1 Samuel 14
14 1 One day Jonathan son of Saul said to his young armor-bearer, “Come, let’s go over to the Philistine outpost on the other side.” But he did not tell his father.
2 Saul was staying(A) on the outskirts of Gibeah(B) under a pomegranate tree(C) in Migron.(D) With him were about six hundred men, 3 among whom was Ahijah, who was wearing an ephod. He was a son of Ichabod’s(E) brother Ahitub(F) son of Phinehas, the son of Eli,(G) the Lord’s priest in Shiloh.(H) No one was aware that Jonathan had left.
4 On each side of the pass(I) that Jonathan intended to cross to reach the Philistine outpost was a cliff; one was called Bozez and the other Seneh. 5 One cliff stood to the north toward Mikmash, the other to the south toward Geba.(J)
6 Jonathan said to his young armor-bearer, “Come, let’s go over to the outpost of those uncircumcised(K) men. Perhaps the Lord will act in our behalf. Nothing(L) can hinder the Lord from saving, whether by many(M) or by few.(N)”
7 “Do all that you have in mind,” his armor-bearer said. “Go ahead; I am with you heart and soul.”
8 Jonathan said, “Come on, then; we will cross over toward them and let them see us. 9 If they say to us, ‘Wait there until we come to you,’ we will stay where we are and not go up to them. 10 But if they say, ‘Come up to us,’ we will climb up, because that will be our sign(O) that the Lord has given them into our hands.(P)”
11 So both of them showed themselves to the Philistine outpost. “Look!” said the Philistines. “The Hebrews(Q) are crawling out of the holes they were hiding(R) in.” 12 The men of the outpost shouted to Jonathan and his armor-bearer, “Come up to us and we’ll teach you a lesson.(S)”
So Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, “Climb up after me; the Lord has given them into the hand(T) of Israel.”
13 Jonathan climbed up, using his hands and feet, with his armor-bearer right behind him. The Philistines fell before Jonathan, and his armor-bearer followed and killed behind him. 14 In that first attack Jonathan and his armor-bearer killed some twenty men in an area of about half an acre.
Israel Routs the Philistines
16 Saul’s lookouts(W) at Gibeah in Benjamin saw the army melting away in all directions. 17 Then Saul said to the men who were with him, “Muster the forces and see who has left us.” When they did, it was Jonathan and his armor-bearer who were not there.
18 Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring(X) the ark(Y) of God.” (At that time it was with the Israelites.)[b] 19 While Saul was talking to the priest, the tumult in the Philistine camp increased more and more. So Saul said to the priest,(Z) “Withdraw your hand.”
20 Then Saul and all his men assembled and went to the battle. They found the Philistines in total confusion, striking(AA) each other with their swords. 21 Those Hebrews who had previously been with the Philistines and had gone up with them to their camp went(AB) over to the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan. 22 When all the Israelites who had hidden(AC) in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were on the run, they joined the battle in hot pursuit. 23 So on that day the Lord saved(AD) Israel, and the battle moved on beyond Beth Aven.(AE)
Jonathan Eats Honey
24 Now the Israelites were in distress that day, because Saul had bound the people under an oath,(AF) saying, “Cursed be anyone who eats food before evening comes, before I have avenged myself on my enemies!” So none of the troops tasted food.
25 The entire army entered the woods, and there was honey on the ground. 26 When they went into the woods, they saw the honey oozing out; yet no one put his hand to his mouth, because they feared the oath. 27 But Jonathan had not heard that his father had bound the people with the oath, so he reached out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it into the honeycomb.(AG) He raised his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.[c] 28 Then one of the soldiers told him, “Your father bound the army under a strict oath, saying, ‘Cursed be anyone who eats food today!’ That is why the men are faint.”
29 Jonathan said, “My father has made trouble(AH) for the country. See how my eyes brightened when I tasted a little of this honey. 30 How much better it would have been if the men had eaten today some of the plunder they took from their enemies. Would not the slaughter of the Philistines have been even greater?”
31 That day, after the Israelites had struck down the Philistines from Mikmash(AI) to Aijalon,(AJ) they were exhausted. 32 They pounced on the plunder(AK) and, taking sheep, cattle and calves, they butchered them on the ground and ate them, together with the blood.(AL) 33 Then someone said to Saul, “Look, the men are sinning against the Lord by eating meat that has blood(AM) in it.”
“You have broken faith,” he said. “Roll a large stone over here at once.” 34 Then he said, “Go out among the men and tell them, ‘Each of you bring me your cattle and sheep, and slaughter them here and eat them. Do not sin against the Lord by eating meat with blood still(AN) in it.’”
So everyone brought his ox that night and slaughtered it there. 35 Then Saul built an altar(AO) to the Lord; it was the first time he had done this.
36 Saul said, “Let us go down and pursue the Philistines by night and plunder them till dawn, and let us not leave one of them alive.”
“Do whatever seems best to you,” they replied.
But the priest said, “Let us inquire(AP) of God here.”
37 So Saul asked God, “Shall I go down and pursue the Philistines? Will you give them into Israel’s hand?” But God did not answer(AQ) him that day.
38 Saul therefore said, “Come here, all you who are leaders of the army, and let us find out what sin has been committed(AR) today. 39 As surely as the Lord who rescues Israel lives,(AS) even if the guilt lies with my son Jonathan,(AT) he must die.”(AU) But not one of them said a word.
40 Saul then said to all the Israelites, “You stand over there; I and Jonathan my son will stand over here.”
“Do what seems best to you,” they replied.
41 Then Saul prayed to the Lord, the God of Israel, “Why have you not answered your servant today? If the fault is in me or my son Jonathan, respond with Urim, but if the men of Israel are at fault,[d] respond with Thummim.” Jonathan and Saul were taken by lot, and the men were cleared. 42 Saul said, “Cast the lot(AV) between me and Jonathan my son.” And Jonathan was taken.
43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.”(AW)
So Jonathan told him, “I tasted a little honey(AX) with the end of my staff. And now I must die!”
45 But the men said to Saul, “Should Jonathan die—he who has brought about this great deliverance in Israel? Never! As surely as the Lord lives, not a hair(BA) of his head will fall to the ground, for he did this today with God’s help.” So the men rescued(BB) Jonathan, and he was not put to death.
46 Then Saul stopped pursuing the Philistines, and they withdrew to their own land.
47 After Saul had assumed rule over Israel, he fought against their enemies on every side: Moab,(BC) the Ammonites,(BD) Edom,(BE) the kings[e] of Zobah,(BF) and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he inflicted punishment on them.[f] 48 He fought valiantly and defeated the Amalekites,(BG) delivering Israel from the hands of those who had plundered them.
49 Saul’s sons were Jonathan, Ishvi and Malki-Shua.(BH) The name of his older daughter was Merab, and that of the younger was Michal.(BI) 50 His wife’s name was Ahinoam daughter of Ahimaaz. The name of the commander of Saul’s army was Abner(BJ) son of Ner, and Ner was Saul’s uncle.(BK) 51 Saul’s father Kish(BL) and Abner’s father Ner were sons of Abiel.
52 All the days of Saul there was bitter war with the Philistines, and whenever Saul saw a mighty or brave man, he took(BM) him into his service.
- 1 Samuel 14:15 Or a terrible panic
- 1 Samuel 14:18 Hebrew; Septuagint “Bring the ephod.” (At that time he wore the ephod before the Israelites.)
- 1 Samuel 14:27 Or his strength was renewed; similarly in verse 29
- 1 Samuel 14:41 Septuagint; Hebrew does not have “Why … at fault.
- 1 Samuel 14:47 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint king
- 1 Samuel 14:47 Hebrew; Septuagint he was victorious
- 1 Samuel 14:2 : S Jdg 4:5
- 1 Samuel 14:2 : 1Sa 13:15
- 1 Samuel 14:2 : S Ex 28:33
- 1 Samuel 14:2 : Isa 10:28
- 1 Samuel 14:3 : S Ge 35:18
- 1 Samuel 14:3 : 1Sa 22:11, 20
- 1 Samuel 14:3 : S 1Sa 1:3
- 1 Samuel 14:3 : Ps 78:60
- 1 Samuel 14:4 : 1Sa 13:23
- 1 Samuel 14:5 : S Jos 18:24
- 1 Samuel 14:6 : Jdg 14:3; 1Sa 17:26, 36; 31:4; Jer 9:26; Eze 28:10
- 1 Samuel 14:6 : S 1Sa 13:22; S 1Ki 19:12; S Mt 19:26; Heb 11:34
- 1 Samuel 14:6 : Jdg 7:4
- 1 Samuel 14:6 : Ps 33:16
- 1 Samuel 14:10 : S Ge 24:14
- 1 Samuel 14:10 : S Jos 2:24
- 1 Samuel 14:11 : S Ge 14:13
- 1 Samuel 14:11 : S 1Sa 13:6
- 1 Samuel 14:12 : Jdg 8:16
- 1 Samuel 14:12 : 1Sa 17:46; 2Sa 5:24
- 1 Samuel 14:15 : S Ge 35:5; S Ex 14:24; S 19:16; 2Ki 7:5-7
- 1 Samuel 14:15 : 1Sa 13:17
- 1 Samuel 14:16 : 2Sa 18:24; 2Ki 9:17; Isa 52:8; Eze 33:2
- 1 Samuel 14:18 : 1Sa 30:7
- 1 Samuel 14:18 : S Jdg 18:5
- 1 Samuel 14:19 : Nu 27:21
- 1 Samuel 14:20 : S Jdg 7:22; Eze 38:21; Zec 14:13
- 1 Samuel 14:21 : 1Sa 29:4
- 1 Samuel 14:22 : S 1Sa 13:6
- 1 Samuel 14:23 : S Ex 14:30
- 1 Samuel 14:23 : S Jos 7:2
- 1 Samuel 14:24 : Jos 6:26
- 1 Samuel 14:27 : ver 43; Ps 19:10; Pr 16:24; 24:13
- 1 Samuel 14:29 : Jos 7:25; 1Ki 18:18
- 1 Samuel 14:31 : ver 5
- 1 Samuel 14:31 : S Jos 10:12
- 1 Samuel 14:32 : 1Sa 15:19; Est 9:10
- 1 Samuel 14:32 : S Ge 9:4
- 1 Samuel 14:33 : S Ge 9:4
- 1 Samuel 14:34 : Lev 19:26
- 1 Samuel 14:35 : S 1Sa 7:17
- 1 Samuel 14:36 : S Ge 25:22; S Jdg 18:5
- 1 Samuel 14:37 : 1Sa 28:6, 15; 2Sa 22:42; Ps 18:41
- 1 Samuel 14:38 : Jos 7:11
- 1 Samuel 14:39 : S Nu 14:21; 2Sa 12:5; Job 19:25; Ps 18:46; 42:2
- 1 Samuel 14:39 : ver 44
- 1 Samuel 14:39 : Jos 7:15
- 1 Samuel 14:42 : Jnh 1:7
- 1 Samuel 14:43 : S Jos 7:19
- 1 Samuel 14:43 : S ver 27
- 1 Samuel 14:44 : S Ru 1:17
- 1 Samuel 14:44 : ver 39
- 1 Samuel 14:45 : 1Ki 1:52; S Mt 10:30
- 1 Samuel 14:45 : 2Sa 14:11
- 1 Samuel 14:47 : S Ge 19:37
- 1 Samuel 14:47 : S Ge 19:38; 2Sa 12:31
- 1 Samuel 14:47 : 1Sa 21:7
- 1 Samuel 14:47 : 2Sa 8:3; 10:6; 23:36
- 1 Samuel 14:48 : S Ge 36:12; Nu 13:29; Jdg 3:13; 1Sa 15:2, 7; 27:8; 28:18; 30:13; 2Sa 1:13; 1Ch 4:43
- 1 Samuel 14:49 : 1Sa 31:2; 1Ch 8:33
- 1 Samuel 14:49 : S Ge 29:26
- 1 Samuel 14:50 : 2Sa 2:8; 3:6; 1Ki 2:5
- 1 Samuel 14:50 : 1Sa 10:14
- 1 Samuel 14:51 : S 1Sa 9:1
- 1 Samuel 14:52 : 1Sa 8:11
32 The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering such things about him. Then the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple guards to arrest him.
35 The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we cannot find him? Will he go where our people live scattered(F) among the Greeks,(G) and teach the Greeks? 36 What did he mean when he said, ‘You will look for me, but you will not find me,’ and ‘Where I am, you cannot come’?”(H)
37 On the last and greatest day of the festival,(I) Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink.(J) 38 Whoever believes(K) in me, as Scripture has said,(L) rivers of living water(M) will flow from within them.”[a](N) 39 By this he meant the Spirit,(O) whom those who believed in him were later to receive.(P) Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.(Q)
40 On hearing his words, some of the people said, “Surely this man is the Prophet.”(R)
41 Others said, “He is the Messiah.”
Still others asked, “How can the Messiah come from Galilee?(S) 42 Does not Scripture say that the Messiah will come from David’s descendants(T) and from Bethlehem,(U) the town where David lived?” 43 Thus the people were divided(V) because of Jesus. 44 Some wanted to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him.(W)
Unbelief of the Jewish Leaders
45 Finally the temple guards went back to the chief priests and the Pharisees, who asked them, “Why didn’t you bring him in?”
46 “No one ever spoke the way this man does,”(X) the guards replied.
47 “You mean he has deceived you also?”(Y) the Pharisees retorted. 48 “Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him?(Z) 49 No! But this mob that knows nothing of the law—there is a curse on them.”
50 Nicodemus,(AA) who had gone to Jesus earlier and who was one of their own number, asked, 51 “Does our law condemn a man without first hearing him to find out what he has been doing?”
52 They replied, “Are you from Galilee, too? Look into it, and you will find that a prophet does not come out of Galilee.”(AB)
[The earliest manuscripts and many other ancient witnesses do not have John 7:53—8:11. A few manuscripts include these verses, wholly or in part, after John 7:36, John 21:25, Luke 21:38 or Luke 24:53.]
53 Then they all went home,
- John 7:38 Or me. And let anyone drink 38 who believes in me.” As Scripture has said, “Out of him (or them) will flow rivers of living water.”
- John 7:31 : Jn 8:30; 10:42; 11:45; 12:11, 42
- John 7:31 : S Jn 2:11
- John 7:33 : Jn 12:35; 13:33; 16:16
- John 7:33 : Jn 16:5, 10, 17, 28
- John 7:34 : ver 36; Jn 8:21; 13:33
- John 7:35 : S Jas 1:1
- John 7:35 : Jn 12:20; Ac 17:4; 18:4
- John 7:36 : ver 34
- John 7:37 : Lev 23:36
- John 7:37 : Isa 55:1; Rev 22:17
- John 7:38 : S Jn 3:15
- John 7:38 : Isa 58:11
- John 7:38 : S Jn 4:10
- John 7:38 : S Jn 4:14
- John 7:39 : Joel 2:28; Jn 1:33; Ac 2:17, 33
- John 7:39 : S Jn 20:22
- John 7:39 : Jn 12:23; 13:31, 32
- John 7:40 : S Mt 21:11
- John 7:41 : ver 52; Jn 1:46
- John 7:42 : S Mt 1:1
- John 7:42 : Mic 5:2; Mt 2:5, 6; Lk 2:4
- John 7:43 : Jn 6:52; 9:16; 10:19
- John 7:44 : ver 30
- John 7:46 : S Mt 7:28
- John 7:47 : ver 12
- John 7:48 : Jn 12:42
- John 7:50 : Jn 3:1; 19:39
- John 7:52 : ver 41
For the director of music. Of David. A psalm.
1 My God, whom I praise,(A)
do not remain silent,(B)
2 for people who are wicked and deceitful(C)
have opened their mouths against me;
they have spoken against me with lying tongues.(D)
3 With words of hatred(E) they surround me;
they attack me without cause.(F)
4 In return for my friendship they accuse me,
but I am a man of prayer.(G)
5 They repay me evil for good,(H)
and hatred for my friendship.
6 Appoint someone evil to oppose my enemy;
let an accuser(I) stand at his right hand.
7 When he is tried, let him be found guilty,(J)
and may his prayers condemn(K) him.
8 May his days be few;(L)
may another take his place(M) of leadership.
9 May his children be fatherless
and his wife a widow.(N)
10 May his children be wandering beggars;(O)
may they be driven[a] from their ruined homes.
11 May a creditor(P) seize all he has;
may strangers plunder(Q) the fruits of his labor.(R)
12 May no one extend kindness to him
or take pity(S) on his fatherless children.
13 May his descendants be cut off,(T)
their names blotted out(U) from the next generation.
14 May the iniquity of his fathers(V) be remembered before the Lord;
may the sin of his mother never be blotted out.
15 May their sins always remain before(W) the Lord,
that he may blot out their name(X) from the earth.
16 For he never thought of doing a kindness,
but hounded to death the poor
and the needy(Y) and the brokenhearted.(Z)
17 He loved to pronounce a curse—
may it come back on him.(AA)
He found no pleasure in blessing—
may it be far from him.
18 He wore cursing(AB) as his garment;
it entered into his body like water,(AC)
into his bones like oil.
19 May it be like a cloak wrapped(AD) about him,
like a belt tied forever around him.
20 May this be the Lord’s payment(AE) to my accusers,
to those who speak evil(AF) of me.
21 But you, Sovereign Lord,
help me for your name’s sake;(AG)
out of the goodness of your love,(AH) deliver me.(AI)
22 For I am poor and needy,
and my heart is wounded within me.
23 I fade away like an evening shadow;(AJ)
I am shaken off like a locust.
24 My knees give(AK) way from fasting;(AL)
my body is thin and gaunt.(AM)
25 I am an object of scorn(AN) to my accusers;
when they see me, they shake their heads.(AO)
26 Help me,(AP) Lord my God;
save me according to your unfailing love.
27 Let them know(AQ) that it is your hand,
that you, Lord, have done it.
28 While they curse,(AR) may you bless;
may those who attack me be put to shame,
but may your servant rejoice.(AS)
29 May my accusers be clothed with disgrace
and wrapped in shame(AT) as in a cloak.
30 With my mouth I will greatly extol the Lord;
in the great throng(AU) of worshipers I will praise him.
31 For he stands at the right hand(AV) of the needy,
to save their lives from those who would condemn them.
- Psalm 109:10 Septuagint; Hebrew sought
- Psalm 109:1 : S Ex 15:2; Jer 17:14
- Psalm 109:1 : S Job 34:29
- Psalm 109:2 : S Ps 43:1
- Psalm 109:2 : S Ps 52:4
- Psalm 109:3 : Ps 69:4
- Psalm 109:3 : Ps 35:7; Jn 15:25
- Psalm 109:4 : Ps 69:13; 141:5
- Psalm 109:5 : S Ge 44:4
- Psalm 109:6 : 1Ch 21:1; Job 1:6; Zec 3:1
- Psalm 109:7 : Ps 1:5
- Psalm 109:7 : Pr 28:9; Isa 41:24
- Psalm 109:8 : S Job 15:32
- Psalm 109:8 : Ac 1:20*
- Psalm 109:9 : Ex 22:24; Jer 18:21
- Psalm 109:10 : S Ge 4:12
- Psalm 109:11 : Ne 5:3
- Psalm 109:11 : S Nu 14:3; Isa 1:7; 6:11; 36:1; La 5:2
- Psalm 109:11 : Job 20:18
- Psalm 109:12 : S Job 5:4
- Psalm 109:13 : Job 18:19; Ps 21:10
- Psalm 109:13 : S Nu 14:12; Ps 9:5; Pr 10:7
- Psalm 109:14 : Ex 20:5; Nu 14:18; Isa 65:6-7; Jer 32:18
- Psalm 109:15 : Ps 90:8
- Psalm 109:15 : S Ex 17:14; S Dt 32:26
- Psalm 109:16 : S Job 20:19; S Ps 35:10
- Psalm 109:16 : S Ps 34:18
- Psalm 109:17 : Pr 28:27; S Mt 7:2
- Psalm 109:18 : Ps 10:7
- Psalm 109:18 : Nu 5:22
- Psalm 109:19 : ver 29; Ps 73:6; Eze 7:27
- Psalm 109:20 : S Ex 32:34; Ps 54:5; 94:23; Isa 3:11; 2Ti 4:14
- Psalm 109:20 : Ps 71:10
- Psalm 109:21 : S Ex 9:16; S Ps 23:3
- Psalm 109:21 : Ps 69:16
- Psalm 109:21 : S Ps 3:7
- Psalm 109:23 : S Job 14:2
- Psalm 109:24 : Heb 12:12
- Psalm 109:24 : S Ps 35:13
- Psalm 109:24 : S Job 16:8
- Psalm 109:25 : S Ps 22:6
- Psalm 109:25 : S Job 16:4; S Mt 27:39; Mk 15:29
- Psalm 109:26 : Ps 12:1; 119:86
- Psalm 109:27 : S Job 37:7
- Psalm 109:28 : S 2Sa 16:12
- Psalm 109:28 : Ps 66:4; Isa 35:10; 51:11; 54:1; 65:14
- Psalm 109:29 : S Ps 35:26
- Psalm 109:30 : S Ps 35:18
- Psalm 109:31 : Ps 16:8; 108:6
5 A fool spurns a parent’s discipline,
but whoever heeds correction shows prudence.(A)
7 The lips of the wise spread knowledge,(D)
but the hearts of fools are not upright.