God’s Sword of Judgment
21 The word of the Lord came to me again: 2 “Son of man, face(A) Jerusalem and preach against the sanctuaries. Prophesy against the land of Israel, 3 and say to it, ‘This is what the Lord says: I am against you.(B) I will draw my sword from its sheath and cut off from you both the righteous and the wicked. 4 Since I will cut off[a] both the righteous and the wicked, my sword will therefore come out of its sheath against all people from the south to the north.(C) 5 So all people will know that I, the Lord, have taken my sword from its sheath—it will not be sheathed again.’(D)
6 “But you, son of man, groan! Groan bitterly with a broken heart[b] right before their eyes. 7 And when they ask you, ‘Why are you groaning?’ then say, ‘Because of the news that is coming.(E) Every heart will melt, and every hand will become weak. Every spirit will be discouraged, and all knees will run with urine.[c] Yes, it is coming and it will happen. This is the declaration of the Lord God.’”
8 The word of the Lord came to me: 9 “Son of man, prophesy, ‘This is what the Lord says!’ You are to proclaim,
‘A sword!(F) A sword is sharpened
and also polished.(G)
10 It is sharpened for slaughter,
polished to flash like lightning!
Should we rejoice?
The scepter of my son,
the sword despises every tree.[d]
11 The sword is given to be polished,
to be grasped in the hand.
It is sharpened, and it is polished,
to be put in the hand of the slayer.’(H)
12 “Cry out and wail, son of man, for it is against my people. It is against all the princes of Israel! They are given over to the sword with my people. Therefore strike your thigh in grief.(I) 13 Surely it will be a trial! And what if the sword despises even the scepter? The scepter will not continue.”[e] This is the declaration of the Lord God.
14 “So you, son of man, prophesy and clap your hands together:(J)
Let the sword strike two times, even three.
It is a sword for massacre,
a sword for great massacre—
it surrounds[f] them!
15 I have appointed a sword(K) for slaughter[g]
at all their gates,
so that their hearts may melt
and many may stumble.
Yes! It is ready to flash like lightning;(L)
it is drawn[h] for slaughter.
16 Slash to the right;
turn to the left—
wherever your blade is directed.
17 I also will clap my hands together, and I will satisfy my wrath.(M) I, the Lord, have spoken.”
18 The word of the Lord came to me: 19 “Now you, son of man, mark out two roads that the sword of Babylon’s king can take. Both of them should originate from the same land. And make a signpost at the fork in the road to each city. 20 Mark out a road that the sword can take to Rabbah of the Ammonites(N) and to Judah into fortified Jerusalem. 21 For the king of Babylon stands at the split in the road, at the fork of the two roads, to practice divination: he shakes the arrows, consults the idols, and observes the liver. 22 The answer marked[i] Jerusalem appears in his right hand, indicating that he should set up battering rams,(O) give the order to[j] slaughter, raise a battle cry, set battering rams against the gates, build a ramp, and construct a siege wall. 23 It will seem like false divination to those who have sworn an oath to the Babylonians,[k](P) but it will draw attention to their guilt so that they will be captured.
24 “Therefore, this is what the Lord God says: Because you have drawn attention to your guilt, exposing your transgressions, so that your sins are revealed in all your actions—since you have done this, you will be captured by them. 25 And you, profane and wicked prince of Israel,[l](Q) the day has come(R) for your punishment.[m]
26 “This is what the Lord God says:
Remove the turban, and take off the crown.
Things will not remain as they are;[n]
exalt the lowly and bring down the exalted.(S)
27 A ruin, a ruin,
I will make it a ruin!
Yet this will not happen
until he comes;(T)
I have given the judgment to him.[o]
28 “Now you, son of man, prophesy, and say, ‘This is what the Lord God says concerning the Ammonites and their contempt.’ You are to proclaim,
‘A sword! A sword
is drawn for slaughter,
polished to consume,(U) to flash like lightning.
29 While they offer false visions(V)
and lying divinations about you,
the time has come to put you
to the necks of the profane wicked ones;
the day has come
for final punishment.
30 “‘Return it to its sheath!(W)
“‘I will judge you[p]
in the place where you were created,
in the land of your origin.
31 I will pour out my indignation on you;
I will blow the fire of my fury on you.(X)
I will hand you over to brutal men,
skilled at destruction.
32 You will be fuel for the fire.
Your blood will be spilled within the land.
You will not be remembered,(Y)
for I, the Lord, have spoken.’”
Indictment of Sinful Jerusalem
22 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 “As for you, son of man, will you pass judgment? Will you pass judgment against the city of blood? Then explain all her detestable practices to her.(Z) 3 You are to say, ‘This is what the Lord God says: A city that sheds blood(AA) within her walls so that her time of judgment has come and who makes idols for herself so that she is defiled! 4 You are guilty of the blood you have shed,(AB) and you are defiled from the idols you have made. You have brought your judgment[q] days near and have come to your years of punishment.[r] Therefore, I have made you a disgrace to the nations and a mockery to all the lands. 5 Those who are near and those far away from you will mock you, you infamous one full of turmoil.
6 “‘Look, every prince of Israel(AC) within you has used his strength to shed blood. 7 Father and mother are treated with contempt,(AD) and the resident alien is exploited within you. The fatherless and widow are oppressed in you.(AE) 8 You despise my holy things and profane my Sabbaths.(AF) 9 There are men within you who slander in order to shed blood.(AG) People who live in you eat at the mountain shrines;[s] they commit depraved acts within you. 10 Men within you have sexual intercourse with their father’s wife and violate women during their menstrual impurity.(AH) 11 One man within you commits a detestable act with his neighbor’s wife;(AI) another defiles his daughter-in-law with depravity; and yet another violates his sister, his father’s daughter.(AJ) 12 People who live in you accept bribes in order to shed blood.(AK) You take interest and profit on a loan and brutally extort your neighbors.(AL) You have forgotten me.(AM) This is the declaration of the Lord God.
13 “‘Now look, I clap my hands together against the dishonest profit you have made(AN) and against the blood shed among you. 14 Will your courage endure(AO) or your hands be strong in the days when I deal with you? I, the Lord, have spoken, and I will act.(AP) 15 I will disperse you among the nations and scatter you among the countries;(AQ) I will purge your uncleanness.(AR) 16 You[t] will be profaned in the sight of the nations. Then you will know that I am the Lord.’”(AS)
Jerusalem as God’s Furnace
17 The word of the Lord came to me: 18 “Son of man, the house of Israel has become merely dross to me.(AT) All of them are copper, tin, iron, and lead inside the furnace;(AU) they are just dross from silver. 19 Therefore, this is what the Lord God says: Because all of you have become dross, I am about to gather you into Jerusalem. 20 Just as one gathers silver, copper, iron, lead, and tin into the furnace to blow fire(AV) on them and melt them, so I will gather you in my anger and wrath, put you inside, and melt you. 21 Yes, I will gather you together and blow on you with the fire of my fury, and you will be melted within the city. 22 As silver is melted inside a furnace, so you will be melted inside the city. Then you will know that I, the Lord, have poured out my wrath on you.”(AW)
Indictment of a Sinful Land
23 The word of the Lord came to me: 24 “Son of man, say to her, ‘You are a land that has not been cleansed,(AX) that has not received rain in the day of indignation.’ 25 The conspiracy of her prophets(AY) within her is[u] like a roaring lion tearing its prey: they devour people, seize wealth and valuables, and multiply the widows within her. 26 Her priests do violence to my instruction and profane my holy things.(AZ) They make no distinction between the holy and the common, and they do not explain the difference between the clean and the unclean.(BA) They close their eyes to my Sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.
27 “Her officials within her are like wolves tearing their prey, shedding blood, and destroying lives in order to make profit dishonestly. 28 Her prophets plaster for them with whitewash by seeing false visions and lying divinations,(BB) saying, ‘This is what the Lord God says,’ when the Lord has not spoken. 29 The people of the land have practiced extortion and committed robbery.(BC) They have oppressed the poor and needy and unlawfully exploited the resident alien. 30 I searched for a man among them who would repair the wall(BD) and stand in the gap before me on behalf of the land so that I might not destroy it,(BE) but I found no one. 31 So I have poured out my indignation on them and consumed them with the fire of my fury. I have brought their conduct down on their own heads.”(BF) This is the declaration of the Lord God.
- 21:4 Lit off from you
- 21:6 Lit insides, or waist
- 21:7 Lit knees will go water
- 21:10 Hb obscure
- 21:13 Hb obscure
- 21:14 Or penetrates
- 21:15 Hb obscure
- 21:15 Hb obscure
- 21:22 Lit The divination for
- 21:22 Lit rams, open the mouth in
- 21:23 Lit them
- 21:25 = King Zedekiah
- 21:25 Lit come in the time of the punishment of the end, also in v. 29
- 21:26 Lit This not this
- 21:27 Or comes to whom it rightfully belongs, and I will give it to him
- 21:30 = the Ammonites
- 22:4 judgment supplied for clarity
- 22:4 punishment supplied for clarity
- 22:9 Lit the mountains
- 22:16 One Hb ms, LXX, Syr, Vg read I
- 22:24-25 LXX reads indignation, 25 whose princes within her are
- 21:2 : Ezk 20:46
- 21:3 : Ezk 5:8
- 21:4 : Ezk 7:2; 20:47
- 21:5 : Ezk 21:30
- 21:7 : Ezk 7:26
- 21:9 : Dt 32:41
- 21:9 : Jr 46:4
- 21:11 : Ezk 21:19
- 21:12 : Jr 31:19
- 21:14 : Nm 24:10
- 21:15 : Ezk 32:20
- 21:15 : Ezk 21:28
- 21:17 : Ezk 5:13
- 21:20 : Jr 49:2
- 21:22 : Ezk 4:2; 26:9
- 21:23 : Ezk 17:16,18
- 21:25 : 2Kg 24:20
- 21:25 : Ezk 21:29
- 21:26 : Ezk 17:24; Lk 1:52
- 21:27 : Jr 23:5-6
- 21:28 : Is 31:8; Jr 12:12; 46:10,14
- 21:29 : Ezk 13:6-9; 22:28
- 21:30 : Jr 47:6-7
- 21:31 : Ezk 22:20-21
- 21:32 : Ezk 25:10
- 22:2 : Ezk 16:2; 20:4
- 22:3 : Ezk 22:6,27; 23:37,45
- 22:4 : 2Kg 21:16
- 22:6 : Is 1:23
- 22:7 : Ex 20:12; Lv 20:9; Dt 27:16
- 22:7 : Ex 22:22
- 22:8 : Lv 19:30; Ezk 20:13
- 22:9 : Lv 19:16
- 22:10 : Lv 18:7-8,19
- 22:11 : Ex 20:17; Ezk 18:11
- 22:11 : Lv 18:9,15; 20:17
- 22:12 : Ex 23:8
- 22:12 : Lv 19:13; 25:36; Dt 23:19
- 22:12 : Ezk 23:35
- 22:13 : Ezk 21:14,17
- 22:14 : Ezk 21:7
- 22:14 : Ezk 17:24
- 22:15 : Dt 4:27; Ezk 12:15
- 22:15 : Ezk 23:27,48
- 22:16 : Ps 83:18; Ezk 6:7
- 22:18 : Ps 119:119; Is 1:22
- 22:18 : Pr 17:3
- 22:20 : Is 1:25
- 22:22 : Ezk 20:8,33
- 22:24 : Ezk 24:13
- 22:25 : Jr 11:9; Hs 6:9
- 22:26 : 1Sm 2:12-17,22
- 22:26 : Lv 10:10
- 22:28 : Ezk 13:10-15
- 22:29 : Ezk 9:9; 22:7
- 22:30 : Ezk 13:5
- 22:30 : Ex 32:11-14; Ps 106:23
- 22:31 : Ezk 7:3,8-9; 9:10
The Perfect Sacrifice
10 Since the law has only a shadow of the good things(A) to come, and not the reality itself of those things, it can never perfect the worshipers by the same sacrifices they continually offer year after year. 2 Otherwise, wouldn’t they have stopped being offered, since the worshipers, purified once and for all, would no longer have any consciousness of sins? 3 But in the sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year after year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
5 Therefore, as he was coming into the world, he said:
You did not desire sacrifice and offering,
but you prepared a body for me.
6 You did not delight
in whole burnt offerings and sin offerings.
7 Then I said, “See—
it is written about me
in the scroll—
I have come to do your will, O God.”[a](B)
8 After he says above, You did not desire or delight in sacrifices and offerings, whole burnt offerings and sin offerings (which are offered according to the law(C)), 9 he then says, See, I have come to do your will.[b] He takes away the first to establish the second. 10 By this will, we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all time.(D)
11 Every priest stands day after day ministering and offering the same sacrifices time after time, which can never take away sins.(E) 12 But this man, after offering one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God.[c](F) 13 He is now waiting until his enemies are made his footstool.(G) 14 For by one offering he has perfected forever those who are sanctified. 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. For after he says:
16 This is the covenant I will make with them
after those days,
the Lord says,
I will put my laws on their hearts
and write them on their minds,
17 andI will never again remember
- 10:1 : Col 2:17; Heb 8:5; 9:11
- 10:5-7 : Ps 40:6-8; Jr 36:2; Heb 1:6
- 10:8 : Mk 12:33; Heb 10:5-6
- 10:10 : Jn 17:19; Heb 7:27; 9:12
- 10:11 : Nm 28:3; Heb 5:1
- 10:12 : Rm 8:34; Eph 1:20; Col 3:1; Heb 1:3; 8:1; 12:2; 1Pt 3:22
- 10:13 : Ps 110:1; Mt 22:44; Mk 12:36; Lk 20:43; Ac 2:34-35; 1Co 15:25; Heb 1:13
- 10:16-17 : Jr 31:33-34; Heb 8:10,12
A Plea for Victory
A song. A psalm of David.
1 My heart is confident, God;
I will sing; I will sing praises
with the whole of my being.[a](A)
2 Wake up, harp and lyre!
I will wake up the dawn.(B)
3 I will praise you, Lord, among the peoples;
I will sing praises to you among the nations.(C)
4 For your faithful love is higher than the heavens,
and your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.(D)
5 God, be exalted above the heavens,(E)
and let your glory be over the whole earth.(F)
6 Save with your right hand and answer me
so that those you love may be rescued.(G)
7 God has spoken in his sanctuary:[b]
“I will celebrate!
I will divide up Shechem.(H)
I will apportion the Valley of Succoth.(I)
8 Gilead is mine, Manasseh is mine,
and Ephraim is my helmet;(J)
Judah is my scepter.(K)
9 Moab is my washbasin;(L)
I throw my sandal on Edom.(M)
I shout in triumph over Philistia.”(N)
10 Who will bring me to the fortified city?
Who will lead me to Edom?(O)
11 God, haven’t you rejected us?
God, you do not march out with our armies.(P)
12 Give us aid against the foe,
for human help is worthless.(Q)
13 With God we will perform valiantly;(R)
he will trample our foes.(S)
- 108:1 : Ps 59:17; 112:7
- 108:2 : Jdg 5:12; Ps 33:2; 81:2
- 108:3 : 2Sm 22:50; Ps 9:11; 18:49
- 108:4 : Ps 36:5; 103:11; Lm 3:22-23
- 108:5 : Ps 113:4
- 108:1-5 : Ps 57:7-11
- 108:6 : Ps 17:7; 20:6; 138:7
- 108:7 : Gn 12:6; 33:18
- 108:7 : Gn 33:17
- 108:8 : Dt 33:17; Jos 13:31
- 108:8 : Gn 49:10
- 108:9 : 2Sm 8:2
- 108:9 : 2Sm 8:14
- 108:9 : 2Sm 8:1
- 108:10 : Jr 1:18
- 108:11 : Ps 44:9
- 108:12 : Ps 146:3
- 108:13 : Nm 24:18; Ps 44:5; 118:15-16
- 108:6-13 : Ps 60:5-12