The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday July 8, 2020 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 5:18-6:81

18 The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh had valiant men who carried shield and sword, and drew the bow, (A)expert in war, 44,760, able to go to war. 19 They waged war against the (B)Hagrites, (C)Jetur, Naphish, and Nodab. 20 And when they prevailed[a] over them, the Hagrites and all who were with them were given into their hands, (D)for they cried out to God in the battle, and he granted their urgent plea (E)because they trusted in him. 21 They carried off their livestock: 50,000 of their camels, 250,000 sheep, 2,000 donkeys, and 100,000 men alive. 22 For many fell, because the war was of God. And they lived (F)in their place until (G)the exile.

The Half-Tribe of Manasseh

23 The members of the half-tribe of Manasseh lived in the land. They were very numerous from Bashan to Baal-hermon, (H)Senir, and Mount Hermon. 24 These were the heads of their fathers' houses: Epher,[b] Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty warriors, famous men, heads of their fathers' houses. 25 But they broke faith with the God of their fathers, and (I)whored (J)after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them. 26 So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of (K)Pul king of Assyria, the spirit of (L)Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and he took them into exile, namely, the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them (M)to Halah, (N)Habor, Hara, and (O)the river Gozan, to this day.

Descendants of Levi

[c] (P)The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (Q)The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. (R)The children of Amram: Aaron, Moses, and Miriam. (S)The sons of Aaron: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. (T)(U)Eleazar fathered (V)Phinehas, Phinehas fathered Abishua, Abishua fathered Bukki, Bukki fathered Uzzi, Uzzi fathered Zerahiah, Zerahiah fathered (W)Meraioth, Meraioth fathered Amariah, Amariah fathered Ahitub, (X)Ahitub fathered (Y)Zadok, Zadok fathered Ahimaaz, Ahimaaz fathered Azariah, Azariah fathered Johanan, 10 and Johanan fathered Azariah ((Z)it was he who served as priest (AA)in the house that Solomon built in Jerusalem). 11 (AB)Azariah fathered (AC)Amariah, Amariah fathered Ahitub, 12 Ahitub fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered (AD)Shallum, 13 Shallum fathered (AE)Hilkiah, Hilkiah fathered Azariah, 14 Azariah fathered (AF)Seraiah, Seraiah fathered Jehozadak; 15 and (AG)Jehozadak went into exile when the Lord sent Judah and Jerusalem into exile (AH)by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.

16 [d] The (AI)sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari. 17 And these are the names of the sons of Gershom: (AJ)Libni and Shimei. 18 (AK)The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. 19 (AL)The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the clans of the Levites according to their fathers. 20 (AM)Of Gershom: Libni his son, (AN)Jahath his son, Zimmah his son, 21 Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeatherai his son. 22 (AO)The sons of Kohath: Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son, 23 Elkanah his son, Ebiasaph his son, Assir his son, 24 Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son. 25 The sons of Elkanah: Amasai and Ahimoth, 26 Elkanah his son, Zophai his son, Nahath his son, 27 Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son. 28 The sons of Samuel: Joel[e] his firstborn, the second Abijah.[f] 29 (AP)The sons of Merari: Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzzah his son, 30 Shimea his son, Haggiah his son, and Asaiah his son.

31 These are the men (AQ)whom David put in charge of the service of song in the house of the Lord (AR)after the ark rested there. 32 They ministered with song before the tabernacle of the tent of meeting until Solomon built the house of the Lord in Jerusalem, and they performed their service according to their order. 33 These are the men who served and their sons. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman the singer the son of Joel, son of (AS)Samuel, 34 son of Elkanah, son of Jeroham, son of Eliel, son of Toah, 35 son of Zuph, son of Elkanah, son of Mahath, son of Amasai, 36 son of Elkanah, son of Joel, son of Azariah, son of Zephaniah, 37 son of Tahath, son of Assir, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah, 38 son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, son of Israel; 39 and his brother (AT)Asaph, who stood on his right hand, namely, Asaph the son of Berechiah, son of Shimea, 40 son of Michael, son of Baaseiah, son of Malchijah, 41 son of Ethni, son of Zerah, son of Adaiah, 42 son of Ethan, son of Zimmah, son of Shimei, 43 son of Jahath, son of Gershom, son of Levi. 44 On the left hand were their brothers, the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, son of Abdi, son of Malluch, 45 son of Hashabiah, son of Amaziah, son of Hilkiah, 46 son of Amzi, son of Bani, son of Shemer, 47 son of Mahli, son of Mushi, son of Merari, son of Levi. 48 And their brothers the Levites were appointed for all the service of the tabernacle of the house of God.

49 But Aaron and his sons made offerings (AU)on the altar of burnt offering and on (AV)the altar of incense for all the work of the Most Holy Place, and (AW)to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded. 50 (AX)These are the sons of Aaron: Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son, 51 Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son, 52 Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son, 53 Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.

54 These are their dwelling places according to their (AY)settlements within their borders: to the sons of Aaron of the (AZ)clans of Kohathites, for theirs was the first lot, 55 to them they gave Hebron in the land of Judah and its surrounding pasturelands, 56 (BA)but the fields of the city and its villages they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh. 57 (BB)To the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of refuge: Hebron, Libnah with its pasturelands, Jattir, Eshtemoa with its pasturelands, 58 Hilen with its pasturelands, Debir with its pasturelands, 59 Ashan with its pasturelands, and Beth-shemesh with its pasturelands; 60 and from the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon,[g] Geba with its pasturelands, Alemeth with its pasturelands, and Anathoth with its pasturelands. All their cities throughout their clans were thirteen.

61 (BC)To the rest of the Kohathites were given by lot out of the clan of the tribe, out of the half-tribe, the half of Manasseh, ten cities. 62 To the Gershomites according to their clans were allotted thirteen cities out of the tribes of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali and Manasseh in Bashan. 63 (BD)To the Merarites according to their clans were allotted twelve cities out of the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun. 64 (BE)So the people of Israel gave the Levites the cities with their pasturelands. 65 They gave by lot out of the tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin (BF)these cities that are mentioned by name.

66 (BG)And some of the clans of the sons of Kohath had cities of their territory out of the tribe of Ephraim. 67 They were given the cities of refuge: Shechem with its pasturelands in the hill country of Ephraim, Gezer with its pasturelands, 68 (BH)Jokmeam with its pasturelands, Beth-horon with its pasturelands, 69 Aijalon with its pasturelands, Gath-rimmon with its pasturelands, 70 and out of the half-tribe of Manasseh, Aner with its pasturelands, and Bileam with its pasturelands, for the rest of the clans of the Kohathites.

71 (BI)To the Gershomites were given out of the clan of the half-tribe of Manasseh: Golan in Bashan with its pasturelands and (BJ)Ashtaroth with its pasturelands; 72 and out of the tribe of Issachar: Kedesh with its pasturelands, Daberath with its pasturelands, 73 Ramoth with its pasturelands, and Anem with its pasturelands; 74 out of the tribe of Asher: Mashal with its pasturelands, Abdon with its pasturelands, 75 Hukok with its pasturelands, and Rehob with its pasturelands; 76 and out of the tribe of Naphtali: Kedesh in Galilee with its pasturelands, Hammon with its pasturelands, and Kiriathaim with its pasturelands. 77 (BK)To the rest of the Merarites were allotted out of the tribe of Zebulun: (BL)Rimmono with its pasturelands, (BM)Tabor with its pasturelands, 78 and (BN)beyond the Jordan at Jericho, on the east side of the Jordan, out of the tribe of Reuben: Bezer in the wilderness with its pasturelands, Jahzah with its pasturelands, 79 Kedemoth with its pasturelands, and Mephaath with its pasturelands; 80 and out of the tribe of Gad: (BO)Ramoth in Gilead with its pasturelands, (BP)Mahanaim with its pasturelands, 81 (BQ)Heshbon with its pasturelands, and (BR)Jazer with its pasturelands.


  1. 1 Chronicles 5:20 Or they were helped to prevail
  2. 1 Chronicles 5:24 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew and Epher
  3. 1 Chronicles 6:1 Ch 5:27 in Hebrew
  4. 1 Chronicles 6:16 Ch 6:1 in Hebrew
  5. 1 Chronicles 6:28 Septuagint, Syriac (compare verse 33 and 1 Samuel 8:2); Hebrew lacks Joel
  6. 1 Chronicles 6:28 Hebrew and Abijah
  7. 1 Chronicles 6:60 Septuagint, Syriac (compare Joshua 21:17); Hebrew lacks Gibeon

Cross references:

  1. 1 Chronicles 5:18 : Num. 1:3
  2. 1 Chronicles 5:19 : See ver. 10
  3. 1 Chronicles 5:19 : ch. 1:31; [Gen. 25:15]
  4. 1 Chronicles 5:20 : [2 Chr. 14:11; 18:31]
  5. 1 Chronicles 5:20 : Ps. 22:4, 5
  6. 1 Chronicles 5:22 : ch. 4:41
  7. 1 Chronicles 5:22 : ver. 6; 2 Kgs. 15:29; 17:6
  8. 1 Chronicles 5:23 : Deut. 3:9; Ezek. 27:5
  9. 1 Chronicles 5:25 : See Ex. 34:15
  10. 1 Chronicles 5:25 : 2 Kgs. 17:7
  11. 1 Chronicles 5:26 : 2 Kgs. 15:19
  12. 1 Chronicles 5:26 : See ver. 6
  13. 1 Chronicles 5:26 : 2 Kgs. 17:6; 18:11
  14. 1 Chronicles 5:26 : 2 Kgs. 17:6; 18:11
  15. 1 Chronicles 5:26 : 2 Kgs. 17:6; 18:11
  16. 1 Chronicles 6:1 : ch. 23:6; Gen. 46:11; Ex. 6:16; Num. 26:57
  17. 1 Chronicles 6:2 : Ex. 6:18; [ver. 22]
  18. 1 Chronicles 6:3 : Ex. 6:20; 15:20
  19. 1 Chronicles 6:3 : Lev. 10:1, 12
  20. 1 Chronicles 6:4 : For ver. 4-6, 11-14, see Ezra 7:1-5
  21. 1 Chronicles 6:4 : For ver. 4-8, see ver. 50-53
  22. 1 Chronicles 6:4 : See Ex. 6:25
  23. 1 Chronicles 6:6 : [ch. 9:11; Neh. 11:11]
  24. 1 Chronicles 6:8 : 2 Sam. 8:17
  25. 1 Chronicles 6:8 : 2 Sam. 15:27
  26. 1 Chronicles 6:10 : 2 Chr. 26:17, 18
  27. 1 Chronicles 6:10 : See 1 Kgs. 6; 2 Chr. 3
  28. 1 Chronicles 6:11 : [See ver. 4 above]; For ver. 4-6, 11-14, see Ezra 7:1-5
  29. 1 Chronicles 6:11 : 2 Chr. 19:11; Ezra 7:3
  30. 1 Chronicles 6:12 : [Neh. 11:11]
  31. 1 Chronicles 6:13 : 2 Kgs. 22:4; Ezra 7:1
  32. 1 Chronicles 6:14 : 2 Kgs. 25:18
  33. 1 Chronicles 6:15 : [Ezra 3:2]
  34. 1 Chronicles 6:15 : See 2 Kgs. 25:8-21
  35. 1 Chronicles 6:16 : For ver. 16-19, see Ex. 6:16-19
  36. 1 Chronicles 6:17 : [ch. 23:7]
  37. 1 Chronicles 6:18 : ch. 23:12
  38. 1 Chronicles 6:19 : ch. 23:21; [ver. 44, 47]
  39. 1 Chronicles 6:20 : For ver. 20, 21, see ver. 41-43
  40. 1 Chronicles 6:20 : ver. 43
  41. 1 Chronicles 6:22 : For ver. 22-28, see ver. 33-38
  42. 1 Chronicles 6:29 : [ver. 19, 44-47]
  43. 1 Chronicles 6:31 : See ch. 16:4-6
  44. 1 Chronicles 6:31 : See ch. 15:25–16:1; 2 Sam. 6:12-17
  45. 1 Chronicles 6:33 : [ver. 28]
  46. 1 Chronicles 6:39 : ch. 15:17, 19; 2 Chr. 5:12; Ezra 2:41; Neh. 7:44
  47. 1 Chronicles 6:49 : Lev. 1:7, 9
  48. 1 Chronicles 6:49 : Ex. 30:7
  49. 1 Chronicles 6:49 : Ex. 30:10; Lev. 4:20
  50. 1 Chronicles 6:50 : For ver. 50-53, see ver. 4-8
  51. 1 Chronicles 6:54 : Gen. 25:16; Num. 31:10
  52. 1 Chronicles 6:54 : Josh. 21:4, 10
  53. 1 Chronicles 6:56 : [Josh. 14:13; 15:13]
  54. 1 Chronicles 6:57 : For ver. 57-60, see Josh. 21:13-19
  55. 1 Chronicles 6:61 : [ver. 66-70; Josh. 21:5]
  56. 1 Chronicles 6:63 : Josh. 21:7
  57. 1 Chronicles 6:64 : Josh. 21:3
  58. 1 Chronicles 6:65 : See ver. 57-60
  59. 1 Chronicles 6:66 : For ver. 66-70, see Josh. 21:20-26
  60. 1 Chronicles 6:68 : Josh. 12:22; 1 Kgs. 4:12
  61. 1 Chronicles 6:71 : For ver. 71-76, see Josh. 21:27-33
  62. 1 Chronicles 6:71 : Josh. 9:10
  63. 1 Chronicles 6:77 : For ver. 77-81, see Josh. 21:34-39
  64. 1 Chronicles 6:77 : [Josh. 19:12, 13]
  65. 1 Chronicles 6:77 : [Josh. 19:12, 13]
  66. 1 Chronicles 6:78 : Josh. 13:32
  67. 1 Chronicles 6:80 : 1 Kgs. 22:3, 4; 2 Kgs. 9:1, 14
  68. 1 Chronicles 6:80 : See Gen. 32:2
  69. 1 Chronicles 6:81 : Josh. 13:17; 21:39
  70. 1 Chronicles 6:81 : Num. 21:32; Josh. 21:39
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Acts 26

Paul's Defense Before Agrippa

26 So (A)Agrippa said to Paul, “You have permission to speak for yourself.” Then Paul stretched out his hand and made his defense:

“I consider myself fortunate that it is before you, King Agrippa, I am going to make my defense today (B)against all the accusations of the Jews, especially because you are familiar with all the (C)customs and (D)controversies of the Jews. Therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently.

(E)“My manner of life from my youth, spent from the beginning among (F)my own nation and in Jerusalem, is known by all the Jews. They have known for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that (G)according to the strictest (H)party of our (I)religion I have lived as (J)a Pharisee. And now I stand here on trial because of my hope in (K)the promise made by God to our fathers, (L)to which (M)our twelve tribes hope to (N)attain, as they earnestly worship night and day. And for this hope (O)I am accused by Jews, O king! Why is it thought (P)incredible by any of you that God raises the dead?

(Q)“I myself was convinced that I ought to do many things in opposing the name of (R)Jesus of Nazareth. 10 (S)And I did so in Jerusalem. I not only locked up many of the saints in prison after receiving authority (T)from the chief priests, but (U)when they were put to death I cast my vote against them. 11 And (V)I punished them often in all the synagogues and tried to make them (W)blaspheme, and (X)in raging fury against them I (Y)persecuted them even to foreign cities.

Paul Tells of His Conversion

12 “In this connection (Z)I journeyed to Damascus with the authority and commission of the chief priests. 13 At midday, O king, I saw on the way a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, that shone around me and those who journeyed with me. 14 And when we had all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me (AA)in the Hebrew language,[a] ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads.’ 15 And I said, ‘Who are you, Lord?’ And the Lord said, ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting. 16 But rise and (AB)stand upon your feet, for I have appeared to you for this purpose, (AC)to appoint you as a servant and witness to the things in which you have seen me and to those in which I will appear to you, 17 (AD)delivering you from your people and from the Gentiles—(AE)to whom I (AF)am sending you 18 (AG)to open their eyes, so that they may turn from darkness to light and from (AH)the power of Satan to God, that they may receive (AI)forgiveness of sins and (AJ)a place among those who are sanctified (AK)by faith in me.’

19 “Therefore, O King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to (AL)the heavenly vision, 20 but declared first (AM)to those in Damascus, (AN)then in Jerusalem and throughout all the region of Judea, and also (AO)to the Gentiles, that they should (AP)repent and (AQ)turn to God, performing deeds (AR)in keeping with their repentance. 21 For this reason (AS)the Jews seized me in the temple and tried to kill me. 22 (AT)To this day I have had the help that comes from God, and so (AU)I stand here testifying both to small and great, saying nothing but what (AV)the prophets and Moses said would come to pass: 23 (AW)that the Christ (AX)must suffer and that, (AY)by being the first (AZ)to rise from the dead, (BA)he would proclaim (BB)light both to our people and to the Gentiles.”

24 And as he was saying these things in his defense, Festus said with a loud voice, “Paul, (BC)you are out of your mind; your great learning is driving you out of your mind.” 25 But Paul said, “I am not out of my mind, (BD)most excellent Festus, but I am speaking (BE)true and (BF)rational words. 26 For (BG)the king knows about these things, and to him I speak boldly. For I am persuaded that none of these things has escaped his notice, for this has not been done in a corner. 27 King Agrippa, do you believe the prophets? I know that you believe.” 28 And Agrippa said to Paul, “In a short time would you persuade me to be (BH)a Christian?”[b] 29 And Paul said, “Whether short or long, I would to God that not only you but also all who hear me this day (BI)might become such as I am—except for (BJ)these chains.”

30 Then the king rose, and (BK)the governor and Bernice and those who were sitting with them. 31 And when they had withdrawn, they said to one another, (BL)“This man is doing nothing to deserve death or imprisonment.” 32 And Agrippa said to Festus, (BM)“This man could have been set (BN)free if he had not appealed (BO)to Caesar.”


  1. Acts 26:14 Or the Hebrew dialect (probably Aramaic)
  2. Acts 26:28 Or In a short time you would persuade me to act like a Christian!

Cross references:

  1. Acts 26:1 : See ch. 9:15
  2. Acts 26:2 : ch. 25:7, 19; [ver. 7]
  3. Acts 26:3 : See ch. 6:14
  4. Acts 26:3 : See ch. 18:15
  5. Acts 26:4 : [Gal. 1:13]
  6. Acts 26:4 : ch. 24:17; 28:19
  7. Acts 26:5 : ch. 22:3
  8. Acts 26:5 : See ch. 24:5
  9. Acts 26:5 : James 1:26, 27
  10. Acts 26:5 : ch. 23:6
  11. Acts 26:6 : See ch. 13:32
  12. Acts 26:7 : [ch. 2:33; Heb. 10:36; 11:13, 39]
  13. Acts 26:7 : Matt. 19:28; Luke 22:30; James 1:1; Rev. 21:12; [Ezra 6:17]
  14. Acts 26:7 : Phil. 3:11
  15. Acts 26:7 : ver. 2
  16. Acts 26:8 : [ch. 17:3; 1 Cor. 15:12]
  17. Acts 26:9 : 1 Tim. 1:13; [John 16:2]; See ch. 3:17
  18. Acts 26:9 : ch. 22:8
  19. Acts 26:10 : See ch. 8:3
  20. Acts 26:10 : ver. 12; ch. 9:1, 2, 14, 21; 22:4, 5
  21. Acts 26:10 : See ch. 22:20
  22. Acts 26:11 : ch. 22:19
  23. Acts 26:11 : See ch. 13:45
  24. Acts 26:11 : ch. 9:1
  25. Acts 26:11 : ch. 22:5
  26. Acts 26:12 : For ver. 12-18, see ch. 9:3-8; 22:6-11
  27. Acts 26:14 : ch. 21:40; 22:2
  28. Acts 26:16 : Ezek. 2:1; Dan. 10:11
  29. Acts 26:16 : See ch. 22:14, 15
  30. Acts 26:17 : [ch. 12:11; 1 Chr. 16:35; Jer. 1:8, 19; 15:20]
  31. Acts 26:17 : See ch. 9:15
  32. Acts 26:17 : [Rom. 11:13; 1 Tim. 2:7]
  33. Acts 26:18 : Isa. 35:5; 42:7
  34. Acts 26:18 : See Luke 22:53; 1 Cor. 5:5
  35. Acts 26:18 : See ch. 5:31
  36. Acts 26:18 : See ch. 20:32
  37. Acts 26:18 : [ch. 15:9; 2 Thess. 2:13]
  38. Acts 26:19 : ver. 13
  39. Acts 26:20 : ch. 9:19, 20
  40. Acts 26:20 : ch. 9:26-29; 22:17-20
  41. Acts 26:20 : See ch. 13:46
  42. Acts 26:20 : See ch. 2:38
  43. Acts 26:20 : See ch. 14:15
  44. Acts 26:20 : Matt. 3:8; Luke 3:8
  45. Acts 26:21 : ch. 21:27, 30, 31; 24:18
  46. Acts 26:22 : 2 Cor. 1:10; [Heb. 13:5, 6]
  47. Acts 26:22 : [Eph. 6:13]
  48. Acts 26:22 : See ch. 10:43; 24:14
  49. Acts 26:23 : [Luke 24:26; Heb. 2:10]; See ch. 3:18
  50. Acts 26:23 : [John 12:34]
  51. Acts 26:23 : 1 Cor. 15:20, 23; Col. 1:18; Rev. 1:5
  52. Acts 26:23 : Rom. 1:4
  53. Acts 26:23 : [Eph. 2:17]
  54. Acts 26:23 : ver. 18; See Luke 2:32
  55. Acts 26:24 : ch. 12:15; [ver. 8; ch. 17:32; 2 Kgs. 9:11; Jer. 29:26; Mark 3:21; John 10:20; 1 Cor. 1:23; 2:14; 4:10]
  56. Acts 26:25 : See ch. 24:2
  57. Acts 26:25 : [2 Pet. 1:16]
  58. Acts 26:25 : [2 Cor. 5:13]
  59. Acts 26:26 : [ver. 3]
  60. Acts 26:28 : ch. 11:26; 1 Pet. 4:16
  61. Acts 26:29 : [1 Cor. 7:7]
  62. Acts 26:29 : See ch. 21:33
  63. Acts 26:30 : See ch. 23:24
  64. Acts 26:31 : See ch. 23:29
  65. Acts 26:32 : ch. 28:18
  66. Acts 26:32 : ch. 25:11; 28:19
  67. Acts 26:32 : See ch. 9:15
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 6

O Lord, Deliver My Life

To the choirmaster: with stringed instruments; according to (A)The Sheminith.[a] A Psalm of David.

O Lord, (B)rebuke me not in your anger,
nor (C)discipline me in your wrath.
Be gracious to me, O Lord, for I am languishing;
(D)heal me, O Lord, (E)for my bones are troubled.
My (F)soul also is greatly troubled.
But you, O Lord(G)how long?

Turn, O Lord, deliver my life;
save me for the sake of your steadfast love.
For in (H)death there is no remembrance of you;
in Sheol who will give you praise?

I am (I)weary with my (J)moaning;
every night I flood my bed with tears;
I drench my couch with my weeping.
My (K)eye wastes away because of grief;
it grows weak because of all my foes.

(L)Depart from me, all you (M)workers of evil,
for the Lord (N)has heard the sound of my weeping.
The Lord has heard my (O)plea;
the Lord accepts my prayer.
10 All my enemies shall be ashamed and greatly troubled;
they shall (P)turn back and be put to shame in a moment.


  1. Psalm 6:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 18:20-21

20 (A)From the fruit of a man's mouth his stomach is satisfied;
he is satisfied by the yield of his lips.
21 (B)Death and life are in the power of the tongue,
and those who love it will eat its fruits.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday July 7, 2020 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 4:5-5:17

(A)Ashhur, the father of Tekoa, had two wives, Helah and Naarah; Naarah bore him Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah. The sons of Helah: Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan. Koz fathered Anub, Zobebah, and the clans of Aharhel, the son of Harum. Jabez was (B)more honorable than his brothers; and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, “Because I bore him in pain.”[a] 10 Jabez called upon the God of Israel, saying, “Oh that you would bless me and enlarge my border, and that your hand might be with me, and that you would keep me from harm[b] so that it might not bring me pain!” And God granted what he asked. 11 Chelub, the brother of Shuhah, fathered Mehir, who fathered Eshton. 12 Eshton fathered Beth-rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah, the father of Ir-nahash. These are the men of Recah. 13 The sons of (C)Kenaz: (D)Othniel and Seraiah; and the sons of Othniel: Hathath and Meonothai.[c] 14 Meonothai fathered Ophrah; and Seraiah fathered Joab, the father of Ge-harashim,[d] so-called because they were craftsmen. 15 The sons of (E)Caleb the son of Jephunneh: Iru, Elah, and Naam; and the son[e] of Elah: Kenaz. 16 The sons of Jehallelel: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel. 17 The sons of Ezrah: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. These are the sons of Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered married;[f] and she conceived and bore[g] Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah, the father of Eshtemoa. 18 And his Judahite wife bore (F)Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. 19 The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite. 20 The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon. The sons of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben-zoheth. 21 The sons of (G)Shelah the son of Judah: Er the father of Lecah, Laadah the father of Mareshah, and the clans of the house of linen workers at Beth-ashbea; 22 and Jokim, and the men of Cozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who ruled in Moab and returned to Lehem[h] (now the records[i] are ancient). 23 These were the potters who were inhabitants of Netaim and Gederah. They lived there in the king's service.

Descendants of Simeon

24 (H)The sons of Simeon: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, Shaul; 25 Shallum was his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son. 26 The sons of Mishma: Hammuel his son, Zaccur his son, Shimei his son. 27 Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters; but his brothers did not have many children, (I)nor did all their clan multiply (J)like the men of Judah. 28 (K)They lived in Beersheba, Moladah, Hazar-shual, 29 (L)Bilhah, Ezem, (M)Tolad, 30 (N)Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, 31 Beth-marcaboth, (O)Hazar-susim, (P)Beth-biri, and (Q)Shaaraim. These were their cities until David reigned. 32 And their villages were Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, five cities, 33 along with all their villages that were around these cities as far as (R)Baal. These were their settlements, and they kept a genealogical record.

34 Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah the son of Amaziah, 35 Joel, Jehu the son of Joshibiah, son of Seraiah, son of Asiel, 36 Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, 37 Ziza the son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah— 38 these mentioned by name were princes in their clans, (S)and their fathers' houses increased greatly. 39 They journeyed to the entrance of (T)Gedor, to the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks, 40 where they found rich, good pasture, and the land was very broad, (U)quiet, and peaceful, for the former inhabitants there belonged to Ham. 41 (V)These, registered by name, came in the days of Hezekiah, king of Judah, and destroyed their tents and the Meunites who were found there, and marked them for destruction to this day, (W)and settled in their place, because there was pasture there for their flocks. 42 And some of them, five hundred men of the Simeonites, went to (X)Mount Seir, having as their leaders Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi. 43 And they defeated (Y)the remnant of the Amalekites who had escaped, and they have lived there to this day.

Descendants of Reuben

The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel ((Z)for he was the firstborn, but because (AA)he defiled his father's couch, (AB)his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph the son of Israel, so that he could not be enrolled as the oldest son; (AC)though Judah became strong among his brothers and a (AD)chief came from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph), the (AE)sons of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. The sons of Joel: Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son, Micah his son, Reaiah his son, Baal his son, Beerah his son, whom (AF)Tiglath-pileser[j] king of Assyria carried away into exile; he was a chief of the Reubenites. And his kinsmen by their clans, (AG)when the genealogy of their generations was recorded: the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah, and Bela the son of Azaz, son of (AH)Shema, son of Joel, who lived in (AI)Aroer, as far as (AJ)Nebo and (AK)Baal-meon. He also lived to the east as far as the entrance of the desert this side of the Euphrates, because their livestock had multiplied (AL)in the land of Gilead. 10 And in the days of Saul they waged war against the (AM)Hagrites, who fell into their hand. And they lived in their tents throughout all the region east of Gilead.

Descendants of Gad

11 The sons of Gad lived over against them in the land of Bashan as far as (AN)Salecah: 12 Joel the chief, Shapham the second, Janai, and Shaphat in Bashan. 13 And their kinsmen according to their fathers' houses: Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia and Eber, seven. 14 These were the sons of Abihail the son of Huri, son of Jaroah, son of Gilead, son of Michael, son of Jeshishai, son of Jahdo, son of Buz. 15 Ahi the son of Abdiel, son of Guni, was chief in their fathers' houses, 16 and they lived in Gilead, in Bashan and in its towns, and in all the pasturelands of (AO)Sharon to their limits. 17 All of these were recorded in genealogies in the days of (AP)Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of (AQ)Jeroboam king of Israel.


  1. 1 Chronicles 4:9 Jabez sounds like the Hebrew for pain
  2. 1 Chronicles 4:10 Or evil
  3. 1 Chronicles 4:13 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew lacks Meonothai
  4. 1 Chronicles 4:14 Ge-harashim means valley of craftsmen
  5. 1 Chronicles 4:15 Hebrew sons
  6. 1 Chronicles 4:17 The clause These are… married is transposed from verse 18
  7. 1 Chronicles 4:17 Hebrew lacks and bore
  8. 1 Chronicles 4:22 Vulgate (compare Septuagint); Hebrew and Jashubi-lahem
  9. 1 Chronicles 4:22 Or matters
  10. 1 Chronicles 5:6 Hebrew Tilgath-pilneser; also verse 26

Cross references:

  1. 1 Chronicles 4:5 : ch. 2:24
  2. 1 Chronicles 4:9 : [Gen. 34:19]
  3. 1 Chronicles 4:13 : Josh. 15:17
  4. 1 Chronicles 4:13 : Judg. 1:13; 3:9, 11
  5. 1 Chronicles 4:15 : Num. 13:6
  6. 1 Chronicles 4:18 : [ver. 4]
  7. 1 Chronicles 4:21 : ch. 2:3; Gen. 38:1, 5; 46:12; Num. 26:20
  8. 1 Chronicles 4:24 : Num. 26:12
  9. 1 Chronicles 4:27 : [ver. 38]
  10. 1 Chronicles 4:27 : [Num. 2:4, 13; 26:14, 22]
  11. 1 Chronicles 4:28 : For ver. 28-33, see Josh. 19:2-8
  12. 1 Chronicles 4:29 : [Josh. 19:3]
  13. 1 Chronicles 4:29 : [Josh. 19:4]
  14. 1 Chronicles 4:30 : [See ver. 29 above]; [Josh. 19:4]
  15. 1 Chronicles 4:31 : [Josh. 19:5, 6]
  16. 1 Chronicles 4:31 : [Josh. 19:5, 6]
  17. 1 Chronicles 4:31 : [Josh. 19:5, 6]
  18. 1 Chronicles 4:33 : [Josh. 19:8]
  19. 1 Chronicles 4:38 : [ver. 27]
  20. 1 Chronicles 4:39 : ver. 4, 18
  21. 1 Chronicles 4:40 : [Judg. 18:7, 27]
  22. 1 Chronicles 4:41 : See ver. 34-38
  23. 1 Chronicles 4:41 : [ch. 5:22]
  24. 1 Chronicles 4:42 : Gen. 36:8
  25. 1 Chronicles 4:43 : [1 Sam. 15:8; 30:17]
  26. 1 Chronicles 5:1 : Gen. 29:32; 49:3
  27. 1 Chronicles 5:1 : Gen. 35:22; 49:4
  28. 1 Chronicles 5:1 : See Gen. 48:15-22
  29. 1 Chronicles 5:2 : See Gen. 49:8-10
  30. 1 Chronicles 5:2 : Mic. 5:2; Matt. 2:6
  31. 1 Chronicles 5:3 : Gen. 46:9; Ex. 6:14; Num. 26:5, 6
  32. 1 Chronicles 5:6 : 2 Chr. 28:20
  33. 1 Chronicles 5:7 : ver. 17
  34. 1 Chronicles 5:8 : [ver. 4]
  35. 1 Chronicles 5:8 : Deut. 2:36; Josh. 13:16
  36. 1 Chronicles 5:8 : Num. 32:3
  37. 1 Chronicles 5:8 : Num. 32:38
  38. 1 Chronicles 5:9 : Josh. 22:9
  39. 1 Chronicles 5:10 : ver. 19, 20; ch. 11:38; 27:30
  40. 1 Chronicles 5:11 : Josh. 12:5; 13:11
  41. 1 Chronicles 5:16 : ch. 27:29
  42. 1 Chronicles 5:17 : 2 Kgs. 15:5, 32
  43. 1 Chronicles 5:17 : 2 Kgs. 14:16, 28
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Acts 25

Paul Appeals to Caesar

25 Now three days after Festus had arrived in (A)the province, he went up to Jerusalem from Caesarea. And the chief priests and the principal men of the Jews (B)laid out their case against Paul, and they urged him, asking as a favor against Paul[a] that he summon him to Jerusalem—because (C)they were planning an ambush to kill him on the way. Festus replied that Paul was being kept at Caesarea and that he himself intended to go there shortly. “So,” said he, “let the men of authority among you go down with me, and if there is anything wrong about the man, let them bring charges against him.”

After he stayed among them not more than eight or ten days, he went down to Caesarea. And the next day he took his seat on (D)the tribunal and ordered Paul to be brought. When he had arrived, the Jews who had come down from Jerusalem stood around him, bringing many and serious charges against him (E)that they could not prove. Paul argued in his defense, “Neither (F)against (G)the law of the Jews, nor against the temple, nor (H)against Caesar have I committed any offense.” But Festus, (I)wishing to do the Jews a favor, said to Paul, “Do you wish to go up to Jerusalem and there be tried on these charges before me?” 10 But Paul said, “I am standing before Caesar's (J)tribunal, where I ought to be tried. To the Jews I have done no wrong, as you yourself know very well. 11 If then I am a wrongdoer and have committed anything for which I deserve to die, I do not seek to escape death. But if there is nothing to their charges against me, no one can give me up to them. (K)I appeal to Caesar.” 12 Then Festus, when he had conferred with his council, answered, “To Caesar you have appealed; to Caesar you shall go.”

Paul Before Agrippa and Bernice

13 Now when some days had passed, Agrippa the king and Bernice arrived at Caesarea and greeted Festus. 14 And as they stayed there many days, Festus laid Paul's case before the king, saying, (L)“There is a man left prisoner by Felix, 15 and when I was at Jerusalem, the chief priests and the elders of the Jews laid out their case (M)against him, asking for a sentence of condemnation against him. 16 (N)I answered them that it was not the custom of the Romans to give up anyone (O)before the accused met the accusers face to face and had opportunity to make his defense concerning the charge laid against him. 17 (P)So when they came together here, I made no delay, but on the next day took my seat on (Q)the tribunal and ordered the man to be brought. 18 When the accusers stood up, they brought no charge in his case of such evils as I supposed. 19 Rather they (R)had certain points of dispute with him about their own religion and about (S)a certain Jesus, who was dead, but whom Paul asserted to be alive. 20 Being at a loss how to investigate these questions, I (T)asked whether he wanted to go to Jerusalem and be tried there regarding them. 21 But (U)when Paul had appealed to be kept in custody for the decision of (V)the emperor, I ordered him to be held until I could send him to Caesar.” 22 Then (W)Agrippa said to Festus, “I would like to hear the man myself.” “Tomorrow,” said he, “you will hear him.”

23 So on the next day (X)Agrippa and Bernice came with great pomp, and they entered the audience hall with the military tribunes and the prominent men of the city. Then, at the command of Festus, Paul was brought in. 24 And Festus said, “King Agrippa and all who are present with us, you see this man about whom (Y)the whole Jewish people petitioned me, both in Jerusalem and here, (Z)shouting that he ought not to live any longer. 25 But I found that (AA)he had done nothing deserving death. And (AB)as he himself appealed to (AC)the emperor, I decided to go ahead and send him. 26 But I have nothing definite to write to my lord about him. Therefore I have brought him before you all, and especially before you, King Agrippa, so that, after we have examined him, I may have something to write. 27 For it seems to me unreasonable, in sending a prisoner, not to indicate the charges against him.”


  1. Acts 25:3 Greek him
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 5

Lead Me in Your Righteousness

To the choirmaster: for the flutes. A Psalm of David.

Give ear to my words, O Lord;
consider my (A)groaning.
Give attention to the sound of my cry,
my (B)King and my God,
for (C)to you do I pray.
O Lord, in (D)the morning you hear my voice;
in the morning I prepare a sacrifice for you[a] and (E)watch.

For you are not a God who delights in wickedness;
evil may not dwell with you.
The (F)boastful shall not (G)stand before your eyes;
you (H)hate all evildoers.
You destroy those who speak (I)lies;
the Lord abhors (J)the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.

But I, through the abundance of your steadfast love,
will enter your house.
I will (K)bow down (L)toward your (M)holy temple
in the fear of you.
(N)Lead me, O Lord, in your righteousness
because of my enemies;
(O)make your way straight before me.

For there is no truth in their mouth;
their inmost self is (P)destruction;
(Q)their throat is (R)an open grave;
they (S)flatter with their tongue.
10 (T)Make them bear their guilt, O God;
let them (U)fall by their own counsels;
because of the abundance of their transgressions cast them out,
for they have rebelled against you.

11 But let all who (V)take refuge in you (W)rejoice;
let them ever sing for joy,
and spread your protection over them,
that those who love your name may (X)exult in you.
12 For you (Y)bless the righteous, O Lord;
you (Z)cover him with favor as with (AA)a shield.


  1. Psalm 5:3 Or I direct my prayer to you
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 18:19

19 A brother offended is more unyielding than a strong city,
and quarreling is like the bars of a castle.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday July 6, 2020 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 2:18-4:4

18 (A)Caleb the son of Hezron fathered children by his wife Azubah, and by Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 19 When Azubah died, (B)Caleb married (C)Ephrath, who bore him (D)Hur. 20 Hur fathered Uri, and Uri fathered (E)Bezalel.

21 Afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of (F)Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was sixty years old, and she bore him Segub. 22 And Segub fathered Jair, who had twenty-three cities in the land of Gilead. 23 (G)But Geshur and Aram took from them Havvoth-jair, Kenath, and its villages, sixty towns. All these were descendants of Machir, the father of Gilead. 24 After the death of Hezron, (H)Caleb went in to Ephrathah,[a] the wife of Hezron his father, and she bore him (I)Ashhur, the father of Tekoa.

25 The sons of (J)Jerahmeel, the firstborn of Hezron: Ram, his firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. 26 Jerahmeel also had another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam. 27 The sons of Ram, the firstborn of Jerahmeel: Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. 28 The sons of Onam: Shammai and Jada. The sons of Shammai: Nadab and Abishur. 29 The name of Abishur's wife was Abihail, and she bore him Ahban and Molid. 30 The sons of Nadab: Seled and Appaim; and Seled died childless. 31 The son[b] of Appaim: Ishi. (K)The son of Ishi: Sheshan. The son of Sheshan: Ahlai. 32 The sons of Jada, Shammai's brother: Jether and Jonathan; and Jether died childless. 33 The sons of Jonathan: Peleth and Zaza. These were the descendants of Jerahmeel. 34 Now Sheshan had no sons, only daughters, but Sheshan had an Egyptian slave whose name was Jarha. 35 So Sheshan gave his daughter in marriage to Jarha his slave, and she bore him Attai. 36 Attai fathered Nathan, and Nathan fathered (L)Zabad. 37 (M)Zabad fathered Ephlal, and Ephlal fathered (N)Obed. 38 Obed fathered Jehu, and Jehu fathered Azariah. 39 Azariah fathered Helez, and Helez fathered Eleasah. 40 Eleasah fathered Sismai, and Sismai fathered Shallum. 41 Shallum fathered Jekamiah, and Jekamiah fathered (O)Elishama.

42 The sons of (P)Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel: Mareshah[c] his firstborn, who fathered Ziph. The son[d] of Mareshah: (Q)Hebron.[e] 43 The sons of Hebron: Korah, Tappuah, Rekem and Shema. 44 Shema fathered Raham, the father of Jorkeam; and Rekem fathered Shammai. 45 The son of Shammai: Maon; and Maon fathered Beth-zur. 46 Ephah also, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran fathered Gazez. 47 The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph. 48 Maacah, Caleb's concubine, bore Sheber and Tirhanah. 49 She also bore Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah and the father of Gibea; and the (R)daughter of Caleb was Achsah. 50 These were the descendants of Caleb.

The sons[f] of Hur the firstborn of (S)Ephrathah: Shobal the father of Kiriath-jearim, 51 (T)Salma, the father of Bethlehem, and Hareph the father of Beth-gader. 52 Shobal the father of Kiriath-jearim had other sons: (U)Haroeh, half of the Menuhoth. 53 And the clans of Kiriath-jearim: the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; from these came the (V)Zorathites and the Eshtaolites. 54 The sons of Salma: Bethlehem, the Netophathites, Atroth-beth-joab and half of the Manahathites, the Zorites. 55 The clans also of the scribes who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, the Shimeathites and the Sucathites. These are the (W)Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of (X)the house of Rechab.

Descendants of David

(Y)These are the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelite; the second, (Z)Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelite, the third, Absalom, whose mother was Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; the fourth, Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith; the fifth, Shephatiah, by Abital; the sixth, Ithream, by his wife Eglah; six were born to him in Hebron, (AA)where he reigned for seven years and six months. (AB)And he reigned thirty-three years in Jerusalem. (AC)These were born to him in Jerusalem: (AD)Shimea, Shobab, Nathan and (AE)Solomon, four by (AF)Bath-shua, the daughter of (AG)Ammiel; then Ibhar, (AH)Elishama, Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, (AI)Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. All these were David's sons, besides the sons of the concubines, (AJ)and Tamar was their sister.

10 The son of Solomon was (AK)Rehoboam, (AL)Abijah his son, (AM)Asa his son, (AN)Jehoshaphat his son, 11 (AO)Joram his son, (AP)Ahaziah his son, (AQ)Joash his son, 12 (AR)Amaziah his son, (AS)Azariah his son, (AT)Jotham his son, 13 (AU)Ahaz his son, (AV)Hezekiah his son, (AW)Manasseh his son, 14 (AX)Amon his son, (AY)Josiah his son. 15 The sons of Josiah: (AZ)Johanan the firstborn, the second (BA)Jehoiakim, the third (BB)Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum. 16 The descendants of (BC)Jehoiakim: (BD)Jeconiah his son, (BE)Zedekiah his son; 17 and the sons of Jeconiah, the (BF)captive: (BG)Shealtiel his son, 18 Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama and Nedabiah; 19 and the sons of Pedaiah: (BH)Zerubbabel and Shimei; and the sons of (BI)Zerubbabel: Meshullam and Hananiah, and Shelomith was their sister; 20 and Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-hesed, five. 21 The sons of Hananiah: Pelatiah and Jeshaiah, his son[g] Rephaiah, his son Arnan, his son Obadiah, his son Shecaniah. 22 The son[h] of Shecaniah: (BJ)Shemaiah. And the sons of Shemaiah: (BK)Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat, six. 23 The sons of Neariah: Elioenai, Hizkiah, and Azrikam, three. 24 The sons of Elioenai: Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani, seven.

Descendants of Judah

(BL)The sons of Judah: (BM)Perez, Hezron, (BN)Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. (BO)Reaiah the son of Shobal fathered Jahath, and Jahath fathered Ahumai and Lahad. These were the clans of the (BP)Zorathites. These were the sons[i] of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash; and the name of their sister was Hazzelelponi, and (BQ)Penuel fathered (BR)Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of (BS)Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.


  1. 1 Chronicles 2:24 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew in Caleb Ephrathah
  2. 1 Chronicles 2:31 Hebrew sons; three times in this verse
  3. 1 Chronicles 2:42 Septuagint; Hebrew Mesha
  4. 1 Chronicles 2:42 Hebrew sons
  5. 1 Chronicles 2:42 Hebrew the father of Hebron
  6. 1 Chronicles 2:50 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew son
  7. 1 Chronicles 3:21 Septuagint (compare Syriac, Vulgate); Hebrew sons of; four times in this verse
  8. 1 Chronicles 3:22 Hebrew sons
  9. 1 Chronicles 4:3 Septuagint (compare Vulgate); Hebrew father

Cross references:

  1. 1 Chronicles 2:18 : [ver. 9]
  2. 1 Chronicles 2:19 : [See ver. 18 above]; [ver. 9]
  3. 1 Chronicles 2:19 : [ver. 50]
  4. 1 Chronicles 2:19 : Ex. 17:10, 12; 24:14
  5. 1 Chronicles 2:20 : Ex. 31:2
  6. 1 Chronicles 2:21 : Num. 27:1
  7. 1 Chronicles 2:23 : [Num. 32:41, 42; Deut. 3:14; Josh. 13:30]
  8. 1 Chronicles 2:24 : ver. 19, 50
  9. 1 Chronicles 2:24 : ch. 4:5
  10. 1 Chronicles 2:25 : ver. 9
  11. 1 Chronicles 2:31 : [ver. 34, 35]
  12. 1 Chronicles 2:36 : ch. 11:41
  13. 1 Chronicles 2:37 : [See ver. 36 above]; ch. 11:41
  14. 1 Chronicles 2:37 : [2 Chr. 23:1]
  15. 1 Chronicles 2:41 : 2 Kgs. 25:25
  16. 1 Chronicles 2:42 : ver. 9
  17. 1 Chronicles 2:42 : See Josh. 14:13
  18. 1 Chronicles 2:49 : [Josh. 15:17; Judg. 1:13]
  19. 1 Chronicles 2:50 : ch. 4:4; [ver. 19]
  20. 1 Chronicles 2:51 : [ch. 4:4]
  21. 1 Chronicles 2:52 : [ch. 4:2]
  22. 1 Chronicles 2:53 : ch. 4:2
  23. 1 Chronicles 2:55 : Judg. 1:16
  24. 1 Chronicles 2:55 : 2 Kgs. 10:15; Jer. 35:2
  25. 1 Chronicles 3:1 : For ver. 1-4, see 2 Sam. 3:2-5
  26. 1 Chronicles 3:1 : [2 Sam. 3:3]
  27. 1 Chronicles 3:4 : 2 Sam. 2:11
  28. 1 Chronicles 3:4 : 2 Sam. 5:5
  29. 1 Chronicles 3:5 : For ver. 5-8, see ch. 14:4-7; 2 Sam. 5:14-16
  30. 1 Chronicles 3:5 : [ch. 14:4; 2 Sam. 5:14]
  31. 1 Chronicles 3:5 : 2 Sam. 12:24
  32. 1 Chronicles 3:5 : [2 Sam. 11:3]
  33. 1 Chronicles 3:5 : [2 Sam. 11:3]
  34. 1 Chronicles 3:6 : [ch. 14:5; 2 Sam. 5:15]
  35. 1 Chronicles 3:8 : [ch. 14:7]
  36. 1 Chronicles 3:9 : 2 Sam. 13:1
  37. 1 Chronicles 3:10 : 1 Kgs. 11:43
  38. 1 Chronicles 3:10 : [1 Kgs. 14:31; 15:1]
  39. 1 Chronicles 3:10 : 1 Kgs. 15:8
  40. 1 Chronicles 3:10 : 1 Kgs. 15:24
  41. 1 Chronicles 3:11 : 2 Kgs. 8:16
  42. 1 Chronicles 3:11 : 2 Kgs. 8:24; [2 Chr. 21:17; 22:6]
  43. 1 Chronicles 3:11 : 2 Kgs. 11:2
  44. 1 Chronicles 3:12 : 2 Kgs. 12:21
  45. 1 Chronicles 3:12 : [2 Kgs. 15:30]
  46. 1 Chronicles 3:12 : 2 Kgs. 15:7
  47. 1 Chronicles 3:13 : 2 Kgs. 15:38
  48. 1 Chronicles 3:13 : 2 Kgs. 16:20
  49. 1 Chronicles 3:13 : 2 Kgs. 20:21
  50. 1 Chronicles 3:14 : 2 Kgs. 21:18
  51. 1 Chronicles 3:14 : 2 Kgs. 21:26
  52. 1 Chronicles 3:15 : [2 Kgs. 23:30]
  53. 1 Chronicles 3:15 : [2 Kgs. 23:34]
  54. 1 Chronicles 3:15 : [2 Kgs. 24:17]
  55. 1 Chronicles 3:16 : [Matt. 1:11]
  56. 1 Chronicles 3:16 : [2 Kgs. 24:6; Jer. 22:24]
  57. 1 Chronicles 3:16 : [2 Kgs. 24:17]
  58. 1 Chronicles 3:17 : 2 Kgs. 24:15
  59. 1 Chronicles 3:17 : Ezra 3:2; 5:2; Hag. 1:1, 12, 14; 2:2, 23; Matt. 1:12; Luke 3:27
  60. 1 Chronicles 3:19 : Ezra 2:2; Hag. 1:1, 12, 14; Zech. 4:6
  61. 1 Chronicles 3:19 : Ezra 2:2; Hag. 1:1, 12, 14; Zech. 4:6
  62. 1 Chronicles 3:22 : Neh. 3:29
  63. 1 Chronicles 3:22 : Ezra 8:2
  64. 1 Chronicles 4:1 : [Gen. 46:12]
  65. 1 Chronicles 4:1 : Gen. 38:29
  66. 1 Chronicles 4:1 : ch. 2:7
  67. 1 Chronicles 4:2 : [ch. 2:52]
  68. 1 Chronicles 4:2 : ch. 2:53
  69. 1 Chronicles 4:4 : [ver. 18]
  70. 1 Chronicles 4:4 : ver. 18, 39
  71. 1 Chronicles 4:4 : [Gen. 35:19; ch. 2:50, 51]
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Acts 24

Paul Before Felix at Caesarea

24 And (A)after five days the high priest (B)Ananias came down with some elders and a spokesman, one Tertullus. They laid before (C)the governor their case against Paul. And when he had been summoned, Tertullus began to accuse him, saying:

“Since through you we enjoy much peace, and since by your foresight, (D)most excellent Felix, reforms are being made for this nation, in every way and everywhere we accept this with all gratitude. But, to detain[a] you no further, I beg you in your kindness to hear us briefly. For we have found this man a plague, (E)one who stirs up riots among all the Jews throughout the world and is a ringleader of (F)the sect of the Nazarenes. (G)He even tried to profane the temple, but we seized him.[b] By examining him yourself you will be able to find out from him about everything of which we accuse him.”

The Jews also joined in the charge, affirming that all these things were so.

10 And when the governor had nodded to him to speak, Paul replied:

“Knowing that for many years you have been a judge over this nation, I cheerfully make my defense. 11 You can verify that (H)it is not more than twelve days since I (I)went up (J)to worship in Jerusalem, 12 and (K)they did not find me disputing with anyone or stirring up a crowd, either in the temple or in the synagogues or in the city. 13 (L)Neither can they prove to you what they now bring up against me. 14 But this I confess to you, that according to (M)the Way, which they call (N)a sect, (O)I worship (P)the God of our fathers, believing everything (Q)laid down by the Law and written in the Prophets, 15 (R)having (S)a hope in God, which these men themselves accept, that there will be (T)a resurrection (U)of both the just and the unjust. 16 So I always (V)take pains to have a (W)clear conscience toward both God and man. 17 Now (X)after several years (Y)I came to bring alms to (Z)my nation and to present (AA)offerings. 18 While I was doing this, they found me (AB)purified in the temple, without any crowd or tumult. But (AC)some Jews from Asia— 19 (AD)they ought to be here before you and to make an accusation, should they have anything against me. 20 Or else let these men themselves say what wrongdoing they found when I stood before the council, 21 other than this one thing (AE)that I cried out while standing among them: ‘It is with respect to the resurrection of the dead that I am on trial before you this day.’”

Paul Kept in Custody

22 But Felix, having a rather accurate knowledge of (AF)the Way, put them off, saying, “When Lysias the tribune comes down, I will decide your case.” 23 Then he gave orders to the centurion that he (AG)should be kept in custody but have some liberty, and that (AH)none of his friends should be prevented from attending to his needs.

24 After some days Felix came with his wife Drusilla, who was Jewish, and he sent for Paul and heard him speak about (AI)faith (AJ)in Christ Jesus. 25 And as he reasoned (AK)about righteousness and self-control and the coming judgment, Felix was alarmed and said, “Go away for the present. (AL)When I get an opportunity I will summon you.” 26 At the same time he hoped (AM)that money would be given him by Paul. So he sent for him often and conversed with him. 27 When two years had elapsed, Felix was succeeded by Porcius (AN)Festus. And (AO)desiring to do the Jews a favor, (AP)Felix left Paul in prison.


  1. Acts 24:4 Or weary
  2. Acts 24:6 Some manuscripts add and we would have judged him according to our law. 7But the chief captain Lysias came and with great violence took him out of our hands, 8commanding his accusers to come before you.
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 4

Answer Me When I Call

To the (A)choirmaster: with (B)stringed instruments. A Psalm of David.

Answer me when I call, O God of my (C)righteousness!
You have (D)given me relief when I was in distress.
Be gracious to me and hear my prayer!

O men,[a] how long shall my honor be turned into shame?
How long will you love vain words and seek after (E)lies? Selah
But know that the Lord has (F)set apart (G)the godly for himself;
the Lord hears when I call to him.

(H)Be angry,[b] and do not sin;
(I)ponder in your own hearts (J)on your beds, and be silent. Selah
Offer (K)right sacrifices,
and put your (L)trust in the Lord.

There are many who say, “Who will show us some good?
(M)Lift up (N)the light of your face upon us, O Lord!”
You have put (O)more joy in my heart
than they have when their grain and wine abound.

In peace I will both (P)lie down and sleep;
for you alone, O Lord, make me (Q)dwell in safety.


  1. Psalm 4:2 Or O men of rank
  2. Psalm 4:4 Or Be agitated
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 18:16-18

16 A man's (A)gift makes room for him
and brings him before the great.
17 The one who states his case first seems right,
until the other comes and examines him.
18 (B)The lot puts an end to quarrels
and decides between powerful contenders.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday July 5, 2020 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 1:1-2:17

From Adam to Abraham

[a] (A)Adam, Seth, Enosh; (B)Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared; Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech; Noah, (C)Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

(D)The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath,[b] and Togarmah. The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.

(E)The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan. The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 10 Cush fathered Nimrod. He was the first on earth to be a mighty man.[c]

11 (F)Egypt fathered Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 12 Pathrusim, Casluhim (from whom the Philistines came), and Caphtorim.

13 Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 14 and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 15 the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 16 the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.

17 (G)The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram. And the sons of Aram:[d] Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech. 18 Arpachshad fathered Shelah, and Shelah fathered Eber. 19 To Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg[e] (for in his days the earth was divided), and his brother's name was Joktan. 20 Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 21 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 22 Obal,[f] Abimael, Sheba, 23 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.

24 (H)Shem, Arpachshad, Shelah; 25 Eber, Peleg, Reu; 26 Serug, Nahor, Terah; 27 Abram, that is, Abraham.

From Abraham to Jacob

28 The sons of Abraham: (I)Isaac and (J)Ishmael. 29 (K)These are their genealogies: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth, and Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 30 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, 31 Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael. 32 (L)The sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: she bore Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. The sons of Jokshan: Sheba and Dedan. 33 The sons of Midian: Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the descendants of Keturah.

34 Abraham fathered (M)Isaac. The sons of Isaac: (N)Esau and (O)Israel. 35 (P)The sons of Esau: Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. 36 The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, Kenaz, and of Timna,[g] Amalek. 37 The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

38 (Q)The sons of Seir: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. 39 The sons of Lotan: Hori and Hemam;[h] and Lotan's sister was Timna. 40 The sons of Shobal: Alvan,[i] Manahath, Ebal, Shepho,[j] and Onam. The sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. 41 The son[k] of Anah: Dishon. The sons of Dishon: Hemdan,[l] Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. 42 The sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.[m] The sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.

43 (R)These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the people of Israel: Bela the son of Beor, the name of his city being Dinhabah. 44 Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of (S)Bozrah reigned in his place. 45 Jobab died, and Husham of the land of the (T)Temanites reigned in his place. 46 Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, reigned in his place, the name of his city being Avith. 47 Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place. 48 Samlah died, and Shaul of Rehoboth on the Euphrates[n] reigned in his place. 49 Shaul died, and Baal-hanan, the son of Achbor, reigned in his place. 50 Baal-hanan died, and Hadad reigned in his place, the name of his city being Pai; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. 51 And Hadad died.

The chiefs of Edom were: chiefs Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 52 Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 53 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 54 Magdiel, and Iram; these are the chiefs of Edom.

A Genealogy of David

These are the sons of (U)Israel: (V)Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, (W)Issachar, Zebulun, (X)Dan, (Y)Joseph, (Z)Benjamin, (AA)Naphtali, (AB)Gad, and Asher. (AC)The sons of Judah: (AD)Er, Onan and Shelah; these three Bath-shua the Canaanite bore to him. Now Er, Judah's firstborn, was evil in the sight of the Lord, and he put him to death. His daughter-in-law (AE)Tamar also bore him Perez and Zerah. Judah had five sons in all.

The (AF)sons of Perez: Hezron and Hamul. The sons of Zerah: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara, five in all. The son[o] of Carmi: Achan, the troubler of Israel, who (AG)broke faith in the matter of the devoted thing; and Ethan's son was Azariah.

The sons of Hezron that were born to him: Jerahmeel, (AH)Ram, and (AI)Chelubai. 10 (AJ)Ram fathered Amminadab, and (AK)Amminadab fathered (AL)Nahshon, prince of the sons of Judah. 11 Nahshon fathered (AM)Salmon,[p] Salmon fathered (AN)Boaz, 12 Boaz fathered Obed, (AO)Obed fathered Jesse. 13 (AP)Jesse fathered Eliab his firstborn, Abinadab the second, (AQ)Shimea the third, 14 Nethanel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, 15 Ozem the sixth, (AR)David the seventh. 16 And their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. (AS)The sons of Zeruiah: Abishai, Joab, and Asahel, three. 17 (AT)Abigail bore Amasa, and the father of Amasa was (AU)Jether the Ishmaelite.


  1. 1 Chronicles 1:1 Many names in these genealogies are spelled differently in other biblical books
  2. 1 Chronicles 1:6 Septuagint; Hebrew Diphath
  3. 1 Chronicles 1:10 Or He began to be a mighty man on the earth
  4. 1 Chronicles 1:17 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks And the sons of Aram
  5. 1 Chronicles 1:19 Peleg means division
  6. 1 Chronicles 1:22 Septuagint, Syriac (compare Genesis 10:28); Hebrew Ebal
  7. 1 Chronicles 1:36 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:12); Hebrew lacks and of
  8. 1 Chronicles 1:39 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:22); Hebrew Homam
  9. 1 Chronicles 1:40 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:23); Hebrew Alian
  10. 1 Chronicles 1:40 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:23); Hebrew Shephi
  11. 1 Chronicles 1:41 Hebrew sons
  12. 1 Chronicles 1:41 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:26); Hebrew Hamran
  13. 1 Chronicles 1:42 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:27); Hebrew Jaakan
  14. 1 Chronicles 1:48 Hebrew the River
  15. 1 Chronicles 2:7 Hebrew sons
  16. 1 Chronicles 2:11 Septuagint (compare Ruth 4:21); Hebrew Salma

Cross references:

  1. 1 Chronicles 1:1 : Gen. 4:25, 26; 5:3, 6
  2. 1 Chronicles 1:2 : For ver. 2-4, see Gen. 5:9-32
  3. 1 Chronicles 1:4 : Gen. 6:10; 9:18
  4. 1 Chronicles 1:5 : For ver. 5-7, see Gen. 10:2-4
  5. 1 Chronicles 1:8 : For ver. 8-10, see Gen. 10:6-8
  6. 1 Chronicles 1:11 : For ver. 11-16, see Gen. 10:10-18
  7. 1 Chronicles 1:17 : For ver. 17-23, see Gen. 10:22-29
  8. 1 Chronicles 1:24 : For ver. 24, 27, see Gen. 11:10-26; Luke 3:34-36
  9. 1 Chronicles 1:28 : Gen. 21:2, 3
  10. 1 Chronicles 1:28 : Gen. 16:11, 15
  11. 1 Chronicles 1:29 : For ver. 29-31, see Gen. 25:13-16
  12. 1 Chronicles 1:32 : For ver. 32, 33, see Gen. 25:1-4
  13. 1 Chronicles 1:34 : [See ver. 28 above]; Gen. 21:2, 3
  14. 1 Chronicles 1:34 : Gen. 25:25, 26
  15. 1 Chronicles 1:34 : Gen. 32:28
  16. 1 Chronicles 1:35 : For ver. 35-37, see Gen. 36:4, 5, 9-13
  17. 1 Chronicles 1:38 : For ver. 38-42, see Gen. 36:20-28
  18. 1 Chronicles 1:43 : For ver. 43-54, see Gen. 36:31-43
  19. 1 Chronicles 1:44 : Isa. 34:6; 63:1
  20. 1 Chronicles 1:45 : Gen. 36:11; Job 2:11; Jer. 49:7, 20; Ezek. 25:13
  21. 1 Chronicles 2:1 : ch. 1:34
  22. 1 Chronicles 2:1 : Gen. 29:32-35
  23. 1 Chronicles 2:1 : Gen. 30:18-20
  24. 1 Chronicles 2:2 : Gen. 30:6
  25. 1 Chronicles 2:2 : Gen. 30:22-24
  26. 1 Chronicles 2:2 : Gen. 35:18
  27. 1 Chronicles 2:2 : Gen. 30:8
  28. 1 Chronicles 2:2 : Gen. 30:10-13
  29. 1 Chronicles 2:3 : Gen. 38:2-5; 46:12
  30. 1 Chronicles 2:3 : Gen. 38:7
  31. 1 Chronicles 2:4 : Gen. 38:11, 14, 29, 30; Ruth 4:12; Matt. 1:3
  32. 1 Chronicles 2:5 : Gen. 46:12; Ruth 4:18
  33. 1 Chronicles 2:7 : Josh. 6:18; 7:1
  34. 1 Chronicles 2:9 : Ruth 4:19; Matt. 1:3, 4
  35. 1 Chronicles 2:9 : [ver. 13, 42]
  36. 1 Chronicles 2:10 : [See ver. 9 above]; Ruth 4:19; Matt. 1:3, 4
  37. 1 Chronicles 2:10 : Ruth 4:19; Matt. 1:4
  38. 1 Chronicles 2:10 : Num. 1:7; 2:3
  39. 1 Chronicles 2:11 : [Ruth 4:20, 21; Matt. 1:4]
  40. 1 Chronicles 2:11 : Ruth 4:21, 22; Matt. 1:5, 6
  41. 1 Chronicles 2:12 : [See ver. 11 above]; Ruth 4:21, 22; Matt. 1:5, 6
  42. 1 Chronicles 2:13 : 1 Sam. 16:6, 8; 17:13
  43. 1 Chronicles 2:13 : [1 Sam. 16:9; 17:13]
  44. 1 Chronicles 2:15 : [1 Sam. 16:10; 17:12, 14]
  45. 1 Chronicles 2:16 : 2 Sam. 2:18
  46. 1 Chronicles 2:17 : [2 Sam. 17:25]
  47. 1 Chronicles 2:17 : [2 Sam. 17:25]
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Acts 23:11-35

11 (A)The following night (B)the Lord stood by him and said, (C)“Take courage, for (D)as you have testified to the facts about me in Jerusalem, so you must (E)testify also in Rome.”

A Plot to Kill Paul

12 When it was day, (F)the Jews made a plot and (G)bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. 13 There were more than forty who made this conspiracy. 14 They went to the chief priests and elders and said, “We have strictly bound ourselves by an oath to taste no food till we have killed Paul. 15 Now therefore you, along with the council, give notice to the tribune to bring him down to you, as though you were going to determine his case more exactly. And we are ready to kill him before he comes near.”

16 Now the son of Paul's sister heard of their ambush, so he went and entered (H)the barracks and told Paul. 17 Paul called one of the centurions and said, “Take this young man to the tribune, for he has something to tell him.” 18 So he took him and brought him to the tribune and said, “Paul (I)the prisoner called me and asked me to bring this young man to you, as he has something to say to you.” 19 The tribune took him by the hand, and going aside asked him privately, “What is it that you have to tell me?” 20 And he said, (J)“The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the council tomorrow, as though they were going to inquire somewhat more closely about him. 21 But do not be persuaded by them, for more than forty of their men are lying in ambush for him, who (K)have bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they have killed him. And now they are ready, waiting for your consent.” 22 So the tribune dismissed the young man, charging him, “Tell no one that you have informed me of these things.”

Paul Sent to Felix the Governor

23 Then he called two of the centurions and said, “Get ready two hundred soldiers, with seventy horsemen and two hundred spearmen to go as far as Caesarea at the third hour of the night.[a] 24 Also provide mounts for Paul to ride and bring him safely to (L)Felix (M)the governor.” 25 And he wrote a letter to this effect:

26 “Claudius Lysias, to (N)his Excellency the governor Felix, (O)greetings. 27 (P)This man was seized by the Jews and (Q)was about to be killed by them (R)when I came upon them with the soldiers and rescued him, (S)having learned that he was a Roman citizen. 28 And (T)desiring to know the charge for which they were accusing him, I brought him down to their council. 29 I found that he was being accused (U)about questions of their law, but (V)charged with nothing deserving death or imprisonment. 30 (W)And when it was disclosed to me (X)that there would be a plot against the man, I sent him to you at once, (Y)ordering his accusers also to state before you what they have against him.”

31 So the soldiers, according to their instructions, took Paul and brought him by night to Antipatris. 32 And on the next day they returned to (Z)the barracks, letting the horsemen go on with him. 33 When they had come to Caesarea and delivered the letter to the governor, they presented Paul also before him. 34 On reading the letter, he asked what (AA)province he was from. And when he learned (AB)that he was from Cilicia, 35 he said, “I will give you a hearing (AC)when your accusers arrive.” And he commanded him to be guarded in Herod's (AD)praetorium.


  1. Acts 23:23 That is, 9 p.m.
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 3

Save Me, O My God

A Psalm of David, (A)when he fled from Absalom his son.

O Lord, (B)how many are my foes!
Many are (C)rising against me;
many are saying of my soul,
(D)“There is no salvation for him in God.” Selah[a]

But you, O Lord, are (E)a shield (F)about me,
my glory, and (G)the lifter of my head.
I (H)cried aloud to the Lord,
and he (I)answered me from his (J)holy hill. Selah

I (K)lay down and slept;
I woke again, for the Lord sustained me.
I (L)will not be afraid of many thousands of people
who have (M)set themselves against me all around.

(N)Arise, O Lord!
Save me, O my God!
For you (O)strike all my enemies on the cheek;
you (P)break the teeth of the wicked.

(Q)Salvation belongs to the Lord;
your blessing be on your people! Selah


  1. Psalm 3:2 The meaning of the Hebrew word Selah, used frequently in the Psalms, is uncertain. It may be a musical or liturgical direction
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 18:14-15

14 A man's spirit will endure sickness,
but (A)a crushed spirit who can bear?
15 An intelligent heart acquires knowledge,
and the ear of the wise seeks knowledge.

Cross references:

  1. Proverbs 18:14 : ch. 15:13
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday July 4, 2020 (NIV)

2 Kings 23:31-25:30

Judah’s King Jehoahaz

31 Jehoahaz(A) was(B) twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Hamutal(C) daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah. 32 He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight just as his ancestors had done.(D) 33 Pharaoh Neco imprisoned him at Riblah(E) in the land of Hamath(F) to keep him from reigning in Jerusalem, and he imposed on the land a fine of seventy-five hundred pounds[a] of silver and seventy-five pounds[b] of gold.

Judah’s King Jehoiakim

34 Then(G) Pharaoh Neco made Eliakim(H) son of Josiah king in place of his father Josiah and changed Eliakim’s name to Jehoiakim.(I) But Neco took Jehoahaz and went to Egypt, and he died there.(J) 35 So Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh, but at Pharaoh’s command he taxed the land to give it. He exacted the silver and the gold from the common people, each according to his assessment,(K) to give it to Pharaoh Neco.

36 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Zebidah daughter of Pedaiah; she was from Rumah. 37 He did what was evil(L) in the Lord’s sight just as his ancestors had done.

Jehoiakim’s Rebellion and Death

24 During(M) Jehoiakim’s reign,(N) King Nebuchadnezzar(O) of Babylon(P) attacked.(Q) Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years, and then he turned and rebelled against him. The Lord sent Chaldean, Aramean,(R) Moabite,(S) and Ammonite raiders against Jehoiakim. He sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the Lord he had spoken through his servants the prophets.(T) Indeed, this happened to Judah at the Lord’s command to remove them from his presence.(U) It was because of the sins of Manasseh, according to all he had done,(V) and also because of all the innocent blood he had shed. He had filled Jerusalem with innocent blood,(W) and the Lord was not willing to forgive.

The rest of the events of Jehoiakim’s reign, along with all his accomplishments, are written in the Historical Record of Judah’s Kings.(X) Jehoiakim rested with his ancestors, and his son Jehoiachin became king in his place.(Y)

Now the king of Egypt did not march out of his land again,(Z) for the king of Babylon took everything that had belonged to the king of Egypt,(AA) from the Brook of Egypt to the Euphrates River.(AB)

Judah’s King Jehoiachin

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Nehushta daughter of Elnathan; she was from Jerusalem.(AC) He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight just as his father had done.

Deportations to Babylon

10 At that time(AD) the servants of King Nebuchadnezzar(AE) of Babylon marched up to Jerusalem, and the city came under siege. 11 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came to the city while his servants were besieging it. 12 King Jehoiachin of Judah, along with his mother, his servants, his commanders, and his officials,[c] surrendered to the king of Babylon.(AF)

So the king of Babylon took him captive in the eighth year of his reign. 13 He also carried off from there all the treasures of the Lord’s temple and the treasures of the king’s palace, and he cut into pieces all the gold articles that King Solomon of Israel had made(AG) for the Lord’s sanctuary, just as the Lord had predicted.(AH) 14 He deported all Jerusalem and all the commanders and all the best soldiers(AI)—ten thousand captives(AJ) including all the craftsmen and metalsmiths.(AK) Except for the poorest people of the land,(AL) no one remained.

15 Nebuchadnezzar deported Jehoiachin to Babylon. He took the king’s mother, the king’s wives, his officials, and the leading men of the land into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon.(AM) 16 The king of Babylon brought captive into Babylon all seven thousand of the best soldiers and one thousand craftsmen and metalsmiths—all strong and fit for war. 17 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s[d] uncle, king in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah.(AN)

Judah’s King Zedekiah

18 Zedekiah(AO) was twenty-one years old when he became king,(AP) and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Hamutal(AQ) daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah. 19 Zedekiah did what was evil in the Lord’s sight just as Jehoiakim had done.(AR) 20 Because of the Lord’s anger,(AS) it came to the point in Jerusalem and Judah that he finally banished them from his presence.(AT) Then Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.(AU)

Nebuchadnezzar’s Siege of Jerusalem

25 In the ninth year(AV) of Zedekiah’s reign,(AW) on the tenth day of the tenth month, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon advanced against Jerusalem with his entire army.(AX) They laid siege to the city and built a siege wall against it all around.(AY) The city was under siege until King Zedekiah’s eleventh year.

By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that the common people had no food.(AZ) Then the city was broken into,(BA) and all the warriors fled(BB) at night by way of the city gate between the two walls near the king’s garden,(BC) even though the Chaldeans surrounded the city. As the king made his way along the route to the Arabah,(BD) the Chaldean army pursued him and overtook him in the plains of Jericho. Zedekiah’s entire army left him and scattered.(BE) The Chaldeans seized the king(BF) and brought him up to the king of Babylon(BG) at Riblah,(BH) and they passed sentence on him. They slaughtered Zedekiah’s sons before his eyes. Finally, the king of Babylon blinded Zedekiah, bound him in bronze chains, and took him to Babylon.(BI)

Jerusalem Destroyed

On(BJ) the seventh day of the fifth month—which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon—Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guards, a servant of the king of Babylon, entered Jerusalem.(BK) He burned the Lord’s temple,(BL) the king’s palace,(BM) and all the houses of Jerusalem; he burned down(BN) all the great houses. 10 The whole Chaldean army with the captain of the guards tore down the walls(BO) surrounding Jerusalem. 11 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guards, deported the rest of the people who remained in the city, the deserters who had defected to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the population.(BP) 12 But the captain of the guards left some of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and farmers.(BQ)

13 Now(BR) the Chaldeans broke into pieces the bronze pillars(BS) of the Lord’s temple, the water carts, and the bronze basin,[e](BT) which were in the Lord’s temple, and carried the bronze to Babylon.(BU) 14 They also took the pots, shovels, wick trimmers, dishes, and all the bronze articles used in the priests’ service.(BV) 15 The captain of the guards took away the firepans and sprinkling basins—whatever was gold or silver.(BW)

16 As for the two pillars, the one basin, and the water carts that Solomon had made for the Lord’s temple, the weight of the bronze of all these articles was beyond measure.(BX) 17 One pillar was twenty-seven feet[f] tall and had a bronze capital on top of it. The capital, encircled by a grating and pomegranates of bronze, stood five feet[g] high. The second pillar was the same, with its own grating.(BY)

18 The captain of the guards(BZ) also took away Seraiah(CA) the chief priest, Zephaniah(CB) the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers. 19 From the city he took a court official[h] who had been appointed over the warriors; five trusted royal aides[i](CC) found in the city; the secretary of the commander of the army, who enlisted the people of the land for military duty; and sixty men from the common people[j] who were found within the city. 20 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guards, took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah.(CD) 21 The king of Babylon put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah went into exile from its land.(CE)

Gedaliah Made Governor

22 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon appointed Gedaliah(CF) son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, over the rest of the people he left in the land of Judah.(CG) 23 When all the commanders of the armies—they and their men—heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah.(CH) The commanders included Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah son of the Maacathite—they and their men.(CI) 24 Gedaliah swore an oath to them and their men, assuring them, “Don’t be afraid of the servants of the Chaldeans. Live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well for you.”(CJ)

25 In the seventh month, however, Ishmael son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, of the royal family, came with ten men and struck down Gedaliah, and he died. Also, they killed the Judeans and the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah.(CK) 26 Then all the people, from the youngest to the oldest, and the commanders of the army, left and went to Egypt, for they were afraid of the Chaldeans.(CL)

Jehoiachin Pardoned

27 On(CM) the twenty-seventh day of the twelfth month of the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Judah’s King Jehoiachin, in the year Evil-merodach became king of Babylon, he pardoned King Jehoiachin(CN) of Judah and released him[k] from prison.(CO) 28 He spoke kindly(CP) to him and set his throne over the thrones of the kings who were with him in Babylon.(CQ) 29 So Jehoiachin changed his prison clothes, and he dined regularly in the presence of the king of Babylon for the rest of his life.(CR) 30 As for his allowance, a regular allowance(CS) was given to him by the king, a portion for each day, for the rest of his life.


  1. 23:33 Lit 100 talents
  2. 23:33 Lit one talent
  3. 24:12 Or eunuchs
  4. 24:17 Lit his
  5. 25:13 Lit sea
  6. 25:17 Lit 18 cubits
  7. 25:17 Lit three cubits
  8. 25:19 Or eunuch
  9. 25:19 Lit five men who look on the king’s face
  10. 25:19 Lit the people of the land
  11. 25:27 and released him supplied for clarity

Cross references:

  1. 23:31 : 1Ch 3:15; Jr 22:11
  2. 23:31–33 : 2Ch 36:2–3
  3. 23:31 : 2Kg 24:18
  4. 23:32 : 2Kg 21:2–7
  5. 23:33 : 2Kg 25:6
  6. 23:33 : 1Kg 8:65
  7. 23:34–37 : 2Ch 36:4–5
  8. 23:34 : 1Ch 3:15
  9. 23:34 : 2Kg 24:17; 2Ch 36:4
  10. 23:34 : Jr 22:11–12; Ezk 19:3–4
  11. 23:35 : Ex 30:12–16; Lv 27:2–8
  12. 23:37 : Jr 22:13–19; 36:1–26
  13. 24:1–6 : 2Ch 36:6–8
  14. 24:1 : 2Kg 23:26–27
  15. 24:1 : 2Kg 24:10–11; Dn 1:1
  16. 24:1 : 2Kg 20:14
  17. 24:1 : Jr 35:11
  18. 24:2 : 2Kg 6:23
  19. 24:2 : 2Kg 13:20
  20. 24:2 : 2Kg 23:27
  21. 24:3 : 2Kg 18:25
  22. 24:3 : 2Kg 23:26
  23. 24:4 : 2Kg 21:16
  24. 24:5 : 2Kg 23:28
  25. 24:5–6 : Jr 22:18–19
  26. 24:7 : Jr 37:5–7
  27. 24:7 : Jr 46:2
  28. 24:7 : Gn 15:18; 1Kg 4:21; Is 27:12
  29. 24:8–9 : 2Ch 36:9; Jr 22:24–30
  30. 24:10–17 : 2Ch 36:10
  31. 24:10 : 2Kg 24:1; Dn 1:1
  32. 24:12 : 2Kg 25:27; Jr 22:24–30
  33. 24:13 : 1Kg 7:48–50
  34. 24:13 : 2Kg 20:16–18; Is 39:5–7
  35. 24:14 : Jr 24:1
  36. 24:14 : Jr 52:28
  37. 24:14 : Jr 24:1; 29:2
  38. 24:14 : 2Kg 25:12
  39. 24:15 : 2Ch 36:10; Jr 22:24–28
  40. 24:17 : 1Ch 3:15; 2Ch 36:11; Jr 1:3
  41. 24:18 : Jr 27:1; 28:1
  42. 24:18–20 : 2Ch 36:11–12; Jr 52:1–3
  43. 24:18 : 2Kg 23:31
  44. 24:19 : 2Kg 23:37
  45. 24:20 : Dt 4:26; 29:27; 2Kg 23:26
  46. 24:20 : 2Kg 13:23
  47. 24:20 : 2Ch 36:13; Ezk 17:15
  48. 25:1 : Jr 32:1
  49. 25:1–7 : Jr 39:1–7; 52:4–11
  50. 25:1 : Jr 21:2; 34:1–2; Ezk 24:2
  51. 25:1 : Ezk 21:22
  52. 25:3 : 2Kg 6:24–25; Lm 4:9–10
  53. 25:4 : Jr 39:2
  54. 25:4 : Ezk 33:21
  55. 25:4 : Neh 3:15
  56. 25:4 : Dt 2:8
  57. 25:5 : Lv 26:36; Ezk 12:14; 17:21
  58. 25:6 : Jr 34:21–22
  59. 25:6 : Jr 32:4
  60. 25:6 : Nm 34:11; 2Kg 23:33; Jr 52:9
  61. 25:7 : Jr 39:6–7; Ezk 12:13
  62. 25:8–12 : Jr 39:8–10; 52:12–16
  63. 25:8 : 2Kg 24:12; Jr 39:9; 52:12
  64. 25:9 : 1Kg 9:8; 2Ch 36:19
  65. 25:9 : Jr 39:8; Am 2:5
  66. 25:9 : Jr 17:27
  67. 25:10 : 2Kg 24:13; Neh 1:3; Jr 50:15
  68. 25:11 : 2Ch 36:20; Jr 5:19; 39:1–9
  69. 25:12 : 2Kg 24:14; Jr 39:10; 40:7
  70. 25:13–21 : Jr 52:17–27
  71. 25:13 : 2Kg 20:17; 2Ch 36:18; Jr 52:17
  72. 25:13 : 1Kg 7:23; 2Ch 4:2–4
  73. 25:13 : Jr 27:19–22
  74. 25:14 : Ex 27:3; 1Kg 7:47–50; 2Ch 4:16
  75. 25:15 : 2Kg 24:13; Jr 15:13; 20:5
  76. 25:16 : 1Kg 7:47
  77. 25:17 : 1Kg 7:15–22
  78. 25:18 : Jr 39:9–13; 52:12–16,24
  79. 25:18 : 1Ch 6:14; Ezr 7:1
  80. 25:18 : Jr 21:1; 29:25,29
  81. 25:19 : Jr 52:25
  82. 25:20 : 2Kg 23:33
  83. 25:21 : Dt 28:63–64; 2Kg 23:27
  84. 25:22 : Jr 39:14; 40:7–9
  85. 25:22 : Is 1:9; Jr 40:5
  86. 25:23 : Jos 18:26
  87. 25:23 : Jr 40:7–8
  88. 25:24 : Jr 40:9
  89. 25:25 : Jr 41:1–2
  90. 25:26 : Is 30:2; Jr 43:4–7
  91. 25:27–30 : Jr 52:31–34
  92. 25:27 : 2Kg 24:12
  93. 25:27 : Gn 40:13,20
  94. 25:28 : 1Kg 8:50
  95. 25:28 : Ezr 5:5; 7:6,28
  96. 25:29 : 2Sm 9:7
  97. 25:30 : Gn 43:34; Neh 12:47
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Acts 22:17-23:10

17 “After I returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, I fell into a trance(A) 18 and saw him telling me, ‘Hurry and get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about me.’

19 “But I said, ‘Lord, they know that in synagogue after synagogue I had those who believed in you imprisoned and beaten.(B) 20 And when the blood of your witness Stephen was being shed, I stood there giving approval[a] and guarding the clothes of those who killed him.’(C)

21 “He said to me, ‘Go, because I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’(D)

Paul’s Roman Protection

22 They listened to him up to this point. Then they raised their voices, shouting, “Wipe this man off the face of the earth! He should not be allowed to live!” (E)

23 As they were yelling and flinging aside their garments and throwing dust into the air,(F) 24 the commander ordered him to be brought into the barracks, directing that he be interrogated with the scourge to discover the reason they were shouting against him like this. 25 As they stretched him out for the lash, Paul said to the centurion standing by, “Is it legal for you to scourge a man who is a Roman citizen and is uncondemned?” (G)

26 When the centurion heard this, he went and reported to the commander, saying, “What are you going to do? For this man is a Roman citizen.”

27 The commander came and said to him, “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?”

“Yes,” he said.

28 The commander replied, “I bought this citizenship for a large amount of money.”

“But I was born a citizen,” Paul said.

29 So those who were about to examine him withdrew from him immediately. The commander too was alarmed when he realized Paul was a Roman citizen and he had bound him.(H)

Paul before the Sanhedrin

30 The next day, since he wanted to find out exactly why Paul was being accused by the Jews, he released him[b] and instructed the chief priests and all the Sanhedrin to convene.(I) He brought Paul down and placed him before them.

23 Paul looked straight at the Sanhedrin and said, “Brothers, I have lived my life before God in all good conscience(J) to this day.” The high priest Ananias ordered those who were standing next to him to strike him on the mouth.(K) Then Paul said to him, “God is going to strike you, you whitewashed wall! You are sitting there judging me according to the law, and yet in violation of the law are you ordering me to be struck?” (L)

Those standing nearby said, “Do you dare revile God’s high priest?”

“I did not know, brothers, that he was the high priest,” replied Paul. “For it is written, You must not speak evil of a ruler of your people.[c](M) When Paul realized that one part of them were Sadducees and the other part were Pharisees, he cried out in the Sanhedrin, “Brothers, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees.(N) I am being judged because of the hope of the resurrection of the dead!” (O) When he said this, a dispute broke out between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the assembly was divided. For the Sadducees say there is no resurrection,(P) and neither angel nor spirit, but the Pharisees affirm them all.

The shouting grew loud, and some of the scribes of the Pharisees’(Q) party got up and argued vehemently, “We find nothing evil in this man.(R) What if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?” [d](S)

10 When the dispute became violent, the commander feared that Paul might be torn apart by them and ordered the troops to go down, take him away from them, and bring him into the barracks.(T)


  1. 22:20 Other mss add of his murder
  2. 22:30 Other mss add from his chains
  3. 23:5 Ex 22:28
  4. 23:9 Other mss add Let us not fight God.
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Psalm 2

Psalm 2

Coronation of the Son

Why(A) do the nations rage(B)
and the peoples plot in vain?(C)
The kings of the earth take their stand,(D)
and the rulers conspire together
against the Lord and his Anointed One:[a](E)
“Let’s tear off their chains
and throw their ropes off of us.”(F)

The one enthroned[b] in heaven laughs;
the Lord ridicules them.(G)
Then he speaks to them in his anger
and terrifies them in his wrath:(H)
“I have installed my king
on Zion, my holy mountain.”(I)

I will declare the Lord’s decree.
He said to me, “You are my Son;[c]
today I have become your Father.(J)
Ask of me,
and I will make the nations your inheritance
and the ends of the earth your possession.(K)
You will break them with an iron scepter;
you will shatter them like pottery.”(L)

10 So now, kings, be wise;
receive instruction, you judges of the earth.
11 Serve the Lord with reverential awe
and rejoice with trembling.(M)
12 Pay homage to[d] the Son or he will be angry
and you will perish in your rebellion,[e](N)
for his anger may ignite at any moment.(O)
All who take refuge in him are happy.(P)


  1. 2:2 Or anointed one
  2. 2:4 Lit who sits
  3. 2:7 Or son, also in v. 12
  4. 2:12 Lit Kiss
  5. 2:12 Lit perish in the way
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Proverbs 18:13

13 The one who gives an answer before he listens—
this is foolishness and disgrace for him.(A)

Cross references:

  1. 18:13 : Pr 15:28
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday July 3, 2020 (NIV)

2 Kings 22:3-23:30

Josiah Repairs the Temple

In the eighteenth year of King Josiah, the king sent the court secretary Shaphan son of Azaliah, son of Meshullam, to the Lord’s temple,(A) saying, “Go up to the high priest Hilkiah so that he may total up the silver brought into the Lord’s temple—the silver the doorkeepers have collected from the people.(B) It is to be given to those doing the work—those who oversee the Lord’s temple. They in turn are to give it to the workmen in the Lord’s temple to repair the damage.(C) They are to give it to the carpenters, builders, and masons to buy timber and quarried stone to repair the temple.(D) But no accounting is to be required from them for the silver given to them since they work with integrity.”(E)

The Book of the Law Found

The high priest Hilkiah told the court secretary Shaphan, “I have found the book of the law(F) in the Lord’s temple,” and he gave the book to Shaphan, who read it.

Then the court secretary Shaphan went to the king and reported,[a] “Your servants have emptied out the silver that was found in the temple and have given it to those doing the work—those who oversee the Lord’s temple.” 10 Then the court secretary Shaphan told the king, “The priest Hilkiah has given me a book,” and Shaphan read it in the presence of the king.(G)

11 When the king heard the words of the book of the law, he tore his clothes.(H) 12 Then he commanded the priest Hilkiah, Ahikam(I) son of Shaphan, Achbor(J) son of Micaiah, the court secretary Shaphan, and the king’s servant Asaiah, 13 “Go and inquire of the Lord for me, for the people, and for all Judah about the words in this book that has been found. For great is the Lord’s wrath that is kindled against us because our ancestors have not obeyed the words of this book in order to do everything written about us.”(K)

Huldah’s Prophecy of Judgment

14 So(L) the priest Hilkiah, Ahikam, Achbor, Shaphan, and Asaiah went to the prophetess(M) Huldah, wife of Shallum son of Tikvah,(N) son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe. She lived in Jerusalem in the Second District.(O) They spoke with her.

15 She said to them, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says: Say to the man who sent you to me, 16 ‘This is what the Lord says: I am about to bring disaster on this place and on its inhabitants, fulfilling[b] all the words of the book that the king of Judah has read,(P) 17 because they have abandoned me and burned incense to other gods in order to anger me with all the work of their hands. My wrath will be kindled against this place, and it will not be quenched.’(Q) 18 Say this to the king of Judah who sent you to inquire of the Lord: ‘This is what the Lord God of Israel says: As for the words that you heard,(R) 19 because your heart was tender and you humbled yourself before the Lord(S) when you heard what I spoke against this place and against its inhabitants, that they would become a desolation and a curse,(T) and because you have torn your clothes and wept before me, I myself have heard’—this is the Lord’s declaration. 20 ‘Therefore, I will indeed gather you to your ancestors, and you will be gathered to your grave in peace.(U) Your eyes will not see all the disaster that I am bringing on this place.’”

Then they reported[c] to the king.

Covenant Renewal

23 So the king sent messengers,(V) and they gathered all the elders(W) of Judah and Jerusalem to him. Then the king went to the Lord’s temple with all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, as well as the priests and the prophets—all the people from the youngest to the oldest. He read in their hearing all the words of the book of the covenant(X) that had been found in the Lord’s temple.(Y) Next, the king stood by the pillar[d](Z) and made a covenant(AA) in the Lord’s presence to follow the Lord and to keep his commands, his decrees, and his statutes with all his heart and with all his soul(AB) in order to carry out the words of this covenant that were written in this book; all the people agreed to[e] the covenant.(AC)

Josiah’s Reforms

Then the king commanded the high priest Hilkiah(AD) and the priests of the second rank(AE) and the doorkeepers to bring out of the Lord’s sanctuary all the articles made for Baal, Asherah, and all the stars in the sky.(AF) He burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron and carried their ashes to Bethel.(AG) Then he did away with the idolatrous priests the kings of Judah had appointed to burn incense at the high places(AH) in the cities of Judah and in the areas surrounding Jerusalem. They had burned incense to Baal, and to the sun, moon, constellations, and all the stars in the sky.(AI) He brought out the Asherah pole(AJ) from the Lord’s temple to the Kidron Valley outside Jerusalem. He burned it at the Kidron Valley,(AK) beat it to dust,(AL) and threw its dust on the graves of the common people.[f](AM) He also tore down the houses of the male cult prostitutes(AN) that were in the Lord’s temple, in which the women were weaving tapestries[g] for Asherah.(AO)

Then Josiah brought all the priests from the cities of Judah, and he defiled the high places(AP) from Geba(AQ) to Beer-sheba,(AR) where the priests had burned incense. He tore down the high places of the city gates at the entrance of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city (on the left at the city gate). The priests of the high places, however, did not come up to the altar of the Lord in Jerusalem; instead, they ate unleavened bread with their fellow priests.(AS)

10 He defiled Topheth,(AT) which is in Ben Hinnom Valley,(AU) so that no one could sacrifice his son or daughter in the fire[h](AV) to Molech.(AW) 11 He did away with the horses that the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun. They had been at the entrance of the Lord’s temple in the precincts by the chamber of Nathan-melech, the eunuch. He also burned the chariots of the sun.(AX)

12 The king tore down the altars that the kings of Judah had made on the roof(AY) of Ahaz’s upper chamber.(AZ) He also tore down the altars that Manasseh had made(BA) in the two courtyards of the Lord’s temple. Then he smashed them[i] there and threw their dust into the Kidron Valley. 13 The king also defiled the high places that were across from Jerusalem, to the south of the Mount of Destruction, which King Solomon of Israel had built for Ashtoreth, the abhorrent idol of the Sidonians; for Chemosh, the abhorrent idol of Moab; and for Milcom, the detestable idol of the Ammonites.(BB) 14 He broke the sacred pillars into pieces,(BC) cut down the Asherah poles,(BD) then filled their places with human bones.

15 He even tore down the altar at Bethel(BE) and the high place(BF) that had been made by Jeroboam son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. He burned the high place, crushed it to dust, and burned the Asherah.(BG) 16 As Josiah turned, he saw the tombs there on the mountain. He sent someone to take the bones out of the tombs, and he burned them on the altar.(BH) He defiled it according to the word of the Lord proclaimed by the man of God[j] who proclaimed these things.(BI) 17 Then he said, “What is this monument I see?”

The men of the city told him, “It is the tomb of the man of God who came from Judah and proclaimed these things that you have done to the altar at Bethel.”(BJ)

18 So he said, “Let him rest. Don’t let anyone disturb his bones.” So they left his bones undisturbed with the bones of the prophet who came from Samaria.(BK)

19 Josiah also removed all the shrines of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to anger the Lord.(BL) Josiah did the same things to them that he had done at Bethel. 20 He slaughtered on the altars all the priests of those high places,(BM) and he burned human bones on the altars.(BN) Then he returned to Jerusalem.

Passover Observed

21 The king commanded all the people, “Observe the Passover of the Lord your God as written in the book of the covenant.”(BO) 22 No such Passover had ever been observed from the time of the judges who judged Israel through the entire time of the kings of Israel and Judah. 23 But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, the Lord’s Passover was observed in Jerusalem.(BP)

Further Zeal for the Lord

24 In addition, Josiah eradicated the mediums, the spiritists,(BQ) household idols,(BR) images, and all the abhorrent things(BS) that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem. He did this in order to carry out the words of the law that were written in the book that the priest Hilkiah found in the Lord’s temple.(BT) 25 Before him there was no king like him who turned to the Lord with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his strength(BU) according to all the law of Moses, and no one like him arose after him.(BV)

26 In spite of all that, the Lord did not turn from the fury of his intense burning anger, which burned against Judah because of all the affronts with which Manasseh had angered him.(BW) 27 For the Lord had said, “I will also remove Judah from my presence just as I have removed Israel.(BX) I will reject this city Jerusalem, that I have chosen, and the temple about which I said, ‘My name will be there.’”(BY)

Josiah’s Death

28 The rest of the events of Josiah’s reign,(BZ) along with all his accomplishments, are written in the Historical Record of Judah’s Kings. 29 During his reign, Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt(CA) marched up to help the king of Assyria at the Euphrates River. King Josiah went to confront him, and at Megiddo(CB) when Neco saw him he killed him. 30 From Megiddo his servants carried his dead body in a chariot, brought him into Jerusalem, and buried him in his own tomb.(CC) Then the common people[k] took Jehoahaz son of Josiah, anointed him, and made him king in place of his father.(CD)


  1. 22:9 Lit and returned a word to the king and said
  2. 22:16 fulfilling supplied for clarity
  3. 22:20 Lit returned a word
  4. 23:3 2Ch 34:31 reads platform
  5. 23:3 Lit people took a stand in
  6. 23:6 Lit the sons of the people
  7. 23:7 Or clothing
  8. 23:10 Lit could make his son or daughter pass through the fire
  9. 23:12 Text emended; MT reads he ran from
  10. 23:16 LXX adds when Jeroboam stood by the altar of the feast. And he turned and raised his eyes to the tomb of the man of God
  11. 23:30 Lit the people of the land, also in v. 35

Cross references:

  1. 22:3 : 2Ch 34:8
  2. 22:4 : 2Kg 12:4,9–10
  3. 22:5 : 2Kg 12:5
  4. 22:6 : 2Kg 12:11–12
  5. 22:7 : 2Kg 12:15; 1Co 4:2
  6. 22:8 : Dt 31:24–26; 2Ch 34:14–15
  7. 22:10 : Dt 17:18–20
  8. 22:11 : Gn 37:34; Jos 7:6
  9. 22:12 : 2Kg 25:22; Jr 26:24
  10. 22:12 : 2Ch 34:20
  11. 22:13 : Dt 29:24–28; 31:17–18
  12. 22:14–20 : 2Ch 34:22–28
  13. 22:14 : Ex 15:20
  14. 22:14 : 2Ch 34:22
  15. 22:14 : Zph 1:10
  16. 22:16 : Dt 29:27; Dn 9:11–14
  17. 22:17 : Dt 29:25–26; 1Kg 9:9
  18. 22:18 : 2Ch 34:26
  19. 22:19 : 1Sm 24:5; 1Kg 21:29
  20. 22:19 : Dt 28:15; Jr 26:6
  21. 22:20 : 2Kg 20:19; 23:30
  22. 23:1 : 2Ch 34:29–32
  23. 23:1 : 2Kg 10:1
  24. 23:2 : Dt 31:10–13
  25. 23:2 : 2Kg 22:8
  26. 23:3 : 1Kg 7:15; 2Kg 11:14
  27. 23:3 : 2Kg 11:17
  28. 23:3 : Dt 6:4–6; 13:4
  29. 23:3 : Ex 24:3–8; Jos 24:14–28
  30. 23:4 : 2Kg 22:8,14
  31. 23:4 : 2Kg 25:18; Jr 35:4; 52:24
  32. 23:4 : 2Kg 21:3,7; 2Ch 33:3
  33. 23:4 : 2Kg 23:15
  34. 23:5 : 2Kg 16:4
  35. 23:5 : 2Kg 21:3
  36. 23:6 : 1Kg 14:15,23; 2Kg 18:4; 21:7
  37. 23:6 : 1Kg 15:13
  38. 23:6 : 2Kg 23:15
  39. 23:6 : 2Ch 34:4; Jr 26:23
  40. 23:7 : Dt 23:17; 1Kg 14:24; 15:12
  41. 23:7 : Ex 38:8; Ezk 16:16
  42. 23:8 : 2Kg 18:4
  43. 23:8 : Jos 21:17; 1Kg 15:22
  44. 23:8 : 1Sm 3:20
  45. 23:9 : Ezk 44:10–14
  46. 23:10 : Is 30:33; Jr 7:31–32
  47. 23:10 : Jos 15:8
  48. 23:10 : Lv 18:21; 20:2–5
  49. 23:10 : 1Kg 11:7; Jr 32:35
  50. 23:11 : Dt 4:19; Ezk 8:16
  51. 23:12 : Jr 19:13; Zph 1:4–5
  52. 23:12 : 2Kg 20:11
  53. 23:12 : 2Kg 21:5; 2Ch 33:5
  54. 23:13 : 1Kg 11:5–8
  55. 23:14 : Ex 23:24
  56. 23:14 : 2Kg 18:4
  57. 23:15 : 1Kg 13:1–3
  58. 23:15 : 1Kg 12:28–33
  59. 23:15 : 2Kg 23:6
  60. 23:16 : 2Ch 34:5
  61. 23:16 : 1Kg 13:2
  62. 23:17 : 1Kg 13:1,31–32
  63. 23:18 : 1Kg 13:29–31
  64. 23:19 : 2Ch 34:6–7
  65. 23:20 : 1Kg 12:31; 13:2
  66. 23:20 : 2Kg 10:25; 11:18; 2Ch 34:5
  67. 23:21 : Nm 9:1–14; Dt 16:1–8; 2Ch 35:1–6
  68. 23:22–23 : 2Ch 35:18–19
  69. 23:24 : Lv 19:31; 2Kg 21:6
  70. 23:24 : Gn 31:19
  71. 23:24 : Dt 7:26; 2Kg 16:3
  72. 23:24 : 2Kg 22:8; 23:2–3
  73. 23:25 : Dt 6:4–9; 2Kg 23:3
  74. 23:25 : 1Kg 3:12; 2Kg 18:5
  75. 23:26 : 2Kg 21:11–13; Jr 15:4
  76. 23:27 : 2Kg 18:11–12
  77. 23:27 : Dt 12:11; 1Kg 9:3; 2Kg 21:4
  78. 23:28–30 : 2Ch 35:20–27
  79. 23:29 : Jr 46:2
  80. 23:29 : Jdg 5:19
  81. 23:30 : 2Kg 9:28
  82. 23:30 : 2Ch 36:1
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Acts 21:37-22:16

Paul’s Defense before the Jerusalem Mob

37 As he was about to be brought into the barracks, Paul said to the commander, “Am I allowed to say something to you?”

He replied, “You know how to speak Greek? 38 Aren’t you the Egyptian who started a revolt some time ago and led four thousand men of the Assassins into the wilderness?” (A)

39 Paul said, “I am a Jewish man from Tarsus of Cilicia,(B) a citizen of an important city. Now I ask you, let me speak to the people.”

40 After he had given permission, Paul stood on the steps and motioned with his hand to the people. When there was a great hush, he addressed them in Aramaic:[a](C)

22 “Brothers and fathers, listen now to my defense before you.” When they heard that he was addressing them in Aramaic,[b] they became even quieter.(D) He(E) continued, “I am a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia but brought up in this city, educated at the feet of Gamaliel(F) according to the strictness of our ancestral law. I was zealous for God, just as all of you are today.(G) I persecuted this Way(H) to the death, arresting and putting both men and women in jail,(I) as both the high priest and the whole council of elders can testify about me. After I received letters from them to the brothers, I traveled to Damascus to arrest those who were there and bring them to Jerusalem to be punished.(J)

Paul’s Testimony

“As(K) I was traveling and approaching Damascus, about noon an intense light from heaven suddenly flashed around me. I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?’

“I answered, ‘Who are you, Lord?’

“He said to me, ‘I am Jesus of Nazareth, the one you are persecuting.’ Now those who were with me saw the light,[c] but they did not hear the voice of the one who was speaking to me.(L)

10 “I said, ‘What should I do, Lord?’

“The Lord told me, ‘Get up and go into Damascus, and there you will be told everything that you have been assigned to do.’

11 “Since I couldn’t see because of the brightness of the light,[d] I was led by the hand by those who were with me, and went into Damascus.(M) 12 Someone named Ananias, a devout man according to the law, who had a good reputation with all the Jews living there,(N) 13 came and stood by me and said, ‘Brother Saul, regain your sight.’ And in that very hour I looked up and saw him. 14 And he said, ‘The God of our ancestors has appointed(O) you to know his will, to see(P) the Righteous One,(Q) and to hear the words from his mouth, 15 since you will be a witness for him to all people of what you have seen and heard.(R) 16 And now, why are you delaying? Get up and be baptized, and wash away your sins,(S) calling on his name.’(T)


  1. 21:40 Or Hebrew
  2. 22:2 Or Hebrew
  3. 22:9 Other mss add and were afraid
  4. 22:11 Lit the glory of that light
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Psalm 1

Psalm 1

The Two Ways

How happy is the one who does not
walk in the advice of the wicked
or stand in the pathway with sinners
or sit in the company of mockers!(A)
Instead, his delight is in the Lord’s instruction,
and he meditates on it day and night.(B)
He is like a tree planted beside flowing streams[a]
that bears its fruit in its season,(C)
and its leaf does not wither.(D)
Whatever he does prospers.(E)

The wicked are not like this;
instead, they are like chaff that the wind blows away.(F)
Therefore the wicked will not stand up in the judgment,(G)
nor sinners in the assembly of the righteous.

For the Lord watches over the way of the righteous,(H)
but the way of the wicked leads to ruin.(I)


  1. 1:3 Or beside irrigation channels
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Proverbs 18:11-12

11 The wealth of the rich is his fortified city;
in his imagination it is like a high wall.(A)

12 Before his downfall a person’s heart is proud,(B)
but humility comes before honor.(C)

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday July 2, 2020 (NIV)

2 Kings 20:1-22:2

Hezekiah’s Illness and Recovery

20 In those days(A) Hezekiah became terminally ill.(B) The prophet Isaiah(C) son of Amoz came and said to him, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Set your house in order, for you are about to die; you will not recover.’”(D)

Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall(E) and prayed to the Lord, “Please, Lord, remember(F) how I have walked before you faithfully and wholeheartedly and have done what pleases you.”[a](G) And Hezekiah wept bitterly.(H)

Isaiah had not yet gone out of the inner courtyard when the word of the Lord came to him: “Go back and tell Hezekiah, the leader(I) of my people, ‘This is what the Lord God of your ancestor David says: I have heard your prayer;(J) I have seen your tears. Look, I will heal you. On the third day from now you will go up to the Lord’s temple. I will add fifteen years to your life. I will rescue you and this city from the grasp of the king of Assyria. I will defend this city for my sake and for the sake of my servant David.’”(K)

Then Isaiah said, “Bring a lump of pressed figs.” So they brought it and applied it to his infected skin, and he recovered.(L)

Hezekiah had asked Isaiah, “What is the sign(M) that the Lord will heal me and that I will go up to the Lord’s temple on the third day?”

Isaiah said, “This is the sign(N) to you from the Lord that he will do what he has promised: Should the shadow go ahead ten steps or go back ten steps?”

10 Then Hezekiah answered, “It’s easy for the shadow to lengthen ten steps. No, let the shadow go back ten steps.” 11 So the prophet Isaiah called out to the Lord, and he brought the shadow[b] back the ten steps it had descended on the stairway of Ahaz.[c](O)

Hezekiah’s Folly

12 At that time(P) Merodach-baladan[d] son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a gift to Hezekiah since he heard that he had been sick. 13 Hezekiah listened to the letters and showed the envoys his whole treasure house—the silver, the gold, the spices, and the precious oil—and his armory, and everything that was found in his treasuries. There was nothing in his palace and in all his realm that Hezekiah did not show them.(Q)

14 Then the prophet Isaiah came to King Hezekiah and asked him, “Where did these men come from and what did they say to you?”

Hezekiah replied, “They came from a distant country, from Babylon.”

15 Isaiah asked, “What have they seen in your palace?”

Hezekiah answered, “They have seen everything in my palace. There isn’t anything in my treasuries that I didn’t show them.”

16 Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear the word of the Lord: 17 ‘Look, the days are coming when everything in your palace and all that your predecessors have stored up until today will be carried off to Babylon; nothing will be left,’(R) says the Lord. 18 ‘Some of your descendants—who come from you, whom you father—will be taken away,(S) and they will become eunuchs[e] in the palace of the king of Babylon.’”(T)

19 Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “The word of the Lord that you have spoken is good,”(U) for he thought, “Why not, if there will be peace and security during my lifetime?”

Hezekiah’s Death

20 The rest of the events of Hezekiah’s reign, along with all his might and how he made the pool(V) and the tunnel and brought water into the city,(W) are written in the Historical Record of Judah’s Kings.(X) 21 Hezekiah rested with his ancestors, and his son Manasseh became king in his place.(Y)

Judah’s King Manasseh

21 Manasseh(Z) was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Hephzibah.(AA) He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight,(AB) imitating the detestable practices of the nations that the Lord had dispossessed before the Israelites.(AC) He rebuilt the high places that his father Hezekiah had destroyed(AD) and reestablished the altars for Baal. He made an Asherah,(AE) as King Ahab of Israel had done;(AF) he also bowed in worship to all the stars in the sky(AG) and served them. He built altars in the Lord’s temple,(AH) where the Lord had said, “Jerusalem is where I will put my name.”(AI) He built altars to all the stars in the sky(AJ) in both courtyards of the Lord’s temple.(AK) He sacrificed his son in the fire,[f](AL) practiced witchcraft and divination, and consulted mediums and spiritists.(AM) He did a huge amount of evil in the Lord’s sight, angering him.(AN)

Manasseh set up the carved image of Asherah, which he made, in the temple that the Lord had spoken about to David and his son Solomon: “I will establish my name forever in this temple and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel.(AO) I will never again cause the feet of the Israelites to wander from the land I gave to their ancestors if only they will be careful to do all I have commanded them—the whole law that my servant Moses commanded them.”(AP) But they did not listen; Manasseh caused them to stray so that they did worse evil than the nations the Lord had destroyed before the Israelites.(AQ)

10 The Lord said through his servants the prophets, 11 “Since King Manasseh of Judah has committed all these detestable acts(AR)—worse evil than the Amorites(AS) who preceded him had done—and by means of his idols has also caused Judah to sin, 12 this is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘I am about to bring such a disaster on Jerusalem and Judah that everyone who hears about it will shudder.[g](AT) 13 I will stretch over Jerusalem the measuring line used on Samaria and the mason’s level used on the house of Ahab,(AU) and I will wipe(AV) Jerusalem clean as one wipes a bowl—wiping it and turning it upside down. 14 I will abandon the remnant(AW) of my inheritance and hand them over to their enemies. They will become plunder and spoil to all their enemies, 15 because they have done what is evil in my sight and have angered me from the day their ancestors came out of Egypt until today.’”(AX)

16 Manasseh also shed so much innocent blood that he filled Jerusalem with it from one end to another.(AY) This was in addition to his sin that he caused Judah to commit, so that they did what was evil in the Lord’s sight.

Manasseh’s Death

17 The rest(AZ) of the events of Manasseh’s reign, along with all his accomplishments and the sin that he committed, are written in the Historical Record of Judah’s Kings.(BA) 18 Manasseh rested with his ancestors and was buried in the garden of his own house, the garden of Uzza. His son Amon became king in his place.

Judah’s King Amon

19 Amon was twenty-two years old when he became king,(BB) and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Meshullemeth daughter of Haruz; she was from Jotbah. 20 He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, just as his father Manasseh had done.(BC) 21 He walked in all the ways his father had walked; he served the idols his father had served, and he bowed in worship to them.(BD) 22 He abandoned the Lord God of his ancestors(BE) and did not walk in the ways of the Lord.(BF)

23 Amon’s servants conspired against him and put the king to death in his own house.(BG) 24 The common people[h] killed(BH) all who had conspired against King Amon, and they made his son Josiah(BI) king in his place.

25 The rest of the events of Amon’s reign, along with his accomplishments, are written in the Historical Record of Judah’s Kings. 26 He was buried in his tomb in the garden of Uzza, and his son Josiah became king in his place.

Judah’s King Josiah

22 Josiah(BJ) was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jedidah the daughter of Adaiah; she was from Bozkath.(BK) He did what was right in the Lord’s sight and walked in all the ways of his ancestor David;(BL) he did not turn to the right or the left.(BM)


  1. 20:3 Lit what is good in your eyes
  2. 20:11 Lit shadow on the steps
  3. 20:11 Tg, Vg; DSS read on the steps of Ahaz’s roof chamber; Is 38:8
  4. 20:12 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Tg, some Vg mss, Is 39:1; other Hb mss read Berodach-baladan
  5. 20:18 Or court officials
  6. 21:6 Lit He made his son pass through the fire
  7. 21:12 Lit about it, his two ears will tingle; Hb obscure
  8. 21:24 Lit The people of the land
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Acts 21:18-36

18 The following day Paul went in with us to James, and all the elders were present.(A) 19 After greeting them, he reported in detail what God had done among the Gentiles through his ministry.(B)

20 When they heard it, they glorified God and said, “You see, brother, how many thousands of Jews there are who have believed, and they are all zealous(C) for the law. 21 But they have been informed about you—that you are teaching all the Jews who are among the Gentiles to abandon Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children or to live according to our customs.(D) 22 So what is to be done?[a] They will certainly hear that you’ve come. 23 Therefore do what we tell you: We have four men who have made a vow. 24 Take these men, purify yourself along with them, and pay for them to get their heads shaved. Then everyone will know that what they were told about you amounts to nothing, but that you yourself are also careful about observing the law.(E) 25 With regard to the Gentiles who have believed, we have written a letter containing our decision that[b] they should keep themselves from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from what is strangled, and from sexual immorality.”

The Riot in the Temple

26 So the next day, Paul took the men, having purified himself along with them, and entered the temple, announcing the completion of the purification days when the offering would be made for each of them.(F) 27 When the seven days were nearly over, some Jews from the province of Asia saw him in the temple, stirred up the whole crowd, and seized him,(G) 28 shouting, “Fellow Israelites, help! This is the man who teaches everyone everywhere against our people, our law, and this place. What’s more, he also brought Greeks into the temple and has defiled this holy place.”(H) 29 For they had previously seen Trophimus the Ephesian in the city with him, and they supposed that Paul had brought him into the temple.(I)

30 The whole city was stirred up, and the people rushed together. They seized Paul, dragged him out of the temple, and at once the gates were shut.(J)

31 As they were trying to kill him, word went up to the commander of the regiment that all Jerusalem was in chaos. 32 Taking along soldiers and centurions, he immediately ran down to them. Seeing the commander and the soldiers, they stopped beating Paul. 33 Then the commander approached, took him into custody, and ordered him to be bound with two chains.(K) He asked who he was and what he had done. 34 Some in the crowd were shouting one thing and some another. Since he was not able to get reliable information because of the uproar, he ordered him to be taken into the barracks.(L) 35 When Paul got to the steps, he had to be carried by the soldiers because of the violence of the crowd, 36 for the mass of people followed, yelling, “Get rid of him!” (M)


  1. 21:22 Other mss add A multitude has to come together, since
  2. 21:25 Other mss add they should observe no such thing, except that
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Psalm 150

Psalm 150

Praise the Lord

Praise God in his sanctuary.
Praise him in his mighty expanse.(A)
Praise him for his powerful acts;(B)
praise him for his abundant greatness.(C)

Praise him with the blast of a ram’s horn;(D)
praise him with harp and lyre.(E)
Praise him with tambourine and dance;(F)
praise him with strings and flute.(G)
Praise him with resounding cymbals;
praise him with clashing cymbals.(H)

Let everything that breathes praise the Lord.(I)

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Proverbs 18:9-10

The one who is lazy in his work
is brother to a vandal.[a](A)

10 The name of the Lord is a strong tower;(B)
the righteous run to it and are protected.[b](C)


  1. 18:9 Lit master of destruction
  2. 18:10 Lit raised high
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday July 1, 2020 (NIV)

2 Kings 18:13-19:37

Sennacherib’s Invasion

13 In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Assyria’s King Sennacherib attacked all the fortified cities of Judah and captured them.(A) 14 So King Hezekiah of Judah sent word to the king of Assyria at Lachish:(B) “I have done wrong;(C) withdraw from me. Whatever you demand from me, I will pay.” The king of Assyria demanded eleven tons[a] of silver and one ton[b] of gold from King Hezekiah of Judah. 15 So Hezekiah gave him all the silver found in the Lord’s temple and in the treasuries of the king’s palace.

16 At that time Hezekiah stripped the gold from the doors of the Lord’s sanctuary and from the doorposts he had overlaid and gave it to the king of Assyria.(D)

17 Then the king of Assyria sent the field marshal,(E) the chief of staff, and his royal spokesman, along with a massive army, from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem.(F) They advanced and came to Jerusalem, and[c] they took their position by the aqueduct of the upper pool, by the road to the Launderer’s Field.(G) 18 They called for the king, but Eliakim(H) son of Hilkiah, who was in charge of the palace, Shebnah(I) the court secretary, and Joah son of Asaph, the court historian, came out to them.(J)

The Royal Spokesman’s Speech

19 Then(K) the royal spokesman said to them, “Tell Hezekiah this is what the great king, the king of Assyria, says: ‘What are you relying on?[d](L) 20 You think mere words are strategy and strength for war. Who are you now relying on so that you have rebelled against me?(M) 21 Now look, you are relying on Egypt, that splintered reed of a staff(N) that will pierce the hand of anyone who grabs it and leans on it.(O) This is what Pharaoh king of Egypt is to all who rely on him. 22 Suppose you say to me, “We rely on the Lord our God.” Isn’t he the one whose high places and altars Hezekiah has removed,(P) saying to Judah and to Jerusalem, “You must worship at this altar in Jerusalem”?’

23 “So now, make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria. I’ll give you two thousand horses if you’re able to supply riders for them! 24 How then can you drive back a single officer(Q) among the least of my master’s servants? How can you rely on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 25 Now, have I attacked this place to destroy it without the Lord’s approval?(R) The Lord said to me, ‘Attack this land and destroy it.’”

26 Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah, Shebnah, and Joah said to the royal spokesman, “Please speak to your servants in Aramaic,(S) since we understand it. Don’t speak with us in Hebrew[e] within earshot of the people on the wall.”

27 But the royal spokesman said to them, “Has my master sent me to speak these words only to your master and to you? Hasn’t he also sent me to the men who sit on the wall, destined with you to eat their own excrement and drink their own urine?” (T)

28 The royal spokesman stood and called out loudly in Hebrew: “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria. 29 This is what the king says: ‘Don’t let Hezekiah deceive(U) you; he can’t rescue you from my power.(V) 30 Don’t let Hezekiah persuade you to rely on the Lord by saying, “Certainly the Lord will rescue us! This city will not be handed over to the king of Assyria.”’(W)

31 “Don’t listen to Hezekiah, for this is what the king of Assyria says: ‘Make peace[f] with me and surrender to me. Then each of you may eat from his own vine and his own fig tree,(X) and each may drink water from his own cistern 32 until I come and take you away to a land like your own land—a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive trees and honey(Y)—so that you may live(Z) and not die. But don’t listen to Hezekiah when he misleads you, saying, “The Lord will rescue us.” 33 Has any of the gods of the nations ever rescued(AA) his land from the power of the king of Assyria? 34 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah?[g] Have they rescued Samaria from my power?(AB) 35 Who among all the gods of the lands has rescued his land from my power? So will the Lord rescue Jerusalem from my power?’” (AC)

36 But the people kept silent; they did not answer him at all, for the king’s command was, “Don’t answer him.” 37 Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah, who was in charge of the palace, Shebna the court secretary, and Joah son of Asaph, the court historian,(AD) came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn(AE) and reported to him the words of the royal spokesman.

Hezekiah Seeks Isaiah’s Counsel

19 When King Hezekiah heard their report, he tore his clothes, covered himself with sackcloth,(AF) and went into the Lord’s temple.(AG) He sent Eliakim, who was in charge of the palace, Shebna the court secretary,(AH) and the leading priests, who were covered with sackcloth,(AI) to the prophet Isaiah(AJ) son of Amoz. They said to him, “This is what Hezekiah says: ‘Today is a day of distress, rebuke, and disgrace, for children have come to the point of birth,(AK) but there is no strength to deliver them. Perhaps the Lord your God(AL) will hear(AM) all the words of the royal spokesman, whom his master the king of Assyria sent to mock the living God, and will rebuke(AN) him for the words that the Lord your God has heard. Therefore, offer a prayer for the surviving remnant.’”(AO)

So the servants of King Hezekiah went to Isaiah, who said to them, “Tell your master, ‘The Lord says this: Don’t be afraid(AP) because of the words you have heard, with which the king of Assyria’s attendants(AQ) have blasphemed(AR) me. I am about to put a spirit in him, and he will hear a rumor and return to his own land,(AS) where I will cause him to fall by the sword.’”(AT)

Sennacherib’s Departing Threat

When(AU) the royal spokesman heard that the king of Assyria had pulled out of Lachish,(AV) he left and found him fighting against Libnah.(AW) The king had heard concerning King Tirhakah of Cush, “Look, he has set out to fight against you.” So he again sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, 10 “Say this to King Hezekiah of Judah: ‘Don’t let your God, on whom you rely,(AX) deceive you by promising that Jerusalem will not be handed over to the king of Assyria.(AY) 11 Look, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the countries: They completely destroyed them. Will you be rescued? 12 Did the gods of the nations(AZ) that my predecessors destroyed rescue them—nations such as Gozan,(BA) Haran,(BB) Rezeph, and the Edenites(BC) in Telassar? 13 Where is the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, the king of the city of[h] Sepharvaim, Hena, or Ivvah?’” (BD)

Hezekiah’s Prayer

14 Hezekiah took(BE) the letter(BF) from the messengers’ hands, read it, then went up to the Lord’s temple, and spread it out before the Lord.(BG) 15 Then Hezekiah prayed before the Lord:

Lord God of Israel, enthroned between the cherubim,(BH) you are God—you alone—of all the kingdoms of the earth. You made the heavens and the earth.(BI) 16 Listen closely, Lord, and hear; open your eyes, Lord, and see.(BJ) Hear the words that Sennacherib has sent to mock the living God.(BK) 17 Lord, it is true that the kings of Assyria have devastated the nations and their lands.(BL) 18 They have thrown their gods into the fire, for they were not gods but made by human hands—wood and stone.(BM) So they have destroyed them. 19 Now, Lord our God, please save us from his power so that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you, Lord, are God—you alone.(BN)

God’s Answer through Isaiah

20 Then(BO) Isaiah son of Amoz sent a message to Hezekiah: “The Lord, the God of Israel says, ‘I have heard your prayer(BP) to me about King Sennacherib of Assyria.’(BQ) 21 This is the word the Lord has spoken against him:

Virgin Daughter Zion(BR)
despises you and scorns you;
Daughter Jerusalem
shakes her head behind your back.(BS)
22 Who is it you mocked and blasphemed?(BT)
Against whom have you raised your voice
and lifted your eyes in pride?
Against the Holy One of Israel!(BU)
23 You have mocked the Lord[i] through[j] your messengers.(BV)
You have said, ‘With my many chariots(BW)
I have gone up to the heights of the mountains,
to the far recesses of Lebanon.
I cut down its tallest cedars,
its choice cypress trees.
I came to its farthest outpost,
its densest forest.
24 I dug wells
and drank water in foreign lands.
I dried up all the streams of Egypt(BX)
with the soles of my feet.’

25 Have you not heard?(BY)
I designed it long ago;
I planned it in days gone by.
I have now brought it to pass,(BZ)
and you have crushed fortified cities
into piles of rubble.
26 Their inhabitants have become powerless,
dismayed, and ashamed.
They are plants of the field,
tender grass,
grass on the rooftops,(CA)
blasted by the east wind.[k]

27 But I know your sitting down,(CB)
your going out and your coming in,
and your raging against me.
28 Because your raging against me
and your arrogance have reached my ears,
I will put my hook in your nose(CC)
and my bit in your mouth;
I will make you go back
the way you came.

29 “This will be the sign(CD) for you: This year you will eat what grows on its own, and in the second year what grows from that. But in the third year sow and reap, plant vineyards and eat their fruit. 30 The surviving remnant(CE) of the house of Judah will again take root downward and bear fruit upward. 31 For a remnant will go out from Jerusalem, and survivors, from Mount Zion.(CF) The zeal of the Lord of Armies will accomplish this.(CG)

32 Therefore, this is what the Lord says about the king of Assyria:
He will not enter this city,
shoot an arrow here,
come before it with a shield,
or build up a siege ramp against it.(CH)
33 He will go back
the way he came,
and he will not enter this city.

This is the Lord’s declaration.

34 I will defend this city and rescue it
for my sake and for the sake of my servant David.”(CI)

Defeat and Death of Sennacherib

35 That night the angel of the Lord went out and struck down one hundred eighty-five thousand in the camp of the Assyrians. When the people got up the next morning—there were all the dead bodies!(CJ) 36 So King Sennacherib of Assyria broke camp and left. He returned home and lived in Nineveh.(CK)

37 One day, while he was worshiping in the temple of his god Nisroch, his sons Adrammelech(CL) and Sharezer struck him down with the sword and escaped to the land of Ararat.(CM) Then his son Esar-haddon(CN) became king in his place.


  1. 18:14 Lit 300 talents
  2. 18:14 Lit 30 talents
  3. 18:17 LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads and came and
  4. 18:19 Lit ‘What is this trust which you trust
  5. 18:26 Lit Judahite, also in v. 28
  6. 18:31 Lit a blessing
  7. 18:34 Some LXX mss, Old Lat read Sepharvaim? Where are the gods of the land of Samaria?
  8. 19:13 Or king of Lair,
  9. 19:23 Many mss read Lord
  10. 19:23 Lit by the hand of
  11. 19:26 DSS; MT reads blasted before standing grain; Is 37:27

Cross references:

  1. 18:13 : 2Ch 32:1; Is 36:1
  2. 18:14 : 2Kg 19:8
  3. 18:14 : Is 24:5; 33:8
  4. 18:15–16 : 2Kg 12:18; 16:8; 2Ch 16:2
  5. 18:17 : Is 20:1
  6. 18:17 : 2Ch 32:9
  7. 18:17 : 2Kg 20:20; Is 7:3
  8. 18:18 : 2Kg 19:2; Is 22:20
  9. 18:18 : Is 22:15
  10. 18:17–18 : Is 36:2–3
  11. 18:19–37 : Is 36:4–22
  12. 18:19 : 2Kg 18:5; 2Ch 32:10
  13. 18:20 : 2Kg 18:7
  14. 18:21 : Is 30:2–3,7
  15. 18:21 : Ezk 29:6–7
  16. 18:22 : 2Kg 18:4; 2Ch 31:1; 32:11–12
  17. 18:24 : Is 10:8
  18. 18:25 : 2Kg 19:6,22; 24:3; 2Ch 35:21
  19. 18:26 : Ezr 4:7; Dn 2:4
  20. 18:26–27 : Is 36:11–12
  21. 18:29 : 2Kg 19:10
  22. 18:29 : 2Ch 32:15
  23. 18:30 : 2Ch 32:18
  24. 18:31 : 1Kg 4:25
  25. 18:32 : Dt 8:7–9; 11:12
  26. 18:32 : Dt 30:19
  27. 18:33 : 2Kg 19:12; Is 10:10–11
  28. 18:34 : 2Kg 17:24; 19:13
  29. 18:35 : 2Ch 32:14; Ps 2:1–4; Dn 3:15
  30. 18:37 : 2Kg 18:26; 19:2
  31. 18:37 : 2Kg 6:30; Is 33:7
  32. 19:1 : 1Kg 21:27; 2Kg 18:37; Ps 69:11
  33. 19:1 : 2Ch 32:20; Is 37:1
  34. 19:2 : 2Kg 18:26,37
  35. 19:2 : 2Sm 3:31
  36. 19:2 : Is 1:1; 2:1
  37. 19:3 : Hs 13:13
  38. 19:4 : 1Sm 17:26; 2Kg 18:35
  39. 19:4 : Jos 14:12; 2Sm 16:12
  40. 19:4 : Ps 50:21
  41. 19:4 : 2Kg 19:30; Is 1:9
  42. 19:6 : Is 37:6
  43. 19:6 : 2Kg 18:17
  44. 19:6 : 2Kg 18:22–25,30,35
  45. 19:7 : 2Kg 7:6
  46. 19:7 : 2Kg 19:35–37
  47. 19:8–13 : Is 37:8–13
  48. 19:8 : 2Kg 18:14
  49. 19:8 : Jos 10:29
  50. 19:10 : 2Kg 18:5
  51. 19:10 : 2Kg 18:29–30
  52. 19:12 : 2Kg 18:33,35
  53. 19:12 : 2Kg 17:6
  54. 19:12 : Gn 11:31
  55. 19:12 : Is 37:12
  56. 19:13 : 2Kg 18:34
  57. 19:14–19 : Is 37:14–20
  58. 19:14 : 2Kg 5:7
  59. 19:14 : Is 37:14
  60. 19:15 : Ex 25:22
  61. 19:15 : Gn 1:1; 2Kg 5:15; Is 44:6
  62. 19:16 : 1Kg 8:28–29; Ps 115:4–6; Dn 9:18
  63. 19:16 : 2Kg 19:4; Ps 31:2; Is 37:17
  64. 19:17 : 2Kg 18:34
  65. 19:18 : Is 44:9–20; Jr 10:3–5; Ac 17:29
  66. 19:19 : 1Kg 8:42–43; Is 43:10–11
  67. 19:20–34 : Is 37:21–35
  68. 19:20 : 2Kg 20:5
  69. 19:20 : Is 37:21
  70. 19:21 : Jr 14:17; Lm 2:13
  71. 19:21 : Ps 22:7–8; 109:25; Mt 27:39
  72. 19:22 : 2Kg 19:4,6
  73. 19:22 : Is 5:24; 30:11–15; Jr 51:5
  74. 19:23 : 2Kg 18:17; 19:4
  75. 19:23 : Ps 20:7; Jr 50:37
  76. 19:24 : Is 19:6
  77. 19:25 : Is 40:21; 45:7
  78. 19:25 : Is 10:5
  79. 19:26 : Ps 129:6
  80. 19:27 : Ps 139:1–2
  81. 19:28 : Ezk 19:9; 29:4; 38:4
  82. 19:29 : Ex 3:14; 2Kg 20:8–9; Is 7:14
  83. 19:30 : 2Kg 19:4; 2Ch 32:22–23
  84. 19:31 : Is 10:20
  85. 19:31 : Is 9:7
  86. 19:32 : Is 8:7–10
  87. 19:34 : 1Kg 11:12–13; 2Kg 20:6; Is 31:5
  88. 19:35 : 2Ch 32:21; Is 37:36
  89. 19:36 : Jnh 1:2
  90. 19:37 : 2Kg 17:31
  91. 19:37 : Gn 8:4; Jr 51:27
  92. 19:37 : Gn 10:11; Ezr 4:2
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Acts 21:1-17

Warnings on the Journey to Jerusalem

21 After(A) we tore ourselves away from them, we set sail straight for Cos, the next day to Rhodes, and from there to Patara. Finding a ship crossing over to Phoenicia, we boarded and set sail. After we sighted Cyprus, passing to the south of it,[a] we sailed on to Syria and arrived at Tyre, since the ship was to unload its cargo there. We sought out the disciples and stayed there seven days. Through the Spirit they told Paul not to go to Jerusalem.(B) When our time had come to an end, we left to continue our journey, while all of them, with their wives and children, accompanied us out of the city. After kneeling down on the beach to pray, we said farewell to one another and boarded the ship, and they returned home.

When we completed our voyage[b] from Tyre, we reached Ptolemais, where we greeted the brothers and sisters and stayed with them for a day.(C) The next day we left and came to Caesarea, where we entered the house of Philip(D) the evangelist,(E) who was one of the Seven, and stayed with him. This man had four virgin daughters who prophesied.(F)

10 After we had been there for several days, a prophet named Agabus came down from Judea. 11 He came to us, took Paul’s belt, tied his own feet and hands, and said, “This is what the Holy Spirit says: ‘In this way the Jews in Jerusalem will bind the man who owns this belt and deliver him over to the Gentiles.’”(G) 12 When we heard this, both we and the local people pleaded with him not to go up to Jerusalem.

13 Then Paul replied, “What are you doing, weeping and breaking my heart? For I am ready not only to be bound but also to die in Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.”(H)

14 Since he would not be persuaded, we said no more except, “The Lord’s will be done.”(I)

Conflict over the Gentile Mission

15 After this we got ready and went up to Jerusalem. 16 Some of the disciples from Caesarea also went with us and brought us to Mnason of Cyprus, an early disciple, with whom we were to stay.(J)

17 When we reached Jerusalem, the brothers and sisters welcomed us warmly.(K)


  1. 21:3 Lit leaving it on the left
  2. 21:7 Or As we continued our voyage
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Psalm 149

Psalm 149

Praise for God’s Triumph

Sing to the Lord a new song,(A)
his praise in the assembly of the faithful.(B)
Let Israel celebrate its Maker;
let the children of Zion rejoice in their King.(C)
Let them praise his name with dancing
and make music to him with tambourine and lyre.(D)
For the Lord takes pleasure in his people;(E)
he adorns the humble with salvation.(F)
Let the faithful celebrate in triumphal glory;
let them shout for joy on their beds.(G)

Let the exaltation of God be in their mouths[a]
and a double-edged sword in their hands,(H)
inflicting vengeance on the nations
and punishment on the peoples,(I)
binding their kings with chains
and their dignitaries with iron shackles,(J)
carrying out the judgment decreed against them.
This honor is for all his faithful people.(K)


  1. 149:6 Lit throat
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Proverbs 18:8

A gossip’s words are like choice food
that goes down to one’s innermost being.[a](A)


  1. 18:8 Lit to the chambers of the belly

Cross references:

  1. 18:8 : Pr 26:22
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday June 30, 2020 (NIV)

2 Kings 17:1-18:12

Israel’s King Hoshea

17 In the twelfth year of Judah’s King Ahaz, Hoshea(A) son of Elah became king over Israel in Samaria, and he reigned nine years. He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight, but not like the kings of Israel who preceded him.(B)

King Shalmaneser(C) of Assyria attacked him,(D) and Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute. But the king of Assyria caught Hoshea in a conspiracy: He had sent envoys to So king of Egypt(E) and had not paid tribute to the king of Assyria as in previous years.[a] Therefore the king of Assyria arrested him and put him in prison. The king of Assyria invaded the whole land, marched up to Samaria, and besieged it for three years.(F)

The Fall of Samaria

In the ninth year of Hoshea,(G) the king of Assyria captured Samaria. He deported(H) the Israelites to Assyria and settled them in Halah, along the Habor (Gozan’s river), and in the cities of the Medes.(I)

Why Israel Fell

This disaster happened because the people of Israel sinned against the Lord their God who had brought them out of the land of Egypt from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt(J) and because they worshiped[b] other gods.(K) They lived according to the customs of the nations that the Lord had dispossessed before the Israelites(L) and according to what the kings of Israel did.(M) The Israelites secretly did things[c] against the Lord their God that were not right. They built high places in all their towns from watchtower(N) to fortified city. 10 They set up for themselves sacred pillars(O) and Asherah poles(P) on every high hill and under every green tree.(Q) 11 They burned incense there on all the high places just like the nations that the Lord had driven out before them had done. They did evil things, angering the Lord. 12 They served idols, although the Lord had told them, “You must not do this.”(R) 13 Still, the Lord warned(S) Israel and Judah through every prophet and every seer, saying, “Turn from your evil ways and keep my commands and statutes according to the whole law I commanded your ancestors and sent to you through my servants the prophets.”(T)

14 But they would not listen. Instead they became obstinate like[d] their ancestors who did not believe the Lord their God.(U) 15 They rejected his statutes and his covenant he had made with their ancestors(V) and the warnings he had given them. They followed worthless idols and became worthless themselves,(W) following the surrounding nations the Lord had commanded them not to imitate.(X)

16 They abandoned all the commands of the Lord their God. They made cast images(Y) for themselves, two calves, and an Asherah pole.(Z) They bowed in worship to all the stars in the sky(AA) and served Baal.(AB) 17 They sacrificed their sons and daughters in the fire[e](AC) and practiced divination and interpreted omens.(AD) They devoted themselves to do what was evil in the Lord’s sight and angered him.(AE)

18 Therefore, the Lord was very angry with Israel, and he removed them from his presence.(AF) Only the tribe of Judah remained.(AG) 19 Even Judah did not keep the commands of the Lord their God(AH) but lived according to the customs Israel had practiced.(AI) 20 So the Lord rejected all the descendants of Israel, punished them, and handed them over to plunderers until he had banished them from his presence.(AJ)

Summary of Israel’s History

21 When the Lord tore(AK) Israel from the house of David, Israel made Jeroboam son of Nebat king.(AL) Then Jeroboam led Israel away from following the Lord and caused them to commit grave sin. 22 The Israelites persisted in all the sins that Jeroboam committed and did not turn away from them.(AM) 23 Finally, the Lord removed Israel from his presence just as he had declared through all his servants the prophets. So Israel has been exiled to Assyria from their homeland to this very day.(AN)

Foreign Refugees in Israel

24 Then the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath, and Sepharvaim and settled them in place of the Israelites in the cities of Samaria. The settlers took possession of Samaria and lived in its cities.(AO) 25 When they first lived there, they did not fear the Lord. So the Lord sent lions among them, which killed some of them.(AP) 26 The settlers said to the king of Assyria, “The nations that you have deported and placed in the cities of Samaria do not know the requirements of the god of the land. Therefore he has sent lions among them that are killing them because the people don’t know the requirements of the god of the land.”

27 Then the king of Assyria issued a command: “Send back one of the priests you deported.(AQ) Have him go and live there so he can teach them the requirements of the god of the land.” 28 So one of the priests they had deported came and lived in Bethel,(AR) and he began to teach them how they should fear the Lord.

29 But the people of each nation were still making their own gods in the cities where they lived and putting them in the shrines of the high places that the people of Samaria had made.(AS) 30 The men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, the men of Cuth made Nergal, the men of Hamath made Ashima, 31 the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burned their children in the fire(AT) to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. 32 They feared the Lord, but they also made from their ranks priests for the high places, who were working for them at the shrines of the high places.(AU) 33 They feared the Lord, but they also worshiped their own gods(AV) according to the practice of the nations from which they had been deported.

34 They are still observing the former practices to this day. None of them fear the Lord or observe the statutes and ordinances, the law and commandments that the Lord had commanded the descendants of Jacob, whom he had given the name Israel.(AW) 35 The Lord made a covenant with Jacob’s descendants and commanded them, “Do not fear other gods; do not bow in worship to them;(AX) do not serve them; do not sacrifice to them.(AY) 36 Instead fear the Lord, who brought you up from the land of Egypt with great power(AZ) and an outstretched arm.(BA) You are to bow down to him, and you are to sacrifice to him. 37 You are to be careful always(BB) to observe the statutes, the ordinances, the law, and the commandments he wrote for you; do not fear other gods. 38 Do not forget the covenant that I have made with you.(BC) Do not fear other gods, 39 but fear the Lord your God, and he will rescue you from all your enemies.”(BD)

40 However, these nations would not listen but continued observing their former practices. 41 They feared the Lord but also served their idols. Still today, their children and grandchildren continue doing as their ancestors did.(BE)

Judah’s King Hezekiah

18 In the third year of Israel’s King Hoshea(BF) son of Elah, Hezekiah(BG) son of Ahaz became king of Judah. He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Abi[f] daughter of Zechariah. He did what was right in the Lord’s sight just as his ancestor David had done.(BH) He removed the high places, shattered the sacred pillars, and cut down the Asherah poles.(BI) He broke into pieces the bronze snake that Moses made,(BJ) for until then the Israelites were burning incense to it. It was called Nehushtan.[g]

Hezekiah relied on the Lord God of Israel;(BK) not one of the kings of Judah was like him, either before him or after him.(BL) He remained faithful to the Lord(BM) and did not turn from following him but kept the commands the Lord had commanded Moses.

The Lord was with him, and wherever he went he prospered.(BN) He rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him.(BO) He defeated the Philistines as far as Gaza and its borders,(BP) from watchtower(BQ) to fortified city.

Review of Israel’s Fall

In the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Israel’s King Hoshea son of Elah, Assyria’s King Shalmaneser marched against Samaria and besieged it.(BR) 10 The Assyrians captured it at the end of three years. In the sixth year of Hezekiah, which was the ninth year of Israel’s King Hoshea, Samaria was captured. 11 The king of Assyria deported the Israelites to Assyria and put them in Halah, along the Habor (Gozan’s river), and in the cities of the Medes,(BS) 12 because they did not listen to the Lord their God but violated his covenant—all he had commanded Moses the servant of the Lord. They did not listen, and they did not obey.(BT)


  1. 17:4 Lit as year by year
  2. 17:7 Lit feared
  3. 17:9 Or Israelites spoke words
  4. 17:14 Lit they stiffened their neck like the neck of
  5. 17:17 Lit They made their sons and daughters pass through the fire
  6. 18:2 = Abijah in 2Ch 29:1
  7. 18:4 = A Bronze Thing

Cross references:

  1. 17:1 : 2Kg 15:30
  2. 17:2 : 2Kg 15:24,28
  3. 17:3 : Hs 10:14
  4. 17:3 : 2Kg 18:9–12
  5. 17:4 : Is 31:1
  6. 17:5 : 2Kg 18:9–10; Hs 13:16
  7. 17:6 : Hs 1:4; 13:16
  8. 17:6 : Dt 28:64; 29:27–28
  9. 17:6 : 1Ch 5:26
  10. 17:7 : Jos 24:5–7
  11. 17:7 : Jdg 6:10
  12. 17:8 : Lv 18:3; Dt 18:9
  13. 17:8 : 2Kg 16:3; 17:19
  14. 17:9 : 2Kg 18:8
  15. 17:10 : Ex 23:24
  16. 17:10 : 1Kg 14:15,23; 15:13; 2Kg 18:4
  17. 17:10 : Dt 12:2
  18. 17:12 : Ex 20:4–5
  19. 17:13 : Neh 9:29–30
  20. 17:13 : 1Kg 9:6–9; 18:18–21
  21. 17:14 : Ex 32:9; 33:3; Nm 14:11
  22. 17:15 : Ex 24:6–8
  23. 17:15 : Jr 2:5; Rm 1:21–23
  24. 17:15 : Dt 12:30–31
  25. 17:16 : 1Kg 12:28
  26. 17:16 : 1Kg 14:15,23
  27. 17:16 : 2Kg 21:3
  28. 17:16 : 1Kg 16:31–33; Am 5:26; Zph 1:5
  29. 17:17 : 2Kg 16:3
  30. 17:17 : Lv 19:26; Dt 18:10–12; 2Kg 16:3
  31. 17:17 : 1Kg 21:20
  32. 17:18 : 2Kg 17:6
  33. 17:18 : 1Kg 11:13,32,36
  34. 17:19 : 1Kg 14:22–23
  35. 17:19 : 2Kg 16:3
  36. 17:20 : 2Kg 15:29; 17:6
  37. 17:21 : 1Kg 11:11,31
  38. 17:21 : 1Kg 12:20
  39. 17:21–22 : 1Kg 12:28–33
  40. 17:23 : 2Kg 17:6,13
  41. 17:24 : Ezr 4:10
  42. 17:25 : 1Kg 13:24
  43. 17:27 : 2Kg 17:6
  44. 17:28 : 1Kg 12:29,32–33
  45. 17:29 : 1Kg 12:31; 13:32
  46. 17:31 : 2Kg 17:17
  47. 17:32 : Jdg 17:5–13; 1Kg 12:31; 13:33
  48. 17:33 : Zph 1:5
  49. 17:34 : Gn 32:28; 35:10
  50. 17:35 : Ex 20:5; Dt 5:9; Jdg 6:10
  51. 17:35 : Dt 5:9
  52. 17:36 : Ex 14:15–30
  53. 17:36 : Ex 6:6; 9:15
  54. 17:37 : Dt 5:32
  55. 17:38 : Dt 4:23; 6:12
  56. 17:39 : Ex 23:22; Dt 20:1–4; 23:14
  57. 17:41 : 1Kg 18:21; Ezr 4:2; Mt 6:24
  58. 18:1 : 2Kg 17:1
  59. 18:1 : 2Ch 28:27
  60. 18:2–3 : 2Ch 29:1–2
  61. 18:4 : 2Kg 17:10; 18:22; 2Ch 31:1
  62. 18:4 : Nm 21:5–9
  63. 18:5 : 2Kg 19:10
  64. 18:5 : 1Kg 3:12; 2Kg 23:25
  65. 18:6 : Dt 10:20; Jos 23:8
  66. 18:7 : Gn 39:2–3; 1Sm 18:14
  67. 18:7 : 2Kg 16:7
  68. 18:8 : 2Ch 28:18; Is 14:29
  69. 18:8 : 2Kg 17:9
  70. 18:9 : 2Kg 17:3–7
  71. 18:10–11 : 2Kg 17:6; 1Ch 5:26
  72. 18:12 : 1Kg 9:6; 2Kg 17:7–18; Dn 9:6,10
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Acts 20

Paul in Macedonia

20 After the uproar was over, Paul sent for the disciples, encouraged them, and after saying farewell, departed to go to Macedonia.(A) And when he had passed through those areas and offered them many words of encouragement, he came to Greece and stayed three months. The Jews plotted against him when he was about to set sail for Syria, and so he decided to go back through Macedonia.(B) He was accompanied[a] by Sopater son of Pyrrhus[b] from Berea, Aristarchus and Secundus from Thessalonica, Gaius from Derbe, Timothy,(C) and Tychicus(D) and Trophimus(E) from the province of Asia. These men went on ahead and waited for us in Troas,(F) but we sailed away from Philippi after the Festival of Unleavened Bread.(G) In five days we reached them at Troas, where we spent seven days.

Eutychus Revived at Troas

On the first day of the week, we[c] assembled to break bread.(H) Paul spoke to them, and since he was about to depart the next day, he kept on talking until midnight. There were many lamps in the room upstairs where we were assembled, and a young man named Eutychus was sitting on a window sill and sank into a deep sleep as Paul kept on talking. When he was overcome by sleep, he fell down from the third story and was picked up dead. 10 But Paul went down, bent over him, embraced him, and said, “Don’t be alarmed, because he’s alive.”(I) 11 After going upstairs, breaking the bread, and eating, Paul talked a long time until dawn. Then he left. 12 They brought the boy home alive and were greatly comforted.

From Troas to Miletus

13 We went on ahead to the ship and sailed for Assos, where we were going to take Paul on board, because these were his instructions, since he himself was going by land. 14 When he met us at Assos, we took him on board and went on to Mitylene. 15 Sailing from there, the next day we arrived off Chios. The following day we crossed over to Samos, and[d] the day after, we came to Miletus.(J) 16 For Paul had decided to sail past Ephesus to avoid spending time in the province of Asia, because he was hurrying to be in Jerusalem, if possible, for the day of Pentecost.(K)

Farewell Address to the Ephesian Elders

17 Now from Miletus, he sent to Ephesus and summoned the elders of the church. 18 When they came to him, he said to them, “You know, from the first day I set foot in Asia, how I was with you the whole time,(L) 19 serving the Lord with all humility, with tears, and during the trials that came to me through the plots of the Jews.(M) 20 You know that I did not avoid proclaiming to you anything that was profitable or from teaching you publicly and from house to house. 21 I testified to both Jews and Greeks about repentance toward God(N) and faith in our Lord Jesus.(O)

22 “And now I am on my way to Jerusalem, compelled by the Spirit,[e] not knowing what I will encounter there,(P) 23 except that in every town the Holy Spirit warns me that chains and afflictions are waiting for me.(Q) 24 But I consider my life of no value to myself; my purpose is to finish my course[f] and the ministry(R) I received from the Lord Jesus,(S) to testify to the gospel of God’s grace.

25 “And now I know that none of you, among whom I went about preaching the kingdom, will ever see me again. 26 Therefore I declare to you this day that I am innocent[g] of the blood of all of you,(T) 27 because I did not avoid declaring to you the whole plan of God.(U) 28 Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock(V) of which the Holy Spirit has appointed you as overseers,(W) to shepherd the church of God,[h] which he purchased with his own blood.(X) 29 I know that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock. 30 Men will rise up even from your own number and distort the truth to lure the disciples into following them.(Y) 31 Therefore be on the alert, remembering that night and day for three years I never stopped warning each one of you with tears.(Z)

32 “And now[i] I commit you to God and to the word of his grace,(AA) which is able to build you up and to give you an inheritance(AB) among all who are sanctified. 33 I have not coveted anyone’s silver or gold or clothing.(AC) 34 You yourselves know that I worked with my own hands to support myself and those who are with me.(AD) 35 In every way I’ve shown you that it is necessary to help the weak by laboring like this and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, because he said, ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’

36 After he said this, he knelt down and prayed with all of them.(AE) 37 There were many tears shed by everyone. They embraced Paul and kissed him, 38 grieving most of all over his statement that they would never see his face again. And they accompanied him to the ship.(AF)


  1. 20:4 Other mss add to Asia
  2. 20:4 Other mss omit son of Pyrrhus
  3. 20:7 Other mss read the disciples
  4. 20:15 Other mss add after staying at Trogyllium
  5. 20:22 Or in my spirit
  6. 20:24 Other mss add with joy
  7. 20:26 Lit clean
  8. 20:28 Some mss read church of the Lord; other mss read church of the Lord and God
  9. 20:32 Other mss add brothers and sisters