The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday January 25, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 50:1 - Exodus 2:10

50 Then Joseph (A)fell on his father's face and wept over him and kissed him. And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to (B)embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel. Forty days were required for it, for that is how many are required for embalming. And the Egyptians (C)wept for him seventy days.

And when the days of weeping for him were past, Joseph spoke to the household of Pharaoh, saying, (D)“If now I have found favor in your eyes, please speak in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, ‘My father made me swear, saying, “I am about to die: in my tomb (E)that I hewed out for myself in the land of Canaan, there shall you bury me.” Now therefore, let me please go up and bury my father. Then I will return.’” And Pharaoh answered, “Go up, and bury your father, as he made you swear.” So Joseph went up to bury his father. With him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his household, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, as well as all the household of Joseph, his brothers, and his father's household. Only their children, their flocks, and their herds were left (F)in the land of Goshen. And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen. It was a very great company. 10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, (G)they lamented there with a very great and grievous lamentation, and he (H)made a mourning for his father seven days. 11 When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning on the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a grievous mourning by the Egyptians.” Therefore the place was named Abel-mizraim;[a] it is beyond the Jordan. 12 Thus his sons did for him as he had commanded them, 13 for (I)his sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field at Machpelah, to the east of Mamre, which Abraham (J)bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place. 14 After he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt with his brothers and all who had gone up with him to bury his father.

God's Good Purposes

15 When Joseph's brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “It may be that Joseph will hate us and pay us back for all the evil that we did to him.” 16 So they sent a message to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave this command before he died: 17 ‘Say to Joseph, “Please forgive the transgression of your brothers and their sin, because they did evil to you.”’ And now, please forgive the transgression of the servants of (K)the God of your father.” Joseph wept when they spoke to him. 18 His brothers also came and (L)fell down before him and said, “Behold, we are your servants.” 19 But Joseph said to them, “Do not fear, for (M)am I in the place of God? 20 As for you, you meant evil against me, but (N)God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people[b] should be kept alive, as they are today. 21 So do not fear; (O)I will provide for you and your little ones.” Thus he comforted them and spoke kindly to them.

The Death of Joseph

22 So Joseph remained in Egypt, he and his father's house. Joseph lived 110 years. 23 And Joseph saw Ephraim's children (P)of the third generation. The (Q)children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were (R)counted as Joseph's own.[c] 24 And Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die, but (S)God will visit you and bring you up out of this land to the land (T)that he swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” 25 Then (U)Joseph made the sons of Israel swear, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.” 26 So Joseph died, being 110 years old. They (V)embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.

Israel Increases Greatly in Egypt

(W)These are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob, each with his household: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. All the descendants of Jacob were (X)seventy persons; Joseph was already in Egypt. Then (Y)Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. (Z)But the people of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly; they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong, so that the land was filled with them.

Pharaoh Oppresses Israel

Now there arose a new king over Egypt, (AA)who did not know Joseph. And he said to his people, “Behold, (AB)the people of Israel are too many and too mighty for us. 10 (AC)Come, (AD)let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and, if war breaks out, they join our enemies and fight against us and escape from the land.” 11 Therefore they set taskmasters over them (AE)to afflict them with heavy (AF)burdens. They built for Pharaoh (AG)store cities, Pithom and (AH)Raamses. 12 But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and the more they spread abroad. And the Egyptians were in dread of the people of Israel. 13 So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel (AI)work as slaves 14 and (AJ)made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and brick, and in all kinds of work in the field. In all their work they ruthlessly made them work as slaves.

15 Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah, 16 “When you serve as midwife to the Hebrew women and see them on the birthstool, if it is a son, you shall kill him, but if it is a daughter, she shall live.” 17 But the midwives (AK)feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but let the male children live. 18 So the king of Egypt called the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this, and let the male children live?” 19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women, for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife comes to them.” 20 (AL)So God dealt well with the midwives. And the people multiplied and grew very strong. 21 And because the midwives feared God, (AM)he gave them families. 22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, (AN)“Every son that is born to the Hebrews[d] you shall cast into (AO)the Nile, but you shall let every daughter live.”

The Birth of Moses

Now a (AP)man from the house of Levi went and took as his wife a Levite woman. The woman conceived and bore a son, and (AQ)when she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him three months. When she could hide him no longer, she took for him a basket made of bulrushes[e] and daubed it with bitumen and pitch. She put the child in it and placed it among the (AR)reeds by the river bank. And (AS)his sister stood at a distance to know what would be done to him. Now the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river, while her young women walked beside the river. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her servant woman, and she took it. When she opened it, she saw the child, and behold, the baby was crying. She took pity on him and said, “This is one of the Hebrews' children.” Then his sister said to Pharaoh's daughter, “Shall I go and call you a nurse from the Hebrew women to nurse the child for you?” And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, “Go.” So the girl went and called the child's mother. And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, “Take this child away and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed him. 10 When the child grew older, she brought him to Pharaoh's daughter, and he became (AT)her son. She named him Moses, “Because,” she said, “I (AU)drew him out of the water.”[f]


  1. Genesis 50:11 Abel-mizraim means mourning (or meadow) of Egypt
  2. Genesis 50:20 Or a numerous people
  3. Genesis 50:23 Hebrew were born on Joseph's knees
  4. Exodus 1:22 Samaritan, Septuagint, Targum; Hebrew lacks to the Hebrews
  5. Exodus 2:3 Hebrew papyrus reeds
  6. Exodus 2:10 Moses sounds like the Hebrew for draw out

Cross references:

  1. Genesis 50:1 : ch. 46:4
  2. Genesis 50:2 : ver. 26; [2 Chr. 16:14; Mark 16:1; Luke 23:56; John 19:39, 40]
  3. Genesis 50:3 : [ver. 10; Num. 20:29; Deut. 34:8; 1 Sam. 31:13; Job 2:13]
  4. Genesis 50:4 : ch. 47:29; See ch. 33:15
  5. Genesis 50:5 : 2 Chr. 16:14; Isa. 22:16; Matt. 27:60
  6. Genesis 50:8 : See ch. 45:10
  7. Genesis 50:10 : [2 Sam. 1:17; Acts 8:2]
  8. Genesis 50:10 : [ver. 3]
  9. Genesis 50:13 : ch. 49:29, 30; [Acts 7:16]
  10. Genesis 50:13 : ch. 23:16
  11. Genesis 50:17 : ch. 49:25
  12. Genesis 50:18 : [ch. 37:7, 10]
  13. Genesis 50:19 : ch. 30:2; [2 Kgs. 5:7]
  14. Genesis 50:20 : ch. 45:5, 7
  15. Genesis 50:21 : ch. 45:11; 47:12
  16. Genesis 50:23 : [Job 42:16; Ps. 128:6]
  17. Genesis 50:23 : Num. 32:39; 1 Chr. 7:14, 15
  18. Genesis 50:23 : [ch. 30:3]
  19. Genesis 50:24 : ch. 15:14; 46:4; 48:21; Ex. 3:16, 17; [Heb. 11:22]
  20. Genesis 50:24 : ch. 15:18; 26:3; 28:13; 35:12; 46:4
  21. Genesis 50:25 : Ex. 13:19; Josh. 24:32
  22. Genesis 50:26 : See ver. 2
  23. Exodus 1:1 : For ver. 1-4, see Gen. 35:23-26; 46:8-26
  24. Exodus 1:5 : Gen. 46:27; Deut. 10:22
  25. Exodus 1:6 : Gen. 50:26
  26. Exodus 1:7 : Deut. 26:5; Acts 7:17; [Gen. 46:3]
  27. Exodus 1:8 : Cited Acts 7:18
  28. Exodus 1:9 : Ps. 105:24
  29. Exodus 1:10 : Ps. 83:3, 4
  30. Exodus 1:10 : Ps. 105:25; Acts 7:19
  31. Exodus 1:11 : ch. 3:7; Gen. 15:13; Deut. 26:6
  32. Exodus 1:11 : ch. 2:11; 5:4, 5; 6:6, 7; Ps. 81:6
  33. Exodus 1:11 : [2 Chr. 16:4]
  34. Exodus 1:11 : [ch. 12:37; Gen. 47:11]
  35. Exodus 1:13 : See ch. 5:7-19
  36. Exodus 1:14 : [ch. 2:23; 6:9; Num. 20:15; Acts 7:19, 34]
  37. Exodus 1:17 : Prov. 16:6; [Dan. 3:16-18; 6:13; Acts 5:29]
  38. Exodus 1:20 : [Eccles. 8:12]
  39. Exodus 1:21 : [1 Sam. 2:35; 2 Sam. 7:11, 27; 1 Kgs. 2:24; 11:38; Ps. 127:1]
  40. Exodus 1:22 : Acts 7:19
  41. Exodus 1:22 : Gen. 41:1
  42. Exodus 2:1 : ch. 6:20; Num. 26:59; 1 Chr. 23:14
  43. Exodus 2:2 : Acts 7:20; Heb. 11:23
  44. Exodus 2:3 : ver. 5; Isa. 19:6
  45. Exodus 2:4 : ch. 15:20; Num. 26:59
  46. Exodus 2:10 : Acts 7:21; [Heb. 11:24]
  47. Exodus 2:10 : 2 Sam. 22:17; Ps. 18:16
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Matthew 16:13-17:9

Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ

13 (A)Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” 14 And they said, “Some say (B)John the Baptist, others say (C)Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” 15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” 16 Simon Peter replied, (D)“You are (E)the Christ, (F)the Son of (G)the living God.” 17 And Jesus answered him, (H)“Blessed are you, (I)Simon Bar-Jonah! For (J)flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, (K)but my Father who is in heaven. 18 And I tell you, (L)you are Peter, and (M)on this rock[a] I will build my church, and (N)the gates of (O)hell[b] shall not prevail against it. 19 I will give you (P)the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and (Q)whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed[c] in heaven.” 20 (R)Then he strictly charged the disciples to tell no one that he was the Christ.

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

21 (S)From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that (T)he must go to Jerusalem and (U)suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on (V)the third day be raised. 22 And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, “Far be it from you, Lord![d] This shall never happen to you.” 23 But he turned and said to Peter, (W)“Get behind me, Satan! You are (X)a hindrance[e] to me. For you (Y)are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.”

Take Up Your Cross and Follow Jesus

24 Then Jesus told his disciples, “If anyone would come after me, let him (Z)deny himself and (AA)take up his cross and follow me. 25 For (AB)whoever would save his life[f] will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. 26 For (AC)what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world and forfeits his soul? Or (AD)what shall a man give in return for his soul? 27 (AE)For the Son of Man is going to come with (AF)his angels in the glory of his Father, and (AG)then he will repay each person according to what he has done. 28 Truly, I say to you, there are some standing here who will not (AH)taste death (AI)until they see the Son of Man (AJ)coming in his kingdom.”

The Transfiguration

17 (AK)And after six days Jesus took with him (AL)Peter and James, and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. And he was (AM)transfigured before them, and (AN)his face shone like the sun, and (AO)his clothes became white as light. And behold, there appeared to them Moses and Elijah, talking with him. And Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good that we are here. If you wish, I will make three tents here, one for you and one for Moses and one for (AP)Elijah.” He was still speaking when, behold, (AQ)a bright cloud overshadowed them, and (AR)a voice from the cloud said, (AS)“This is my beloved Son,[g] with whom I am well pleased; (AT)listen to him.” When (AU)the disciples heard this, (AV)they fell on their faces and were terrified. But Jesus came and (AW)touched them, saying, “Rise, and (AX)have no fear.” And when they lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus only.

(AY)And as they were coming down the mountain, Jesus commanded them, (AZ)“Tell no one the vision, until the Son of Man is raised from the dead.”


  1. Matthew 16:18 The Greek words for Peter and rock sound similar
  2. Matthew 16:18 Greek the gates of Hades
  3. Matthew 16:19 Or shall have been bound… shall have been loosed
  4. Matthew 16:22 Or “[May God be] merciful to you, Lord!”
  5. Matthew 16:23 Greek stumbling block
  6. Matthew 16:25 The same Greek word can mean either soul or life, depending on the context; twice in this verse and twice in verse 26
  7. Matthew 17:5 Or my Son, my (or the) Beloved

Cross references:

  1. Matthew 16:13 : For ver. 13-16, see Mark 8:27-29; Luke 9:18-20
  2. Matthew 16:14 : ch. 14:2; Mark 6:14; Luke 9:7
  3. Matthew 16:14 : Mark 6:15; Luke 9:8; [ch. 17:10; Mark 9:11; John 1:21]
  4. Matthew 16:16 : John 11:27
  5. Matthew 16:16 : See ch. 1:17
  6. Matthew 16:16 : See ch. 14:33
  7. Matthew 16:16 : Deut. 5:26; Josh. 3:10; Ps. 42:2; Jer. 10:10; Dan. 6:20; Hos. 1:10; Acts 14:15; 2 Cor. 3:3; 1 Tim. 4:10
  8. Matthew 16:17 : [ch. 13:16]
  9. Matthew 16:17 : [John 1:42; 21:15-17]
  10. Matthew 16:17 : 1 Cor. 15:50; Gal. 1:16 (Gk.); Eph. 6:12; Heb. 2:14
  11. Matthew 16:17 : 1 Cor. 2:10; 12:3; [ch. 11:25; John 6:45]
  12. Matthew 16:18 : [ch. 10:2; John 1:42]
  13. Matthew 16:18 : Eph. 2:20; Rev. 21:14; [ch. 7:24]
  14. Matthew 16:18 : Job 38:17; Isa. 38:10
  15. Matthew 16:18 : See ch. 11:23
  16. Matthew 16:19 : [Isa. 22:22; Rev. 1:18; 3:7]
  17. Matthew 16:19 : [ch. 18:18; John 20:23]
  18. Matthew 16:20 : Mark 8:30; Luke 9:21; [ch. 17:9]; See ch. 12:16
  19. Matthew 16:21 : For ver. 21-28, see Mark 8:31–9:1; Luke 9:22-27; [ch. 17:12, 22, 23; 20:17-19]
  20. Matthew 16:21 : ch. 20:18; [Luke 13:33]
  21. Matthew 16:21 : ch. 17:12, 22, 23; Luke 24:7
  22. Matthew 16:21 : See ch. 27:63; John 2:19
  23. Matthew 16:23 : [ch. 4:10]
  24. Matthew 16:23 : See ch. 13:41
  25. Matthew 16:23 : Rom. 8:5; Phil. 3:19; Col. 3:2; [Phil. 2:5]
  26. Matthew 16:24 : [2 Tim. 2:12, 13]
  27. Matthew 16:24 : See ch. 10:38, 39
  28. Matthew 16:25 : [See ver. 24 above]; See ch. 10:38, 39
  29. Matthew 16:26 : [Luke 12:20]
  30. Matthew 16:26 : [Ps. 49:7, 8]
  31. Matthew 16:27 : ch. 24:30; 25:31; 26:64; Dan. 7:10, 13; Zech. 14:5; John 1:51; Acts 1:11; 1 Thess. 1:10; 4:16; Jude 14; Rev. 1:7; [Deut. 33:2]
  32. Matthew 16:27 : ch. 13:41
  33. Matthew 16:27 : Rom. 2:6; 14:12; 2 Cor. 5:10; Heb. 9:27; 1 Pet. 1:17; Rev. 2:23; 20:12; 22:12; See Acts 10:42; 1 Cor. 3:8
  34. Matthew 16:28 : John 8:52; Heb. 2:9
  35. Matthew 16:28 : [ch. 10:23; 23:36; 24:34]
  36. Matthew 16:28 : Luke 23:42
  37. Matthew 17:1 : For ver. 1-8, see Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:28-36
  38. Matthew 17:1 : ch. 26:37; Mark 5:37
  39. Matthew 17:2 : [2 Cor. 3:18 (Gk.)]
  40. Matthew 17:2 : Rev. 1:16; 10:1
  41. Matthew 17:2 : Dan. 7:9; [ch. 28:3; Ps. 104:2]
  42. Matthew 17:4 : [Mal. 4:5]
  43. Matthew 17:5 : 2 Pet. 1:17; [Ex. 24:15, 16]
  44. Matthew 17:5 : 2 Pet. 1:17; [Ex. 24:15, 16]
  45. Matthew 17:5 : See ch. 3:17
  46. Matthew 17:5 : Acts 3:22
  47. Matthew 17:6 : 2 Pet. 1:18
  48. Matthew 17:6 : [Gen. 17:3; Ezek. 1:28; Rev. 1:17]
  49. Matthew 17:7 : Dan. 8:18; 10:10, 18
  50. Matthew 17:7 : ch. 14:27
  51. Matthew 17:9 : For ver. 9-13, see Mark 9:9-13
  52. Matthew 17:9 : See ch. 8:4; 12:16
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 21

The King Rejoices in the Lord's Strength

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

21 O Lord, in your (A)strength the king rejoices,
and in your (B)salvation how greatly he exults!
You have (C)given him his heart's desire
and have not withheld the request of his lips. Selah
For you (D)meet him with rich blessings;
you set (E)a crown of (F)fine gold upon his head.
He asked life of you; you (G)gave it to him,
(H)length of days forever and ever.
His (I)glory is great through your salvation;
(J)splendor and majesty you bestow on him.
For you make him most blessed forever;[a]
you make him glad with the (K)joy of your presence.
For the king trusts in the Lord,
and through the steadfast love of the Most High he shall not be (L)moved.

Your hand will (M)find out all your enemies;
your right hand will find out those who hate you.
You will make them as (N)a blazing oven
when you appear.
The Lord will swallow them up in his (O)wrath,
and (P)fire will consume them.
10 You (Q)will destroy their (R)descendants from the earth,
and their offspring from among the children of man.
11 Though they plan evil against you,
though they (S)devise mischief, they will not succeed.
12 For you will put them (T)to flight;
you will (U)aim at their faces with your bows.

13 Be exalted, O Lord, in your strength!
We will sing and praise your power.


  1. Psalm 21:6 Or make him a source of blessing forever
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 5:1-6

Warning Against Adultery

(A)My son, be attentive to my wisdom;
(B)incline your ear to my understanding,
that you may keep (C)discretion,
and your lips may (D)guard knowledge.
For the lips of (E)a forbidden[a] woman drip honey,
and her speech[b] is (F)smoother than oil,
but in the end she is (G)bitter as (H)wormwood,
(I)sharp as (J)a two-edged sword.
Her feet (K)go down to death;
her steps follow the path to[c] Sheol;
she (L)does not ponder the path of life;
her ways wander, and she does not know it.


  1. Proverbs 5:3 Hebrew strange; also verse 20
  2. Proverbs 5:3 Hebrew palate
  3. Proverbs 5:5 Hebrew lay hold of
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday January 24, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 48-49

Jacob Blesses Ephraim and Manasseh

48 After this, Joseph was told, “Behold, your father is ill.” So he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. And it was told to Jacob, “Your son Joseph has come to you.” Then Israel summoned his strength and sat up in bed. And Jacob said to Joseph, (A)“God Almighty[a] appeared to me at (B)Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples and will give this land to your offspring after you (C)for an everlasting possession.’ And now your (D)two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, (E)are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh shall be mine, as Reuben and Simeon are. And the children that you fathered after them shall be yours. They shall be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance. As for me, when I came from Paddan, to my sorrow (F)Rachel died in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was still some distance[b] to go to Ephrath, and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).”

When Israel saw Joseph's sons, he said, “Who are these?” Joseph said to his father, (G)“They are my sons, whom God has given me here.” And he said, “Bring them to me, please, that (H)I may bless them.” 10 Now (I)the eyes of Israel were dim with age, so that he could not see. So Joseph brought them near him, (J)and he kissed them and embraced them. 11 And Israel said to Joseph, (K)“I never expected to see your face; and behold, God has let me see your offspring also.” 12 Then Joseph removed them from his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to the earth. 13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel's left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel's right hand, and brought them near him. 14 (L)And Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it on the head of Ephraim, who was the younger, and his left hand on the head of Manasseh, (M)crossing his hands (for Manasseh was the firstborn). 15 And he blessed Joseph and said,

“The God (N)before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,
the God who has been my shepherd all my life long to this day,
16 (O)the angel who has (P)redeemed me from all evil, bless the boys;
and in them let (Q)my name be carried on, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac;
and let them (R)grow into a multitude[c] in the midst of the earth.”

17 When Joseph saw that his father (S)laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him, and he took his father's hand to move it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head. 18 And Joseph said to his father, “Not this way, my father; since this one is the firstborn, put your right hand on his head.” 19 But his father refused and said, (T)“I know, my son, I know. He also shall become a people, and he also shall be great. Nevertheless, (U)his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his offspring shall become a multitude[d] of nations.” 20 So he blessed them that day, saying,

“By you Israel will pronounce blessings, saying,
(V)‘God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh.’”

Thus he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am about to die, but (W)God will be with you and will bring you again to the land of your fathers. 22 Moreover, I have given to (X)you rather than to your brothers one mountain slope[e] that I took from the hand of the Amorites with my sword and with my bow.”

Jacob Blesses His Sons

49 (Y)Then Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you what shall happen to you (Z)in days to come.

“Assemble and listen, O sons of Jacob,
listen to Israel your father.

“Reuben, you are (AA)my firstborn,
my might, and the (AB)firstfruits of my strength,
preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power.
Unstable as water, you shall not have preeminence,
because you (AC)went up to your father's bed;
then you defiled it—he went up to my couch!

(AD)“Simeon and Levi are brothers;
weapons (AE)of violence are their swords.
Let my soul come not into their council;
(AF)O my glory, (AG)be not joined to their company.
For in their anger they killed men,
and in their willfulness they (AH)hamstrung oxen.
Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce,
and their wrath, for it is cruel!
I will (AI)divide them in Jacob
and scatter them in Israel.

“Judah, (AJ)your brothers shall praise you;
(AK)your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
(AL)your father's sons shall bow down before you.
Judah is (AM)a lion's cub;
from the prey, my son, you have gone up.
(AN)He stooped down; he crouched as a lion
and as a lioness; who dares rouse him?
10 The (AO)scepter shall not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler's staff (AP)from between his feet,
until tribute comes to him;[f]
and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
11 Binding his foal to the vine
and his donkey's colt to the choice vine,
he has washed his garments in wine
and his vesture in the blood of grapes.
12 His (AQ)eyes are darker than wine,
and his teeth whiter than milk.

13 (AR)“Zebulun shall dwell at the (AS)shore of the sea;
he shall become a haven for ships,
and his border shall be at Sidon.

14 (AT)“Issachar is a strong donkey,
crouching between the sheepfolds.[g]
15 He saw that a resting place was good,
and that the land was pleasant,
so he bowed his shoulder to bear,
and (AU)became a servant at forced labor.

16 (AV)“Dan shall (AW)judge his people
as one of the tribes of Israel.
17 Dan (AX)shall be a serpent in the way,
a viper by the path,
that bites the horse's heels
so that his rider falls backward.
18 I (AY)wait for your salvation, O Lord.

19 (AZ)“Raiders shall raid (BA)Gad,[h]
but he shall raid at their heels.

20 (BB)“Asher's food shall be rich,
and he shall yield royal delicacies.

21 (BC)“Naphtali is a doe let loose
that bears beautiful fawns.[i]

22 “Joseph is (BD)a fruitful bough,
a fruitful bough by a spring;
his branches run over the wall.[j]
23 The archers (BE)bitterly attacked him,
shot at him, and harassed him severely,
24 yet (BF)his bow remained unmoved;
his arms[k] were made agile
by the hands of the (BG)Mighty One of Jacob
(from there is (BH)the Shepherd,[l] (BI)the Stone of Israel),
25 (BJ)by the God of your father who will help you,
by (BK)the Almighty[m] (BL)who will bless you
with blessings of heaven above,
blessings of the deep that crouches beneath,
blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
26 The blessings of your father
are mighty beyond the blessings of my parents,
up to the bounties (BM)of the everlasting hills.[n]
May they be (BN)on the head of Joseph,
and on the brow of him who was set apart from his brothers.

27 (BO)“Benjamin is a ravenous wolf,
in the morning devouring the prey
and at evening (BP)dividing the spoil.”

Jacob's Death and Burial

28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel. This is what their father said to them as he blessed them, blessing each with the blessing suitable to him. 29 Then he commanded them and said to them, “I am to be (BQ)gathered to my people; (BR)bury me with my fathers (BS)in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 in the cave that is in the field at Machpelah, to the east of Mamre, in the land of Canaan, (BT)which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place. 31 (BU)There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. There (BV)they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah— 32 the field and the cave that is in it were bought from the Hittites.” 33 When Jacob finished commanding his sons, he drew up his feet into the bed and breathed his last and (BW)was gathered to his people.


  1. Genesis 48:3 Hebrew El Shaddai
  2. Genesis 48:7 Or about two hours' distance
  3. Genesis 48:16 Or let them be like fish for multitude
  4. Genesis 48:19 Hebrew fullness
  5. Genesis 48:22 Or one portion of the land; Hebrew shekem, which sounds like the town and district called Shechem
  6. Genesis 49:10 By a slight revocalization; a slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint, Syriac, Targum) until he comes to whom it belongs; Hebrew until Shiloh comes, or until he comes to Shiloh
  7. Genesis 49:14 Or between its saddlebags
  8. Genesis 49:19 Gad sounds like the Hebrew for raiders and raid
  9. Genesis 49:21 Or he gives beautiful words, or that bears fawns of the fold
  10. Genesis 49:22 Or Joseph is a wild donkey, a wild donkey beside a spring, his wild colts beside the wall
  11. Genesis 49:24 Hebrew the arms of his hands
  12. Genesis 49:24 Or by the name of the Shepherd
  13. Genesis 49:25 Hebrew Shaddai
  14. Genesis 49:26 A slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint) the blessings of the eternal mountains, the bounties of the everlasting hills

Cross references:

  1. Genesis 48:3 : See ch. 17:1
  2. Genesis 48:3 : ch. 28:13, 19; 35:6, 9
  3. Genesis 48:4 : ch. 17:8
  4. Genesis 48:5 : ch. 41:50-52; 46:20
  5. Genesis 48:5 : Josh. 13:7; 14:4; 17:17
  6. Genesis 48:7 : See ch. 35:9-19
  7. Genesis 48:9 : [ch. 33:5]
  8. Genesis 48:9 : ch. 49:25, 26; Heb. 11:21; [ch. 27:4]
  9. Genesis 48:10 : [ch. 27:1]
  10. Genesis 48:10 : ch. 27:27
  11. Genesis 48:11 : [ch. 37:33; 45:26]
  12. Genesis 48:14 : ver. 17
  13. Genesis 48:14 : ver. 19
  14. Genesis 48:15 : ch. 17:1; 24:40
  15. Genesis 48:16 : ch. 28:15; 31:11, 13, 24; Ex. 23:20
  16. Genesis 48:16 : Isa. 44:22, 23; 49:7; 63:9; [2 Sam. 4:9; Ps. 34:22; 121:7]
  17. Genesis 48:16 : Amos 9:12; Acts 15:17
  18. Genesis 48:16 : [Num. 26:34, 37]
  19. Genesis 48:17 : ver. 14
  20. Genesis 48:19 : [See ver. 17 above]; ver. 14
  21. Genesis 48:19 : Num. 1:33, 35; 2:19, 21; Deut. 33:17
  22. Genesis 48:20 : [Ruth 4:11, 12]
  23. Genesis 48:21 : ch. 46:4; 50:24
  24. Genesis 48:22 : Josh. 24:32; John 4:5
  25. Genesis 49:1 : For ver. 1-27, see Deut. 33:6-25
  26. Genesis 49:1 : Num. 24:14; Deut. 4:30; 31:29; Isa. 2:2; Jer. 23:20; Dan. 2:28; 10:14; Hos. 3:5
  27. Genesis 49:3 : ch. 29:32
  28. Genesis 49:3 : Deut. 21:17
  29. Genesis 49:4 : ch. 35:22; 1 Chr. 5:1
  30. Genesis 49:5 : ch. 29:33, 34
  31. Genesis 49:5 : ch. 34:25, 26
  32. Genesis 49:6 : [Ps. 16:9; 57:8]
  33. Genesis 49:6 : [Ps. 26:9]
  34. Genesis 49:6 : Josh. 11:6, 9; 2 Sam. 8:4
  35. Genesis 49:7 : See Num. 3:5-13; Josh. 19:1-9; 1 Chr. 4:24-39
  36. Genesis 49:8 : ch. 29:35; [ch. 27:29]
  37. Genesis 49:8 : [Job 16:12]
  38. Genesis 49:8 : 1 Chr. 5:2
  39. Genesis 49:9 : Rev. 5:5; [Deut. 33:22; Hos. 5:14]
  40. Genesis 49:9 : [Num. 23:24; 24:9]
  41. Genesis 49:10 : Num. 24:17; Zech. 10:11
  42. Genesis 49:10 : Deut. 28:57
  43. Genesis 49:12 : Prov. 23:29
  44. Genesis 49:13 : [Deut. 33:18, 19]; Josh. 19:10, 11
  45. Genesis 49:13 : [Deut. 1:7; Josh. 9:1; Judg. 5:17]
  46. Genesis 49:14 : Judg. 5:16; [1 Chr. 12:32]
  47. Genesis 49:15 : Josh. 16:10
  48. Genesis 49:16 : [Deut. 33:22]
  49. Genesis 49:16 : ch. 30:6
  50. Genesis 49:17 : Judg. 18:27
  51. Genesis 49:18 : Ps. 25:5; 119:166, 174; Isa. 25:9; Mic. 7:7; [Luke 2:25]
  52. Genesis 49:19 : [Deut. 33:20]
  53. Genesis 49:19 : See 1 Chr. 5:18-22
  54. Genesis 49:20 : [Deut. 33:24]
  55. Genesis 49:21 : [Deut. 33:23]
  56. Genesis 49:22 : ch. 41:52; Josh. 17:14, 18
  57. Genesis 49:23 : [ch. 37:24, 28; 39:20]
  58. Genesis 49:24 : Job 29:20
  59. Genesis 49:24 : Ps. 132:2, 5; Isa. 1:24
  60. Genesis 49:24 : Ps. 23:1; 80:1
  61. Genesis 49:24 : Isa. 28:16; Eph. 2:20; 1 Pet. 2:4; [Deut. 32:4]
  62. Genesis 49:25 : ch. 35:3; 50:17
  63. Genesis 49:25 : ch. 17:1; 35:11
  64. Genesis 49:25 : Deut. 33:13
  65. Genesis 49:26 : Deut. 33:15; Hab. 3:6
  66. Genesis 49:26 : Deut. 33:16
  67. Genesis 49:27 : [Judg. 20:21, 25; Ezek. 22:27]
  68. Genesis 49:27 : Zech. 14:1; [Ezek. 39:10]
  69. Genesis 49:29 : ver. 33; ch. 25:8
  70. Genesis 49:29 : ch. 47:30
  71. Genesis 49:29 : ch. 50:13; [ch. 23:9]
  72. Genesis 49:30 : See ch. 23:16-18
  73. Genesis 49:31 : ch. 23:19; 25:9
  74. Genesis 49:31 : ch. 35:29
  75. Genesis 49:33 : ver. 29
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Matthew 15:29-16:12

Jesus Heals Many

29 (A)Jesus went on from there and walked (B)beside the Sea of Galilee. And he (C)went up on the mountain and sat down there. 30 And great crowds came to him, bringing with them (D)the lame, the blind, the crippled, the mute, and many others, and they put them at his feet, and he healed them, 31 (E)so that the crowd wondered, when they saw the mute speaking, (F)the crippled healthy, the lame walking, and the blind seeing. And (G)they glorified (H)the God of Israel.

Jesus Feeds the Four Thousand

32 (I)Then Jesus called his disciples to him and said, (J)“I have compassion on the crowd because they have been with me now three days and have nothing to eat. And I am unwilling to send them away hungry, lest they faint on the way.” 33 And the disciples said to him, “Where are we to get enough bread in such a desolate place to feed so great a crowd?” 34 And Jesus said to them, “How many loaves do you have?” They said, (K)“Seven, and a few small fish.” 35 And directing the crowd to sit down on the ground, 36 he took the seven loaves and the fish, and (L)having given thanks he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 37 And (M)they all ate and were satisfied. And they took up seven baskets full of the broken pieces left over. 38 Those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children. 39 And after sending away the crowds, he got into the boat and went to the region of (N)Magadan.

The Pharisees and Sadducees Demand Signs

16 (O)And the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and (P)to test him (Q)they asked him to show them (R)a sign from heaven. He answered them,[a] (S)“When it is evening, you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.’ And in the morning, ‘It will be stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ (T)You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret (U)the signs of the times. (V)An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.” So (W)he left them and departed.

The Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees

When the disciples reached the other side, they had forgotten to bring any bread. Jesus said to them, “Watch and (X)beware of (Y)the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” And they began discussing it among themselves, saying, “We brought no bread.” But (Z)Jesus, aware of this, said, (AA)“O you of little faith, why are you discussing among yourselves the fact that you have no bread? (AB)Do you not yet perceive? Do you not remember (AC)the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you gathered? 10 Or (AD)the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you gathered? 11 How is it that you fail to understand that I did not speak about bread? (AE)Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” 12 (AF)Then they understood that he did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of (AG)the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.


  1. Matthew 16:2 Some manuscripts omit the following words to the end of verse 3
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 20

Trust in the Name of the Lord Our God

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

20 May the Lord (A)answer you in the day of trouble!
May (B)the name of the God of Jacob (C)protect you!
May he send you help from (D)the sanctuary
and give you support from (E)Zion!
May he (F)remember all your offerings
and regard with favor your burnt sacrifices! Selah

May he (G)grant you your heart's desire
and fulfill all your plans!
May we shout for joy over (H)your salvation,
and in the name of our God set up our (I)banners!
May the Lord fulfill all your petitions!

Now I know that the Lord saves his anointed;
he will answer him from his holy heaven
with (J)the saving might of his right hand.
Some trust in (K)chariots and some in (L)horses,
(M)but we trust in the name of the Lord our God.
They collapse and fall,
but we rise and stand upright.

O Lord, save (N)the king!
May he answer us when we call.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 4:20-27

20 (A)My son, be attentive to my words;
incline your ear to my sayings.
21 (B)Let them not escape from your sight;
(C)keep them within your heart.
22 For they are (D)life to those who find them,
and healing to all their[a] flesh.
23 Keep your heart with all vigilance,
for (E)from it flow (F)the springs of life.
24 Put away from you (G)crooked speech,
and put (H)devious talk far from you.
25 (I)Let your eyes look directly forward,
and your gaze be straight before you.
26 (J)Ponder[b] the path of your feet;
(K)then all your ways will be sure.
27 (L)Do not swerve to the right or to the left;
turn your foot away from evil.


  1. Proverbs 4:22 Hebrew his
  2. Proverbs 4:26 Or Make level
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday January 23, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 46-47

Joseph Brings His Family to Egypt

46 So Israel took his journey with all that he had and came to (A)Beersheba, and offered sacrifices (B)to the God of his father Isaac. And God spoke to Israel (C)in visions of the night and said, “Jacob, Jacob.” And he said, “Here I am.” Then he said, “I am God, (D)the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for there I will (E)make you into a great nation. I myself will go down with you to Egypt, and I will also (F)bring you up again, and (G)Joseph's hand shall close your eyes.”

Then Jacob set out from Beersheba. The sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons (H)that Pharaoh had sent to carry him. They also took their livestock and their goods, which they had gained in the land of Canaan, and (I)came into Egypt, Jacob and all his offspring with him, his sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters. All his offspring he brought with him into Egypt.

(J)Now (K)these are the names of the descendants of Israel, who came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons. (L)Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and the sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. 10 The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. 11 The sons of (M)Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 12 The sons of (N)Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (but (O)Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan); and the sons of (P)Perez were Hezron and Hamul. 13 (Q)The sons of Issachar: Tola, Puvah, Yob, and Shimron. 14 The sons of Zebulun: Sered, Elon, and Jahleel. 15 These are the sons of Leah, (R)whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan-aram, together with his daughter Dinah; altogether his sons and his daughters numbered thirty-three.

16 The sons of Gad: Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli. 17 (S)The sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, with Serah their sister. And the sons of Beriah: Heber and Malchiel. 18 (T)These are the sons of Zilpah, (U)whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter; and these she bore to Jacob—sixteen persons.

19 The sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife: Joseph and Benjamin. 20 And (V)to Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera the priest of (W)On, bore to him. 21 And (X)the sons of Benjamin: Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. 22 These are the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob—fourteen persons in all.

23 The son[a] of Dan: Hushim. 24 (Y)The sons of Naphtali: Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem. 25 (Z)These are the sons of Bilhah, (AA)whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, and these she bore to Jacob—seven persons in all.

26 All the persons belonging to Jacob who came into Egypt, who were his own descendants, not including Jacob's sons' wives, were sixty-six persons in all. 27 And the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two. (AB)All the persons of the house of Jacob who came into Egypt were seventy.

Jacob and Joseph Reunited

28 He had sent Judah ahead of him to Joseph to show the way before him in Goshen, and they came (AC)into the land of Goshen. 29 Then Joseph prepared his chariot and went up to meet Israel his father in Goshen. He presented himself to him and (AD)fell on his neck and wept on his neck a good while. 30 Israel said to Joseph, (AE)“Now let me die, since I have seen your face and know that you are still alive.” 31 Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's household, (AF)“I will go up and tell Pharaoh and will say to him, ‘My brothers and my father's household, who were in the land of Canaan, have come to me. 32 (AG)And the men are shepherds, for they have been keepers of livestock, and they have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’ 33 When Pharaoh calls you and says, (AH)‘What is your occupation?’ 34 you shall say, (AI)‘Your servants have been keepers of livestock (AJ)from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,’ in order that you may dwell (AK)in the land of Goshen, for every shepherd is (AL)an abomination to the Egyptians.”

Jacob's Family Settles in Goshen

47 So Joseph (AM)went in and told Pharaoh, “My father and my brothers, with their flocks and herds and all that they possess, have come from the land of Canaan. They are now in (AN)the land of Goshen.” And from among his brothers he took five men and (AO)presented them to Pharaoh. Pharaoh said to his brothers, (AP)“What is your occupation?” And they said to Pharaoh, (AQ)“Your servants are shepherds, as our fathers were.” They said to Pharaoh, (AR)“We have come to sojourn in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants' flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. And now, please let your servants dwell (AS)in the land of Goshen.” Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt is before you. Settle your father and your brothers (AT)in the best of the land. (AU)Let them settle in the land of Goshen, and if you know any (AV)able men among them, put them in charge of my livestock.”

Then Joseph brought in Jacob his father and stood him before Pharaoh, (AW)and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. And Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How many are the days of the years of your life?” And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my (AX)sojourning are 130 years. (AY)Few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and (AZ)they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their (BA)sojourning.” 10 And Jacob (BB)blessed Pharaoh and went out from the presence of Pharaoh. 11 Then Joseph settled his father and his brothers and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of (BC)Rameses, (BD)as Pharaoh had commanded. 12 And Joseph (BE)provided his father, his brothers, and all his father's household with food, according to the number of their dependents.

Joseph and the Famine

13 Now there was no food in all the land, for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished by reason of the famine. 14 (BF)And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, in exchange for the grain that they bought. And Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh's house. 15 And when the money was all spent in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us food. (BG)Why should we die before your eyes? For our money is gone.” 16 And Joseph answered, “Give your livestock, and I will give you food in exchange for your livestock, if your money is gone.” 17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food in exchange for the horses, the flocks, the herds, and the donkeys. He supplied them with food in exchange for all their livestock that year. 18 And when that year was ended, they came to him the following year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord that our money is all spent. The herds of livestock are my lord's. There is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our bodies and our land. 19 Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? (BH)Buy us and our land for food, and we with our land will be servants to Pharaoh. And give us seed that we may live and not die, and that the land may not be desolate.”

20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, for all the Egyptians sold their fields, because the famine was severe on them. The land became Pharaoh's. 21 As for the people, he made servants of them[b] from one end of Egypt to the other. 22 (BI)Only the land of the priests he did not buy, for the priests had a fixed allowance from Pharaoh and lived on the allowance that Pharaoh gave them; therefore they did not sell their land.

23 Then Joseph said to the people, “Behold, I have this day bought you and your land for Pharaoh. Now here is seed for you, and you shall sow the land. 24 And at the harvests you shall give a (BJ)fifth to Pharaoh, and four fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and as food for yourselves and your households, and as food for your little ones.” 25 And they said, “You have saved our lives; (BK)may it please my lord, we will be servants to Pharaoh.” 26 So Joseph made it a statute concerning the land of Egypt, and it stands to this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth; (BL)the land of the priests alone did not become Pharaoh's.

27 Thus Israel settled in the land of Egypt, (BM)in the land of Goshen. (BN)And they gained possessions in it, and were fruitful and multiplied greatly. 28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years. (BO)So the days of Jacob, the years of his life, were 147 years.

29 And (BP)when the time drew near that Israel must die, he called his son Joseph and said to him, “If now (BQ)I have found favor in your sight, (BR)put your hand under my thigh and (BS)promise to deal kindly and truly with me. (BT)Do not bury me in Egypt, 30 but let me lie with my fathers. Carry me out of Egypt and (BU)bury me in their burying place.” He answered, “I will do as you have said.” 31 And he said, “Swear to me”; and he swore to him. Then (BV)Israel bowed himself upon the head of his bed.[c]


  1. Genesis 46:23 Hebrew sons
  2. Genesis 47:21 Samaritan, Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew he removed them to the cities
  3. Genesis 47:31 Hebrew; Septuagint staff

Cross references:

  1. Genesis 46:1 : ch. 21:31, 33; 26:33; 28:10
  2. Genesis 46:1 : ch. 26:24, 25; 28:13; 31:42
  3. Genesis 46:2 : ch. 15:1; Job 33:14, 15
  4. Genesis 46:3 : ch. 28:13
  5. Genesis 46:3 : ch. 35:11; [ch. 12:2; Ex. 1:7, 9; Deut. 26:5]
  6. Genesis 46:4 : ch. 15:16; 28:15; 48:21; 50:24; Ex. 3:8
  7. Genesis 46:4 : ch. 50:1
  8. Genesis 46:5 : ch. 45:19, 21, 27
  9. Genesis 46:6 : Josh. 24:4; Ps. 105:23; Isa. 52:4; Acts 7:14, 15
  10. Genesis 46:8 : For ver. 8-11, see Ex. 6:14-16
  11. Genesis 46:8 : Ex. 1:1-5
  12. Genesis 46:8 : Num. 26:5; 1 Chr. 5:1-3
  13. Genesis 46:11 : 1 Chr. 6:1
  14. Genesis 46:12 : 1 Chr. 2:3; 4:21
  15. Genesis 46:12 : ch. 38:3, 7, 10
  16. Genesis 46:12 : ch. 38:29; 1 Chr. 2:5
  17. Genesis 46:13 : 1 Chr. 7:1
  18. Genesis 46:15 : See ch. 29:32-35; 30:1-21
  19. Genesis 46:17 : 1 Chr. 7:30
  20. Genesis 46:18 : See ch. 30:10-13
  21. Genesis 46:18 : ch. 29:24
  22. Genesis 46:20 : ch. 41:50-52
  23. Genesis 46:20 : ch. 41:45
  24. Genesis 46:21 : See Num. 26:38-40; 1 Chr. 7:6-12; 8:1
  25. Genesis 46:24 : 1 Chr. 7:13
  26. Genesis 46:25 : See ch. 30:5-8
  27. Genesis 46:25 : ch. 29:29
  28. Genesis 46:27 : Ex. 1:5; Deut. 10:22; [Acts 7:14]
  29. Genesis 46:28 : See ch. 45:10
  30. Genesis 46:29 : [ch. 45:14]
  31. Genesis 46:30 : [Luke 2:29, 30]
  32. Genesis 46:31 : ch. 47:1
  33. Genesis 46:32 : ch. 47:3
  34. Genesis 46:33 : [See ver. 32 above]; ch. 47:3
  35. Genesis 46:34 : [See ver. 32 above]; ch. 47:3
  36. Genesis 46:34 : ch. 37:12
  37. Genesis 46:34 : ver. 28
  38. Genesis 46:34 : ch. 43:32; Ex. 8:26
  39. Genesis 47:1 : ch. 46:31
  40. Genesis 47:1 : See ch. 45:10
  41. Genesis 47:2 : Acts 7:13
  42. Genesis 47:3 : ch. 46:33
  43. Genesis 47:3 : ch. 46:32, 34
  44. Genesis 47:4 : ch. 15:13; Deut. 26:5
  45. Genesis 47:4 : ch. 46:34
  46. Genesis 47:6 : ch. 45:18
  47. Genesis 47:6 : ver. 4
  48. Genesis 47:6 : Ex. 18:21, 25
  49. Genesis 47:7 : ver. 10
  50. Genesis 47:9 : 1 Chr. 29:15; Ps. 39:12; 119:19, 54; Heb. 11:9, 13
  51. Genesis 47:9 : Job 14:1; [Ps. 39:4, 5; James 4:14]
  52. Genesis 47:9 : ch. 11:32; 25:7; 35:28
  53. Genesis 47:9 : 1 Chr. 29:15; Ps. 39:12; 119:19, 54; Heb. 11:9, 13
  54. Genesis 47:10 : ver. 7
  55. Genesis 47:11 : Ex. 1:11; 12:37; [ch. 45:10]
  56. Genesis 47:11 : ver. 6
  57. Genesis 47:12 : ch. 45:11; 50:21
  58. Genesis 47:14 : ch. 41:56
  59. Genesis 47:15 : ver. 19
  60. Genesis 47:19 : [Neh. 5:2, 3]
  61. Genesis 47:22 : [Ezra 7:24]
  62. Genesis 47:24 : ch. 41:34
  63. Genesis 47:25 : See ch. 33:15
  64. Genesis 47:26 : ver. 22
  65. Genesis 47:27 : See ch. 45:10
  66. Genesis 47:27 : ch. 46:3
  67. Genesis 47:28 : [ver. 9]
  68. Genesis 47:29 : Deut. 31:14; 1 Kgs. 2:1
  69. Genesis 47:29 : See ch. 33:15
  70. Genesis 47:29 : ch. 24:2
  71. Genesis 47:29 : ch. 24:49
  72. Genesis 47:29 : [ch. 50:25]
  73. Genesis 47:30 : ch. 49:29; 50:5, 13
  74. Genesis 47:31 : ch. 48:2; 1 Kgs. 1:47; [Heb. 11:21]
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Matthew 15:1-28

Traditions and Commandments

15 (A)Then Pharisees and (B)scribes came to Jesus (C)from Jerusalem and said, (D)“Why do your disciples break (E)the tradition of the elders? (F)For they do not wash their hands when they eat.” He answered them, “And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition? For God commanded, (G)‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, (H)‘Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.’ But you say, ‘If anyone tells his father or his mother, “What you would have gained from me is given to God,”[a] he need not honor his father.’ So for the sake of your tradition you have (I)made void the word[b] of God. (J)You hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy of you, when he said:

(K)“‘This people honors me with their lips,
but their heart is far from me;
in vain do they worship me,
teaching as (L)doctrines the commandments of men.’”

What Defiles a Person

10 And he called the people to him and said to them, (M)“Hear and understand: 11 (N)it is not what goes into the mouth that defiles a person, but what comes out of the mouth; this defiles a person.” 12 Then the disciples came and said to him, “Do you know that the Pharisees were (O)offended when they heard this saying?” 13 He answered, (P)“Every plant that my heavenly Father has not planted (Q)will be rooted up. 14 Let them alone; (R)they are blind guides.[c] And (S)if the blind lead the blind, both will fall into a pit.” 15 But Peter said to him, (T)“Explain the parable to us.” 16 And he said, (U)“Are you also still without understanding? 17 Do you not see that (V)whatever goes into the mouth passes into the stomach and is expelled?[d] 18 But (W)what comes out of the mouth proceeds from the heart, and this defiles a person. 19 For out of the heart come (X)evil thoughts, (Y)murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false witness, (Z)slander. 20 (AA)These are what defile a person. But (AB)to eat with unwashed hands does not defile anyone.”

The Faith of a Canaanite Woman

21 (AC)And Jesus went away from there and withdrew to the district of Tyre and Sidon. 22 And behold, (AD)a Canaanite woman from that region came out and was crying, (AE)“Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David; my daughter is severely oppressed by a demon.” 23 But he did not answer her a word. And his disciples came and begged him, saying, (AF)“Send her away, for she is crying out after us.” 24 He answered, (AG)“I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” 25 But she came and (AH)knelt before him, saying, “Lord, help me.” 26 And he answered, “It is not right to take the children's bread and (AI)throw it to the dogs.” 27 She said, “Yes, Lord, yet even the dogs eat (AJ)the crumbs that fall from their masters' table.” 28 Then Jesus answered her, “O woman, (AK)great is your faith! (AL)Be it done for you as you desire.” (AM)And her daughter was (AN)healed instantly.[e]


  1. Matthew 15:5 Or is an offering
  2. Matthew 15:6 Some manuscripts law
  3. Matthew 15:14 Some manuscripts add of the blind
  4. Matthew 15:17 Greek is expelled into the latrine
  5. Matthew 15:28 Greek from that hour
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 19

The Law of the Lord Is Perfect

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

19 (A)The heavens declare the glory of God,
and the sky above[a] proclaims his handiwork.
Day to day pours out speech,
and night to night reveals knowledge.
There is no speech, nor are there words,
whose voice is not heard.
(B)Their (C)voice[b] goes out through all the earth,
and their words to the end of the world.
In them he has set a tent for (D)the sun,
(E)which comes out like (F)a bridegroom leaving his chamber,
and, like a strong man, runs its course with joy.
Its rising is from the end of the heavens,
and its circuit to the end of them,
and there is nothing hidden from its heat.

(G)The law of the Lord is perfect,[c]
(H)reviving the soul;
(I)the testimony of the Lord is (J)sure,
(K)making wise (L)the simple;
(M)the precepts of the Lord are right,
rejoicing the heart;
the commandment of the Lord is (N)pure,
(O)enlightening the eyes;
the fear of the Lord is clean,
enduring forever;
the rules[d] of the Lord are (P)true,
and righteous altogether.
10 More to be desired are they than (Q)gold,
even much (R)fine gold;
(S)sweeter also than honey
and drippings of (T)the honeycomb.
11 Moreover, by them is your servant warned;
(U)in keeping them there is great reward.

12 (V)Who can discern his errors?
(W)Declare me innocent from (X)hidden faults.
13 (Y)Keep back your servant also from (Z)presumptuous sins;
let them not have (AA)dominion over me!
Then I shall be blameless,
and innocent of great transgression.

14 Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart
be acceptable in your sight,
O Lord, my (AB)rock and my (AC)redeemer.


  1. Psalm 19:1 Hebrew the expanse; compare Genesis 1:6–8
  2. Psalm 19:4 Or Their measuring line
  3. Psalm 19:7 Or blameless
  4. Psalm 19:9 Or just decrees
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 4:14-19

14 (A)Do not enter the path of the wicked,
and do not walk in the way of the evil.
15 Avoid it; do not go on it;
turn away from it and pass on.
16 For they (B)cannot sleep unless they have done wrong;
they are robbed of sleep unless they have made someone stumble.
17 For they eat the bread of wickedness
(C)and drink the wine of violence.
18 But (D)the path of the righteous is like (E)the light of dawn,
which shines (F)brighter and brighter until (G)full day.
19 (H)The way of the wicked is like deep (I)darkness;
they do not know over what they (J)stumble.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday January 22, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 44-45

Joseph Tests His Brothers

44 Then he commanded (A)the steward of his house, (B)“Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each man's money in the mouth of his sack, and put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest, with his money for the grain.” And he did as Joseph told him.

As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away with their donkeys. They had gone only a short distance from the city. Now Joseph said to his (C)steward, “Up, follow after the men, and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid evil for good?[a] Is it not from this that my lord drinks, and (D)by this that he practices divination? You have done evil in doing this.’”

When he overtook them, he spoke to them these words. They said to him, “Why does my lord speak such words as these? Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! Behold, (E)the money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. How then could we steal silver or gold from your lord's house? (F)Whichever of your servants is found with it shall die, and we also will be (G)my lord's servants.” 10 He said, “Let it be as you say: he who is found with it shall be my servant, and the rest of you shall be innocent.” 11 Then each man quickly lowered his sack to the ground, and each man opened his sack. 12 And he searched, beginning with the eldest and ending with the youngest. And the cup was found in Benjamin's sack. 13 Then they (H)tore their clothes, and every man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.

14 When Judah and his brothers came to Joseph's house, he was still there. They (I)fell before him to the ground. 15 Joseph said to them, “What deed is this that you have done? Do you not know that a man like me (J)can indeed practice divination?” 16 And Judah said, “What shall we say to my lord? What shall we speak? Or how can we clear ourselves? God has found out (K)the guilt of your servants; behold, we are (L)my lord's servants, both we and he also in whose hand the cup has been found.” 17 But he said, “Far be it from me that I should do so! Only the man in whose hand the cup was found shall be my servant. But as for you, go up in peace to your father.”

18 Then Judah went up to him and said, (M)“Oh, my lord, please let your servant speak a word in my lord's ears, and (N)let not your anger burn against your servant, for (O)you are like Pharaoh himself. 19 My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father, or a brother?’ 20 And we said to my lord, ‘We have a father, an old man, (P)and a young brother, (Q)the child of his old age. His brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother's children, and his father loves him.’ 21 Then you said to your servants, (R)‘Bring him down to me, that I may set my eyes on him.’ 22 We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father, for if he should leave his father, (S)his father would die.’ 23 Then you said to your servants, (T)‘Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you shall not see my face again.’

24 “When we went back to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. 25 And when (U)our father said, ‘Go again, buy us a little food,’ 26 we said, ‘We cannot go down. If our youngest brother goes with us, then we will go down. For we cannot see the man's face unless our youngest brother is with us.’ 27 Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore me (V)two sons. 28 One left me, and I said, (W)“Surely he has been torn to pieces,” and I have never seen him since. 29 If you (X)take this one also from me, (Y)and harm happens to him, you will bring down my gray hairs in evil to Sheol.’

30 “Now therefore, as soon as I come to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us, then, as his life is bound up in the boy's life, 31 as soon as he sees that the boy is not with us, he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hairs of your servant our father with sorrow to Sheol. 32 For your servant became a pledge of safety for the boy to my father, saying, (Z)‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I shall bear the blame before my father all my life.’ 33 Now therefore, please let your servant remain instead of the boy as a servant to my lord, and let the boy go back with his brothers. 34 For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I fear to see the evil that would find my father.”

Joseph Provides for His Brothers and Family

45 Then Joseph could not (AA)control himself before all those who stood by him. He cried, “Make everyone go out from me.” So no one stayed with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers. And he wept aloud, so that the Egyptians heard it, and the household of Pharaoh heard it. And Joseph said to his brothers, (AB)“I am Joseph! Is my father still alive?” But his brothers could not answer him, for they were dismayed at his presence.

So Joseph said to his brothers, “Come near to me, please.” And they came near. And he said, “I am your brother, Joseph, (AC)whom you sold into Egypt. And now do not be distressed or angry with yourselves because you sold me here, (AD)for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years, and there are (AE)yet five years in which there will be neither (AF)plowing nor harvest. And God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God. He has made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house and (AG)ruler over all the land of Egypt. Hurry and go up to my father and say to him, ‘Thus says your son Joseph, God has made me lord of all Egypt. Come down to me; do not tarry. 10 (AH)You shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near me, you and your children and your children's children, and your flocks, your herds, and all that you have. 11 (AI)There I will provide for you, for there are yet five years of famine to come, so that you and your household, and all that you have, do not come to poverty.’ 12 And now your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin see, that it is (AJ)my mouth that speaks to you. 13 You must tell my father of all my honor in Egypt, and of all that you have seen. Hurry and (AK)bring my father down here.” 14 Then he fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck and wept, and Benjamin wept upon his neck. 15 And he kissed all his brothers and wept upon them. After that his brothers talked with him.

16 When the report was heard in Pharaoh's house, “Joseph's brothers have come,” it pleased Pharaoh and his servants. 17 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: load your beasts and go back to the land of Canaan, 18 and take your father and your households, and come to me, and (AL)I will give you the best of the land of Egypt, and you shall eat the fat of the land.’ 19 And you, Joseph, are commanded to say, ‘Do this: take (AM)wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. 20 Have no concern for[b] your goods, for the best of all the land of Egypt is yours.’”

21 The sons of Israel did so: and Joseph gave them (AN)wagons, according to the command of Pharaoh, and gave them provisions for the journey. 22 To each and all of them he gave (AO)a change of clothes, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred shekels[c] of silver and (AP)five changes of clothes. 23 To his father he sent as follows: ten donkeys loaded with the good things of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, bread, and provision for his father on the journey. 24 Then he sent his brothers away, and as they departed, he said to them, (AQ)“Do not quarrel on the way.”

25 So they went up out of Egypt and came to the land of Canaan to their father Jacob. 26 And they told him, “Joseph is still alive, and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt.” And his heart became numb, for he did not believe them. 27 But when they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said to them, and when he saw (AR)the wagons that Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of their father Jacob revived. 28 And Israel said, “It is enough; Joseph my son is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”


  1. Genesis 44:4 Septuagint (compare Vulgate) adds Why have you stolen my silver cup?
  2. Genesis 45:20 Hebrew Let your eye not pity
  3. Genesis 45:22 A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Matthew 14:13-36

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand

13 Now when Jesus heard this, (A)he withdrew from there in a boat to a desolate place by himself. But when the crowds heard it, they followed him on foot from the towns. 14 When he went ashore he (B)saw a great crowd, and (C)he had compassion on them and healed their sick. 15 Now when it was evening, the disciples came to him and said, “This is a desolate place, and the day is now over; (D)send the crowds away to go into the villages and buy food for themselves.” 16 But Jesus said, “They need not go away; (E)you give them something to eat.” 17 They said to him, “We have only five loaves here and two fish.” 18 And he said, “Bring them here to me.” 19 Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass, and taking the five loaves and the two fish, (F)he looked up to heaven and (G)said a blessing. Then he broke the loaves and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 20 And they all ate and were satisfied. And they took up twelve baskets full of the broken pieces left over. 21 And those who ate were about five thousand men, besides women and children.

Jesus Walks on the Water

22 (H)Immediately he (I)made the disciples get into the boat and go before him to the other side, while he dismissed the crowds. 23 And after he had dismissed the crowds, (J)he went up on the mountain by himself to pray. When (K)evening came, he was there alone, 24 but the boat by this time was a long way[a] from the land,[b] beaten by the waves, for the wind was against them. 25 And (L)in the fourth watch of the night[c] he came to them, walking on the sea. 26 But when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, (M)they were terrified, and said, “It is a ghost!” and they cried out in fear. 27 But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying, (N)“Take heart; it is I. (O)Do not be afraid.”

28 And Peter answered him, “Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the water.” 29 He said, “Come.” So Peter got out of the boat and (P)walked on the water and came to Jesus. 30 But when he saw the wind,[d] he was afraid, and beginning to sink he cried out, (Q)“Lord, save me.” 31 Jesus immediately reached out his hand and took hold of him, saying to him, (R)“O you of little faith, why did you (S)doubt?” 32 And when they got into the boat, (T)the wind ceased. 33 And (U)those in the boat (V)worshiped him, saying, (W)“Truly you are (X)the Son of God.”

Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret

34 (Y)And when they had crossed over, they came to land at (Z)Gennesaret. 35 And when the men of that place recognized him, they sent around to all that region and (AA)brought to him all who were sick 36 and implored him that they might only touch (AB)the fringe of his garment. And (AC)as many as touched it were made well.


  1. Matthew 14:24 Greek many stadia, a stadion was about 607 feet or 185 meters
  2. Matthew 14:24 Some manuscripts was out on the sea
  3. Matthew 14:25 That is, between 3 a.m. and 6 a.m.
  4. Matthew 14:30 Some manuscripts strong wind
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 18:37-50

37 I pursued my enemies and overtook them,
and did not turn back till they were consumed.
38 I thrust them through, so that they were not able to rise;
they fell under my feet.
39 For you equipped me with strength for the battle;
you made those who rise against me sink under me.
40 You made my enemies (A)turn their backs to me,[a]
and those who hated me I destroyed.
41 (B)They cried for help, but there was none to save;
they cried to the Lord, but he did not answer them.
42 I beat them fine as (C)dust before the wind;
I cast them out like (D)the mire of the streets.

43 You delivered me from (E)strife with the people;
you made me (F)the head of the nations;
(G)people whom I had not known served me.
44 As soon as they heard of me they obeyed me;
(H)foreigners (I)came cringing to me.
45 (J)Foreigners lost heart
and (K)came trembling out of their fortresses.

46 The Lord lives, and blessed be my rock,
and exalted be the God of my salvation—
47 the God who gave me vengeance
and (L)subdued peoples under me,
48 who rescued me from my enemies;
yes, you (M)exalted me above those who rose against me;
you delivered me from (N)the man of violence.

49 (O)For this I will praise you, O Lord, among the nations,
and (P)sing to your name.
50 Great (Q)salvation he brings to his king,
and shows steadfast love to his (R)anointed,
to (S)David and his offspring forever.


  1. Psalm 18:40 Or You gave me my enemies' necks
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 4:11-13

11 I have (A)taught you the way of wisdom;
I have led you in the paths of uprightness.
12 When you walk, (B)your step will not be hampered,
and (C)if you run, you will not stumble.
13 (D)Keep hold of instruction; do not let go;
guard her, for she is your (E)life.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday January 21, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 42:18-43:34

18 On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do this and you will live, (A)for I fear God: 19 if you are honest men, let one of your brothers remain confined where you are in custody, and let the rest go and carry (B)grain for the famine of your households, 20 and (C)bring your youngest brother to me. So your words will be verified, and you shall not die.” And they did so. 21 Then they said to one another, (D)“In truth we are guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he begged us and we did not listen. That is why this distress has come upon us.” 22 And Reuben answered them, (E)“Did I not tell you not to sin against the boy? But you did not listen. So now (F)there comes a reckoning for his blood.” 23 They did not know that Joseph understood them, for there was an interpreter between them. 24 Then he turned away from them and (G)wept. And he returned to them and spoke to them. And he took Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes. 25 (H)And Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain, and to replace every man's money in his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. This was done for them.

26 Then they loaded their donkeys with their grain and departed. 27 And as (I)one of them opened his sack to give his donkey fodder at (J)the lodging place, he saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 28 He said to his brothers, “My money has been put back; here it is in the mouth of my sack!” At this their hearts failed them, and they turned trembling to one another, saying, “What is this that God has done to us?”

29 When they came to Jacob their father in the land of Canaan, they told him all that had happened to them, saying, 30 “The man, the lord of the land, (K)spoke roughly to us and took us to be spies of the land. 31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we have never been spies. 32 We are twelve brothers, sons of our father. One (L)is no more, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.’ 33 Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, (M)‘By this I shall know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me, and take (N)grain for the famine of your households, and go your way. 34 Bring your youngest brother to me. Then I shall know that you are not spies but honest men, and I will deliver your brother to you, and you shall (O)trade in the land.’”

35 (P)As they emptied their sacks, behold, every man's bundle of money was in his sack. And when they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were afraid. 36 And Jacob their father said to them, “You have (Q)bereaved me of my children: Joseph is no more, and Simeon is no more, and now you would take Benjamin. All this has come against me.” 37 Then Reuben said to his father, “Kill (R)my two sons if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my hands, and I will bring him back to you.” 38 But he said, “My son shall not go down with you, for (S)his brother is dead, and he is the only one left. (T)If harm should happen to him on the journey that you are to make, (U)you would bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to Sheol.”

Joseph's Brothers Return to Egypt

43 Now the famine was (V)severe in the land. And when they had eaten the grain that they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Go again, buy us a little food.” But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned us, saying, ‘You shall not see my face unless your (W)brother is with you.’ If you will send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food. But if you will not send him, we will not go down, for the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.’” Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly as to tell the man that you had another brother?” They replied, “The man questioned us carefully about ourselves and our kindred, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ What we told him was in answer to these questions. Could we in any way know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?” And Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the boy with me, and we will arise and go, that we may (X)live and not die, both we and you and also our little ones. I will be a pledge of his safety. From my hand you shall require him. (Y)If I do not bring him back to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever. 10 If we had not delayed, we would now have returned twice.”

11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: take some of the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry a present down to the man, a little (Z)balm and a little honey, gum, myrrh, pistachio nuts, and almonds. 12 Take double the money with you. Carry back with you the money (AA)that was returned in the mouth of your sacks. Perhaps it was an oversight. 13 Take also your brother, and arise, go again to the man. 14 May (AB)God Almighty[a] (AC)grant you mercy before the man, and may he send back your other brother and Benjamin. And as for me, (AD)if I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.”

15 So the men took this present, and they took double the money with them, and Benjamin. They arose and went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph.

16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the (AE)steward of his house, “Bring the men into the house, and slaughter an animal and make ready, for the men are to dine with me at noon.” 17 The man did as Joseph told him and brought the men to Joseph's house. 18 And the men were afraid because they were brought to Joseph's house, and they said, “It is because of the money, which was replaced in our sacks the first time, that we are brought in, so that he may assault us and fall upon us to make us servants and seize our donkeys.” 19 So they went up to the steward of Joseph's house and spoke with him at the door of the house, 20 and said, (AF)“Oh, my lord, (AG)we came down the first time to buy food. 21 And (AH)when we came to the lodging place we opened our sacks, and there was each man's money in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight. So we have brought it again with us, 22 and we have brought other money down with us to buy food. We do not know who put our money in our sacks.” 23 He replied, “Peace to you, do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has put treasure in your sacks for you. I received your money.” Then he brought Simeon out to them. 24 And when the man had brought the men into Joseph's house and (AI)given them water, and they had washed their feet, and when he had given their donkeys fodder, 25 they prepared (AJ)the present for Joseph's coming at noon, for they heard that they should eat bread there.

26 When Joseph came home, they brought into the house to him the present that they had with them and (AK)bowed down to him to the ground. 27 And he inquired about their welfare and said, “Is your father well, the old man (AL)of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?” 28 They said, “Your servant our father is well; he is still alive.” And they (AM)bowed their heads and prostrated themselves. 29 And he lifted up his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, (AN)his mother's son, and said, “Is this your youngest brother, (AO)of whom you spoke to me? God be gracious to you, my son!” 30 Then Joseph hurried out, for (AP)his compassion grew warm for his brother, and he sought a place to weep. And he entered his chamber and (AQ)wept there. 31 Then he washed his face and came out. And (AR)controlling himself he said, “Serve the food.” 32 They served him by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat with the Hebrews, for that is (AS)an abomination to the Egyptians. 33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth. And the men looked at one another in amazement. 34 (AT)Portions were taken to them from Joseph's table, but Benjamin's portion was (AU)five times as much as any of theirs. And they drank and were merry[b] with him.


  1. Genesis 43:14 Hebrew El Shaddai
  2. Genesis 43:34 Hebrew and became intoxicated

Cross references:

  1. Genesis 42:18 : Lev. 25:43; Neh. 5:15
  2. Genesis 42:19 : ver. 33
  3. Genesis 42:20 : ver. 34; ch. 43:5; 44:23
  4. Genesis 42:21 : [Job 36:8, 9]; See ch. 37:23-28
  5. Genesis 42:22 : ch. 37:21
  6. Genesis 42:22 : ch. 9:5; 2 Chr. 24:22; [1 Kgs. 2:32; Ps. 9:12; Luke 11:50, 51]
  7. Genesis 42:24 : ch. 43:30
  8. Genesis 42:25 : ch. 44:1
  9. Genesis 42:27 : ver. 35; ch. 43:21
  10. Genesis 42:27 : Ex. 4:24; Jer. 9:2
  11. Genesis 42:30 : ver. 7, 9
  12. Genesis 42:32 : ver. 13
  13. Genesis 42:33 : ver. 15, 19, 20
  14. Genesis 42:33 : ver. 19
  15. Genesis 42:34 : ch. 34:10, 21
  16. Genesis 42:35 : ver. 27; ch. 43:21
  17. Genesis 42:36 : ch. 43:14
  18. Genesis 42:37 : [ch. 46:9]
  19. Genesis 42:38 : ver. 13, 32, 36; ch. 37:33; 44:28
  20. Genesis 42:38 : ver. 4; ch. 44:29
  21. Genesis 42:38 : ch. 37:35; 44:31
  22. Genesis 43:1 : ch. 41:54, 57
  23. Genesis 43:3 : ch. 42:20; 44:23
  24. Genesis 43:8 : ch. 42:2
  25. Genesis 43:9 : ch. 42:37; 44:32
  26. Genesis 43:11 : See ch. 37:25
  27. Genesis 43:12 : ch. 42:25, 27, 35
  28. Genesis 43:14 : See ch. 17:1
  29. Genesis 43:14 : [Neh. 1:11]
  30. Genesis 43:14 : ch. 42:36
  31. Genesis 43:16 : ver. 19; ch. 44:1, 4; [ch. 24:2; 39:4]
  32. Genesis 43:20 : ch. 44:18
  33. Genesis 43:20 : ch. 42:3, 10
  34. Genesis 43:21 : ch. 42:27
  35. Genesis 43:24 : See ch. 18:4
  36. Genesis 43:25 : ver. 11
  37. Genesis 43:26 : ch. 42:6; See ch. 37:5-11
  38. Genesis 43:27 : ch. 42:11, 13
  39. Genesis 43:28 : ver. 26
  40. Genesis 43:29 : ch. 35:18
  41. Genesis 43:29 : [See ver. 27 above]; ch. 42:11, 13
  42. Genesis 43:30 : 1 Kgs. 3:26; [Jer. 31:20]
  43. Genesis 43:30 : ch. 42:24
  44. Genesis 43:31 : ch. 45:1
  45. Genesis 43:32 : ch. 46:34; Ex. 8:26
  46. Genesis 43:34 : [2 Sam. 11:8]
  47. Genesis 43:34 : [ch. 45:22]
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Matthew 13:47-14:12

The Parable of the Net

47 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is (A)like a net that was thrown into the sea and (B)gathered fish of every kind. 48 When it was full, (C)men drew it ashore and sat down and sorted the good into containers but threw away the bad. 49 So it will be at (D)the end of the age. The angels will come out and (E)separate the evil from the righteous 50 (F)and throw them into the fiery furnace. In that place (G)there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

New and Old Treasures

51 (H)“Have you understood all these things?” They said to him, “Yes.” 52 And he said to them, “Therefore every (I)scribe (J)who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house, who (K)brings out of his treasure what is new and what is old.”

Jesus Rejected at Nazareth

53 And when Jesus had finished these parables, he went away from there, 54 (L)and coming to (M)his hometown (N)he taught them in their synagogue, so that (O)they were astonished, and said, “Where did this man get this wisdom and these mighty works? 55 (P)Is not this (Q)the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not (R)his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? 56 And are not all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all these things?” 57 And (S)they took offense at him. But Jesus said to them, (T)“A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown and in his own household.” 58 And he did not do many mighty works there, (U)because of their unbelief.

The Death of John the Baptist

14 (V)At that time (W)Herod the tetrarch heard about the fame of Jesus, and he said to his servants, (X)“This is John the Baptist. He has been raised from the dead; that is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.” For (Y)Herod had seized John and bound him and (Z)put him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife,[a] because John had been saying to him, (AA)“It is not lawful for you to have her.” And though he wanted to put him to death, (AB)he feared the people, because they held him to be (AC)a prophet. But when Herod's (AD)birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before the company and pleased Herod, so that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she might ask. Prompted by her mother, she said, “Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter.” And the king was sorry, but because of his oaths and his guests he commanded it to be given. 10 He sent and had John beheaded in the prison, 11 and his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. 12 And (AE)his disciples came and took the body and buried it, and they went and told Jesus.


  1. Matthew 14:3 Some manuscripts his brother's wife
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 18:16-36

16 He (A)sent from on high, he took me;
he (B)drew me out of (C)many waters.
17 He rescued me from my strong enemy
and from those who hated me,
for they were (D)too mighty for me.
18 They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
but the Lord was my support.
19 He brought me out into (E)a broad place;
he rescued me, because he (F)delighted in me.

20 The Lord dealt with me (G)according to my righteousness;
according to (H)the cleanness of my hands he rewarded me.
21 For I have (I)kept the ways of the Lord,
and have not wickedly departed from my God.
22 For (J)all his rules[a] were before me,
and his statutes I did not put away from me.
23 I was (K)blameless before him,
and I kept myself from my guilt.
24 So the Lord has rewarded me according to my righteousness,
according to the cleanness of my hands in his sight.

25 With (L)the merciful you show yourself merciful;
with the blameless man you show yourself blameless;
26 with the purified you show yourself pure;
and with (M)the crooked you make yourself seem tortuous.
27 For you save (N)a humble people,
but (O)the haughty eyes you bring down.
28 For it is you who light my (P)lamp;
the Lord my God lightens my darkness.
29 For by you I can run against a troop,
and by my God I can (Q)leap over (R)a wall.
30 This God—his way is (S)perfect;[b]
the word of the Lord (T)proves true;
he is (U)a shield for all those who (V)take refuge in him.

31 For (W)who is God, but the Lord?
And who is (X)a rock, except our God?—
32 the God who (Y)equipped me with strength
and made my way (Z)blameless.
33 He made my feet like the feet of a (AA)deer
and set me secure on (AB)the heights.
34 He (AC)trains my hands for war,
so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
35 You have given me the shield of your salvation,
and your right hand (AD)supported me,
and your (AE)gentleness made me great.
36 You (AF)gave a wide place for my steps under me,
and my feet did not slip.


  1. Psalm 18:22 Or just decrees
  2. Psalm 18:30 Or blameless
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 4:7-10

(A)The beginning of wisdom is this: Get wisdom,
and whatever you get, get (B)insight.
Prize her highly, and she will exalt you;
she will (C)honor you (D)if you embrace her.
She will place on your head (E)a graceful garland;
she will bestow on you a beautiful crown.”

10 (F)Hear, (G)my son, and accept my words,
that (H)the years of your life may be many.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday January 20, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 41:17-42

17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Behold, (A)in my dream I was standing on the banks of the Nile. 18 Seven cows, plump and attractive, came up out of the Nile and fed in the reed grass. 19 Seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ugly and thin, such as I had never seen in all the land of Egypt. 20 And the thin, ugly cows ate up the first seven plump cows, 21 but when they had eaten them no one would have known that they had eaten them, for they were still as ugly as at the beginning. Then I awoke. 22 I also saw in my dream seven ears growing on one stalk, full and good. 23 Seven ears, withered, thin, and blighted by the east wind, sprouted after them, 24 and the thin ears swallowed up the seven good ears. And (B)I told it to the magicians, but there was no one who could explain it to me.”

25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dreams of Pharaoh are one; (C)God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 26 The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good ears are seven years; the dreams are one. 27 The seven lean and ugly cows that came up after them are seven years, and the seven empty ears blighted by the east wind are also (D)seven years of famine. 28 It is as I told Pharaoh; (E)God has shown to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 29 There will come (F)seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt, 30 but after them there will arise (G)seven years of famine, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. (H)The famine will consume the land, 31 and the plenty will be unknown in the land by reason of the famine that will follow, for it will be very severe. 32 And the doubling of Pharaoh's dream means that the (I)thing is fixed by God, and God will shortly bring it about. 33 Now therefore let Pharaoh select a discerning and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt. 34 Let Pharaoh proceed to appoint overseers over the land and take one-fifth of the produce of the land[a] of Egypt during the seven plentiful years. 35 And (J)let them gather all the food of these good years that are coming and store up grain under the authority of Pharaoh for food in the cities, and let them keep it. 36 That food shall be a reserve for the land against the seven years of famine that are to occur in the land of Egypt, so that the land may not perish through the famine.”

Joseph Rises to Power

37 This proposal pleased Pharaoh and all his servants. 38 And Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find a man like this, (K)in whom is the Spirit of God?”[b] 39 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has shown you all this, there is none so discerning and wise as you are. 40 (L)You shall be over my house, and all my people shall order themselves as you command.[c] Only as regards the throne will I be greater than you.” 41 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, (M)I have set you over all the land of Egypt.” 42 Then Pharaoh (N)took his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph's hand, and (O)clothed him in garments of fine linen (P)and put a gold chain about his neck. 43 And he made him ride in his second chariot. (Q)And they called out before him, “Bow the knee!”[d] Thus he set him (R)over all the land of Egypt. 44 Moreover, Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and (S)without your consent no one shall lift up hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” 45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphenath-paneah. And he gave him in marriage Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On. So Joseph went out over the land of Egypt.

46 Joseph was thirty years old when he (T)entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt. 47 During the seven plentiful years the earth produced abundantly, 48 and he gathered up all the food of these seven years, which occurred in the land of Egypt, and put the food in the cities. He put in every city the food from the fields around it. 49 And Joseph stored up grain in great abundance, (U)like the sand of the sea, until he ceased to measure it, for it could not be measured.

50 Before the year of famine came, (V)two sons were born to Joseph. Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On, bore them to him. 51 Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh. “For,” he said, “God has made me forget all my hardship and all my father's house.”[e] 52 The name of the second he called Ephraim, “For God has (W)made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.”[f]

53 The seven years of plenty that occurred in the land of Egypt came to an end, 54 and (X)the seven years of famine began to come, (Y)as Joseph had said. There was famine in all lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 55 When all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread. Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph. What he says to you, do.”

56 So when the famine had spread over all the land, Joseph opened all the storehouses[g] and (Z)sold to the Egyptians, for the famine was severe in the land of Egypt. 57 Moreover, all the earth came to Egypt to Joseph to buy grain, because the famine was severe (AA)over all the earth.

Joseph's Brothers Go to Egypt

42 When (AB)Jacob learned that there was grain for sale in Egypt, he said to his sons, “Why do you look at one another?” And he said, “Behold, I have heard that there is grain for sale in Egypt. Go down and buy grain for us there, that we may (AC)live and not die.” So ten of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt. But Jacob did not send Benjamin, (AD)Joseph's brother, with his brothers, for (AE)he feared that harm might happen to him. Thus the sons of Israel came to buy among the others who came, for the famine was in the land of Canaan.

Now Joseph was governor (AF)over the land. He was the one who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph's brothers came and (AG)bowed themselves before him with their faces to the ground. Joseph saw his brothers and recognized them, but he treated them like strangers and (AH)spoke roughly to them. “Where do you come from?” he said. They said, “From the land of Canaan, to buy food.” And Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. And Joseph (AI)remembered the dreams that he had dreamed of them. (AJ)And he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see the nakedness of the land.” 10 They said to him, “No, my lord, your servants have come to buy food. 11 We are all sons of one man. We are honest men. Your servants have never been spies.”

12 He said to them, “No, it is the nakedness of the land that you have come to see.” 13 And they said, “We, your servants, are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan, and behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one (AK)is no more.” 14 But Joseph said to them, “It is as I said to you. You are spies. 15 By this you shall be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 16 Send one of you, and let him bring your brother, while you remain confined, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you. Or else, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies.” 17 And he put them all together in custody for three days.


  1. Genesis 41:34 Or over the land and organize the land
  2. Genesis 41:38 Or of the gods
  3. Genesis 41:40 Hebrew and according to your command all my people shall kiss the ground
  4. Genesis 41:43 Abrek, probably an Egyptian word, similar in sound to the Hebrew word meaning to kneel
  5. Genesis 41:51 Manasseh sounds like the Hebrew for making to forget
  6. Genesis 41:52 Ephraim sounds like the Hebrew for making fruitful
  7. Genesis 41:56 Hebrew all that was in them
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Matthew 13:24-46

The Parable of the Weeds

24 He put another parable before them, saying, (A)“The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field, 25 but while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds[a] among the wheat and went away. 26 So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also. 27 And the servants[b] of the master of the house came and said to him, ‘Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have weeds?’ 28 He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ So the servants said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them?’ 29 But he said, (B)‘No, lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, (C)“Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.”’”

The Mustard Seed and the Leaven

31 He put another parable before them, saying, (D)“The kingdom of heaven is like (E)a grain of mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field. 32 It is the smallest of all seeds, but when it has grown it is larger than all the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.”

33 He told them another parable. (F)“The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in (G)three measures of flour, till it was (H)all leavened.”

Prophecy and Parables

34 (I)All these things Jesus said to the crowds in parables; indeed, he said nothing to them without a parable. 35 This was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet:[c]

(J)“I will open my mouth in parables;
(K)I will utter what has been hidden (L)since the foundation of the world.”

The Parable of the Weeds Explained

36 Then he left the crowds and went into (M)the house. And his disciples came to him, saying, (N)“Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field.” 37 He answered, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. 38 The field is the world, and the good seed is (O)the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are (P)the sons of the evil one, 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil. (Q)The harvest is (R)the end of the age, and the reapers are angels. 40 Just as the weeds (S)are gathered and burned with fire, so will it be at (T)the end of the age. 41 (U)The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all (V)causes of sin and (W)all law-breakers, 42 (X)and throw them into the fiery furnace. In that place (Y)there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then (Z)the righteous will shine like the sun (AA)in the kingdom of their Father. (AB)He who has ears, let him hear.

The Parable of the Hidden Treasure

44 “The kingdom of heaven (AC)is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and covered up. Then in his joy (AD)he goes and sells all that he has and (AE)buys that field.

The Parable of the Pearl of Great Value

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls, 46 who, on finding (AF)one pearl of great value, (AG)went and sold all that he had and (AH)bought it.


  1. Matthew 13:25 Probably darnel, a wheat-like weed
  2. Matthew 13:27 Or bondservants; also verse 28
  3. Matthew 13:35 Some manuscripts Isaiah the prophet

Cross references:

  1. Matthew 13:24 : ver. 37-42; [Mark 4:26-29]
  2. Matthew 13:29 : [1 Cor. 4:5]
  3. Matthew 13:30 : ch. 3:12
  4. Matthew 13:31 : For ver. 31, 32, see Mark 4:30-32; Luke 13:18, 19
  5. Matthew 13:31 : ch. 17:20; Luke 17:6
  6. Matthew 13:33 : Luke 13:20, 21
  7. Matthew 13:33 : Gen. 18:6
  8. Matthew 13:33 : 1 Cor. 5:6; Gal. 5:9
  9. Matthew 13:34 : ver. 3; Mark 4:33, 34; [John 16:25, 29]
  10. Matthew 13:35 : Cited from Ps. 78:2
  11. Matthew 13:35 : [ver. 11; Rom. 16:25, 26; 1 Cor. 2:7]
  12. Matthew 13:35 : ch. 25:34; Luke 11:50; [John 17:24; Eph. 1:4; 1 Pet. 1:20]
  13. Matthew 13:36 : ver. 1
  14. Matthew 13:36 : ver. 24-30; [ch. 15:15]
  15. Matthew 13:38 : [ver. 43]
  16. Matthew 13:38 : John 8:44; Acts 13:10; 1 John 3:10; [ch. 23:15]; See ver. 19
  17. Matthew 13:39 : Joel 3:13; Rev. 14:15
  18. Matthew 13:39 : ver. 49; ch. 24:3; 28:20; [Dan. 12:13; Heb. 9:26]
  19. Matthew 13:40 : John 15:6; [ch. 3:12]
  20. Matthew 13:40 : [See ver. 39 above]; ver. 49; ch. 24:3; 28:20; [Dan. 12:13; Heb. 9:26]
  21. Matthew 13:41 : ch. 24:31
  22. Matthew 13:41 : ch. 18:7; [Zeph. 1:3]
  23. Matthew 13:41 : ch. 7:23
  24. Matthew 13:42 : ver. 50; Rev. 9:2; [Rev. 19:20; 20:10]
  25. Matthew 13:42 : See ch. 8:12
  26. Matthew 13:43 : Prov. 4:18; Dan. 12:3; [1 Cor. 15:41, 42]
  27. Matthew 13:43 : [ver. 38; ch. 25:34; 26:29; Luke 12:32]
  28. Matthew 13:43 : See ch. 11:15
  29. Matthew 13:44 : Prov. 2:4
  30. Matthew 13:44 : [ch. 25:9; Prov. 23:23; Phil. 3:7, 8]
  31. Matthew 13:44 : [Isa. 55:1; Rev. 3:18]
  32. Matthew 13:46 : ch. 7:6
  33. Matthew 13:46 : [See ver. 44 above]; [ch. 25:9; Prov. 23:23; Phil. 3:7, 8]
  34. Matthew 13:46 : [See ver. 44 above]; [Isa. 55:1; Rev. 3:18]
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 18:1-15

The Lord Is My Rock and My Fortress

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David, (A)the servant of the Lord, (B)who addressed the words of this (C)song to the Lord on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. He said:

18 I love you, O Lord, my strength.
The Lord is my (D)rock and my (E)fortress and my deliverer,
my God, my (F)rock, in (G)whom I take refuge,
my (H)shield, and (I)the horn of my salvation, my (J)stronghold.
I call upon the Lord, who is (K)worthy to be praised,
and I am saved from my enemies.

(L)The cords of death encompassed me;
(M)the torrents of destruction assailed me;[a]
(N)the cords of Sheol entangled me;
the snares of death confronted me.

(O)In my distress I called upon the Lord;
to my God I cried for help.
From his (P)temple he heard my voice,
and my cry to him reached his ears.

Then the earth (Q)reeled and rocked;
the foundations also of the mountains trembled
and quaked, because he was angry.
Smoke went up from his nostrils,[b]
and devouring (R)fire from his mouth;
glowing coals flamed forth from him.
He (S)bowed the heavens and (T)came down;
(U)thick darkness was under his feet.
10 He rode on a cherub and flew;
he came swiftly on (V)the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness his covering, his (W)canopy around him,
thick clouds (X)dark with water.
12 Out of the brightness before him
(Y)hailstones and coals of fire broke through his clouds.

13 The Lord also (Z)thundered in the heavens,
and the Most High uttered his (AA)voice,
hailstones and coals of fire.
14 And he sent out his (AB)arrows and scattered them;
he flashed forth lightnings and (AC)routed them.
15 Then (AD)the channels of the sea were seen,
and the foundations of the world were laid bare
at your (AE)rebuke, O Lord,
at the blast of (AF)the breath of your nostrils.


  1. Psalm 18:4 Or terrified me
  2. Psalm 18:8 Or in his wrath
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 4:1-6

A Father's Wise Instruction

(A)Hear, O sons, a father's instruction,
and be attentive, that you may (B)gain[a] insight,
for I give you good (C)precepts;
do not forsake my teaching.
When I was a son with my father,
(D)tender, (E)the only one in the sight of my mother,
he (F)taught me and said to me,
(G)“Let your heart hold fast my words;
(H)keep my commandments, and live.
(I)Get wisdom; get (J)insight;
do not forget, and do not turn away from the words of my mouth.
Do not forsake her, and she will keep you;
(K)love her, and she will guard you.


  1. Proverbs 4:1 Hebrew know
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday January 19, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 39:1-41:16

Joseph and Potiphar's Wife

39 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt, and (A)Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, (B)had bought him from the (C)Ishmaelites who had brought him down there. (D)The Lord was with Joseph, and he became a successful man, and he was in the house of his Egyptian master. His master saw that the Lord was with him and that the Lord (E)caused all that he did to succeed in his hands. So Joseph (F)found favor in his sight and attended him, and he made him overseer of his house (G)and put him in charge of all that he had. From the time that he made him overseer in his house and over all that he had, the Lord blessed the Egyptian's house (H)for Joseph's sake; the blessing of the Lord was on all that he had, in house and field. So he left all that he had in Joseph's charge, and because of him he had no concern about anything but the food he ate.

Now Joseph was (I)handsome in form and appearance. And after a time his master's wife cast her eyes on Joseph and said, “Lie with me.” But he refused and said to his master's wife, “Behold, because of me my master has no concern about anything in the house, and (J)he has put everything that he has in my charge. He is not greater in this house than I am, nor has he kept back anything from me except you, because you are his wife. How then can I do this great wickedness and (K)sin against God?” 10 And as she spoke to Joseph day after day, he (L)would not listen to her, to lie beside her or to be with her.

11 But one day, when he went into the house to do his work and none of the men of the house was there in the house, 12 (M)she caught him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me.” But he left his garment in her hand and fled and got out of the house. 13 And as soon as she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled out of the house, 14 she called to the men of her household and said to them, “See, he has brought among us a Hebrew to laugh at us. He came in to me to lie with me, and I cried out with a loud voice. 15 And as soon as he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried out, he left his garment beside me and fled and got out of the house.” 16 Then she laid up his garment by her until his master came home, 17 and she told him the same story, saying, “The Hebrew servant, whom you have brought among us, came in to me to laugh at me. 18 But as soon as I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment beside me and fled out of the house.”

19 As soon as his master heard the words that his wife spoke to him, “This is the way your servant treated me,” his anger was kindled. 20 And Joseph's master took him and (N)put him into the (O)prison, the place where the king's prisoners were confined, and he was there in prison. 21 But (P)the Lord was with Joseph and showed him steadfast love (Q)and gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison. 22 And the keeper of the prison (R)put Joseph in charge of all the prisoners who were in the prison. Whatever was done there, he was the one who did it. 23 The keeper of the prison paid no attention to anything that was in Joseph's charge, because (S)the Lord was with him. And whatever he did, the Lord made it succeed.

Joseph Interprets Two Prisoners' Dreams

40 Some time after this, the (T)cupbearer of the king of Egypt and his baker committed an offense against their lord the king of Egypt. And Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker, (U)and he put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the prison where Joseph was confined. The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be with them, and he attended them. They continued for some time in custody.

And one night they both dreamed—the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison—each his own dream, and each dream with its own interpretation. When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were troubled. So he asked Pharaoh's officers who were with him in custody in his master's house, (V)“Why are your faces downcast today?” They said to him, (W)“We have had dreams, and there is no one to interpret them.” And Joseph said to them, (X)“Do not interpretations belong to God? Please tell them to me.”

So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph and said to him, “In my dream there was a vine before me, 10 and on the vine there were three branches. As soon as it budded, its blossoms shot forth, and the clusters ripened into grapes. 11 Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup and placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand.” 12 Then Joseph said to him, (Y)“This is its interpretation: (Z)the three branches are three days. 13 In three days Pharaoh will (AA)lift up your head and restore you to your office, and you shall place Pharaoh's cup in his hand as formerly, when you were his cupbearer. 14 Only remember me, when it is well with you, and please do me the kindness to mention me to Pharaoh, and so get me out of this house. 15 For (AB)I was indeed stolen out of the land of the Hebrews, and (AC)here also I have done nothing that they should put me into the pit.”

16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was favorable, he said to Joseph, “I also had a dream: there were three cake baskets on my head, 17 and in the uppermost basket there were all sorts of baked food for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating it out of the basket on my head.” 18 And Joseph answered and said, (AD)“This is its interpretation: the three baskets are three days. 19 (AE)In three days Pharaoh will lift up your head—from you!—and (AF)hang you on a tree. And the birds will eat the flesh from you.”

20 On the third day, which was Pharaoh's (AG)birthday, he made a feast for all his servants and (AH)lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants. 21 (AI)He restored the chief cupbearer to his position, and (AJ)he placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand. 22 But he (AK)hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them. 23 Yet the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.

Joseph Interprets Pharaoh's Dreams

41 After two whole years, Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing by the Nile, and behold, there came up out of the Nile seven cows, attractive and plump, and they fed in the reed grass. And behold, seven other cows, ugly and thin, came up out of the Nile after them, and stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile. And the ugly, thin cows ate up the seven attractive, plump cows. And Pharaoh awoke. And he fell asleep and dreamed a second time. And behold, seven ears of grain, plump and good, were growing on one stalk. And behold, after them sprouted seven ears, thin and (AL)blighted by the east wind. And the thin ears swallowed up the seven plump, full ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. So in the morning (AM)his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all the (AN)magicians of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was none who could interpret them to Pharaoh.

Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “I remember my offenses today. 10 When Pharaoh was (AO)angry with his servants (AP)and put me and the chief baker in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, 11 (AQ)we dreamed on the same night, he and I, each having a dream with its own interpretation. 12 A young Hebrew was there with us, a servant of the captain of the guard. When we told him, (AR)he interpreted our dreams to us, giving an interpretation to each man according to his dream. 13 And (AS)as he interpreted to us, so it came about. I was restored to my office, and the baker was hanged.”

14 (AT)Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they (AU)quickly brought him (AV)out of the pit. And when he had shaved himself and changed his clothes, he came in before Pharaoh. 15 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it. (AW)I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it.” 16 Joseph answered Pharaoh, (AX)“It is not in me; (AY)God will give Pharaoh a favorable answer.”[a]


  1. Genesis 41:16 Or (compare Samaritan, Septuagint) Without God it is not possible to give Pharaoh an answer about his welfare

Cross references:

  1. Genesis 39:1 : ch. 37:36
  2. Genesis 39:1 : ch. 37:28
  3. Genesis 39:1 : ch. 37:25
  4. Genesis 39:2 : ver. 21; Acts 7:9; [ch. 21:22; 26:24, 28; 28:15; 1 Sam. 16:18; 18:14, 28]
  5. Genesis 39:3 : 2 Chr. 26:5; Ps. 1:3
  6. Genesis 39:4 : ver. 21; ch. 19:19; 33:10
  7. Genesis 39:4 : ver. 8
  8. Genesis 39:5 : [ch. 30:27]
  9. Genesis 39:6 : [ch. 29:17; 1 Sam. 16:12]
  10. Genesis 39:8 : ver. 4
  11. Genesis 39:9 : 2 Sam. 12:13; Ps. 51:4
  12. Genesis 39:10 : [Prov. 1:10]
  13. Genesis 39:12 : [Prov. 7:13, 18]
  14. Genesis 39:20 : Ps. 105:18
  15. Genesis 39:20 : ch. 40:3, 5; [ch. 40:15; 41:14]
  16. Genesis 39:21 : ver. 2; Acts 7:9, 10
  17. Genesis 39:21 : Ex. 3:21; 11:3; 12:36
  18. Genesis 39:22 : ch. 40:4
  19. Genesis 39:23 : ver. 2, 3
  20. Genesis 40:1 : Neh. 1:11
  21. Genesis 40:3 : [ch. 39:20]
  22. Genesis 40:7 : [Neh. 2:2]
  23. Genesis 40:8 : ch. 41:15
  24. Genesis 40:8 : ch. 41:16; Dan. 2:28, 47
  25. Genesis 40:12 : ver. 18; ch. 41:12; [Dan. 2:36]
  26. Genesis 40:12 : [ch. 41:26, 27]
  27. Genesis 40:13 : 2 Kgs. 25:27; Jer. 52:31; [ver. 19, 20, 22; Ps. 3:3]
  28. Genesis 40:15 : ch. 37:28
  29. Genesis 40:15 : ch. 39:20
  30. Genesis 40:18 : See ver. 12
  31. Genesis 40:19 : ver. 13
  32. Genesis 40:19 : ver. 22
  33. Genesis 40:20 : Matt. 14:6; Mark 6:21
  34. Genesis 40:20 : ver. 13, 19
  35. Genesis 40:21 : ver. 13
  36. Genesis 40:21 : Neh. 2:1
  37. Genesis 40:22 : ver. 19
  38. Genesis 41:6 : [Ezek. 17:10; 19:12]; Hos. 13:15
  39. Genesis 41:8 : Ps. 77:4; Dan. 2:1, 3
  40. Genesis 41:8 : ver. 24; Ex. 7:11, 22; [Dan. 1:20; 2:2; 4:7; Matt. 2:1]
  41. Genesis 41:10 : ch. 40:2, 3
  42. Genesis 41:10 : [ch. 39:20]
  43. Genesis 41:11 : ch. 40:5
  44. Genesis 41:12 : See ch. 40:12-19
  45. Genesis 41:13 : ch. 40:21, 22
  46. Genesis 41:14 : Ps. 105:20
  47. Genesis 41:14 : [Dan. 2:25]
  48. Genesis 41:14 : [1 Sam. 2:8; Ps. 113:7, 8]
  49. Genesis 41:15 : ver. 12; Dan. 5:16
  50. Genesis 41:16 : Dan. 2:30
  51. Genesis 41:16 : ch. 40:8; Dan. 2:22, 28, 47
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Matthew 12:46-13:23

Jesus' Mother and Brothers

46 While he was still speaking to the people, behold, (A)his mother and his (B)brothers[a] stood outside, asking to speak to him.[b] 48 But he replied to the man who told him, “Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?” 49 And stretching out his hand toward his disciples, he said, “Here are my mother and my brothers! 50 For (C)whoever (D)does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother.”

The Parable of the Sower

13 That same day Jesus went out of the house (E)and sat beside the sea. And great crowds gathered about him, (F)so that he got into a boat and sat down. And the whole crowd stood on the beach. And (G)he told them many things in parables, saying: (H)“A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seeds fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured them. Other seeds fell on rocky ground, where they did not have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, since they had no depth of soil, but (I)when the sun rose they were scorched. And since they had no root, (J)they withered away. Other seeds fell among (K)thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. Other seeds fell on good soil and produced grain, some (L)a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. (M)He who has ears,[c] let him hear.”

The Purpose of the Parables

10 Then the disciples came and said to him, “Why do you speak to them in parables?” 11 And he answered them, (N)“To you it has been given to know (O)the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. 12 (P)For to the one who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance, but from the one who has not, (Q)even what he has will be taken away. 13 This is why I speak to them in parables, because (R)seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, (S)nor do they understand. 14 Indeed, in their case the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says:

(T)“‘“You will indeed hear but never understand,
and you will indeed see but never perceive.”
15 For this people's heart has grown dull,
and with their ears (U)they can barely hear,
and (V)their eyes they have closed,
lest they should see with their eyes
and hear with their ears
and (W)understand with their heart
and (X)turn, and I would heal them.’

16 But (Y)blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. 17 (Z)For truly, I say to you, (AA)many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.

The Parable of the Sower Explained

18 (AB)“Hear then the parable of the sower: 19 When anyone hears the word of (AC)the kingdom and (AD)does not understand it, (AE)the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is what was sown along the path. 20 As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the word and immediately (AF)receives it with joy, 21 yet he has no root in himself, but (AG)endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately (AH)he falls away.[d] 22 As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but (AI)the cares of (AJ)the world and (AK)the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it proves unfruitful. 23 As for what was sown on good soil, this is the one who hears the word and (AL)understands it. He indeed (AM)bears fruit and yields, in one case (AN)a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another thirty.”


  1. Matthew 12:46 Or brothers and sisters; also verses 48, 49
  2. Matthew 12:46 Some manuscripts insert verse 47: Someone told him, “Your mother and your brothers are standing outside, asking to speak to you”
  3. Matthew 13:9 Some manuscripts add here and in verse 43 to hear
  4. Matthew 13:21 Or stumbles

Cross references:

  1. Matthew 12:46 : For ver. 46-50, see Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21
  2. Matthew 12:46 : ch. 13:55; Mark 6:3; John 2:12; 7:3, 5, 10; Acts 1:14; 1 Cor. 9:5; Gal. 1:19
  3. Matthew 12:50 : [John 15:14; Heb. 2:11]
  4. Matthew 12:50 : ch. 7:21; [Luke 11:28]
  5. Matthew 13:1 : For ver. 1-15, see Mark 4:1-12; Luke 8:4-10
  6. Matthew 13:2 : [Mark 3:9; Luke 5:1-3]
  7. Matthew 13:3 : ver. 34
  8. Matthew 13:3 : [Isa. 55:10; Amos 9:13]
  9. Matthew 13:6 : James 1:11
  10. Matthew 13:6 : John 15:6
  11. Matthew 13:7 : Jer. 4:3
  12. Matthew 13:8 : ver. 23; Gen. 26:12
  13. Matthew 13:9 : See ch. 11:15
  14. Matthew 13:11 : ch. 19:11; Col. 1:27; [1 Cor. 2:6-10; 1 John 2:20, 27]; See ch. 11:25
  15. Matthew 13:11 : See Rom. 16:25
  16. Matthew 13:12 : ch. 25:29; Mark 4:25; Luke 8:18; 19:26; [John 15:2; James 4:6]
  17. Matthew 13:12 : [Rev. 2:5]
  18. Matthew 13:13 : Deut. 29:4; Jer. 5:21; Ezek. 12:2; Rom. 11:8; 2 Cor. 3:14; 4:4; [Isa. 42:19, 20]
  19. Matthew 13:13 : ver. 19, 51; ch. 15:10; 16:12; Mark 8:21
  20. Matthew 13:14 : John 12:40; Acts 28:26, 27; Cited from Isa. 6:9, 10
  21. Matthew 13:15 : [Heb. 5:11]
  22. Matthew 13:15 : [John 9:39, 41]
  23. Matthew 13:15 : [Rom. 10:10]
  24. Matthew 13:15 : See Luke 22:32
  25. Matthew 13:16 : Luke 10:23, 24; [ch. 16:17]
  26. Matthew 13:17 : [See ver. 16 above]; Luke 10:23, 24; [ch. 16:17]
  27. Matthew 13:17 : Heb. 11:13; 1 Pet. 1:10-12; [John 8:56]
  28. Matthew 13:18 : For ver. 18-23, see Mark 4:13-20; Luke 8:11-15
  29. Matthew 13:19 : ver. 38; ch. 4:23; 8:12
  30. Matthew 13:19 : See ver. 13
  31. Matthew 13:19 : John 17:15; Eph. 6:16; 2 Thess. 3:3; 1 John 2:13, 14; 3:12; 5:18, 19
  32. Matthew 13:20 : [Isa. 58:2; Ezek. 33:31, 32; Mark 6:20; John 5:35]
  33. Matthew 13:21 : Gal. 1:6; [Hos. 6:4; Gal. 5:7]
  34. Matthew 13:21 : See ch. 11:6
  35. Matthew 13:22 : See ch. 6:25
  36. Matthew 13:22 : 2 Tim. 4:10
  37. Matthew 13:22 : 1 Tim. 6:9, 10, 17; [ch. 19:23; Mark 10:23; Acts 5:1-11; Heb. 3:13]
  38. Matthew 13:23 : [See ver. 19 above]; See ver. 13
  39. Matthew 13:23 : Hos. 14:8; John 15:5, 16; Phil. 1:11; Col. 1:6
  40. Matthew 13:23 : ver. 8
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 17

In the Shadow of Your Wings

A (A)Prayer of David.

17 Hear a just cause, O Lord; (B)attend to my cry!
Give ear to my prayer from lips free of deceit!
From your presence (C)let my vindication come!
Let your eyes behold the right!

You have (D)tried my heart, you have (E)visited me by (F)night,
you have (G)tested me, and you will find nothing;
I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.
With regard to the works of man, by the word of your lips
I have avoided the ways of the violent.
My steps have (H)held fast to your paths;
my feet have not slipped.

I (I)call upon you, for you will answer me, O God;
(J)incline your ear to me; hear my words.
(K)Wondrously show[a] your steadfast love,
O Savior of those who seek refuge
from (L)their adversaries at your right hand.

Keep me as (M)the apple of your eye;
hide me in (N)the shadow of your wings,
from the wicked who do me violence,
my deadly enemies who (O)surround me.

10 (P)They close their hearts to pity;
with their mouths they (Q)speak arrogantly.
11 They have now surrounded our (R)steps;
they set their eyes to (S)cast us to the ground.
12 He is like a lion eager to tear,
as a young lion (T)lurking in ambush.

13 Arise, O Lord! Confront him, subdue him!
Deliver my soul from the wicked by your sword,
14 from men by your hand, O Lord,
from (U)men of the world whose (V)portion is in this life.[b]
You fill their womb with treasure;[c]
they are satisfied with (W)children,
and they leave their abundance to their infants.

15 As for me, I shall (X)behold your face in righteousness;
when I (Y)awake, I shall be (Z)satisfied with your likeness.


  1. Psalm 17:7 Or Distinguish me by
  2. Psalm 17:14 Or from men whose portion in life is of the world
  3. Psalm 17:14 Or As for your treasured ones, you fill their womb
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 3:33-35

33 (A)The Lord's curse is on the house of the wicked,
but he (B)blesses the dwelling of the righteous.
34 Toward the (C)scorners he (D)is scornful,
(E)but to the humble he gives favor.[a]
35 The wise will inherit honor,
but fools get[b] disgrace.


  1. Proverbs 3:34 Or grace
  2. Proverbs 3:35 The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday January 18, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 37-38

Joseph’s Dreams

37 Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, the land of Canaan.(A) These are the family records of Jacob.

At seventeen years of age, Joseph tended sheep with his brothers. The young man was working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives,(B) and he brought a bad report about them to their father.(C)

Now Israel loved Joseph more than his other sons because Joseph was a son born to him in his old age,(D) and he made a robe of many colors[a] for him. When his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not bring themselves to speak peaceably to him.

Then Joseph had a dream. When he told it to his brothers, they hated him even more. He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: There we were, binding sheaves of grain in the field. Suddenly my sheaf stood up, and your sheaves gathered around it and bowed down to my sheaf.”(E)

“Are you really going to reign over us?” his brothers asked him. “Are you really going to rule us?” So they hated him even more because of his dream and what he had said.

Then he had another dream and told it to his brothers. “Look,” he said, “I had another dream, and this time the sun, moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”

10 He told his father and brothers, and his father rebuked him. “What kind of dream is this that you have had?” he said. “Am I and your mother and your brothers really going to come and bow down to the ground before you?” 11 His brothers were jealous of him,(F) but his father kept the matter in mind.(G)

Joseph Sold into Slavery

12 His brothers had gone to pasture their father’s flocks at Shechem. 13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers, you know, are pasturing the flocks at Shechem. Get ready. I’m sending you to them.”

“I’m ready,” Joseph replied.

14 Then Israel said to him, “Go and see how your brothers and the flocks are doing, and bring word back to me.” So he sent him from the Hebron(H) Valley, and he went to Shechem.

15 A man found him there, wandering in the field, and asked him, “What are you looking for?”

16 “I’m looking for my brothers,” Joseph said. “Can you tell me where they are pasturing their flocks?”

17 “They’ve moved on from here,” the man said. “I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’”(I) So Joseph set out after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

18 They saw him in the distance, and before he had reached them, they plotted to kill him.(J) 19 They said to one another, “Oh, look, here comes that dream expert![b] 20 So now, come on, let’s kill him and throw him into one of the pits.[c] We can say that a vicious animal ate him. Then we’ll see what becomes of his dreams!”

21 When Reuben heard this, he tried to save him from them.[d] He said, “Let’s not take his life.”(K) 22 Reuben also said to them, “Don’t shed blood. Throw him into this pit in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him”—intending to rescue him from them and return him to his father.

23 When Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped off Joseph’s robe, the robe of many colors that he had on. 24 Then they took him and threw him into the pit. The pit was empty, without water.

25 They sat down to eat a meal,(L) and when they looked up, there was a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead.(M) Their camels were carrying aromatic gum, balsam, and resin, going down to Egypt.(N)

26 Judah said to his brothers, “What do we gain if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 27 Come on, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay a hand on him, for he is our brother, our own flesh,” and his brothers agreed. 28 When Midianite(O) traders passed by, his brothers pulled Joseph out of the pit and sold him for twenty pieces of silver to the Ishmaelites, who took Joseph to Egypt.(P)

29 When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not there, he tore his clothes.(Q) 30 He went back to his brothers and said, “The boy is gone! What am I going to do?” [e] 31 So they took Joseph’s robe, slaughtered a male goat, and dipped the robe in its blood. 32 They sent the robe of many colors to their father and said, “We found this. Examine it. Is it your son’s robe or not?”

33 His father recognized it. “It is my son’s robe,” he said. “A vicious animal has devoured him. Joseph has been torn to pieces!” (R) 34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put sackcloth around his waist, and mourned for his son many days. 35 All his sons and daughters tried to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted. “No,” he said. “I will go down to Sheol to my son, mourning.” And his father wept for him.

36 Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and the captain of the guards.

Judah and Tamar

38 At that time Judah left his brothers and settled near an Adullamite(S) named Hirah. There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite named Shua; he took her as a wife and slept with her. She conceived and gave birth to a son, and he named him Er.(T) She conceived again, gave birth to a son, and named him Onan. She gave birth to another son and named him Shelah. It was at Chezib that[f][g] she gave birth to him.

Judah got a wife for Er, his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. Now Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the Lord’s sight, and the Lord put him to death.(U) Then Judah said to Onan, “Sleep with your brother’s wife. Perform your duty as her brother-in-law(V) and produce offspring for your brother.”(W) But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his, so whenever he slept with his brother’s wife, he released his semen on the ground so that he would not produce offspring for his brother. 10 What he did was evil in the Lord’s sight, so he put him to death also.

11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Remain a widow in your father’s house until my son Shelah grows up.”(X) For he thought, “He might die too, like his brothers.” So Tamar went to live in her father’s house.

12 After a long time[h] Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. When Judah had finished mourning, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite went up to Timnah(Y) to his sheepshearers. 13 Tamar was told, “Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 14 So she took off her widow’s clothes, veiled her face,(Z) covered herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim,[i] which is on the way to Timnah. For she saw that, though Shelah had grown up, she had not been given to him as a wife. 15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

16 He went over to her and said, “Come, let me sleep with you,” for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law.(AA)

She said, “What will you give me for sleeping with me?”

17 “I will send you a young goat from my flock,” he replied.

But she said, “Only if you leave something with me until you send it.”

18 “What should I give you?” he asked.

She answered, “Your signet ring, your cord, and the staff in your hand.” So he gave them to her and slept with her, and she became pregnant by him. 19 She got up and left, then removed her veil and put her widow’s clothes back on.

20 When Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite in order to get back the items he had left with the woman, he could not find her. 21 He asked the men of the place, “Where is the cult prostitute who was beside the road at Enaim?”

“There has been no cult prostitute here,” they answered.

22 So the Adullamite returned to Judah, saying, “I couldn’t find her, and besides, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’”

23 Judah replied, “Let her keep the items for herself; otherwise we will become a laughingstock. After all, I did send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”

24 About three months later Judah was told, “Your daughter-in-law, Tamar, has been acting like a prostitute, and now she is pregnant.”

“Bring her out,” Judah said, “and let her be burned to death!” (AB)

25 As she was being brought out, she sent her father-in-law this message: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these items belong.” And she added, “Examine them. Whose signet ring, cord, and staff are these?”

26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more in the right[j] than I,(AC) since I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not know her intimately again.

27 When the time came for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 28 As she was giving birth, one of them put out his hand, and the midwife took it and tied a scarlet thread around it, announcing, “This one came out first.” 29 But then he pulled his hand back, out came his brother, and she said, “What a breakout you have made for yourself!” So he was named Perez.[k](AD) 30 Then his brother, who had the scarlet thread tied to his hand, came out, and was named Zerah.[l]


  1. 37:3 Or robe with long sleeves; see 2Sm 13:18,19
  2. 37:19 Lit comes the lord of the dreams
  3. 37:20 Or cisterns
  4. 37:21 Lit their hands
  5. 37:30 Lit And I, where am I going?
  6. 38:5 LXX reads She was at Chezib when
  7. 38:5 Or He was at Chezib when
  8. 38:12 Lit And there were many days, and
  9. 38:14 Or sat by the mouth of the springs
  10. 38:26 Or more righteous
  11. 38:29 = Breaking Out
  12. 38:30 = Brightness of Sunrise; perhaps related to the scarlet thread
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Matthew 12:22-45

A House Divided

22 Then a demon-possessed man(A) who was blind and unable to speak was brought to him. He healed him, so that the man[a] could both speak and see.(B) 23 All the crowds were astounded and said, “Could this be the Son of David?” (C)

24 When the Pharisees heard this, they said, “This man drives out demons only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.”(D)

25 Knowing their thoughts,(E) he told them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is headed for destruction, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. 26 If Satan(F) drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons drive them out? For this reason they will be your judges.(G) 28 If I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.(H) 29 How can someone enter a strong man’s house and steal his possessions unless he first ties up(I) the strong man? Then he can plunder his house. 30 Anyone who is not with me is against me,(J) and anyone who does not gather with me scatters. 31 Therefore,(K) I tell you, people will be forgiven every sin and blasphemy,(L) but the blasphemy against[b] the Spirit will not be forgiven.[c] 32 Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man,(M) it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the one to come.(N)

A Tree and Its Fruit

33 “Either make the tree good and its fruit will be good, or make the tree bad[d] and its fruit will be bad; for a tree is known by its fruit.(O) 34 Brood of vipers! How can you speak good things when you are evil? For the mouth speaks from the overflow(P) of the heart. 35 A good person produces good things from his storeroom of good, and an evil person produces evil things from his storeroom of evil.(Q) 36 I tell you that on the day of judgment(R) people will have to account(S) for every careless[e] word they speak.[f] 37 For by your words you will be acquitted, and by your words you will be condemned.”

The Sign of Jonah

38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to him, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.”(T)

39 He answered them,(U) “An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.(V) 40 For as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish[g](W) three days and three nights,(X) so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. 41 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it,(Y) because they repented at Jonah’s preaching; and look—something greater than Jonah is here.(Z) 42 The queen of the south(AA) will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and look—something greater than Solomon is here.

An Unclean Spirit’s Return

43 “When an unclean spirit comes out of a person, it roams through waterless places looking for rest but doesn’t find any.(AB) 44 Then it says, ‘I’ll go back to my house that I came from.’ Returning, it finds the house vacant, swept, and put in order. 45 Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and settle down there. As a result, that person’s last condition is worse than the first.(AC) That’s how it will also be with this evil generation.”


  1. 12:22 Lit mute
  2. 12:31 Or of
  3. 12:31 Other mss add people
  4. 12:33 Or decayed; lit rotten
  5. 12:36 Lit worthless
  6. 12:36 Lit will speak
  7. 12:40 Or sea creature; Jnh 1:17
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Psalm 16

Psalm 16

Confidence in the Lord

A Miktam of David.(A)

Protect me, God, for I take refuge in you.(B)
I[a] said to the Lord, “You are my Lord;
I have nothing good besides you.”[b](C)
As for the holy people who are in the land,(D)
they are the noble ones.
All my delight is in them.
The sorrows of those who take another god
for themselves will multiply;
I will not pour out their drink offerings of blood,
and I will not speak their names with my lips.(E)

Lord, you are my portion[c]
and my cup of blessing;
you hold my future.(F)
The boundary lines have fallen for me
in pleasant places;
indeed, I have a beautiful inheritance.(G)

I will bless the Lord who counsels me(H)
even at night when my thoughts trouble me.[d](I)
I always let the Lord guide me.[e]
Because he is at my right hand,
I will not be shaken.(J)

Therefore my heart is glad
and my whole being rejoices;
my body also rests securely.(K)
10 For you will not abandon me to Sheol;(L)
you will not allow your faithful one to see decay.(M)
11 You reveal the path of life to me;
in your presence is abundant joy;(N)
at your right hand are eternal pleasures.(O)


  1. 16:2 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Jer; other Hb mss read You
  2. 16:2 Or “Lord, my good; there is none besides you.”
  3. 16:5 Orallotted portion
  4. 16:7 Or at night my heart instructs me
  5. 16:8 Lit I place the Lord in front of me always
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Proverbs 3:27-32

Treat Others Fairly

27 When it is in your power,[a]
don’t withhold good(A) from the one to whom it belongs.
28 Don’t say to your neighbor, “Go away! Come back later.
I’ll give it tomorrow”—when it is there with you.(B)
29 Don’t plan any harm against your neighbor,(C)
for he trusts you and lives near you.
30 Don’t accuse anyone without cause,(D)
when he has done you no harm.
31 Don’t envy a violent man(E)
or choose any of his ways;
32 for the devious are detestable to the Lord,
but he is a friend[b] to the upright.(F)


  1. 3:27 Lit in the power of your hands
  2. 3:32 Or confidential counsel
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday January 17, 2020 (NIV)

Genesis 35-36

Return to Bethel

35 God said to Jacob, “Get up! Go to Bethel and settle there.(A) Build an altar there to the God who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.”(B)

So Jacob said to his family and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods that are among you.(C) Purify yourselves and change your clothes.(D) We must get up and go to Bethel. I will build an altar there to the God who answered me in my day of distress.(E) He has been with me everywhere I have gone.”(F)

Then they gave Jacob all their foreign gods and their earrings, and Jacob hid them under the oak near Shechem. When they set out, a terror from God came over the cities around them, and they did not pursue Jacob’s sons.(G) So Jacob and all who were with him came to Luz (that is, Bethel(H)) in the land of Canaan. Jacob built an altar there and called the place El-bethel[a] because it was there that God had revealed himself to him when he was fleeing from his brother.

Deborah, the one who had nursed and raised Rebekah,[b](I) died and was buried under the oak south of Bethel. So Jacob named it Allon-bacuth.[c]

God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan-aram, and he blessed him. 10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob; you will no longer be named Jacob, but your name will be Israel.”(J) So he named him Israel. 11 God also said to him, “I am God Almighty.(K) Be fruitful and multiply.(L) A nation, indeed an assembly of nations, will come from you,(M) and kings will descend from you.[d](N) 12 I will give to you the land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac.(O) And I will give the land to your future descendants.” 13 Then God withdrew[e](P) from him at the place where he had spoken to him.

14 Jacob set up a marker at the place where he had spoken to him—a stone marker. He poured a drink offering on it and anointed it with oil.(Q) 15 Jacob named the place where God had spoken with him Bethel.

Rachel’s Death

16 They set out from Bethel. When they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth, and her labor was difficult. 17 During her difficult labor, the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you have another son.”(R) 18 With her last breath—for she was dying—she named him Ben-oni,[f] but his father called him Benjamin.[g] 19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem(S)). 20 Jacob set up a marker on her grave; it is the marker at Rachel’s grave still today.

Israel’s Sons

21 Israel set out again and pitched his tent beyond the Tower of Eder.[h] 22 While Israel was living in that region, Reuben went in and slept with his father’s concubine Bilhah, and Israel heard about it.(T)

Jacob had twelve sons:(U)

23 Leah’s sons were Reuben (Jacob’s firstborn),

Simeon, Levi, Judah,

Issachar, and Zebulun.

24 Rachel’s sons were

Joseph and Benjamin.

25 The sons of Rachel’s slave Bilhah

were Dan and Naphtali.

26 The sons of Leah’s slave Zilpah

were Gad and Asher.

These are the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddan-aram.

Isaac’s Death

27 Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre(V) in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron(W)), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 28 Isaac lived 180 years. 29 He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people,(X) old and full of days. His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

Esau’s Family

36 These are the family records(Y) of Esau (that is, Edom(Z)). Esau took his wives from the Canaanite women: Adah daughter of Elon the Hethite,(AA) Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter[i] of Zibeon the Hivite, and Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.(AB) Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were Esau’s sons, who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

Esau took his wives, sons, daughters, and all the people of his household, as well as his herds, all his livestock, and all the property he had acquired in Canaan; he went to a land away from his brother Jacob. For their possessions were too many for them to live together,(AC) and because of their herds, the land where they stayed could not support them.(AD) So Esau (that is, Edom) lived in the mountains of Seir.(AE)

These are the family records of Esau, father of the Edomites in the mountains of Seir.

10 These are the names of Esau’s sons:(AF)

Eliphaz son of Esau’s wife Adah,

and Reuel son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

11 The sons of Eliphaz were

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz,

bore Amalek to Eliphaz.

These are the sons of Esau’s wife Adah.

13 These are Reuel’s sons:

Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

These are the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

14 These are the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah

daughter of Anah and granddaughter[j] of Zibeon:

She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Edom.

15 These are the chiefs among Esau’s sons:

the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn:

chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,

16 chief Korah,[k] chief Gatam, and chief Amalek.

These are the chiefs descended from Eliphaz

in the land of Edom.

These are the sons of Adah.

17 These are the sons of Reuel, Esau’s son:

chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, and chief Mizzah.

These are the chiefs descended from Reuel

in the land of Edom.

These are the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

18 These are the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah:

chief Jeush, chief Jalam, and chief Korah.

These are the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah

daughter of Anah.

19 These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom),

and these are their chiefs.

Seir’s Family

20 These are the sons of Seir the Horite,(AG)

the inhabitants of the land:

Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,

21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan.

These are the chiefs among the Horites,

the sons of Seir, in the land of Edom.

22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Heman.

Timna was Lotan’s sister.

23 These are Shobal’s sons:

Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.

24 These are Zibeon’s sons: Aiah and Anah.

This was the Anah who found the hot springs[l] in the wilderness

while he was pasturing the donkeys of his father Zibeon.

25 These are the children of Anah:

Dishon and Oholibamah daughter of Anah.

26 These are Dishon’s sons:

Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.

27 These are Ezer’s sons:

Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

28 These are Dishan’s sons: Uz and Aran.

29 These are the chiefs among the Horites:

chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah,

30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, and chief Dishan.

These are the chiefs among the Horites,

clan by clan,[m] in the land of Seir.

Rulers of Edom

31 These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom(AH)

before any king reigned over the Israelites:

32 Bela son of Beor reigned in Edom;

the name of his city was Dinhabah.

33 When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.

34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

35 When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad reigned in his place.

He defeated Midian in the field of Moab;

the name of his city was Avith.

36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.

37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the Euphrates River reigned in his place.

38 When Shaul died, Baal-hanan son of Achbor reigned in his place.

39 When Baal-hanan son of Achbor died, Hadar[n] reigned in his place.

His city was Pau, and his wife’s name was Mehetabel

daughter of Matred daughter of Me-zahab.

40 These are the names of Esau’s chiefs,

according to their families and their localities,

by their names:

chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth,

41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon,

42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar,

43 chief Magdiel, and chief Iram.

These are Edom’s chiefs,

according to their settlements in the land they possessed.

Esau[o] was father of the Edomites.


  1. 35:7 = God of Bethel
  2. 35:8 Lit Deborah, Rebekah’s wet nurse; Gn 24:59
  3. 35:8 = Oak of Weeping
  4. 35:11 Lit will come from your loins
  5. 35:13 Lit went up
  6. 35:18 = Son of My Sorrow
  7. 35:18 = Son of the Right Hand
  8. 35:21 Or beyond Migdal-eder
  9. 36:2 Sam, LXX read Anah son
  10. 36:14 Sam, LXX read Anah son
  11. 36:16 Sam omits Korah
  12. 36:24 Syr, Vg; Tg reads the mules; Hb obscure
  13. 36:30 Lit Horites, for their chiefs
  14. 36:39 Many Hb mss, Sam, Syr read Hadad
  15. 36:43 Lit He Esau
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Matthew 12:1-21

Lord of the Sabbath

12 At that time Jesus passed through the grainfields on the Sabbath.(A) His disciples(B) were hungry and began to pick and eat some heads of grain. When the Pharisees saw this, they said to him, “See, your disciples are doing what is not lawful(C) to do on the Sabbath.”

He said to them, “Haven’t you read what David did when he and those who were with him were hungry: how he entered the house of God, and they ate[a] the bread of the Presence—which is not lawful for him or for those with him to eat, but only for the priests?(D) Or haven’t you read in the law that on Sabbath days the priests in the temple violate the Sabbath and are innocent?(E) I tell you that something greater than the temple is here.(F) If you had known what this means, I desire mercy and not sacrifice,[b](G) you would not have condemned the innocent. For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”(H)

The Man with the Shriveled Hand

Moving on from there, he entered their synagogue.(I) 10 There he saw a man who had a shriveled hand, and in order to accuse him they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?” (J)

11 He replied to them, “Who among you, if he had a sheep that fell into a pit on the Sabbath, wouldn’t take hold of it and lift it out?(K) 12 A person is worth far more than a sheep; (L) so it is lawful to do what is good on the Sabbath.”

13 Then he told the man, “Stretch out your hand.” So he stretched it out, and it was restored,(M) as good as the other. 14 But the Pharisees went out and plotted against him, how they might kill him.(N)

The Servant of the Lord

15 Jesus was aware of this and withdrew. Large crowds[c] followed him, and he healed them all.(O) 16 He warned them not to make him known,(P) 17 so that what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled:

18 Here is my servant whom I have chosen,
my beloved in whom I delight;
I will put my Spirit on him,
and he will proclaim justice to the nations.(Q)
19 He will not argue or shout,
and no one will hear his voice in the streets.
20 He will not break a bruised reed,
and he will not put out a smoldering wick,
until he has led justice to victory.[d]
21 The nations will put their hope in his name.[e](R)


  1. 12:4 Other mss read he ate
  2. 12:7 Hs 6:6
  3. 12:15 Other mss read Many
  4. 12:20 Or until he has successfully put forth justice
  5. 12:18-21 Is 42:1-4