The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday July 18, 2018 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 26:12-27:34

12 These divisions of the gatekeepers, under their leading men, had duties for ministering in the Lord’s temple, just as their relatives did. 13 They cast lots for each temple gate according to their ancestral families, young and old alike.(A)

14 The lot for the east gate fell to Shelemiah.[a] They also cast lots for his son Zechariah, an insightful counselor, and his lot came out for the north gate. 15 Obed-edom’s was the south gate, and his sons’ lot was for the storehouses; 16 it was the west gate and the gate of Shallecheth on the ascending highway for Shuppim and Hosah.

There were guards stationed at every watch. 17 There were six Levites each day[b] on the east, four each day on the north, four each day on the south, and two pair at the storehouses. 18 As for the court on the west, there were four at the highway and two at the court. 19 Those were the divisions of the gatekeepers from the descendants of the Korahites and Merarites.

The Levitical Treasurers and Other Officials

20 From the Levites, Ahijah was in charge of the treasuries of God’s temple and the treasuries of what had been dedicated.(B) 21 From the sons of Ladan, who were the descendants of the Gershonites through Ladan and were the family heads belonging to Ladan the Gershonite: Jehieli. 22 The sons of Jehieli, Zetham and his brother Joel, were in charge of the treasuries of the Lord’s temple.

23 From the Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites, and the Uzzielites: 24 Shebuel, a descendant of Moses’s son Gershom, was the officer in charge of the treasuries. 25 His relatives through Eliezer: his son Rehabiah, his son Jeshaiah, his son Joram, his son Zichri, and his son Shelomith.[c] 26 This Shelomith and his relatives were in charge of all the treasuries of what had been dedicated by King David,(C) by the family heads who were the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and by the army commanders. 27 They dedicated part of the plunder from their battles for the repair of the Lord’s temple. 28 All that the seer Samuel, Saul son of Kish, Abner son of Ner, and Joab son of Zeruiah had dedicated, along with everything else that had been dedicated, were in the care of Shelomith and his relatives.

29 From the Izrahites: Chenaniah and his sons had duties outside the temple[d](D) as officers and judges(E) over Israel. 30 From the Hebronites: Hashabiah(F) and his relatives, 1,700 capable men, had assigned duties in Israel west of the Jordan for all the work of the Lord and for the service of the king. 31 From the Hebronites: Jerijah(G) was the head of the Hebronites, according to the family records of his ancestors. A search was made in the fortieth year of David’s reign and strong, capable men were found among them at Jazer(H) in Gilead. 32 There were among Jerijah’s relatives 2,700 capable men who were family heads. King David appointed them over the Reubenites, the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh as overseers in every matter relating to God and the king.(I)

David’s Secular Officials

27 This is the list of the Israelites, the family heads, the commanders of thousands and the commanders of hundreds, and their officers who served the king in every matter to do with the divisions that were on rotated military duty each month throughout[e] the year. There were 24,000 in each division:

Jashobeam son of Zabdiel was in charge of the first division,(J) for the first month; 24,000 were in his division. He was a descendant of Perez and chief of all the army commanders for the first month.

Dodai the Ahohite was in charge of the division for the second month, and Mikloth was the leader; 24,000 were in his division.

The third army commander, as chief for the third month, was Benaiah son of the priest Jehoiada; 24,000 were in his division. This Benaiah was a mighty man among the Thirty and over the Thirty, and his son Ammizabad was in charge[f] of his division.

The fourth commander, for the fourth month, was Joab’s brother Asahel, and his son Zebadiah was commander after him; 24,000 were in his division.

The fifth, for the fifth month, was the commander Shamhuth the Izrahite; 24,000 were in his division.

The sixth, for the sixth month, was Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoite; 24,000 were in his division.

10 The seventh, for the seventh month, was Helez the Pelonite from the descendants of Ephraim; 24,000 were in his division.

11 The eighth, for the eighth month, was Sibbecai the Hushathite, a Zerahite; 24,000 were in his division.

12 The ninth, for the ninth month, was Abiezer the Anathothite, a Benjaminite; 24,000 were in his division.

13 The tenth, for the tenth month, was Maharai the Netophathite, a Zerahite; 24,000 were in his division.

14 The eleventh, for the eleventh month, was Benaiah the Pirathonite from the descendants of Ephraim; 24,000 were in his division.

15 The twelfth, for the twelfth month, was Heldai the Netophathite, of Othniel’s family;[g] 24,000 were in his division.

16 The following were in charge of the tribes of Israel:

For the Reubenites, Eliezer son of Zichri was the chief official;

for the Simeonites, Shephatiah son of Maacah;

17 for the Levites, Hashabiah son of Kemuel; for Aaron, Zadok;

18 for Judah, Elihu, one of David’s brothers; for Issachar, Omri son of Michael;

19 for Zebulun, Ishmaiah son of Obadiah;

for Naphtali, Jerimoth son of Azriel;

20 for the Ephraimites, Hoshea son of Azaziah;

for half the tribe of Manasseh, Joel son of Pedaiah;

21 for half the tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo son of Zechariah;

for Benjamin, Jaasiel son of Abner;

22 for Dan, Azarel son of Jeroham.

Those were the leaders of the tribes of Israel.(K)

23 David didn’t count the men aged twenty or under, for the Lord had said he would make Israel as numerous as the stars of the sky.(L) 24 Joab son of Zeruiah began to count them, but he didn’t complete it. There was wrath against Israel because of this census,(M) and the number was not entered in the Historical Record[h] of King David.

25 Azmaveth son of Adiel was in charge of the king’s storehouses.

Jonathan son of Uzziah was in charge of the storehouses in the country, in the cities, in the villages, and in the fortresses.

26 Ezri son of Chelub was in charge of those who worked in the fields tilling the soil.

27 Shimei the Ramathite was in charge of the vineyards.

Zabdi the Shiphmite was in charge of the produce of the vineyards for the wine cellars.

28 Baal-hanan the Gederite was in charge of the olive and sycamore trees(N) in the Judean foothills.[i]

Joash was in charge of the stores of olive oil.

29 Shitrai the Sharonite was in charge of the herds that grazed in Sharon,(O) while Shaphat son of Adlai was in charge of the herds in the valleys.

30 Obil the Ishmaelite was in charge of the camels.

Jehdeiah the Meronothite was in charge of the donkeys.

31 Jaziz the Hagrite(P) was in charge of the flocks.

All these were officials in charge of King David’s property.

32 David’s uncle Jonathan was a counselor; he was a man of understanding and a scribe. Jehiel son of Hachmoni attended[j] the king’s sons. 33 Ahithophel(Q) was the king’s counselor. Hushai(R) the Archite was the king’s friend. 34 After Ahithophel came Jehoiada son of Benaiah,(S) then Abiathar.(T) Joab was the commander of the king’s army.(U)


  1. 26:14 Variant of Meshelemiah
  2. 26:17 LXX; MT omits each day
  3. 26:25 Or Shelomoth, also in vv. 26,28
  4. 26:29 the temple added for clarity
  5. 27:1 Lit that came in and went out month by month for all months of
  6. 27:6 LXX; MT omits in charge
  7. 27:15 Lit belonging to Othniel
  8. 27:24 LXX; MT reads the number of the Historical Record
  9. 27:28 Or the Shephelah
  10. 27:32 Lit was with
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Romans 4:13-5:5

The Promise Granted through Faith

13 For the promise to Abraham(A) or to his descendants that he would inherit the world(B) was not through the law, but through the righteousness that comes by faith. 14 If those who are of the law are heirs,(C) faith is made empty and the promise nullified, 15 because the law produces wrath.(D) And where there is no law,(E) there is no transgression.

16 This is why the promise is by faith, so that it may be according to grace,(F) to guarantee it to all the descendants(G)—not only to those who are of the law[a] but also to those who are of Abraham’s faith. He is the father of us all. 17 As it is written: I have made you the father of many nations.[b](H) He is our father in God’s sight, in whom Abraham believed—the God who gives life to the dead(I) and calls(J) things into existence that do not exist.(K) 18 He believed, hoping against hope, so that he became the father of many nations[c](L) according to what had been spoken: So will your descendants be.(M)(N) 19 He did not weaken in faith when he considered[d] his own body to be already dead(O) (since he was about a hundred years old)(P) and also the deadness of Sarah’s womb.(Q) 20 He did not waver in unbelief at God’s promise but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God,(R) 21 because he was fully convinced(S) that what God had promised, he was also able to do.(T) 22 Therefore, it was credited to him for righteousness.[e](U) 23 Now it was credited to him[f] was not written for Abraham alone,(V) 24 but also for us. It will be credited to us who believe in him(W) who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead.(X) 25 He was delivered up for[g] our trespasses(Y) and raised for our justification.(Z)

Faith Triumphs

Therefore, since we have been declared righteous by faith,(AA) we have peace[h] with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.(AB) We have also obtained access through him(AC) by faith[i] into this grace in which we stand,(AD) and we rejoice[j] in the hope of the glory of God. And not only that,(AE) but we also rejoice in our afflictions,(AF) because we know that affliction produces endurance,(AG) endurance produces proven character,(AH) and proven character produces hope. This hope will not disappoint us,(AI) because God’s love has been poured out in our hearts(AJ) through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.


  1. 4:16 Or not to those who are of the law only
  2. 4:17 Gn 17:5
  3. 4:18 Gn 17:5
  4. 4:19 Other mss read He did not consider
  5. 4:22 Gn 15:6
  6. 4:23 Gn 15:6
  7. 4:25 Or because of
  8. 5:1 Other mss read faith, let us have peace, which can also be translated faith, let us grasp the fact that we have peace
  9. 5:2 Other mss omit by faith
  10. 5:2 Lit boast, also in vv. 3,11
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Psalm 14

Psalm 14

A Portrait of Sinners

For the choir director. Of David.

The fool says in his heart, “There’s no God.”(A)
They are corrupt; they do vile deeds.
There is no one who does good.
The Lord looks down from heaven on the human race[a](B)
to see if there is one who is wise,
one who seeks God.
All have turned away;
all alike have become corrupt.
There is no one who does good,
not even one.(C)

Will evildoers never understand?
They consume my people as they consume bread;(D)
they do not call on the Lord.(E)

Then[b] they will be filled with dread,
for God is with those who are[c] righteous.(F)
You sinners frustrate the plans of the oppressed,(G)
but the Lord is his refuge.(H)

Oh, that Israel’s deliverance would come from Zion!
When the Lord restores the fortunes of his people,[d]
let Jacob rejoice, let Israel be glad.(I)


  1. 14:2 Or the descendants of Adam
  2. 14:5 Or There
  3. 14:5 Lit with the generation of the
  4. 14:7 Or restores his captive people
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Proverbs 19:17

17 Kindness to the poor is a loan to the Lord,(A)
and he will give a reward to the lender.[a](B)


  1. 19:17 Lit to him
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday July 17, 2018 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 24:1-26:11

The Divisions of the Priests

24 The divisions of the descendants of Aaron were as follows: Aaron’s sons were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.(A) But Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and they had no sons, so Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests.(B) Together with Zadok(C) from the descendants of Eleazar and Ahimelech from the descendants of Ithamar, David divided them according to the assigned duties of their service. Since more leaders were found among Eleazar’s descendants than Ithamar’s, they were divided accordingly: sixteen heads of ancestral families[a] were from Eleazar’s descendants, and eight heads of ancestral families were from Ithamar’s. They(D) were assigned by lot, for there were officers of the sanctuary and officers of God among both Eleazar’s and Ithamar’s descendants.

The secretary, Shemaiah son of Nethanel, a Levite, recorded them in the presence of the king and the officers, the priest Zadok, Ahimelech(E) son of Abiathar, and the heads of families of the priests and the Levites. One ancestral family[b] was taken for Eleazar, and then one for Ithamar.

The first lot fell to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah,

the third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim,

the fifth to Malchijah, the sixth to Mijamin,

10 the seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah,(F)

11 the ninth to Jeshua, the tenth to Shecaniah,

12 the eleventh to Eliashib, the twelfth to Jakim,

13 the thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to Jeshebeab,

14 the fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer,

15 the seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Happizzez,

16 the nineteenth to Pethahiah, the twentieth to Jehezkel,

17 the twenty-first to Jachin, the twenty-second to Gamul,

18 the twenty-third to Delaiah, and the twenty-fourth to Maaziah.

19 These had their assigned duties for service when they entered the Lord’s temple, according to their regulations, which they received from their ancestor Aaron, as the Lord God of Israel had commanded him.

The Rest of the Levites

20 As for the rest of Levi’s sons:

from Amram’s sons: Shubael;

from Shubael’s sons: Jehdeiah.

21 From Rehabiah:

from Rehabiah’s sons: Isshiah was the first.

22 From the Izharites: Shelomoth;

from Shelomoth’s sons: Jahath.

23 Hebron’s[c](G) sons:

Jeriah the first, Amariah the second,

Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.

24 From Uzziel’s sons: Micah;

from Micah’s sons: Shamir.

25 Micah’s brother: Isshiah;

from Isshiah’s sons: Zechariah.

26 Merari’s sons: Mahli and Mushi,

and from his sons, Jaaziah his son.[d]

27 Merari’s sons, by his son Jaaziah:[e]

Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri.

28 From Mahli: Eleazar, who had no sons.

29 From Kish, from Kish’s sons: Jerahmeel.

30 Mushi’s sons: Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.

Those were the descendants of the Levites according to their ancestral families.[f] 31 They also cast lots the same way as their relatives the descendants of Aaron did in the presence of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the families of the priests and Levites—the family heads and their younger brothers alike.(H)

The Levitical Musicians

25 David and the officers of the army also set apart some of the sons of Asaph, Heman,(I) and Jeduthun, who were to prophesy(J) accompanied by lyres, harps, and cymbals.(K) This is the list of the men who performed their service:

From Asaph’s sons:

Zaccur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asarelah, sons of Asaph, under Asaph’s authority, who prophesied under the authority of the king.

From Jeduthun:(L) Jeduthun’s sons:

Gedaliah, Zeri, Jeshaiah, Shimei,[g] Hashabiah, and Mattithiah—six—under the authority of their father Jeduthun, prophesying to the accompaniment of lyres, giving thanks and praise to the Lord.

From Heman: Heman’s sons:

Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth. All these sons of Heman, the king’s seer,(M) were given by the promises of God to exalt him,[h] for God had given Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.

All these men were under their own fathers’ authority for the music in the Lord’s temple, with cymbals, harps, and lyres for the service of God’s temple. Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman were under the king’s authority. They numbered 288 together with their relatives who were all trained and skillful in music for the Lord. They cast lots for their duties, young and old alike, teacher as well as pupil.(N)

The first lot for Asaph fell to Joseph, his sons, and his relatives—12[i]
to Gedaliah the second: him, his relatives, and his sons—12
10 the third to Zaccur, his sons, and his relatives—12
11 the fourth to Izri,[j] his sons, and his relatives—12
12 the fifth to Nethaniah, his sons, and his relatives—12
13 the sixth to Bukkiah, his sons, and his relatives—12
14 the seventh to Jesarelah, his sons, and his relatives—12
15 the eighth to Jeshaiah, his sons, and his relatives—12
16 the ninth to Mattaniah, his sons, and his relatives—12
17 the tenth to Shimei, his sons, and his relatives—12
18 the eleventh to Azarel,[k] his sons, and his relatives—12
19 the twelfth to Hashabiah, his sons, and his relatives—12
20 the thirteenth to Shubael, his sons, and his relatives—12
21 the fourteenth to Mattithiah, his sons, and his relatives—12
22 the fifteenth to Jeremoth, his sons, and his relatives—12
23 the sixteenth to Hananiah, his sons, and his relatives—12
24 the seventeenth to Joshbekashah, his sons, and his relatives—12
25 the eighteenth to Hanani, his sons, and his relatives—12
26 the nineteenth to Mallothi, his sons, and his relatives—12
27 the twentieth to Eliathah, his sons, and his relatives—12
28 the twenty-first to Hothir, his sons, and his relatives—12
29 the twenty-second to Giddalti, his sons, and his relatives—12
30 the twenty-third to Mahazioth, his sons, and his relatives—12
31 and the twenty-fourth to Romamti-ezer, his sons, and his relatives—12.

The Levitical Gatekeepers

26 The following were the divisions of the gatekeepers:

From the Korahites: Meshelemiah son of Kore, one of the sons of Asaph.

Meshelemiah had sons:

Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the second,

Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth,

Elam the fifth, Jehohanan the sixth,

and Eliehoenai the seventh.

Obed-edom also had sons:

Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second,

Joah the third, Sachar the fourth,

Nethanel the fifth, Ammiel the sixth,

Issachar the seventh, and Peullethai the eighth,

for God blessed him.

Also, to his son Shemaiah were born sons who ruled their ancestral families[l] because they were strong, capable men.

Shemaiah’s sons: Othni, Rephael, Obed, and Elzabad; his relatives Elihu and Semachiah were also capable men. All of these were among the sons of Obed-edom with their sons and relatives; they were capable men with strength for the work—sixty-two from Obed-edom.

Meshelemiah also had sons and relatives who were capable men—eighteen.

10 Hosah,(O) from the Merarites, also had sons: Shimri the first (although he was not the firstborn, his father had appointed him as the first), 11 Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third, and Zechariah the fourth. The sons and relatives of Hosah were thirteen in all.


  1. 24:4 Lit house of fathers
  2. 24:6 Lit father’s house
  3. 24:23 Some Hb mss, some LXX mss; other Hb mss omit Hebron’s; 1Ch 23:19
  4. 24:26 Or Mushi; Jaaziah’s sons: Beno.
  5. 24:27 Or sons, Jaaziah: Beno,
  6. 24:30 Lit the house of their fathers
  7. 25:3 One Hb ms, LXX; other Hb mss omit Shimei
  8. 25:5 Lit by the words of God to lift a horn
  9. 25:9 LXX; MT lacks his sons, and his relatives—12
  10. 25:11 Variant of Zeri
  11. 25:18 Variant of Uzziel
  12. 26:6 Lit the house of their fathers, also in v. 13
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Romans 4:1-12

Abraham Justified by Faith

What then will we say that Abraham, our forefather(A) according to the flesh, has found?[a] If Abraham was justified[b] by works,(B) he has something to boast about—but not before God. For what does the Scripture say? Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him for righteousness.[c](C) Now to the one who works,(D) pay is not credited as a gift, but as something owed. But to the one who does not work, but believes on him who declares the ungodly to be righteous,(E) his faith is credited for righteousness.

David Celebrating the Same Truth

Just as David also speaks of the blessing of the person to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:

Blessed are those whose lawless acts are forgiven
and whose sins are covered.
Blessed is the person
the Lord will never charge with sin.[d](F)

Abraham Justified before Circumcision

Is this blessing only for the circumcised,(G) then? Or is it also for the uncircumcised? For we say, Faith was credited to Abraham for righteousness.[e](H) 10 In what way then was it credited—while he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? It was not while he was circumcised, but uncircumcised. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision(I) as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith[f](J) while still uncircumcised. This was to make him the father(K) of all who believe(L) but are not circumcised, so that righteousness may be credited to them also. 12 And he became the father of the circumcised, who are not only circumcised but who also follow in the footsteps of the faith our father Abraham had while he was still uncircumcised.


  1. 4:1 Or What then shall we say? Have we found Abraham to be our forefather according to the flesh?or What, then, shall we say that Abraham our forefather found according to the flesh?
  2. 4:2 Or was declared righteous, or was acquitted
  3. 4:3 Gn 15:6
  4. 4:7-8 Ps 32:1-2
  5. 4:9 Gn 15:6
  6. 4:11 Lit righteousness of faith, also in v. 13
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Psalm 13

Psalm 13

A Plea for Deliverance

For the choir director. A psalm of David.

How long, Lord? Will you forget me forever?
How long will you hide your face from me?(A)
How long will I store up anxious concerns[a] within me,
agony in my mind every day?
How long will my enemy dominate me?(B)

Consider me and answer, Lord my God.
Restore brightness to my eyes;(C)
otherwise, I will sleep in death.
My enemy will say, “I have triumphed over him,”
and my foes will rejoice because I am shaken.(D)

But I have trusted in your faithful love;(E)
my heart will rejoice in your deliverance.(F)
I will sing to the Lord
because he has treated me generously.(G)


  1. 13:2 Or up counsels
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Proverbs 19:15-16

15 Laziness induces deep sleep,
and a lazy person will go hungry.(A)

16 The one who keeps commands preserves himself;(B)
one who disregards[a] his ways will die.(C)


  1. 19:16 Or despises, or treats lightly
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday July 16, 2018 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 22-23

22 Then David said, “This is the house of the Lord God, and this is the altar of burnt offering for Israel.”(A)

David’s Preparations for the Temple

So David gave orders to gather the resident aliens that were in the land of Israel,(B) and he appointed stonecutters to cut finished stones for building God’s house.(C) David supplied a great deal of iron to make the nails for the doors of the gates and for the fittings, together with an immeasurable quantity of bronze,(D) and innumerable cedar logs because the Sidonians and Tyrians had brought a large quantity of cedar logs to David.(E) David said, “My son Solomon is young and inexperienced, and the house that is to be built for the Lord must be exceedingly great and famous and glorious in all the lands.(F) Therefore, I will make provision for it.” So David made lavish preparations for it before his death.

Then he summoned his son Solomon and charged him to build a house for the Lord God of Israel. “My son,” David said to Solomon, “It was in my heart to build a house for the name of the Lord my God,(G) but the word of the Lord came to me: ‘You have shed much blood and waged great wars. You are not to build a house for my name because you have shed so much blood on the ground before me.(H) But a son will be born to you; he will be a man of rest. I will give him rest from all his surrounding enemies,(I) for his name will be Solomon,[a](J) and I will give peace and quiet to Israel during his reign.(K) 10 He is the one who will build a house for my name. He will be my son, and I will be his father. I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever.’(L)

11 “Now, my son, may the Lord be with you,(M) and may you succeed in building the house of the Lord your God, as he said about you. 12 Above all, may the Lord give you insight and understanding when he puts you in charge of Israel so that you may keep the law of the Lord your God.(N) 13 Then you will succeed if you carefully follow the statutes and ordinances the Lord commanded Moses for Israel.(O) Be strong and courageous. Don’t be afraid or discouraged.(P)

14 “Notice I have taken great pains to provide for the house of the Lord—3,775 tons of gold, 37,750 tons of silver,[b](Q) and bronze and iron that can’t be weighed because there is so much of it. I have also provided timber and stone, but you will need to add more to them. 15 You also have many workers: stonecutters, masons, carpenters, and people skilled in every kind of work 16 in gold, silver, bronze, and iron—beyond number. Now begin the work, and may the Lord be with you.”(R)

17 Then David ordered all the leaders of Israel to help his son Solomon: 18 “The Lord your God is with you, isn’t he? And hasn’t he given you rest on every side?(S) For he has handed the land’s inhabitants over to me, and the land has been subdued before the Lord and his people. 19 Now determine in your mind and heart to seek the Lord your God.(T) Get started building the Lord God’s sanctuary so that you may bring the ark of the Lord’s covenant and the holy articles of God to the temple that is to be built(U) for the name of the Lord.”(V)

The Divisions of the Levites

23 When David was old and full of days,(W) he installed his son Solomon as king over Israel.(X) Then he gathered all the leaders of Israel, the priests, and the Levites. The Levites thirty years old or more were counted;(Y) the total number of men was thirty-eight thousand by headcount.(Z) “Of these,” David said, “twenty-four thousand are to be in charge of the work on the Lord’s temple,(AA) six thousand are to be officers and judges,(AB) four thousand are to be gatekeepers, and four thousand are to praise the Lord with the instruments that I have made for worship.”(AC)

Then David divided them into divisions according to Levi’s sons:(AD) Gershom,[c] Kohath, and Merari.

The Gershonites: Ladan and Shimei.

Ladan’s sons: Jehiel was the first, then Zetham, and Joel—three.

Shimei’s sons: Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran—three. Those were the heads of the families of Ladan.

10 Shimei’s sons: Jahath, Zizah,[d] Jeush, and Beriah. Those were Shimei’s sons—four. 11 Jahath was the first and Zizah was the second; however, Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, so they became one family[e] and received a single assignment.

12 Kohath’s sons: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel—four.

13 Amram’s sons:(AE) Aaron and Moses.

Aaron, along with his descendants,(AF) was set apart forever to consecrate the most holy things, to burn incense in the presence of the Lord,(AG) to minister to him, and to pronounce blessings in his name forever. 14 As for Moses the man of God,(AH) his sons were named among the tribe of Levi.

15 Moses’s sons: Gershom and Eliezer.

16 Gershom’s sons: Shebuel was first.

17 Eliezer’s sons were Rehabiah, first; Eliezer did not have any other sons, but Rehabiah’s sons were very numerous.

18 Izhar’s sons: Shelomith was first.

19 Hebron’s sons: Jeriah was first, Amariah second, Jahaziel third, and Jekameam fourth.

20 Uzziel’s sons: Micah was first, and Isshiah second.

21 Merari’s sons: Mahli and Mushi.

Mahli’s sons: Eleazar and Kish.

22 Eleazar died having no sons, only daughters. Their cousins, the sons of Kish, married them.

23 Mushi’s sons: Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth—three.

24 These were the descendants of Levi by their ancestral families[f]—the family heads, according to their registration by name in the headcount—twenty years old or more, who worked in the service of the Lord’s temple.(AI) 25 For David said, “The Lord God of Israel has given rest to his people,(AJ) and he has come to stay in Jerusalem forever. 26 Also, the Levites no longer need to carry the tabernacle or any of the equipment for its service”(AK) 27 for according to the last words of David, the Levites twenty years old or more were to be counted— 28 “but their duty will be to assist the descendants of Aaron with the service of the Lord’s temple, being responsible for the courts and the chambers, the purification of all the holy things, and the work of the service of God’s temple— 29 as well as the rows of the Bread of the Presence,(AL) the fine flour for the grain offering,(AM) the wafers of unleavened bread, the baking,[g](AN) the mixing,(AO) and all measurements of volume and length.(AP) 30 They are also to stand every morning to give thanks and praise to the Lord, and likewise in the evening. 31 Whenever burnt offerings are offered to the Lord on the Sabbaths, New Moons,(AQ) and appointed festivals, they are to offer them regularly in the Lord’s presence according to the number prescribed for them.(AR) 32 They are to carry out their responsibilities for the tent of meeting, for the holy place,(AS) and for their relatives, the descendants of Aaron,(AT) in the service of the Lord’s temple.”


  1. 22:9 In Hb, the name Solomon sounds like “peace.”
  2. 22:14 Lit 100,000 talents of gold and 1,000,000 talents of silver
  3. 23:6 Lit Gershon
  4. 23:10 LXX, Vg; MT reads Zina
  5. 23:11 Lit a father’s house
  6. 23:24 Lit the house of their fathers
  7. 23:29 Lit the griddle
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Romans 3:9-31

The Whole World Guilty before God

What then? Are we any better off?[a] Not at all! For we have already charged that both Jews(A) and Gentiles[b](B) are all under sin,[c](C) 10 as it is written:

There is no one righteous, not even one.
11 There is no one who understands;
there is no one who seeks God.
12 All have turned away;
all alike have become worthless.
There is no one who does what is good,
not even one.[d](D)
13 Their throat is an open grave;
they deceive with their tongues.[e](E)
Vipers’ venom is under their lips.[f](F)
14 Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.[g](G)
15 Their feet are swift to shed blood;
16 ruin and wretchedness are in their paths,
17 and the path of peace they have not known.[h](H)
18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.[i](I)

19 Now we know that whatever the law says,(J) it speaks to those who are subject to the law,[j](K) so that every mouth may be shut and the whole world may become subject to God’s judgment.[k](L) 20 For no one will be justified[l] in his sight by the works of the law,(M) because the knowledge of sin comes through the law.(N)

The Righteousness of God through Faith

21 But now, apart from the law, the righteousness of God has been revealed,(O) attested by the Law and the Prophets.[m](P) 22 The righteousness of God is through faith(Q) in Jesus Christ[n](R) to all who believe,(S) since there is no distinction.(T) 23 For all have sinned(U) and fall short of the[o] glory of God. 24 They are justified freely by his grace(V) through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.(W) 25 God presented him as an atoning sacrifice[p](X) in his blood,(Y) received through faith, to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his restraint God(Z) passed over the sins previously committed.(AA) 26 God presented him to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so that he would be righteous and declare righteous[q] the one who has faith in Jesus.

Boasting Excluded

27 Where, then, is boasting?(AB) It is excluded. By what kind of law?[r](AC) By one of works? No, on the contrary, by a law[s] of faith. 28 For we conclude that a person is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.(AD) 29 Or is God the God of Jews only?(AE) Is he not the God of Gentiles too? Yes, of Gentiles too, 30 since there is one God(AF) who will justify the circumcised by faith(AG) and the uncircumcised through faith. 31 Do we then nullify the law through faith? Absolutely not!(AH) On the contrary, we uphold the law.(AI)


  1. 3:9 Are we Jews any better than the Gentiles?
  2. 3:9 Lit Greeks
  3. 3:9 Under sin’s power or dominion
  4. 3:10-12 Ps 14:1-3; 53:1-3; Ec 7:20
  5. 3:13 Ps 5:9
  6. 3:13 Ps 140:3
  7. 3:14 Ps 10:7
  8. 3:15-17 Is 59:7-8
  9. 3:18 Ps 36:1
  10. 3:19 Lit those in the law
  11. 3:19 Or become guilty before God, or may be accountable to God
  12. 3:20 Or will be declared righteous, or will be acquitted
  13. 3:21 When capitalized, the Law and the Prophets = OT
  14. 3:22 Or through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ
  15. 3:23 Or and lack the
  16. 3:25 Or a propitiation, or a place of atonement
  17. 3:26 Or and justify, or and acquit
  18. 3:27 Or what principle?
  19. 3:27 Or a principle
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Psalm 12

Psalm 12

Oppression by the Wicked

For the choir director: according to Sheminith.(A) A psalm of David.

Help, Lord, for no faithful one remains;
the loyal have disappeared from the human race.[a](B)
They lie to one another;
they speak with flattering lips and deceptive hearts.(C)
May the Lord cut off all flattering lips
and the tongue that speaks boastfully.(D)
They say, “Through our tongues we have power;
our lips are our own—who can be our master?”(E)

“Because of the devastation of the needy
and the groaning of the poor,
I will now rise up,” says the Lord.
“I will provide safety for the one who longs for it.”(F)

The words of the Lord are pure words,
like silver refined in an earthen furnace,
purified seven times.(G)

You, Lord, will guard us;[b]
you will protect us[c] from this generation forever.(H)
The wicked prowl[d] all around,
and what is worthless is exalted by the human race.(I)


  1. 12:1 Or the descendants of Adam, also in v. 8
  2. 12:7 Some Hb mss, LXX, Jer; other Hb mss read them
  3. 12:7 Some Hb mss, LXX; other Hb mss read him
  4. 12:8 Lit walk about
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Proverbs 19:13-14

13 A foolish son is his father’s ruin,(A)
and a wife’s nagging is an endless dripping.(B)

14 A house and wealth are inherited from fathers,(C)
but a prudent wife is from the Lord.

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday July 15, 2018 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 19-21

War with the Ammonites

19 Some time later,(A) King Nahash of the Ammonites died, and his son became king in his place. Then David said, “I’ll show kindness to Hanun son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me.”

So David sent messengers to console him concerning his father. However, when David’s emissaries arrived in the land of the Ammonites to console him, the Ammonite leaders said to Hanun, “Just because David has sent men with condolences for you, do you really believe he’s showing respect for your father? Instead, haven’t his emissaries come in order to scout out, overthrow, and spy on the land?” So Hanun took David’s emissaries, shaved them, cut their clothes in half at the hips, and sent them away.(B)

It was reported to David about his men, so he sent messengers to meet them, since the men were deeply humiliated. The king said, “Stay in Jericho until your beards grow back; then return.”

When the Ammonites realized(C) they had made themselves repulsive to David, Hanun and the Ammonites sent thirty-eight tons[a] of silver to hire chariots and horsemen from Aram-naharaim, Aram-maacah, and Zobah.(D) They hired thirty-two thousand chariots and the king of Maacah with his army, who came and camped near Medeba.(E) The Ammonites also came together from their cities for the battle.

David heard about this and sent Joab and all the elite troops. The Ammonites marched out and lined up in battle formation at the entrance of the city while the kings who had come were in the field by themselves. 10 When Joab saw that there was a battle line in front of him and another behind him, he chose some of Israel’s finest young men[b](F) and lined up in formation to engage the Arameans. 11 He placed the rest of the forces under the command of his brother Abishai. They lined up in formation to engage the Ammonites.

12 “If the Arameans are too strong for me,” Joab said, “then you’ll be my help. However, if the Ammonites are too strong for you, I’ll help you. 13 Be strong! Let’s prove ourselves strong for our people and for the cities of our God.(G) May the Lord’s will be done.”[c]

14 Joab and the people with him approached the Arameans for battle, and they fled before him. 15 When the Ammonites saw that the Arameans had fled, they likewise fled before Joab’s brother Abishai and entered the city. Then Joab went to Jerusalem.

16 When the Arameans realized that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers to summon the Arameans who were beyond the Euphrates River. They were led by Shophach, the commander of Hadadezer’s army.

17 When this was reported to David, he gathered all Israel and crossed the Jordan. He came up to the Arameans and lined up against them. When David lined up to engage them, they fought against him. 18 But the Arameans fled before Israel, and David killed seven thousand of their charioteers and forty thousand foot soldiers. He also killed Shophach, commander of the army. 19 When Hadadezer’s subjects saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they made peace with David and became his subjects. After this, the Arameans were never willing to help the Ammonites again.

Capture of the City of Rabbah

20 In the spring[d] when kings march out to war,(H) Joab led the army and destroyed the Ammonites’ land. He came to Rabbah and besieged it, but David remained in Jerusalem.(I) Joab attacked Rabbah and demolished it. Then David took the crown from the head of their king,[e][f](J) and it was placed on David’s head. He found that the crown weighed seventy-five pounds[g] of gold, and there was a precious stone in it. In addition, David took away a large quantity of plunder from the city. He brought out the people who were in it and put them to work with saws,[h] iron picks, and axes.[i](K) David did the same to all the Ammonite cities. Then he and all his troops returned to Jerusalem.

The Philistine Giants

After this,(L) a war broke out with the Philistines at Gezer. At that time Sibbecai the Hushathite killed Sippai, a descendant of the Rephaim,[j](M) and the Philistines were subdued.

Once again there was a battle with the Philistines, and Elhanan son of Jair killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath of Gath. The shaft of his spear was like a weaver’s beam.(N)

There was still another battle at Gath where there was a man of extraordinary stature with six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot—twenty-four in all. He, too, was descended from the giant.[k] When he taunted Israel, Jonathan son of David’s brother Shimei killed him.

These were the descendants of the giant in Gath killed by David and his soldiers.

David’s Military Census

21 Satan[l](O) rose up against Israel and incited David(P) to count the people of Israel. So David said to Joab and the commanders of the troops, “Go and count Israel from Beer-sheba to Dan and bring a report to me so I can know their number.”(Q)

Joab replied, “May the Lord multiply the number of his people a hundred times over!(R) My lord the king, aren’t they all my lord’s servants? Why does my lord want to do this? Why should he bring guilt on Israel?”

Yet the king’s order prevailed over Joab. So Joab left and traveled throughout Israel and then returned to Jerusalem. Joab gave the total troop registration to David. In all Israel there were one million one hundred thousand armed men[m] and in Judah itself four hundred seventy thousand armed men. But he did not include Levi and Benjamin in the count because the king’s command was detestable to him. This command was also evil in God’s sight, so he afflicted Israel.

David said to God, “I have sinned greatly because I have done this thing. Now, please take away your servant’s guilt, for I’ve been very foolish.”(S)

David’s Punishment

Then(T) the Lord instructed Gad,(U) David’s seer,(V) 10 “Go and say to David, ‘This is what the Lord says: I am offering you three choices. Choose one of them for yourself, and I will do it to you.’”

11 So Gad went to David and said to him, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Take your choice: 12 three years of famine, or three months of devastation by your foes with the sword of your enemy overtaking you, or three days of the sword of the Lord—a plague on the land, the angel of the Lord bringing destruction to the whole territory of Israel.’ Now decide what answer I should take back to the one who sent me.”

13 David answered Gad, “I’m in anguish. Please, let me fall into the Lord’s hands because his mercies are very great,(W) but don’t let me fall into human hands.”

14 So the Lord sent a plague on Israel, and seventy thousand Israelite men died. 15 Then God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it, but when the angel was about to destroy the city,[n] the Lord looked, relented concerning the destruction,(X) and said to the angel who was destroying the people, “Enough, withdraw your hand now!” The angel of the Lord was then standing at the threshing floor of Ornan[o] the Jebusite.

16 When David looked up and saw the angel of the Lord standing between earth and heaven, with his drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem, David and the elders, clothed in sackcloth,(Y) fell facedown. 17 David said to God, “Wasn’t I the one who gave the order to count the people? I am the one who has sinned and acted very wickedly. But these sheep, what have they done? Lord my God, please let your hand be against me and against my father’s family, but don’t let the plague be against your people.”

David’s Altar

18 So the angel of the Lord ordered Gad(Z) to tell David to go and set up an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.(AA) 19 David went up at Gad’s command spoken in the name of the Lord.

20 Ornan was threshing wheat when he turned and saw the angel. His four sons, who were with him, hid. 21 David came to Ornan, and when Ornan looked and saw David, he left the threshing floor and bowed to David with his face to the ground.

22 Then David said to Ornan, “Give me this threshing-floor plot so that I may build an altar to the Lord on it. Give it to me for the full price, so the plague on the people may be stopped.”

23 Ornan said to David, “Take it! My lord the king may do whatever he wants.[p] See, I give the oxen for the burnt offerings, the threshing sledges for the wood, and the wheat for the grain offering—I give it all.”

24 King David answered Ornan, “No, I insist on paying the full price, for I will not take for the Lord what belongs to you or offer burnt offerings that cost me nothing.”

25 So David gave Ornan fifteen pounds of gold[q] for the plot. 26 He built an altar to the Lord there and offered burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. He called on the Lord, and he answered him with fire from heaven on the altar of burnt offering.(AB)

27 Then the Lord spoke to the angel, and he put his sword back into its sheath. 28 At that time, David offered sacrifices there when he saw that the Lord answered him at the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. 29 The tabernacle of the Lord, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were at the high place in Gibeon,(AC) 30 but David could not go before it to inquire of God, because he was terrified of the sword of the Lord’s angel.


  1. 19:6 Lit 1,000 talents
  2. 19:10 Lit Israel’s choice ones
  3. 19:13 Lit the Lord do what is good in his eyes
  4. 20:1 Lit At the time of the return of the year
  5. 20:2 LXX, Vg read of Milcom
  6. 20:2 = Molech; 1Kg 11:5,7
  7. 20:2 Lit a talent
  8. 20:3 Text emended; MT reads and sawed them with the saw; 2Sm 12:31
  9. 20:3 Text emended; MT reads saws; 2Sm 12:31
  10. 20:4 Or the Rephaites
  11. 20:6 Or Raphah, also in v. 8
  12. 21:1 Or An adversary; Jb 1:6; Zch 3:1-2
  13. 21:5 Lit men drawing the sword
  14. 21:15 Lit but as he was destroying
  15. 21:15-28 = Araunah in 2Sm 24:16-24
  16. 21:23 Lit do what is good in his eyes
  17. 21:25 Lit 600 shekels of gold by weight
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Romans 2:25-3:8

Circumcision of the Heart

25 Circumcision benefits you if you observe the law, but if you are a lawbreaker, your circumcision has become uncircumcision.(A) 26 So if an uncircumcised(B) man keeps the law’s requirements,(C) will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? 27 A man who is physically uncircumcised, but who keeps the law, will judge you(D) who are a lawbreaker in spite of having the letter of the law and circumcision. 28 For a person is not a Jew who is one outwardly,(E) and true circumcision is not something visible in the flesh. 29 On the contrary, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly,(F) and circumcision is of the heart—by the Spirit, not the letter.[a](G) That person’s praise is not from people but from God.(H)

Paul Answers an Objection

So what advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? Considerable in every way. First, they were entrusted(I) with the very words of God.(J) What then? If some were unfaithful,(K) will their unfaithfulness nullify God’s faithfulness? Absolutely not!(L) Let God be true, even though everyone is a liar,(M) as it is written:

That you may be justified in your words
and triumph when you judge.[b](N)

But if our unrighteousness highlights[c] God’s righteousness,(O) what are we to say?(P) I am using a human argument:[d](Q) Is God unrighteous to inflict wrath? Absolutely not! Otherwise, how will God judge the world?(R) But if by my lie God’s truth abounds to his glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner?(S) And why not say, just as some people slanderously claim we say, “Let us do what is evil so that good may come”?(T) Their condemnation is deserved!


  1. 2:29 Or heart—spiritually, not literally
  2. 3:4 Ps 51:4
  3. 3:5 Or shows, or demonstrates
  4. 3:5 Lit I speak as a man
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Psalm 11

Psalm 11

Refuge in the Lord

For the choir director. Of David.

I have taken refuge in the Lord.(A)
How can you say to me,
“Escape to the mountains[a] like a bird!(B)
For look, the wicked string bows;
they put their arrows on bowstrings
to shoot from the shadows at the upright in heart.(C)
When the foundations are destroyed,
what can the righteous do?”(D)

The Lord is in his holy temple;(E)
the Lord—his throne is in heaven.(F)
His eyes watch;
his gaze[b] examines everyone.[c]
The Lord examines the righteous,
but he hates the wicked
and[d] those who love violence.(G)
Let him rain burning coals[e] and sulfur on the wicked;
let a scorching wind be the portion in their cup.(H)
For the Lord is righteous; he loves righteous deeds.
The upright will see his face.(I)


  1. 11:1 Lit your mountain
  2. 11:4 Lit eyelids
  3. 11:4 Or examines the descendants of Adam
  4. 11:5 Or righteous and the wicked, and he hates
  5. 11:6 Sym; MT reads rain snares, fire
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Proverbs 19:10-12

10 Luxury is not appropriate for a fool—(A)
how much less for a slave to rule over princes!(B)

11 A person’s insight gives him patience,(C)
and his virtue is to overlook an offense.(D)

12 A king’s rage is like the roaring of a lion,(E)
but his favor is like dew on the grass.(F)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday July 14, 2018 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 16:37-18:17

37 David left Asaph and his associates before the ark of the covenant of the Lord to minister there regularly, according to each day’s requirements.(A) 38 He also left Obed-Edom(B) and his sixty-eight associates to minister with them. Obed-Edom son of Jeduthun, and also Hosah,(C) were gatekeepers.

39 David left Zadok(D) the priest and his fellow priests before the tabernacle of the Lord at the high place in Gibeon(E) 40 to present burnt offerings to the Lord on the altar of burnt offering regularly, morning and evening, in accordance with everything written in the Law(F) of the Lord, which he had given Israel. 41 With them were Heman(G) and Jeduthun and the rest of those chosen and designated by name to give thanks to the Lord, “for his love endures forever.” 42 Heman and Jeduthun were responsible for the sounding of the trumpets and cymbals and for the playing of the other instruments for sacred song.(H) The sons of Jeduthun(I) were stationed at the gate.

43 Then all the people left, each for their own home, and David returned home to bless his family.

God’s Promise to David(J)

17 After David was settled in his palace, he said to Nathan the prophet, “Here I am, living in a house of cedar, while the ark of the covenant of the Lord is under a tent.(K)

Nathan replied to David, “Whatever you have in mind,(L) do it, for God is with you.”

But that night the word of God came to Nathan, saying:

“Go and tell my servant David, ‘This is what the Lord says: You(M) are not the one to build me a house to dwell in. I have not dwelt in a house from the day I brought Israel up out of Egypt to this day. I have moved from one tent site to another, from one dwelling place to another. Wherever I have moved with all the Israelites, did I ever say to any of their leaders[a] whom I commanded to shepherd my people, “Why have you not built me a house of cedar?(N)”’

“Now then, tell my servant David, ‘This is what the Lord Almighty says: I took you from the pasture, from tending the flock, and appointed you ruler(O) over my people Israel. I have been with you wherever you have gone, and I have cut off all your enemies from before you. Now I will make your name like the names of the greatest men on earth. And I will provide a place for my people Israel and will plant them so that they can have a home of their own and no longer be disturbed. Wicked people will not oppress them anymore, as they did at the beginning 10 and have done ever since the time I appointed leaders(P) over my people Israel. I will also subdue all your enemies.

“‘I declare to you that the Lord will build a house for you: 11 When your days are over and you go to be with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, one of your own sons, and I will establish his kingdom. 12 He is the one who will build(Q) a house for me, and I will establish his throne forever.(R) 13 I will be his father,(S) and he will be my son.(T) I will never take my love away from him, as I took it away from your predecessor. 14 I will set him over my house and my kingdom forever; his throne(U) will be established forever.(V)’”

15 Nathan reported to David all the words of this entire revelation.

David’s Prayer(W)

16 Then King David went in and sat before the Lord, and he said:

“Who am I, Lord God, and what is my family, that you have brought me this far? 17 And as if this were not enough in your sight, my God, you have spoken about the future of the house of your servant. You, Lord God, have looked on me as though I were the most exalted of men.

18 “What more can David say to you for honoring your servant? For you know your servant, 19 Lord. For the sake(X) of your servant and according to your will, you have done this great thing and made known all these great promises.(Y)

20 “There is no one like you, Lord, and there is no God but you,(Z) as we have heard with our own ears. 21 And who is like your people Israel—the one nation on earth whose God went out to redeem(AA) a people for himself, and to make a name for yourself, and to perform great and awesome wonders by driving out nations from before your people, whom you redeemed from Egypt? 22 You made your people Israel your very own forever,(AB) and you, Lord, have become their God.

23 “And now, Lord, let the promise(AC) you have made concerning your servant and his house be established forever. Do as you promised, 24 so that it will be established and that your name will be great forever. Then people will say, ‘The Lord Almighty, the God over Israel, is Israel’s God!’ And the house of your servant David will be established before you.

25 “You, my God, have revealed to your servant that you will build a house for him. So your servant has found courage to pray to you. 26 You, Lord, are God! You have promised these good things to your servant. 27 Now you have been pleased to bless the house of your servant, that it may continue forever in your sight;(AD) for you, Lord, have blessed it, and it will be blessed forever.”

David’s Victories(AE)

18 In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Gath and its surrounding villages from the control of the Philistines.

David also defeated the Moabites,(AF) and they became subject to him and brought him tribute.

Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah,(AG) in the vicinity of Hamath, when he went to set up his monument at[b] the Euphrates River.(AH) David captured a thousand of his chariots, seven thousand charioteers and twenty thousand foot soldiers. He hamstrung(AI) all but a hundred of the chariot horses.

When the Arameans of Damascus(AJ) came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them. He put garrisons in the Aramean kingdom of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to him and brought him tribute. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.

David took the gold shields carried by the officers of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem. From Tebah[c] and Kun, towns that belonged to Hadadezer, David took a great quantity of bronze, which Solomon used to make the bronze Sea,(AK) the pillars and various bronze articles.

When Tou king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer king of Zobah, 10 he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and congratulate him on his victory in battle over Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold, of silver and of bronze.

11 King David dedicated these articles to the Lord, as he had done with the silver and gold he had taken from all these nations: Edom(AL) and Moab, the Ammonites and the Philistines, and Amalek.(AM)

12 Abishai son of Zeruiah struck down eighteen thousand Edomites(AN) in the Valley of Salt. 13 He put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became subject to David. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.

David’s Officials(AO)

14 David reigned(AP) over all Israel,(AQ) doing what was just and right for all his people. 15 Joab(AR) son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder; 16 Zadok(AS) son of Ahitub and Ahimelek[d](AT) son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was secretary; 17 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and Pelethites;(AU) and David’s sons were chief officials at the king’s side.


  1. 1 Chronicles 17:6 Traditionally judges; also in verse 10
  2. 1 Chronicles 18:3 Or to restore his control over
  3. 1 Chronicles 18:8 Hebrew Tibhath, a variant of Tebah
  4. 1 Chronicles 18:16 Some Hebrew manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also 2 Samuel 8:17); most Hebrew manuscripts Abimelek

Cross references:

  1. 1 Chronicles 16:37 : 2Ch 8:14
  2. 1 Chronicles 16:38 : S 1Ch 13:13; 26:4-5
  3. 1 Chronicles 16:38 : 1Ch 26:10
  4. 1 Chronicles 16:39 : S 1Sa 2:35; S 2Sa 8:17; S 1Ch 12:28
  5. 1 Chronicles 16:39 : S Jos 9:3; 2Ch 1:3
  6. 1 Chronicles 16:40 : S Ex 29:38; Nu 28:1-8
  7. 1 Chronicles 16:41 : S 1Ch 15:19
  8. 1 Chronicles 16:42 : 2Ch 7:6
  9. 1 Chronicles 16:42 : 1Ch 25:3
  10. 1 Chronicles 17:1 : 17:1-15pp — 2Sa 7:1-17
  11. 1 Chronicles 17:1 : S 1Ch 15:1
  12. 1 Chronicles 17:2 : 1Ch 22:7; 28:2; 2Ch 6:7
  13. 1 Chronicles 17:4 : 1Ch 22:10; 28:3
  14. 1 Chronicles 17:6 : S 1Ch 14:1
  15. 1 Chronicles 17:7 : S 2Sa 6:21
  16. 1 Chronicles 17:10 : S Jdg 2:16
  17. 1 Chronicles 17:12 : S 1Ki 5:5
  18. 1 Chronicles 17:12 : 1Ch 22:10; 2Ch 7:18; 13:5
  19. 1 Chronicles 17:13 : 2Co 6:18
  20. 1 Chronicles 17:13 : 1Ch 28:6; Lk 1:32; Heb 1:5*
  21. 1 Chronicles 17:14 : S 1Ki 2:12; 1Ch 28:5; 29:23; 2Ch 9:8
  22. 1 Chronicles 17:14 : Ps 132:11; Jer 33:17
  23. 1 Chronicles 17:16 : 17:16-27pp — 2Sa 7:18-29
  24. 1 Chronicles 17:19 : 2Sa 7:16-17; 2Ki 20:6; Isa 9:7; 37:35; 55:3
  25. 1 Chronicles 17:19 : S 2Sa 7:25
  26. 1 Chronicles 17:20 : S Ex 8:10; S 9:14; S 15:11; Isa 44:6; 46:9
  27. 1 Chronicles 17:21 : S Ex 6:6
  28. 1 Chronicles 17:22 : Ex 19:5-6
  29. 1 Chronicles 17:23 : S 1Ki 8:25
  30. 1 Chronicles 17:27 : Ps 16:11; 21:6
  31. 1 Chronicles 18:1 : 18:1-13pp — 2Sa 8:1-14
  32. 1 Chronicles 18:2 : S Nu 21:29
  33. 1 Chronicles 18:3 : 1Ch 19:6
  34. 1 Chronicles 18:3 : S Ge 2:14
  35. 1 Chronicles 18:4 : S Ge 49:6
  36. 1 Chronicles 18:5 : 2Ki 16:9
  37. 1 Chronicles 18:8 : S 1Ki 7:23; 2Ch 4:2-5
  38. 1 Chronicles 18:11 : S Nu 24:18
  39. 1 Chronicles 18:11 : Nu 24:20
  40. 1 Chronicles 18:12 : 1Ki 11:15
  41. 1 Chronicles 18:14 : 18:14-17pp — 2Sa 8:15-18
  42. 1 Chronicles 18:14 : 1Ch 29:26
  43. 1 Chronicles 18:14 : 1Ch 11:1
  44. 1 Chronicles 18:15 : 2Sa 5:6-8
  45. 1 Chronicles 18:16 : 1Ch 6:8
  46. 1 Chronicles 18:16 : 1Ch 24:6
  47. 1 Chronicles 18:17 : S 1Sa 30:14; S 2Sa 15:18
New International Version (NIV)

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Romans 2:1-24

God’s Righteous Judgment

You, therefore, have no excuse,(A) you who pass judgment on someone else, for at whatever point you judge another, you are condemning yourself, because you who pass judgment do the same things.(B) Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth. So when you, a mere human being, pass judgment on them and yet do the same things, do you think you will escape God’s judgment? Or do you show contempt for the riches(C) of his kindness,(D) forbearance(E) and patience,(F) not realizing that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?(G)

But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath(H), when his righteous judgment(I) will be revealed. God “will repay each person according to what they have done.”[a](J) To those who by persistence in doing good seek glory, honor(K) and immortality,(L) he will give eternal life.(M) But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil,(N) there will be wrath and anger.(O) There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil:(P) first for the Jew, then for the Gentile;(Q) 10 but glory, honor and peace for everyone who does good: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile.(R) 11 For God does not show favoritism.(S)

12 All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law(T) will be judged by the law. 13 For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in God’s sight, but it is those who obey(U) the law who will be declared righteous. 14 (Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law,(V) they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law. 15 They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and at other times even defending them.) 16 This will take place on the day when God judges people’s secrets(W) through Jesus Christ,(X) as my gospel(Y) declares.

The Jews and the Law

17 Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God;(Z) 18 if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law; 19 if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those who are in the dark, 20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of little children, because you have in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth— 21 you, then, who teach others, do you not teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal?(AA) 22 You who say that people should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples?(AB) 23 You who boast in the law,(AC) do you dishonor God by breaking the law? 24 As it is written: “God’s name is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.”[b](AD)


  1. Romans 2:6 Psalm 62:12; Prov. 24:12
  2. Romans 2:24 Isaiah 52:5 (see Septuagint); Ezek. 36:20,22
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Psalm 10:16-18

16 The Lord is King for ever and ever;(A)
the nations(B) will perish from his land.
17 You, Lord, hear the desire of the afflicted;(C)
you encourage them, and you listen to their cry,(D)
18 defending the fatherless(E) and the oppressed,(F)
so that mere earthly mortals
will never again strike terror.

New International Version (NIV)

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Proverbs 19:8-9

The one who gets wisdom loves life;
the one who cherishes understanding will soon prosper.(A)

A false witness will not go unpunished,
and whoever pours out lies will perish.(B)

New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday July 13, 2018 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 15:1-16:36

The Ark Brought to Jerusalem(A)

15 After David had constructed buildings for himself in the City of David, he prepared(B) a place for the ark of God and pitched(C) a tent for it. Then David said, “No one but the Levites(D) may carry(E) the ark of God, because the Lord chose them to carry the ark of the Lord and to minister(F) before him forever.”

David assembled all Israel(G) in Jerusalem to bring up the ark of the Lord to the place he had prepared for it. He called together the descendants of Aaron and the Levites:(H)

From the descendants of Kohath,

Uriel(I) the leader and 120 relatives;

from the descendants of Merari,

Asaiah the leader and 220 relatives;

from the descendants of Gershon,[a]

Joel the leader and 130 relatives;

from the descendants of Elizaphan,(J)

Shemaiah the leader and 200 relatives;

from the descendants of Hebron,(K)

Eliel the leader and 80 relatives;

10 from the descendants of Uzziel,

Amminadab the leader and 112 relatives.

11 Then David summoned Zadok(L) and Abiathar(M) the priests, and Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel and Amminadab the Levites. 12 He said to them, “You are the heads of the Levitical families; you and your fellow Levites are to consecrate(N) yourselves and bring up the ark of the Lord, the God of Israel, to the place I have prepared for it. 13 It was because you, the Levites,(O) did not bring it up the first time that the Lord our God broke out in anger against us.(P) We did not inquire of him about how to do it in the prescribed way.(Q) 14 So the priests and Levites consecrated themselves in order to bring up the ark of the Lord, the God of Israel. 15 And the Levites carried the ark of God with the poles on their shoulders, as Moses had commanded(R) in accordance with the word of the Lord.(S)

16 David(T) told the leaders of the Levites(U) to appoint their fellow Levites as musicians(V) to make a joyful sound with musical instruments: lyres, harps and cymbals.(W)

17 So the Levites appointed Heman(X) son of Joel; from his relatives, Asaph(Y) son of Berekiah; and from their relatives the Merarites,(Z) Ethan son of Kushaiah; 18 and with them their relatives next in rank: Zechariah,[b] Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom(AA) and Jeiel,[c] the gatekeepers.

19 The musicians Heman,(AB) Asaph and Ethan were to sound the bronze cymbals; 20 Zechariah, Jaaziel,[d] Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah and Benaiah were to play the lyres according to alamoth,[e] 21 and Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, Jeiel and Azaziah were to play the harps, directing according to sheminith.[f] 22 Kenaniah the head Levite was in charge of the singing; that was his responsibility because he was skillful at it.

23 Berekiah and Elkanah were to be doorkeepers for the ark. 24 Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah and Eliezer the priests were to blow trumpets(AC) before the ark of God. Obed-Edom and Jehiah were also to be doorkeepers for the ark.

25 So David and the elders of Israel and the commanders of units of a thousand went to bring up the ark(AD) of the covenant of the Lord from the house of Obed-Edom, with rejoicing. 26 Because God had helped the Levites who were carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord, seven bulls and seven rams(AE) were sacrificed. 27 Now David was clothed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and as were the musicians, and Kenaniah, who was in charge of the singing of the choirs. David also wore a linen ephod.(AF) 28 So all Israel(AG) brought up the ark of the covenant of the Lord with shouts,(AH) with the sounding of rams’ horns(AI) and trumpets, and of cymbals, and the playing of lyres and harps.

29 As the ark of the covenant of the Lord was entering the City of David, Michal daughter of Saul watched from a window. And when she saw King David dancing and celebrating, she despised him in her heart.

Ministering Before the Ark(AJ)(AK)(AL)

16 They brought the ark of God and set it inside the tent that David had pitched(AM) for it, and they presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings before God. After David had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, he blessed(AN) the people in the name of the Lord. Then he gave a loaf of bread, a cake of dates and a cake of raisins(AO) to each Israelite man and woman.

He appointed some of the Levites to minister(AP) before the ark of the Lord, to extol,[g] thank, and praise the Lord, the God of Israel: Asaph was the chief, and next to him in rank were Zechariah, then Jaaziel,[h] Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-Edom and Jeiel. They were to play the lyres and harps, Asaph was to sound the cymbals, and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests were to blow the trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God.

That day David first appointed Asaph and his associates to give praise(AQ) to the Lord in this manner:

Give praise(AR) to the Lord, proclaim his name;
make known among the nations(AS) what he has done.
Sing to him, sing praise(AT) to him;
tell of all his wonderful acts.
10 Glory in his holy name;(AU)
let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice.
11 Look to the Lord and his strength;
seek(AV) his face always.

12 Remember(AW) the wonders(AX) he has done,
his miracles,(AY) and the judgments he pronounced,
13 you his servants, the descendants of Israel,
his chosen ones, the children of Jacob.
14 He is the Lord our God;
his judgments(AZ) are in all the earth.

15 He remembers[i](BA) his covenant forever,
the promise he made, for a thousand generations,
16 the covenant(BB) he made with Abraham,
the oath he swore to Isaac.
17 He confirmed it to Jacob(BC) as a decree,
to Israel as an everlasting covenant:
18 “To you I will give the land of Canaan(BD)
as the portion you will inherit.”

19 When they were but few in number,(BE)
few indeed, and strangers in it,
20 they[j] wandered(BF) from nation to nation,
from one kingdom to another.
21 He allowed no one to oppress them;
for their sake he rebuked kings:(BG)
22 “Do not touch my anointed ones;
do my prophets(BH) no harm.”

23 Sing to the Lord, all the earth;
proclaim his salvation day after day.
24 Declare his glory(BI) among the nations,
his marvelous deeds among all peoples.

25 For great is the Lord and most worthy of praise;(BJ)
he is to be feared(BK) above all gods.(BL)
26 For all the gods of the nations are idols,
but the Lord made the heavens.(BM)
27 Splendor and majesty are before him;
strength and joy are in his dwelling place.

28 Ascribe to the Lord, all you families of nations,
ascribe to the Lord glory and strength.(BN)
29 Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his name;(BO)
bring an offering and come before him.
Worship the Lord in the splendor of his[k] holiness.(BP)
30 Tremble(BQ) before him, all the earth!
The world is firmly established; it cannot be moved.(BR)

31 Let the heavens rejoice, let the earth be glad;(BS)
let them say among the nations, “The Lord reigns!(BT)
32 Let the sea resound, and all that is in it;(BU)
let the fields be jubilant, and everything in them!
33 Let the trees(BV) of the forest sing,
let them sing for joy before the Lord,
for he comes to judge(BW) the earth.

34 Give thanks(BX) to the Lord, for he is good;(BY)
his love endures forever.(BZ)
35 Cry out, “Save us, God our Savior;(CA)
gather us and deliver us from the nations,
that we may give thanks to your holy name,
and glory in your praise.”
36 Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel,(CB)
from everlasting to everlasting.

Then all the people said “Amen” and “Praise the Lord.”


  1. 1 Chronicles 15:7 Hebrew Gershom, a variant of Gershon
  2. 1 Chronicles 15:18 Three Hebrew manuscripts and most Septuagint manuscripts (see also verse 20 and 16:5); most Hebrew manuscripts Zechariah son and or Zechariah, Ben and
  3. 1 Chronicles 15:18 Hebrew; Septuagint (see also verse 21) Jeiel and Azaziah
  4. 1 Chronicles 15:20 See verse 18; Hebrew Aziel, a variant of Jaaziel.
  5. 1 Chronicles 15:20 Probably a musical term
  6. 1 Chronicles 15:21 Probably a musical term
  7. 1 Chronicles 16:4 Or petition; or invoke
  8. 1 Chronicles 16:5 See 15:18,20; Hebrew Jeiel, possibly another name for Jaaziel.
  9. 1 Chronicles 16:15 Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Psalm 105:8); Hebrew Remember
  10. 1 Chronicles 16:20 One Hebrew manuscript, Septuagint and Vulgate (see also Psalm 105:12); most Hebrew manuscripts inherit, / 19 though you are but few in number, / few indeed, and strangers in it.” / 20 They
  11. 1 Chronicles 16:29 Or Lord with the splendor of

Cross references:

  1. 1 Chronicles 15:1 : 15:25–16:3pp — 2Sa 6:12-19
  2. 1 Chronicles 15:1 : Ps 132:1-18
  3. 1 Chronicles 15:1 : S 2Sa 6:17; 1Ch 16:1; 17:1
  4. 1 Chronicles 15:2 : S Nu 3:6; 4:15; Dt 10:8; 31:25; 2Ch 5:5
  5. 1 Chronicles 15:2 : S Dt 31:9
  6. 1 Chronicles 15:2 : 1Ch 16:4; 23:13; 2Ch 29:11; 31:2; Ps 134:1; 135:2
  7. 1 Chronicles 15:3 : S 1Ch 13:5
  8. 1 Chronicles 15:4 : S Nu 3:17-20
  9. 1 Chronicles 15:5 : 1Ch 6:24
  10. 1 Chronicles 15:8 : S Ex 6:22
  11. 1 Chronicles 15:9 : Ex 6:18
  12. 1 Chronicles 15:11 : S 1Ch 12:28
  13. 1 Chronicles 15:11 : S 1Sa 22:20
  14. 1 Chronicles 15:12 : S Ex 29:1; 30:19-21, 30; 40:31-32; S Lev 11:44
  15. 1 Chronicles 15:13 : 1Ki 8:4
  16. 1 Chronicles 15:13 : S 1Ch 13:7-10
  17. 1 Chronicles 15:13 : S Lev 5:10
  18. 1 Chronicles 15:15 : S Ex 25:14
  19. 1 Chronicles 15:15 : 2Sa 6:7
  20. 1 Chronicles 15:16 : 1Ch 6:31
  21. 1 Chronicles 15:16 : 2Ch 7:6
  22. 1 Chronicles 15:16 : Ezr 2:41; Ne 11:23; Ps 68:25
  23. 1 Chronicles 15:16 : S 1Ch 13:8; 23:5; 2Ch 29:26; Ne 12:27, 36; Job 21:12; Ps 150:5; Am 6:5
  24. 1 Chronicles 15:17 : S 1Ch 6:33
  25. 1 Chronicles 15:17 : 1Ch 6:39
  26. 1 Chronicles 15:17 : 1Ch 6:44
  27. 1 Chronicles 15:18 : S 2Sa 6:10; 1Ch 26:4-5
  28. 1 Chronicles 15:19 : 1Ch 16:41; 25:6
  29. 1 Chronicles 15:24 : 2Ch 5:12; 7:6; 29:26
  30. 1 Chronicles 15:25 : 2Ch 1:4; 5:2; Jer 3:16
  31. 1 Chronicles 15:26 : Nu 23:1-4, 29
  32. 1 Chronicles 15:27 : S 1Sa 2:18
  33. 1 Chronicles 15:28 : S 1Ch 9:1
  34. 1 Chronicles 15:28 : S 1Ki 1:39; Zec 4:7
  35. 1 Chronicles 15:28 : S Ex 19:13
  36. 1 Chronicles 16:1 : 16:8-22pp — Ps 105:1-15
  37. 1 Chronicles 16:1 : 16:23-33pp — Ps 96:1-13
  38. 1 Chronicles 16:1 : 16:34-36pp — Ps 106:1, 47-48
  39. 1 Chronicles 16:1 : S 1Ch 15:1
  40. 1 Chronicles 16:2 : S Ex 39:43; Nu 6:23-27
  41. 1 Chronicles 16:3 : Isa 16:7
  42. 1 Chronicles 16:4 : S 1Ch 15:2
  43. 1 Chronicles 16:7 : Ps 47:7
  44. 1 Chronicles 16:8 : ver 34; Ps 107:1; 118:1; 136:1
  45. 1 Chronicles 16:8 : S 2Ki 19:19
  46. 1 Chronicles 16:9 : S Ex 15:1; Ps 7:17
  47. 1 Chronicles 16:10 : Ps 8:1; 29:2; 66:2
  48. 1 Chronicles 16:11 : ver 10; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 7:14; 14:4; 15:2, 12; 16:12; 18:4; 20:4; 34:3; Ps 24:6; 27:8; 105:4; 119:2, 58; Pr 8:17
  49. 1 Chronicles 16:12 : Ps 77:11
  50. 1 Chronicles 16:12 : S Dt 4:34
  51. 1 Chronicles 16:12 : Ps 78:43
  52. 1 Chronicles 16:14 : Isa 4:4; 26:9
  53. 1 Chronicles 16:15 : S Ge 8:1; Ps 98:3; 111:5; 115:12; 136:23
  54. 1 Chronicles 16:16 : S Ge 12:7; S 15:18; 22:16-18
  55. 1 Chronicles 16:17 : Ge 35:9-12
  56. 1 Chronicles 16:18 : Ge 13:14-17
  57. 1 Chronicles 16:19 : Dt 7:7
  58. 1 Chronicles 16:20 : S Ge 20:13
  59. 1 Chronicles 16:21 : Ge 12:17; S 20:3; Ex 7:15-18; Ps 9:5
  60. 1 Chronicles 16:22 : S Ge 20:7
  61. 1 Chronicles 16:24 : Isa 42:12; 66:19
  62. 1 Chronicles 16:25 : Ps 18:3; 48:1
  63. 1 Chronicles 16:25 : Ps 76:7; 89:7
  64. 1 Chronicles 16:25 : Ex 18:11; Dt 32:39; 2Ch 2:5; Ps 135:5; Isa 40:25
  65. 1 Chronicles 16:26 : Ps 8:3; 102:25
  66. 1 Chronicles 16:28 : Ps 29:1-2
  67. 1 Chronicles 16:29 : Ps 8:1
  68. 1 Chronicles 16:29 : 2Ch 20:21; Ps 29:1-2
  69. 1 Chronicles 16:30 : Ps 2:11; 33:8; 76:8; 99:1; 114:7
  70. 1 Chronicles 16:30 : Ps 93:1
  71. 1 Chronicles 16:31 : Isa 44:23; 49:13
  72. 1 Chronicles 16:31 : Ps 9:7; 47:8; 93:1; 97:1; 99:1; 146:10; Isa 52:7; La 5:19
  73. 1 Chronicles 16:32 : Ex 20:11; Isa 42:10
  74. 1 Chronicles 16:33 : Isa 14:8; 55:12
  75. 1 Chronicles 16:33 : 1Sa 2:10; Ps 7:8; 96:10; 98:9; 110:6; Isa 2:4
  76. 1 Chronicles 16:34 : S ver 8; Ps 105:1; Isa 12:4
  77. 1 Chronicles 16:34 : Ps 25:7; 34:8; 100:5; 135:3; 145:9; Na 1:7
  78. 1 Chronicles 16:34 : 2Ch 5:13; 7:3; Ezr 3:11; Ps 136:1-26; Jer 33:11
  79. 1 Chronicles 16:35 : Dt 32:15; Ps 18:46; 38:22; Mic 7:7
  80. 1 Chronicles 16:36 : S 1Ki 8:15; Ps 72:18-19
New International Version (NIV)

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Romans 1:18-32

God’s Wrath Against Sinful Humanity

18 The wrath of God(A) is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, 19 since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them.(B) 20 For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made,(C) so that people are without excuse.(D)

21 For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened.(E) 22 Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools(F) 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images(G) made to look like a mortal human being and birds and animals and reptiles.

24 Therefore God gave them over(H) in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another.(I) 25 They exchanged the truth about God for a lie,(J) and worshiped and served created things(K) rather than the Creator—who is forever praised.(L) Amen.(M)

26 Because of this, God gave them over(N) to shameful lusts.(O) Even their women exchanged natural sexual relations for unnatural ones.(P) 27 In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their error.(Q)

28 Furthermore, just as they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over(R) to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done. 29 They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips,(S) 30 slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents;(T) 31 they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love,(U) no mercy. 32 Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death,(V) they not only continue to do these very things but also approve(W) of those who practice them.

New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 10:1-15

Psalm 10[a]

Why, Lord, do you stand far off?(A)
Why do you hide yourself(B) in times of trouble?

In his arrogance the wicked man hunts down the weak,(C)
who are caught in the schemes he devises.
He boasts(D) about the cravings of his heart;
he blesses the greedy and reviles the Lord.(E)
In his pride the wicked man does not seek him;
in all his thoughts there is no room for God.(F)
His ways are always prosperous;
your laws are rejected by[b] him;
he sneers at all his enemies.
He says to himself, “Nothing will ever shake me.”
He swears, “No one will ever do me harm.”(G)

His mouth is full(H) of lies and threats;(I)
trouble and evil are under his tongue.(J)
He lies in wait(K) near the villages;
from ambush he murders the innocent.(L)
His eyes watch in secret for his victims;
like a lion in cover he lies in wait.
He lies in wait to catch the helpless;(M)
he catches the helpless and drags them off in his net.(N)
10 His victims are crushed,(O) they collapse;
they fall under his strength.
11 He says to himself, “God will never notice;(P)
he covers his face and never sees.”(Q)

12 Arise,(R) Lord! Lift up your hand,(S) O God.
Do not forget the helpless.(T)
13 Why does the wicked man revile God?(U)
Why does he say to himself,
“He won’t call me to account”?(V)
14 But you, God, see the trouble(W) of the afflicted;
you consider their grief and take it in hand.
The victims commit themselves to you;(X)
you are the helper(Y) of the fatherless.
15 Break the arm of the wicked man;(Z)
call the evildoer to account for his wickedness
that would not otherwise be found out.


  1. Psalm 10:1 Psalms 9 and 10 may originally have been a single acrostic poem in which alternating lines began with the successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet. In the Septuagint they constitute one psalm.
  2. Psalm 10:5 See Septuagint; Hebrew / they are haughty, and your laws are far from
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Proverbs 19:6-7

Many curry favor with a ruler,(A)
and everyone is the friend of one who gives gifts.(B)

The poor are shunned by all their relatives—
how much more do their friends avoid them!(C)
Though the poor pursue them with pleading,
they are nowhere to be found.[a](D)


  1. Proverbs 19:7 The meaning of the Hebrew for this sentence is uncertain.
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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday July 12, 2018 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 12:19-14:17

19 Some of the tribe of Manasseh defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (He and his men did not help the Philistines because, after consultation, their rulers sent him away. They said, “It will cost us our heads if he deserts to his master Saul.”)(A) 20 When David went to Ziklag,(B) these were the men of Manasseh who defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, leaders of units of a thousand in Manasseh. 21 They helped David against raiding bands, for all of them were brave warriors, and they were commanders in his army. 22 Day after day men came to help David, until he had a great army, like the army of God.[a]

Others Join David at Hebron

23 These are the numbers of the men armed for battle who came to David at Hebron(C) to turn(D) Saul’s kingdom over to him, as the Lord had said:(E)

24 from Judah, carrying shield and spear—6,800 armed for battle;

25 from Simeon, warriors ready for battle—7,100;

26 from Levi—4,600, 27 including Jehoiada, leader of the family of Aaron, with 3,700 men, 28 and Zadok,(F) a brave young warrior, with 22 officers from his family;

29 from Benjamin,(G) Saul’s tribe—3,000, most(H) of whom had remained loyal to Saul’s house until then;

30 from Ephraim, brave warriors, famous in their own clans—20,800;

31 from half the tribe of Manasseh, designated by name to come and make David king—18,000;

32 from Issachar, men who understood the times and knew what Israel should do(I)—200 chiefs, with all their relatives under their command;

33 from Zebulun, experienced soldiers prepared for battle with every type of weapon, to help David with undivided loyalty—50,000;

34 from Naphtali—1,000 officers, together with 37,000 men carrying shields and spears;

35 from Dan, ready for battle—28,600;

36 from Asher, experienced soldiers prepared for battle—40,000;

37 and from east of the Jordan, from Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh, armed with every type of weapon—120,000.

38 All these were fighting men who volunteered to serve in the ranks. They came to Hebron fully determined to make David king over all Israel.(J) All the rest of the Israelites were also of one mind to make David king. 39 The men spent three days there with David, eating and drinking,(K) for their families had supplied provisions for them. 40 Also, their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun and Naphtali came bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules and oxen. There were plentiful supplies(L) of flour, fig cakes, raisin(M) cakes, wine, olive oil, cattle and sheep, for there was joy(N) in Israel.

Bringing Back the Ark(O)

13 David conferred with each of his officers, the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds. He then said to the whole assembly of Israel, “If it seems good to you and if it is the will of the Lord our God, let us send word far and wide to the rest of our people throughout the territories of Israel, and also to the priests and Levites who are with them in their towns and pasturelands, to come and join us. Let us bring the ark of our God back to us,(P) for we did not inquire(Q) of[b] it[c] during the reign of Saul.” The whole assembly agreed to do this, because it seemed right to all the people.

So David assembled all Israel,(R) from the Shihor River(S) in Egypt to Lebo Hamath,(T) to bring the ark of God from Kiriath Jearim.(U) David and all Israel went to Baalah(V) of Judah (Kiriath Jearim) to bring up from there the ark of God the Lord, who is enthroned between the cherubim(W)—the ark that is called by the Name.

They moved the ark of God from Abinadab’s(X) house on a new cart, with Uzzah and Ahio guiding it. David and all the Israelites were celebrating with all their might before God, with songs and with harps, lyres, timbrels, cymbals and trumpets.(Y)

When they came to the threshing floor of Kidon, Uzzah reached out his hand to steady the ark, because the oxen stumbled. 10 The Lord’s anger(Z) burned against Uzzah, and he struck him down(AA) because he had put his hand on the ark. So he died there before God.

11 Then David was angry because the Lord’s wrath had broken out against Uzzah, and to this day that place is called Perez Uzzah.[d](AB)

12 David was afraid of God that day and asked, “How can I ever bring the ark of God to me?” 13 He did not take the ark to be with him in the City of David. Instead, he took it to the house of Obed-Edom(AC) the Gittite. 14 The ark of God remained with the family of Obed-Edom in his house for three months, and the Lord blessed his household(AD) and everything he had.

David’s House and Family(AE)

14 Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs,(AF) stonemasons and carpenters to build a palace for him. And David knew that the Lord had established him as king over Israel and that his kingdom had been highly exalted(AG) for the sake of his people Israel.

In Jerusalem David took more wives and became the father of more sons(AH) and daughters. These are the names of the children born to him there:(AI) Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Beeliada[e] and Eliphelet.

David Defeats the Philistines(AJ)

When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel,(AK) they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went out to meet them. Now the Philistines had come and raided the Valley(AL) of Rephaim; 10 so David inquired of God: “Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hands?”

The Lord answered him, “Go, I will deliver them into your hands.”

11 So David and his men went up to Baal Perazim,(AM) and there he defeated them. He said, “As waters break out, God has broken out against my enemies by my hand.” So that place was called Baal Perazim.[f] 12 The Philistines had abandoned their gods there, and David gave orders to burn(AN) them in the fire.(AO)

13 Once more the Philistines raided the valley;(AP) 14 so David inquired of God again, and God answered him, “Do not go directly after them, but circle around them and attack them in front of the poplar trees. 15 As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the poplar trees, move out to battle, because that will mean God has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.” 16 So David did as God commanded him, and they struck down the Philistine army, all the way from Gibeon(AQ) to Gezer.(AR)

17 So David’s fame(AS) spread throughout every land, and the Lord made all the nations fear(AT) him.


  1. 1 Chronicles 12:22 Or a great and mighty army
  2. 1 Chronicles 13:3 Or we neglected
  3. 1 Chronicles 13:3 Or him
  4. 1 Chronicles 13:11 Perez Uzzah means outbreak against Uzzah.
  5. 1 Chronicles 14:7 A variant of Eliada
  6. 1 Chronicles 14:11 Baal Perazim means the lord who breaks out.

Cross references:

  1. 1 Chronicles 12:19 : 1Sa 29:2-11
  2. 1 Chronicles 12:20 : S 1Sa 27:6
  3. 1 Chronicles 12:23 : 2Sa 2:3-4
  4. 1 Chronicles 12:23 : 1Ch 10:14
  5. 1 Chronicles 12:23 : S 1Sa 16:1; 1Ch 11:10
  6. 1 Chronicles 12:28 : 1Ch 6:8; 15:11; 16:39; 27:17
  7. 1 Chronicles 12:29 : S 2Sa 3:19
  8. 1 Chronicles 12:29 : 2Sa 2:8-9
  9. 1 Chronicles 12:32 : Est 1:13
  10. 1 Chronicles 12:38 : S 1Ch 9:1
  11. 1 Chronicles 12:39 : 2Sa 3:20; Isa 25:6-8
  12. 1 Chronicles 12:40 : S 2Sa 16:1; 17:29
  13. 1 Chronicles 12:40 : 1Sa 25:18
  14. 1 Chronicles 12:40 : 1Ch 29:22
  15. 1 Chronicles 13:1 : 13:1-14pp — 2Sa 6:1-11
  16. 1 Chronicles 13:3 : 1Sa 7:1-2
  17. 1 Chronicles 13:3 : 2Ch 1:5
  18. 1 Chronicles 13:5 : 1Ch 11:1; 15:3
  19. 1 Chronicles 13:5 : S Jos 13:3
  20. 1 Chronicles 13:5 : S Nu 13:21
  21. 1 Chronicles 13:5 : S 1Sa 7:2
  22. 1 Chronicles 13:6 : S Jos 15:9
  23. 1 Chronicles 13:6 : S Ex 25:22; 2Ki 19:15
  24. 1 Chronicles 13:7 : S 1Sa 7:1
  25. 1 Chronicles 13:8 : 1Ch 15:16, 19, 24; 2Ch 5:12; Ps 92:3
  26. 1 Chronicles 13:10 : 1Ch 15:13, 15
  27. 1 Chronicles 13:10 : S Lev 10:2
  28. 1 Chronicles 13:11 : 1Ch 15:13; Ps 7:11
  29. 1 Chronicles 13:13 : 1Ch 15:18, 24; 16:38; 26:4-5, 15
  30. 1 Chronicles 13:14 : S 2Sa 6:11
  31. 1 Chronicles 14:1 : 14:1-7pp — 2Sa 5:11-16; 1Ch 3:5-8
  32. 1 Chronicles 14:1 : S 1Ki 5:6; 1Ch 17:6; 22:4; 2Ch 2:3; Ezr 3:7; Hag 1:8
  33. 1 Chronicles 14:2 : S Nu 24:7; S Dt 26:19
  34. 1 Chronicles 14:3 : S 1Ch 3:1
  35. 1 Chronicles 14:4 : S 1Ch 3:9
  36. 1 Chronicles 14:8 : 14:8-17pp — 2Sa 5:17-25
  37. 1 Chronicles 14:8 : 1Ch 11:1
  38. 1 Chronicles 14:9 : ver 13; S Jos 15:8; S 1Ch 11:15
  39. 1 Chronicles 14:11 : Ps 94:16; Isa 28:21
  40. 1 Chronicles 14:12 : S Ex 32:20
  41. 1 Chronicles 14:12 : S Jos 7:15
  42. 1 Chronicles 14:13 : S ver 9
  43. 1 Chronicles 14:16 : S Jos 9:3
  44. 1 Chronicles 14:16 : Jos 10:33
  45. 1 Chronicles 14:17 : S Jos 6:27
  46. 1 Chronicles 14:17 : Ex 15:14-16; S Dt 2:25; Ps 2:1-12
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Romans 1:1-17

Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle(A) and set apart(B) for the gospel of God(C) the gospel he promised beforehand(D) through his prophets(E) in the Holy Scriptures(F) regarding his Son, who as to his earthly life[a](G) was a descendant of David,(H) and who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in power[b](I) by his resurrection from the dead:(J) Jesus Christ our Lord.(K) Through him we received grace(L) and apostleship to call all the Gentiles(M) to the obedience that comes from[c] faith(N) for his name’s sake. And you also are among those Gentiles who are called to belong to Jesus Christ.(O)

To all in Rome who are loved by God(P) and called to be his holy people:(Q)

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ.(R)

Paul’s Longing to Visit Rome

First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you,(S) because your faith is being reported all over the world.(T) God, whom I serve(U) in my spirit in preaching the gospel of his Son, is my witness(V) how constantly I remember you 10 in my prayers at all times;(W) and I pray that now at last by God’s will(X) the way may be opened for me to come to you.(Y)

11 I long to see you(Z) so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift(AA) to make you strong— 12 that is, that you and I may be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith. 13 I do not want you to be unaware,(AB) brothers and sisters,[d](AC) that I planned many times to come to you (but have been prevented from doing so until now)(AD) in order that I might have a harvest among you, just as I have had among the other Gentiles.

14 I am obligated(AE) both to Greeks and non-Greeks, both to the wise and the foolish. 15 That is why I am so eager to preach the gospel also to you who are in Rome.(AF)

16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel,(AG) because it is the power of God(AH) that brings salvation to everyone who believes:(AI) first to the Jew,(AJ) then to the Gentile.(AK) 17 For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed(AL)—a righteousness that is by faith(AM) from first to last,[e] just as it is written: “The righteous will live by faith.”[f](AN)


  1. Romans 1:3 Or who according to the flesh
  2. Romans 1:4 Or was declared with power to be the Son of God
  3. Romans 1:5 Or that is
  4. Romans 1:13 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family; also in 7:1, 4; 8:12, 29; 10:1; 11:25; 12:1; 15:14, 30; 16:14, 17.
  5. Romans 1:17 Or is from faith to faith
  6. Romans 1:17 Hab. 2:4
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Psalm 9:13-20

13 Lord, see how my enemies(A) persecute me!
Have mercy(B) and lift me up from the gates of death,(C)
14 that I may declare your praises(D)
in the gates of Daughter Zion,(E)
and there rejoice in your salvation.(F)

15 The nations have fallen into the pit they have dug;(G)
their feet are caught in the net they have hidden.(H)
16 The Lord is known by his acts of justice;
the wicked are ensnared by the work of their hands.[a](I)
17 The wicked go down to the realm of the dead,(J)
all the nations that forget God.(K)
18 But God will never forget the needy;
the hope(L) of the afflicted(M) will never perish.

19 Arise,(N) Lord, do not let mortals triumph;(O)
let the nations be judged(P) in your presence.
20 Strike them with terror,(Q) Lord;
let the nations know they are only mortal.(R)


  1. Psalm 9:16 The Hebrew has Higgaion and Selah (words of uncertain meaning) here; Selah occurs also at the end of verse 20.
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Proverbs 19:4-5

Wealth attracts many friends,
but even the closest friend of the poor person deserts them.(A)

A false witness(B) will not go unpunished,(C)
and whoever pours out lies will not go free.(D)

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