaching will not be blasphemed. Let those who have believing masters not be disrespectful to them because they are brothers, but serve them even better, since those who benefit from their service are believers and dearly loved.[b](B)

False Doctrine and Human Greed

Teach and encourage these things. If anyone teaches false doctrine and does not agree with the sound teaching of our Lord(C) Jesus Christ and with the teaching that promotes godliness,(D) he is conceited and understands nothing, but has an unhealthy interest in disputes and arguments over words.(E) From these come envy,(F) quarreling,(G) slander,(H) evil suspicions, and constant disagreement among people whose minds are depraved and deprived of the truth, who imagine that godliness is a way to material gain.[c](I) But godliness with contentment is great gain.(J) For we brought nothing into the world, and[d] we can take nothing out.(K) If we have food and clothing,[e] we will be content with these. But those who want to be rich fall into temptation, a trap, and many foolish and harmful desires, which plunge people into ruin and destruction. 10 For the love of money is a root[f] of all kinds of evil, and by craving it, some have wandered away from the faith(L) and pierced themselves with many griefs.

Fight the Good Fight

11 But you, man of God, flee from these things, and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love,(M) endurance,(N) and gentleness. 12 Fight the good fight(O) of the faith. Take hold of eternal life(P) to which you were called and about which you have made a good confession in the presence of many witnesses. 13 In the presence of God, who gives life to all,(Q) and of Christ Jesus, who gave a good confession before Pontius Pilate,(R) I charge you 14 to keep this command without fault or failure until the appearing(S) of our Lord(T) Jesus Christ. 15 God will bring this about in his own time.(U) He is the blessed and only(V) Sovereign, the King of kings,(W) and the Lord of lords,(X) 16 who alone is immortal and who lives in unapproachable light,(Y) whom no one has seen or can see,(Z) to him be honor and eternal power.(AA) Amen.(AB)

Instructions to the Rich

17 Instruct those who are rich in the present age not to be arrogant(AC) or to set their hope on the uncertainty of wealth, but on God,[g] who richly provides us with all things(AD) to enjoy. 18 Instruct them to do what is good, to be rich in good works,(AE) to be generous and willing to share,(AF) 19 storing up treasure for themselves as a good foundation for the coming age,(AG) so that they may take hold of what is truly life.

Guard the Heritage

20 Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to you,(AH) avoiding(AI) irreverent and empty speech and contradictions from what is falsely called knowledge.(AJ) 21 By professing it, some(AK) people have departed from the faith.(AL)

Grace be with you all.


  1. 6:1 Or owners
  2. 6:2 Or because, as believers who are dearly loved, they are devoted to others’ welfare
  3. 6:5 Other mss add From such people withdraw yourself.
  4. 6:7 Other mss add it is clear that
  5. 6:8 Or food and shelter
  6. 6:10 Or is the root
  7. 6:17 Other mss read on the living God
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Psalm 89:38-52

38 But you have spurned and rejected him;
you have become enraged with your anointed.(A)
39 You have repudiated the covenant with your servant;
you have completely dishonored his crown.[a](B)
40 You have broken down all his walls;
you have reduced his fortified cities to ruins.(C)
41 All who pass by plunder him;(D)
he has become an object of ridicule
to his neighbors.(E)
42 You have lifted high the right hand of his foes;
you have made all his enemies rejoice.(F)
43 You have also turned back his sharp sword
and have not let him stand in battle.(G)
44 You have made his splendor[b] cease
and have overturned his throne.(H)
45 You have shortened the days of his youth;
you have covered him with shame.(I)Selah

46 How long, Lord? Will you hide forever?
Will your anger keep burning like fire?(J)
47 Remember how short my life is.
Have you created everyone for nothing?(K)
48 What courageous person can live and never see death?
Who can save himself from the power of Sheol?(L)Selah
49 Lord, where are the former acts of your faithful love
that you swore to David in your faithfulness?(M)
50 Remember, Lord, the ridicule against your servants—
in my heart I carry abuse from all the peoples—
51 how your enemies have ridiculed, Lord,
how they have ridiculed every step of your anointed.(N)

52 Blessed be the Lord forever.
Amen and amen.(O)


  1. 89:39 Lit have dishonored his crown to the ground
  2. 89:44 Hb obscure
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Proverbs 25:28

28 A person who does not control his temper(A)
is like a city whose wall is broken down.(B)

Cross references:

  1. 25:28 : Pr 16:32; 29:11
  2. 25:28 : Neh 1:3
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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday October 20, 2020 (NIV)

Jeremiah 35-36

The Rechabites’ Example

35 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord in the days of Jehoiakim(A) son of Josiah, king of Judah: “Go to the house of the Rechabites, speak to them,(B) and bring them to one of the chambers(C) of the temple of the Lord to offer them a drink of wine.”

So I took Jaazaniah son of Jeremiah, son of Habazziniah, and his brothers and all his sons—the entire house of the Rechabites— and I brought them into the temple of the Lord to a chamber occupied by the sons of Hanan son of Igdaliah, a man of God,(D) who had a chamber near the officials’ chamber, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah son of Shallum the doorkeeper. I set jars filled with wine and some cups before the sons of the house of the Rechabites and said to them, “Drink wine!”

But they replied, “We do not drink wine, for Jonadab,(E) son of our ancestor Rechab, commanded, ‘You and your descendants must never drink wine. You must not build a house or sow seed or plant a vineyard. Those things are not for you. Rather, you must live in tents your whole life, so you may live a long time on the soil where you stay as a resident alien.’(F) We have obeyed Jonadab, son of our ancestor Rechab, in all he commanded us. So we haven’t drunk wine our whole life—we, our wives, our sons, and our daughters. We also have not built houses to live in and do not have vineyard, field, or seed. 10 But we have lived in tents and have obeyed and done everything our ancestor Jonadab commanded us. 11 However, when King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon marched into the land,(G) we said, ‘Come, let’s go into Jerusalem to get away from the Chaldean and Aramean armies.’ So we have been living in Jerusalem.”

12 Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah: 13 “This is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: Go, say to the men of Judah and the residents of Jerusalem, ‘Will you not accept discipline(H) by listening to my words?—this is the Lord’s declaration. 14 The words of Jonadab, son of Rechab, have been carried out. He commanded his descendants not to drink wine, and they have not drunk to this day because they have obeyed their ancestor’s command. But I have spoken to you time and time again,[a](I) and you have not obeyed me! 15 Time and time again[b] I have sent you all my servants the prophets, proclaiming, “Turn, each one from his evil way,(J) and correct your actions. Stop following other gods to serve them.(K) Live in the land that I gave you and your ancestors.” But you did not pay attention or obey me.(L) 16 Yes, the sons of Jonadab son of Rechab carried out their ancestor’s command he gave them, but these people have not obeyed me. 17 Therefore, this is what the Lord, the God of Armies, the God of Israel, says: I will certainly bring on Judah and on all the residents of Jerusalem all the disaster I have pronounced against them because I have spoken to them, but they have not obeyed, and I have called to them, but they did not answer.’”

18 But to the house of the Rechabites Jeremiah said, “This is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: ‘Because you have obeyed the command of your ancestor Jonadab and have kept all his commands and have done everything he commanded you, 19 this is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: Jonadab son of Rechab will never fail to have a man to stand before me always.’”(M)

Jeremiah Dictates a Scroll

36 In the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah,(N) king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the Lord: “Take a scroll,(O) and write on it all the words I have spoken to you concerning Israel, Judah, and all the nations from the time I first spoke to you during Josiah’s reign until today. Perhaps when the house of Judah hears about all the disaster I am planning to bring on them, each one of them will turn from his evil way. Then I will forgive their iniquity(P) and their sin.”

So Jeremiah summoned Baruch(Q) son of Neriah. At Jeremiah’s dictation,[c] Baruch wrote on a scroll all the words the Lord had spoken to Jeremiah. Then Jeremiah commanded Baruch, “I am restricted;(R) I cannot enter the temple of the Lord, so you must go and read from the scroll—which you wrote at my dictation[d]—the words of the Lord in the hearing of the people at the temple of the Lord on a day of fasting. Read his words in the hearing of all the Judeans who are coming from their cities. Perhaps their petition will come before the Lord,(S) and each one will turn from his evil way, for the anger and fury that the Lord has pronounced against this people are intense.” So Baruch son of Neriah did everything the prophet Jeremiah had commanded him. At the Lord’s temple he read the Lord’s words from the scroll.

Baruch Reads the Scroll

In the fifth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah, king of Judah, in the ninth month,(T) all the people of Jerusalem and all those coming in from Judah’s cities into Jerusalem proclaimed a fast before the Lord.(U) 10 Then at the Lord’s temple, in the chamber of Gemariah son of Shaphan the scribe,(V) in the upper courtyard at the opening of the New Gate(W) of the Lord’s temple, in the hearing of all the people, Baruch read Jeremiah’s words from the scroll.

11 When Micaiah son of Gemariah, son of Shaphan, heard all the words of the Lord from the scroll, 12 he went down to the scribe’s chamber in the king’s palace. All the officials were sitting there—Elishama the scribe, Delaiah son of Shemaiah, Elnathan son of Achbor,(X) Gemariah son of Shaphan, Zedekiah son of Hananiah, and all the other officials. 13 Micaiah reported to them all the words he had heard when Baruch read from the scroll in the hearing of the people. 14 Then all the officials sent word to Baruch through Jehudi son of Nethaniah, son of Shelemiah, son of Cushi, saying, “Bring the scroll that you read in the hearing of the people, and come.” So Baruch son of Neriah took the scroll and went to them. 15 They said to him, “Sit down and read it in our hearing.” So Baruch read it in their hearing.

16 When they had heard all the words, they turned to each other in fear and said to Baruch, “We must surely tell the king all these things.” 17 Then they asked Baruch, “Tell us, how did you write all these words? At his dictation?” [e]

18 Baruch said to them, “At his dictation. He recited all these words to me while I was writing on the scroll in ink.”

Jehoiakim Burns the Scroll

19 The officials said to Baruch, “You and Jeremiah must hide and tell no one where you are.” 20 Then, after depositing the scroll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, the officials came to the king at the courtyard and reported everything in the hearing of the king. 21 The king sent Jehudi to get the scroll, and he took it from the chamber of Elishama the scribe. Jehudi then read it in the hearing of the king and all the officials who were standing by the king. 22 Since it was the ninth month, the king was sitting in his winter quarters(Y) with a fire burning in front of him. 23 As soon as Jehudi would read three or four columns, Jehoiakim would cut the scroll[f] with a scribe’s knife and throw the columns into the fire in the hearth until the entire scroll was consumed by the fire in the hearth. 24 As they heard all these words, the king and all his servants did not become terrified(Z) or tear their clothes. 25 Even though Elnathan, Delaiah, and Gemariah had urged the king not to burn the scroll, he did not listen to them. 26 Then the king commanded Jerahmeel the king’s son, Seraiah son of Azriel, and Shelemiah son of Abdeel to seize the scribe Baruch and the prophet Jeremiah, but the Lord hid them.

Jeremiah Dictates Another Scroll

27 After the king had burned the scroll and the words Baruch had written at Jeremiah’s dictation,[g] the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah: 28 “Take another scroll, and once again write on it the original words that were on the original scroll that King Jehoiakim of Judah burned.(AA) 29 You are to proclaim concerning King Jehoiakim of Judah, ‘This is what the Lord says: You have burned the scroll, asking, “Why have you written on it that(AB) the king of Babylon will certainly come and destroy this land and cause it to be without people or animals?” (AC) 30 Therefore, this is what the Lord says concerning King Jehoiakim of Judah: He will have no one to sit on David’s throne,(AD) and his corpse will be thrown out to be exposed to the heat of day and the frost of night.(AE) 31 I will punish him, his descendants, and his officers for their iniquity. I will bring on them, on the residents of Jerusalem, and on the people of Judah all the disaster, which I warned them about but they did not listen.’”

32 Then Jeremiah took another scroll and gave it to Baruch son of Neriah, the scribe, and he wrote on it at Jeremiah’s dictation[h] all the words of the scroll that Jehoiakim,(AF) Judah’s king, had burned in the fire. And many other words like them were added.


  1. 35:14 Lit you, rising up early and speaking
  2. 35:15 Lit Rising up early and sending
  3. 36:4 Lit From Jeremiah’s mouth
  4. 36:6 Lit wrote from my mouth
  5. 36:17 Lit From his mouth, also in v. 18
  6. 36:23 Lit columns, he would tear it
  7. 36:27 Lit written from Jeremiah’s mouth
  8. 36:32 Lit it from Jeremiah’s mouth
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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1 Timothy 5

Don’t rebuke an older man, but exhort him as a father, younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, and the younger women as sisters with all purity.

The Support of Widows

Support[a] widows(A) who are genuinely in need. But if any widow has children or grandchildren, let them learn to practice godliness toward their own family first and to repay their parents, for this pleases God. The widow who is truly in need and left all alone has put her hope in God(B) and continues night and day in her petitions and prayers; however, she who is self-indulgent is dead even while she lives.(C) Command this also, so that they will be above reproach. But if anyone does not provide(D) for his own family, especially for his own household, he has denied the faith(E) and is worse than an unbeliever.

No widow is to be enrolled on the list for support unless she is at least sixty years old, has been the wife of one husband, 10 and is well known for good works(F)—that is, if she has brought up children, shown hospitality,(G) washed the saints’ feet,(H) helped the afflicted,(I) and devoted herself to every good work.(J) 11 But refuse to enroll younger widows, for when they are drawn away from Christ by desire, they want to marry(K) 12 and will therefore receive condemnation(L) because they have renounced their original pledge. 13 At the same time, they also learn to be idle, going from house to house; they are not only idle, but are also gossips(M) and busybodies, saying things they shouldn’t say. 14 Therefore, I want younger women to marry,(N) have children, manage their households, and give the adversary no opportunity to accuse us.(O) 15 For some have already turned away(P) to follow Satan. 16 If any[b] believing woman has widows in her family, let her help them. Let the church not be burdened, so that it can help widows in genuine need.

Honoring the Elders

17 The elders who are good leaders are to be considered worthy of double honor,[c] especially those who work hard(Q) at preaching and teaching. 18 For the Scripture says: Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,[d](R) and, “The worker is worthy of his wages.”(S)

19 Don’t accept an accusation against an elder unless it is supported by two or three witnesses.(T) 20 Publicly rebuke those who sin, so that the rest will be afraid. 21 I solemnly charge you before God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels to observe(U) these things without prejudice, doing nothing out of favoritism. 22 Don’t be too quick to appoint[e](V) anyone as an elder, and don’t share in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure.(W) 23 Don’t continue drinking only water, but use a little wine because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses. 24 Some people’s sins are obvious, preceding them to judgment,(X) but the sins of others surface[f] later. 25 Likewise, good works are obvious, and those that are not obvious cannot remain hidden.


  1. 5:3 Lit Honor
  2. 5:16 Other mss add believing man or
  3. 5:17 Or of respect and remuneration
  4. 5:18 Dt 25:4
  5. 5:22 Lit to lay hands on
  6. 5:24 Lit follow
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Psalm 89:14-37

14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation
of your throne;(A)
faithful love and truth go before you.(B)
15 Happy are the people who know the joyful shout;(C)
Lord, they walk in the light from your face.(D)
16 They rejoice in your name all day long,
and they are exalted by your righteousness.(E)
17 For you are their magnificent strength;(F)
by your favor our horn is exalted.(G)
18 Surely our shield[a] belongs to the Lord,
our king to the Holy One of Israel.(H)

19 You once spoke in a vision to your faithful ones
and said, “I have granted help to a warrior;
I have exalted one chosen[b] from the people.(I)
20 I have found David my servant;
I have anointed him with my sacred oil.(J)
21 My hand will always be with him,
and my arm will strengthen him.(K)
22 The enemy will not oppress[c] him;
the wicked will not afflict him.(L)
23 I will crush his foes before him
and strike those who hate him.(M)
24 My faithfulness and love will be with him,
and through my name
his horn will be exalted.(N)
25 I will extend his power to the sea
and his right hand to the rivers.(O)
26 He will call to me, ‘You are my Father,(P)
my God, the rock of my salvation.’(Q)
27 I will also make him my firstborn,
greatest of the kings of the earth.(R)
28 I will always preserve my faithful love for him,
and my covenant with him will endure.(S)
29 I will establish his line forever,
his throne as long as heaven lasts.[d](T)
30 If his sons abandon my instruction
and do not live by my ordinances,(U)
31 if they dishonor my statutes
and do not keep my commands,(V)
32 then I will call their rebellion
to account with the rod,
their iniquity with blows.(W)
33 But I will not withdraw
my faithful love from him
or betray my faithfulness.(X)
34 I will not violate my covenant
or change what my lips have said.(Y)
35 Once and for all
I have sworn an oath by my holiness;
I will not lie to David.(Z)
36 His offspring will continue forever,
his throne like the sun before me,(AA)
37 like the moon, established forever,
a faithful witness in the sky.”(AB)Selah


  1. 89:18 = the king
  2. 89:19 Or exalted a young man
  3. 89:22 Or not exact tribute from
  4. 89:29 Lit as days of heaven
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Proverbs 25:25-27

25 Good news from a distant land
is like cold water to a parched throat.[a](A)

26 A righteous person who yields to the wicked(B)
is like a muddied spring or a polluted well.(C)

27 It is not good to eat too much honey(D)
or to seek glory after glory.[b](E)


  1. 25:25 Or a weary person
  2. 25:27 Lit seek their glory, glory
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday October 19, 2020 (NIV)

Jeremiah 33-34

Israel’s Restoration

33 While he was still confined in the guard’s courtyard,(A) the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah a second time: “The Lord who made the earth,[a] the Lord who forms it to establish it,(B) the Lord is his name,(C) says this: Call to me and I will answer you(D) and tell you great and incomprehensible things you do not know.(E) For this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says concerning the houses of this city and the palaces of Judah’s kings, the ones torn down for defense against the assault ramps and the sword:(F) The people coming to fight the Chaldeans will fill the houses with the corpses of their own men that I strike down in my wrath and fury. I have hidden my face(G) from this city because of all their evil. Yet I will certainly bring health(H) and healing to it and will indeed heal them. I will let them experience the abundance[b] of true peace.(I) I will restore the fortunes[c] of Judah and of Israel and will rebuild them as in former times.(J) I will purify them from all the iniquity they have committed against me,(K) and I will forgive all the iniquities they have committed against me, rebelling against me. This city will bear on my behalf a name of joy, praise, and glory(L) before all the nations of the earth, who will hear of all the prosperity I will give them. They will tremble with awe because of all the good and all the peace(M) I will bring about for them.

10 “This is what the Lord says: In this place, which you say is a ruin,(N) without people or animals—that is, in Judah’s cities and Jerusalem’s streets that are a desolation without people, without inhabitants, and without animals—there will be heard again 11 a sound of joy and gladness, the voice of the groom and the bride,(O) and the voice of those saying,

Give thanks to the Lord of Armies,
for the Lord is good;
his faithful love endures forever

as they bring thanksgiving sacrifices to the temple of the Lord. For I will restore the fortunes of the land as in former times, says the Lord.

12 “This is what the Lord of Armies says: In this desolate place—without people or animals—and in all its cities there will once more be a grazing land where shepherds may rest flocks.(P) 13 The flocks will again pass under the hands of the one who counts them(Q) in the cities of the hill country,(R) the cities of the Judean foothills, the cities of the Negev, the land of Benjamin—the areas around Jerusalem and in Judah’s cities, says the Lord.

God’s Covenant with David

14 “Look, the days are coming”—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
“when I will fulfill the good promise
that I have spoken
concerning the house of Israel
and the house of Judah.(S)
15 In those days and at that time
I will cause a Righteous Branch(T)
to sprout up for David,
and he will administer justice
and righteousness in the land.
16 In those days Judah will be saved,
and Jerusalem will dwell securely,(U)
and this is what she will be named:
The Lord Is Our Righteousness.[d]

17 “For this is what the Lord says: David will never fail to have a man sitting on the throne of the house of Israel.(V) 18 The Levitical priests will never fail to have a man always before me to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings, and to make sacrifices.”(W)

19 The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah: 20 “This is what the Lord says: If you can break my covenant with the day and my covenant with the night so that day and night cease to come at their regular time,(X) 21 then also my covenant with my servant David(Y) may be broken. If that could happen, then he would not have a son reigning on his throne and the Levitical priests would not be my ministers.(Z) 22 Even as the stars of heaven cannot be counted, and the sand of the sea cannot be measured,(AA) so too I will make innumerable the descendants of my servant David and the Levites who minister to me.”

23 The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah: 24 “Have you not noticed what these people have said? They say, ‘The Lord has rejected the two families he had chosen.’(AB) My people are treated with contempt and no longer regarded as a nation among them. 25 This is what the Lord says: If I do not keep my covenant with the day and with the night, and if I fail to establish the fixed order of heaven and earth,(AC) 26 then I might also reject the descendants of Jacob and of my servant David. That is, I would not take rulers from his descendants to rule over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. But in fact, I will restore their fortunes[e] and have compassion on them.”(AD)

Jeremiah’s Word to King Zedekiah

34 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord when King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon,(AE) his whole army, all the kingdoms of the lands under his control,(AF) and all other peoples were fighting against Jerusalem and all its surrounding cities: “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: Go, speak to King Zedekiah of Judah, and tell him, ‘This is what the Lord says: I am about to hand this city over to the king of Babylon,(AG) and he will burn it. As for you, you will not escape(AH) from him but are certain to be captured and handed over to him. You will meet the king of Babylon eye to eye and speak face to face;[f](AI) you will go to Babylon.

“‘Yet hear the Lord’s word, King Zedekiah of Judah. This is what the Lord says concerning you: You will not die by the sword; you will die peacefully. There will be a burning ceremony for you just like the burning ceremonies for your ancestors, the kings of old who came before you.(AJ) “Oh, master!” will be the lament for you, for I have spoken this word. This is the Lord’s declaration.’”

So the prophet Jeremiah related all these words to King Zedekiah of Judah in Jerusalem while the king of Babylon’s army was attacking Jerusalem and all of Judah’s remaining cities—that is, Lachish and Azekah,(AK) for they were the only ones left of Judah’s fortified cities.

The People and Their Slaves

This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord after King Zedekiah made a covenant with all the people who were in Jerusalem to proclaim freedom(AL) to them. As a result, each was to let his male and female Hebrew slaves go free, and no one was to enslave his fellow Judean.(AM) 10 All the officials and people who entered into covenant to let their male and female slaves go free—in order not to enslave them any longer—obeyed and let them go free. 11 Afterward, however, they changed their minds and took back their male and female slaves they had let go free and forced them to become slaves again.

12 Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah from the Lord: 13 “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: I made a covenant(AN) with your ancestors when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of slavery, saying, 14 ‘At the end of seven years, each of you must let his fellow Hebrew who sold himself[g] to you go. He may serve you six years, but then you must let him go free from your service.’(AO) But your ancestors did not obey me or pay any attention. 15 Today you repented and did what pleased me, each of you proclaiming freedom for his neighbor. You made a covenant before me(AP) at the house that bears my name.(AQ) 16 But you have changed your minds(AR) and profaned my name.(AS) Each has taken back his male and female slaves who had been let go free to go wherever they wanted, and you have again forced them to be your slaves.

17 “Therefore, this is what the Lord says: You have not obeyed me by proclaiming freedom, each for his fellow Hebrew and for his neighbor.(AT) I hereby proclaim freedom for you(AU)—this is the Lord’s declaration—to the sword, to plague, and to famine! I will make you a horror to all the earth’s kingdoms.(AV) 18 As for those who disobeyed my covenant,(AW) not keeping the terms of the covenant they made before me, I will treat them like the calf they cut in two in order to pass between its pieces.(AX) 19 The officials of Judah and Jerusalem, the court officials, the priests, and all the people of the land who passed between the pieces of the calf— 20 all these I will hand over to their enemies, to those who intend to take their life. Their corpses will become food for the birds of the sky and for the wild animals of the land.(AY) 21 I will hand King Zedekiah of Judah and his officials over to their enemies, to those who intend to take their lives, to the king of Babylon’s army that is withdrawing. 22 I am about to give the command—this is the Lord’s declaration—and I will bring them back to this city. They will fight against it, capture it, and burn it.(AZ) I will make Judah’s cities a desolation, without inhabitant.”(BA)


  1. 33:2 LXX; MT reads made it
  2. 33:6 Or fragrance; Hb obscure
  3. 33:7 Or will end the captivity, also in v. 11
  4. 33:16 = Yahweh-zidkenu
  5. 33:26 Or I will end their captivity
  6. 34:3 Lit and his mouth will speak to your mouth
  7. 34:14 Or who was sold

Cross references:

  1. 33:1 : Jr 32:2
  2. 33:2 : Gn 2:18–19
  3. 33:2 : Ex 6:3
  4. 33:3 : Ps 91:15; Jr 29:12
  5. 33:3 : Is 48:6
  6. 33:4 : Jr 32:24
  7. 33:5 : Dt 31:17; 32:20; Is 54:8
  8. 33:6 : Is 58:8; Jr 8:22; 30:17
  9. 33:6 : 2Kg 20:19; Est 9:30; Is 39:8
  10. 33:7 : Is 1:26
  11. 33:8 : Ps 51:2; Ezk 36:25; Heb 9:11–14
  12. 33:9 : Dt 26:19; Jr 13:11; Zph 3:19–20
  13. 33:9 : Jr 8:15; 14:19
  14. 33:10 : Jr 32:43
  15. 33:11 : Jr 7:34; 16:9; 25:10
  16. 33:12 : Is 65:10; Ezk 34:12–15
  17. 33:13 : Lv 27:32
  18. 33:13 : Jr 17:26
  19. 33:14 : Jos 21:45; Jr 23:5–6
  20. 33:15 : Is 4:2; Zch 3:8
  21. 33:16 : Dt 33:12
  22. 33:17 : 1Kg 2:4; 8:25; 9:5
  23. 33:18 : Jr 31:36; 35:19
  24. 33:20 : Gn 8:22; Is 54:9–10; Jr 31:35–37
  25. 33:21 : 2Sm 7:11–16; 2Ch 21:7; Ps 89:3
  26. 33:21 : Is 61:6; Ezk 45:4–5; Jl 1:9,13
  27. 33:22 : Gn 22:17
  28. 33:24 : Dt 7:6; 14:2
  29. 33:25 : Ps 74:16–17
  30. 33:26 : Jr 12:15; 30:18; 31:20; 33:7; 42:12
  31. 34:1 : 2Kg 25:1; Jr 39:1; 52:4
  32. 34:1 : Jr 1:15
  33. 34:2 : Jr 32:3,28
  34. 34:3 : Jr 32:4; 38:18,23; Ezk 17:18; 1Th 5:3
  35. 34:3 : Jr 32:4
  36. 34:5 : 2Ch 16:14; 21:19
  37. 34:7 : Jos 10:3–35
  38. 34:8 : Lv 25:10; Is 61:1; Ezk 46:17
  39. 34:9 : Lv 25:39
  40. 34:13 : Jr 31:32
  41. 34:14 : Ex 21:2–6; Dt 15:12–17
  42. 34:15 : 2Kg 23:3
  43. 34:15 : Jr 7:10–11
  44. 34:16 : Jr 34:11
  45. 34:16 : Lv 19:12; 22:32; Pr 30:9; Ezk 20:9,14,22; 36:20–23; 39:7; Am 2:7; Mal 1:11–12
  46. 34:17 : Is 9:19; Jr 31:34; Zch 7:9–10; Mal 2:10
  47. 34:17 : Mt 7:2
  48. 34:17 : 2Ch 29:8; Jr 15:4; 24:9; 29:18
  49. 34:18 : Jos 7:11; 2Kg 18:12
  50. 34:18 : Gn 15:10,17–18; 1Sm 11:7
  51. 34:20 : Dt 28:26; Is 18:6; Jr 7:33
  52. 34:22 : Jr 21:10; 34:2; 37:8; 38:18
  53. 34:22 : Jr 4:7; 9:11; 33:10; 44:22; 46:19; 48:9; 51:37
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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1 Timothy 4

Demonic Influence

Now the Spirit(A) explicitly says that in later times(B) some will depart from the faith,(C) paying attention to deceitful spirits(D) and the teachings of demons,(E) through the hypocrisy(F) of liars whose consciences(G) are seared. They forbid marriage(H) and demand abstinence(I) from foods that God created(J) to be received with gratitude by those who believe and know the truth. For everything created by God is good,(K) and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving,(L) since it is sanctified by the word of God(M) and by prayer.

A Good Servant of Jesus Christ

If you point these things out to the brothers and sisters, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, nourished by the words of the faith(N) and the good teaching that you have followed.(O) But have nothing to do with pointless and silly myths.(P) Rather, train yourself in godliness.(Q) For the training of the body has limited benefit,(R) but godliness is beneficial in every way, since it holds promise for the present life and also for the life to come.(S) This saying is trustworthy and deserves full acceptance.(T) 10 For this reason we labor and strive,[a] because we have put our hope in the living God,(U) who is the Savior(V) of all people,(W) especially of those who believe.

Instructions for Ministry

11 Command and teach these things. 12 Don’t let anyone despise your youth, but set an example for the believers in speech,(X) in conduct,(Y) in love,[b](Z) in faith, and in purity.(AA) 13 Until I come,(AB) give your attention to public reading, exhortation, and teaching. 14 Don’t neglect the gift that is in you; it was given to you through prophecy,(AC) with the laying on of hands(AD) by the council of elders. 15 Practice these things; be committed to them, so that your progress may be evident to all. 16 Pay close attention to your life and your teaching; persevere in these things, for in doing this you will save(AE) both yourself and your hearers.(AF)


  1. 4:10 Other mss read and suffer reproach
  2. 4:12 Other mss add in spirit,
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Psalm 89:1-13

Psalm 89

Perplexity about God’s Promises

A Maskil of Ethan the Ezrahite.(A)

I will sing about the Lord’s faithful love forever;(B)
I will proclaim your faithfulness to all generations
with my mouth.(C)
For I will declare,
“Faithful love is built up forever;
you establish your faithfulness in the heavens.”(D)

The Lord said,
“I have made a covenant with my chosen one;
I have sworn an oath to David my servant:
‘I will establish your offspring forever
and build up your throne for all generations.’”(E)Selah

Lord, the heavens praise your wonders(F)
your faithfulness also—
in the assembly of the holy ones.(G)
For who in the skies can compare with the Lord?
Who among the heavenly beings[a] is like the Lord?(H)
God is greatly feared in the council of the holy ones,
more awe-inspiring than[b] all who surround him.(I)
Lord God of Armies,
who is strong like you, Lord?(J)
Your faithfulness surrounds you.
You rule the raging sea;
when its waves surge, you still them.(K)
10 You crushed Rahab like one who is slain;(L)
you scattered your enemies with your powerful arm.(M)
11 The heavens are yours; the earth also is yours.
The world and everything in it—you founded them.(N)
12 North and south—you created them.(O)
Tabor and Hermon shout for joy at your name.(P)
13 You have a mighty arm;
your hand is powerful;
your right hand is lifted high.(Q)


  1. 89:6 Or the angels, or the sons of the mighty
  2. 89:7 Or ones, revered by
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Proverbs 25:23-24

23 The north wind produces rain,
and a backbiting tongue, angry looks.

24 Better to live on the corner of a roof
than to share a house with a nagging wife.(A)

Cross references:

  1. 25:24 : Pr 15:17; 17:1; 21:9,19
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday October 18, 2020 (NIV)

Jeremiah 31:27-32:44

27 “Look, the days are coming”—this is the Lord’s declaration—“when I will sow the house of Israel(A) and the house of Judah with the seed of people and the seed of animals. 28 Just as I watched over them to uproot and to tear them down, to demolish and to destroy, and to cause disaster,(B) so will I watch over them to build and to plant them”(C)—this is the Lord’s declaration. 29 “In those days, it will never again be said,

‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes,
and the children’s teeth are set on edge.’(D)

30 Rather, each will die for his own iniquity.(E) Anyone who eats sour grapes—his own teeth will be set on edge.

The New Covenant

31 “Look, the days are coming”(F)—this is the Lord’s declaration—“when I will make a new covenant(G) with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. 32 This one will not be like the covenant I made with their ancestors on the day I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt—my covenant that they broke even though I am their master”[a](H)—the Lord’s declaration. 33 “Instead, this is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after those days”—the Lord’s declaration. “I will put my teaching within them and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. 34 No longer will one teach his neighbor or his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’(I) for they will all know me, from the least to the greatest of them”(J)—this is the Lord’s declaration. “For I will forgive their iniquity(K) and never again remember their sin.

35 “This is what the Lord says:

The one who gives the sun for light by day,
the fixed order of moon and stars for light by night,
who stirs up the sea and makes its waves roar(L)
the Lord of Armies is his name:
36 If this fixed order departs from before me—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
only then will Israel’s descendants cease
to be a nation before me forever.(M)

37 “This is what the Lord says:

Only if the heavens above can be measured
and the foundations of the earth below explored,
will I reject all of Israel’s descendants
because of all they have done—
this is the Lord’s declaration.

38 “Look, the days are coming”—the Lord’s declaration—“when the city[b] from the Tower of Hananel(N) to the Corner Gate(O) will be rebuilt for the Lord. 39 A measuring line will once again stretch out straight to the hill of Gareb(P) and then turn toward Goah. 40 The whole valley—the corpses, the ashes, and all the fields as far as the Kidron Valley(Q) to the corner of the Horse Gate(R) to the east—will be holy to the Lord. It will never be uprooted or demolished again.”

Jeremiah’s Land Purchase

32 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord in the tenth year of King Zedekiah(S) of Judah, which was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar.(T) At that time, the army of the king of Babylon was besieging Jerusalem,(U) and the prophet Jeremiah was imprisoned in the guard’s courtyard(V) in the palace of the king of Judah. King Zedekiah of Judah had imprisoned him, saying, “Why are you prophesying as you do? You say, ‘This is what the Lord says: Look, I am about to hand this city over to Babylon’s king, and he will capture it. King Zedekiah of Judah will not escape from the Chaldeans; indeed, he will certainly be handed over to Babylon’s king. They will speak face to face[c] and meet eye to eye.(W) He will take Zedekiah to Babylon, where he will stay until I attend to him—this is the Lord’s declaration. For you will fight the Chaldeans, but you will not succeed.’”(X)

Jeremiah replied, “The word of the Lord came to me: Watch! Hanamel, the son of your uncle Shallum, is coming to you to say, ‘Buy my field in Anathoth(Y) for yourself, for you own the right of redemption(Z) to buy it.’

“Then, as the Lord had said, my cousin Hanamel came to the guard’s courtyard and urged me, ‘Please buy my field in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, for you own the right of inheritance and redemption. Buy it for yourself.’ Then I knew that this was the word of the Lord. So I bought the field in Anathoth from my cousin Hanamel, and I weighed out the silver to him(AA)—seventeen shekels[d] of silver. 10 I recorded it on a scroll,(AB) sealed it, called in witnesses, and weighed out the silver on the scales. 11 I took the purchase agreement—the sealed copy with its terms and conditions and the open copy— 12 and gave the purchase agreement to Baruch(AC) son of Neriah, son of Mahseiah. I did this in the sight of my cousin[e] Hanamel, the witnesses who had signed the purchase agreement, and all the Judeans sitting in the guard’s courtyard.

13 “I charged Baruch in their sight, 14 ‘This is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: Take these scrolls—this purchase agreement with the sealed copy and this open copy—and put them in an earthen storage jar so they will last a long time. 15 For this is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says: Houses, fields, and vineyards will again be bought in this land.’(AD)

16 “After I had given the purchase agreement to Baruch, son of Neriah, I prayed to the Lord:(AE) 17 Oh, Lord God! You yourself made the heavens and earth(AF) by your great power(AG) and with your outstretched arm. Nothing is too difficult for you!(AH) 18 You show faithful love to thousands but lay the fathers’ iniquity on their sons’ laps after them,(AI) great and mighty God(AJ) whose name is the Lord of Armies, 19 the one great in counsel and powerful in action. Your eyes are on all the ways of the children of men[f] in order to reward each person according to his ways and as the result of his actions.(AK) 20 You performed signs and wonders in the land of Egypt(AL) and still do today, both in Israel and among all mankind. You made a name(AM) for yourself, as is the case today. 21 You brought your people Israel out of Egypt with signs and wonders, with a strong hand and an outstretched arm, and with great terror.(AN) 22 You gave them this land you swore to give to their ancestors, a land flowing with milk and honey.(AO) 23 They entered and possessed it, but they did not obey you or live according to your instructions.(AP) They failed to perform all you commanded them to do,(AQ) and so you have brought all this disaster on them. 24 Look! Siege ramps(AR) have come against the city to capture it, and the city, as a result of the sword, famine, and plague, has been handed over to the Chaldeans who are fighting against it. What you have spoken has happened. Look, you can see it! 25 Yet you, Lord God, have said to me, ‘Purchase the field and call in witnesses’—even though the city has been handed over to the Chaldeans!”

26 The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah: 27 “Look, I am the Lord, the God over every creature.(AS) Is anything too difficult for me?(AT) 28 Therefore, this is what the Lord says: I am about to hand this city over to the Chaldeans,(AU) to Babylon’s king Nebuchadnezzar, and he will capture it. 29 The Chaldeans who are fighting against this city will come and set this city on fire. They will burn it, including the houses where incense has been burned to Baal on their rooftops and where drink offerings have been poured out to other gods to anger me.(AV) 30 From their youth, the Israelites and Judeans have done nothing but what is evil in my sight! They have done nothing but anger me by the work of their hands”(AW)—this is the Lord’s declaration— 31 “for this city has caused my wrath and fury from the day it was built until now. I will therefore remove it from my presence(AX) 32 because of all the evil the Israelites and Judeans have done to anger me—they, their kings,(AY) their officials, their priests, and their prophets, the men of Judah, and the residents of Jerusalem. 33 They have turned their backs to me and not their faces.(AZ) Though I taught them time and time again,[g](BA) they do not listen and receive discipline. 34 They have placed their abhorrent things(BB) in the house that bears my name and have defiled it. 35 They have built the high places of Baal in Ben Hinnom Valley to sacrifice their sons and daughters in the fire[h] to Molech(BC)—something I had not commanded them. I had never entertained the thought[i] that they do this detestable act causing Judah to sin!

36 “Now therefore, this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says to this city about which you said, ‘It has been handed over to Babylon’s king through sword, famine, and plague’: 37 I will certainly gather them from all the lands where I have banished them in my anger, fury, and intense wrath, and I will return them to this place and make them live in safety.(BD) 38 They will be my people, and I will be their God.(BE) 39 I will give them integrity of heart(BF) and action[j] so that they will fear me always, for their good and for the good of their descendants after them.

40 “I will make a permanent covenant with them:(BG) I will never turn away from doing good to them, and I will put fear of me in their hearts so they will never again turn away from me.(BH) 41 I will take delight in them to do what is good for them, and with all my heart and mind I will faithfully plant them in this land.(BI)

42 “For this is what the Lord says: Just as I have brought all this terrible disaster on these people,(BJ) so am I about to bring on them all the good I am promising them. 43 Fields will be bought in this land about which you are saying,(BK) ‘It’s a desolation(BL) without people or animals; it has been handed over to the Chaldeans!’ 44 Fields will be purchased, the transaction written on a scroll and sealed,(BM) and witnesses will be called on in the land of Benjamin,(BN) in the areas surrounding Jerusalem, and in Judah’s cities—the cities of the hill country, the cities of the Judean foothills, and the cities of the Negev—because I will restore their fortunes.”[k]

This is the Lord’s declaration.


  1. 31:32 Or husband
  2. 31:38 = Jerusalem
  3. 32:4 Lit His mouth will speak with his mouth
  4. 32:9 About seven ounces
  5. 32:12 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr; other Hb mss read uncle
  6. 32:19 Or Adam
  7. 32:33 Lit them, rising up early and teaching
  8. 32:35 Lit to make their sons and daughters pass through the fire
  9. 32:35 Lit them, and it did not arise on my heart
  10. 32:39 Lit give them one heart and one way
  11. 32:44 Or will end their captivity

Cross references:

  1. 31:27 : Ezk 36:9,11; Hs 2:23
  2. 31:28 : Jr 21:10; 39:16; 44:27; Am 9:4
  3. 31:28 : Jr 1:10; 18:7–10; 44:27
  4. 31:29 : Ezk 18:2
  5. 31:30 : Dt 24:6; Ezk 18:20
  6. 31:31–34 : Heb 8:8–12; 10:16–17
  7. 31:31 : Ezk 37:26; Hs 2:18; Lk 22:20; 1Co 11:25; 2Co 3:6; Heb 9:15; 12:24
  8. 31:32 : Is 54:4; 62:4; Mal 2:11
  9. 31:34 : Jdg 2:10; 1Sm 3:7; Hs 2:20
  10. 31:34 : Est 1:20; Jr 6:13; 8:10; 42:1,8; 44:12
  11. 31:34 : Nm 14:19; Ps 103:3; Jr 36:3
  12. 31:35 : Ps 46:3; Is 51:15; Jr 5:22
  13. 31:36 : Jr 33:18; 35:19
  14. 31:38 : Neh 3:1; 12:39
  15. 31:38 : 2Kg 14:13; 2Ch 26:9; Zch 14:10
  16. 31:39 : Zch 2:1
  17. 31:40 : 2Kg 23:4
  18. 31:40 : Neh 3:28
  19. 32:1 : 2Kg 24:17–20; 2Ch 36:10–12; Jr 27:1–11
  20. 32:1 : Jr 29:1
  21. 32:2 : Jr 39:1
  22. 32:2 : Neh 3:25; Jr 33:1; 37:21; 38:6; 39:14
  23. 32:4 : Jr 34:3
  24. 32:3–5 : Jr 21:3–7; 27:22; 34:2–3; 37:11–14
  25. 32:7 : 1Kg 2:26; Jr 1:1; 11:21,23
  26. 32:7 : Lv 25:24–52; Ru 4:1–7
  27. 32:9 : Gn 23:16; Zch 11:12
  28. 32:10 : Jr 32:44
  29. 32:12 : Jr 36:4–32; 43:3,6; 45:1–2
  30. 32:15 : Jr 32:43
  31. 32:16 : Jr 42:4
  32. 32:17 : 2Kg 19:15; 2Ch 2:12; Is 37:16
  33. 32:17 : Dt 4:37; Neh 1:10; Jr 27:5
  34. 32:17 : Gn 18:14; Ex 3:20; 15:11; 34:10; Dt 17:8; Ps 40:5; 78:4; Jr 32:27; Zch 8:6; Mt 17:20; 19:26
  35. 32:18 : Ex 20:5–6; 34:7; Nm 14:18; Dt 5:9–10; 7:9
  36. 32:18 : Neh 9:32
  37. 32:19 : Jr 4:18; 17:10
  38. 32:20 : Ex 1–15; Dt 6:22; Neh 9:10
  39. 32:20 : Is 63:12,14; Dn 9:15
  40. 32:21 : Ex 7:3; Dt 4:34; 6:22; 26:8; 34:11; Ps 78:43; 135:9
  41. 32:22 : Ex 3:8,17; Lv 20:24; Nm 13:27; Dt 26:9
  42. 32:23 : Nm 14:22; Dt 28:45,62; Jos 5:6; Jdg 6:10; 2Kg 18:12; Ps 78:10; 81:11; Is 42:24; Jr 9:13; 32:23; 44:10
  43. 32:23 : Jr 11:8
  44. 32:24 : 2Kg 25:1; Jr 6:6; Ezk 4:2
  45. 32:27 : Nm 16:22; 27:16
  46. 32:27 : Gn 18:4
  47. 32:28 : Jr 32:3
  48. 32:29 : Jr 11:17; 44:3,8
  49. 32:30 : Jr 25:7
  50. 32:31 : 2Kg 23:27; 24:3
  51. 32:32 : Jr 2:26
  52. 32:33 : 2Ch 29:6; Jr 2:27; 18:17; Ezk 8:16
  53. 32:33 : Jr 7:13,25; 11:7; 25:3; 26:5; 29:19; 35:14,15; 44:4
  54. 32:34 : Jr 4:1; 7:30; Ezk 5:11
  55. 32:35 : Lv 18:21; 20:2–5; Dt 18:10; 2Kg 23:10; Jr 7:31; 19:4
  56. 32:37 : Dt 12:10; Is 11:12; Jr 23:3; 29:14; 30:10; 31:8–14; Ezk 11:17; 28:26; 34:25,28; 36:24
  57. 32:38 : Jr 11:4; 24:7; 30:22; Ezk 11:20; 14:11; 36:28; 37:23
  58. 32:39 : Ezk 11:19
  59. 32:40 : Gn 17:7,13,19; Is 55:3; 61:8; Jr 50:5; Ezk 16:60; 37:26
  60. 32:40 : Dt 19:20; Is 2:4; 60:18; Jr 3:16; 30:8; 31:34; Ezk 29:16; Jl 2:26–27; Am 9:15; Mc 4:3; Nah 1:15; Zph 3:11; Heb 8:11; 10:17
  61. 32:41 : Jr 24:6
  62. 32:42 : Jr 31:28
  63. 32:43 : Jr 32:15
  64. 32:43 : Jr 33:10
  65. 32:44 : Jr 32:10
  66. 32:44 : Jr 17:26
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

1 Timothy 3

Qualifications for Overseers and Deacons

This saying is trustworthy:(A) “If anyone aspires to be an overseer,[a](B) he desires a noble work.” An overseer,(C) therefore, must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, self-controlled, sensible,(D) respectable, hospitable,(E) able to teach, not an excessive drinker, not a bully but gentle, not quarrelsome, not greedy.(F) He must manage his own household competently and have his children under control with all dignity. (If anyone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he take care of God’s church?) He must not be a new convert, or he might become conceited and incur the same condemnation as the devil.(G) Furthermore, he must have a good reputation among outsiders, so that he does not fall into disgrace and the devil’s(H) trap.

Deacons,(I) likewise, should be worthy of respect, not hypocritical, not drinking a lot of wine, not greedy for money, holding the mystery of the faith(J) with a clear conscience.(K) 10 They must also be tested first; if they prove blameless, then they can serve as deacons. 11 Wives,[b](L) likewise, should be worthy of respect, not slanderers, self-controlled,(M) faithful in everything. 12 Deacons are to be husbands of one wife, managing their children and their own households competently. 13 For those who have served well as deacons acquire a good standing for themselves and great boldness in the faith that is in Christ Jesus.

The Mystery of Godliness

14 I write these things to you, hoping to come(N) to you soon. 15 But if I should be delayed, I have written so that you will know how people ought to conduct themselves in God’s household,(O) which is the church of the living God,(P) the pillar and foundation of the truth.(Q) 16 And most certainly, the mystery of godliness(R) is great:

He[c] was manifested in the flesh,(S)
vindicated in the Spirit,(T)
seen by angels,
preached among the nations,
believed(U) on in the world,
taken up in glory.(V)


  1. 3:1 Or bishop, pastor
  2. 3:11 Or Women
  3. 3:16 Other mss read God
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Psalm 88

Psalm 88

A Cry of Desperation

A song. A psalm of the sons of Korah. For the choir director: according to Mahalath Leannoth. A Maskil of Heman the Ezrahite.(A)

Lord, God of my salvation,
I cry out before you day and night.(B)
May my prayer reach your presence;
listen to my cry.(C)

For I have had enough troubles,
and my life is near Sheol.(D)
I am counted among those going down to the Pit.(E)
I am like a man without strength,(F)
abandoned[a] among the dead.
I am like the slain lying in the grave,(G)
whom you no longer remember,
and who are cut off from your care.[b](H)

You have put me in the lowest part of the Pit,
in the darkest places, in the depths.(I)
Your wrath weighs heavily on me;(J)
you have overwhelmed me with all your waves.(K)Selah
You have distanced my friends from me;
you have made me repulsive to them.(L)
I am shut in and cannot go out.
My eyes are worn out from crying.(M)
Lord, I cry out to you all day long;(N)
I spread out my hands to you.(O)

10 Do you work wonders for the dead?
Do departed spirits rise up to praise you?(P)Selah
11 Will your faithful love be declared in the grave,
your faithfulness in Abaddon?(Q)
12 Will your wonders be known in the darkness
or your righteousness in the land of oblivion?(R)

13 But I call to you for help, Lord;
in the morning my prayer meets you.(S)
14 Lord, why do you reject me?(T)
Why do you hide your face from me?(U)
15 From my youth,
I have been suffering and near death.
I suffer your horrors; I am desperate.(V)
16 Your wrath sweeps over me;
your terrors destroy me.(W)