New Stone Tablets
34 The Lord said to Moses, “Cut two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on them the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke.(A) 2 Be prepared by morning. Come up Mount Sinai in the morning and stand before Me on the mountaintop. 3 No one may go up with you; in fact, no one must be seen anywhere on the mountain. Even the flocks and herds are not to graze in front of that mountain.”(B)
4 Moses cut two stone tablets like the first ones. He got up early in the morning, and taking the two stone tablets in his hand, he climbed Mount Sinai, just as the Lord had commanded him.
5 The Lord came down in a cloud, stood with him there, and proclaimed His name Yahweh. 6 Then the Lord passed in front of him and proclaimed:
Yahweh—Yahweh is a compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in faithful love and truth,(C) 7 maintaining faithful love to a thousand generations, forgiving wrongdoing, rebellion, and sin.(D) But He will not leave the guilty(E) unpunished, bringing the consequences of the fathers’ wrongdoing on the children and grandchildren to the third and fourth generation.
8 Moses immediately bowed down to the ground and worshiped. 9 Then he said, “My Lord, if I have indeed found favor in Your sight, my Lord, please go with us. Even though this is a stiff-necked people, forgive our wrongdoing and sin, and accept us as Your own possession.”(F)
10 And the Lord responded: “Look, I am making a covenant. I will perform wonders in the presence of all your people[a] that have never been done[b] in all the earth or in any nation. All the people you live among will see the Lord’s work, for what I am doing with you is awe-inspiring.(G) 11 Observe what I command you today. I am going to drive out before you the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites,[c] and Jebusites. 12 Be careful not to make a treaty with the inhabitants of the land that you are going to enter; otherwise, they will become a snare among you.(H) 13 Instead, you must tear down their altars, smash their sacred pillars, and chop down their Asherah poles.(I) 14 You are never to bow down to another god because Yahweh, being jealous(J) by nature,[d] is a jealous God.
15 “Do not make a treaty with the inhabitants of the land, or else when they prostitute themselves with their gods and sacrifice to their gods, they will invite you, and you will eat their sacrifices.(K) 16 Then you will take some of their daughters as brides for your sons. Their daughters will prostitute themselves with their gods and cause your sons to prostitute themselves with their gods.(L)
17 “Do not make cast images(M) of gods for yourselves.
18 “Observe the Festival of Unleavened Bread. You are to eat unleavened bread for seven days at the appointed time in the month of Abib[e] as I commanded you. For you came out of Egypt in the month of Abib.(N)
19 “The firstborn(O) male from every womb belongs to Me, including all your male[f][g] livestock, the firstborn of cattle or sheep. 20 You must redeem the firstborn of a donkey with a sheep, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck.(P) You must redeem all the firstborn of your sons. No one is to appear before Me empty-handed.
21 “You are to labor six days but you must rest(Q) on the seventh day; you must even rest during plowing and harvesting times.
22 “Observe the Festival of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering[h] at the turn of the agricultural year. 23 Three times a year(R) all your males are to appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel. 24 For I will drive out nations(S) before you and enlarge your territory.(T) No one will covet your land when you go up three times a year to appear before the Lord your God.
26 “Bring the best firstfruits(V) of your land to the house of the Lord your God.
“You must not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”
27 The Lord also said to Moses, “Write(W) down these words, for I have made a covenant with you and with Israel based on these words.”
28 Moses was there with the Lord 40 days and 40 nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. He wrote the Ten Commandments,(X) the words of the covenant, on the tablets.
Moses’ Radiant Face
29 As Moses descended from Mount Sinai—with the two tablets of the testimony in his hands as he descended the mountain—he did not realize that the skin of his face shone as a result of his speaking with the Lord.[j](Y) 30 When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, the skin of his face shone!(Z) They were afraid to come near him. 31 But Moses called out to them, so Aaron and all the leaders of the community returned to him, and Moses spoke to them. 32 Afterward all the Israelites came near, and he commanded them to do everything the Lord had told him on Mount Sinai. 33 When Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a veil over his face. 34 But whenever Moses went before the Lord to speak with Him, he would remove the veil until he came out. After he came out, he would tell the Israelites what he had been commanded,(AA) 35 and the Israelites would see that Moses’ face[k] was radiant. Then Moses would put the veil over his face again until he went to speak with the Lord.
The Sabbath Command
35 Moses assembled the entire Israelite community and said to them, “These are the things that the Lord has commanded you to do:(AB) 2 For six days work is to be done, but on the seventh day you are to have a holy day, a Sabbath(AC) of complete rest to the Lord. Anyone who does work on it must be executed. 3 Do not light a fire in any of your homes on the Sabbath day.”(AD)
Building the Tabernacle
4 Then Moses said to the entire Israelite community, “This is what the Lord has commanded: 5 Take(AE) up an offering among you for the Lord. Let everyone whose heart is willing bring this as the Lord’s offering: gold, silver, and bronze; 6 blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair; 7 ram skins dyed red and manatee skins;[l] acacia wood; 8 oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense; 9 and onyx with gemstones to mount on the ephod and breastpiece.
- Exodus 34:10 Lit in all nations
- Exodus 34:10 Lit created
- Exodus 34:11 DSS, Sam, LXX add Girgashites
- Exodus 34:14 Lit Yahweh—His name is Jealous, or Yahweh is jealous for His name, He
- Exodus 34:18 March–April; called Nisan in the post-exilic period; Neh 2:1; Est 3:7
- Exodus 34:19 LXX, Theod, Vg, Tg read males
- Exodus 34:19 Hb obscure
- Exodus 34:22 The Festival of Ingathering is called Festival of Booths elsewhere; Lv 23:34-36.
- Exodus 34:25 Lit slaughter
- Exodus 34:29 Lit with Him
- Exodus 34:35 Lit see Moses’ face, that the skin of his face
- Exodus 35:7 Or and dolphin skins, or and fine leather; Hb obscure
- 34:1 : Ex 32:19; 34:28; Dt 10:2, 4
- 34:2-3 : Ex 19:12-13, 20-21
- 34:6 : Nm 14:18; Neh 9:17; Ps 86:15; 103:8; 108:4; Jl 2:13; Rm 2:4
- 34:7 : Ex 20:6; Ps 103:3; 130:4; Dn 9:9; 1Jn 1:9
- 34:7 : Jos 24:19; Jb 10:14; Nah 1:3
- 34:9 : Ex 33:15-16; Ps 33:12; 94:14
- 34:10 : Dt 4:32; 5:2; Ps 77:14; 145:6
- 34:11-12 : Ex 23:32-33; 33:2
- 34:13 : Ex 23:24; Dt 12:3; 2Kg 18:4; 2Ch 34:3-4
- 34:14 : Ex 20:3, 5; Dt 4:24
- 34:15 : Nm 25:2; Jdg 2:17; 1Co 8:4, 7, 10
- 34:16 : Dt 7:3; 1Kg 11:2, 4; Ezr 9:2; Neh 13:25
- 34:17 : Ex 32:8; Lv 19:14
- 34:18 : Ex 12:15; 13:4
- 34:19 : Ex 13:2; 22:29
- 34:20 : Ex 13:13, 15; 23:15; Dt 16:16
- 34:21 : Ex 20:9; Lk 13:14
- 34:23 : Ex 23:14
- 34:24 : Ex 33:2; Ps 78:55
- 34:24 : Dt 12:20; 19:8
- 34:25 : Ex 12:10; 23:18
- 34:26 : Ex 23:19; Dt 26:2
- 34:27 : Ex 17:14; 24:4
- 34:28 : Ex 24:18; 31:18; Dt 4:13; 10:2, 4
- 34:29 : Ex 32:15
- 34:30 : Ps 34:5; Mt 17:2; 2Co 3:7, 13
- 34:34 : Ex 24:3; 2Co 3:13-16
- 35:1 : Ex 34:32
- 35:2 : Ex 20:9; Lv 23:3
- 35:3 : Ex 16:23
- 35:5-9 : Ex 25:2-7
Jesus or Barabbas
15 At the festival(A) the governor’s custom was to release to the crowd a prisoner they wanted. 16 At that time they had a notorious prisoner called Barabbas.[a] 17 So when they had gathered together, Pilate said to them, “Who is it you want me to release for you—Barabbas,[b] or Jesus who is called Messiah?”(B) 18 For he knew they had handed Him over because of envy.
19 While he was sitting on the judge’s bench, his wife sent word to him, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for today I’ve suffered terribly in a dream because of Him!”(C)
20 The chief priests and the elders, however, persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to execute Jesus. 21 The governor asked them, “Which of the two do you want me to release for you?”
“Barabbas!” they answered.
22 Pilate asked them, “What should I do then with Jesus, who is called Messiah?”
23 Then he said, “Why? What has He done wrong?”
But they kept shouting, “Crucify Him!” all the more.(E)
24 When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere,[d] but that a riot was starting instead, he took some water, washed his hands in front of the crowd, and said, “I am innocent of this man’s blood.[e] See to it yourselves!”(F)
Mocked by the Military
27 Then(I) the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into headquarters and gathered the whole company around Him.(J) 28 They stripped Him and dressed Him in a scarlet military robe.(K) 29 They twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and placed a reed in His right hand. And they knelt down before Him and mocked Him: “Hail, King of the Jews!” 30 Then they spit on Him, took the reed, and kept hitting Him on the head. 31 When they had mocked Him, they stripped Him of the robe, put His clothes on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him.(L)
- Matthew 27:16 Other mss read Jesus Barabbas
- Matthew 27:17 Other mss read Jesus Barabbas
- Matthew 27:22 Lit “Him—be crucified!”
- Matthew 27:24 Lit that it availed nothing
- Matthew 27:24 Other mss read this righteous man’s blood
- Matthew 27:26 Roman flogging was done with a whip made of leather strips embedded with pieces of bone or metal that brutally tore the flesh.
- 27:15-26 : Mk 15:6-15; Lk 23:16-25; Jn 18:39-40; 19:16
- 27:17 : Mt 1:16; 27:22
- 27:19 : Gn 20:6; Nm 12:6; Jb 33:14-16; Mt 2:12; Jn 19:13
- 27:22 : Mt 1:16; Ac 13:28
- 27:23 : Lk 23:41; Jn 8:46
- 27:24 : Dt 21:6-8; Ps 26:6; Mt 26:5; 27:4, 19
- 27:25 : Jos 2:19; Ac 5:28
- 27:26 : Is 53:5; Mk 15:15; Lk 23:16; Jn 19:1
- 27:27-31 : Mk 15:16-20; Jn 19:2-3
- 27:27 : Jn 18:28, 33; 19:9; Ac 10:1
- 27:28 : Lk 23:11; Jn 19:2
- 27:30-31 : Is 53:7; Mt 26:67
12 Happy is the nation whose God is Yahweh—
the people He has chosen to be His own possession!(A)
13 The Lord looks down from heaven;
He observes everyone.(B)
14 He gazes on all the inhabitants of the earth
from His dwelling place.(C)
15 He alone shapes their hearts;
He considers all their works.(D)
16 A king is not saved by a large army;
a warrior will not be delivered by great strength.(E)
17 The horse is a false hope for safety;
it provides no escape by its great power.(F)
20 We wait for Yahweh;(I)
He is our help and shield.(J)
21 For our hearts rejoice in Him(K)
because we trust in His holy name.(L)
22 May Your faithful love rest on us, Yahweh,
for we put our hope in You.(M)
- 33:12 : Ex 19:5; Dt 7:6; Ps 144:15
- 33:13 : Jb 28:24; Ps 11:4; 14:2; 53:2
- 33:14 : Ps 102:19
- 33:15 : Jb 34:21
- 33:16 : Ps 44:6; 60:11
- 33:17 : Ps 20:7; 147:10; Hs 1:7
- 33:18 : Jb 36:7; Ps 34:15; 1Pt 3:12
- 33:19 : Jb 5:20; Ps 37:19; 56:13
- 33:20 : Ps 130:6; Is 8:17
- 33:20 : Gn 15:1; Dt 33:29; Ps 3:3; 5:12; 18:2; 28:7; 115:9-11
- 33:21 : Ps 13:5; 28:7; Jn 16:22
- 33:21 : Zph 3:12
- 33:22 : Ps 130:7; 147:11
Wisdom versus Foolishness
9 Wisdom has built her house;(A)
she has carved out her seven pillars.
2 She has prepared her meat;(B) she has mixed her wine;(C)
she has also set her table.(D)
3 She has sent out her female servants;(E)
she calls out from the highest points of the city:(F)
4 “Whoever is inexperienced, enter here!”
To the one who lacks sense,(G) she says,
5 “Come, eat my bread,(H)
and drink the wine I have mixed.
6 Leave inexperience behind, and you will live;
pursue the way of understanding.