The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday April 24, 2024 (NIV)

Judges 2:10-3:31

10 That whole generation was also gathered to their ancestors. After them another generation rose up who did not know the Lord(A) or the works he had done for Israel.

11 The Israelites did what was evil in the Lord’s sight.(B) They worshiped the Baals(C) 12 and abandoned the Lord, the God of their ancestors, who had brought them out of Egypt. They followed other gods from the surrounding peoples(D) and bowed down to them. They angered the Lord,(E) 13 for they abandoned him and worshiped Baal and the Ashtoreths.(F)

14 The Lord’s anger burned against Israel, and he handed them over to marauders who raided them. He sold(G) them to the enemies around them, and they could no longer resist their enemies. 15 Whenever the Israelites went out, the Lord was against them(H) and brought disaster on them, just as he had promised and sworn to them.(I) So they suffered greatly.

16 The Lord raised up(J) judges, who saved them from the power of their marauders, 17 but they did not listen to their judges. Instead, they prostituted(K) themselves with other gods, bowing down to them. They quickly turned from the way(L) of their ancestors, who had walked in obedience to the Lord’s commands. They did not do as their ancestors did. 18 Whenever the Lord raised up a judge for the Israelites, the Lord was with(M) him and saved the people from the power of their enemies while the judge was still alive. The Lord was moved to pity whenever they groaned because of those who were oppressing and afflicting them. 19 Whenever the judge died, the Israelites would act even more corruptly(N) than their ancestors, following other gods to serve them and bow in worship to them. They did not turn from their evil practices or their obstinate(O) ways.

20 The Lord’s anger burned against Israel, and he declared, “Because this nation has violated my covenant(P) that I made with their ancestors(Q) and disobeyed me, 21 I will no longer drive out before them any of the nations Joshua left(R) when he died.(S) 22 I did this to test Israel and to see whether or not they would keep the Lord’s way(T) by walking in it, as their ancestors had.”(U) 23 The Lord left these nations and did not drive them out immediately. He did not hand them over to Joshua.

The Lord Tests Israel

These are the nations the Lord left in order to test all those in Israel who had experienced none of the wars in Canaan.(V) This was to teach the future generations of the Israelites how to fight in battle, especially those who had not fought before. These nations included the five rulers(W) of the Philistines(X) and all of the Canaanites, the Sidonians,(Y) and the Hivites(Z) who lived in the Lebanese mountains from Mount Baal-hermon as far as the entrance to Hamath.[a] The Lord left them to test Israel, to determine if they would keep the Lord’s commands he had given their ancestors through Moses.(AA) But they settled among the Canaanites, Hethites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. The Israelites took their daughters as wives for themselves, gave their own daughters to their sons, and worshiped their gods.(AB)

Othniel, the First Judge

The Israelites did what was evil in the Lord’s sight; they forgot the Lord their God(AC) and worshiped the Baals and the Asherahs. The Lord’s anger burned against Israel, and he sold them to King Cushan-rishathaim[b] of Aram-naharaim,[c](AD) and the Israelites served him eight years.

The Israelites cried out to the Lord.(AE) So the Lord raised up Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s youngest brother,(AF) as a deliverer(AG) to save the Israelites. 10 The Spirit of the Lord came on him, and he judged Israel. Othniel went out to battle, and the Lord handed over King Cushan-rishathaim of Aram to him, so that Othniel overpowered him. 11 Then the land had peace for(AH) forty years, and Othniel son of Kenaz died.


12 The Israelites again did what was evil in the Lord’s sight. He gave King Eglon of Moab(AI) power over Israel, because they had done what was evil in the Lord’s sight. 13 After Eglon convinced the Ammonites and the Amalekites to join forces with him, he attacked and defeated Israel and took possession of the City of Palms.[d](AJ) 14 The Israelites served King Eglon of Moab eighteen years.

15 Then the Israelites cried out to the Lord, and he raised up Ehud son of Gera, a left-handed(AK) Benjaminite,[e] as a deliverer for them. The Israelites sent him with the tribute(AL) for King Eglon of Moab.

16 Ehud made himself a double-edged sword eighteen inches long.[f] He strapped it to his right thigh under his clothes 17 and brought the tribute to King Eglon of Moab, who was an extremely fat man. 18 When Ehud had finished presenting the tribute, he dismissed the people who had carried it. 19 At the carved images near Gilgal he returned and said, “King Eglon, I have a secret message for you.” The king said, “Silence!” and all his attendants left him. 20 Then Ehud approached him while he was sitting alone in his upstairs room where it was cool. Ehud said, “I have a message from God for you,” and the king stood up from his throne. 21 Ehud reached with his left hand, took the sword from his right thigh, and plunged it into Eglon’s belly. 22 Even the handle went in after the blade, and Eglon’s fat closed in over it, so that Ehud did not withdraw the sword from his belly. And the waste came out.[g] 23 Ehud escaped by way of the porch, closing and locking the doors of the upstairs room behind him.

24 Ehud was gone when Eglon’s servants came in. They looked and found the doors of the upstairs room locked and thought he was relieving himself[h] in the cool room. 25 The servants waited until they became embarrassed and saw that he had still not opened the doors of the upstairs room. So they took the key and opened the doors—and there was their lord lying dead on the floor!

26 Ehud escaped while the servants waited. He passed the Jordan near the carved images and reached Seirah. 27 After he arrived, he sounded the ram’s horn throughout the hill country of Ephraim. The Israelites came down with him from the hill country, and he became their leader. 28 He told them, “Follow me, because the Lord has handed over your enemies, the Moabites, to you.” So they followed him, captured the fords of the Jordan leading to Moab, and did not allow anyone to cross over.(AM) 29 At that time they struck down about ten thousand Moabites, all stout and able-bodied men. Not one of them escaped. 30 Moab became subject to Israel that day, and the land had peace for eighty years.


31 After Ehud, Shamgar son of Anath became judge. He also delivered Israel, striking down six hundred Philistines with a cattle prod.


  1. 3:3 Or as Lebo-hamath
  2. 3:8 Lit Doubly-Evil
  3. 3:8 = Mesopotamia
  4. 3:13 = Jericho; Dt 34:3; Jdg 1:16; 2Ch 28:15
  5. 3:15 = son of the right hand
  6. 3:16 Lit sword a gomed in length
  7. 3:22 Or And Eglon’s bowels discharged
  8. 3:24 Lit was covering his feet
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Luke 22:14-34

The First Lord’s Supper

14 When(A) the hour came, he reclined at the table, and the apostles with him. 15 Then he said to them, “I have fervently desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again[a] until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”(B) 17 Then he took a cup,(C) and after giving thanks,(D) he said, “Take this and share it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you, from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”

19 And he took bread, gave thanks, broke it, gave it to them, and said, “This is my body,(E) which is given for you. Do this in remembrance (F) of me.”

20 In the same way he also took the cup after supper and said, “This cup is the new covenant(G) in my blood,(H) which is poured out for you.[b] 21 But(I) look, the hand of the one betraying me is at the table with me.(J) 22 For the Son of Man will go away as it has been determined,(K) but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!”

23 So they began to argue(L) among themselves which of them it could be who was going to do it.

The Dispute over Greatness

24 Then a dispute also arose among them about who should be considered the greatest.(M) 25 But he said to them,(N) “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who have authority over them have themselves called[c] ‘Benefactors.’ 26 It is not to be like that among you. On the contrary, whoever is greatest among you should become like the youngest,(O) and whoever leads, like the one serving. 27 For who is greater, the one at the table or the one serving? Isn’t it the one at the table? But I am among you as the one who serves.(P) 28 You are those who stood by me in my trials.(Q) 29 I bestow on you a kingdom,(R) just as my Father bestowed one on me, 30 so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom.(S) And you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.(T)

Peter’s Denial Predicted

31 “Simon, Simon,[d] look out. Satan(U) has asked to sift you[e] like wheat.(V) 32 But I have prayed(W) for you[f] that your faith may not fail. And you, when you have turned back, strengthen(X) your brothers.”

33 “Lord,”(Y) he told him, “I’m ready to go with you both to prison and to death.”

34 “I tell you, Peter,” he said, “the rooster will not crow today until[g] you deny three times that you know me.”


  1. 22:16 Other mss omit again
  2. 22:19–20 Other mss omit which is given for you (v. 19) through the end of v. 20
  3. 22:25 Or them call themselves
  4. 22:31 Other mss read Then the Lord said, “Simon, Simon
  5. 22:31 you is plural in Gk
  6. 22:32 you is singular in Gk
  7. 22:34 Other mss read before
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Psalm 92-93

Psalm 92

God’s Love and Faithfulness

A psalm. A song for the Sabbath day.

It is good to give thanks to the Lord,
to sing praise to your name, Most High,(A)
to declare your faithful love in the morning
and your faithfulness at night,(B)
with a ten-stringed harp[a]
and the music of a lyre.(C)

For you have made me rejoice, Lord,
by what you have done;
I will shout for joy
because of the works of your hands.(D)
How magnificent are your works, Lord,
how profound your thoughts!(E)
A stupid person does not know,
a fool does not understand this:(F)
though the wicked sprout like grass(G)
and all evildoers flourish,
they will be eternally destroyed.(H)
But you, Lord, are exalted forever.(I)
For indeed, Lord, your enemies—
indeed, your enemies will perish;
all evildoers will be scattered.(J)
10 You have lifted up my horn(K)
like that of a wild ox;
I have been anointed[b] with the finest oil.(L)
11 My eyes look at my enemies;
when evildoers rise against me,
my ears hear them.(M)

12 The righteous thrive like a palm tree
and grow like a cedar tree in Lebanon.(N)
13 Planted in the house of the Lord,
they thrive in the courts of our God.(O)
14 They will still bear fruit in old age,
healthy and green,(P)
15 to declare, “The Lord is just;
he is my rock,
and there is no unrighteousness in him.”(Q)

Psalm 93

God’s Eternal Reign

The Lord reigns! He is robed in majesty;
the Lord is robed, enveloped in strength.
The world is firmly established;
it cannot be shaken.(R)
Your throne has been established
from the beginning;[c]
you are from eternity.(S)
The floods have lifted up, Lord,
the floods have lifted up their voice;
the floods lift up their pounding waves.(T)
Greater than the roar of a huge torrent—
the mighty breakers of the sea—
the Lord on high is majestic.(U)

Lord, your testimonies are completely reliable;(V)
holiness adorns your house
for all the days to come.(W)


  1. 92:3 Or ten-stringed instrument and a harp
  2. 92:10 Syr reads you have anointed me
  3. 93:2 Lit from then
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Proverbs 14:1-2

14 Every wise woman builds her house,(A)
but a foolish one tears it down with her own hands.(B)

Whoever lives with integrity fears the Lord,(C)
but the one who is devious in his ways despises him.(D)

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday April 23, 2024 (NIV)

Judges 1:1-2:9

Judah’s Leadership against the Canaanites

After the death of Joshua,(A) the Israelites inquired of the Lord,(B) “Who will be the first to fight for us against the Canaanites?”

The Lord answered, “Judah(C) is to go.(D) I have handed the land over to him.”(E)

Judah said to his brother Simeon, “Come with me to my allotted territory, and let’s fight against the Canaanites. I will also go with you to your allotted territory.” So Simeon went with him.

When Judah attacked, the Lord handed the Canaanites and Perizzites(F) over to them. They struck down ten thousand men in Bezek.(G) They found Adoni-bezek in Bezek, fought against him, and struck down the Canaanites and Perizzites.

When Adoni-bezek fled, they pursued him, caught him, and cut off his thumbs and big toes.(H) Adoni-bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to pick up scraps[a] under my table. God has repaid me for what I have done.” They brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.

The men of Judah fought against Jerusalem, captured it, put it to the sword, and set the city on fire. Afterward, the men of Judah marched down to fight against the Canaanites who were living in the hill country, the Negev, and the Judean foothills.[b] 10 Judah also marched against the Canaanites who were living in Hebron(I) (Hebron was formerly named Kiriath-arba(J)). They struck down Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai.(K) 11 From there they marched against the residents of Debir(L) (Debir was formerly named Kiriath-sepher).

12 Caleb(M) said, “Whoever attacks and captures Kiriath-sepher, I will give my daughter Achsah(N) to him as a wife.” 13 So Othniel(O) son of Kenaz, Caleb’s youngest brother, captured it, and Caleb gave his daughter Achsah to him as his wife.

14 When she arrived, she persuaded Othniel to ask her father for a field. As she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What do you want?” 15 She answered him, “Give me a blessing. Since you have given me land in the Negev,(P) give me springs also.” So Caleb gave her both the upper and lower springs.(Q)

16 The descendants of the Kenite, Moses’s father-in-law,(R) had gone up with the men of Judah from the City of Palms[c](S) to the Wilderness of Judah, which was in the Negev of Arad.(T) They went to live among the people.

17 Judah went with his brother Simeon, struck the Canaanites who were living in Zephath, and completely destroyed the town. So they named the town Hormah.(U) 18 Judah captured Gaza and its territory, Ashkelon and its territory, and Ekron and its territory. 19 The Lord was with(V) Judah and enabled them to take possession of the hill country, but they could not drive out(W) the people who were living in the plain because those people had iron chariots.(X)

20 Judah gave Hebron to Caleb, just as Moses had promised.(Y) Then Caleb drove out the three sons of Anak(Z) who lived there.

Benjamin’s Failure

21 At the same time the Benjaminites did not drive out the Jebusites who were living in Jerusalem. The Jebusites have lived among the Benjaminites in Jerusalem to this day.(AA)

Success of the House of Joseph

22 The house of Joseph also attacked Bethel, and the Lord was with(AB) them. 23 They sent spies to Bethel (the town was formerly named Luz(AC)). 24 The spies saw a man coming out of the town and said to him, “Please show us how to get into town, and we will show you kindness.”(AD) 25 When he showed them the way into the town, they put the town to the sword but released the man and his entire family. 26 Then the man went to the land of the Hittites, built a town, and named it Luz. That is its name still today.

Failure of the Other Tribes

27 At that time Manasseh failed to take possession of Beth-shean(AE) and Taanach(AF) and their surrounding villages, or the residents of Dor,(AG) Ibleam,(AH) and Megiddo(AI) and their surrounding villages; the Canaanites were determined to stay in this land.(AJ) 28 When Israel became stronger, they made the Canaanites serve as forced labor but never drove them out completely.(AK)

29 At that time Ephraim failed to drive out the Canaanites who were living in Gezer, so the Canaanites have lived among them in Gezer.(AL)

30 Zebulun failed to drive out the residents of Kitron or the residents of Nahalol,(AM) so the Canaanites lived among them and served as forced labor.

31 Asher failed to drive out the residents of Acco or of Sidon, or Ahlab, Achzib, Helbah, Aphik, or Rehob. 32 The Asherites lived among the Canaanites who were living in the land, because they failed to drive them out.

33 Naphtali did not drive out the residents of Beth-shemesh or the residents of Beth-anath. They lived among the Canaanites who were living in the land, but the residents of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath served as their forced labor.

34 The Amorites(AN) forced the Danites into the hill country and did not allow them to go down into the valley. 35 The Amorites were determined to stay in Har-heres, Aijalon,(AO) and Shaalbim. When the house of Joseph got the upper hand, the Amorites were made to serve as forced labor. 36 The territory of the Amorites extended from the Scorpions’ Ascent,(AP) that is from Sela(AQ) upward.

Pattern of Sin and Judgment

The angel of the Lord(AR) went up from Gilgal to Bochim and said, “I brought you out of Egypt and led you into the land(AS) I had promised to your ancestors.(AT) I also said: I will never break my covenant with you. You are not to make a covenant(AU) with the inhabitants of this land. You are to tear down their altars.(AV) But you have not obeyed me. What have you done? Therefore, I now say: I will not drive out these people before you.(AW) They will be thorns[d] in your sides,(AX) and their gods will be a trap for you.”(AY) When the angel of the Lord had spoken these words to all the Israelites, the people wept loudly. So they named that place Bochim[e] and offered sacrifices there to the Lord.

Joshua’s Death

Previously, when Joshua had sent the people away, the Israelites had gone to take possession of the land, each to his own inheritance.(AZ) The people worshiped the Lord throughout Joshua’s lifetime and during the lifetimes of the elders who outlived Joshua. They had seen all the Lord’s great works(BA) he had done for Israel.

Joshua son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died at the age of 110. They buried him in the territory of his inheritance, in Timnath-heres, in the hill country of Ephraim,(BB) north of Mount Gaash.


  1. 1:7 Lit toes cut off are gathering
  2. 1:9 Or the Shephelah
  3. 1:16 = Jericho; Dt 34:3; Jdg 3:13; 2Ch 28:15
  4. 2:3 Lit traps
  5. 2:5 Or Weeping

Cross references:

  1. 1:1 : Jos 1:1; 24:29–31
  2. 1:1 : Jdg 20:23,27; 1Sm 10:22; 23:2,4; 28:6
  3. 1:2 : Gn 29:35; 49:8–12
  4. 1:1–2 : Jdg 20:18
  5. 1:2 : Gn 35:12; Ex 6:8
  6. 1:4 : Gn 13:7; Dt 7:1; Jos 3:10; Ezr 9:1
  7. 1:4 : 1Sm 11:8
  8. 1:6 : 2Sm 4:12
  9. 1:10 : Gn 13:18; 23:2
  10. 1:10 : Gn 23:2; 35:27; Jos 14:15
  11. 1:10 : Nm 13:22; Jos 15:13–14
  12. 1:11 : Jos 10:38–39; 11:21; 15:7; 21:15; 1Ch 6:58
  13. 1:12 : Nm 13:6,13; 14:6,24,30,38; 26:65; 32:12
  14. 1:12 : 1Ch 2:49
  15. 1:13 : Jdg 3:9,11; 1Ch 4:13
  16. 1:15 : Gn 12:9; 13:1,3; Nm 13:17,22,29; 2Sm 24:7; Ps 126:4
  17. 1:11–15 : Jos 15:15–19
  18. 1:16 : Ex 2:18; 3:1; 4:18; 18:1–12; Nm 10:29
  19. 1:16 : Dt 34:3; Jdg 3:13; 2Ch 28:15
  20. 1:16 : Nm 21:1; 33:40; Jos 12:14
  21. 1:17 : Nm 21:3; Dt 1:44
  22. 1:19 : Gn 39:2,21; Jos 6:27; Jdg 2:18; 1Sm 18:12
  23. 1:19 : Jos 15:63
  24. 1:19 : Jos 17:16,18; Jdg 4:3,13
  25. 1:20 : Dt 1:36; Jos 14:9
  26. 1:20 : Nm 13:22
  27. 1:21 : Jos 15:63
  28. 1:22 : Gn 39:2,21; Jos 6:27; Jdg 2:18; 1Sm 18:12
  29. 1:23 : Gn 28:19; 35:6; 48:3
  30. 1:24 : Jos 2:12,14; 2Sm 9:1,3,7
  31. 1:27 : Jos 17:11,16; 1Sm 31:10,12; 2Sm 21:12
  32. 1:27 : Jos 21:25; Jdg 5:19
  33. 1:27 : Jos 11:2; 12:23; 17:11; 1Kg 4:11
  34. 1:27 : Jos 17:11; 2Kg 9:27
  35. 1:27 : Jdg 5:19; 1Kg 9:15; 2Kg 23:29–30
  36. 1:27 : Jdg 1:35; Hs 5:11
  37. 1:27–28 : Jos 17:12–13
  38. 1:29 : Jos 16:10
  39. 1:30 : Jos 19:15; 21:35
  40. 1:34 : Ex 3:8; Nm 13:29; 21:31; Jos 2:10
  41. 1:35 : Jos 10:12; 1Sm 14:31; 1Ch 8:13; 2Ch 28:18
  42. 1:36 : Nm 34:4; Jos 15:3
  43. 1:36 : 2Kg 14:7; Is 16:1
  44. 2:1 : Gn 22:11; Ex 3:2; Ps 34:7; 35:5–6
  45. 2:1 : Ex 6:8; Nm 14:3,8; Ezk 20:15
  46. 2:1 : Nm 14:23; Dt 6:10,23; 10:11; Jos 1:6
  47. 2:2 : Ex 23:32; Dt 7:2
  48. 2:2 : Ex 34:13; Dt 7:5; 12:3; Jdg 6:30–32; 2Ch 34:7
  49. 2:3 : Ex 23:29
  50. 2:3 : Nm 33:55
  51. 2:3 : Ex 23:33; 34:12; Dt 7:16; Jos 23:13
  52. 2:6 : Dt 9:4; 11:31; Jos 1:11; 18:3; Jdg 18:9; Neh 9:15
  53. 2:7 : Dt 11:7
  54. 2:9 : Jos 19:50; 1Sm 1:1; 14:22; 1Ch 6:67
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Luke 21:29-22:13

The Parable of the Fig Tree

29 Then he told them a parable: “Look at the fig tree, and all the trees. 30 As soon as they put out leaves you can see for yourselves and recognize that summer is already near. 31 In the same way, when you see these things happening, recognize[a] that the kingdom of God is near. 32 Truly I tell you, this generation will certainly not pass away until all things take place.(A) 33 Heaven and earth will pass away,(B) but my words will never pass away.(C)

The Need for Watchfulness

34 “Be on your guard,(D) so that your minds are not dulled[b] from carousing,[c] drunkenness,(E) and worries of life,(F) or that day will come on you unexpectedly(G) 35 like a trap. For it will come on all who live on the face of the whole earth. 36 But be alert at all times,(H) praying that you may have strength[d] to escape(I) all these things that are going to take place and to stand before the Son of Man.”

37 During(J) the day, he was teaching in the temple,(K) but in the evening he would go out and spend the night on what is called the Mount of Olives.(L) 38 Then all the people would come early in the morning to hear him in the temple.(M)

The Plot to Kill Jesus

22 The(N) Festival of Unleavened Bread,(O) which is called Passover,(P) was approaching. The chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to put him to death,(Q) because they were afraid of the people.(R)

Then(S) Satan entered Judas,(T) called Iscariot,(U) who was numbered among the Twelve. He went away and discussed with the chief priests and temple police(V) how he could hand him over(W) to them. They were glad and agreed to give him silver.[e] So he accepted the offer and started looking for a good opportunity to betray him to them when the crowd was not present.

Preparation for Passover

Then(X) the Day of Unleavened Bread came when the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.(Y) Jesus sent Peter and John,(Z) saying, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.”

“Where do you want us to prepare it?” they asked him.

10 “Listen,” he said to them, “when you’ve entered the city, a man carrying a water jug will meet you. Follow him into the house he enters. 11 Tell the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher asks you, “Where is the guest room where I can eat the Passover with my disciples?”’ 12 Then he will show you a large, furnished room upstairs.(AA) Make the preparations there.”

13 So they went and found it just as he had told them,(AB) and they prepared the Passover.


  1. 21:31 Or you know
  2. 21:34 Lit your hearts are not weighed down
  3. 21:34 Or hangovers
  4. 21:36 Other mss read you may be counted worthy
  5. 22:5 Or money
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Psalm 90-91


(Psalms 90–106)

Psalm 90

Eternal God and Mortal Man

A prayer of Moses, the man of God.

Lord, you have been our refuge[a]
in every generation.(A)
Before the mountains were born,
before you gave birth to the earth and the world,
from eternity to eternity, you are God.(B)

You return mankind to the dust,
saying, “Return, descendants of Adam.”(C)
For in your sight a thousand years
are like yesterday that passes by,
like a few hours of the night.(D)
You end their lives;[b] they sleep.(E)
They are like grass that grows in the morning—
in the morning it sprouts and grows;
by evening it withers and dries up.(F)

For we are consumed by your anger;
we are terrified by your wrath.(G)
You have set our iniquities before you,
our secret sins in the light of your presence.(H)
For all our days ebb away under your wrath;
we end our years like a sigh.(I)
10 Our lives last[c] seventy years
or, if we are strong, eighty years.
Even the best of them are[d] struggle and sorrow;
indeed, they pass quickly and we fly away.(J)
11 Who understands the power of your anger?
Your wrath matches the fear that is due you.(K)
12 Teach us to number our days carefully
so that we may develop wisdom in our hearts.[e](L)

13 Lord—how long?
Turn and have compassion on your servants.(M)
14 Satisfy us in the morning with your faithful love
so that we may shout with joy and be glad all our days.(N)
15 Make us rejoice for as many days as you have humbled us,
for as many years as we have seen adversity.(O)
16 Let your work be seen by your servants,
and your splendor by their children.(P)
17 Let the favor of the Lord our God be on us;
establish for us the work of our hands—
establish the work of our hands!(Q)

Psalm 91

The Protection of the Most High

The one who lives under the protection of the Most High
dwells in the shadow of the Almighty.(R)

I will say[f] concerning the Lord, who is my refuge and my fortress,
my God in whom I trust:(S)
He himself will rescue you from the bird trap,(T)
from the destructive plague.
He will cover you with his feathers;
you will take refuge under his wings.(U)
His faithfulness will be a protective shield.(V)
You will not fear the terror of the night,
the arrow that flies by day,(W)
the plague that stalks in darkness,
or the pestilence that ravages at noon.(X)
Though a thousand fall at your side
and ten thousand at your right hand,
the pestilence will not reach you.(Y)
You will only see it with your eyes
and witness the punishment of the wicked.(Z)

Because you have made the Lord—my refuge,(AA)
the Most High—your dwelling place,(AB)
10 no harm will come to you;
no plague will come near your tent.(AC)
11 For he will give his angels orders concerning you,
to protect you in all your ways.(AD)
12 They will support you with their hands
so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.(AE)
13 You will tread on the lion and the cobra;
you will trample the young lion and the serpent.(AF)

14 Because he has his heart set on me,
I will deliver him;
I will protect him because he knows my name.(AG)
15 When he calls out to me, I will answer him;
I will be with him in trouble.
I will rescue him and give him honor.(AH)
16 I will satisfy him with a long life(AI)
and show him my salvation.(AJ)


  1. 90:1 Some Hb mss, LXX; other Hb mss read dwelling place
  2. 90:5 Or You overwhelm them; Hb obscure
  3. 90:10 Lit The days of our years in them
  4. 90:10 LXX, Tg, Syr, Vg read Even their span is; Hb obscure
  5. 90:12 Or develop a heart of wisdom
  6. 91:1–2 LXX, Syr, Jer read Almighty, saying, or Almighty, he will say
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Proverbs 13:24-25

24 The one who will not use the rod hates his son,(A)
but the one who loves him disciplines him diligently.(B)

25 A righteous person eats until he is satisfied,
but the stomach of the wicked is empty.(C)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday April 22, 2024 (NIV)

Joshua 24

Review of Israel’s History

24 Joshua assembled all the tribes of Israel at Shechem(A) and summoned Israel’s elders, leaders, judges, and officers, and they presented themselves before God.(B) Joshua said to all the people, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘Long ago your ancestors, including Terah,(C) the father of Abraham and Nahor, lived beyond the Euphrates River and worshiped other gods. But I took your father Abraham from the region beyond the Euphrates River, led him throughout the land of Canaan, and multiplied his descendants.(D) I gave him Isaac,(E) and to Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau.(F) I gave the hill country of Seir to Esau as a possession.(G)

“‘Jacob and his sons, however, went down to Egypt.(H) I sent Moses and Aaron,(I) and I defeated Egypt by what I did within it, and afterward I brought you out. When I brought your ancestors out of Egypt and you reached the Red Sea,(J) the Egyptians pursued your ancestors with chariots and horsemen as far as the sea. Your ancestors cried out to the Lord, so he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea over them, engulfing them. Your own eyes saw what I did to Egypt. After that, you lived in the wilderness a long time.

“‘Later, I brought you to the land of the Amorites who lived beyond the Jordan.(K) They fought against you, but I handed them over to you. You possessed their land, and I annihilated them before you. Balak son of Zippor, king of Moab,(L) set out to fight against Israel. He sent for Balaam son of Beor to curse you, 10 but I would not listen to Balaam. Instead, he repeatedly blessed you, and I rescued you from him.

11 “‘You then crossed the Jordan and came to Jericho.(M) Jericho’s citizens—as well as the Amorites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hethites, Girgashites, Hivites, and Jebusites—fought against you, but I handed them over to you. 12 I sent hornets[a](N) ahead of you, and they drove out the two Amorite kings(O) before you. It was not by your sword or bow. 13 I gave you a land you did not labor for, and cities you did not build,(P) though you live in them; you are eating from vineyards and olive groves you did not plant.’

The Covenant Renewal

14 “Therefore, fear the Lord and worship him in sincerity and truth.(Q) Get rid of the gods your ancestors worshiped(R) beyond the Euphrates River and in Egypt, and worship the Lord. 15 But if it doesn’t please you to worship the Lord, choose for yourselves today: Which will you worship—the gods your ancestors worshiped beyond the Euphrates River or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living?(S) As for me and my family, we will worship the Lord.”

16 The people replied, “We will certainly not abandon the Lord to worship other gods! 17 For the Lord our God brought us and our ancestors out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of slavery,(T) and performed these great signs before our eyes. He also protected us all along the way we went and among all the peoples whose lands we traveled through. 18 The Lord drove out before us all the peoples, including the Amorites who lived in the land. We too will worship the Lord, because he is our God.”

19 But Joshua told the people, “You will not be able to worship the Lord, because he is a holy God. He is a jealous God;(U) he will not forgive your transgressions and sins.(V) 20 If you abandon the Lord and worship foreign gods, he will turn against you, harm you, and completely destroy(W) you, after he has been good to you.”

21 “No!” the people answered Joshua. “We will worship the Lord.”

22 Joshua then told the people, “You are witnesses against yourselves that you yourselves have chosen to worship the Lord.”

“We are witnesses,” they said.

23 “Then get rid of the foreign gods that are among you and turn your hearts to the Lord, the God of Israel.”

24 So the people said to Joshua, “We will worship the Lord our God and obey him.”

25 On that day Joshua made a covenant for the people at Shechem and established a statute and ordinance for them. 26 Joshua recorded these things in the book of the law of God;(X) he also took a large stone and set it up there under the oak at the sanctuary of the Lord. 27 And Joshua said to all the people, “You see this stone—it will be a witness against us,(Y) for it has heard all the words the Lord said to us, and it will be a witness against you, so that you will not deny your God.” 28 Then Joshua sent the people away, each to his own inheritance.

Burial of Three Leaders

29 After these things, the Lord’s servant, Joshua son of Nun, died at the age of 110. 30 They buried him in his allotted territory at Timnath-serah, in the hill country of Ephraim(Z) north of Mount Gaash. 31 Israel worshiped the Lord throughout Joshua’s lifetime and during the lifetimes of the elders who outlived Joshua(AA) and who had experienced all the works the Lord had done for Israel.

32 Joseph’s bones, which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt,(AB) were buried at Shechem in the parcel of land Jacob had purchased from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of silver.[b](AC) It was an inheritance for Joseph’s descendants.

33 And Eleazar son of Aaron died, and they buried him at Gibeah,[c] which had been given to his son Phinehas(AD) in the hill country of Ephraim.


  1. 24:12 Or sent terror
  2. 24:32 Lit a hundred qesitahs
  3. 24:33 = the Hill
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Luke 21:1-28

The Widow’s Gift

21 He(A) looked up and saw the rich dropping their offerings into the temple treasury.(B) He also saw a poor widow dropping in two tiny coins.[a](C) “Truly I tell you,” he said, “this poor widow has put in more than all of them.(D) For all these people have put in gifts out of their surplus, but she out of her poverty has put in all she had to live on.”

Destruction of the Temple Predicted

As(E) some were talking about the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful stones and gifts dedicated to God, he said, “These things that you see—the days will come(F) when not one stone will be left on another that will not be thrown down.”(G)

Signs of the End of the Age

“Teacher,” they asked him, “so when will these things happen? And what will be the sign when these things are about to take place?” (H)

Then he said, “Watch out that you are not deceived.(I) For many will come in my name,(J) saying, ‘I am he,’(K) and, ‘The time is near.’ Don’t follow them.(L) When you hear of wars and rebellions,[b] don’t be alarmed. Indeed, it is necessary that these things take place first, but the end won’t come right away.”

10 Then he told them, “Nation will be raised up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.(M) 11 There will be violent earthquakes,(N) and famines and plagues(O) in various places, and there will be terrifying sights and great signs from heaven.(P) 12 But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you(Q) and persecute(R) you. They will hand you over to the synagogues(S) and prisons,(T) and you will be brought before kings and governors(U) because of my name. 13 This will give you an opportunity to bear witness.(V) 14 Therefore make up your minds[c] not to prepare your defense ahead of time,(W) 15 for I will give you such words(X) and a wisdom(Y) that none of your adversaries will be able to resist or contradict.(Z) 16 You will even be betrayed by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends.(AA) They will kill some of you. 17 You will be hated by everyone because of my name,(AB) 18 but not a hair of your head will be lost.(AC) 19 By your endurance, gain[d] your lives.(AD)

The Destruction of Jerusalem

20 “When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies,(AE) then recognize that its desolation(AF) has come near. 21 Then those in Judea must flee(AG) to the mountains.(AH) Those inside the city must leave it, and those who are in the country must not enter it, 22 because these are days of vengeance(AI) to fulfill all the things that are written. 23 Woe to pregnant women and nursing mothers in those days,(AJ) for there will be great distress in the land[e] and wrath against this people. 24 They will be killed by the sword[f](AK) and be led captive into all the nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled by the Gentiles[g](AL) until the times of the Gentiles(AM) are fulfilled.

The Coming of the Son of Man

25 “Then there will be signs in the sun, moon, and stars; (AN) and there will be anguish on the earth among nations bewildered by the roaring of the sea and the waves.(AO) 26 People will faint from fear and expectation of the things that are coming on the world, because the powers of the heavens will be shaken.(AP) 27 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud(AQ) with power and great glory.(AR) 28 But when these things begin to take place, stand up and lift your heads, because your redemption is near.”(AS)


  1. 21:2 Lit two lepta; the lepton was the smallest and least valuable Gk coin in use.
  2. 21:9 Or insurrections, or revolutions, or chaos
  3. 21:14 Lit Therefore place (determine) in your hearts
  4. 21:19 Other mss read endurance, you will gain
  5. 21:23 Or the earth
  6. 21:24 Lit will fall by the edge of the sword
  7. 21:24 Or nations
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Psalm 89:38-52

38 But you have spurned and rejected him;
you have become enraged with your anointed.(A)
39 You have repudiated the covenant with your servant;
you have completely dishonored his crown.[a](B)
40 You have broken down all his walls;
you have reduced his fortified cities to ruins.(C)
41 All who pass by plunder him;(D)
he has become an object of ridicule
to his neighbors.(E)
42 You have lifted high the right hand of his foes;
you have made all his enemies rejoice.(F)
43 You have also turned back his sharp sword
and have not let him stand in battle.(G)
44 You have made his splendor[b] cease
and have overturned his throne.(H)
45 You have shortened the days of his youth;
you have covered him with shame.(I)Selah

46 How long, Lord? Will you hide forever?
Will your anger keep burning like fire?(J)
47 Remember how short my life is.
Have you created everyone for nothing?(K)
48 What courageous person can live and never see death?
Who can save himself from the power of Sheol?(L)Selah
49 Lord, where are the former acts of your faithful love
that you swore to David in your faithfulness?(M)
50 Remember, Lord, the ridicule against your servants—
in my heart I carry abuse from all the peoples—
51 how your enemies have ridiculed, Lord,
how they have ridiculed every step of your anointed.(N)

52 Blessed be the Lord forever.
Amen and amen.(O)


  1. 89:39 Lit have dishonored his crown to the ground
  2. 89:44 Hb obscure
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Proverbs 13:20-23

20 The one who walks with the wise will become wise,
but a companion of fools will suffer harm.

21 Disaster pursues sinners,
but good rewards the righteous.(A)

22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his[a] grandchildren,
but the sinner’s wealth is stored up for the righteous.(B)

23 The uncultivated field of the poor yields abundant food,
but without justice, it is swept away.


  1. 13:22 Or inheritance: his
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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday April 21, 2024 (NIV)

Joshua 22:21-23:16

21 The Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh answered the heads of the Israelite clans, 22 “The Mighty One, God, the Lord! The Mighty One, God, the Lord![a](A) He knows,(B) and may Israel also know. Do not spare us today, if it was in rebellion or treachery against the Lord 23 that we have built for ourselves an altar to turn away from him. May the Lord himself hold us accountable if we intended to offer burnt offerings and grain offerings on it, or to sacrifice fellowship offerings on it. 24 We actually did this from a specific concern that in the future your descendants might say to our descendants, ‘What relationship do you have with the Lord, the God of Israel? 25 For the Lord has made the Jordan a border between us and you descendants of Reuben and Gad. You have no share in the Lord!’ So your descendants may cause our descendants to stop fearing the Lord.

26 “Therefore we said: Let’s take action and build an altar for ourselves, but not for burnt offering or sacrifice. 27 Instead, it is to be a witness between us and you,(C) and between the generations after us, so that we may carry out the worship of the Lord in his presence with our burnt offerings, sacrifices, and fellowship offerings.(D) Then in the future, your descendants will not be able to say to our descendants, ‘You have no share in the Lord!’ 28 We thought that if they said this to us or to our generations in the future, we would reply: Look at the replica of the Lord’s altar that our ancestors made, not for burnt offering or sacrifice, but as a witness between us and you. 29 We would never ever rebel against the Lord or turn away from him today by building an altar for burnt offering, grain offering, or sacrifice, other than the altar of the Lord our God, which is in front of his tabernacle.”

Conflict Resolved

30 When the priest Phinehas and the community leaders, the heads of Israel’s clans who were with him, heard what the descendants of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh had to say, they were pleased. 31 Phinehas son of Eleazar the priest said to the descendants of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh, “Today we know that the Lord is among us, because you have not committed this treachery against him.(E) As a result, you have rescued the Israelites from the Lord’s power.”

32 Then the priest Phinehas son of Eleazar and the leaders returned from the Reubenites and Gadites in the land of Gilead to the Israelites in the land of Canaan and brought back a report to them. 33 The Israelites were pleased with the report, and they blessed God.(F) They spoke no more about going to war against them to ravage the land where the Reubenites and Gadites lived. 34 So the Reubenites and Gadites named the altar: It[b] is a witness between us that the Lord is God.

Joshua’s Farewell Address

23 A long time after the Lord had given Israel rest from all the enemies around them,(G) Joshua was old, advanced in age.(H) So Joshua summoned all Israel, including its elders, leaders, judges, and officers,(I) and said to them, “I am old, advanced in age, and you have seen for yourselves everything the Lord your God did to all these nations on your account, because it was the Lord your God who was fighting for you.(J) See, I have allotted these remaining nations to you as an inheritance for your tribes,(K) including all the nations I have destroyed, from the Jordan westward to the Mediterranean Sea. The Lord your God will force them back on your account and drive them out before you so that you can take possession of their land,(L) as the Lord your God promised you.

“Be very strong(M) and continue obeying all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, so that you do not turn from it to the right or left and so that you do not associate with these nations remaining among you. Do not call on the names of their gods or make an oath to them;(N) do not serve them or bow in worship to them. Instead, be loyal to the Lord your God, as you have been to this day.(O)

“The Lord has driven out great and powerful nations before you,(P) and no one is able to stand against you to this day.(Q) 10 One of you routed a thousand(R) because the Lord your God was fighting for you, as he promised.[c](S) 11 So diligently watch yourselves! Love the Lord your God! 12 If you ever turn away and become loyal to the rest of these nations remaining among you,(T) and if you intermarry or associate with them(U) and they with you, 13 know for certain that the Lord your God will not continue to drive these nations out before you. They will become a snare and a trap for you,(V) a sharp stick[d] for your sides and thorns in your eyes, until you disappear from this good land the Lord your God has given you.

14 “I am now going the way of the whole earth,(W) and you know with all your heart and all your soul that none of the good promises the Lord your God made to you has failed. Everything was fulfilled for you; not one promise has failed.(X) 15 Since every good thing the Lord your God promised you has come about, so he will bring on you every bad thing until he has annihilated you from this good land the Lord your God has given you.(Y) 16 If you break the covenant of the Lord your God, which he commanded you, and go and serve other gods, and bow in worship to them, the Lord’s anger will burn against you, and you will quickly disappear from this good land he has given you.”


  1. 22:22 Or The Lord is the God of gods! The Lord is the God of gods!
  2. 22:34 Some Hb mss, Syr, Tg read altar Witness because it
  3. 23:10 Lit promised you
  4. 23:13 Or a whip; Hb obscure
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Luke 20:27-47

The Sadducees and the Resurrection

27 Some(A) of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection,(B) came up and questioned him: 28 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother has a wife, and dies childless, his brother should take the wife and produce offspring for his brother.[a](C) 29 Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife and died without children. 30 Also the second[b] 31 and the third took her. In the same way, all seven died and left no children. 32 Finally, the woman died too. 33 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For all seven had married her.”

34 Jesus told them, “The children of this age(D) marry and are given in marriage.(E) 35 But those who are counted worthy(F) to take part in that age(G) and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 36 For they can no longer die,(H) because they are like angels and are children of God,(I) since they are children of the resurrection. 37 Moses even indicated in the passage about the burning bush that the dead are raised, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.[c](J) 38 He is not the God of the dead but of the living, because all are living to[d] him.”(K)

39 Some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you have spoken well.” 40 And they no longer dared to ask him anything.

The Question about the Messiah

41 Then(L) he said to them, “How can they say that the Messiah is the son of David?(M) 42 For David himself says in the Book of Psalms:(N)

The Lord declared to my Lord,
‘Sit at my right hand
43 until I make your enemies your footstool.’[e](O)

44 David calls him ‘Lord.’ How, then, can he be his son?”(P)

Warning against the Scribes

45 While(Q) all the people were listening, he said to his disciples, 46 “Beware(R) of the scribes, who want to go around in long robes and who love greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at banquets.(S) 47 They devour widows’ houses and say long prayers just for show. These will receive harsher judgment.”


  1. 20:28 Dt 25:5
  2. 20:30 Other mss add took her as wife, and he died without children
  3. 20:37 Ex 3:6,15
  4. 20:38 Or with
  5. 20:42–43 Ps 110:1
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Psalm 89:14-37

14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation
of your throne;(A)
faithful love and truth go before you.(B)
15 Happy are the people who know the joyful shout;(C)
Lord, they walk in the light from your face.(D)
16 They rejoice in your name all day long,
and they are exalted by your righteousness.(E)
17 For you are their magnificent strength;(F)
by your favor our horn is exalted.(G)
18 Surely our shield[a] belongs to the Lord,
our king to the Holy One of Israel.(H)

19 You once spoke in a vision to your faithful ones
and said, “I have granted help to a warrior;
I have exalted one chosen[b] from the people.(I)
20 I have found David my servant;
I have anointed him with my sacred oil.(J)
21 My hand will always be with him,
and my arm will strengthen him.(K)
22 The enemy will not oppress[c] him;
the wicked will not afflict him.(L)
23 I will crush his foes before him
and strike those who hate him.(M)
24 My faithfulness and love will be with him,
and through my name
his horn will be exalted.(N)
25 I will extend his power to the sea
and his right hand to the rivers.(O)
26 He will call to me, ‘You are my Father,(P)
my God, the rock of my salvation.’(Q)
27 I will also make him my firstborn,
greatest of the kings of the earth.(R)
28 I will always preserve my faithful love for him,
and my covenant with him will endure.(S)
29 I will establish his line forever,
his throne as long as heaven lasts.[d](T)
30 If his sons abandon my instruction
and do not live by my ordinances,(U)
31 if they dishonor my statutes
and do not keep my commands,(V)
32 then I will call their rebellion
to account with the rod,
their iniquity with blows.(W)
33 But I will not withdraw
my faithful love from him
or betray my faithfulness.(X)
34 I will not violate my covenant
or change what my lips have said.(Y)
35 Once and for all
I have sworn an oath by my holiness;
I will not lie to David.(Z)
36 His offspring will continue forever,
his throne like the sun before me,(AA)
37 like the moon, established forever,
a faithful witness in the sky.”(AB)Selah


  1. 89:18 = the king
  2. 89:19 Or exalted a young man
  3. 89:22 Or not exact tribute from
  4. 89:29 Lit as days of heaven
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Proverbs 13:17-19

17 A wicked envoy falls into trouble,
but a trustworthy courier brings healing.(A)

18 Poverty and disgrace come to those
who ignore discipline,
but the one who accepts correction will be honored.(B)

19 Desire fulfilled is sweet to the taste,
but to turn from evil is detestable to fools.(C)

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday April 20, 2024 (NIV)

Joshua 21:1-22:20

The Towns Given to the Levites

21 Then the leaders of the tribe of Levi came to consult with Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders of the other tribes of Israel. They came to them at Shiloh in the land of Canaan and said, “The Lord commanded Moses to give us towns to live in and pasturelands for our livestock.” So by the command of the Lord the people of Israel gave the Levites the following towns and pasturelands out of their own grants of land.

The descendants of Aaron, who were members of the Kohathite clan within the tribe of Levi, were allotted thirteen towns that were originally assigned to the tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin. The other families of the Kohathite clan were allotted ten towns from the tribes of Ephraim, Dan, and the half-tribe of Manasseh.

The clan of Gershon was allotted thirteen towns from the tribes of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and the half-tribe of Manasseh in Bashan.

The clan of Merari was allotted twelve towns from the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun.

So the Israelites obeyed the Lord’s command to Moses and assigned these towns and pasturelands to the Levites by casting sacred lots.

The Israelites gave the following towns from the tribes of Judah and Simeon 10 to the descendants of Aaron, who were members of the Kohathite clan within the tribe of Levi, since the sacred lot fell to them first: 11 Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), in the hill country of Judah, along with its surrounding pasturelands. (Arba was an ancestor of Anak.) 12 But the open fields beyond the town and the surrounding villages were given to Caleb son of Jephunneh as his possession.

13 The following towns with their pasturelands were given to the descendants of Aaron the priest: Hebron (a city of refuge for those who accidentally killed someone), Libnah, 14 Jattir, Eshtemoa, 15 Holon, Debir, 16 Ain, Juttah, and Beth-shemesh—nine towns from these two tribes.

17 From the tribe of Benjamin the priests were given the following towns with their pasturelands: Gibeon, Geba, 18 Anathoth, and Almon—four towns. 19 So in all, thirteen towns with their pasturelands were given to the priests, the descendants of Aaron.

20 The rest of the Kohathite clan from the tribe of Levi was allotted the following towns and pasturelands from the tribe of Ephraim: 21 Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim (a city of refuge for those who accidentally killed someone), Gezer, 22 Kibzaim, and Beth-horon—four towns.

23 The following towns and pasturelands were allotted to the priests from the tribe of Dan: Eltekeh, Gibbethon, 24 Aijalon, and Gath-rimmon—four towns.

25 The half-tribe of Manasseh allotted the following towns with their pasturelands to the priests: Taanach and Gath-rimmon—two towns. 26 So in all, ten towns with their pasturelands were given to the rest of the Kohathite clan.

27 The descendants of Gershon, another clan within the tribe of Levi, received the following towns with their pasturelands from the half-tribe of Manasseh: Golan in Bashan (a city of refuge for those who accidentally killed someone) and Be-eshterah—two towns.

28 From the tribe of Issachar they received the following towns with their pasturelands: Kishion, Daberath, 29 Jarmuth, and En-gannim—four towns.

30 From the tribe of Asher they received the following towns with their pasturelands: Mishal, Abdon, 31 Helkath, and Rehob—four towns.

32 From the tribe of Naphtali they received the following towns with their pasturelands: Kedesh in Galilee (a city of refuge for those who accidentally killed someone), Hammoth-dor, and Kartan—three towns. 33 So in all, thirteen towns with their pasturelands were allotted to the clan of Gershon.

34 The rest of the Levites—the Merari clan—were given the following towns with their pasturelands from the tribe of Zebulun: Jokneam, Kartah, 35 Dimnah, and Nahalal—four towns.

36 From the tribe of Reuben they received the following towns with their pasturelands: Bezer, Jahaz,[a] 37 Kedemoth, and Mephaath—four towns.

38 From the tribe of Gad they received the following towns with their pasturelands: Ramoth in Gilead (a city of refuge for those who accidentally killed someone), Mahanaim, 39 Heshbon, and Jazer—four towns. 40 So in all, twelve towns were allotted to the clan of Merari.

41 The total number of towns and pasturelands within Israelite territory given to the Levites came to forty-eight. 42 Every one of these towns had pasturelands surrounding it.

43 So the Lord gave to Israel all the land he had sworn to give their ancestors, and they took possession of it and settled there. 44 And the Lord gave them rest on every side, just as he had solemnly promised their ancestors. None of their enemies could stand against them, for the Lord helped them conquer all their enemies. 45 Not a single one of all the good promises the Lord had given to the family of Israel was left unfulfilled; everything he had spoken came true.

The Eastern Tribes Return Home

22 Then Joshua called together the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. He told them, “You have done as Moses, the servant of the Lord, commanded you, and you have obeyed every order I have given you. During all this time you have not deserted the other tribes. You have been careful to obey the commands of the Lord your God right up to the present day. And now the Lord your God has given the other tribes rest, as he promised them. So go back home to the land that Moses, the servant of the Lord, gave you as your possession on the east side of the Jordan River. But be very careful to obey all the commands and the instructions that Moses gave to you. Love the Lord your God, walk in all his ways, obey his commands, hold firmly to him, and serve him with all your heart and all your soul.” So Joshua blessed them and sent them away, and they went home.

Moses had given the land of Bashan, east of the Jordan River, to the half-tribe of Manasseh. (The other half of the tribe was given land west of the Jordan.) As Joshua sent them away and blessed them, he said to them, “Go back to your homes with the great wealth you have taken from your enemies—the vast herds of livestock, the silver, gold, bronze, and iron, and the large supply of clothing. Share the plunder with your relatives.”

So the men of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh left the rest of Israel at Shiloh in the land of Canaan. They started the journey back to their own land of Gilead, the territory that belonged to them according to the Lord’s command through Moses.

The Eastern Tribes Build an Altar

10 But while they were still in Canaan, and when they came to a place called Geliloth[b] near the Jordan River, the men of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh stopped to build a large and imposing altar.

11 The rest of Israel heard that the people of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh had built an altar at Geliloth at the edge of the land of Canaan, on the west side of the Jordan River. 12 So the whole community of Israel gathered at Shiloh and prepared to go to war against them. 13 First, however, they sent a delegation led by Phinehas son of Eleazar, the priest, to talk with the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. 14 In this delegation were ten leaders of Israel, one from each of the ten tribes, and each the head of his family within the clans of Israel.

15 When they arrived in the land of Gilead, they said to the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, 16 “The whole community of the Lord demands to know why you are betraying the God of Israel. How could you turn away from the Lord and build an altar for yourselves in rebellion against him? 17 Was our sin at Peor not enough? To this day we are not fully cleansed of it, even after the plague that struck the entire community of the Lord. 18 And yet today you are turning away from following the Lord. If you rebel against the Lord today, he will be angry with all of us tomorrow.

19 “If you need the altar because the land you possess is defiled, then join us in the Lord’s land, where the Tabernacle of the Lord is situated, and share our land with us. But do not rebel against the Lord or against us by building an altar other than the one true altar of the Lord our God. 20 Didn’t divine anger fall on the entire community of Israel when Achan, a member of the clan of Zerah, sinned by stealing the things set apart for the Lord[c]? He was not the only one who died because of his sin.”


  1. 21:36 Hebrew Jahzah, a variant spelling of Jahaz.
  2. 22:10 Or to the circle of stones; similarly in 22:11.
  3. 22:20 The Hebrew term used here refers to the complete consecration of things or people to the Lord, either by destroying them or by giving them as an offering.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Luke 20:1-26

The Authority of Jesus Challenged

20 One day as Jesus was teaching the people and preaching the Good News in the Temple, the leading priests, the teachers of religious law, and the elders came up to him. They demanded, “By what authority are you doing all these things? Who gave you the right?”

“Let me ask you a question first,” he replied. “Did John’s authority to baptize come from heaven, or was it merely human?”

They talked it over among themselves. “If we say it was from heaven, he will ask why we didn’t believe John. But if we say it was merely human, the people will stone us because they are convinced John was a prophet.” So they finally replied that they didn’t know.

And Jesus responded, “Then I won’t tell you by what authority I do these things.”

Parable of the Evil Farmers

Now Jesus turned to the people again and told them this story: “A man planted a vineyard, leased it to tenant farmers, and moved to another country to live for several years. 10 At the time of the grape harvest, he sent one of his servants to collect his share of the crop. But the farmers attacked the servant, beat him up, and sent him back empty-handed. 11 So the owner sent another servant, but they also insulted him, beat him up, and sent him away empty-handed. 12 A third man was sent, and they wounded him and chased him away.

13 “‘What will I do?’ the owner asked himself. ‘I know! I’ll send my cherished son. Surely they will respect him.’

14 “But when the tenant farmers saw his son, they said to each other, ‘Here comes the heir to this estate. Let’s kill him and get the estate for ourselves!’ 15 So they dragged him out of the vineyard and murdered him.

“What do you suppose the owner of the vineyard will do to them?” Jesus asked. 16 “I’ll tell you—he will come and kill those farmers and lease the vineyard to others.”

“How terrible that such a thing should ever happen,” his listeners protested.

17 Jesus looked at them and said, “Then what does this Scripture mean?

‘The stone that the builders rejected
has now become the cornerstone.’[a]

18 Everyone who stumbles over that stone will be broken to pieces, and it will crush anyone it falls on.”

19 The teachers of religious law and the leading priests wanted to arrest Jesus immediately because they realized he was telling the story against them—they were the wicked farmers. But they were afraid of the people’s reaction.

Taxes for Caesar

20 Watching for their opportunity, the leaders sent spies pretending to be honest men. They tried to get Jesus to say something that could be reported to the Roman governor so he would arrest Jesus. 21 “Teacher,” they said, “we know that you speak and teach what is right and are not influenced by what others think. You teach the way of God truthfully. 22 Now tell us—is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

23 He saw through their trickery and said, 24 “Show me a Roman coin.[b] Whose picture and title are stamped on it?”

“Caesar’s,” they replied.

25 “Well then,” he said, “give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar, and give to God what belongs to God.”

26 So they failed to trap him by what he said in front of the people. Instead, they were amazed by his answer, and they became silent.


  1. 20:17 Ps 118:22.
  2. 20:24 Greek a denarius.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Psalm 89:1-13

Psalm 89

A psalm[a] of Ethan the Ezrahite.

I will sing of the Lord’s unfailing love forever!
Young and old will hear of your faithfulness.
Your unfailing love will last forever.
Your faithfulness is as enduring as the heavens.

The Lord said, “I have made a covenant with David, my chosen servant.
I have sworn this oath to him:
‘I will establish your descendants as kings forever;
they will sit on your throne from now until eternity.’” Interlude
All heaven will praise your great wonders, Lord;
myriads of angels will praise you for your faithfulness.
For who in all of heaven can compare with the Lord?
What mightiest angel is anything like the Lord?
The highest angelic powers stand in awe of God.
He is far more awesome than all who surround his throne.
O Lord God of Heaven’s Armies!
Where is there anyone as mighty as you, O Lord?
You are entirely faithful.

You rule the oceans.
You subdue their storm-tossed waves.
10 You crushed the great sea monster.[b]
You scattered your enemies with your mighty arm.
11 The heavens are yours, and the earth is yours;
everything in the world is yours—you created it all.
12 You created north and south.
Mount Tabor and Mount Hermon praise your name.
13 Powerful is your arm!
Strong is your hand!
Your right hand is lifted high in glorious strength.


  1. 89:Title Hebrew maskil. This may be a literary or musical term.
  2. 89:10 Hebrew Rahab, the name of a mythical sea monster that represents chaos in ancient literature.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Proverbs 13:15-16

15 A person with good sense is respected;
a treacherous person is headed for destruction.[a]

16 Wise people think before they act;
fools don’t—and even brag about their foolishness.


  1. 13:15 As in Greek version; Hebrew reads the way of the treacherous is lasting.
New Living Translation (NLT)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2015 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday April 19, 2024 (NIV)

Joshua 19-20

Allotment for Simeon(A)

19 The second lot came out for the tribe of Simeon according to its clans. Their inheritance lay within the territory of Judah.(B) It included:

Beersheba(C) (or Sheba),[a] Moladah,(D) Hazar Shual,(E) Balah, Ezem,(F) Eltolad,(G) Bethul, Hormah,(H) Ziklag,(I) Beth Markaboth, Hazar Susah, Beth Lebaoth and Sharuhen—thirteen towns and their villages;

Ain, Rimmon,(J) Ether and Ashan(K)—four towns and their villages— and all the villages around these towns as far as Baalath Beer (Ramah in the Negev).(L)

This was the inheritance of the tribe of the Simeonites, according to its clans. The inheritance of the Simeonites was taken from the share of Judah,(M) because Judah’s portion was more than they needed. So the Simeonites received their inheritance within the territory of Judah.(N)

Allotment for Zebulun

10 The third lot came up for Zebulun(O) according to its clans:

The boundary of their inheritance went as far as Sarid.(P) 11 Going west it ran to Maralah, touched Dabbesheth, and extended to the ravine near Jokneam.(Q) 12 It turned east from Sarid(R) toward the sunrise to the territory of Kisloth Tabor and went on to Daberath(S) and up to Japhia. 13 Then it continued eastward to Gath Hepher(T) and Eth Kazin; it came out at Rimmon(U) and turned toward Neah. 14 There the boundary went around on the north to Hannathon and ended at the Valley of Iphtah El.(V) 15 Included were Kattath, Nahalal,(W) Shimron,(X) Idalah and Bethlehem.(Y) There were twelve towns and their villages.

16 These towns and their villages were the inheritance of Zebulun,(Z) according to its clans.(AA)

Allotment for Issachar

17 The fourth lot came out for Issachar(AB) according to its clans. 18 Their territory included:

Jezreel,(AC) Kesulloth, Shunem,(AD) 19 Hapharaim, Shion, Anaharath, 20 Rabbith, Kishion,(AE) Ebez, 21 Remeth, En Gannim,(AF) En Haddah and Beth Pazzez. 22 The boundary touched Tabor,(AG) Shahazumah and Beth Shemesh,(AH) and ended at the Jordan. There were sixteen towns and their villages.

23 These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Issachar,(AI) according to its clans.(AJ)

Allotment for Asher

24 The fifth lot came out for the tribe of Asher(AK) according to its clans. 25 Their territory included:

Helkath, Hali, Beten, Akshaph,(AL) 26 Allammelek, Amad and Mishal.(AM) On the west the boundary touched Carmel(AN) and Shihor Libnath. 27 It then turned east toward Beth Dagon,(AO) touched Zebulun(AP) and the Valley of Iphtah El,(AQ) and went north to Beth Emek and Neiel, passing Kabul(AR) on the left. 28 It went to Abdon,[b](AS) Rehob,(AT) Hammon(AU) and Kanah,(AV) as far as Greater Sidon.(AW) 29 The boundary then turned back toward Ramah(AX) and went to the fortified city of Tyre,(AY) turned toward Hosah and came out at the Mediterranean Sea(AZ) in the region of Akzib,(BA) 30 Ummah, Aphek(BB) and Rehob.(BC) There were twenty-two towns and their villages.

31 These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Asher,(BD) according to its clans.

Allotment for Naphtali

32 The sixth lot came out for Naphtali according to its clans:

33 Their boundary went from Heleph and the large tree in Zaanannim,(BE) passing Adami Nekeb and Jabneel(BF) to Lakkum and ending at the Jordan. 34 The boundary ran west through Aznoth Tabor and came out at Hukkok.(BG) It touched Zebulun(BH) on the south, Asher on the west and the Jordan[c] on the east. 35 The fortified towns were Ziddim, Zer, Hammath,(BI) Rakkath, Kinnereth,(BJ) 36 Adamah, Ramah,(BK) Hazor,(BL) 37 Kedesh,(BM) Edrei,(BN) En Hazor, 38 Iron, Migdal El, Horem, Beth Anath(BO) and Beth Shemesh.(BP) There were nineteen towns and their villages.

39 These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Naphtali, according to its clans.(BQ)

Allotment for Dan

40 The seventh lot came out for the tribe of Dan according to its clans. 41 The territory of their inheritance included:

Zorah, Eshtaol,(BR) Ir Shemesh, 42 Shaalabbin, Aijalon,(BS) Ithlah, 43 Elon, Timnah,(BT) Ekron,(BU) 44 Eltekeh, Gibbethon,(BV) Baalath,(BW) 45 Jehud, Bene Berak, Gath Rimmon,(BX) 46 Me Jarkon and Rakkon, with the area facing Joppa.(BY)

47 (When the territory of the Danites was lost to them,(BZ) they went up and attacked Leshem(CA), took it, put it to the sword and occupied it. They settled in Leshem and named(CB) it Dan after their ancestor.)(CC)

48 These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Dan,(CD) according to its clans.

Allotment for Joshua

49 When they had finished dividing the land into its allotted portions, the Israelites gave Joshua son of Nun an inheritance among them, 50 as the Lord had commanded. They gave him the town he asked for—Timnath Serah[d](CE) in the hill country of Ephraim. And he built up the town and settled there.

51 These are the territories that Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun and the heads of the tribal clans of Israel assigned by lot at Shiloh in the presence of the Lord at the entrance to the tent of meeting. And so they finished dividing(CF) the land.(CG)

Cities of Refuge(CH)

20 Then the Lord said to Joshua: “Tell the Israelites to designate the cities of refuge, as I instructed you through Moses, so that anyone who kills a person accidentally and unintentionally(CI) may flee there and find protection from the avenger of blood.(CJ) When they flee to one of these cities, they are to stand in the entrance of the city gate(CK) and state their case before the elders(CL) of that city. Then the elders are to admit the fugitive into their city and provide a place to live among them. If the avenger of blood comes in pursuit, the elders must not surrender the fugitive, because the fugitive killed their neighbor unintentionally and without malice aforethought. They are to stay in that city until they have stood trial before the assembly(CM) and until the death of the high priest who is serving at that time. Then they may go back to their own home in the town from which they fled.”

So they set apart Kedesh(CN) in Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali, Shechem(CO) in the hill country of Ephraim, and Kiriath Arba(CP) (that is, Hebron(CQ)) in the hill country of Judah.(CR) East of the Jordan (on the other side from Jericho) they designated Bezer(CS) in the wilderness on the plateau in the tribe of Reuben, Ramoth in Gilead(CT) in the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan(CU) in the tribe of Manasseh. Any of the Israelites or any foreigner residing among them who killed someone accidentally(CV) could flee to these designated cities and not be killed by the avenger of blood prior to standing trial before the assembly.(CW)


  1. Joshua 19:2 Or Beersheba, Sheba; 1 Chron. 4:28 does not have Sheba.
  2. Joshua 19:28 Some Hebrew manuscripts (see also 21:30); most Hebrew manuscripts Ebron
  3. Joshua 19:34 Septuagint; Hebrew west, and Judah, the Jordan,
  4. Joshua 19:50 Also known as Timnath Heres (see Judges 2:9)

Cross references:

  1. Joshua 19:1 : 19:2-10pp — 1Ch 4:28-33
  2. Joshua 19:1 : S Ge 49:7
  3. Joshua 19:2 : S Ge 21:14; 1Ki 19:3
  4. Joshua 19:2 : S Jos 15:26
  5. Joshua 19:3 : S Jos 15:28
  6. Joshua 19:3 : S Jos 15:29
  7. Joshua 19:4 : Jos 15:30
  8. Joshua 19:4 : S Nu 14:45
  9. Joshua 19:5 : S Jos 15:31
  10. Joshua 19:7 : S Jos 15:32
  11. Joshua 19:7 : S Jos 15:42
  12. Joshua 19:8 : S Jos 10:40
  13. Joshua 19:9 : S Ge 49:7
  14. Joshua 19:9 : Eze 48:24
  15. Joshua 19:10 : ver 16, 27, 34; Jos 21:7, 34
  16. Joshua 19:10 : ver 12
  17. Joshua 19:11 : S Jos 12:22
  18. Joshua 19:12 : ver 10
  19. Joshua 19:12 : Jos 21:28; 1Ch 6:72
  20. Joshua 19:13 : S Jos 11:22
  21. Joshua 19:13 : Jos 15:32
  22. Joshua 19:14 : ver 27
  23. Joshua 19:15 : Jos 21:35
  24. Joshua 19:15 : Jos 11:1
  25. Joshua 19:15 : S Ge 35:19
  26. Joshua 19:16 : S ver 10
  27. Joshua 19:16 : Eze 48:26
  28. Joshua 19:17 : S Ge 30:18
  29. Joshua 19:18 : S Jos 15:56
  30. Joshua 19:18 : 1Sa 28:4; 1Ki 1:3; 2Ki 4:8
  31. Joshua 19:20 : Jos 21:28
  32. Joshua 19:21 : S Jos 15:34
  33. Joshua 19:22 : Jdg 4:6, 12; 8:18; Ps 89:12; Jer 46:18
  34. Joshua 19:22 : S Jos 15:10
  35. Joshua 19:23 : Jos 17:10
  36. Joshua 19:23 : Ge 49:15; Eze 48:25
  37. Joshua 19:24 : S Jos 17:7
  38. Joshua 19:25 : S Jos 11:1
  39. Joshua 19:26 : Jos 21:30
  40. Joshua 19:26 : S Jos 12:22; 1Ki 18:19; 2Ki 2:25
  41. Joshua 19:27 : Jos 15:41
  42. Joshua 19:27 : S ver 10
  43. Joshua 19:27 : ver 14
  44. Joshua 19:27 : 1Ki 9:13
  45. Joshua 19:28 : Jos 21:30; 1Ch 6:74
  46. Joshua 19:28 : ver 30; Nu 13:21; Jos 21:31; Jdg 1:31
  47. Joshua 19:28 : 1Ch 6:76
  48. Joshua 19:28 : S Jos 16:8
  49. Joshua 19:28 : S Ge 10:19
  50. Joshua 19:29 : Jos 18:25
  51. Joshua 19:29 : 2Sa 5:11; 24:7; Ezr 3:7; Ps 45:12; Isa 23:1; Jer 25:22; Eze 26:2
  52. Joshua 19:29 : Jdg 5:17
  53. Joshua 19:29 : S Jos 15:44
  54. Joshua 19:30 : S Jos 12:18
  55. Joshua 19:30 : S ver 28
  56. Joshua 19:31 : S Ge 30:13; S Jos 17:7; Eze 48:2
  57. Joshua 19:33 : Jdg 4:11
  58. Joshua 19:33 : Jos 15:11
  59. Joshua 19:34 : 1Ch 6:75
  60. Joshua 19:34 : S ver 10
  61. Joshua 19:35 : 1Ch 2:55
  62. Joshua 19:35 : S Jos 11:2
  63. Joshua 19:36 : Jos 18:25
  64. Joshua 19:36 : S Jos 11:1
  65. Joshua 19:37 : S Jos 12:22
  66. Joshua 19:37 : S Nu 21:33
  67. Joshua 19:38 : Jdg 1:33
  68. Joshua 19:38 : S Jos 15:10
  69. Joshua 19:39 : Eze 48:3
  70. Joshua 19:41 : S Jos 15:33
  71. Joshua 19:42 : S Jos 10:12
  72. Joshua 19:43 : S Ge 38:12
  73. Joshua 19:43 : S Jos 13:3
  74. Joshua 19:44 : Jos 21:23; 1Ki 15:27; 16:15
  75. Joshua 19:44 : 1Ki 9:18; 2Ch 8:6
  76. Joshua 19:45 : Jos 21:24; 1Ch 6:69
  77. Joshua 19:46 : 2Ch 2:16; Ezr 3:7; Jnh 1:3; Ac 9:36
  78. Joshua 19:47 : Jdg 18:1
  79. Joshua 19:47 : Jdg 18:7, 14
  80. Joshua 19:47 : S Dt 3:14
  81. Joshua 19:47 : Jdg 18:27, 29
  82. Joshua 19:48 : S Ge 30:6
  83. Joshua 19:50 : Jos 24:30; Jdg 2:9
  84. Joshua 19:51 : Jos 23:4
  85. Joshua 19:51 : S Jos 14:1; S 18:10; Ac 13:19
  86. Joshua 20:1 : 20:1-9Ref — Nu 35:9-34; Dt 4:41-43; 19:1-14
  87. Joshua 20:3 : S Lev 4:2
  88. Joshua 20:3 : S Nu 35:12
  89. Joshua 20:4 : S Ge 23:10; Jer 38:7
  90. Joshua 20:4 : S Jos 7:6
  91. Joshua 20:6 : S Nu 35:12
  92. Joshua 20:7 : S Jos 12:22
  93. Joshua 20:7 : S Ge 12:6
  94. Joshua 20:7 : S Ge 35:27
  95. Joshua 20:7 : S Jos 10:36
  96. Joshua 20:7 : Lk 1:39
  97. Joshua 20:8 : Jos 21:36; 1Ch 6:78
  98. Joshua 20:8 : S Jos 12:2; 1Ch 6:80
  99. Joshua 20:8 : S Jos 12:5; 1Ch 6:71
  100. Joshua 20:9 : S Lev 4:2
  101. Joshua 20:9 : S Ex 21:13
New International Version (NIV)

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Luke 19:28-48

Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as King(A)(B)

28 After Jesus had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.(C) 29 As he approached Bethphage and Bethany(D) at the hill called the Mount of Olives,(E) he sent two of his disciples, saying to them, 30 “Go to the village ahead of you, and as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 31 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ say, ‘The Lord needs it.’”

32 Those who were sent ahead went and found it just as he had told them.(F) 33 As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the colt?”

34 They replied, “The Lord needs it.”

35 They brought it to Jesus, threw their cloaks on the colt and put Jesus on it. 36 As he went along, people spread their cloaks(G) on the road.

37 When he came near the place where the road goes down the Mount of Olives,(H) the whole crowd of disciples began joyfully to praise God in loud voices for all the miracles they had seen:

38 “Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!”[a](I)

“Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”(J)

39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Jesus, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples!”(K)

40 “I tell you,” he replied, “if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out.”(L)

41 As he approached Jerusalem and saw the city, he wept over it(M) 42 and said, “If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace—but now it is hidden from your eyes. 43 The days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side.(N) 44 They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls.(O) They will not leave one stone on another,(P) because you did not recognize the time of God’s coming(Q) to you.”

Jesus at the Temple(R)

45 When Jesus entered the temple courts, he began to drive out those who were selling. 46 “It is written,” he said to them, “‘My house will be a house of prayer’[b];(S) but you have made it ‘a den of robbers.’[c](T)

47 Every day he was teaching at the temple.(U) But the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the leaders among the people were trying to kill him.(V) 48 Yet they could not find any way to do it, because all the people hung on his words.


  1. Luke 19:38 Psalm 118:26
  2. Luke 19:46 Isaiah 56:7
  3. Luke 19:46 Jer. 7:11
New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 88

Psalm 88[a]

A song. A psalm of the Sons of Korah. For the director of music. According to mahalath leannoth.[b] A maskil[c] of Heman the Ezrahite.

Lord, you are the God who saves me;(A)
day and night I cry out(B) to you.
May my prayer come before you;
turn your ear to my cry.

I am overwhelmed with troubles(C)
and my life draws near to death.(D)
I am counted among those who go down to the pit;(E)
I am like one without strength.(F)
I am set apart with the dead,
like the slain who lie in the grave,
whom you remember no more,
who are cut off(G) from your care.

You have put me in the lowest pit,
in the darkest depths.(H)
Your wrath(I) lies heavily on me;
you have overwhelmed me with all your waves.[d](J)
You have taken from me my closest friends(K)
and have made me repulsive to them.
I am confined(L) and cannot escape;(M)
my eyes(N) are dim with grief.

I call(O) to you, Lord, every day;
I spread out my hands(P) to you.
10 Do you show your wonders to the dead?
Do their spirits rise up and praise you?(Q)
11 Is your love declared in the grave,
your faithfulness(R) in Destruction[e]?
12 Are your wonders known in the place of darkness,
or your righteous deeds in the land of oblivion?

13 But I cry to you for help,(S) Lord;
in the morning(T) my prayer comes before you.(U)
14 Why, Lord, do you reject(V) me
and hide your face(W) from me?

15 From my youth(X) I have suffered(Y) and been close to death;
I have borne your terrors(Z) and am in despair.(AA)
16 Your wrath(AB) has swept over me;
your terrors(AC) have destroyed me.
17 All day long they surround me like a flood;(AD)
they have completely engulfed me.
18 You have taken from me friend(AE) and neighbor—
darkness is my closest friend.


  1. Psalm 88:1 In Hebrew texts 88:1-18 is numbered 88:2-19.
  2. Psalm 88:1 Title: Possibly a tune, “The Suffering of Affliction”
  3. Psalm 88:1 Title: Probably a literary or musical term
  4. Psalm 88:7 The Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here and at the end of verse 10.
  5. Psalm 88:11 Hebrew Abaddon
New International Version (NIV)

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Proverbs 13:12-14

12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick,
but a longing fulfilled is a tree of life.(A)

13 Whoever scorns instruction will pay for it,(B)
but whoever respects(C) a command is rewarded.(D)

14 The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life,(E)
turning a person from the snares of death.(F)

New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday April 18, 2024 (NIV)

Joshua 16-18

Allotment for Ephraim and Manasseh

16 The allotment for Joseph began at the Jordan, east of the springs of Jericho, and went up from there through the desert(A) into the hill country of Bethel.(B) It went on from Bethel (that is, Luz(C)),[a] crossed over to the territory of the Arkites(D) in Ataroth,(E) descended westward to the territory of the Japhletites as far as the region of Lower Beth Horon(F) and on to Gezer,(G) ending at the Mediterranean Sea.

So Manasseh and Ephraim, the descendants of Joseph, received their inheritance.(H)

This was the territory of Ephraim, according to its clans:

The boundary of their inheritance went from Ataroth Addar(I) in the east to Upper Beth Horon(J) and continued to the Mediterranean Sea. From Mikmethath(K) on the north it curved eastward to Taanath Shiloh, passing by it to Janoah(L) on the east. Then it went down from Janoah(M) to Ataroth(N) and Naarah, touched Jericho and came out at the Jordan. From Tappuah(O) the border went west to the Kanah Ravine(P) and ended at the Mediterranean Sea. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the Ephraimites, according to its clans. It also included all the towns and their villages that were set aside for the Ephraimites within the inheritance of the Manassites.(Q)

10 They did not dislodge the Canaanites living in Gezer; to this day the Canaanites live among the people of Ephraim but are required to do forced labor.(R)

17 This was the allotment for the tribe of Manasseh(S) as Joseph’s firstborn,(T) that is, for Makir,(U) Manasseh’s firstborn. Makir was the ancestor of the Gileadites, who had received Gilead(V) and Bashan(W) because the Makirites were great soldiers. So this allotment was for the rest of the people of Manasseh(X)—the clans of Abiezer,(Y) Helek, Asriel,(Z) Shechem, Hepher(AA) and Shemida.(AB) These are the other male descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph by their clans.

Now Zelophehad son of Hepher,(AC) the son of Gilead, the son of Makir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons but only daughters,(AD) whose names were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milkah and Tirzah. They went to Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders and said, “The Lord commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our relatives.” So Joshua gave them an inheritance along with the brothers of their father, according to the Lord’s command.(AE) Manasseh’s share consisted of ten tracts of land besides Gilead and Bashan east of the Jordan,(AF) because the daughters of the tribe of Manasseh received an inheritance among the sons. The land of Gilead belonged to the rest of the descendants of Manasseh.

The territory of Manasseh extended from Asher(AG) to Mikmethath(AH) east of Shechem.(AI) The boundary ran southward from there to include the people living at En Tappuah. (Manasseh had the land of Tappuah, but Tappuah(AJ) itself, on the boundary of Manasseh, belonged to the Ephraimites.) Then the boundary continued south to the Kanah Ravine.(AK) There were towns belonging to Ephraim lying among the towns of Manasseh, but the boundary of Manasseh was the northern side of the ravine and ended at the Mediterranean Sea. 10 On the south the land belonged to Ephraim, on the north to Manasseh. The territory of Manasseh reached the Mediterranean Sea and bordered Asher(AL) on the north and Issachar(AM) on the east.(AN)

11 Within Issachar(AO) and Asher, Manasseh also had Beth Shan,(AP) Ibleam(AQ) and the people of Dor,(AR) Endor,(AS) Taanach(AT) and Megiddo,(AU) together with their surrounding settlements (the third in the list is Naphoth[b]).(AV)

12 Yet the Manassites were not able(AW) to occupy these towns, for the Canaanites were determined to live in that region. 13 However, when the Israelites grew stronger, they subjected the Canaanites to forced labor but did not drive them out completely.(AX)

14 The people of Joseph said to Joshua, “Why have you given us only one allotment and one portion for an inheritance? We are a numerous people, and the Lord has blessed us abundantly.”(AY)

15 “If you are so numerous,” Joshua answered, “and if the hill country of Ephraim is too small for you, go up into the forest(AZ) and clear land for yourselves there in the land of the Perizzites(BA) and Rephaites.(BB)

16 The people of Joseph replied, “The hill country is not enough for us, and all the Canaanites who live in the plain have chariots fitted with iron,(BC) both those in Beth Shan(BD) and its settlements and those in the Valley of Jezreel.”(BE)

17 But Joshua said to the tribes of Joseph—to Ephraim and Manasseh—“You are numerous and very powerful. You will have not only one allotment(BF) 18 but the forested hill country(BG) as well. Clear it, and its farthest limits will be yours; though the Canaanites have chariots fitted with iron(BH) and though they are strong, you can drive them out.”

Division of the Rest of the Land

18 The whole assembly of the Israelites gathered at Shiloh(BI) and set up the tent of meeting(BJ) there. The country was brought under their control, but there were still seven Israelite tribes who had not yet received their inheritance.

So Joshua said to the Israelites: “How long will you wait before you begin to take possession of the land that the Lord, the God of your ancestors, has given you? Appoint three men from each tribe. I will send them out to make a survey of the land and to write a description of it,(BK) according to the inheritance of each.(BL) Then they will return to me. You are to divide the land into seven parts. Judah is to remain in its territory on the south(BM) and the tribes of Joseph in their territory on the north.(BN) After you have written descriptions of the seven parts of the land, bring them here to me and I will cast lots(BO) for you in the presence of the Lord our God. The Levites, however, do not get a portion among you, because the priestly service of the Lord is their inheritance.(BP) And Gad, Reuben and the half-tribe of Manasseh have already received their inheritance on the east side of the Jordan. Moses the servant of the Lord gave it to them.(BQ)

As the men started on their way to map out the land, Joshua instructed them, “Go and make a survey of the land and write a description of it.(BR) Then return to me, and I will cast lots for you here at Shiloh(BS) in the presence of the Lord.” So the men left and went through the land. They wrote its description on a scroll, town by town, in seven parts, and returned to Joshua in the camp at Shiloh. 10 Joshua then cast lots(BT) for them in Shiloh in the presence(BU) of the Lord, and there he distributed the land to the Israelites according to their tribal divisions.(BV)

Allotment for Benjamin

11 The first lot came up for the tribe of Benjamin according to its clans. Their allotted territory lay between the tribes of Judah and Joseph:

12 On the north side their boundary began at the Jordan, passed the northern slope of Jericho and headed west into the hill country, coming out at the wilderness(BW) of Beth Aven.(BX) 13 From there it crossed to the south slope of Luz(BY) (that is, Bethel(BZ)) and went down to Ataroth Addar(CA) on the hill south of Lower Beth Horon.

14 From the hill facing Beth Horon(CB) on the south the boundary turned south along the western side and came out at Kiriath Baal (that is, Kiriath Jearim),(CC) a town of the people of Judah. This was the western side.

15 The southern side began at the outskirts of Kiriath Jearim on the west, and the boundary came out at the spring of the waters of Nephtoah.(CD) 16 The boundary went down to the foot of the hill facing the Valley of Ben Hinnom, north of the Valley of Rephaim.(CE) It continued down the Hinnom Valley(CF) along the southern slope of the Jebusite city and so to En Rogel.(CG) 17 It then curved north, went to En Shemesh, continued to Geliloth,(CH) which faces the Pass of Adummim,(CI) and ran down to the Stone of Bohan(CJ) son of Reuben. 18 It continued to the northern slope of Beth Arabah[c](CK) and on down into the Arabah.(CL) 19 It then went to the northern slope of Beth Hoglah(CM) and came out at the northern bay of the Dead Sea,(CN) at the mouth of the Jordan in the south. This was the southern boundary.

20 The Jordan formed the boundary on the eastern side.

These were the boundaries that marked out the inheritance of the clans of Benjamin on all sides.(CO)

21 The tribe of Benjamin, according to its clans, had the following towns:

Jericho, Beth Hoglah,(CP) Emek Keziz, 22 Beth Arabah,(CQ) Zemaraim,(CR) Bethel,(CS) 23 Avvim,(CT) Parah, Ophrah,(CU) 24 Kephar Ammoni, Ophni and Geba(CV)—twelve towns and their villages.

25 Gibeon,(CW) Ramah,(CX) Beeroth,(CY) 26 Mizpah,(CZ) Kephirah,(DA) Mozah, 27 Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah, 28 Zelah,(DB) Haeleph, the Jebusite city(DC) (that is, Jerusalem(DD)), Gibeah(DE) and Kiriath—fourteen towns and their villages.(DF)

This was the inheritance of Benjamin for its clans.(DG)


  1. Joshua 16:2 Septuagint; Hebrew Bethel to Luz
  2. Joshua 17:11 That is, Naphoth Dor
  3. Joshua 18:18 Septuagint; Hebrew slope facing the Arabah

Cross references:

  1. Joshua 16:1 : S Jos 8:15
  2. Joshua 16:1 : S Jos 12:9
  3. Joshua 16:2 : S Ge 28:19
  4. Joshua 16:2 : 2Sa 15:32
  5. Joshua 16:2 : S ver 5; S Nu 32:3
  6. Joshua 16:3 : S Jos 10:10
  7. Joshua 16:3 : S Jos 10:33
  8. Joshua 16:4 : Jos 18:5
  9. Joshua 16:5 : ver 2; Jos 18:13
  10. Joshua 16:5 : S Jos 10:10
  11. Joshua 16:6 : Jos 17:7
  12. Joshua 16:6 : ver 7; 2Ki 15:29
  13. Joshua 16:7 : S ver 6
  14. Joshua 16:7 : S Nu 32:3
  15. Joshua 16:8 : S Jos 12:17
  16. Joshua 16:8 : Jos 17:9; 19:28
  17. Joshua 16:9 : Eze 48:5
  18. Joshua 16:10 : S Jos 15:63; 17:13; Jdg 1:28-29; 1Ki 9:16
  19. Joshua 17:1 : S Nu 1:34; 1Ch 7:14
  20. Joshua 17:1 : S Ge 41:51
  21. Joshua 17:1 : S Ge 50:23
  22. Joshua 17:1 : S Jos 12:2
  23. Joshua 17:1 : S Jos 12:5
  24. Joshua 17:2 : Jos 22:7
  25. Joshua 17:2 : S Nu 26:30; Jdg 6:11, 34; 8:2; 1Ch 7:18
  26. Joshua 17:2 : 1Ch 7:14
  27. Joshua 17:2 : S Nu 27:1
  28. Joshua 17:2 : 1Ch 7:19
  29. Joshua 17:3 : S Nu 27:1
  30. Joshua 17:3 : S Nu 26:33
  31. Joshua 17:4 : Nu 27:5-7
  32. Joshua 17:5 : Jos 13:30-31
  33. Joshua 17:7 : ver 10; Jos 19:24, 31; 21:6, 30; Jdg 1:31; 5:17; 6:35; 7:23
  34. Joshua 17:7 : Jos 16:6
  35. Joshua 17:7 : S Ge 12:6; Jos 21:21; 24:25; Jdg 9:1
  36. Joshua 17:8 : S Jos 12:17
  37. Joshua 17:9 : S Jos 16:8
  38. Joshua 17:10 : S ver 7
  39. Joshua 17:10 : S Ge 30:18
  40. Joshua 17:10 : Eze 48:5
  41. Joshua 17:11 : ver 10
  42. Joshua 17:11 : ver 16; Jdg 1:27; 1Sa 31:10; 2Sa 21:12; 1Ki 4:12; 1Ch 7:29
  43. Joshua 17:11 : 2Ki 9:27
  44. Joshua 17:11 : S Jos 11:2
  45. Joshua 17:11 : 1Sa 28:7; Ps 83:10
  46. Joshua 17:11 : S Jos 12:21
  47. Joshua 17:11 : 1Ki 9:15
  48. Joshua 17:11 : Eze 48:4
  49. Joshua 17:12 : S Jos 15:63
  50. Joshua 17:13 : Jdg 1:27-28
  51. Joshua 17:14 : Nu 26:28-37
  52. Joshua 17:15 : 2Sa 18:6
  53. Joshua 17:15 : S Jos 3:10
  54. Joshua 17:15 : S Ge 14:5; Jos 15:8; 18:16; 2Sa 5:18; 23:13; Isa 17:5
  55. Joshua 17:16 : ver 18; Jdg 1:19; 4:3, 13
  56. Joshua 17:16 : S ver 11
  57. Joshua 17:16 : S Jos 15:56; S 1Sa 29:1
  58. Joshua 17:17 : Eze 48:5
  59. Joshua 17:18 : 1Sa 1:1
  60. Joshua 17:18 : S ver 16
  61. Joshua 18:1 : ver 8; Jos 19:51; 21:2; Jdg 18:31; 21:12, 19; 1Sa 1:3; 3:21; 4:3; 1Ki 14:2; Ps 78:60; Jer 7:12; 26:6; 41:5
  62. Joshua 18:1 : S ver 10; S Ex 27:21; S 40:2; Ac 7:45
  63. Joshua 18:4 : ver 8
  64. Joshua 18:4 : Mic 2:5
  65. Joshua 18:5 : Jos 15:1
  66. Joshua 18:5 : Jos 16:1-4
  67. Joshua 18:6 : S Lev 16:8
  68. Joshua 18:7 : S Jos 13:33
  69. Joshua 18:7 : Jos 13:8
  70. Joshua 18:8 : ver 4
  71. Joshua 18:8 : S ver 1
  72. Joshua 18:10 : S Nu 34:13
  73. Joshua 18:10 : S ver 1; Jer 7:12
  74. Joshua 18:10 : Nu 33:54; Jos 19:51
  75. Joshua 18:12 : S Jos 8:15
  76. Joshua 18:12 : S Jos 7:2
  77. Joshua 18:13 : S Ge 28:19
  78. Joshua 18:13 : S Jos 12:9
  79. Joshua 18:13 : S Nu 32:3; S Jos 16:5
  80. Joshua 18:14 : Jos 10:10
  81. Joshua 18:14 : S Jos 9:17
  82. Joshua 18:15 : Jos 15:9
  83. Joshua 18:16 : S Jos 17:15
  84. Joshua 18:16 : Jos 15:8
  85. Joshua 18:16 : S Jos 15:7
  86. Joshua 18:17 : Jos 22:10
  87. Joshua 18:17 : Jos 15:7
  88. Joshua 18:17 : Jos 15:6
  89. Joshua 18:18 : S Jos 15:6
  90. Joshua 18:18 : S Jos 11:2
  91. Joshua 18:19 : S Jos 15:6
  92. Joshua 18:19 : S Ge 14:3
  93. Joshua 18:20 : 1Sa 9:1
  94. Joshua 18:21 : S Jos 15:6
  95. Joshua 18:22 : Jos 15:6
  96. Joshua 18:22 : 2Ch 13:4
  97. Joshua 18:22 : Jos 16:1
  98. Joshua 18:23 : S Dt 2:23
  99. Joshua 18:23 : Jdg 6:11, 24; 8:27, 32; 9:5; 1Sa 13:17
  100. Joshua 18:24 : Jos 21:17; 1Sa 13:3, 16; 14:5; 1Ki 15:22; 2Ki 23:8; Isa 10:29
  101. Joshua 18:25 : Jos 9:3
  102. Joshua 18:25 : S Jos 10:40; Jdg 4:5; 19:13; Isa 10:29; Jer 31:15; 40:1
  103. Joshua 18:25 : S Jos 9:17; Ezr 2:25; Ne 7:29
  104. Joshua 18:26 : S Jos 11:3
  105. Joshua 18:26 : Jos 9:17; Ezr 2:25; Ne 7:29
  106. Joshua 18:28 : 2Sa 21:14
  107. Joshua 18:28 : S Jos 15:8
  108. Joshua 18:28 : S Jos 10:1
  109. Joshua 18:28 : S Jos 15:57
  110. Joshua 18:28 : S Jos 9:17
  111. Joshua 18:28 : Eze 48:23
New International Version (NIV)

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Luke 19:1-27

Zacchaeus the Tax Collector

19 Jesus entered Jericho(A) and was passing through. A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy. He wanted to see who Jesus was, but because he was short he could not see over the crowd. So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore-fig(B) tree to see him, since Jesus was coming that way.(C)

When Jesus reached the spot, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down immediately. I must stay at your house today.” So he came down at once and welcomed him gladly.

All the people saw this and began to mutter, “He has gone to be the guest of a sinner.”(D)

But Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord,(E) “Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything,(F) I will pay back four times the amount.”(G)

Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham.(H) 10 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.”(I)

The Parable of the Ten Minas(J)

11 While they were listening to this, he went on to tell them a parable, because he was near Jerusalem and the people thought that the kingdom of God(K) was going to appear at once.(L) 12 He said: “A man of noble birth went to a distant country to have himself appointed king and then to return. 13 So he called ten of his servants(M) and gave them ten minas.[a] ‘Put this money to work,’ he said, ‘until I come back.’

14 “But his subjects hated him and sent a delegation after him to say, ‘We don’t want this man to be our king.’

15 “He was made king, however, and returned home. Then he sent for the servants to whom he had given the money, in order to find out what they had gained with it.

16 “The first one came and said, ‘Sir, your mina has earned ten more.’

17 “‘Well done, my good servant!’(N) his master replied. ‘Because you have been trustworthy in a very small matter, take charge of ten cities.’(O)

18 “The second came and said, ‘Sir, your mina has earned five more.’

19 “His master answered, ‘You take charge of five cities.’

20 “Then another servant came and said, ‘Sir, here is your mina; I have kept it laid away in a piece of cloth. 21 I was afraid of you, because you are a hard man. You take out what you did not put in and reap what you did not sow.’(P)

22 “His master replied, ‘I will judge you by your own words,(Q) you wicked servant! You knew, did you, that I am a hard man, taking out what I did not put in, and reaping what I did not sow?(R) 23 Why then didn’t you put my money on deposit, so that when I came back, I could have collected it with interest?’

24 “Then he said to those standing by, ‘Take his mina away from him and give it to the one who has ten minas.’

25 “‘Sir,’ they said, ‘he already has ten!’

26 “He replied, ‘I tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given, but as for the one who has nothing, even what they have will be taken away.(S) 27 But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them—bring them here and kill them in front of me.’”


  1. Luke 19:13 A mina was about three months’ wages.
New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 87

Psalm 87

Of the Sons of Korah. A psalm. A song.

He has founded his city on the holy mountain.(A)
The Lord loves the gates of Zion(B)
more than all the other dwellings of Jacob.

Glorious things are said of you,
city of God:[a](C)
“I will record Rahab[b](D) and Babylon
among those who acknowledge me—
Philistia(E) too, and Tyre(F), along with Cush[c]
and will say, ‘This one was born in Zion.’”[d](G)
Indeed, of Zion it will be said,
“This one and that one were born in her,
and the Most High himself will establish her.”
The Lord will write in the register(H) of the peoples:
“This one was born in Zion.”

As they make music(I) they will sing,
“All my fountains(J) are in you.”


  1. Psalm 87:3 The Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here and at the end of verse 6.
  2. Psalm 87:4 A poetic name for Egypt
  3. Psalm 87:4 That is, the upper Nile region
  4. Psalm 87:4 Or “I will record concerning those who acknowledge me: / ‘This one was born in Zion.’ / Hear this, Rahab and Babylon, / and you too, Philistia, Tyre and Cush.”
New International Version (NIV)

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Proverbs 13:11

11 Dishonest money dwindles away,(A)
but whoever gathers money little by little makes it grow.

Cross references:

  1. Proverbs 13:11 : S Pr 10:2
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday April 17, 2024 (NIV)

Joshua 15

Allotment for Judah(A)

15 The allotment for the tribe of Judah, according to its clans, extended down to the territory of Edom,(B) to the Desert of Zin(C) in the extreme south.(D)

Their southern boundary started from the bay at the southern end of the Dead Sea,(E) crossed south of Scorpion Pass,(F) continued on to Zin and went over to the south of Kadesh Barnea.(G) Then it ran past Hezron up to Addar and curved around to Karka. It then passed along to Azmon(H) and joined the Wadi of Egypt,(I) ending at the Mediterranean Sea. This is their[a] southern boundary.

The eastern boundary(J) is the Dead Sea(K) as far as the mouth of the Jordan.

The northern boundary(L) started from the bay of the sea at the mouth of the Jordan, went up to Beth Hoglah(M) and continued north of Beth Arabah(N) to the Stone of Bohan(O) son of Reuben. The boundary then went up to Debir(P) from the Valley of Achor(Q) and turned north to Gilgal,(R) which faces the Pass of Adummim south of the gorge. It continued along to the waters of En Shemesh(S) and came out at En Rogel.(T) Then it ran up the Valley of Ben Hinnom(U) along the southern slope of the Jebusite(V) city (that is, Jerusalem(W)). From there it climbed to the top of the hill west of the Hinnom Valley(X) at the northern end of the Valley of Rephaim.(Y) From the hilltop the boundary headed toward the spring of the waters of Nephtoah,(Z) came out at the towns of Mount Ephron and went down toward Baalah(AA) (that is, Kiriath Jearim).(AB) 10 Then it curved westward from Baalah(AC) to Mount Seir,(AD) ran along the northern slope of Mount Jearim (that is, Kesalon), continued down to Beth Shemesh(AE) and crossed to Timnah.(AF) 11 It went to the northern slope of Ekron,(AG) turned toward Shikkeron, passed along to Mount Baalah(AH) and reached Jabneel.(AI) The boundary ended at the sea.

12 The western boundary is the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea.(AJ)

These are the boundaries around the people of Judah by their clans.

13 In accordance with the Lord’s command to him, Joshua gave to Caleb(AK) son of Jephunneh a portion in Judah—Kiriath Arba(AL), that is, Hebron.(AM) (Arba was the forefather of Anak.)(AN) 14 From Hebron Caleb drove out the three Anakites(AO)—Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai,(AP) the sons of Anak.(AQ) 15 From there he marched against the people living in Debir (formerly called Kiriath Sepher). 16 And Caleb said, “I will give my daughter Aksah(AR) in marriage to the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher.” 17 Othniel(AS) son of Kenaz, Caleb’s brother, took it; so Caleb gave his daughter Aksah to him in marriage.

18 One day when she came to Othniel, she urged him[b] to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What can I do for you?”

19 She replied, “Do me a special favor. Since you have given me land in the Negev,(AT) give me also springs of water.” So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.(AU)

20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of Judah, according to its clans:

21 The southernmost towns of the tribe of Judah in the Negev(AV) toward the boundary of Edom were:

Kabzeel,(AW) Eder,(AX) Jagur, 22 Kinah, Dimonah, Adadah, 23 Kedesh,(AY) Hazor,(AZ) Ithnan, 24 Ziph,(BA) Telem, Bealoth, 25 Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth Hezron (that is, Hazor),(BB) 26 Amam, Shema, Moladah,(BC) 27 Hazar Gaddah, Heshmon, Beth Pelet, 28 Hazar Shual,(BD) Beersheba,(BE) Biziothiah, 29 Baalah,(BF) Iyim, Ezem,(BG) 30 Eltolad,(BH) Kesil, Hormah,(BI) 31 Ziklag,(BJ) Madmannah,(BK) Sansannah, 32 Lebaoth, Shilhim, Ain(BL) and Rimmon(BM)—a total of twenty-nine towns and their villages.

33 In the western foothills:

Eshtaol,(BN) Zorah,(BO) Ashnah,(BP) 34 Zanoah,(BQ) En Gannim,(BR) Tappuah,(BS) Enam, 35 Jarmuth,(BT) Adullam,(BU) Sokoh,(BV) Azekah,(BW) 36 Shaaraim,(BX) Adithaim and Gederah(BY) (or Gederothaim)[c]—fourteen towns and their villages.

37 Zenan, Hadashah, Migdal Gad, 38 Dilean, Mizpah,(BZ) Joktheel,(CA) 39 Lachish,(CB) Bozkath,(CC) Eglon,(CD) 40 Kabbon, Lahmas, Kitlish, 41 Gederoth,(CE) Beth Dagon,(CF) Naamah and Makkedah(CG)—sixteen towns and their villages.

42 Libnah,(CH) Ether, Ashan,(CI) 43 Iphtah, Ashnah,(CJ) Nezib, 44 Keilah,(CK) Akzib(CL) and Mareshah(CM)—nine towns and their villages.

45 Ekron,(CN) with its surrounding settlements and villages; 46 west of Ekron, all that were in the vicinity of Ashdod,(CO) together with their villages; 47 Ashdod,(CP) its surrounding settlements and villages; and Gaza, its settlements and villages, as far as the Wadi of Egypt(CQ) and the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea.(CR)

48 In the hill country:

Shamir,(CS) Jattir,(CT) Sokoh,(CU) 49 Dannah, Kiriath Sannah (that is, Debir(CV)), 50 Anab,(CW) Eshtemoh,(CX) Anim, 51 Goshen,(CY) Holon(CZ) and Giloh(DA)—eleven towns and their villages.

52 Arab, Dumah,(DB) Eshan, 53 Janim, Beth Tappuah, Aphekah, 54 Humtah, Kiriath Arba(DC) (that is, Hebron) and Zior—nine towns and their villages.

55 Maon,(DD) Carmel,(DE) Ziph,(DF) Juttah,(DG) 56 Jezreel,(DH) Jokdeam, Zanoah,(DI) 57 Kain, Gibeah(DJ) and Timnah(DK)—ten towns and their villages.

58 Halhul, Beth Zur,(DL) Gedor,(DM) 59 Maarath, Beth Anoth and Eltekon—six towns and their villages.[d]

60 Kiriath Baal(DN) (that is, Kiriath Jearim(DO)) and Rabbah(DP)—two towns and their villages.

61 In the wilderness:(DQ)

Beth Arabah,(DR) Middin, Sekakah, 62 Nibshan, the City of Salt and En Gedi(DS)—six towns and their villages.

63 Judah could not(DT) dislodge the Jebusites(DU), who were living in Jerusalem;(DV) to this day the Jebusites live there with the people of Judah.(DW)


  1. Joshua 15:4 Septuagint; Hebrew your
  2. Joshua 15:18 Hebrew and some Septuagint manuscripts; other Septuagint manuscripts (see also note at Judges 1:14) Othniel, he urged her
  3. Joshua 15:36 Or Gederah and Gederothaim
  4. Joshua 15:59 The Septuagint adds another district of eleven towns, including Tekoa and Ephrathah (Bethlehem).

Cross references:

  1. Joshua 15:1 : 15:15-19pp — Jdg 1:11-15
  2. Joshua 15:1 : Nu 34:3
  3. Joshua 15:1 : S Nu 13:21
  4. Joshua 15:1 : Jos 18:5
  5. Joshua 15:2 : S Ge 14:3
  6. Joshua 15:3 : S Nu 34:4
  7. Joshua 15:3 : S Dt 1:2
  8. Joshua 15:4 : Nu 34:4
  9. Joshua 15:4 : S Ge 15:18
  10. Joshua 15:5 : Nu 34:10
  11. Joshua 15:5 : S Ge 14:3
  12. Joshua 15:5 : Jos 18:15-19
  13. Joshua 15:6 : Jos 18:19, 21
  14. Joshua 15:6 : ver 61; Jos 18:18
  15. Joshua 15:6 : Jos 18:17
  16. Joshua 15:7 : S Jos 10:3
  17. Joshua 15:7 : S Jos 7:24
  18. Joshua 15:7 : S Dt 11:30
  19. Joshua 15:7 : Jos 18:17
  20. Joshua 15:7 : Jos 18:16; 2Sa 17:17; 1Ki 1:9
  21. Joshua 15:8 : 2Ch 28:3; Jer 19:6
  22. Joshua 15:8 : ver 63; Jos 18:16, 28; Jdg 1:21; 19:10; 2Sa 5:6; 1Ch 11:4; Ezr 9:1
  23. Joshua 15:8 : S Jos 10:1
  24. Joshua 15:8 : 2Ki 23:10; Jer 7:31; 19:2
  25. Joshua 15:8 : 2Sa 5:18, 22; 1Ch 14:9; Isa 17:5
  26. Joshua 15:9 : Jos 18:15
  27. Joshua 15:9 : ver 10, 11, 29; 2Sa 6:2; 1Ch 13:6
  28. Joshua 15:9 : S Jos 9:17
  29. Joshua 15:10 : S ver 9
  30. Joshua 15:10 : S Nu 24:18
  31. Joshua 15:10 : Jos 19:22, 38; 21:16; Jdg 1:33; 1Sa 6:9; 1Ki 4:9; 2Ki 14:11
  32. Joshua 15:10 : S Ge 38:12
  33. Joshua 15:11 : S Jos 13:3
  34. Joshua 15:11 : S ver 9
  35. Joshua 15:11 : Jos 19:33
  36. Joshua 15:12 : S Nu 34:6
  37. Joshua 15:13 : 1Sa 25:3; 30:14
  38. Joshua 15:13 : S Ge 23:2
  39. Joshua 15:13 : S Jos 10:36; 21:12; 1Ch 6:56
  40. Joshua 15:13 : S Nu 13:22
  41. Joshua 15:14 : S Nu 13:33
  42. Joshua 15:14 : S Nu 13:22
  43. Joshua 15:14 : Jdg 1:10, 20
  44. Joshua 15:16 : 1Ch 2:49
  45. Joshua 15:17 : Jdg 3:9, 11; 1Ch 4:13; 27:15
  46. Joshua 15:19 : S Jos 10:40
  47. Joshua 15:19 : Ge 36:24
  48. Joshua 15:21 : S Jos 10:40
  49. Joshua 15:21 : 2Sa 23:20; 1Ch 11:22
  50. Joshua 15:21 : Ge 35:21
  51. Joshua 15:23 : S Jos 12:22
  52. Joshua 15:23 : S Jos 11:1
  53. Joshua 15:24 : ver 55; 1Sa 23:14; 2Ch 11:8
  54. Joshua 15:25 : S Jos 11:1
  55. Joshua 15:26 : Jos 19:2; 1Ch 4:28; Ne 11:26
  56. Joshua 15:28 : Jos 19:3; 1Ch 4:28
  57. Joshua 15:28 : S Ge 21:14
  58. Joshua 15:29 : S ver 9
  59. Joshua 15:29 : Jos 19:3; 1Ch 4:29
  60. Joshua 15:30 : Jos 19:4
  61. Joshua 15:30 : S Nu 14:45
  62. Joshua 15:31 : Jos 19:5; 1Sa 27:6; 1Ch 4:30; 12:1; Ne 11:28
  63. Joshua 15:31 : 1Ch 2:49
  64. Joshua 15:32 : S Nu 34:11
  65. Joshua 15:32 : Jos 19:7; Jdg 20:45; 21:13; Zec 14:10
  66. Joshua 15:33 : Jos 19:41; Jdg 13:25; 16:31; 18:2
  67. Joshua 15:33 : Jdg 13:2; 18:11; 2Ch 11:10; Ne 11:29
  68. Joshua 15:33 : ver 43
  69. Joshua 15:34 : ver 56; 1Ch 4:18; Ne 3:13; 11:30
  70. Joshua 15:34 : Jos 19:21; 21:29
  71. Joshua 15:34 : S Jos 12:17
  72. Joshua 15:35 : S Jos 10:3
  73. Joshua 15:35 : S Ge 38:1
  74. Joshua 15:35 : ver 48; 1Ki 4:10
  75. Joshua 15:35 : S Jos 10:10
  76. Joshua 15:36 : 1Sa 17:52; 1Ch 4:31
  77. Joshua 15:36 : 1Ch 12:4
  78. Joshua 15:38 : S Jos 11:3
  79. Joshua 15:38 : 2Ki 14:7
  80. Joshua 15:39 : S Jos 10:3
  81. Joshua 15:39 : 2Ki 22:1
  82. Joshua 15:39 : S Jos 10:3
  83. Joshua 15:41 : 2Ch 28:18
  84. Joshua 15:41 : Jos 19:27
  85. Joshua 15:41 : S Jos 10:10
  86. Joshua 15:42 : S Nu 33:20
  87. Joshua 15:42 : Jos 19:7; 1Sa 30:30; 1Ch 4:32; 6:59
  88. Joshua 15:43 : ver 33
  89. Joshua 15:44 : 1Sa 23:1-2, 1; 1Ch 4:19; Ne 3:17, 18
  90. Joshua 15:44 : Jos 19:29; Jdg 1:31; Mic 1:14
  91. Joshua 15:44 : Mic 1:15
  92. Joshua 15:45 : S Jos 13:3
  93. Joshua 15:46 : Jos 11:22
  94. Joshua 15:47 : S Jos 11:22
  95. Joshua 15:47 : S Ge 15:18
  96. Joshua 15:47 : S Nu 34:6
  97. Joshua 15:48 : Jdg 10:1
  98. Joshua 15:48 : Jos 21:14; 1Sa 30:27; 1Ch 6:57
  99. Joshua 15:48 : S ver 35
  100. Joshua 15:49 : S Jos 10:3
  101. Joshua 15:50 : Jos 11:21
  102. Joshua 15:50 : Jos 21:14; 1Sa 30:28
  103. Joshua 15:51 : S Jos 10:41
  104. Joshua 15:51 : Jos 21:15; Jer 48:21
  105. Joshua 15:51 : 2Sa 15:12
  106. Joshua 15:52 : S Ge 25:14
  107. Joshua 15:54 : S Ge 35:27
  108. Joshua 15:55 : Jdg 10:12; 1Sa 23:24, 25; 25:1, 2; 1Ch 2:45
  109. Joshua 15:55 : S Jos 12:22
  110. Joshua 15:55 : S ver 24
  111. Joshua 15:55 : Jos 21:16
  112. Joshua 15:56 : Jos 17:16; 19:18; Jdg 6:33; 1Sa 25:43; 1Ki 18:45; 1Ch 3:1; Hos 1:5
  113. Joshua 15:56 : S ver 34
  114. Joshua 15:57 : Jos 18:28; 24:33; Jdg 19:12; 20:4; 2Sa 23:29; 1Ch 11:31
  115. Joshua 15:57 : S Ge 38:12
  116. Joshua 15:58 : 1Ch 2:45; 2Ch 11:7; Ne 3:16
  117. Joshua 15:58 : 1Ch 4:39; 12:7
  118. Joshua 15:60 : ver 9
  119. Joshua 15:60 : S Jos 9:17
  120. Joshua 15:60 : S Dt 3:11
  121. Joshua 15:61 : S Jos 8:15
  122. Joshua 15:61 : S ver 6
  123. Joshua 15:62 : 1Sa 23:29; 24:1; Eze 47:10
  124. Joshua 15:63 : Jos 16:10; 17:12; Jdg 1:21; 1Ki 9:21
  125. Joshua 15:63 : S ver 8
  126. Joshua 15:63 : S Jos 10:1
  127. Joshua 15:63 : Eze 48:7
New International Version (NIV)

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Luke 18:18-43

The Rich and the Kingdom of God(A)

18 A certain ruler asked him, “Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?”(B)

19 “Why do you call me good?” Jesus answered. “No one is good—except God alone. 20 You know the commandments: ‘You shall not commit adultery, you shall not murder, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother.’[a](C)

21 “All these I have kept since I was a boy,” he said.

22 When Jesus heard this, he said to him, “You still lack one thing. Sell everything you have and give to the poor,(D) and you will have treasure in heaven.(E) Then come, follow me.”

23 When he heard this, he became very sad, because he was very wealthy. 24 Jesus looked at him and said, “How hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of God!(F) 25 Indeed, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of God.”

26 Those who heard this asked, “Who then can be saved?”

27 Jesus replied, “What is impossible with man is possible with God.”(G)

28 Peter said to him, “We have left all we had to follow you!”(H)

29 “Truly I tell you,” Jesus said to them, “no one who has left home or wife or brothers or sisters or parents or children for the sake of the kingdom of God 30 will fail to receive many times as much in this age, and in the age to come(I) eternal life.”(J)

Jesus Predicts His Death a Third Time(K)

31 Jesus took the Twelve aside and told them, “We are going up to Jerusalem,(L) and everything that is written by the prophets(M) about the Son of Man(N) will be fulfilled. 32 He will be delivered over to the Gentiles.(O) They will mock him, insult him and spit on him; 33 they will flog him(P) and kill him.(Q) On the third day(R) he will rise again.”(S)

34 The disciples did not understand any of this. Its meaning was hidden from them, and they did not know what he was talking about.(T)

A Blind Beggar Receives His Sight(U)

35 As Jesus approached Jericho,(V) a blind man was sitting by the roadside begging. 36 When he heard the crowd going by, he asked what was happening. 37 They told him, “Jesus of Nazareth is passing by.”(W)

38 He called out, “Jesus, Son of David,(X) have mercy(Y) on me!”

39 Those who led the way rebuked him and told him to be quiet, but he shouted all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!”(Z)

40 Jesus stopped and ordered the man to be brought to him. When he came near, Jesus asked him, 41 “What do you want me to do for you?”

“Lord, I want to see,” he replied.

42 Jesus said to him, “Receive your sight; your faith has healed you.”(AA) 43 Immediately he received his sight and followed Jesus, praising God. When all the people saw it, they also praised God.(AB)


  1. Luke 18:20 Exodus 20:12-16; Deut. 5:16-20
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Psalm 86

Psalm 86

A prayer of David.

Hear me, Lord, and answer(A) me,
for I am poor and needy.
Guard my life, for I am faithful to you;
save your servant who trusts in you.(B)
You are my God; have mercy(C) on me, Lord,
for I call(D) to you all day long.
Bring joy to your servant, Lord,
for I put my trust(E) in you.

You, Lord, are forgiving and good,
abounding in love(F) to all who call to you.
Hear my prayer, Lord;
listen to my cry(G) for mercy.
When I am in distress,(H) I call(I) to you,
because you answer(J) me.

Among the gods(K) there is none like you,(L) Lord;
no deeds can compare with yours.
All the nations you have made
will come(M) and worship(N) before you, Lord;
they will bring glory(O) to your name.
10 For you are great(P) and do marvelous deeds;(Q)
you alone(R) are God.

11 Teach me your way,(S) Lord,
that I may rely on your faithfulness;(T)
give me an undivided(U) heart,
that I may fear(V) your name.
12 I will praise you, Lord my God, with all my heart;(W)
I will glorify your name forever.
13 For great is your love toward me;
you have delivered me(X) from the depths,
from the realm of the dead.(Y)

14 Arrogant foes are attacking me, O God;
ruthless people are trying to kill me—
they have no regard for you.(Z)
15 But you, Lord, are a compassionate and gracious(AA) God,
slow to anger,(AB) abounding(AC) in love and faithfulness.(AD)
16 Turn to me(AE) and have mercy(AF) on me;
show your strength(AG) in behalf of your servant;
save me, because I serve you
just as my mother did.(AH)
17 Give me a sign(AI) of your goodness,
that my enemies may see it and be put to shame,
for you, Lord, have helped me and comforted me.

New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Proverbs 13:9-10

The light of the righteous shines brightly,
but the lamp of the wicked is snuffed out.(A)

10 Where there is strife, there is pride,
but wisdom is found in those who take advice.(B)

New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday April 16, 2024 (NIV)

Joshua 13-14

The Land Still to Be Taken

13 Joshua was now very old. The Lord said to him, “You are very old, but there is still much land to be taken: all the territory of Philistia and Geshur, as well as all the territory of the Avvim to the south. (The land from the stream Shihor, at the Egyptian border, as far north as the border of Ekron was considered Canaanite; the kings of the Philistines lived at Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron.) There is still all the Canaanite country, and Mearah (which belonged to the Sidonians), as far as Aphek, at the Amorite border; the land of the Gebalites; all of Lebanon to the east, from Baalgad, which is south of Mount Hermon, to Hamath Pass. (A)This includes all the territory of the Sidonians, who live in the hill country between the Lebanon Mountains and Misrephoth Maim. I will drive all these peoples out as the people of Israel advance. You must divide the land among the Israelites, just as I have commanded you to do. Now then, divide this land among the other nine tribes and half of the tribe of Manasseh, for them to possess as their own.”

The Division of the Territory East of the Jordan

(B)The tribes of Reuben and Gad and the other half of the tribe of Manasseh had already received the land that Moses, the Lord's servant, had given them; it was on the east side of the Jordan River. Their territory extended to Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley) and the city in the middle of that valley and included all of the plateau from Medeba to Dibon. 10 It went as far as the border of Ammon and included all the cities that had been ruled by the Amorite king Sihon, who had ruled at Heshbon. 11 It included Gilead, the regions of Geshur and Maacah, all of Mount Hermon, and all of Bashan as far as Salecah. 12 It included the kingdom of Og, the last of the Rephaim, who had ruled at Ashtaroth and Edrei. Moses had defeated these people and driven them out. 13 However, the Israelites did not drive out the people of Geshur and Maacah; they still live in Israel.

14 (C)Moses had given no land to the tribe of Levi. As the Lord had told Moses, they were to receive as their possession a share of the sacrifices burned on the altar to the Lord God of Israel.

The Territory Assigned to Reuben

15 Moses had given a part of the land to the families of the tribe of Reuben as their possession. 16 Their territory extended to Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley) and the city in the middle of that valley and included all the plateau around Medeba. 17 It included Heshbon and all the cities on the plateau: Dibon, Bamoth Baal, Beth Baalmeon, 18 Jahaz, Kedemoth, Mephaath, 19 Kiriathaim, Sibmah, Zereth Shahar on the hill in the valley, 20 Bethpeor, the slopes of Mount Pisgah, and Beth Jeshimoth. 21 It included all the cities of the plateau and the whole kingdom of the Amorite king Sihon, who had ruled at Heshbon. Moses defeated him, as well as the rulers of Midian: Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba. All of them had ruled the land for King Sihon. 22 Among those whom the people of Israel killed was the fortune teller Balaam son of Beor. 23 The Jordan was the western border of the tribe of Reuben. These were the cities and towns given to the families of the tribe of Reuben as their possession.

The Territory Assigned to Gad

24 Moses had also given a part of the land to the families of the tribe of Gad as their possession. 25 Their territory included Jazer and all the cities of Gilead, half the land of Ammon as far as Aroer, which is east of Rabbah; 26 their land extended from Heshbon to Ramath Mizpeh and Betonim, from Mahanaim to the border of Lodebar. 27 In the Jordan Valley it included Beth Haram, Bethnimrah, Sukkoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of King Sihon of Heshbon. Their western border was the Jordan River as far north as Lake Galilee. 28 These were the cities and towns given to the families of the tribe of Gad as their possession.

The Territory Assigned to East Manasseh

29 Moses had given a part of the land to the families of half the tribe of Manasseh as their possession. 30 Their territory extended to Mahanaim and included all of Bashan—the whole kingdom of Og, the king of Bashan, as well as all sixty of the villages of Jair in Bashan. 31 It included half of Gilead, as well as Ashtaroth and Edrei, the capital cities of Og's kingdom in Bashan. All this was given to half the families descended from Machir son of Manasseh.

32 This is how Moses divided the land east of Jericho and the Jordan when he was in the plains of Moab. 33 (D)But Moses did not assign any land to the tribe of Levi. He told them that their possession was to be a share of the offerings to the Lord God of Israel.

The Division of the Territory West of the Jordan

14 What follows is an account of how the land of Canaan west of the Jordan was divided among the people of Israel. Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders of the families of the Israelite tribes divided it among the population. (E)As the Lord had commanded Moses, the territories of the nine and one-half tribes west of the Jordan were determined by drawing lots.[a] 3-4 (F)Moses had already assigned the land east of the Jordan to the other two and one-half tribes. (The descendants of Joseph were divided into two tribes: Manasseh and Ephraim.) However, Moses gave the Levites no portion of the territory. Instead, they received cities to live in, with fields for their cattle and flocks. The people of Israel divided the land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Hebron Is Given to Caleb

(G)One day some people from the tribe of Judah came to Joshua at Gilgal. One of them, Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, said to him, “You know what the Lord said in Kadesh Barnea about you and me to Moses, the man of God. (H)I was forty years old when the Lord's servant Moses sent me from Kadesh Barnea to spy out this land. I brought an honest report back to him. The men who went with me, however, made our people afraid. But I faithfully obeyed the Lord my God. (I)Because I did, Moses promised me that my children and I would certainly receive as our possession the land which I walked over. 10 But now, look. It has been forty-five years since the Lord said that to Moses. That was when Israel was going through the desert, and the Lord, as he promised, has kept me alive ever since. Look at me! I am eighty-five years old 11 and am just as strong today as I was when Moses sent me out. I am still strong enough for war or for anything else. 12 Now then, give me the hill country that the Lord promised me on that day when my men and I reported. We told you then that the race of giants called the Anakim were there in large walled cities. Maybe the Lord will be with me, and I will drive them out, just as the Lord said.”

13 Joshua blessed Caleb son of Jephunneh and gave him the city of Hebron as his possession. 14 Hebron still belongs to the descendants of Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, because he faithfully obeyed the Lord, the God of Israel. 15 Before this, Hebron was called the city of Arba. (Arba had been the greatest of the Anakim.)

There was now peace in the land.


  1. Joshua 14:2 This was usually done by using specially marked stones to determine God's will.
Good News Translation (GNT)

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Luke 18:1-17

The Parable of the Widow and the Judge

18 Then Jesus told his disciples a parable to teach them that they should always pray and never become discouraged. “In a certain town there was a judge who neither feared God nor respected people. And there was a widow in that same town who kept coming to him and pleading for her rights, saying, ‘Help me against my opponent!’ For a long time the judge refused to act, but at last he said to himself, ‘Even though I don't fear God or respect people, yet because of all the trouble this widow is giving me, I will see to it that she gets her rights. If I don't, she will keep on coming and finally wear me out!’”

And the Lord continued, “Listen to what that corrupt judge said. (A)Now, will God not judge in favor of his own people who cry to him day and night for help? Will he be slow to help them? I tell you, he will judge in their favor and do it quickly. But will the Son of Man find faith on earth when he comes?”

The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector

Jesus also told this parable to people who were sure of their own goodness and despised everybody else. 10 “Once there were two men who went up to the Temple to pray: one was a Pharisee, the other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee stood apart by himself and prayed,[a] ‘I thank you, God, that I am not greedy, dishonest, or an adulterer, like everybody else. I thank you that I am not like that tax collector over there. 12 I fast two days a week, and I give you one tenth of all my income.’ 13 (B)But the tax collector stood at a distance and would not even raise his face to heaven, but beat on his breast and said, ‘God, have pity on me, a sinner!’ 14 (C)I tell you,” said Jesus, “the tax collector, and not the Pharisee, was in the right with God when he went home. For those who make themselves great will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be made great.”

Jesus Blesses Little Children(D)

15 Some people brought their babies to Jesus for him to place his hands on them. The disciples saw them and scolded them for doing so, 16 but Jesus called the children to him and said, “Let the children come to me and do not stop them, because the Kingdom of God belongs to such as these. 17 Remember this! Whoever does not receive the Kingdom of God like a child will never enter it.”


  1. Luke 18:11 stood apart by himself and prayed; some manuscripts have stood up and prayed to himself.
Good News Translation (GNT)

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Psalm 85

A Prayer for the Nation's Welfare[a]

85 Lord, you have been merciful to your land;
you have made Israel prosperous again.
You have forgiven your people's sins
and pardoned all their wrongs.
You stopped being angry with them
and held back your furious rage.

Bring us back, O God our savior,
and stop being displeased with us!
Will you be angry with us forever?
Will your anger never cease?
Make us strong again,
and we, your people, will praise you.
Show us your constant love, O Lord,
and give us your saving help.

I am listening to what the Lord God is saying;
he promises peace to us, his own people,
if we do not go back to our foolish ways.
Surely he is ready to save those who honor him,
and his saving presence will remain in our land.

10 Love and faithfulness will meet;
righteousness and peace will embrace.
11 Human loyalty will reach up from the earth,
and God's righteousness will look down from heaven.
12 The Lord will make us prosperous,
and our land will produce rich harvests.
13 Righteousness will go before the Lord
and prepare the path for him.


  1. Psalm 85:1 HEBREW TITLE: A psalm by the clan of Korah.
Good News Translation (GNT)

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Proverbs 13:7-8

Some people pretend to be rich, but have nothing. Others pretend to be poor, but own a fortune.

The rich have to use their money to save their lives, but no one threatens the poor.

Good News Translation (GNT)

Good News Translation® (Today’s English Version, Second Edition) © 1992 American Bible Society. All rights reserved. For more information about GNT, visit and

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday April 15, 2024 (NIV)

Joshua 11-12

Northern Kings Defeated

11 When Jabin(A) king of Hazor(B) heard of this, he sent word to Jobab king of Madon, to the kings of Shimron(C) and Akshaph,(D) and to the northern kings who were in the mountains, in the Arabah(E) south of Kinnereth,(F) in the western foothills and in Naphoth Dor(G) on the west; to the Canaanites in the east and west; to the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites(H) and Jebusites in the hill country;(I) and to the Hivites(J) below Hermon(K) in the region of Mizpah.(L) They came out with all their troops and a large number of horses and chariots—a huge army, as numerous as the sand on the seashore.(M) All these kings joined forces(N) and made camp together at the Waters of Merom(O) to fight against Israel.

The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid of them, because by this time tomorrow I will hand(P) all of them, slain, over to Israel. You are to hamstring(Q) their horses and burn their chariots.”(R)

So Joshua and his whole army came against them suddenly at the Waters of Merom and attacked them, and the Lord gave them into the hand of Israel. They defeated them and pursued them all the way to Greater Sidon,(S) to Misrephoth Maim,(T) and to the Valley of Mizpah on the east, until no survivors were left. Joshua did to them as the Lord had directed: He hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots.

10 At that time Joshua turned back and captured Hazor and put its king to the sword.(U) (Hazor had been the head of all these kingdoms.) 11 Everyone in it they put to the sword. They totally destroyed[a] them,(V) not sparing anyone that breathed,(W) and he burned(X) Hazor itself.

12 Joshua took all these royal cities and their kings and put them to the sword. He totally destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded.(Y) 13 Yet Israel did not burn any of the cities built on their mounds—except Hazor, which Joshua burned. 14 The Israelites carried off for themselves all the plunder and livestock of these cities, but all the people they put to the sword until they completely destroyed them, not sparing anyone that breathed.(Z) 15 As the Lord commanded his servant Moses, so Moses commanded Joshua, and Joshua did it; he left nothing undone of all that the Lord commanded Moses.(AA)

16 So Joshua took this entire land: the hill country,(AB) all the Negev,(AC) the whole region of Goshen, the western foothills,(AD) the Arabah and the mountains of Israel with their foothills, 17 from Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir,(AE) to Baal Gad(AF) in the Valley of Lebanon(AG) below Mount Hermon.(AH) He captured all their kings and put them to death.(AI) 18 Joshua waged war against all these kings for a long time. 19 Except for the Hivites(AJ) living in Gibeon,(AK) not one city made a treaty of peace(AL) with the Israelites, who took them all in battle. 20 For it was the Lord himself who hardened their hearts(AM) to wage war against Israel, so that he might destroy them totally, exterminating them without mercy, as the Lord had commanded Moses.(AN)

21 At that time Joshua went and destroyed the Anakites(AO) from the hill country: from Hebron, Debir(AP) and Anab,(AQ) from all the hill country of Judah, and from all the hill country of Israel. Joshua totally destroyed them and their towns. 22 No Anakites were left in Israelite territory; only in Gaza,(AR) Gath(AS) and Ashdod(AT) did any survive.

23 So Joshua took the entire land,(AU) just as the Lord had directed Moses, and he gave it as an inheritance(AV) to Israel according to their tribal divisions.(AW) Then the land had rest(AX) from war.(AY)

List of Defeated Kings

12 These are the kings of the land whom the Israelites had defeated and whose territory they took(AZ) over east of the Jordan,(BA) from the Arnon(BB) Gorge to Mount Hermon,(BC) including all the eastern side of the Arabah:(BD)

Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon.(BE)

He ruled from Aroer(BF) on the rim of the Arnon Gorge—from the middle of the gorge—to the Jabbok River,(BG) which is the border of the Ammonites.(BH) This included half of Gilead.(BI) He also ruled over the eastern Arabah from the Sea of Galilee[b](BJ) to the Sea of the Arabah (that is, the Dead Sea(BK)), to Beth Jeshimoth,(BL) and then southward below the slopes of Pisgah.(BM)

And the territory of Og king of Bashan,(BN) one of the last of the Rephaites,(BO) who reigned in Ashtaroth(BP) and Edrei.

He ruled over Mount Hermon, Salekah,(BQ) all of Bashan(BR) to the border of the people of Geshur(BS) and Maakah,(BT) and half of Gilead(BU) to the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.

Moses, the servant of the Lord, and the Israelites conquered them.(BV) And Moses the servant of the Lord gave their land to the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh to be their possession.(BW)

Here is a list of the kings of the land that Joshua and the Israelites conquered on the west side of the Jordan, from Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon(BX) to Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir. Joshua gave their lands as an inheritance to the tribes of Israel according to their tribal divisions. The lands included the hill country, the western foothills, the Arabah, the mountain slopes, the wilderness and the Negev.(BY) These were the lands of the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites. These were the kings:(BZ)

the king of Jericho(CA)one
the king of Ai(CB) (near Bethel(CC))one
10 the king of Jerusalem(CD)one
the king of Hebronone
11 the king of Jarmuthone
the king of Lachish(CE)one
12 the king of Eglon(CF)one
the king of Gezer(CG)one
13 the king of Debir(CH)one
the king of Gederone
14 the king of Hormah(CI)one
the king of Arad(CJ)one
15 the king of Libnah(CK)one
the king of Adullam(CL)one
16 the king of Makkedah(CM)one
the king of Bethel(CN)one
17 the king of Tappuah(CO)one
the king of Hepher(CP)one
18 the king of Aphek(CQ)one
the king of Lasharonone
19 the king of Madonone
the king of Hazor(CR)one
20 the king of Shimron Meronone
the king of Akshaph(CS)one
21 the king of Taanach(CT)one
the king of Megiddo(CU)one
22 the king of Kedesh(CV)one
the king of Jokneam(CW) in Carmel(CX)one
23 the king of Dor (in Naphoth Dor(CY))one
the king of Goyim in Gilgalone
24 the king of Tirzah(CZ)one
thirty-one kings in all.(DA)


  1. Joshua 11:11 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verses 12, 20 and 21.
  2. Joshua 12:3 Hebrew Kinnereth

Cross references:

  1. Joshua 11:1 : Jdg 4:2, 7, 23; Ps 83:9
  2. Joshua 11:1 : ver 10; Jos 12:19; 15:23, 25; 19:36; Jdg 4:2, 17; 1Sa 12:9; 1Ki 9:15; 2Ki 15:29; Ne 11:33; Jer 49:28, 33
  3. Joshua 11:1 : Jos 19:15
  4. Joshua 11:1 : Jos 12:20; 19:25
  5. Joshua 11:2 : ver 16; S Dt 1:1; Jos 12:1; 18:18
  6. Joshua 11:2 : S Nu 34:11; Dt 3:17; Jos 19:35; 1Ki 15:20
  7. Joshua 11:2 : Jos 12:23; 17:11; Jdg 1:27; 1Ki 4:11; 1Ch 7:29
  8. Joshua 11:3 : S Jos 3:10
  9. Joshua 11:3 : Nu 13:17
  10. Joshua 11:3 : S Ex 3:8; Dt 7:1; Jdg 3:3, 5; 1Ki 9:20
  11. Joshua 11:3 : S Dt 3:8
  12. Joshua 11:3 : ver 8; S Ge 31:49; Jos 15:38; 18:26; Jdg 11:11; 20:1; 21:1; 1Sa 7:5, 6; 1Ki 15:22; 2Ki 25:23
  13. Joshua 11:4 : S Ge 12:2; Jdg 7:12; 1Sa 13:5
  14. Joshua 11:5 : Jdg 5:19
  15. Joshua 11:5 : ver 7
  16. Joshua 11:6 : S Jos 2:24
  17. Joshua 11:6 : S Ge 49:6
  18. Joshua 11:6 : ver 9
  19. Joshua 11:8 : S Ge 10:15; S Jdg 18:7
  20. Joshua 11:8 : Jos 13:6
  21. Joshua 11:10 : Isa 3:25; Jer 41:2; 44:18
  22. Joshua 11:11 : S Dt 7:2
  23. Joshua 11:11 : Dt 20:16-17
  24. Joshua 11:11 : S Nu 31:10
  25. Joshua 11:12 : Nu 33:50-52; Dt 7:2
  26. Joshua 11:14 : S Dt 20:16
  27. Joshua 11:15 : Ex 34:11; Dt 7:2; S Jos 1:7
  28. Joshua 11:16 : Nu 13:17
  29. Joshua 11:16 : S Dt 1:7
  30. Joshua 11:16 : S Jos 10:41
  31. Joshua 11:17 : S Ge 14:6; S Nu 24:18; S Dt 33:2
  32. Joshua 11:17 : Jos 13:5
  33. Joshua 11:17 : S Dt 3:25; Jos 12:7
  34. Joshua 11:17 : Dt 3:9; Jos 12:8
  35. Joshua 11:17 : Dt 7:24
  36. Joshua 11:19 : S Jos 9:1
  37. Joshua 11:19 : S Jos 9:3
  38. Joshua 11:19 : S Jos 9:15
  39. Joshua 11:20 : S Ex 4:21; S 14:17; Ro 9:18
  40. Joshua 11:20 : Dt 7:16; Jdg 14:4
  41. Joshua 11:21 : S Nu 13:22, 33
  42. Joshua 11:21 : S Jos 10:3
  43. Joshua 11:21 : Jos 15:50
  44. Joshua 11:22 : S Ge 10:19
  45. Joshua 11:22 : Jos 12:17; 19:13; 1Sa 5:8; 17:4; 1Ki 2:39; 2Ki 14:25; 1Ch 8:13; Am 6:2
  46. Joshua 11:22 : Jos 15:47; 1Sa 5:1; Isa 20:1
  47. Joshua 11:23 : Jos 21:43-45; Ne 9:24
  48. Joshua 11:23 : S Dt 1:38; 12:9-10; S 25:19; S Jos 13:7
  49. Joshua 11:23 : S Nu 26:53; Ps 105:44
  50. Joshua 11:23 : S Ex 33:14
  51. Joshua 11:23 : Jos 14:15
  52. Joshua 12:1 : Ps 136:21
  53. Joshua 12:1 : S Nu 32:19
  54. Joshua 12:1 : S Nu 21:13
  55. Joshua 12:1 : S Dt 3:8
  56. Joshua 12:1 : S Jos 11:2
  57. Joshua 12:2 : ver 5; S Nu 21:21, 25; Jos 13:10; Jdg 11:19
  58. Joshua 12:2 : S Nu 32:34; S Jos 13:16
  59. Joshua 12:2 : S Ge 32:22
  60. Joshua 12:2 : S Ge 19:38
  61. Joshua 12:2 : S Ge 31:21; S Nu 32:26; Dt 2:36; S 3:15; Jos 13:11, 25; 17:1; 20:8; 21:38; Jdg 5:17; 7:3; 10:8
  62. Joshua 12:3 : Jos 11:2
  63. Joshua 12:3 : S Ge 14:3
  64. Joshua 12:3 : S Nu 33:49; Jos 13:20
  65. Joshua 12:3 : S Nu 21:20
  66. Joshua 12:4 : S Nu 21:21, 33; Jos 13:30
  67. Joshua 12:4 : S Ge 14:5
  68. Joshua 12:4 : S Dt 1:4
  69. Joshua 12:5 : S Dt 3:10
  70. Joshua 12:5 : Nu 32:33; Jos 17:1; 20:8; 21:27; 22:7
  71. Joshua 12:5 : Jos 13:2, 13; 1Sa 27:8
  72. Joshua 12:5 : S Dt 3:14
  73. Joshua 12:5 : ver 2
  74. Joshua 12:6 : S Dt 3:8
  75. Joshua 12:6 : Nu 32:29, 33; Jos 13:8
  76. Joshua 12:7 : S Jos 11:17
  77. Joshua 12:8 : S Dt 1:7
  78. Joshua 12:8 : S Jos 3:10; S 11:17; Ezr 9:1
  79. Joshua 12:9 : S Nu 33:48
  80. Joshua 12:9 : S Ge 12:8; S Jos 8:1
  81. Joshua 12:9 : S Jos 7:2; 8:9; 18:13; Jdg 1:23; 4:5; 20:18; 21:2; Ne 11:31
  82. Joshua 12:10 : S Jos 10:1
  83. Joshua 12:11 : S Jos 10:3
  84. Joshua 12:12 : S Jos 10:3
  85. Joshua 12:12 : S Jos 10:33
  86. Joshua 12:13 : S Jos 10:3
  87. Joshua 12:14 : S Nu 14:45
  88. Joshua 12:14 : S Nu 21:1
  89. Joshua 12:15 : S Nu 33:20
  90. Joshua 12:15 : S Ge 38:1; Jos 15:35; Mic 1:15
  91. Joshua 12:16 : S Jos 10:10
  92. Joshua 12:16 : S Jos 7:2
  93. Joshua 12:17 : Jos 15:34; 16:8; 17:8
  94. Joshua 12:17 : S Jos 11:22; 1Ki 4:10
  95. Joshua 12:18 : Jos 13:4; 19:30; Jdg 1:31; 1Sa 4:1; 29:1
  96. Joshua 12:19 : S Jos 11:1
  97. Joshua 12:20 : S Jos 11:1
  98. Joshua 12:21 : Jos 17:11; 21:25
  99. Joshua 12:21 : Jdg 1:27; 5:19; 1Ki 4:12
  100. Joshua 12:22 : Jos 15:23; 19:37; 20:7; 21:32; Jdg 4:6, 9
  101. Joshua 12:22 : Jos 19:11; 21:34
  102. Joshua 12:22 : Jos 15:55; 19:26; 1Sa 15:12; 2Sa 23:35
  103. Joshua 12:23 : S Jos 11:2
  104. Joshua 12:24 : 1Ki 14:17; 15:33; 16:8, 23; SS 6:4
  105. Joshua 12:24 : Ps 135:11; 136:18
New International Version (NIV)

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Luke 17:11-37

Jesus Heals Ten Men With Leprosy

11 Now on his way to Jerusalem,(A) Jesus traveled along the border between Samaria and Galilee.(B) 12 As he was going into a village, ten men who had leprosy[a](C) met him. They stood at a distance(D) 13 and called out in a loud voice, “Jesus, Master,(E) have pity on us!”

14 When he saw them, he said, “Go, show yourselves to the priests.”(F) And as they went, they were cleansed.

15 One of them, when he saw he was healed, came back, praising God(G) in a loud voice. 16 He threw himself at Jesus’ feet and thanked him—and he was a Samaritan.(H)

17 Jesus asked, “Were not all ten cleansed? Where are the other nine? 18 Has no one returned to give praise to God except this foreigner?” 19 Then he said to him, “Rise and go; your faith has made you well.”(I)

The Coming of the Kingdom of God(J)

20 Once, on being asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come,(K) Jesus replied, “The coming of the kingdom of God is not something that can be observed, 21 nor will people say, ‘Here it is,’ or ‘There it is,’(L) because the kingdom of God is in your midst.”[b]

22 Then he said to his disciples, “The time is coming when you will long to see one of the days of the Son of Man,(M) but you will not see it.(N) 23 People will tell you, ‘There he is!’ or ‘Here he is!’ Do not go running off after them.(O) 24 For the Son of Man in his day[c] will be like the lightning,(P) which flashes and lights up the sky from one end to the other. 25 But first he must suffer many things(Q) and be rejected(R) by this generation.(S)

26 “Just as it was in the days of Noah,(T) so also will it be in the days of the Son of Man. 27 People were eating, drinking, marrying and being given in marriage up to the day Noah entered the ark. Then the flood came and destroyed them all.

28 “It was the same in the days of Lot.(U) People were eating and drinking, buying and selling, planting and building. 29 But the day Lot left Sodom, fire and sulfur rained down from heaven and destroyed them all.

30 “It will be just like this on the day the Son of Man is revealed.(V) 31 On that day no one who is on the housetop, with possessions inside, should go down to get them. Likewise, no one in the field should go back for anything.(