The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday May 19, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 24-25

David Spares Saul

24 When Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines,(A) he was told, “David is in the wilderness near En-gedi.”(B) So Saul took three thousand of Israel’s fit young men(C) and went to look for David and his men in front of the Rocks of the Wild Goats. When Saul came to the sheep pens along the road, a cave was there, and he went in to relieve himself.[a](D) David and his men were staying in the recesses of the cave,(E) so they said to him, “Look, this is the day the Lord told you about: ‘I will hand your enemy over to you so you can do to him whatever you desire.’” Then David got up and secretly cut off the corner of Saul’s robe.

Afterward, David’s conscience bothered[b](F) him because he had cut off the corner of Saul’s robe.[c] He said to his men, “As the Lord is my witness, I would never do such a thing to my lord, the Lord’s anointed.(G) I will never lift my hand against him, since he is the Lord’s anointed.”(H) With these words David persuaded[d] his men, and he did not let them rise up against Saul.

Then Saul left the cave and went on his way. After that, David got up, went out of the cave, and called to Saul, “My lord the king!” When Saul looked behind him, David knelt low with his face to the ground and paid homage.(I) David said to Saul, “Why do you listen to the words of people who say, ‘Look, David intends to harm you’? 10 You can see with your own eyes that the Lord handed you over to me today in the cave.(J) Someone advised me to kill you,(K) but I[e][f] took pity on you and said: I won’t lift my hand against my lord, since he is the Lord’s anointed. 11 Look, my father!(L) Look at the corner of your robe in my hand, for I cut it off, but I didn’t kill you. Recognize[g] that I’ve committed no crime or rebellion. I haven’t sinned against you even though you are hunting me down to take my life.(M)

12 “May the Lord judge between me and you, and may the Lord take vengeance on you for me, but my hand will never be against you.(N) 13 As the old proverb says, ‘Wickedness comes from wicked people.’(O) My hand will never be against you. 14 Who has the king of Israel come after? What are you chasing after? A dead dog? A single flea?(P) 15 May the Lord be judge and decide between you and me. May he take notice and plead my case and deliver[h] me from you.”(Q)

16 When David finished saying these things to him, Saul replied, “Is that your voice, David my son?” (R) Then Saul wept aloud 17 and said to David, “You are more righteous than I, for you have done what is good to me though I have done what is evil to you.(S) 18 You yourself have told me today what good you did for me: when the Lord handed me over to you, you didn’t kill me.(T) 19 When a man finds his enemy, does he let him go unharmed?[i](U) May the Lord repay you with good for what you’ve done for me today.

20 “Now I know for certain you will be king, and the kingdom of Israel will be established[j] in your hand.(V) 21 Therefore swear to me by the Lord that you will not cut off my descendants or wipe out my name from my father’s family.”(W) 22 So David swore to Saul. Then Saul went back home, and David and his men went up to the stronghold.(X)

David, Nabal, and Abigail

25 Samuel died,(Y) and all Israel assembled to mourn for him,(Z) and they buried him by his home in Ramah.(AA) David then went down to the Wilderness of Paran.[k](AB)

A man in Maon(AC) had a business in Carmel;(AD) he was a very rich man with three thousand sheep and one thousand goats and was shearing his sheep in Carmel. The man’s name was Nabal, and his wife’s name, Abigail. The woman was intelligent and beautiful, but the man, a Calebite,(AE) was harsh and evil in his dealings.

While David was in the wilderness, he heard that Nabal was shearing sheep, so David sent ten young men instructing them, “Go up to Carmel, and when you come to Nabal, greet him[l] in my name. Then say this: ‘Long life to you,[m] and peace to you, peace to your family, and peace to all that is yours.(AF) I hear that you are shearing.[n] When your shepherds were with us, we did not harass them, and nothing of theirs was missing the whole time they were in Carmel.(AG) Ask your young men, and they will tell you. So let my young men find favor with you, for we have come on a feast[o] day.(AH) Please give whatever you have on hand to your servants and to your son David.’”

David’s young men went and said all these things to Nabal on David’s behalf,[p] and they waited.[q] 10 Nabal asked them, “Who is David?(AI) Who is Jesse’s son? Many slaves these days are running away from their masters. 11 Am I supposed to take my bread, my water, and my meat that I butchered for my shearers and give them to these men? I don’t know where they are from.”

12 David’s young men retraced their steps. When they returned to him, they reported all these words. 13 He said to his men, “All of you, put on your swords!” So each man put on his sword, and David also put on his sword. About four hundred men followed David while two hundred stayed with the supplies.(AJ)

14 One of Nabal’s young men informed Abigail, Nabal’s wife, “Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master,(AK) but he screamed at them. 15 The men treated us very well. When we were in the field, we weren’t harassed(AL) and nothing of ours was missing the whole time we were living among them. 16 They were a wall around us, both day and night,(AM) the entire time we were with them herding the sheep. 17 Now consider carefully[r] what you should do, because there is certain to be trouble for our master and his entire family. He is such a worthless fool nobody can talk to him!”

18 Abigail hurried, taking two hundred loaves of bread, two clay jars of wine, five butchered sheep, a bushel[s] of roasted grain, one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of pressed figs, and loaded them on donkeys.(AN) 19 Then she said to her male servants, “Go ahead of me. I will be right behind you.”(AO) But she did not tell her husband, Nabal.

20 As she rode the donkey down a mountain pass hidden from view, she saw David and his men coming toward her and met them. 21 David had just said, “I guarded everything that belonged to this man in the wilderness for nothing. He was not missing anything, yet he paid me back evil for good. 22 May God punish me[t] and do so severely(AP) if I let any of his males[u] survive until morning.”(AQ)

23 When Abigail saw David, she quickly got off the donkey and knelt down with her face to the ground and paid homage to David.(AR) 24 She knelt at his feet and said, “The guilt is mine, my lord, but please let your servant speak to you directly. Listen to the words of your servant. 25 My lord should pay no attention to this worthless fool Nabal, for he lives up to his name:[v] His name means ‘stupid,’ and stupidity is all he knows.[w] I, your servant, didn’t see my lord’s young men whom you sent. 26 Now my lord, as surely as the Lord lives and as you yourself live—it is the Lord who kept you from participating in bloodshed and avenging yourself(AS) by your own hand—may your enemies and those who intend to harm my lord be like Nabal.(AT) 27 Let this gift(AU) your servant has brought to my lord be given to the young men who follow my lord. 28 Please forgive your servant’s offense,(AV) for the Lord is certain to make a lasting dynasty for my lord(AW) because he fights the Lord’s battles.(AX) Throughout your life, may evil[x] not be found in you.(AY)

29 “Someone is pursuing you and intends to take your life. My lord’s life is tucked safely in the place[y] where the Lord your God protects the living, but he is flinging away your enemies’ lives like stones from a sling.(AZ) 30 When the Lord does for my lord all the good he promised you and appoints you ruler over Israel,(BA) 31 there will not be remorse or a troubled conscience for my lord because of needless bloodshed or my lord’s revenge. And when the Lord does good things for my lord, may you remember me your servant.”(BB)

32 Then David said to Abigail, “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel,(BC) who sent you to meet me today! 33 May your discernment be blessed, and may you be blessed. Today you kept me from participating in bloodshed and avenging myself by my own hand.(BD) 34 Otherwise, as surely as the Lord God of Israel lives, who prevented me from harming you, if you had not come quickly to meet me, Nabal wouldn’t have had any males[z] left by morning light.” 35 Then David accepted what she had brought him and said, “Go home in peace.(BE) See, I have heard what you said and have granted your request.”(BF)

36 Then Abigail went to Nabal, and there he was in his house, holding a feast fit for a king.(BG) Nabal’s heart was cheerful,[aa] and he was very drunk, so she didn’t say anything[ab] to him(BH) until morning light.

37 In the morning when Nabal sobered up,[ac] his wife told him about these events. His heart died[ad] and he became a stone. 38 About ten days later, the Lord struck Nabal dead.(BI)

39 When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Blessed be the Lord who championed my cause against Nabal’s insults(BJ) and restrained his servant from doing evil.(BK) The Lord brought Nabal’s evil deeds back on his own head.”(BL)

Then David sent messengers to speak to Abigail about marrying him. 40 When David’s servants came to Abigail at Carmel, they said to her, “David sent us to bring you to him as a wife.”

41 She stood up, paid homage with her face to the ground,(BM) and said, “Here I am, your servant, a slave to wash the feet of my lord’s servants.”(BN) 42 Then Abigail got up quickly, and with her five female servants accompanying her, rode on the donkey following David’s messengers.(BO) And so she became his wife.

43 David also married Ahinoam of Jezreel,(BP) and the two of them became his wives. 44 But Saul gave his daughter Michal, David’s wife, to Palti(BQ) son of Laish, who was from Gallim.(BR)


  1. 24:3 Lit to cover his feet
  2. 24:5 Lit David’s heart struck
  3. 24:5 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss omit robe
  4. 24:7 Or restrained
  5. 24:10 LXX, Syr, Tg; MT reads she or it
  6. 24:10 Or my eye
  7. 24:11 Lit Know and see
  8. 24:15 Lit render a verdict for
  9. 24:19 Lit go on a good way
  10. 24:20 Or will flourish
  11. 25:1 LXX reads to Maon
  12. 25:5 Or Nabal, ask him for peace
  13. 25:6 Lit ‘To life
  14. 25:7 Lit you have shearers
  15. 25:8 Lit good
  16. 25:9 Lit name
  17. 25:9 LXX reads and he became arrogant
  18. 25:17 Lit Now know and see
  19. 25:18 Lit sheep, five seahs
  20. 25:22 LXX; MT reads David’s enemies
  21. 25:22 Lit of those of his who are urinating against the wall
  22. 25:25 Lit for as is his name is, so he is
  23. 25:25 Lit and foolishness is with him
  24. 25:28 Or trouble
  25. 25:29 Lit bundle
  26. 25:34 Lit had anyone urinating against a wall
  27. 25:36 Lit Nabal’s heart was good on him
  28. 25:36 Lit anything at all
  29. 25:37 Lit when the wine had gone out of Nabal
  30. 25:37 Lit Then his heart died within him

Cross references:

  1. 24:1 : 1Sm 23:28–29
  2. 24:1 : 1Sm 23:19
  3. 24:2 : 1Sm 13:2; 26:2
  4. 24:3 : Jdg 3:24
  5. 24:3 : Ps 57; Ps 142
  6. 24:5 : 2Sm 24:10
  7. 24:6 : 1Sm 26:9–11
  8. 24:6 : 1Sm 10:1
  9. 24:8 : 1Sm 25:23–24; 1Kg 1:31
  10. 24:10 : Ps 7:3–4
  11. 24:10 : 1Sm 24:4
  12. 24:11 : 2Kg 5:13
  13. 24:11 : 1Sm 23:14,23; 26:20
  14. 24:12 : 1Sm 26:10–11,23
  15. 24:13 : Mt 7:16–20; Lk 6:43–45
  16. 24:14 : 1Sm 26:20; 2Sm 9:8
  17. 24:15 : Ps 35:1
  18. 24:16 : 1Sm 26:17
  19. 24:17 : 1Sm 26:21
  20. 24:18 : 1Sm 26:23
  21. 24:19 : 1Sm 23:17; Pr 16:29
  22. 24:20 : 1Sm 13:14; 16:1–13
  23. 24:21 : Gn 21:23; 1Sm 20:14–17; 2Sm 21:6–8
  24. 24:22 : 1Sm 23:29
  25. 25:1 : 1Sm 28:3
  26. 25:1 : Dt 34:8
  27. 25:1 : 2Kg 21:18; 2Ch 33:20
  28. 25:1 : Gn 21:21; Nm 10:12; 13:3
  29. 25:2 : 1Sm 23:24
  30. 25:2 : Jos 15:55
  31. 25:3 : Jos 15:13; 1Sm 30:14
  32. 25:6 : 1Ch 12:18
  33. 25:7 : 1Sm 23:24–25; 25:15–16
  34. 25:8 : Neh 8:10–12
  35. 25:10 : Jdg 9:28
  36. 25:13 : 1Sm 23:13; 30:9–10
  37. 25:14 : 1Sm 13:10; 15:13
  38. 25:15 : 1Sm 25:7,21
  39. 25:16 : Ex 14:22
  40. 25:18 : 2Sm 16:1; 1Ch 12:40
  41. 25:19 : Gn 32:16,20
  42. 25:22 : 1Sm 3:17; 20:13
  43. 25:22 : 1Kg 14:10
  44. 25:23 : 1Sm 20:41
  45. 25:26 : Heb 10:30
  46. 25:26 : 2Sm 18:32
  47. 25:27 : Gn 33:11; 1Sm 30:26
  48. 25:28 : 1Sm 25:24
  49. 25:28 : 1Sm 2:35; 22:14; 2Sm 7:11,16
  50. 25:28 : 1Sm 18:17
  51. 25:28 : 1Sm 24:11; Ps 7:3
  52. 25:29 : Jr 10:18
  53. 25:30 : 1Sm 13:14
  54. 25:31 : Gn 40:14; 1Sm 25:30
  55. 25:32 : Ex 18:10
  56. 25:33 : 1Sm 25:26
  57. 25:35 : 1Sm 20:42; 2Kg 5:19
  58. 25:35 : Gn 19:21
  59. 25:36 : 2Sm 13:23
  60. 25:36 : 1Sm 25:19
  61. 25:38 : 1Sm 26:10
  62. 25:39 : 1Sm 24:15
  63. 25:39 : 1Sm 25:26,34
  64. 25:39 : 2Sm 3:28–29
  65. 25:41 : 1Sm 25:23
  66. 25:41 : Mk 1:7
  67. 25:42 : Gn 24:61–67
  68. 25:43 : Jos 15:56
  69. 25:44 : 1Sm 18:27; 2Sm 3:14–15
  70. 25:44 : Is 10:30
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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John 10:22-42

Jesus at the Festival of Dedication

22 Then the Festival of Dedication took place in Jerusalem, and it was winter. 23 Jesus was walking in the temple in Solomon’s Colonnade.(A) 24 The Jews surrounded him and asked, “How long are you going to keep us in suspense?[a] If you are the Messiah,(B) tell us plainly.”[b](C)

25 “I did tell you and you don’t believe,” Jesus answered them. “The works(D) that I do in my Father’s name testify about me. 26 But you don’t believe because you are not of my sheep.[c](E) 27 My sheep hear my voice, I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life,(F) and they will never perish.(G) No one will snatch(H) them out of my hand. 29 My Father,(I) who has given them to me, is greater than all. No one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.”(J)

Renewed Efforts to Stone Jesus

31 Again the Jews picked up rocks to stone him.(K)

32 Jesus replied, “I have shown you many good works(L) from the Father. For which of these works are you stoning me?”

33 “We aren’t stoning(M) you for a good work,” the Jews answered, “but for blasphemy, because you—being a man—make yourself God.”

34 Jesus answered them, “Isn’t it written in your law,[d] I said, you are gods?[e](N) 35 If he called those to whom the word(O) of God came ‘gods’—and the Scripture(P) cannot be broken— 36 do you say, ‘You are blaspheming’ to the one the Father set apart and sent into the world, because I said: I am the Son of God?(Q) 37 If I am not doing my Father’s works,(R) don’t believe me. 38 But if I am doing them and you don’t believe me, believe the works. This way you will know and understand[f] that the Father is in me and I in the Father.”(S) 39 Then they were trying again to seize him,(T) but he escaped their grasp.(U)

Many beyond the Jordan Believe in Jesus

40 So he departed again across the Jordan(V) to the place where John(W) had been baptizing earlier, and he remained there. 41 Many came to him(X) and said, “John never did a sign, but everything John said about this man was true.” 42 And many believed in him there.


  1. 10:24 Lit “How long are you taking away our life?
  2. 10:24 Or openly, or publicly
  3. 10:26 Other mss add just as I told you
  4. 10:34 Other mss read in the scripture
  5. 10:34 Ps 82:6
  6. 10:38 Other mss read know and believe
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Psalm 116

Psalm 116

Thanks to God for Deliverance

I love the Lord because he has heard
my appeal for mercy.(A)
Because he has turned his ear to me,
I will call out to him as long as I live.(B)

The ropes of death were wrapped around me,
and the torments of Sheol overcame me;
I encountered trouble and sorrow.(C)
Then I called on the name of the Lord:
Lord, save me!” (D)

The Lord is gracious and righteous;
our God is compassionate.(E)
The Lord guards the inexperienced;
I was helpless, and he saved me.(F)
Return to your rest, my soul,
for the Lord has been good to you.(G)
For you, Lord, rescued me from death,
my eyes from tears,
my feet from stumbling.(H)
I will walk before the Lord
in the land of the living.(I)
10 I believed, even when I said,
“I am severely oppressed.”(J)
11 In my alarm I said,
“Everyone is a liar.”(K)

12 How can I repay the Lord
for all the good he has done for me?(L)
13 I will take the cup of salvation
and call on the name of the Lord.(M)
14 I will fulfill my vows to the Lord
in the presence of all his people.(N)

15 The death of his faithful ones
is valuable in the Lord’s sight.(O)
16 Lord, I am indeed your servant;
I am your servant, the son of your female servant.
You have loosened my bonds.(P)

17 I will offer you a thanksgiving sacrifice
and call on the name of the Lord.(Q)
18 I will fulfill my vows to the Lord
in the presence of all his people,(R)
19 in the courts of the Lord’s house—
within you, Jerusalem.(S)

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Proverbs 15:20-21

20 A wise son brings joy to his father,
but a foolish man despises his mother.(A)

21 Foolishness brings joy to one without sense,
but a person with understanding walks a straight path.(B)

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday May 18, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 22-23

Saul’s Increasing Paranoia

22 So David left Gath and took refuge in the cave of Adullam.(A) When David’s brothers and his father’s whole family heard, they went down and joined him there. In addition, every man who was desperate, in debt, or discontented rallied around him, and he became their leader. About four hundred men were with him.(B)

From there David went to Mizpeh of Moab where he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and mother stay with you until I know what God will do for me.” So he left them in the care of the king of Moab, and they stayed with him the whole time David was in the stronghold.

Then the prophet Gad(C) said to David, “Don’t stay in the stronghold. Leave and return to the land of Judah.” So David left and went to the forest of Hereth.

Saul heard that David and his men had been discovered. At that time Saul was in Gibeah, sitting under the tamarisk tree(D) at the high place. His spear was in his hand, and all his servants were standing around him. Saul said to his servants, “Listen, men of Benjamin: Is Jesse’s son going to give all of you fields and vineyards? Do you think he’ll make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds?(E) That’s why all of you have conspired against me! Nobody tells me when my own son makes a covenant with Jesse’s son.(F) None of you cares about me(G) or tells me that my son has stirred up my own servant to wait in ambush for me, as is the case today.”

Then Doeg the Edomite,(H) who was in charge of Saul’s servants, answered, “I saw Jesse’s son come to Ahimelech son of Ahitub at Nob.(I) 10 Ahimelech inquired of the Lord for him(J) and gave him provisions.(K) He also gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”(L)

Slaughter of the Priests

11 The king sent messengers to summon the priest Ahimelech son of Ahitub, and his father’s whole family, who were priests in Nob. All of them came to the king. 12 Then Saul said, “Listen, son of Ahitub!”

“I’m at your service,(M) my lord,” he said.

13 Saul asked him, “Why did you and Jesse’s son conspire against me? You gave him bread and a sword and inquired of God for him, so he could rise up against me and wait in ambush, as is the case today.”(N)

14 Ahimelech replied to the king, “Who among all your servants is as faithful as David?(O) He is the king’s son-in-law, captain of your bodyguard, and honored in your house. 15 Was today the first time I inquired of God for him?(P) Of course not! Please don’t let the king make an accusation against your servant or any of my father’s family, for your servant didn’t have any idea[a] about all this.”

16 But the king said, “You will die, Ahimelech—you and your father’s whole family!”

17 Then the king ordered the guards standing by him, “Turn and kill the priests of the Lord(Q) because they sided with David. For they knew he was fleeing, but they didn’t tell me.” But the king’s servants would not lift a hand to execute the priests of the Lord.

18 So the king said to Doeg, “Go and execute the priests!” So Doeg the Edomite went and executed the priests himself. On that day, he killed eighty-five men(R) who wore linen ephods.(S) 19 He also struck down Nob, the city of the priests, with the sword—both men and women, infants and nursing babies, oxen, donkeys, and sheep.(T)

20 However, one of the sons of Ahimelech son of Ahitub escaped. His name was Abiathar,(U) and he fled to David.(V) 21 Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the priests of the Lord. 22 Then David said to Abiathar, “I knew that Doeg the Edomite(W) was there that day and that he was sure to report to Saul. I myself am responsible for[b] the lives of everyone in your father’s family. 23 Stay with me. Don’t be afraid, for the one who wants to take my life wants to take your life.(X) You will be safe with me.”

Deliverance at Keilah

23 It was reported to David, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah(Y) and raiding the threshing floors.”

So David inquired of the Lord:(Z) “Should I launch an attack against these Philistines?”

The Lord answered David, “Launch an attack against the Philistines and rescue Keilah.”

But David’s men said to him, “Look, we’re afraid here in Judah; how much more if we go to Keilah against the Philistine forces!”

Once again, David inquired of the Lord, and the Lord answered him, “Go at once to Keilah, for I will hand the Philistines over to you.”(AA) Then David and his men went to Keilah, fought against the Philistines, drove their livestock away, and inflicted heavy losses on them. So David rescued the inhabitants of Keilah. Abiathar son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, and he brought an ephod with him.

When it was reported to Saul that David had gone to Keilah, he said, “God has handed him over to me, for he has trapped himself by entering a town with barred gates.” Then Saul summoned all the troops to go to war at Keilah and besiege David and his men.

When David learned that Saul was plotting evil against him, he said to the priest Abiathar,(AB) “Bring the ephod.”(AC)

10 Then David said, “Lord God of Israel, your servant has reliable information that Saul intends to come to Keilah and destroy the town because of me. 11 Will the citizens of Keilah hand me over to him? Will Saul come down as your servant has heard? Lord God of Israel, please tell your servant.”

The Lord answered, “He will come down.”

12 Then David asked, “Will the citizens of Keilah hand me and my men over to Saul?”

“They will,”(AD) the Lord responded.

13 So David and his men, numbering about six hundred,(AE) left Keilah at once and moved from place to place.(AF) When it was reported to Saul that David had escaped from Keilah, he called off the expedition. 14 David then stayed in the wilderness strongholds and in the hill country of the Wilderness of Ziph.(AG) Saul searched for him every day, but God did not hand David over to him.(AH)

A Renewed Covenant

15 David was in the Wilderness of Ziph in Horesh when he saw that Saul had come out to take his life. 16 Then Saul’s son Jonathan came to David in Horesh and encouraged him in his faith[c] in God,(AI) 17 saying, “Don’t be afraid, for my father Saul will never lay a hand on you. You yourself will be king over Israel,(AJ) and I’ll be your second-in-command. Even my father Saul knows it is true.”(AK) 18 Then the two of them made a covenant in the Lord’s presence.(AL) Afterward, David remained in Horesh, while Jonathan went home.

David’s Narrow Escape

19 Some Ziphites(AM) came up to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Isn’t it true that David is hiding among us in the strongholds in Horesh on the hill of Hachilah south of Jeshimon? 20 So now, whenever the king wants to come down, let him come down. As for us, we will be glad to hand him over to the king.”(AN)

21 “May you be blessed by the Lord,” replied Saul, “for you have shown concern for me.(AO) 22 Go and check again. Investigate[d] where he goes[e] and who has seen him there; they tell me he is extremely cunning. 23 Investigate[f] all the places where he hides. Then come back to me with accurate information, and I’ll go with you. If it turns out he really is in the region, I’ll search for him among all the clans[g] of Judah.” 24 So they went to Ziph ahead of Saul.

Now David and his men were in the wilderness near Maon(AP) in the Arabah south of Jeshimon, 25 and Saul and his men went to look for him. When David was told about it, he went down to the rock and stayed in the Wilderness of Maon. Saul heard of this and pursued David there.

26 Saul went along one side of the mountain and David and his men went along the other side. Even though David was hurrying to get away from Saul, Saul and his men were closing in on David and his men to capture them.(AQ) 27 Then a messenger came to Saul saying, “Come quickly, because the Philistines have raided the land!” 28 So Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to engage the Philistines. Therefore, that place was named the Rock of Separation. 29 From there David went up and stayed in the strongholds of En-gedi.(AR)


  1. 22:15 Lit didn’t know a thing, small or large
  2. 22:22 LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads I myself turn in
  3. 23:16 Lit and strengthened his hand
  4. 23:22 Lit Know and see
  5. 23:22 Lit watch his place where his foot will be
  6. 23:23 Lit See and know
  7. 23:23 Or thousands
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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John 10:1-21

The Good Shepherd

10 “Truly I tell you, anyone who doesn’t enter the sheep pen by the gate but climbs in some other way is a thief and a robber.(A) The one who enters by the gate is the shepherd(B) of the sheep.(C) The gatekeeper opens it for him, and the sheep hear his voice. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. When he has brought all his own outside, he goes ahead of them. The sheep follow him because they know his voice. They will never follow a stranger; instead they will run away from him, because they don’t know the voice of strangers.” Jesus gave them this figure of speech, but they did not understand(D) what he was telling them.

Jesus said again, “Truly I tell you, I am(E) the gate for the sheep.(F) All who came before me[a] are thieves and robbers, but the sheep didn’t listen to them. I am the gate. If anyone enters by me, he will be saved and will come in and go out and find pasture. 10 A thief comes only to steal(G) and kill and destroy.(H) I have come so that they may have life and have it in abundance.

11 “I am the good shepherd.(I) The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.(J) 12 The hired hand, since he is not the shepherd and doesn’t own the sheep, leaves them[b] and runs away when he sees a wolf(K) coming. The wolf then snatches and scatters them. 13 This happens because he is a hired hand and doesn’t care about the sheep.

14 “I am the good shepherd. I know my own, and my own know me, 15 just as the Father knows me, and I know the Father.(L) I lay down my life(M) for the sheep. 16 But I have other sheep(N) that are not from this sheep pen; I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. Then there will be one flock, one shepherd.(O) 17 This is why the Father loves me,(P) because I lay down my life(Q) so that I may take it up again. 18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down on my own. I have the right to lay it down, and I have the right to take it up again. I have received this command from my Father.”(R)

19 Again the Jews were divided(S) because of these words. 20 Many of them were saying, “He has a demon(T) and he’s crazy. Why do you listen to him?” 21 Others were saying, “These aren’t the words of someone who is demon-possessed. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?” (U)


  1. 10:8 Other mss omit before me
  2. 10:12 Lit leaves the sheep
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Psalm 115

Psalm 115

Glory to God Alone

Not to us, Lord, not to us,
but to your name give glory
because of your faithful love, because of your truth.(A)
Why should the nations say,
“Where is their God?” (B)
Our God is in heaven
and does whatever he pleases.(C)

Their idols are silver and gold,
made by human hands.(D)
They have mouths but cannot speak,
eyes, but cannot see.
They have ears but cannot hear,
noses, but cannot smell.(E)
They have hands but cannot feel,
feet, but cannot walk.(F)
They cannot make a sound with their throats.(G)
Those who make them are[a] just like them,
as are all who trust in them.(H)

Israel,[b] trust in the Lord!(I)
He is their help and shield.(J)
10 House of Aaron, trust in the Lord!(K)
He is their help and shield.(L)
11 You who fear the Lord, trust in the Lord!(M)
He is their help and shield.
12 The Lord remembers us and will bless us.
He will bless the house of Israel;
he will bless the house of Aaron;(N)
13 he will bless those who fear the Lord
small and great alike.(O)

14 May the Lord add to your numbers,
both yours and your children’s.(P)
15 May you be blessed by the Lord,
the Maker of heaven and earth.(Q)
16 The heavens are the Lord’s,[c]
but the earth he has given to the human race.(R)
17 It is not the dead who praise the Lord,
nor any of those descending into the silence of death.(S)
18 But we will bless the Lord,
both now and forever.(T)


  1. 115:8 Or May those who make them become
  2. 115:9 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr read House of Israel
  3. 115:16 Lit the Lord’s heavens
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Proverbs 15:18-19

18 A hot-tempered person stirs up conflict,(A)
but one slow to anger(B) calms strife.

19 A slacker’s way is like a thorny hedge,
but the path of the upright is a highway.(C)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday May 17, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 20-21

Jonathan Protects David

20 David fled from Naioth in Ramah and came to Jonathan and asked, “What have I done?(A) What did I do wrong? How have I sinned against your father so that he wants to take my life?”

Jonathan said to him, “No, you won’t die. Listen, my father doesn’t do anything, great or small, without telling me. So why would he hide this matter from me? This can’t be true.”

But David said, “Your father certainly knows that I have found favor with you. He has said, ‘Jonathan must not know of this, or else he will be grieved.’” David also swore, “As surely as the Lord lives and as you yourself live, there is but a step between me and death.”(B)

Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you say, I will do for you.”

So David told him, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon,(C) and I’m supposed to sit down and eat with the king.(D) Instead, let me go, and I’ll hide in the countryside for the next two nights.[a](E) If your father misses me at all, say, ‘David urgently requested my permission to go quickly to his hometown, Bethlehem,(F) for an annual sacrifice(G) there involving the whole clan.’ If he says, ‘Good,’ then your servant is safe, but if he becomes angry, you will know he has evil intentions. Deal kindly with[b] your servant, for you have brought me into a covenant with you before the Lord.(H) If I have done anything wrong,(I) then kill me yourself; why take me to your father?”

“No!” Jonathan responded. “If I ever find out my father has evil intentions against you, wouldn’t I tell you about it?”

10 So David asked Jonathan, “Who will tell me if your father answers you harshly?”

11 He answered David, “Come on, let’s go out to the countryside.” So both of them went out to the countryside. 12 “By the Lord, the God of Israel, I will sound out my father by this time tomorrow or the next day. If I find out that he is favorable toward you, will I not send for you and tell you? 13 If my father intends to bring evil on you, may the Lord punish Jonathan and do so severely(J) if I do not tell you and send you away so you may leave safely. May the Lord be with you,(K) just as he was with my father. 14 If I continue to live, show me kindness[c] from the Lord, but if I die, 15 don’t ever withdraw your kindness from my household—not even when the Lord cuts off every one of David’s enemies from the face of the earth.”(L) 16 Then Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David,(M) saying, “May the Lord hold David’s enemies accountable.”[d](N) 17 Jonathan once again swore to David[e] in his love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself.(O)

18 Then Jonathan said to him, “Tomorrow is the New Moon;(P) you’ll be missed because your seat will be empty. 19 The following day hurry down and go to the place where you hid on the day this incident began and stay beside the rock Ezel. 20 I will shoot three arrows beside it as if I’m aiming at a target. 21 Then I will send a servant and say, ‘Go and find the arrows!’ Now, if I expressly say to the servant, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you—get them,’ then come, because as the Lord lives, it is safe for you and there is no problem. 22 But if I say this to the youth, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you!’ (Q) then go, for the Lord is sending you away. 23 As for the matter you and I have spoken about,(R) the Lord will be a witness[f] between you and me forever.”(S) 24 So David hid in the countryside.

At the New Moon, the king sat down to eat the meal. 25 He sat at his usual place on the seat by the wall. Jonathan sat facing him[g] and Abner took his place beside Saul, but David’s place was empty.(T) 26 Saul did not say anything that day because he thought, “Something unexpected has happened; he must be ceremonially unclean—yes, that’s it, he is unclean.”(U)

27 However, the day after the New Moon, the second day, David’s place was still empty, and Saul asked his son Jonathan, “Why didn’t Jesse’s son come to the meal either yesterday or today?”

28 Jonathan answered, “David asked for my permission to go to Bethlehem.(V) 29 He said, ‘Please let me go because our clan is holding a sacrifice in the town, and my brother has told me to be there. So now, if I have found favor with you, let me go so I can see my brothers.’ That’s why he didn’t come to the king’s table.”

30 Then Saul became angry with Jonathan and shouted, “You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Don’t I know that you are siding with Jesse’s son to your own shame and to the disgrace of your mother?[h] 31 Every day Jesse’s son lives on earth you and your kingship are not secure. Now send for him and bring him to me—he must die!” (W)

32 Jonathan answered his father back, “Why is he to be killed? What has he done?” (X)

33 Then Saul threw his spear at Jonathan to kill him,(Y) so he knew that his father was determined to kill David.(Z) 34 He got up from the table fiercely angry and did not eat any food that second day of the New Moon, for he was grieved because of his father’s shameful behavior toward David.

35 In the morning Jonathan went out to the countryside for the appointed meeting with David. A young servant was with him. 36 He said to the servant, “Run and find the arrows I’m shooting.”(AA) As the servant ran, Jonathan shot an arrow beyond him. 37 He came to the location of the arrow that Jonathan had shot, but Jonathan called to him and said, “The arrow is beyond you, isn’t it?” (AB) 38 Then Jonathan called to him, “Hurry up and don’t stop!” Jonathan’s servant picked up the arrow and returned to his master. 39 He did not know anything; only Jonathan and David knew the arrangement. 40 Then Jonathan gave his equipment to the servant who was with him and said, “Go, take it back to the city.”

41 When the servant had gone, David got up from the south side of the stone Ezel, fell facedown to the ground, and paid homage three times.(AC) Then he and Jonathan kissed each other and wept with each other, though David wept more.(AD)

42 Jonathan then said to David, “Go in the assurance the two of us pledged in the name of the Lord when we said, ‘The Lord will be a witness between you and me and between my offspring and your offspring forever.’”(AE) Then David left, and Jonathan went into the city.

David Flees to Nob

21 David went to the priest Ahimelech(AF) at Nob.(AG) Ahimelech was afraid to meet David, so he said to him, “Why are you alone and no one is with you?”

David answered the priest Ahimelech, “The king gave me a mission, but he told me, ‘Don’t let anyone know anything about the mission I’m sending you on or what I have ordered you to do.’ I have stationed my young men at a certain place. Now what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread or whatever can be found.”

The priest told him, “There is no ordinary bread on hand. However, there is consecrated bread,(AH) but the young men may eat it[i] only if they have kept themselves from women.”(AI)

David answered him, “I swear that women are being kept from us, as always when I go out to battle.(AJ) The young men’s bodies[j] are consecrated(AK) even on an ordinary mission, so of course their bodies are consecrated today.” So the priest gave him the consecrated bread,(AL) for there was no bread there except the Bread of the Presence(AM) that had been removed from the presence of the Lord. When the bread was removed, it had been replaced with warm bread.

One of Saul’s servants, detained before the Lord, was there that day. His name was Doeg the Edomite,(AN) chief of Saul’s shepherds.

David said to Ahimelech, “Do you have a spear or sword on hand? I didn’t even bring my sword or my weapons since the king’s mission was urgent.”

The priest replied, “The sword of Goliath the Philistine,(AO) whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, is here, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod. If you want to take it for yourself, then take it, for there isn’t another one here.”

“There’s none like it!” David said. “Give it to me.”

David Flees to Gath

10 David fled that day from Saul’s presence and went to King Achish of Gath.(AP) 11 But Achish’s servants said to him, “Isn’t this David, the king of the land? Don’t they sing about him during their dances:

Saul has killed his thousands,
but David his tens of thousands?” (AQ)

12 David took this to heart and became very afraid of King Achish of Gath, 13 so he pretended to be insane in their presence.(AR) He acted like a madman around them,[k] scribbling[l] on the doors of the city gate and letting saliva run down his beard.

14 “Look! You can see the man is crazy,” Achish said to his servants. “Why did you bring him to me? 15 Do I have such a shortage of crazy people that you brought this one to act crazy around me? Is this one going to come into my house?” (AS)


  1. 20:5 Lit countryside until the third night
  2. 20:8 Or Show loyalty to
  3. 20:14 Or loyalty, also in v. 15
  4. 20:16 Lit Lord require it from the hand of David’s enemies
  5. 20:17 LXX; MT reads Jonathan once again made David swear
  6. 20:23 LXX; MT omits a witness
  7. 20:25 Text emended; MT reads Jonathan got up
  8. 20:30 Lit your mother’s nakedness
  9. 21:4 DSS; MT omits may eat it
  10. 21:5 Lit vessels
  11. 21:13 Lit madman in their hand
  12. 21:13 LXX reads drumming
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John 9

The Sixth Sign: Healing a Man Born Blind

As he was passing by, he saw a man blind from birth. His disciples asked him, “Rabbi,(A) who sinned, this man(B) or his parents,(C) that he was born blind?”

“Neither this man nor his parents sinned,” Jesus answered. “This came about so that God’s works(D) might be displayed in him. We[a] must do the works(E) of him who sent me[b] while it is day.(F) Night is coming when no one can work. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”(G)

After he said these things he spit on the ground, made some mud(H) from the saliva, and spread the mud on his eyes. “Go,” he told him, “wash in the pool of Siloam”(I) (which means “Sent”). So he left, washed, and came back seeing.(J)

His neighbors and those who had seen him before as a beggar said, “Isn’t this the one who used to sit begging?” Some said, “He’s the one.” Others were saying, “No, but he looks like him.”

He kept saying, “I’m the one.”

10 So they asked him, “Then how were your eyes opened?”

11 He answered, “The man called Jesus made mud, spread it on my eyes, and told me, ‘Go to Siloam(K) and wash.’ So when I went and washed I received my sight.”(L)

12 “Where is he?” they asked.

“I don’t know,” he said.

The Healed Man’s Testimony

13 They brought the man who used to be blind to the Pharisees.(M) 14 The day that Jesus made the mud and opened his eyes was a Sabbath.(N) 15 Then the Pharisees asked him again how he received his sight.

“He put mud on my eyes,” he told them. “I washed and I can see.”

16 Some of the Pharisees said, “This man is not from God,(O) because he doesn’t keep the Sabbath.” But others were saying, “How can a sinful man(P) perform such signs?” And there was a division(Q) among them.

17 Again they asked the blind man, “What do you say about him, since he opened your eyes?”

“He’s a prophet,”(R) he said.

18 The Jews did not believe this about him—that he was blind and received sight—until they summoned the parents of the one who had received his sight.

19 They asked them, “Is this your son, the one you say was born blind? How then does he now see?”

20 “We know this is our son and that he was born blind,” his parents answered. 21 “But we don’t know how he now sees, and we don’t know who opened his eyes. Ask him; he’s of age. He will speak for himself.” 22 His parents said these things because they were afraid of the Jews, since the Jews had already agreed that if anyone confessed him as the Messiah,(S) he would be banned from the synagogue. 23 This is why his parents said, “He’s of age; ask him.”

24 So a second time they summoned the man who had been blind and told him, “Give glory(T) to God.(U) We know that this man is a sinner.”

25 He answered, “Whether or not he’s a sinner, I don’t know. One thing I do know: I was blind, and now I can see!”

26 Then they asked him, “What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?”

27 “I already told you,” he said, “and you didn’t listen. Why do you want to hear it again? You don’t want to become his disciples too, do you?”

28 They ridiculed him: “You’re that man’s disciple, but we’re Moses’s(V) disciples. 29 We know that God has spoken to Moses. But this man—we don’t know where he’s from.”(W)

30 “This is an amazing thing!” the man told them. “You don’t know where he is from, and yet he opened my eyes. 31 We know that God doesn’t listen to sinners,(X) but if anyone is God-fearing and does his will,(Y) he listens to him.(Z) 32 Throughout history[c] no one has ever heard of someone opening the eyes of a person born blind.(AA) 33 If this man were not from God, he wouldn’t be able to do anything.”(AB)

34 “You were born entirely in sin,”(AC) they replied, “and are you trying to teach us?” Then they threw him out.(AD)

Spiritual Blindness

35 Jesus heard that they had thrown the man out, and when he found him, he asked, “Do you believe in the Son of Man?”[d](AE)

36 “Who is he, Sir,(AF) that I may believe in him?” he asked.

37 Jesus answered, “You have seen him; in fact, he is the one speaking with you.”

38 “I believe, Lord!” he said, and he worshiped him.

39 Jesus said, “I came into this world(AG) for judgment,(AH) in order that those who do not see will see and those who do see will become blind.”(AI)

40 Some of the Pharisees who were with him heard these things and asked him, “We aren’t blind too, are we?”

41 “If you were blind,” Jesus told them, “you wouldn’t have sin.(AJ) But now that you say, ‘We see,’ your sin remains.


  1. 9:4 Other mss read I
  2. 9:4 Other mss read us
  3. 9:32 Lit From the age
  4. 9:35 Other mss read the Son of God
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Psalm 113-114

Psalm 113

Praise to the Merciful God

Give praise, servants of the Lord;
praise the name of the Lord.(A)
Let the name of the Lord be blessed
both now and forever.(B)
From the rising of the sun to its setting,
let the name of the Lord be praised.(C)

The Lord is exalted above all the nations,(D)
his glory above the heavens.(E)
Who is like the Lord our God—
the one enthroned on high,(F)
who stoops down to look
on the heavens and the earth?(G)
He raises the poor from the dust
and lifts the needy from the trash heap(H)
in order to seat them with nobles—
with the nobles of his people.(I)
He gives the childless woman a household,
making her the joyful mother of children.(J)

Psalm 114

God’s Deliverance of Israel

When Israel came out of Egypt—
the house of Jacob from a people
who spoke a foreign language(K)
Judah became his sanctuary,
Israel, his dominion.(L)

The sea looked and fled;(M)
the Jordan turned back.(N)
The mountains skipped like rams,
the hills, like lambs.(O)
Why was it, sea, that you fled?
Jordan, that you turned back?(P)
Mountains, that you skipped like rams?
Hills, like lambs?(Q)

Tremble, earth, at the presence of the Lord,
at the presence of the God of Jacob,(R)
who turned the rock into a pool,
the flint into a spring.(S)

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Proverbs 15:15-17

15 All the days of the oppressed are miserable,
but a cheerful heart has a continual feast.

16 Better a little with the fear of the Lord
than great treasure with turmoil.(A)

17 Better a meal of vegetables where there is love
than a fattened ox(B) with hatred.(C)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday May 16, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 18:5-19:24

David marched out with the army and was successful in everything Saul sent him to do. Saul put him in command of the fighting men, which pleased all the people and Saul’s servants as well.

As the troops were coming back, when David was returning from killing the Philistine, the women came out from all the cities of Israel to meet King Saul,(A) singing and dancing with tambourines, with shouts of joy, and with three-stringed instruments. As they danced, the women sang:

Saul has killed his thousands,
but David his tens of thousands.(B)

Saul was furious and resented this song. “They credited tens of thousands to David,” he complained, “but they only credited me with thousands. What more can he have but the kingdom?” (C) So Saul watched David jealously from that day forward.

Saul Attempts to Kill David

10 The next day an evil spirit sent from God came powerfully on Saul,(D) and he began to rave[a] inside the palace. David was playing the lyre as usual,(E) but Saul was holding a spear,(F) 11 and he threw it, thinking, “I’ll pin David to the wall.”(G) But David got away from him twice.

12 Saul was afraid of David,(H) because the Lord was with David(I) but had left Saul.(J) 13 Therefore, Saul sent David away from him and made him commander over a thousand men. David led the troops(K) 14 and continued to be successful in all his activities because the Lord was with him.(L) 15 When Saul observed that David was very successful, he dreaded him. 16 But all Israel and Judah loved David(M) because he was leading their troops. 17 Saul told David, “Here is my oldest daughter Merab. I’ll give her to you as a wife(N) if you will be a warrior for me and fight the Lord’s battles.”(O) But Saul was thinking, “I don’t need to raise a hand against him; let the hand of the Philistines be against him.”(P)

18 Then David responded, “Who am I,(Q) and what is my family or my father’s clan in Israel that I should become the king’s son-in-law?” 19 When it was time to give Saul’s daughter Merab to David, she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.(R)

David’s Marriage to Michal

20 Now Saul’s daughter Michal(S) loved David, and when it was reported to Saul, it pleased him. 21 “I’ll give her to him,” Saul thought. “She’ll be a trap for him, and the hand of the Philistines will be against him.”(T) So Saul said to David a second time, “You can now be my son-in-law.”(U)

22 Saul then ordered his servants, “Speak to David in private and tell him, ‘Look, the king is pleased with you, and all his servants love you. Therefore, you should become the king’s son-in-law.’”

23 Saul’s servants reported these words directly to David, but he replied, “Is it trivial in your sight to become the king’s son-in-law? I am a poor commoner.”(V)

24 The servants reported back to Saul, “These are the words David spoke.”

25 Then Saul replied, “Say this to David: ‘The king desires no other bride-price(W) except a hundred Philistine foreskins, to take revenge on his enemies.’”(X) Actually, Saul intended to cause David’s death at the hands of the Philistines.(Y)

26 When the servants reported these terms to David, he was pleased to become the king’s son-in-law. Before the wedding day arrived, 27 David and his men went out and killed two hundred[b] Philistines. He brought their foreskins and presented them as full payment to the king to become his son-in-law. Then Saul gave his daughter Michal to David as his wife.(Z) 28 Saul realized[c] that the Lord was with David and that his daughter Michal loved him, 29 and he became even more afraid of David. As a result, Saul was David’s enemy from then on.

30 Every time the Philistine commanders came out to fight,(AA) David was more successful than all of Saul’s officers.(AB) So his name became well known.

David Delivered from Saul

19 Saul ordered his son Jonathan and all his servants to kill David.(AC) But Saul’s son Jonathan liked David very much,(AD) so he told him, “My father, Saul, intends to kill you. Be on your guard in the morning and hide in a secret place and stay there. I’ll go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are and talk to him about you. When I see what he says, I’ll tell you.”(AE)

Jonathan spoke well of David to his father, Saul. He said to him, “The king should not sin against his servant David.(AF) He hasn’t sinned against you; in fact, his actions have been a great advantage to you. He took his life in his hands when he struck down the Philistine,(AG) and the Lord brought about a great victory for all Israel.(AH) You saw it and rejoiced, so why would you sin against innocent blood by killing David for no reason?” (AI)

Saul listened to Jonathan’s advice and swore an oath: “As surely as the Lord lives, David will not be killed.” So Jonathan summoned David and told him all these words. Then Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he served him as he did before.(AJ)

When war broke out again, David went out and fought against the Philistines. He defeated them with such great force that they fled from him.

Now an evil spirit sent from the Lord(AK) came on Saul as he was sitting in his palace holding a spear.(AL) David was playing the lyre,(AM) 10 and Saul tried to pin David to the wall with the spear.(AN) As the spear struck the wall, David eluded Saul, ran away, and escaped that night. 11 Saul sent agents to David’s house to watch for him and kill him in the morning.(AO) But his wife Michal(AP) warned David, “If you don’t escape tonight, you will be dead tomorrow!” 12 So she lowered David from the window, and he fled and escaped.(AQ) 13 Then Michal took the household idol and put it on the bed, placed some goat hair on its head, and covered it with a garment. 14 When Saul sent agents to seize David, Michal said, “He’s sick.”(AR)

15 Saul sent the agents back to see David and said, “Bring him on his bed so I can kill him.” 16 When the agents arrived, to their surprise, the household idol was on the bed with some goat hair on its head.

17 Saul asked Michal, “Why did you deceive me like this? You sent my enemy away, and he has escaped!”

She answered him, “He said to me, ‘Let me go! Why should I kill you?’”

18 So David fled and escaped and went to Samuel at Ramah(AS) and told him everything Saul had done to him. Then he and Samuel left and stayed at Naioth.(AT)

19 When it was reported to Saul that David was at Naioth in Ramah, 20 he sent agents to seize David.(AU) However, when they saw the group of prophets prophesying(AV) with Samuel leading them, the Spirit of God came on Saul’s agents, and they also started prophesying. 21 When they reported to Saul, he sent other agents, and they also began prophesying.(AW) So Saul tried again and sent a third group of agents, and even they began prophesying. 22 Then Saul himself went to Ramah. He came to the large cistern at Secu and asked, “Where are Samuel and David?”

“At Naioth in Ramah,” someone said.

23 So he went to Naioth in Ramah. The Spirit of God also came on him,(AX) and as he walked along, he prophesied until he entered Naioth in Ramah. 24 Saul then removed his clothes and also prophesied before Samuel; he collapsed and lay naked(AY) all that day and all that night. That is why they say, “Is Saul also among the prophets?” (AZ)


  1. 18:10 Or prophesy
  2. 18:27 LXX reads 100
  3. 18:28 Lit saw and knew
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John 8:31-59

31 Then Jesus said to the Jews who had believed him, “If you continue in my word,[a](A) you really are my disciples. 32 You will know the truth,(B) and the truth will set you free.”

33 “We are descendants[b] of Abraham,”(C) they answered him, “and we have never been enslaved to anyone. How can you say, ‘You will become free’?”

34 Jesus responded, “Truly I tell you, everyone who commits sin is a slave of sin.(D) 35 A slave does not remain in the household forever,(E) but a son does remain forever.(F) 36 So if the Son sets you free, you really will be free. 37 I know you are descendants of Abraham,(G) but you are trying to kill me because my word has no place among you. 38 I speak what I have seen(H) in the presence of the Father; [c](I) so then, you do what you have heard from your father.”

39 “Our father is Abraham,” they replied.

“If you were Abraham’s children,” Jesus told them, “you would do what Abraham did.(J) 40 But now you are trying to kill me, a man who has told you the truth(K) that I heard from God. Abraham did not do this. 41 You’re doing what your father does.”(L)

“We weren’t born(M) of sexual immorality,”(N) they said. “We have one Father—God.”(O)

42 Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me,(P) because I came from God(Q) and I am here. For I didn’t come on my own, but he sent me. 43 Why don’t you understand what I say? Because you cannot listen to[d] my word.(R) 44 You are of your father the devil,(S) and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer(T) from the beginning(U) and does not stand in the truth,(V) because there is no truth in him. When he tells a lie, he speaks from his own nature,[e] because he is a liar and the father of lies. 45 Yet because I tell the truth, you do not believe me. 46 Who among you can convict me of sin?(W) If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me? 47 The one who is from God listens to God’s words. This is why you don’t listen, because you are not from God.”

Jesus and Abraham

48 The Jews responded to him, “Aren’t we right in saying that you’re a Samaritan(X) and have a demon?” (Y)

49 “I do not have a demon,” Jesus answered. “On the contrary, I honor my Father and you dishonor me. 50 I do not seek my own glory; (Z) there is one who seeks it and judges. 51 Truly I tell you, if anyone keeps my word,(AA) he will never see death.”

52 Then the Jews said, “Now we know you have a demon. Abraham died and so did the prophets. You say, ‘If anyone keeps my word, he will never taste death.’ 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham who died? And the prophets died. Who do you claim to be?”

54 “If I glorify myself,” Jesus answered, “my glory is nothing. My Father—about whom you say, ‘He is our God’—he is the one who glorifies me. 55 You do not know him, but I know him. If I were to say I don’t know him,(AB) I would be a liar like you. But I do know him,(AC) and I keep his word. 56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day; he saw it(AD) and was glad.”

57 The Jews replied, “You aren’t fifty years old yet, and you’ve seen Abraham?” [f]

58 Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, before Abraham was, I am.”(AE)

59 So they picked up stones(AF) to throw at him.(AG) But Jesus was hidden[g](AH) and went out of the temple.[h](AI)


  1. 8:31 Or my teaching, or my message, also in v. 37
  2. 8:33 Or offspring; lit seed, also in v. 37; Jn 7:42
  3. 8:38 Other mss read of my Father
  4. 8:43 Or cannot hear
  5. 8:44 Lit from his own things
  6. 8:57 Other mss read and Abraham has seen you?
  7. 8:59 Or Jesus hid himself
  8. 8:59 Other mss add and having gone through their midst, he passed by
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Psalm 112

Psalm 112

The Traits of the Righteous

Happy is the person who fears the Lord,
taking great delight in his commands.(A)
His descendants will be powerful in the land;
the generation of the upright will be blessed.(B)
Wealth and riches are in his house,(C)
and his righteousness endures forever.(D)
Light shines in the darkness for the upright.(E)
He is gracious, compassionate, and righteous.(F)
Good will come to the one who lends generously
and conducts his business fairly.(G)
He will never be shaken.(H)
The righteous one will be remembered forever.(I)
He will not fear bad news;
his heart is confident, trusting in the Lord.(J)
His heart is assured; he will not fear.(K)
In the end he will look in triumph on his foes.(L)
He distributes freely to the poor;
his righteousness endures forever.(M)
His horn will be exalted in honor.(N)

10 The wicked one will see it and be angry;
he will gnash his teeth in despair.(O)
The desire of the wicked leads to ruin.(P)


  1. 112:1 The lines of this poem form an acrostic.
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Proverbs 15:12-14

12 A mocker doesn’t love one who corrects him;(A)
he will not consult the wise.

13 A joyful heart makes a face cheerful,
but a sad heart produces a broken spirit.(B)

14 A discerning mind seeks knowledge,(C)
but the mouth of fools feeds on foolishness.(D)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday May 15, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 17:1-18:4

David versus Goliath

17 The Philistines(A) gathered their forces for war at Socoh in Judah and camped between Socoh(B) and Azekah(C) in Ephes-dammim.(D) Saul and the men of Israel gathered and camped in the Valley of Elah;(E) then they lined up in battle formation to face the Philistines.

The Philistines were standing on one hill, and the Israelites were standing on another hill with a ravine between them. Then a champion named Goliath, from Gath,(F) came out from the Philistine camp. He was nine feet, nine inches[a][b] tall and wore a bronze helmet and bronze scale armor that weighed one hundred twenty-five pounds.[c] There was bronze armor on his shins, and a bronze javelin(G) was slung between his shoulders. His spear shaft(H) was like a weaver’s beam, and the iron point of his spear weighed fifteen pounds.[d] In addition, a shield-bearer(I) was walking in front of him.

He stood and shouted to the Israelite battle formations, “Why do you come out to line up in battle formation?” He asked them, “Am I not a Philistine and are you not servants of Saul?(J) Choose one of your men and have him come down against me. If he wins in a fight against me and kills me, we will be your servants. But if I win against him and kill him, then you will be our servants and serve us.”(K) 10 Then the Philistine said, “I defy the ranks of Israel today.(L) Send me a man so we can fight each other!” 11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words from the Philistine, they lost their courage and were terrified.

12 Now David was the son of the Ephrathite(M) from Bethlehem of Judah named Jesse. Jesse had eight sons(N) and during Saul’s reign was already an old man. 13 Jesse’s three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war, and their names(O) were Eliab, the firstborn, Abinadab, the next, and Shammah, the third, 14 and David was the youngest.(P) The three oldest had followed Saul, 15 but David kept going back and forth from Saul(Q) to tend his father’s flock in Bethlehem.

16 Every morning and evening for forty days the Philistine came forward and took his stand. 17 One day Jesse had told his son David, “Take this half-bushel[e] of roasted grain along with these ten loaves of bread(R) for your brothers and hurry to their camp. 18 Also take these ten portions of cheese to the field commander.[f] Check on the well-being of your brothers(S) and bring a confirmation from them. 19 They are with Saul and all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah fighting with the Philistines.”

20 So David got up early in the morning, left the flock with someone to keep it, loaded up, and set out as Jesse had charged him.

He arrived at the perimeter of the camp(T) as the army was marching out to its battle formation shouting their battle cry. 21 Israel and the Philistines lined up in battle formation facing each other. 22 David left his supplies in the care of the quartermaster(U) and ran to the battle line. When he arrived, he asked his brothers how they were. 23 While he was speaking with them, suddenly the champion named Goliath, the Philistine from Gath, came forward from the Philistine battle line and shouted his usual words,(V) which David heard. 24 When all the Israelite men saw Goliath, they retreated from him terrified.

25 Previously, an Israelite man had declared, “Do you see this man who keeps coming out? He comes to defy Israel. The king will make the man who kills him very rich and will give him his daughter.(W) The king will also make the family of that man’s father exempt from paying taxes in Israel.”(X)

26 David spoke to the men who were standing with him: “What will be done for the man who kills that Philistine and removes this disgrace from Israel?(Y) Just who is this uncircumcised Philistine(Z) that he should defy the armies(AA) of the living God?” (AB)

27 The troops told him about the offer, concluding, “That is what will be done for the man who kills him.”(AC)

28 David’s oldest brother Eliab listened as he spoke to the men, and he became angry with him.(AD) “Why did you come down here?” he asked. “Who did you leave those few sheep with in the wilderness? I know your arrogance and your evil heart—you came down to see the battle!”

29 “What have I done now?” protested David. “It was just a question.” 30 Then he turned from those beside him to others in front of him and asked about the offer. The people gave him the same answer as before.(AE)

31 What David said was overheard and reported to Saul, so he had David brought to him. 32 David said to Saul, “Don’t let anyone be discouraged by him;(AF) your servant will go(AG) and fight this Philistine!”

33 But Saul replied, “You can’t go fight this Philistine. You’re just a youth, and he’s been a warrior since he was young.”

34 David answered Saul, “Your servant has been tending his father’s sheep. Whenever a lion or a bear came and carried off a lamb from the flock, 35 I went after it, struck it down, and rescued the lamb from its mouth.(AH) If it reared up against me, I would grab it by its fur,[g] strike it down, and kill it. 36 Your servant has killed lions and bears; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living God.” 37 Then David said, “The Lord who rescued me from the paw of the lion and the paw of the bear will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine.”(AI)

Saul said to David, “Go, and may the Lord be with you.”(AJ)

38 Then Saul had his own military clothes put on David. He put a bronze helmet on David’s head and had him put on armor. 39 David strapped his sword on over the military clothes and tried to walk, but he was not used to them. “I can’t walk in these,” David said to Saul, “I’m not used to them.” So David took them off. 40 Instead, he took his staff in his hand(AK) and chose five smooth stones from the wadi and put them in the pouch, in his shepherd’s bag. Then, with his sling in his hand, he approached the Philistine.

41 The Philistine came closer and closer to David, with the shield-bearer in front of him. 42 When the Philistine looked and saw David, he despised him(AL) because he was just a youth, healthy[h](AM) and handsome. 43 He said to David, “Am I a dog(AN) that you come against me with sticks?” [i] Then he cursed David by his gods.(AO) 44 “Come here,” the Philistine called to David, “and I’ll give your flesh to the birds of the sky and the wild beasts!” (AP)

45 David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with a sword, spear, and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord of Armies, the God of the ranks of Israel—you have defied him.(AQ) 46 Today, the Lord will hand you over to me. Today, I’ll strike you down, remove your head, and give the corpses[j] of the Philistine camp to the birds of the sky and the wild creatures of the earth. Then all the world will know that Israel has a God,(AR) 47 and this whole assembly will know that it is not by sword or by spear that the Lord saves,(AS) for the battle is the Lord’s.(AT) He will hand you over to us.”

48 When the Philistine started forward to attack him, David ran quickly to the battle line to meet the Philistine.(AU) 49 David put his hand in the bag, took out a stone, slung it, and hit the Philistine on his forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown to the ground. 50 David defeated the Philistine with a sling and a stone. David overpowered the Philistine and killed him without having a sword. 51 David ran and stood over him. He grabbed the Philistine’s sword,(AV) pulled it from its sheath, and used it to kill him. Then he cut off his head. When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they fled.(AW) 52 The men of Israel and Judah rallied, shouting their battle cry, and chased the Philistines to the entrance of the valley and to the gates of Ekron.[k](AX) Philistine bodies were strewn all along the Shaaraim road(AY) to Gath and Ekron.

53 When the Israelites returned from the pursuit of the Philistines, they plundered their camps. 54 David took Goliath’s[l] head and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put Goliath’s weapons in his own tent.

55 [m] When Saul had seen David going out to confront the Philistine, he asked Abner the commander of the army, “Whose son is this youth, Abner?” (AZ)

“Your Majesty, as surely as you live, I don’t know,” Abner replied.

56 The king said, “Find out whose son this young man is!”

57 When David returned from killing the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul with the Philistine’s head still in his hand.(BA) 58 Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?”

“The son of your servant Jesse of Bethlehem,”(BB) David answered.

David’s Success

18 When David had finished speaking with Saul, Jonathan was bound to David in close friendship,[n] and loved him as much as he loved himself.(BC) Saul kept David with him from that day on and did not let him return to his father’s house.

Jonathan made a covenant with David(BD) because he loved him as much as himself. Then Jonathan removed the robe he was wearing and gave it to David,(BE) along with his military tunic, his sword, his bow, and his belt.


  1. 17:4 DSS, LXX read four cubits and a span; i.e., six and a half feet
  2. 17:4 Lit was six cubits and a span
  3. 17:5 Lit 5,000 shekels
  4. 17:7 Lit 600 shekels
  5. 17:17 Lit this ephah
  6. 17:18 Lit the leader of 1,000
  7. 17:35 LXX reads throat; lit beard
  8. 17:42 Or ruddy
  9. 17:43 Some LXX mss add and stones?” And David said, “No! Worse than a dog!”
  10. 17:46 LXX reads give your limbs and the limbs
  11. 17:52 LXX reads Ashkelon
  12. 17:54 Lit the Philistine’s
  13. 17:55 LXX omits 1Sm 17:55–18:5
  14. 18:1 Lit the life of Jonathan was bound to the life of David
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John 8:21-30

Jesus Predicts His Departure

21 Then he said to them again, “I’m going away; (A) you will look for me, and you will die in your sin.(B) Where I’m going, you cannot come.”(C)

22 So the Jews said again, “He won’t kill himself, will he, since he says, ‘Where I’m going, you cannot come’(D)?”

23 “You are from below,” he told them, “I am from above.(E) You are of this world; (F) I am not of this world.(G) 24 Therefore I told you that you will die in your sins. For if you do not believe that I am he, you will die in your sins.”

25 “Who are you?” they questioned.

“Exactly what I’ve been telling you from the very beginning,” Jesus told them. 26 “I have many things to say and to judge about you, but the one who sent me(H) is true, and what I have heard from him—these things I tell the world.”(I)

27 They did not know he was speaking to them about the Father. 28 So Jesus said to them, “When you lift up the Son of Man,(J) then you will know that I am(K) he, and that I do nothing on my own.(L) But just as the Father taught me, I say these things. 29 The one who sent me is with me. He has not left me alone,(M) because I always do what pleases him.”

Truth and Freedom

30 As he was saying these things, many believed in him.

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Psalm 111

Psalm 111

Praise for the Lord’s Works

I will praise the Lord with all my heart
in the assembly of the upright and in the congregation.(A)
The Lord’s works are great,
studied by all who delight in them.(B)
All that he does is splendid and majestic;(C)
his righteousness endures forever.(D)
He has caused his wondrous works to be remembered.(E)
The Lord is gracious and compassionate.(F)
He has provided food for those who fear him;(G)
he remembers his covenant forever.(H)
He has shown his people the power of his works
by giving them the inheritance of the nations.(I)
The works of his hands are truth and justice;
all his instructions are trustworthy.(J)
They are established forever and ever,
enacted in truth and in uprightness.(K)
He has sent redemption to his people.(L)
He has ordained his covenant forever.
His name is holy and awe-inspiring.(M)

10 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom;(N)
all who follow his instructions[b] have good insight.(O)
His praise endures forever.(P)


  1. 111:1 The lines of this poem form an acrostic.
  2. 111:10 Lit follow them
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Proverbs 15:11

11 Sheol and Abaddon lie open before the Lord(A)
how much more, human hearts.(B)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday May 14, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 15-16

The Lord Rejects Saul as King

15 Samuel said to Saul, “I am the one the Lord sent to anoint(A) you king over his people Israel; so listen now to the message from the Lord. This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘I will punish the Amalekites(B) for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as they came up from Egypt. Now go, attack the Amalekites and totally(C) destroy[a] all that belongs to them. Do not spare them; put to death men and women, children and infants, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys.’”

So Saul summoned the men and mustered them at Telaim—two hundred thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand from Judah. Saul went to the city of Amalek and set an ambush in the ravine. Then he said to the Kenites,(D) “Go away, leave the Amalekites so that I do not destroy you along with them; for you showed kindness to all the Israelites when they came up out of Egypt.” So the Kenites moved away from the Amalekites.

Then Saul attacked the Amalekites(E) all the way from Havilah to Shur,(F) near the eastern border of Egypt. He took Agag(G) king of the Amalekites alive,(H) and all his people he totally destroyed with the sword. But Saul and the army spared(I) Agag and the best of the sheep and cattle, the fat calves[b] and lambs—everything that was good. These they were unwilling to destroy completely, but everything that was despised and weak they totally destroyed.

10 Then the word of the Lord came to Samuel: 11 “I regret(J) that I have made Saul king, because he has turned(K) away from me and has not carried out my instructions.”(L) Samuel was angry,(M) and he cried out to the Lord all that night.

12 Early in the morning Samuel got up and went to meet Saul, but he was told, “Saul has gone to Carmel.(N) There he has set up a monument(O) in his own honor and has turned and gone on down to Gilgal.”

13 When Samuel reached him, Saul said, “The Lord bless you! I have carried out the Lord’s instructions.”

14 But Samuel said, “What then is this bleating of sheep in my ears? What is this lowing of cattle that I hear?”

15 Saul answered, “The soldiers brought them from the Amalekites; they spared the best of the sheep and cattle to sacrifice to the Lord your God, but we totally destroyed the rest.”

16 “Enough!” Samuel said to Saul. “Let me tell you what the Lord said to me last night.”

“Tell me,” Saul replied.

17 Samuel said, “Although you were once small(P) in your own eyes, did you not become the head of the tribes of Israel? The Lord anointed you king over Israel. 18 And he sent you on a mission, saying, ‘Go and completely destroy those wicked people, the Amalekites; wage war against them until you have wiped them out.’ 19 Why did you not obey the Lord? Why did you pounce on the plunder(Q) and do evil in the eyes of the Lord?”

20 “But I did obey(R) the Lord,” Saul said. “I went on the mission the Lord assigned me. I completely destroyed the Amalekites and brought back Agag their king. 21 The soldiers took sheep and cattle from the plunder, the best of what was devoted to God, in order to sacrifice them to the Lord your God at Gilgal.”

22 But Samuel replied:

“Does the Lord delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices
as much as in obeying the Lord?
To obey is better than sacrifice,(S)
and to heed is better than the fat of rams.
23 For rebellion is like the sin of divination,(T)
and arrogance like the evil of idolatry.
Because you have rejected(U) the word of the Lord,
he has rejected you as king.”

24 Then Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned.(V) I violated(W) the Lord’s command and your instructions. I was afraid(X) of the men and so I gave in to them. 25 Now I beg you, forgive(Y) my sin and come back with me, so that I may worship the Lord.”

26 But Samuel said to him, “I will not go back with you. You have rejected(Z) the word of the Lord, and the Lord has rejected you as king over Israel!”

27 As Samuel turned to leave, Saul caught hold of the hem of his robe,(AA) and it tore.(AB) 28 Samuel said to him, “The Lord has torn(AC) the kingdom(AD) of Israel from you today and has given it to one of your neighbors—to one better than you.(AE) 29 He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie(AF) or change(AG) his mind; for he is not a human being, that he should change his mind.”

30 Saul replied, “I have sinned.(AH) But please honor(AI) me before the elders of my people and before Israel; come back with me, so that I may worship the Lord your God.” 31 So Samuel went back with Saul, and Saul worshiped the Lord.

32 Then Samuel said, “Bring me Agag king of the Amalekites.”

Agag came to him in chains.[c] And he thought, “Surely the bitterness of death is past.”

33 But Samuel said,

“As your sword has made women childless,
so will your mother be childless among women.”(AJ)

And Samuel put Agag to death before the Lord at Gilgal.

34 Then Samuel left for Ramah,(AK) but Saul went up to his home in Gibeah(AL) of Saul. 35 Until the day Samuel(AM) died, he did not go to see Saul again, though Samuel mourned(AN) for him. And the Lord regretted(AO) that he had made Saul king over Israel.

Samuel Anoints David

16 The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn(AP) for Saul, since I have rejected(AQ) him as king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil(AR) and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse(AS) of Bethlehem. I have chosen(AT) one of his sons to be king.”

But Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears about it, he will kill me.”

The Lord said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’ Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show(AU) you what to do. You are to anoint(AV) for me the one I indicate.”

Samuel did what the Lord said. When he arrived at Bethlehem,(AW) the elders of the town trembled(AX) when they met him. They asked, “Do you come in peace?(AY)

Samuel replied, “Yes, in peace; I have come to sacrifice to the Lord. Consecrate(AZ) yourselves and come to the sacrifice with me.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.

When they arrived, Samuel saw Eliab(BA) and thought, “Surely the Lord’s anointed stands here before the Lord.”

But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The Lord does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance,(BB) but the Lord looks at the heart.”(BC)

Then Jesse called Abinadab(BD) and had him pass in front of Samuel. But Samuel said, “The Lord has not chosen this one either.” Jesse then had Shammah(BE) pass by, but Samuel said, “Nor has the Lord chosen this one.” 10 Jesse had seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said to him, “The Lord has not chosen these.” 11 So he asked Jesse, “Are these all(BF) the sons you have?”

“There is still the youngest,” Jesse answered. “He is tending the sheep.”(BG)

Samuel said, “Send for him; we will not sit down until he arrives.”

12 So he(BH) sent for him and had him brought in. He was glowing with health and had a fine appearance and handsome(BI) features.

Then the Lord said, “Rise and anoint him; this is the one.”

13 So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed(BJ) him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the Lord(BK) came powerfully upon David.(BL) Samuel then went to Ramah.

David in Saul’s Service

14 Now the Spirit of the Lord had departed(BM) from Saul, and an evil[d] spirit(BN) from the Lord tormented him.(BO)

15 Saul’s attendants said to him, “See, an evil spirit from God is tormenting you. 16 Let our lord command his servants here to search for someone who can play the lyre.(BP) He will play when the evil spirit from God comes on you, and you will feel better.”

17 So Saul said to his attendants, “Find someone who plays well and bring him to me.”

18 One of the servants answered, “I have seen a son of Jesse(BQ) of Bethlehem who knows how to play the lyre. He is a brave man and a warrior.(BR) He speaks well and is a fine-looking man. And the Lord is with(BS) him.”

19 Then Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the sheep.(BT) 20 So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread,(BU) a skin of wine and a young goat and sent them with his son David to Saul.

21 David came to Saul and entered his service.(BV) Saul liked him very much, and David became one of his armor-bearers. 22 Then Saul sent word to Jesse, saying, “Allow David to remain in my service, for I am pleased with him.”

23 Whenever the spirit from God came on Saul, David would take up his lyre and play. Then relief would come to Saul; he would feel better, and the evil spirit(BW) would leave him.


  1. 1 Samuel 15:3 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verses 8, 9, 15, 18, 20 and 21.
  2. 1 Samuel 15:9 Or the grown bulls; the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
  3. 1 Samuel 15:32 The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
  4. 1 Samuel 16:14 Or and a harmful; similarly in verses 15, 16 and 23

Cross references:

  1. 1 Samuel 15:1 : S 1Sa 9:16
  2. 1 Samuel 15:2 : S Ge 14:7; S 1Sa 14:48; S 2Sa 1:8
  3. 1 Samuel 15:3 : ver 9, 19; S Ge 14:23; Jos 6:17; 1Sa 22:19; 27:9; 28:18; Est 3:13; 9:5
  4. 1 Samuel 15:6 : S Ge 15:19; Nu 24:22; Jdg 1:16; 1Sa 30:29
  5. 1 Samuel 15:7 : S 1Sa 14:48
  6. 1 Samuel 15:7 : S Ge 16:7
  7. 1 Samuel 15:8 : Ex 17:8-16; S Nu 24:7
  8. 1 Samuel 15:8 : S Jos 8:23
  9. 1 Samuel 15:9 : S ver 3
  10. 1 Samuel 15:11 : S Ge 6:6; S Ex 32:14
  11. 1 Samuel 15:11 : S Jos 22:16
  12. 1 Samuel 15:11 : Job 21:14; 34:27; Ps 28:5; Isa 5:12; 53:6; Jer 48:10; Eze 18:24
  13. 1 Samuel 15:11 : S ver 35; S 1Sa 8:6
  14. 1 Samuel 15:12 : Jos 15:55
  15. 1 Samuel 15:12 : S Nu 32:42
  16. 1 Samuel 15:17 : S Ex 3:11
  17. 1 Samuel 15:19 : S Ge 14:23; S 1Sa 14:32
  18. 1 Samuel 15:20 : 1Sa 28:18
  19. 1 Samuel 15:22 : Ps 40:6-8; 51:16; Pr 21:3; Isa 1:11-15; Jer 7:22; Hos 6:6; Am 5:25; Mic 6:6-8; S Mk 12:33
  20. 1 Samuel 15:23 : Dt 18:10
  21. 1 Samuel 15:23 : S 1Sa 13:13
  22. 1 Samuel 15:24 : S Ex 9:27; S Nu 22:34; Ps 51:4
  23. 1 Samuel 15:24 : S 1Sa 13:13
  24. 1 Samuel 15:24 : Pr 29:25; Isa 51:12-13; Jer 42:11
  25. 1 Samuel 15:25 : Ex 10:17
  26. 1 Samuel 15:26 : S Nu 15:31; S 1Sa 13:14; S 1Ki 14:10
  27. 1 Samuel 15:27 : 1Sa 28:14
  28. 1 Samuel 15:27 : 1Ki 11:11, 31; 14:8; 2Ki 17:21
  29. 1 Samuel 15:28 : 1Sa 28:17
  30. 1 Samuel 15:28 : S 1Sa 13:14
  31. 1 Samuel 15:28 : 2Sa 6:21; 7:15
  32. 1 Samuel 15:29 : Tit 1:2
  33. 1 Samuel 15:29 : S Nu 23:19; Heb 7:21
  34. 1 Samuel 15:30 : S Nu 22:34
  35. 1 Samuel 15:30 : Isa 29:13; Jn 12:43
  36. 1 Samuel 15:33 : Est 9:7-10; Jer 18:21
  37. 1 Samuel 15:34 : S 1Sa 7:17
  38. 1 Samuel 15:34 : S Jdg 19:14; S 1Sa 10:5
  39. 1 Samuel 15:35 : 1Sa 19:24
  40. 1 Samuel 15:35 : ver 11; 1Sa 16:1
  41. 1 Samuel 15:35 : S Ge 6:6
  42. 1 Samuel 16:1 : S 1Sa 8:6; S 15:35
  43. 1 Samuel 16:1 : S 1Sa 13:14
  44. 1 Samuel 16:1 : S 1Sa 10:1
  45. 1 Samuel 16:1 : S Ru 4:17
  46. 1 Samuel 16:1 : 2Sa 5:2; 7:8; 1Ki 8:16; 1Ch 12:23; Ps 78:70; Ac 13:22
  47. 1 Samuel 16:3 : Ex 4:15
  48. 1 Samuel 16:3 : S Dt 17:15
  49. 1 Samuel 16:4 : S Ge 48:7; Lk 2:4
  50. 1 Samuel 16:4 : 1Sa 21:1
  51. 1 Samuel 16:4 : 1Ki 2:13; 2Ki 9:17
  52. 1 Samuel 16:5 : S Ex 19:10, 22
  53. 1 Samuel 16:6 : 1Sa 17:13; 1Ch 2:13
  54. 1 Samuel 16:7 : Ps 147:10
  55. 1 Samuel 16:7 : S 1Sa 2:3; 2Sa 7:20; S Ps 44:21; S 139:23; S Rev 2:23
  56. 1 Samuel 16:8 : 1Sa 17:13
  57. 1 Samuel 16:9 : 1Sa 17:13; 2Sa 13:3; 21:21
  58. 1 Samuel 16:11 : 1Sa 17:12
  59. 1 Samuel 16:11 : S Ge 37:2; 2Sa 7:8
  60. 1 Samuel 16:12 : 1Sa 9:17
  61. 1 Samuel 16:12 : S Ge 39:6
  62. 1 Samuel 16:13 : S 1Sa 2:35; S 2Sa 22:51
  63. 1 Samuel 16:13 : 1Sa 18:12
  64. 1 Samuel 16:13 : S 1Sa 11:6
  65. 1 Samuel 16:14 : S Jdg 16:20
  66. 1 Samuel 16:14 : ver 23; S Jdg 9:23; 1Sa 18:10
  67. 1 Samuel 16:14 : 2Sa 7:15
  68. 1 Samuel 16:16 : ver 23; S 1Sa 10:5, 6; 2Ch 29:26-27; Ps 49:4
  69. 1 Samuel 16:18 : S Ru 4:17
  70. 1 Samuel 16:18 : 2Sa 17:8
  71. 1 Samuel 16:18 : S Ge 39:2; 1Sa 17:32-37; 20:13; 1Ch 22:11; Mt 1:23
  72. 1 Samuel 16:19 : 1Sa 17:15
  73. 1 Samuel 16:20 : S Ge 32:13; S 1Sa 10:4
  74. 1 Samuel 16:21 : S Ge 41:46
  75. 1 Samuel 16:23 : S ver 14; S Jdg 9:23
New International Version (NIV)

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John 8:1-20

but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.(A)

At dawn he appeared again in the temple courts, where all the people gathered around him, and he sat down to teach them.(B) The teachers of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before the group and said to Jesus, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of adultery. In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women.(C) Now what do you say?” They were using this question as a trap,(D) in order to have a basis for accusing him.(E)

But Jesus bent down and started to write on the ground with his finger. When they kept on questioning him, he straightened up and said to them, “Let any one of you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone(F) at her.”(G) Again he stooped down and wrote on the ground.

At this, those who heard began to go away one at a time, the older ones first, until only Jesus was left, with the woman still standing there. 10 Jesus straightened up and asked her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?”

11 “No one, sir,” she said.

“Then neither do I condemn you,”(H) Jesus declared. “Go now and leave your life of sin.”(I)

Dispute Over Jesus’ Testimony

12 When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am(J) the light of the world.(K) Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”(L)

13 The Pharisees challenged him, “Here you are, appearing as your own witness; your testimony is not valid.”(M)

14 Jesus answered, “Even if I testify on my own behalf, my testimony is valid, for I know where I came from and where I am going.(N) But you have no idea where I come from(O) or where I am going. 15 You judge by human standards;(P) I pass judgment on no one.(Q) 16 But if I do judge, my decisions are true, because I am not alone. I stand with the Father, who sent me.(R) 17 In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two witnesses is true.(S) 18 I am one who testifies for myself; my other witness is the Father, who sent me.”(T)

19 Then they asked him, “Where is your father?”

“You do not know me or my Father,”(U) Jesus replied. “If you knew me, you would know my Father also.”(V) 20 He spoke these words while teaching(W) in the temple courts near the place where the offerings were put.(X) Yet no one seized him, because his hour had not yet come.(Y)

New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 110

Psalm 110

Of David. A psalm.

The Lord says(A) to my lord:[a]

“Sit at my right hand(B)
until I make your enemies
a footstool for your feet.”(C)

The Lord will extend your mighty scepter(D) from Zion,(E) saying,
“Rule(F) in the midst of your enemies!”
Your troops will be willing
on your day of battle.
Arrayed in holy splendor,(G)
your young men will come to you
like dew from the morning’s womb.[b](H)

The Lord has sworn
and will not change his mind:(I)
“You are a priest forever,(J)
in the order of Melchizedek.(K)

The Lord is at your right hand[c];(L)
he will crush kings(M) on the day of his wrath.(N)
He will judge the nations,(O) heaping up the dead(P)
and crushing the rulers(Q) of the whole earth.
He will drink from a brook along the way,[d]
and so he will lift his head high.(R)


  1. Psalm 110:1 Or Lord
  2. Psalm 110:3 The meaning of the Hebrew for this sentence is uncertain.
  3. Psalm 110:5 Or My lord is at your right hand, Lord
  4. Psalm 110:7 The meaning of the Hebrew for this clause is uncertain.
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Proverbs 15:8-10

The Lord detests the sacrifice(A) of the wicked,(B)
but the prayer of the upright pleases him.(C)

The Lord detests the way of the wicked,(D)
but he loves those who pursue righteousness.(E)

10 Stern discipline awaits anyone who leaves the path;
the one who hates correction will die.(F)

New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday May 13, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 14

14 One day Jonathan son of Saul said to his young armor-bearer, “Come, let’s go over to the Philistine outpost on the other side.” But he did not tell his father.

Saul was staying(A) on the outskirts of Gibeah(B) under a pomegranate tree(C) in Migron.(D) With him were about six hundred men, among whom was Ahijah, who was wearing an ephod. He was a son of Ichabod’s(E) brother Ahitub(F) son of Phinehas, the son of Eli,(G) the Lord’s priest in Shiloh.(H) No one was aware that Jonathan had left.

On each side of the pass(I) that Jonathan intended to cross to reach the Philistine outpost was a cliff; one was called Bozez and the other Seneh. One cliff stood to the north toward Mikmash, the other to the south toward Geba.(J)

Jonathan said to his young armor-bearer, “Come, let’s go over to the outpost of those uncircumcised(K) men. Perhaps the Lord will act in our behalf. Nothing(L) can hinder the Lord from saving, whether by many(M) or by few.(N)

“Do all that you have in mind,” his armor-bearer said. “Go ahead; I am with you heart and soul.”

Jonathan said, “Come on, then; we will cross over toward them and let them see us. If they say to us, ‘Wait there until we come to you,’ we will stay where we are and not go up to them. 10 But if they say, ‘Come up to us,’ we will climb up, because that will be our sign(O) that the Lord has given them into our hands.(P)

11 So both of them showed themselves to the Philistine outpost. “Look!” said the Philistines. “The Hebrews(Q) are crawling out of the holes they were hiding(R) in.” 12 The men of the outpost shouted to Jonathan and his armor-bearer, “Come up to us and we’ll teach you a lesson.(S)

So Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, “Climb up after me; the Lord has given them into the hand(T) of Israel.”

13 Jonathan climbed up, using his hands and feet, with his armor-bearer right behind him. The Philistines fell before Jonathan, and his armor-bearer followed and killed behind him. 14 In that first attack Jonathan and his armor-bearer killed some twenty men in an area of about half an acre.

Israel Routs the Philistines

15 Then panic(U) struck the whole army—those in the camp and field, and those in the outposts and raiding(V) parties—and the ground shook. It was a panic sent by God.[a]

16 Saul’s lookouts(W) at Gibeah in Benjamin saw the army melting away in all directions. 17 Then Saul said to the men who were with him, “Muster the forces and see who has left us.” When they did, it was Jonathan and his armor-bearer who were not there.

18 Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring(X) the ark(Y) of God.” (At that time it was with the Israelites.)[b] 19 While Saul was talking to the priest, the tumult in the Philistine camp increased more and more. So Saul said to the priest,(Z) “Withdraw your hand.”

20 Then Saul and all his men assembled and went to the battle. They found the Philistines in total confusion, striking(AA) each other with their swords. 21 Those Hebrews who had previously been with the Philistines and had gone up with them to their camp went(AB) over to the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan. 22 When all the Israelites who had hidden(AC) in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were on the run, they joined the battle in hot pursuit. 23 So on that day the Lord saved(AD) Israel, and the battle moved on beyond Beth Aven.(AE)

Jonathan Eats Honey

24 Now the Israelites were in distress that day, because Saul had bound the people under an oath,(AF) saying, “Cursed be anyone who eats food before evening comes, before I have avenged myself on my enemies!” So none of the troops tasted food.

25 The entire army entered the woods, and there was honey on the ground. 26 When they went into the woods, they saw the honey oozing out; yet no one put his hand to his mouth, because they feared the oath. 27 But Jonathan had not heard that his father had bound the people with the oath, so he reached out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it into the honeycomb.(AG) He raised his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.[c] 28 Then one of the soldiers told him, “Your father bound the army under a strict oath, saying, ‘Cursed be anyone who eats food today!’ That is why the men are faint.”

29 Jonathan said, “My father has made trouble(AH) for the country. See how my eyes brightened when I tasted a little of this honey. 30 How much better it would have been if the men had eaten today some of the plunder they took from their enemies. Would not the slaughter of the Philistines have been even greater?”

31 That day, after the Israelites had struck down the Philistines from Mikmash(AI) to Aijalon,(AJ) they were exhausted. 32 They pounced on the plunder(AK) and, taking sheep, cattle and calves, they butchered them on the ground and ate them, together with the blood.(AL) 33 Then someone said to Saul, “Look, the men are sinning against the Lord by eating meat that has blood(AM) in it.”

“You have broken faith,” he said. “Roll a large stone over here at once.” 34 Then he said, “Go out among the men and tell them, ‘Each of you bring me your cattle and sheep, and slaughter them here and eat them. Do not sin against the Lord by eating meat with blood still(AN) in it.’”

So everyone brought his ox that night and slaughtered it there. 35 Then Saul built an altar(AO) to the Lord; it was the first time he had done this.

36 Saul said, “Let us go down and pursue the Philistines by night and plunder them till dawn, and let us not leave one of them alive.”

“Do whatever seems best to you,” they replied.

But the priest said, “Let us inquire(AP) of God here.”

37 So Saul asked God, “Shall I go down and pursue the Philistines? Will you give them into Israel’s hand?” But God did not answer(AQ) him that day.

38 Saul therefore said, “Come here, all you who are leaders of the army, and let us find out what sin has been committed(AR) today. 39 As surely as the Lord who rescues Israel lives,(AS) even if the guilt lies with my son Jonathan,(AT) he must die.”(AU) But not one of them said a word.

40 Saul then said to all the Israelites, “You stand over there; I and Jonathan my son will stand over here.”

“Do what seems best to you,” they replied.

41 Then Saul prayed to the Lord, the God of Israel, “Why have you not answered your servant today? If the fault is in me or my son Jonathan, respond with Urim, but if the men of Israel are at fault,[d] respond with Thummim.” Jonathan and Saul were taken by lot, and the men were cleared. 42 Saul said, “Cast the lot(AV) between me and Jonathan my son.” And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.”(AW)

So Jonathan told him, “I tasted a little honey(AX) with the end of my staff. And now I must die!”

44 Saul said, “May God deal with me, be it ever so severely,(AY) if you do not die, Jonathan.(AZ)

45 But the men said to Saul, “Should Jonathan die—he who has brought about this great deliverance in Israel? Never! As surely as the Lord lives, not a hair(BA) of his head will fall to the ground, for he did this today with God’s help.” So the men rescued(BB) Jonathan, and he was not put to death.

46 Then Saul stopped pursuing the Philistines, and they withdrew to their own land.

47 After Saul had assumed rule over Israel, he fought against their enemies on every side: Moab,(BC) the Ammonites,(BD) Edom,(BE) the kings[e] of Zobah,(BF) and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he inflicted punishment on them.[f] 48 He fought valiantly and defeated the Amalekites,(BG) delivering Israel from the hands of those who had plundered them.

Saul’s Family

49 Saul’s sons were Jonathan, Ishvi and Malki-Shua.(BH) The name of his older daughter was Merab, and that of the younger was Michal.(BI) 50 His wife’s name was Ahinoam daughter of Ahimaaz. The name of the commander of Saul’s army was Abner(BJ) son of Ner, and Ner was Saul’s uncle.(BK) 51 Saul’s father Kish(BL) and Abner’s father Ner were sons of Abiel.

52 All the days of Saul there was bitter war with the Philistines, and whenever Saul saw a mighty or brave man, he took(BM) him into his service.


  1. 1 Samuel 14:15 Or a terrible panic
  2. 1 Samuel 14:18 Hebrew; Septuagint “Bring the ephod.” (At that time he wore the ephod before the Israelites.)
  3. 1 Samuel 14:27 Or his strength was renewed; similarly in verse 29
  4. 1 Samuel 14:41 Septuagint; Hebrew does not have “Why … at fault.
  5. 1 Samuel 14:47 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint king
  6. 1 Samuel 14:47 Hebrew; Septuagint he was victorious

Cross references:

  1. 1 Samuel 14:2 : S Jdg 4:5
  2. 1 Samuel 14:2 : 1Sa 13:15
  3. 1 Samuel 14:2 : S Ex 28:33
  4. 1 Samuel 14:2 : Isa 10:28
  5. 1 Samuel 14:3 : S Ge 35:18
  6. 1 Samuel 14:3 : 1Sa 22:11, 20
  7. 1 Samuel 14:3 : S 1Sa 1:3
  8. 1 Samuel 14:3 : Ps 78:60
  9. 1 Samuel 14:4 : 1Sa 13:23
  10. 1 Samuel 14:5 : S Jos 18:24
  11. 1 Samuel 14:6 : Jdg 14:3; 1Sa 17:26, 36; 31:4; Jer 9:26; Eze 28:10
  12. 1 Samuel 14:6 : S 1Sa 13:22; S 1Ki 19:12; S Mt 19:26; Heb 11:34
  13. 1 Samuel 14:6 : Jdg 7:4
  14. 1 Samuel 14:6 : Ps 33:16
  15. 1 Samuel 14:10 : S Ge 24:14
  16. 1 Samuel 14:10 : S Jos 2:24
  17. 1 Samuel 14:11 : S Ge 14:13
  18. 1 Samuel 14:11 : S 1Sa 13:6
  19. 1 Samuel 14:12 : Jdg 8:16
  20. 1 Samuel 14:12 : 1Sa 17:46; 2Sa 5:24
  21. 1 Samuel 14:15 : S Ge 35:5; S Ex 14:24; S 19:16; 2Ki 7:5-7
  22. 1 Samuel 14:15 : 1Sa 13:17
  23. 1 Samuel 14:16 : 2Sa 18:24; 2Ki 9:17; Isa 52:8; Eze 33:2
  24. 1 Samuel 14:18 : 1Sa 30:7
  25. 1 Samuel 14:18 : S Jdg 18:5
  26. 1 Samuel 14:19 : Nu 27:21
  27. 1 Samuel 14:20 : S Jdg 7:22; Eze 38:21; Zec 14:13
  28. 1 Samuel 14:21 : 1Sa 29:4
  29. 1 Samuel 14:22 : S 1Sa 13:6
  30. 1 Samuel 14:23 : S Ex 14:30
  31. 1 Samuel 14:23 : S Jos 7:2
  32. 1 Samuel 14:24 : Jos 6:26
  33. 1 Samuel 14:27 : ver 43; Ps 19:10; Pr 16:24; 24:13
  34. 1 Samuel 14:29 : Jos 7:25; 1Ki 18:18
  35. 1 Samuel 14:31 : ver 5
  36. 1 Samuel 14:31 : S Jos 10:12
  37. 1 Samuel 14:32 : 1Sa 15:19; Est 9:10
  38. 1 Samuel 14:32 : S Ge 9:4
  39. 1 Samuel 14:33 : S Ge 9:4
  40. 1 Samuel 14:34 : Lev 19:26
  41. 1 Samuel 14:35 : S 1Sa 7:17
  42. 1 Samuel 14:36 : S Ge 25:22; S Jdg 18:5
  43. 1 Samuel 14:37 : 1Sa 28:6, 15; 2Sa 22:42; Ps 18:41
  44. 1 Samuel 14:38 : Jos 7:11
  45. 1 Samuel 14:39 : S Nu 14:21; 2Sa 12:5; Job 19:25; Ps 18:46; 42:2
  46. 1 Samuel 14:39 : ver 44
  47. 1 Samuel 14:39 : Jos 7:15
  48. 1 Samuel 14:42 : Jnh 1:7
  49. 1 Samuel 14:43 : S Jos 7:19
  50. 1 Samuel 14:43 : S ver 27
  51. 1 Samuel 14:44 : S Ru 1:17
  52. 1 Samuel 14:44 : ver 39
  53. 1 Samuel 14:45 : 1Ki 1:52; S Mt 10:30
  54. 1 Samuel 14:45 : 2Sa 14:11
  55. 1 Samuel 14:47 : S Ge 19:37
  56. 1 Samuel 14:47 : S Ge 19:38; 2Sa 12:31
  57. 1 Samuel 14:47 : 1Sa 21:7
  58. 1 Samuel 14:47 : 2Sa 8:3; 10:6; 23:36
  59. 1 Samuel 14:48 : S Ge 36:12; Nu 13:29; Jdg 3:13; 1Sa 15:2, 7; 27:8; 28:18; 30:13; 2Sa 1:13; 1Ch 4:43
  60. 1 Samuel 14:49 : 1Sa 31:2; 1Ch 8:33
  61. 1 Samuel 14:49 : S Ge 29:26
  62. 1 Samuel 14:50 : 2Sa 2:8; 3:6; 1Ki 2:5
  63. 1 Samuel 14:50 : 1Sa 10:14
  64. 1 Samuel 14:51 : S 1Sa 9:1
  65. 1 Samuel 14:52 : 1Sa 8:11
New International Version (NIV)

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John 7:31-53

31 Still, many in the crowd believed in him.(A) They said, “When the Messiah comes, will he perform more signs(B) than this man?”

32 The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering such things about him. Then the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple guards to arrest him.

33 Jesus said, “I am with you for only a short time,(C) and then I am going to the one who sent me.(D) 34 You will look for me, but you will not find me; and where I am, you cannot come.”(E)

35 The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we cannot find him? Will he go where our people live scattered(F) among the Greeks,(G) and teach the Greeks? 36 What did he mean when he said, ‘You will look for me, but you will not find me,’ and ‘Where I am, you cannot come’?”(H)

37 On the last and greatest day of the festival,(I) Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink.(J) 38 Whoever believes(K) in me, as Scripture has said,(L) rivers of living water(M) will flow from within them.”[a](N) 39 By this he meant the Spirit,(O) whom those who believed in him were later to receive.(P) Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.(Q)

40 On hearing his words, some of the people said, “Surely this man is the Prophet.”(R)

41 Others said, “He is the Messiah.”

Still others asked, “How can the Messiah come from Galilee?(S) 42 Does not Scripture say that the Messiah will come from David’s descendants(T) and from Bethlehem,(U) the town where David lived?” 43 Thus the people were divided(V) because of Jesus. 44 Some wanted to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him.(W)

Unbelief of the Jewish Leaders

45 Finally the temple guards went back to the chief priests and the Pharisees, who asked them, “Why didn’t you bring him in?”

46 “No one ever spoke the way this man does,”(X) the guards replied.

47 “You mean he has deceived you also?”(Y) the Pharisees retorted. 48 “Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him?(Z) 49 No! But this mob that knows nothing of the law—there is a curse on them.”

50 Nicodemus,(AA) who had gone to Jesus earlier and who was one of their own number, asked, 51 “Does our law condemn a man without first hearing him to find out what he has been doing?”

52 They replied, “Are you from Galilee, too? Look into it, and you will find that a prophet does not come out of Galilee.”(AB)

[The earliest manuscripts and many other ancient witnesses do not have John 7:53—8:11. A few manuscripts include these verses, wholly or in part, after John 7:36, John 21:25, Luke 21:38 or Luke 24:53.]

53 Then they all went home,


  1. John 7:38 Or me. And let anyone drink 38 who believes in me.” As Scripture has said, “Out of him (or them) will flow rivers of living water.”
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Psalm 109

Psalm 109

For the director of music. Of David. A psalm.

My God, whom I praise,(A)
do not remain silent,(B)
for people who are wicked and deceitful(C)
have opened their mouths against me;
they have spoken against me with lying tongues.(D)
With words of hatred(E) they surround me;
they attack me without cause.(F)
In return for my friendship they accuse me,
but I am a man of prayer.(G)
They repay me evil for good,(H)
and hatred for my friendship.

Appoint someone evil to oppose my enemy;
let an accuser(I) stand at his right hand.
When he is tried, let him be found guilty,(J)
and may his prayers condemn(K) him.
May his days be few;(L)
may another take his place(M) of leadership.
May his children be fatherless
and his wife a widow.(N)
10 May his children be wandering beggars;(O)
may they be driven[a] from their ruined homes.
11 May a creditor(P) seize all he has;
may strangers plunder(Q) the fruits of his labor.(R)
12 May no one extend kindness to him
or take pity(S) on his fatherless children.
13 May his descendants be cut off,(T)
their names blotted out(U) from the next generation.
14 May the iniquity of his fathers(V) be remembered before the Lord;
may the sin of his mother never be blotted out.
15 May their sins always remain before(W) the Lord,
that he may blot out their name(X) from the earth.

16 For he never thought of doing a kindness,
but hounded to death the poor
and the needy(Y) and the brokenhearted.(Z)
17 He loved to pronounce a curse—
may it come back on him.(AA)
He found no pleasure in blessing—
may it be far from him.
18 He wore cursing(AB) as his garment;
it entered into his body like water,(AC)
into his bones like oil.
19 May it be like a cloak wrapped(AD) about him,
like a belt tied forever around him.
20 May this be the Lord’s payment(AE) to my accusers,
to those who speak evil(AF) of me.

21 But you, Sovereign Lord,
help me for your name’s sake;(AG)
out of the goodness of your love,(AH) deliver me.(AI)
22 For I am poor and needy,
and my heart is wounded within me.
23 I fade away like an evening shadow;(AJ)
I am shaken off like a locust.
24 My knees give(AK) way from fasting;(AL)
my body is thin and gaunt.(AM)
25 I am an object of scorn(AN) to my accusers;
when they see me, they shake their heads.(AO)

26 Help me,(AP) Lord my God;
save me according to your unfailing love.
27 Let them know(AQ) that it is your hand,
that you, Lord, have done it.
28 While they curse,(AR) may you bless;
may those who attack me be put to shame,
but may your servant rejoice.(AS)
29 May my accusers be clothed with disgrace
and wrapped in shame(AT) as in a cloak.

30 With my mouth I will greatly extol the Lord;
in the great throng(AU) of worshipers I will praise him.
31 For he stands at the right hand(AV) of the needy,
to save their lives from those who would condemn them.


  1. Psalm 109:10 Septuagint; Hebrew sought

Cross references:

  1. Psalm 109:1 : S Ex 15:2; Jer 17:14
  2. Psalm 109:1 : S Job 34:29
  3. Psalm 109:2 : S Ps 43:1
  4. Psalm 109:2 : S Ps 52:4
  5. Psalm 109:3 : Ps 69:4
  6. Psalm 109:3 : Ps 35:7; Jn 15:25
  7. Psalm 109:4 : Ps 69:13; 141:5
  8. Psalm 109:5 : S Ge 44:4
  9. Psalm 109:6 : 1Ch 21:1; Job 1:6; Zec 3:1
  10. Psalm 109:7 : Ps 1:5
  11. Psalm 109:7 : Pr 28:9; Isa 41:24
  12. Psalm 109:8 : S Job 15:32
  13. Psalm 109:8 : Ac 1:20*
  14. Psalm 109:9 : Ex 22:24; Jer 18:21
  15. Psalm 109:10 : S Ge 4:12
  16. Psalm 109:11 : Ne 5:3
  17. Psalm 109:11 : S Nu 14:3; Isa 1:7; 6:11; 36:1; La 5:2
  18. Psalm 109:11 : Job 20:18
  19. Psalm 109:12 : S Job 5:4
  20. Psalm 109:13 : Job 18:19; Ps 21:10
  21. Psalm 109:13 : S Nu 14:12; Ps 9:5; Pr 10:7
  22. Psalm 109:14 : Ex 20:5; Nu 14:18; Isa 65:6-7; Jer 32:18
  23. Psalm 109:15 : Ps 90:8
  24. Psalm 109:15 : S Ex 17:14; S Dt 32:26
  25. Psalm 109:16 : S Job 20:19; S Ps 35:10
  26. Psalm 109:16 : S Ps 34:18
  27. Psalm 109:17 : Pr 28:27; S Mt 7:2
  28. Psalm 109:18 : Ps 10:7
  29. Psalm 109:18 : Nu 5:22
  30. Psalm 109:19 : ver 29; Ps 73:6; Eze 7:27
  31. Psalm 109:20 : S Ex 32:34; Ps 54:5; 94:23; Isa 3:11; 2Ti 4:14
  32. Psalm 109:20 : Ps 71:10
  33. Psalm 109:21 : S Ex 9:16; S Ps 23:3
  34. Psalm 109:21 : Ps 69:16
  35. Psalm 109:21 : S Ps 3:7
  36. Psalm 109:23 : S Job 14:2
  37. Psalm 109:24 : Heb 12:12
  38. Psalm 109:24 : S Ps 35:13
  39. Psalm 109:24 : S Job 16:8
  40. Psalm 109:25 : S Ps 22:6
  41. Psalm 109:25 : S Job 16:4; S Mt 27:39; Mk 15:29
  42. Psalm 109:26 : Ps 12:1; 119:86
  43. Psalm 109:27 : S Job 37:7
  44. Psalm 109:28 : S 2Sa 16:12
  45. Psalm 109:28 : Ps 66:4; Isa 35:10; 51:11; 54:1; 65:14
  46. Psalm 109:29 : S Ps 35:26
  47. Psalm 109:30 : S Ps 35:18
  48. Psalm 109:31 : Ps 16:8; 108:6
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Proverbs 15:5-7

A fool spurns a parent’s discipline,
but whoever heeds correction shows prudence.(A)

The house of the righteous contains great treasure,(B)
but the income of the wicked brings ruin.(C)

The lips of the wise spread knowledge,(D)
but the hearts of fools are not upright.

New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday May 12, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 12-13

Samuel’s Farewell Speech

12 Samuel said to all Israel, “I have listened(A) to everything you said to me and have set a king(B) over you. Now you have a king as your leader.(C) As for me, I am old and gray, and my sons(D) are here with you. I have been your leader from my youth until this day. Here I stand. Testify against me in the presence of the Lord and his anointed.(E) Whose ox have I taken? Whose donkey(F) have I taken? Whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed? From whose hand have I accepted a bribe(G) to make me shut my eyes? If I have done(H) any of these things, I will make it right.”(I)

“You have not cheated or oppressed us,” they replied. “You have not taken anything from anyone’s hand.”

Samuel said to them, “The Lord is witness(J) against you, and also his anointed is witness this day, that you have not found anything(K) in my hand.(L)

“He is witness,” they said.

Then Samuel said to the people, “It is the Lord who appointed Moses and Aaron and brought(M) your ancestors up out of Egypt. Now then, stand(N) here, because I am going to confront(O) you with evidence before the Lord as to all the righteous acts(P) performed by the Lord for you and your ancestors.

“After Jacob(Q) entered Egypt, they cried(R) to the Lord for help, and the Lord sent(S) Moses and Aaron, who brought your ancestors out of Egypt and settled them in this place.

“But they forgot(T) the Lord their God; so he sold them(U) into the hand of Sisera,(V) the commander of the army of Hazor,(W) and into the hands of the Philistines(X) and the king of Moab,(Y) who fought against them. 10 They cried(Z) out to the Lord and said, ‘We have sinned; we have forsaken(AA) the Lord and served the Baals and the Ashtoreths.(AB) But now deliver us from the hands of our enemies, and we will serve you.’ 11 Then the Lord sent Jerub-Baal,[a](AC) Barak,[b](AD) Jephthah(AE) and Samuel,[c](AF) and he delivered you from the hands of your enemies all around you, so that you lived in safety.

12 “But when you saw that Nahash(AG) king(AH) of the Ammonites was moving against you, you said to me, ‘No, we want a king to rule(AI) over us’—even though the Lord your God was your king. 13 Now here is the king(AJ) you have chosen, the one you asked(AK) for; see, the Lord has set a king over you. 14 If you fear(AL) the Lord and serve and obey him and do not rebel(AM) against his commands, and if both you and the king who reigns over you follow the Lord your God—good! 15 But if you do not obey the Lord, and if you rebel against(AN) his commands, his hand will be against you, as it was against your ancestors.

16 “Now then, stand still(AO) and see(AP) this great thing the Lord is about to do before your eyes! 17 Is it not wheat harvest(AQ) now? I will call(AR) on the Lord to send thunder(AS) and rain.(AT) And you will realize what an evil(AU) thing you did in the eyes of the Lord when you asked for a king.”

18 Then Samuel called on the Lord,(AV) and that same day the Lord sent thunder and rain. So all the people stood in awe(AW) of the Lord and of Samuel.

19 The people all said to Samuel, “Pray(AX) to the Lord your God for your servants so that we will not die,(AY) for we have added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king.”

20 “Do not be afraid,” Samuel replied. “You have done all this evil;(AZ) yet do not turn away from the Lord, but serve the Lord with all your heart. 21 Do not turn away after useless(BA) idols.(BB) They can do you no good, nor can they rescue you, because they are useless. 22 For the sake(BC) of his great name(BD) the Lord will not reject(BE) his people, because the Lord was pleased to make(BF) you his own. 23 As for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the Lord by failing to pray(BG) for you. And I will teach(BH) you the way that is good and right. 24 But be sure to fear(BI) the Lord and serve him faithfully with all your heart;(BJ) consider(BK) what great(BL) things he has done for you. 25 Yet if you persist(BM) in doing evil, both you and your king(BN) will perish.”(BO)

Samuel Rebukes Saul

13 Saul was thirty[d] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[e] two years.

Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand(BP) were with him at Mikmash(BQ) and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah(BR) in Benjamin. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes.

Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost(BS) at Geba,(BT) and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul had the trumpet(BU) blown throughout the land and said, “Let the Hebrews hear!” So all Israel heard the news: “Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel has become obnoxious(BV) to the Philistines.” And the people were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.

The Philistines assembled(BW) to fight Israel, with three thousand[f] chariots, six thousand charioteers, and soldiers as numerous as the sand(BX) on the seashore. They went up and camped at Mikmash,(BY) east of Beth Aven.(BZ) When the Israelites saw that their situation was critical and that their army was hard pressed, they hid(CA) in caves and thickets, among the rocks, and in pits and cisterns.(CB) Some Hebrews even crossed the Jordan to the land of Gad(CC) and Gilead.

Saul remained at Gilgal, and all the troops with him were quaking(CD) with fear. He waited seven(CE) days, the time set by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and Saul’s men began to scatter. So he said, “Bring me the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings.” And Saul offered(CF) up the burnt offering. 10 Just as he finished making the offering, Samuel(CG) arrived, and Saul went out to greet(CH) him.

11 “What have you done?” asked Samuel.

Saul replied, “When I saw that the men were scattering, and that you did not come at the set time, and that the Philistines were assembling at Mikmash,(CI) 12 I thought, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal,(CJ) and I have not sought the Lord’s favor.(CK)’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering.”

13 “You have done a foolish thing,(CL)” Samuel said. “You have not kept(CM) the command the Lord your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time.(CN) 14 But now your kingdom(CO) will not endure; the Lord has sought out a man after his own heart(CP) and appointed(CQ) him ruler(CR) of his people, because you have not kept(CS) the Lord’s command.”

15 Then Samuel left Gilgal[g] and went up to Gibeah(CT) in Benjamin, and Saul counted the men who were with him. They numbered about six hundred.(CU)

Israel Without Weapons

16 Saul and his son Jonathan and the men with them were staying in Gibeah[h](CV) in Benjamin, while the Philistines camped at Mikmash. 17 Raiding(CW) parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah(CX) in the vicinity of Shual, 18 another toward Beth Horon,(CY) and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboyim(CZ) facing the wilderness.

19 Not a blacksmith(DA) could be found in the whole land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, “Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears!(DB) 20 So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plow points, mattocks, axes and sickles[i] sharpened. 21 The price was two-thirds of a shekel[j] for sharpening plow points and mattocks, and a third of a shekel[k] for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads.

22 So on the day of the battle not a soldier with Saul and Jonathan(DC) had a sword or spear(DD) in his hand; only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.

Jonathan Attacks the Philistines

23 Now a detachment of Philistines had gone out to the pass(DE) at Mikmash.(DF)


  1. 1 Samuel 12:11 Also called Gideon
  2. 1 Samuel 12:11 Some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew Bedan
  3. 1 Samuel 12:11 Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac Samson
  4. 1 Samuel 13:1 A few late manuscripts of the Septuagint; Hebrew does not have thirty.
  5. 1 Samuel 13:1 Probable reading of the original Hebrew text (see Acts 13:21); Masoretic Text does not have forty-.
  6. 1 Samuel 13:5 Some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew thirty thousand
  7. 1 Samuel 13:15 Hebrew; Septuagint Gilgal and went his way; the rest of the people went after Saul to meet the army, and they went out of Gilgal
  8. 1 Samuel 13:16 Two Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts Geba, a variant of Gibeah
  9. 1 Samuel 13:20 Septuagint; Hebrew plow points
  10. 1 Samuel 13:21 That is, about 1/4 ounce or about 8 grams
  11. 1 Samuel 13:21 That is, about 1/8 ounce or about 4 grams

Cross references:

  1. 1 Samuel 12:1 : S 1Sa 8:7
  2. 1 Samuel 12:1 : 1Sa 11:15
  3. 1 Samuel 12:2 : S 1Sa 8:5
  4. 1 Samuel 12:2 : 1Sa 8:3
  5. 1 Samuel 12:3 : S 1Sa 9:16; 24:6; 26:9, 11; 2Sa 1:14; 19:21; Ps 105:15
  6. 1 Samuel 12:3 : Nu 16:15
  7. 1 Samuel 12:3 : S Ex 18:21; S 1Sa 8:3
  8. 1 Samuel 12:3 : Ex 20:17; Ac 20:33
  9. 1 Samuel 12:3 : S Lev 25:14
  10. 1 Samuel 12:5 : S Ge 31:50
  11. 1 Samuel 12:5 : Ac 23:9; 24:20
  12. 1 Samuel 12:5 : Ex 22:4
  13. 1 Samuel 12:6 : S Ex 3:10; Mic 6:4
  14. 1 Samuel 12:7 : S Jos 24:1
  15. 1 Samuel 12:7 : Isa 1:18; 3:14; Jer 2:9; 25:31; Eze 17:20; 20:35; Mic 6:1-5
  16. 1 Samuel 12:7 : S Jdg 5:11
  17. 1 Samuel 12:8 : S Ge 46:6
  18. 1 Samuel 12:8 : S Ex 2:23
  19. 1 Samuel 12:8 : S Ex 3:10; 4:16
  20. 1 Samuel 12:9 : S Dt 32:18; S Jdg 3:7
  21. 1 Samuel 12:9 : S Dt 32:30
  22. 1 Samuel 12:9 : Jdg 4:2
  23. 1 Samuel 12:9 : S Jos 11:1
  24. 1 Samuel 12:9 : Jdg 10:7
  25. 1 Samuel 12:9 : Jdg 3:12
  26. 1 Samuel 12:10 : S Jdg 3:9
  27. 1 Samuel 12:10 : S 1Sa 8:8
  28. 1 Samuel 12:10 : S 1Sa 7:3
  29. 1 Samuel 12:11 : Jdg 6:32
  30. 1 Samuel 12:11 : S Jdg 4:6
  31. 1 Samuel 12:11 : S Jdg 11:1
  32. 1 Samuel 12:11 : S 1Sa 7:15
  33. 1 Samuel 12:12 : S 1Sa 11:1
  34. 1 Samuel 12:12 : S 1Sa 8:5
  35. 1 Samuel 12:12 : 1Sa 25:30; 2Sa 5:2; 1Ch 5:2
  36. 1 Samuel 12:13 : S 1Sa 8:5
  37. 1 Samuel 12:13 : S 1Sa 9:20
  38. 1 Samuel 12:14 : S Jos 24:14
  39. 1 Samuel 12:14 : Jer 4:17; La 1:18
  40. 1 Samuel 12:15 : Lev 26:16; Jos 24:20; Isa 1:20; Jer 4:17; 26:4
  41. 1 Samuel 12:16 : S Ex 14:14
  42. 1 Samuel 12:16 : S Ex 14:13
  43. 1 Samuel 12:17 : S Ge 30:14; S 1Sa 6:13
  44. 1 Samuel 12:17 : 1Ki 18:42; Jas 5:18
  45. 1 Samuel 12:17 : S Ex 9:23; S 1Sa 2:10
  46. 1 Samuel 12:17 : Ge 7:12; Ex 9:18; Job 37:13; Pr 26:1
  47. 1 Samuel 12:17 : S 1Sa 8:6-7
  48. 1 Samuel 12:18 : Ps 99:6
  49. 1 Samuel 12:18 : S Ge 3:10; S Ex 14:31
  50. 1 Samuel 12:19 : S Ex 8:8; S 1Sa 7:8; S Jer 37:3; Jas 5:18; 1Jn 5:16
  51. 1 Samuel 12:19 : S Dt 9:19
  52. 1 Samuel 12:20 : S Ex 32:30
  53. 1 Samuel 12:21 : Isa 40:20; 41:24, 29; 44:9; Jer 2:5, 11; 14:22; 16:19; Jnh 2:8; Hab 2:18; Ac 14:15
  54. 1 Samuel 12:21 : Dt 11:16
  55. 1 Samuel 12:22 : Ps 25:11; 106:8; Isa 48:9, 11; Jer 14:7; Da 9:19
  56. 1 Samuel 12:22 : S Jos 7:9; 2Sa 7:23; Jn 17:12
  57. 1 Samuel 12:22 : S Lev 26:11; S Dt 31:6
  58. 1 Samuel 12:22 : Dt 7:7; 1Pe 2:9
  59. 1 Samuel 12:23 : S Nu 11:2; S 1Sa 1:20; S 7:8; Ro 1:9-10
  60. 1 Samuel 12:23 : 1Ki 8:36; Ps 25:4; 34:11; 86:11; 94:12; Pr 4:11
  61. 1 Samuel 12:24 : Dt 6:2; Ecc 12:13
  62. 1 Samuel 12:24 : Dt 6:5; S Jos 24:14
  63. 1 Samuel 12:24 : Job 34:27; Isa 5:12; 22:11; 26:10
  64. 1 Samuel 12:24 : S Dt 10:21
  65. 1 Samuel 12:25 : 1Sa 31:1-5
  66. 1 Samuel 12:25 : Dt 28:36
  67. 1 Samuel 12:25 : S Jos 24:20; S 1Ki 14:10
  68. 1 Samuel 13:2 : ver 15
  69. 1 Samuel 13:2 : ver 5, 11, 23; Ne 11:31; Isa 10:28
  70. 1 Samuel 13:2 : S Jdg 19:14
  71. 1 Samuel 13:3 : S 1Sa 10:5
  72. 1 Samuel 13:3 : S Jos 18:24
  73. 1 Samuel 13:3 : S Lev 25:9; S Jdg 3:27
  74. 1 Samuel 13:4 : S Ge 34:30
  75. 1 Samuel 13:5 : 1Sa 17:1
  76. 1 Samuel 13:5 : S Jos 11:4; Rev 20:8
  77. 1 Samuel 13:5 : S ver 2
  78. 1 Samuel 13:5 : S Jos 7:2
  79. 1 Samuel 13:6 : 1Sa 14:11, 22
  80. 1 Samuel 13:6 : S Jdg 6:2; Eze 33:27
  81. 1 Samuel 13:7 : S Nu 32:33
  82. 1 Samuel 13:7 : S Ge 35:5; S Ex 19:16
  83. 1 Samuel 13:8 : 1Sa 10:8
  84. 1 Samuel 13:9 : Dt 12:5-14; 2Sa 24:25; 1Ki 3:4
  85. 1 Samuel 13:10 : 1Sa 15:13
  86. 1 Samuel 13:10 : 1Sa 25:14
  87. 1 Samuel 13:11 : S ver 2
  88. 1 Samuel 13:12 : S Jos 10:43
  89. 1 Samuel 13:12 : S Dt 4:29; Ps 119:58; Jer 26:19
  90. 1 Samuel 13:13 : 2Ch 16:9
  91. 1 Samuel 13:13 : ver 14; S Jos 22:16; 1Sa 15:23, 24; 2Sa 7:15; 1Ch 10:13
  92. 1 Samuel 13:13 : Ps 72:5
  93. 1 Samuel 13:14 : 1Sa 15:28; 18:8; 24:20; 1Ch 10:14
  94. 1 Samuel 13:14 : Ac 7:46; 13:22
  95. 1 Samuel 13:14 : 2Sa 6:21
  96. 1 Samuel 13:14 : 1Sa 25:30; 2Sa 5:2; Ps 18:43; Isa 16:5; 55:4; Jer 30:9; Eze 34:23-24; 37:24; Da 9:25; Hos 3:5; Mic 5:2
  97. 1 Samuel 13:14 : 1Sa 15:26; 16:1; 2Sa 12:9; 1Ki 13:21; Hos 13:11
  98. 1 Samuel 13:15 : 1Sa 14:2
  99. 1 Samuel 13:15 : ver 2
  100. 1 Samuel 13:16 : S Jos 18:24
  101. 1 Samuel 13:17 : 1Sa 14:15
  102. 1 Samuel 13:17 : S Jos 18:23
  103. 1 Samuel 13:18 : S Jos 10:10
  104. 1 Samuel 13:18 : Ne 11:34
  105. 1 Samuel 13:19 : S Ge 4:22
  106. 1 Samuel 13:19 : S Nu 25:7
  107. 1 Samuel 13:22 : 1Ch 9:39
  108. 1 Samuel 13:22 : S Nu 25:7; 1Sa 14:6; 17:47; Zec 4:6
  109. 1 Samuel 13:23 : 1Sa 14:4
  110. 1 Samuel 13:23 : S ver 2
New International Version (NIV)

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John 7:1-30

Jesus Goes to the Festival of Tabernacles

After this, Jesus went around in Galilee. He did not want[a] to go about in Judea because the Jewish leaders(A) there were looking for a way to kill him.(B) But when the Jewish Festival of Tabernacles(C) was near, Jesus’ brothers(D) said to him, “Leave Galilee and go to Judea, so that your disciples there may see the works you do. No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world.” For even his own brothers did not believe in him.(E)

Therefore Jesus told them, “My time(F) is not yet here; for you any time will do. The world cannot hate you, but it hates me(G) because I testify that its works are evil.(H) You go to the festival. I am not[b] going up to this festival, because my time(I) has not yet fully come.” After he had said this, he stayed in Galilee.

10 However, after his brothers had left for the festival, he went also, not publicly, but in secret. 11 Now at the festival the Jewish leaders were watching for Jesus(J) and asking, “Where is he?”

12 Among the crowds there was widespread whispering about him. Some said, “He is a good man.”

Others replied, “No, he deceives the people.”(K) 13 But no one would say anything publicly about him for fear of the leaders.(L)

Jesus Teaches at the Festival

14 Not until halfway through the festival did Jesus go up to the temple courts and begin to teach.(M) 15 The Jews(N) there were amazed and asked, “How did this man get such learning(O) without having been taught?”(P)

16 Jesus answered, “My teaching is not my own. It comes from the one who sent me.(Q) 17 Anyone who chooses to do the will of God will find out(R) whether my teaching comes from God or whether I speak on my own. 18 Whoever speaks on their own does so to gain personal glory,(S) but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him. 19 Has not Moses given you the law?(T) Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?”(U)

20 “You are demon-possessed,”(V) the crowd answered. “Who is trying to kill you?”

21 Jesus said to them, “I did one miracle,(W) and you are all amazed. 22 Yet, because Moses gave you circumcision(X) (though actually it did not come from Moses, but from the patriarchs),(Y) you circumcise a boy on the Sabbath. 23 Now if a boy can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry with me for healing a man’s whole body on the Sabbath? 24 Stop judging by mere appearances, but instead judge correctly.”(Z)

Division Over Who Jesus Is

25 At that point some of the people of Jerusalem began to ask, “Isn’t this the man they are trying to kill?(AA) 26 Here he is, speaking publicly, and they are not saying a word to him. Have the authorities(AB) really concluded that he is the Messiah?(AC) 27 But we know where this man is from;(AD) when the Messiah comes, no one will know where he is from.”

28 Then Jesus, still teaching in the temple courts,(AE) cried out, “Yes, you know me, and you know where I am from.(AF) I am not here on my own authority, but he who sent me is true.(AG) You do not know him, 29 but I know him(AH) because I am from him and he sent me.”(AI)

30 At this they tried to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him,(AJ) because his hour had not yet come.(AK)


  1. John 7:1 Some manuscripts not have authority
  2. John 7:8 Some manuscripts not yet
New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 108

Psalm 108[a](A)(B)

A song. A psalm of David.

My heart, O God, is steadfast;(C)
I will sing(D) and make music with all my soul.
Awake, harp and lyre!(E)
I will awaken the dawn.
I will praise you, Lord, among the nations;
I will sing of you among the peoples.
For great is your love,(F) higher than the heavens;
your faithfulness(G) reaches to the skies.(H)
Be exalted, O God, above the heavens;(I)
let your glory be over all the earth.(J)

Save us and help us with your right hand,(K)
that those you love may be delivered.
God has spoken(L) from his sanctuary:(M)
“In triumph I will parcel out Shechem(N)
and measure off the Valley of Sukkoth.(O)
Gilead is mine, Manasseh is mine;
Ephraim is my helmet,
Judah(P) is my scepter.
Moab(Q) is my washbasin,
on Edom(R) I toss my sandal;
over Philistia(S) I shout in triumph.”

10 Who will bring me to the fortified city?
Who will lead me to Edom?
11 Is it not you, God, you who have rejected us
and no longer go out with our armies?(T)
12 Give us aid against the enemy,
for human help is worthless.(U)
13 With God we will gain the victory,
and he will trample down(V) our enemies.


  1. Psalm 108:1 In Hebrew texts 108:1-13 is numbered 108:2-14.
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Proverbs 15:4

The soothing tongue(A) is a tree of life,(B)
but a perverse tongue crushes the spirit.(C)

New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday May 11, 2022 (NIV)

1 Samuel 10-11

10 Then Samuel took a flask(A) of olive oil and poured it on Saul’s head and kissed him, saying, “Has not the Lord anointed(B) you ruler over his inheritance?[a](C) When you leave me today, you will meet two men near Rachel’s tomb,(D) at Zelzah on the border of Benjamin. They will say to you, ‘The donkeys(E) you set out to look for have been found. And now your father has stopped thinking about them and is worried(F) about you. He is asking, “What shall I do about my son?”’

“Then you will go on from there until you reach the great tree of Tabor. Three men going up to worship God at Bethel(G) will meet you there. One will be carrying three young goats, another three loaves of bread, and another a skin of wine. They will greet you and offer you two loaves of bread,(H) which you will accept from them.

“After that you will go to Gibeah(I) of God, where there is a Philistine outpost.(J) As you approach the town, you will meet a procession of prophets(K) coming down from the high place(L) with lyres, timbrels,(M) pipes(N) and harps(O) being played before them, and they will be prophesying.(P) The Spirit(Q) of the Lord will come powerfully upon you, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed(R) into a different person. Once these signs are fulfilled, do whatever(S) your hand(T) finds to do, for God is with(U) you.

“Go down ahead of me to Gilgal.(V) I will surely come down to you to sacrifice burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, but you must wait seven(W) days until I come to you and tell you what you are to do.”

Saul Made King

As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed(X) Saul’s heart, and all these signs(Y) were fulfilled(Z) that day. 10 When he and his servant arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the Spirit(AA) of God came powerfully upon him, and he joined in their prophesying.(AB) 11 When all those who had formerly known him saw him prophesying with the prophets, they asked each other, “What is this(AC) that has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?”(AD)

12 A man who lived there answered, “And who is their father?” So it became a saying: “Is Saul also among the prophets?”(AE) 13 After Saul stopped prophesying,(AF) he went to the high place.

14 Now Saul’s uncle(AG) asked him and his servant, “Where have you been?”

“Looking for the donkeys,(AH)” he said. “But when we saw they were not to be found, we went to Samuel.”

15 Saul’s uncle said, “Tell me what Samuel said to you.”

16 Saul replied, “He assured us that the donkeys(AI) had been found.” But he did not tell his uncle what Samuel had said about the kingship.

17 Samuel summoned the people of Israel to the Lord at Mizpah(AJ) 18 and said to them, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘I brought Israel up out of Egypt, and I delivered you from the power of Egypt and all the kingdoms that oppressed(AK) you.’ 19 But you have now rejected(AL) your God, who saves(AM) you out of all your disasters and calamities. And you have said, ‘No, appoint a king(AN) over us.’(AO) So now present(AP) yourselves before the Lord by your tribes and clans.”

20 When Samuel had all Israel come forward by tribes, the tribe of Benjamin was taken by lot. 21 Then he brought forward the tribe of Benjamin, clan by clan, and Matri’s clan was taken.(AQ) Finally Saul son of Kish was taken. But when they looked for him, he was not to be found. 22 So they inquired(AR) further of the Lord, “Has the man come here yet?”

And the Lord said, “Yes, he has hidden himself among the supplies.”

23 They ran and brought him out, and as he stood among the people he was a head taller(AS) than any of the others. 24 Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see the man the Lord has chosen?(AT) There is no one like(AU) him among all the people.”

Then the people shouted, “Long live(AV) the king!”

25 Samuel explained(AW) to the people the rights and duties(AX) of kingship.(AY) He wrote them down on a scroll and deposited it before the Lord. Then Samuel dismissed the people to go to their own homes.

26 Saul also went to his home in Gibeah,(AZ) accompanied by valiant men(BA) whose hearts God had touched. 27 But some scoundrels(BB) said, “How can this fellow save us?” They despised him and brought him no gifts.(BC) But Saul kept silent.

Saul Rescues the City of Jabesh

11 Nahash[b](BD) the Ammonite went up and besieged Jabesh Gilead.(BE) And all the men of Jabesh said to him, “Make a treaty(BF) with us, and we will be subject to you.”

But Nahash the Ammonite replied, “I will make a treaty with you only on the condition(BG) that I gouge(BH) out the right eye of every one of you and so bring disgrace(BI) on all Israel.”

The elders(BJ) of Jabesh said to him, “Give us seven days so we can send messengers throughout Israel; if no one comes to rescue(BK) us, we will surrender(BL) to you.”

When the messengers came to Gibeah(BM) of Saul and reported these terms to the people, they all wept(BN) aloud. Just then Saul was returning from the fields, behind his oxen, and he asked, “What is wrong with everyone? Why are they weeping?” Then they repeated to him what the men of Jabesh had said.

When Saul heard their words, the Spirit(BO) of God came powerfully upon him, and he burned with anger. He took a pair of oxen,(BP) cut them into pieces, and sent the pieces by messengers throughout Israel,(BQ) proclaiming, “This is what will be done to the oxen of anyone(BR) who does not follow Saul and Samuel.” Then the terror of the Lord fell on the people, and they came out together as one.(BS) When Saul mustered(BT) them at Bezek,(BU) the men of Israel numbered three hundred thousand and those of Judah thirty thousand.

They told the messengers who had come, “Say to the men of Jabesh Gilead, ‘By the time the sun is hot tomorrow, you will be rescued.’” When the messengers went and reported this to the men of Jabesh, they were elated. 10 They said to the Ammonites, “Tomorrow we will surrender(BV) to you, and you can do to us whatever you like.”

11 The next day Saul separated his men into three divisions;(BW) during the last watch of the night they broke into the camp of the Ammonites(BX) and slaughtered them until the heat of the day. Those who survived were scattered, so that no two of them were left together.

Saul Confirmed as King

12 The people then said to Samuel, “Who(BY) was it that asked, ‘Shall Saul reign over us?’ Turn these men over to us so that we may put them to death.”

13 But Saul said, “No one will be put to death today,(BZ) for this day the Lord has rescued(CA) Israel.”

14 Then Samuel said to the people, “Come, let us go to Gilgal(CB) and there renew the kingship.(CC) 15 So all the people went to Gilgal(CD) and made Saul king(CE) in the presence of the Lord. There they sacrificed fellowship offerings before the Lord, and Saul and all the Israelites held a great celebration.


  1. 1 Samuel 10:1 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate over his people Israel? You will reign over the Lord’s people and save them from the power of their enemies round about. And this will be a sign to you that the Lord has anointed you ruler over his inheritance:
  2. 1 Samuel 11:1 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls gifts. Now Nahash king of the Ammonites oppressed the Gadites and Reubenites severely. He gouged out all their right eyes and struck terror and dread in Israel. Not a man remained among the Israelites beyond the Jordan whose right eye was not gouged out by Nahash king of the Ammonites, except that seven thousand men fled from the Ammonites and entered Jabesh Gilead. About a month later, Nahash

Cross references:

  1. 1 Samuel 10:1 : 1Sa 16:1; 2Ki 9:1, 3, 6
  2. 1 Samuel 10:1 : S Ex 29:7; S 1Sa 9:16; S 1Ki 1:39
  3. 1 Samuel 10:1 : S Ex 34:9; 2Sa 20:19; Ps 78:62, 71
  4. 1 Samuel 10:2 : Ge 35:20
  5. 1 Samuel 10:2 : 1Sa 9:4
  6. 1 Samuel 10:2 : 1Sa 9:5
  7. 1 Samuel 10:3 : S Ge 35:7-8
  8. 1 Samuel 10:4 : ver 27; 1Sa 16:20; Pr 18:16
  9. 1 Samuel 10:5 : ver 26; 1Sa 11:4; 15:34
  10. 1 Samuel 10:5 : 1Sa 13:3
  11. 1 Samuel 10:5 : S Nu 11:29; 1Ki 20:35; 2Ki 2:3, 15; 4:1; 6:1; 9:1; Am 7:14
  12. 1 Samuel 10:5 : S Lev 26:30
  13. 1 Samuel 10:5 : S Ge 31:27; Jer 31:4
  14. 1 Samuel 10:5 : 1Ki 1:40; Isa 30:29
  15. 1 Samuel 10:5 : 1Sa 16:16; 18:10; 19:9; 2Ki 3:15; Ps 92:3
  16. 1 Samuel 10:5 : ver 10; 1Sa 19:20; 1Ch 25:1; 1Co 14:1
  17. 1 Samuel 10:6 : S Nu 11:25
  18. 1 Samuel 10:6 : ver 9
  19. 1 Samuel 10:7 : 2Sa 7:3; 1Ki 8:17; 1Ch 22:7; 28:2; 2Ch 6:7; Ecc 9:10
  20. 1 Samuel 10:7 : Jdg 9:33
  21. 1 Samuel 10:7 : S Jos 1:5; Lk 1:28; Heb 13:5
  22. 1 Samuel 10:8 : Jos 4:20; S 10:43; 1Sa 7:16; 11:14-15
  23. 1 Samuel 10:8 : 1Sa 13:8
  24. 1 Samuel 10:9 : ver 6
  25. 1 Samuel 10:9 : S Dt 13:2
  26. 1 Samuel 10:9 : ver 7
  27. 1 Samuel 10:10 : S Nu 11:25; 1Sa 11:6
  28. 1 Samuel 10:10 : S ver 5-6
  29. 1 Samuel 10:11 : Mt 13:54; Jn 7:15
  30. 1 Samuel 10:11 : ver 12; 1Sa 19:24; 2Ki 9:11; Jer 29:26; Hos 9:7
  31. 1 Samuel 10:12 : S ver 11
  32. 1 Samuel 10:13 : 1Sa 19:23
  33. 1 Samuel 10:14 : 1Sa 14:50
  34. 1 Samuel 10:14 : S 1Sa 9:3
  35. 1 Samuel 10:16 : S 1Sa 9:3
  36. 1 Samuel 10:17 : S 1Sa 7:5
  37. 1 Samuel 10:18 : S Ex 1:14; S Nu 10:9
  38. 1 Samuel 10:19 : S Nu 11:20; S Dt 33:5
  39. 1 Samuel 10:19 : Ps 7:10; 18:48; 68:20; 145:19
  40. 1 Samuel 10:19 : S 1Sa 8:5-7
  41. 1 Samuel 10:19 : S Dt 17:14
  42. 1 Samuel 10:19 : Jos 7:14
  43. 1 Samuel 10:21 : Est 3:7; Pr 16:33
  44. 1 Samuel 10:22 : S Ge 25:22; S Jdg 18:5
  45. 1 Samuel 10:23 : 1Sa 9:2
  46. 1 Samuel 10:24 : Dt 17:15; 2Sa 21:6
  47. 1 Samuel 10:24 : 1Sa 9:2
  48. 1 Samuel 10:24 : 1Ki 1:25, 34, 39; 2Ki 11:12
  49. 1 Samuel 10:25 : S 1Sa 8:9
  50. 1 Samuel 10:25 : S Dt 17:14-20; S 1Sa 8:11-18; 2Ki 11:12
  51. 1 Samuel 10:25 : 1Sa 11:14
  52. 1 Samuel 10:26 : S ver 5; S Jdg 19:14
  53. 1 Samuel 10:26 : S Jdg 20:44
  54. 1 Samuel 10:27 : S Dt 13:13; S 1Sa 20:7
  55. 1 Samuel 10:27 : S ver 4; 1Ki 10:25; 2Ch 17:5; 32:23; Ps 68:29
  56. 1 Samuel 11:1 : S Ge 19:38; 1Sa 12:12; 2Sa 10:2; 17:27; 1Ch 19:1
  57. 1 Samuel 11:1 : Jdg 21:8; 1Sa 31:11; 2Sa 2:4, 5; 21:12
  58. 1 Samuel 11:1 : S Ex 23:32; S Jer 37:1
  59. 1 Samuel 11:2 : Ge 34:15
  60. 1 Samuel 11:2 : S Nu 16:14
  61. 1 Samuel 11:2 : 1Sa 17:26
  62. 1 Samuel 11:3 : S 1Sa 8:4
  63. 1 Samuel 11:3 : S Jdg 2:16
  64. 1 Samuel 11:3 : ver 10
  65. 1 Samuel 11:4 : S 1Sa 10:5, 26
  66. 1 Samuel 11:4 : S Ge 27:38; S Nu 25:6
  67. 1 Samuel 11:6 : S Jdg 3:10
  68. 1 Samuel 11:7 : S 1Sa 6:14
  69. 1 Samuel 11:7 : S Jdg 19:29
  70. 1 Samuel 11:7 : Jdg 21:5
  71. 1 Samuel 11:7 : S Jdg 20:1
  72. 1 Samuel 11:8 : Jdg 20:2
  73. 1 Samuel 11:8 : Jdg 1:4
  74. 1 Samuel 11:10 : ver 3
  75. 1 Samuel 11:11 : S Jdg 7:16
  76. 1 Samuel 11:11 : S Ge 19:38
  77. 1 Samuel 11:12 : S Dt 13:13; Lk 19:27