The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday May 9, 2021 (NIV)

1 Samuel 5-7

The Philistines brought the captured covenant chest of the True God from Ebenezer to one of their capital cities called Ashdod. There the Philistines took the chest of the True God into the house of their god, Dagon, and placed it in a place of honor beside the idol of Dagon. When the people of the city anxiously awoke early the next morning, there was Dagon, lying on his face on the ground, as if bowing before the covenant chest of the Eternal. So they grabbed the idol and put it back in its proper place. But when they awoke the next morning, only the trunk of the idol was untouched. Dagon had fallen to the ground on his face before the covenant chest of the Eternal One again, and this time his head and hands had been cut off and were lying across the threshold. That is why the priests and worshipers of Dagon in the house of Dagon in Ashdod refused to step on the threshold even till this day.

The hand of the Eternal One came down hard with punishment on the people of Ashdod while the covenant chest rested there. He ravaged the people of Ashdod and the surrounding territory and struck them with swollen, painful growths like tumors. When the people of Ashdod saw how they were cursed, they said,

People of Ashdod: We can’t let the chest of the True God of Israel remain here because their God continues to punish us and our god Dagon.

8-9 So they gathered together all the rulers of the Philistines to ask what should be done with the covenant chest of Israel’s God.

People of Gath: Send this chest of Israel’s God to us.

They did so. But after they had moved the chest of the True God of Israel to Gath, another of the capital cities, the hand of the Eternal One began to punish the people of Gath and sent them into a panic. He also struck them with swollen, painful, tumor-like growths—the young and old alike. 10 So then they sent the covenant chest of the True God of Israel on to a third capital city, Ekron; but when the people of Ekron saw that the covenant chest was coming, they protested.

People of Ekron: Have you brought this chest of the Israelite God here to kill us now?

11 So they gathered together all the rulers of the Philistines.

People of Ekron: Send away this covenant chest of the God of Israel. Send it back where it came from so that it doesn’t kill us all!

For there was great panic throughout the city. The True God’s hand rested heavily on them; 12 and those He did not kill, He struck with swollen, painful tumors. Their suffering was so intense their cries could be heard in the heavens.

The covenant chest of the Eternal One had been in the land of the Philistines for seven months. Then the rulers of the Philistines sent for their priests and fortune-tellers.

Rulers: What should we do with this chest of the Eternal One? We need to get rid of it. What should we send with it when we return it?

Priests and Fortune-tellers: Whatever you do, don’t send this covenant chest of the True God of Israel back by itself. You should certainly offer Him compensation for your guilt. If you do, you will all be healed. That’s the only way you can be certain that His hand will be lifted.

Rulers: What should we send as this guilt offering to Him when we return the covenant chest?

Ancient people understand diseases and various infestations as omens of divine wrath. In order to appease the God of the Israelites, the Philistines cast metal tumors and mice to give back to the Eternal One what He gave to them.

Priests and Fortune-Tellers: Have your artisans make five gold tumors and five gold mice, one for each of the rulers of the Philistines’ capital cities, because the same plague came upon all of the Philistines and all of our rulers. So you must make images of the tumors and of the mice that devastate our land and honor this God of Israel. Maybe then He will release His grip on this land, its people, and its gods. Why would you be as stubborn as the Egyptians and their Pharaoh were? You’ve heard the stories, haven’t you? When this God had taught them a lesson, didn’t they release the people of Israel? Didn’t they go?

So do this now: have your carpenters make a new wagon, find two milk cows that have never been yoked, and yoke them to the cart. But take away their calves and pen them up. Take this chest of the Eternal One and set it upon the wagon. In a box beside it, put the gold images you are presenting to this God as a guilt offering. Then turn the cows loose, and let them go on their way. Watch closely. If the team pulls the wagon up to this God’s country, to Beth-shemesh, then you know that He has been the One punishing us. If they don’t, then at least we’ll know that it was not His hand that struck us, that it has just been bad luck.

10 And that is what the leaders did. They separated two milk cows from their calves. They yoked the cows to the wagon and took the calves home. 11 They set the covenant chest of the Eternal upon the wagon, and next to it, they placed the box with the gold tumors and gold mice. 12 The cows went straight along the road toward Beth-shemesh, mooing after their lost calves as they went. They went straight ahead without any hesitation, and the rulers of the Philistines followed as far as the border of Beth-shemesh.

13 The people of Beth-shemesh were in the valley harvesting their wheat at that time. When they looked up and saw the covenant chest, they ran to greet it with joy. 14 The wagon came to a halt at a large stone in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh. The people split up the cart for firewood and sacrificed the cattle as a burnt offering to the Eternal One on the large stone. 15 The Levites took the chest of the Eternal and the box next to it down from the wagon. They took the gold images from the box and set them upon the stone altar. Then the people of Beth-shemesh offered sacrifices and made other burnt offerings to the Eternal One.

16 When the five rulers of the Philistines saw how their offering had been received that day, they returned to Ekron.

17 The five gold images of swollen tumors presented to the Eternal One by the Philistines as a guilt offering represented Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron—one for each. 18 Likewise the golden mice represented all the cities of the Philistines governed by their rulers, both the walled cities and the villages surrounding them. The large stone in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh where they set the chest of the Eternal remains there as a witness to these events.

19 The Eternal struck the people of Beth-shemesh because some looked into the covenant chest. God struck down 75[a] men, and the people were saddened because of the slaughter the Eternal One had brought among their people.

People of Beth-shemesh: 20 Who can stand in the presence of the Eternal One, this holy God? Who will take the covenant chest so we can be safe from Him?

21 So the people of Beth-shemesh sent messengers to the people of Kiriath-jearim to tell them that the Philistines had returned the chest of the Eternal One to Beth-shemesh and that they should come down and take it with them.

The people of Kiriath-jearim did as they were asked. They collected the chest of the Eternal One and brought it up the hill to the house of Abinadab. They performed sacred rituals to set apart his son Eleazar to be in charge of caring for the chest of the Eternal.

This section about the chest of the covenant shows God’s power in the world when all the nations around Israel believe in their own gods. Hebrew literature often talks about the Lord as the greatest of all gods, and this passage shows Him using the covenant chest to declare His preeminence. He embarrasses another god in his own temple, brings death and destruction on those around Him (as He did with the plagues of Egypt), and inflicts something like the bubonic plague, which would devastate Europe in the Middle Ages, on the Philistines. God is powerful and must be treated with the greatest of reverence. Even the people of God are happy to see the chest of the covenant move on, because it is too powerful for sinful human beings to live close to with comfort.

Time passed, 20 years or so, from the time that the covenant chest was taken to Kiriath-jearim, and all the people of Israel began to grieve over their separation from the Eternal One.

Samuel (to the Israelites): If you really want to totally devote yourselves and return to the Eternal One, then get rid of all the foreign gods and goddesses you have gathered. Devote yourselves to the Eternal, serve Him and Him alone, and He will save you from the oppression of the Philistines.

The Canaanites have a long history of worshiping idols or local gods. In this case, the god being worshiped is Astarte (Ashtoreth), a fertility goddess similar to the Mesopotamian goddess Ishtar. In Canaanite mythology, she is the sister and wife of the high god Baal. She and similar goddesses are worshiped throughout the ancient Near East; and the children of Israel are constantly falling away from serving the Lord by worshiping Astarte, Baal, and other pagan gods. God commands His people not to raise up idols or bow down to any gods except Him. Along with the worship of these gods come many strange practices that pollute the people of the Lord.

So the people of Israel got rid of their gods and goddesses,[b] and they began to serve only the Eternal One.

Samuel: Assemble all of Israel at Mizpah, and I will pray to the Eternal on your behalf.

That day they gathered at Mizpah, drew water, poured it out ritually in front of the Eternal One, and fasted.

People: We have sinned. We have rebelled against the Eternal.

Samuel judged the Israelites at Mizpah, delivering the people from danger and establishing justice in the land.

When the Philistines heard that the people of Israel had assembled at Mizpah, the rulers of the Philistines gathered an armed force and went to attack them. When the people of Israel heard that the Philistines were coming, they were filled with fear. They turned to God’s prophet.

People of Israel (to Samuel): Don’t stop calling out to the Eternal our God for us. Ask Him to save us from the Philistine army that is coming.

Samuel took a young lamb and sacrificed it as a whole burnt offering to the Eternal One. He called out to the Eternal on behalf of Israel, and the Eternal responded. Here is what happened: 10 As Samuel was performing the sacrifice, the voice of the Eternal rolled like thunder and confused the advancing Philistine army so that Israel easily struck them down. 11 From Mizpah, the Israelites chased them beyond Beth-car, striking them along the way.

12 That’s why Samuel set up a stone between Mizpah and Shen; and he called that stone Ebenezer, which means “rock of help,” for he said,

Samuel: The Eternal One has helped us so far.

13 So the Philistines were humbled and did not invade the lands of Israel again. The Eternal One held off the Philistines for as long as Samuel judged Israel. 14 The Israelite cities the Philistines had seized between Ekron and Gath were returned, and Israel took its territory back from Philistine rule. There was also peace with the Amorites.

15 Now Samuel was a prophet and judge over Israel for the rest of his life. 16 He traveled a 40-mile circuit just north of Jerusalem every year between Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah, solving Israel’s problems in each of these places. 17 But he would always return to his home in Ramah, the base from which he judged Israel and where he built an altar to the Eternal.


  1. 6:19 Hebrew, “50,000 and 70 men”
  2. 7:4 Hebrew, Baals and Astartes
The Voice (VOICE)

The Voice Bible Copyright © 2012 Thomas Nelson, Inc. The Voice™ translation © 2012 Ecclesia Bible Society All rights reserved.

John 6:1-21

Once this had transpired, Jesus made His way to the other side of the Sea of Galilee (which some these days call the Sea of Tiberias). As Jesus walked, a large crowd pursued Him hoping to see new signs and miracles; His healings of the sick and lame were garnering great attention. Jesus went up a mountain and found a place to sit down and teach. His disciples gathered around. The celebration of the Passover, one of the principal Jewish feasts, would take place soon. But when Jesus looked up, He could see an immense crowd coming toward Him. Jesus approached Philip.

Jesus (to Philip): Where is a place to buy bread so these people may eat?

Jesus knew what He was planning to do, but He asked Philip nonetheless. He had something to teach, and it started with a test.

Philip: I could work for more than half of a year[a] and still not have the money to buy enough bread to give each person a very small piece.

Andrew, the disciple who was Simon Peter’s brother, spoke up.

Andrew: I met a young boy in the crowd carrying five barley loaves and two fish, but that is practically useless in feeding a crowd this large.

Jesus: 10 Tell the people to sit down.

They all sat together on a large grassy area. Those counting the people reported approximately 5,000 men—not including the women and children—sitting in the crowd. 11 Jesus picked up the bread, gave thanks to God, and passed it to everyone. He repeated this ritual with the fish. Men, women, and children all ate until their hearts were content. 12 When the people had all they could eat, He told the disciples to gather the leftovers.

Jesus: Go and collect the leftovers, so we are not wasteful.

13 They filled 12 baskets with fragments of the five barley loaves. 14 After witnessing this sign that Jesus did, the people stirred in conversation.

Crowd: This man must be the Prophet God said was coming into the world.

15 Jesus sensed the people were planning to mount a revolution against Israel’s Roman occupiers and make Him king, so He withdrew farther up the mountain by Himself.

Since the Babylonians seized Judah in 586 b.c., the Jews have endured one foreign occupier after another in their land. As conquerors go, the Romans aren’t all that bad. They allow the Jews to worship God in His temple, and they appoint some of them to government positions. Of course, the Judeans still long to rule themselves and throw the Roman rulers out. Some think Jesus is just the man to lead that revolution. But political upheaval isn’t what He is teaching, and it isn’t why He has come to earth.

16 Later that evening the disciples walked down to the sea, 17 boarded a boat, and set sail toward Capernaum. Twilight gave way to darkness. Jesus had not yet joined them. 18 Suddenly, the waves rose and a fierce wind began to rock the boat. 19 After rowing three or four miles[b] through the stormy seas, they spotted Jesus approaching the boat walking mysteriously upon the deep waters that surrounded them. They panicked.

Jesus (to the disciples): 20 I am the One. Don’t be afraid.

21 They welcomed Jesus aboard their small vessel; and when He stepped into the boat, the next thing they knew, they were ashore at their destination.


  1. 6:7 Literally, 200 denarii
  2. 6:19 Literally, 25 or 30 stadia
The Voice (VOICE)

The Voice Bible Copyright © 2012 Thomas Nelson, Inc. The Voice™ translation © 2012 Ecclesia Bible Society All rights reserved.

Psalm 106:13-31

13 But it didn’t take long for them to forget what He had done.
They moved on without waiting for His instructions,
14 So our ancestors became very hungry in the wilderness
and the rabble grumbled and complained, testing God’s patience in the desert.
15 Although He granted their request,
He also sent a disease that caused them to waste away.

16 While they were camped in the desert, some began to be jealous of Moses
and Aaron, the holy priest of the Eternal.
17 The earth opened up, and a deep fissure swallowed Dathan
and buried Abiram’s group.
18 A blaze ignited where they were gathered;
the fire consumed the wicked mob.

19 The people made a golden calf in Horeb
and bowed to worship an image they had made.
20 They traded the glory of God
for the likeness of an ox that eats grass.
21 They forgot about God, their True Savior,
who had done great things for them in Egypt—
22 Miracles in the land of Ham
and amazing deeds at the Red Sea.
23 Therefore, He declared in His anger that He would wipe them away.
If Moses, His chosen one,
Had not pleaded for the people,
His anger would have destroyed them.

24 At the edge of the beautiful land God had promised them,
they didn’t trust His words, so they refused to enter.
25 They complained when they were gathered in their tents;
they ignored the voice of the Eternal.
26 Because of their attitude, He swore,
“I’ll leave you where you fall in the desert.
27 I’ll scatter your children—whoever is left
throughout the nations all over the earth.”

28 Then they aligned themselves with the god of Peor,
and they ate sacrifices that had been made to lifeless gods.
29 Through their actions, they stirred up His anger,
and a plague broke out in their midst.
30 Then Phinehas took a stand and intervened,
so the plague was stopped.
31 And God saw what he did and considered him righteous,
a man to be honored by all generations forever.

The Voice (VOICE)

The Voice Bible Copyright © 2012 Thomas Nelson, Inc. The Voice™ translation © 2012 Ecclesia Bible Society All rights reserved.

Proverbs 14:32-33

32 The wicked are waylaid by their evil actions,
but the right-living find hope’s sanctuary even in their death.[a]
33 Wisdom rests in the heart of one with insight
and can even be experienced by fools.


  1. 14:32 Greek manuscripts read “integrity.”
The Voice (VOICE)

The Voice Bible Copyright © 2012 Thomas Nelson, Inc. The Voice™ translation © 2012 Ecclesia Bible Society All rights reserved.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday May 8, 2021 (NIV)

1 Samuel 2:22-4

22 Now Eli, who was very old, heard about everything(A) his sons were doing to all Israel and how they slept with the women(B) who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 23 So he said to them, “Why do you do such things? I hear from all the people about these wicked deeds of yours. 24 No, my sons; the report I hear spreading among the Lord’s people is not good. 25 If one person sins against another, God[a] may mediate for the offender; but if anyone sins against the Lord, who will(C) intercede(D) for them?” His sons, however, did not listen to their father’s rebuke, for it was the Lord’s will to put them to death.

26 And the boy Samuel continued to grow(E) in stature and in favor with the Lord and with people.(F)

Prophecy Against the House of Eli

27 Now a man of God(G) came to Eli and said to him, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Did I not clearly reveal myself to your ancestor’s family when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh? 28 I chose(H) your ancestor out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense,(I) and to wear an ephod(J) in my presence. I also gave your ancestor’s family all the food offerings(K) presented by the Israelites. 29 Why do you[b] scorn my sacrifice and offering(L) that I prescribed for my dwelling?(M) Why do you honor your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choice parts of every offering made by my people Israel?’

30 “Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel, declares: ‘I promised that members of your family would minister before me forever.(N)’ But now the Lord declares: ‘Far be it from me! Those who honor me I will honor,(O) but those who despise(P) me will be disdained.(Q) 31 The time is coming when I will cut short your strength and the strength of your priestly house, so that no one in it will reach old age,(R) 32 and you will see distress(S) in my dwelling. Although good will be done to Israel, no one in your family line will ever reach old age.(T) 33 Every one of you that I do not cut off from serving at my altar I will spare only to destroy your sight and sap your strength, and all your descendants(U) will die in the prime of life.

34 “‘And what happens to your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, will be a sign(V) to you—they will both die(W) on the same day.(X) 35 I will raise up for myself a faithful priest,(Y) who will do according to what is in my heart and mind. I will firmly establish his priestly house, and they will minister before my anointed(Z) one always. 36 Then everyone left in your family line will come and bow down before him for a piece of silver and a loaf of bread and plead,(AA) “Appoint me to some priestly office so I can have food to eat.(AB)”’”

The Lord Calls Samuel

The boy Samuel ministered(AC) before the Lord under Eli. In those days the word of the Lord was rare;(AD) there were not many visions.(AE)

One night Eli, whose eyes(AF) were becoming so weak that he could barely see,(AG) was lying down in his usual place. The lamp(AH) of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the house(AI) of the Lord, where the ark(AJ) of God was. Then the Lord called Samuel.

Samuel answered, “Here I am.(AK) And he ran to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.”

But Eli said, “I did not call; go back and lie down.” So he went and lay down.

Again the Lord called, “Samuel!” And Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.”

“My son,” Eli said, “I did not call; go back and lie down.”

Now Samuel did not yet know(AL) the Lord: The word(AM) of the Lord had not yet been revealed(AN) to him.

A third time the Lord called, “Samuel!” And Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.”

Then Eli realized that the Lord was calling the boy. So Eli told Samuel, “Go and lie down, and if he calls you, say, ‘Speak, Lord, for your servant is listening.’” So Samuel went and lay down in his place.

10 The Lord came and stood there, calling as at the other times, “Samuel! Samuel!(AO)

Then Samuel said, “Speak, for your servant is listening.”

11 And the Lord said to Samuel: “See, I am about to do something in Israel that will make the ears of everyone who hears about it tingle.(AP) 12 At that time I will carry out against Eli everything(AQ) I spoke against his family—from beginning to end. 13 For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about; his sons blasphemed God,[c] and he failed to restrain(AR) them. 14 Therefore I swore to the house of Eli, ‘The guilt of Eli’s house will never be atoned(AS) for by sacrifice or offering.’”

15 Samuel lay down until morning and then opened the doors of the house of the Lord. He was afraid to tell Eli the vision, 16 but Eli called him and said, “Samuel, my son.”

Samuel answered, “Here I am.”

17 “What was it he said to you?” Eli asked. “Do not hide(AT) it from me. May God deal with you, be it ever so severely,(AU) if you hide from me anything he told you.” 18 So Samuel told him everything, hiding nothing from him. Then Eli said, “He is the Lord; let him do what is good in his eyes.”(AV)

19 The Lord was with(AW) Samuel as he grew(AX) up, and he let none(AY) of Samuel’s words fall to the ground. 20 And all Israel from Dan to Beersheba(AZ) recognized that Samuel was attested as a prophet of the Lord.(BA) 21 The Lord continued to appear at Shiloh, and there he revealed(BB) himself to Samuel through his word.

And Samuel’s word came to all Israel.

The Philistines Capture the Ark

Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer,(BC) and the Philistines at Aphek.(BD) The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield. When the soldiers returned to camp, the elders of Israel asked, “Why(BE) did the Lord bring defeat on us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark(BF) of the Lord’s covenant from Shiloh,(BG) so that he may go with us(BH) and save us from the hand of our enemies.”

So the people sent men to Shiloh, and they brought back the ark of the covenant of the Lord Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim.(BI) And Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

When the ark of the Lord’s covenant came into the camp, all Israel raised such a great shout(BJ) that the ground shook. Hearing the uproar, the Philistines asked, “What’s all this shouting in the Hebrew(BK) camp?”

When they learned that the ark of the Lord had come into the camp, the Philistines were afraid.(BL) “A god has[d] come into the camp,” they said. “Oh no! Nothing like this has happened before. We’re doomed! Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? They are the gods who struck(BM) the Egyptians with all kinds of plagues(BN) in the wilderness. Be strong, Philistines! Be men, or you will be subject to the Hebrews, as they(BO) have been to you. Be men, and fight!”

10 So the Philistines fought, and the Israelites were defeated(BP) and every man fled to his tent. The slaughter was very great; Israel lost thirty thousand foot soldiers. 11 The ark of God was captured, and Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, died.(BQ)

Death of Eli

12 That same day a Benjamite(BR) ran from the battle line and went to Shiloh with his clothes torn and dust(BS) on his head. 13 When he arrived, there was Eli(BT) sitting on his chair by the side of the road, watching, because his heart feared for the ark of God. When the man entered the town and told what had happened, the whole town sent up a cry.

14 Eli heard the outcry and asked, “What is the meaning of this uproar?”

The man hurried over to Eli, 15 who was ninety-eight years old and whose eyes(BU) had failed so that he could not see. 16 He told Eli, “I have just come from the battle line; I fled from it this very day.”

Eli asked, “What happened, my son?”

17 The man who brought the news replied, “Israel fled before the Philistines, and the army has suffered heavy losses. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead,(BV) and the ark of God has been captured.”(BW)

18 When he mentioned the ark of God, Eli fell backward off his chair by the side of the gate. His neck was broken and he died, for he was an old man, and he was heavy. He had led[e](BX) Israel forty years.(BY)

19 His daughter-in-law, the wife of Phinehas, was pregnant and near the time of delivery. When she heard the news that the ark of God had been captured and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she went into labor and gave birth, but was overcome by her labor pains. 20 As she was dying, the women attending her said, “Don’t despair; you have given birth to a son.” But she did not respond or pay any attention.

21 She named the boy Ichabod,[f](BZ) saying, “The Glory(CA) has departed from Israel”—because of the capture of the ark of God and the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband. 22 She said, “The Glory(CB) has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”(CC)


  1. 1 Samuel 2:25 Or the judges
  2. 1 Samuel 2:29 The Hebrew is plural.
  3. 1 Samuel 3:13 An ancient Hebrew scribal tradition (see also Septuagint); Masoretic Text sons made themselves contemptible
  4. 1 Samuel 4:7 Or “Gods have (see Septuagint)
  5. 1 Samuel 4:18 Traditionally judged
  6. 1 Samuel 4:21 Ichabod means no glory.

Cross references:

  1. 1 Samuel 2:22 : S ver 17
  2. 1 Samuel 2:22 : S Ex 38:8
  3. 1 Samuel 2:25 : Ex 4:21; Jos 11:20
  4. 1 Samuel 2:25 : S Ex 32:10; S Nu 11:2; 1Sa 3:14; 1Ki 13:6; Job 9:33; Ps 106:30; Isa 1:18; 22:14; Jer 15:1; Heb 10:26
  5. 1 Samuel 2:26 : S Jdg 13:24; Lk 2:52
  6. 1 Samuel 2:26 : Pr 3:4
  7. 1 Samuel 2:27 : S Dt 33:1; S Jdg 13:6
  8. 1 Samuel 2:28 : S Ex 28:1
  9. 1 Samuel 2:28 : S Ex 30:7
  10. 1 Samuel 2:28 : 1Sa 22:18; 23:6, 9; 30:7
  11. 1 Samuel 2:28 : Lev 7:35-36
  12. 1 Samuel 2:29 : ver 12-17
  13. 1 Samuel 2:29 : S Dt 12:5
  14. 1 Samuel 2:30 : S Ex 29:9
  15. 1 Samuel 2:30 : Ps 50:23; 91:15; Pr 8:17
  16. 1 Samuel 2:30 : Isa 53:3; Na 3:6; Mal 2:9
  17. 1 Samuel 2:30 : Jer 18:10
  18. 1 Samuel 2:31 : 1Sa 4:11-18; 22:16
  19. 1 Samuel 2:32 : 1Sa 4:3; 22:17-20; Jer 7:12, 14
  20. 1 Samuel 2:32 : 1Ki 2:26-27
  21. 1 Samuel 2:33 : Jer 29:32; Mal 2:12
  22. 1 Samuel 2:34 : S Dt 13:2
  23. 1 Samuel 2:34 : 1Sa 4:11
  24. 1 Samuel 2:34 : 1Ki 13:3
  25. 1 Samuel 2:35 : 2Sa 8:17; 20:25; 1Ki 1:8, 32; 2:35; 4:4; 1Ch 16:39; 29:22; Eze 44:15-16
  26. 1 Samuel 2:35 : 1Sa 9:16; 10:1; 16:13; 2Sa 2:4; 12:7; 23:1; 1Ki 1:34; Ps 89:20
  27. 1 Samuel 2:36 : Eze 44:10-14
  28. 1 Samuel 2:36 : 1Sa 3:12; 1Ki 2:27
  29. 1 Samuel 3:1 : S 1Sa 2:11
  30. 1 Samuel 3:1 : Ps 74:9; La 2:9; Eze 7:26
  31. 1 Samuel 3:1 : Am 8:11
  32. 1 Samuel 3:2 : 1Sa 4:15
  33. 1 Samuel 3:2 : S Ge 27:1
  34. 1 Samuel 3:3 : Ex 25:31-38; Lev 24:1-4
  35. 1 Samuel 3:3 : 1Sa 1:9
  36. 1 Samuel 3:3 : Dt 10:1-5; 1Ki 6:19; 8:1
  37. 1 Samuel 3:4 : S Ge 22:1; S Ex 3:4
  38. 1 Samuel 3:7 : 1Sa 2:12
  39. 1 Samuel 3:7 : Jer 1:2
  40. 1 Samuel 3:7 : S Nu 12:6; Am 3:7
  41. 1 Samuel 3:10 : Ex 3:4
  42. 1 Samuel 3:11 : 2Ki 21:12; Job 15:21; Jer 19:3
  43. 1 Samuel 3:12 : S 1Sa 2:27-36
  44. 1 Samuel 3:13 : 1Ki 1:6
  45. 1 Samuel 3:14 : S 1Sa 2:25
  46. 1 Samuel 3:17 : 1Ki 22:14; Jer 23:28; 38:14; 42:4
  47. 1 Samuel 3:17 : S Ru 1:17
  48. 1 Samuel 3:18 : S Jdg 10:15
  49. 1 Samuel 3:19 : S Ge 21:22; S Nu 14:43
  50. 1 Samuel 3:19 : S Jdg 13:24
  51. 1 Samuel 3:19 : 1Sa 9:6
  52. 1 Samuel 3:20 : S Jdg 20:1
  53. 1 Samuel 3:20 : S Dt 18:22; Eze 33:33
  54. 1 Samuel 3:21 : S Nu 12:6
  55. 1 Samuel 4:1 : 1Sa 5:1; 7:12
  56. 1 Samuel 4:1 : Jos 12:18; 1Sa 29:1; 1Ki 20:26
  57. 1 Samuel 4:3 : Jos 7:7
  58. 1 Samuel 4:3 : S Jos 6:7
  59. 1 Samuel 4:3 : S Jos 18:1; S 1Sa 2:32
  60. 1 Samuel 4:3 : 2Ch 13:8
  61. 1 Samuel 4:4 : S Ge 3:24; S Ex 25:22
  62. 1 Samuel 4:5 : S Jos 6:5, 10
  63. 1 Samuel 4:6 : S Ge 14:13
  64. 1 Samuel 4:7 : S Ex 15:14
  65. 1 Samuel 4:8 : Ex 12:30; 1Sa 5:12
  66. 1 Samuel 4:8 : Rev 11:6
  67. 1 Samuel 4:9 : S Jdg 13:1
  68. 1 Samuel 4:10 : S Dt 28:25
  69. 1 Samuel 4:11 : Ps 78:64; Jer 7:12
  70. 1 Samuel 4:12 : Eze 24:26; 33:21
  71. 1 Samuel 4:12 : S Jos 7:6; S 2Sa 1:2
  72. 1 Samuel 4:13 : ver 18
  73. 1 Samuel 4:15 : S 1Sa 3:2
  74. 1 Samuel 4:17 : 1Sa 22:18; Ps 78:64
  75. 1 Samuel 4:17 : Ps 78:61
  76. 1 Samuel 4:18 : S Jdg 2:16; S 16:31
  77. 1 Samuel 4:18 : 1Sa 2:31
  78. 1 Samuel 4:21 : S Ge 35:18
  79. 1 Samuel 4:21 : S Ex 24:16; Ps 106:20; Jer 2:11; Eze 1:28; 9:3; 10:18
  80. 1 Samuel 4:22 : S Ex 24:16; Ps 78:61
  81. 1 Samuel 4:22 : Jer 7:12
New International Version (NIV)

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John 5:24-47

24 “Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me(A) has eternal life(B) and will not be judged(C) but has crossed over from death to life.(D) 25 Very truly I tell you, a time is coming and has now come(E) when the dead will hear(F) the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live. 26 For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life(G) in himself. 27 And he has given him authority to judge(H) because he is the Son of Man.

28 “Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming(I) when all who are in their graves will hear his voice 29 and come out—those who have done what is good will rise to live, and those who have done what is evil will rise to be condemned.(J) 30 By myself I can do nothing;(K) I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just,(L) for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me.(M)

Testimonies About Jesus

31 “If I testify about myself, my testimony is not true.(N) 32 There is another who testifies in my favor,(O) and I know that his testimony about me is true.

33 “You have sent to John and he has testified(P) to the truth. 34 Not that I accept human testimony;(Q) but I mention it that you may be saved.(R) 35 John was a lamp that burned and gave light,(S) and you chose for a time to enjoy his light.

36 “I have testimony weightier than that of John.(T) For the works that the Father has given me to finish—the very works that I am doing(U)—testify that the Father has sent me.(V) 37 And the Father who sent me has himself testified concerning me.(W) You have never heard his voice nor seen his form,(X) 38 nor does his word dwell in you,(Y) for you do not believe(Z) the one he sent.(AA) 39 You study[a] the Scriptures(AB) diligently because you think that in them you have eternal life.(AC) These are the very Scriptures that testify about me,(AD) 40 yet you refuse to come to me(AE) to have life.

41 “I do not accept glory from human beings,(AF) 42 but I know you. I know that you do not have the love of God in your hearts. 43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not accept me; but if someone else comes in his own name, you will accept him. 44 How can you believe since you accept glory from one another but do not seek the glory that comes from the only God[b]?(AG)

45 “But do not think I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses,(AH) on whom your hopes are set.(AI) 46 If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me.(AJ) 47 But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”(AK)


  1. John 5:39 Or 39 Study
  2. John 5:44 Some early manuscripts the Only One
New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 106:1-12

Psalm 106(A)

Praise the Lord.[a](B)

Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good;(C)
his love endures forever.(D)

Who can proclaim the mighty acts(E) of the Lord
or fully declare his praise?
Blessed are those who act justly,(F)
who always do what is right.(G)

Remember me,(H) Lord, when you show favor(I) to your people,
come to my aid(J) when you save them,
that I may enjoy the prosperity(K) of your chosen ones,(L)
that I may share in the joy(M) of your nation
and join your inheritance(N) in giving praise.

We have sinned,(O) even as our ancestors(P) did;
we have done wrong and acted wickedly.(Q)
When our ancestors were in Egypt,
they gave no thought(R) to your miracles;
they did not remember(S) your many kindnesses,
and they rebelled by the sea,(T) the Red Sea.[b]
Yet he saved them(U) for his name’s sake,(V)
to make his mighty power(W) known.
He rebuked(X) the Red Sea, and it dried up;(Y)
he led them through(Z) the depths as through a desert.
10 He saved them(AA) from the hand of the foe;(AB)
from the hand of the enemy he redeemed them.(AC)
11 The waters covered(AD) their adversaries;
not one of them survived.
12 Then they believed his promises
and sang his praise.(AE)


  1. Psalm 106:1 Hebrew Hallelu Yah; also in verse 48
  2. Psalm 106:7 Or the Sea of Reeds; also in verses 9 and 22
New International Version (NIV)

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Proverbs 14:30-31

30 A heart at peace gives life to the body,
but envy rots the bones.(A)

31 Whoever oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker,(B)
but whoever is kind to the needy honors God.(C)

New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday May 7, 2021 (NIV)

1 Samuel 1:1-2:21

The Birth of Samuel

There was a certain man from Ramathaim,(A) a Zuphite[a](B) from the hill country(C) of Ephraim,(D) whose name was Elkanah(E) son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. He had two wives;(F) one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.

Year after year(G) this man went up from his town to worship(H) and sacrifice to the Lord Almighty at Shiloh,(I) where Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli,(J) were priests of the Lord. Whenever the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice,(K) he would give portions of the meat to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters.(L) But to Hannah he gave a double portion(M) because he loved her, and the Lord had closed her womb.(N) Because the Lord had closed Hannah’s womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her.(O) This went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the Lord, her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat.(P) Her husband Elkanah would say to her, “Hannah, why are you weeping? Why don’t you eat? Why are you downhearted? Don’t I mean more to you than ten sons?(Q)

Once when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his chair by the doorpost of the Lord’s house.(R) 10 In her deep anguish(S) Hannah prayed to the Lord, weeping bitterly. 11 And she made a vow,(T) saying, “Lord Almighty(U), if you will only look on your servant’s misery and remember(V) me, and not forget your servant but give her a son, then I will give him to the Lord for all the days of his life,(W) and no razor(X) will ever be used on his head.”

12 As she kept on praying to the Lord, Eli observed her mouth. 13 Hannah was praying in her heart, and her lips were moving but her voice was not heard. Eli thought she was drunk 14 and said to her, “How long are you going to stay drunk? Put away your wine.”

15 “Not so, my lord,” Hannah replied, “I am a woman who is deeply troubled.(Y) I have not been drinking wine or beer; I was pouring(Z) out my soul to the Lord. 16 Do not take your servant for a wicked woman; I have been praying here out of my great anguish and grief.”(AA)

17 Eli answered, “Go in peace,(AB) and may the God of Israel grant you what you have asked of him.(AC)

18 She said, “May your servant find favor in your eyes.(AD)” Then she went her way and ate something, and her face was no longer downcast.(AE)

19 Early the next morning they arose and worshiped before the Lord and then went back to their home at Ramah.(AF) Elkanah made love to his wife Hannah, and the Lord remembered(AG) her. 20 So in the course of time Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to a son.(AH) She named(AI) him Samuel,[b](AJ) saying, “Because I asked the Lord for him.”

Hannah Dedicates Samuel

21 When her husband Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual(AK) sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow,(AL) 22 Hannah did not go. She said to her husband, “After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present(AM) him before the Lord, and he will live there always.”[c]

23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. “Stay here until you have weaned him; only may the Lord make good(AN) his[d] word.” So the woman stayed at home and nursed her son until she had weaned(AO) him.

24 After he was weaned, she took the boy with her, young as he was, along with a three-year-old bull,[e](AP) an ephah[f] of flour and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh. 25 When the bull had been sacrificed, they brought the boy to Eli, 26 and she said to him, “Pardon me, my lord. As surely as you live, I am the woman who stood here beside you praying to the Lord. 27 I prayed(AQ) for this child, and the Lord has granted me what I asked of him. 28 So now I give him to the Lord. For his whole life(AR) he will be given over to the Lord.” And he worshiped the Lord there.

Hannah’s Prayer

Then Hannah prayed and said:(AS)

“My heart rejoices(AT) in the Lord;
in the Lord my horn[g](AU) is lifted high.
My mouth boasts(AV) over my enemies,(AW)
for I delight in your deliverance.

“There is no one holy(AX) like(AY) the Lord;
there is no one besides you;
there is no Rock(AZ) like our God.

“Do not keep talking so proudly
or let your mouth speak such arrogance,(BA)
for the Lord is a God who knows,(BB)
and by him deeds(BC) are weighed.(BD)

“The bows of the warriors are broken,(BE)
but those who stumbled are armed with strength.(BF)
Those who were full hire themselves out for food,
but those who were hungry(BG) are hungry no more.
She who was barren(BH) has borne seven children,
but she who has had many sons pines away.

“The Lord brings death and makes alive;(BI)
he brings down to the grave and raises up.(BJ)
The Lord sends poverty and wealth;(BK)
he humbles and he exalts.(BL)
He raises(BM) the poor(BN) from the dust(BO)
and lifts the needy(BP) from the ash heap;
he seats them with princes
and has them inherit a throne of honor.(BQ)

“For the foundations(BR) of the earth are the Lord’s;
on them he has set the world.
He will guard the feet(BS) of his faithful servants,(BT)
but the wicked will be silenced in the place of darkness.(BU)

“It is not by strength(BV) that one prevails;
10 those who oppose the Lord will be broken.(BW)
The Most High will thunder(BX) from heaven;
the Lord will judge(BY) the ends of the earth.

“He will give strength(BZ) to his king
and exalt the horn(CA) of his anointed.”

11 Then Elkanah went home to Ramah,(CB) but the boy ministered(CC) before the Lord under Eli the priest.

Eli’s Wicked Sons

12 Eli’s sons were scoundrels; they had no regard(CD) for the Lord. 13 Now it was the practice(CE) of the priests that, whenever any of the people offered a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand while the meat(CF) was being boiled 14 and would plunge the fork into the pan or kettle or caldron or pot. Whatever the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. This is how they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh. 15 But even before the fat was burned, the priest’s servant would come and say to the person who was sacrificing, “Give the priest some meat to roast; he won’t accept boiled meat from you, but only raw.”

16 If the person said to him, “Let the fat(CG) be burned first, and then take whatever you want,” the servant would answer, “No, hand it over now; if you don’t, I’ll take it by force.”

17 This sin of the young men was very great in the Lord’s sight, for they[h] were treating the Lord’s offering with contempt.(CH)

18 But Samuel was ministering(CI) before the Lord—a boy wearing a linen ephod.(CJ) 19 Each year his mother made him a little robe and took it to him when she went up with her husband to offer the annual(CK) sacrifice. 20 Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, saying, “May the Lord give you children by this woman to take the place of the one she prayed(CL) for and gave to[i] the Lord.” Then they would go home. 21 And the Lord was gracious to Hannah;(CM) she gave birth to three sons and two daughters. Meanwhile, the boy Samuel grew(CN) up in the presence of the Lord.


  1. 1 Samuel 1:1 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 6:26-27,33-35; or from Ramathaim Zuphim.
  2. 1 Samuel 1:20 Samuel sounds like the Hebrew for heard by God.
  3. 1 Samuel 1:22 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls always. I have dedicated him as a Nazirite—all the days of his life.”
  4. 1 Samuel 1:23 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac your
  5. 1 Samuel 1:24 Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac; Masoretic Text with three bulls
  6. 1 Samuel 1:24 That is, probably about 36 pounds or about 16 kilograms
  7. 1 Samuel 2:1 Horn here symbolizes strength; also in verse 10.
  8. 1 Samuel 2:17 Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; Masoretic Text people
  9. 1 Samuel 2:20 Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text and asked from

Cross references:

  1. 1 Samuel 1:1 : S Jos 18:25
  2. 1 Samuel 1:1 : 1Sa 9:5
  3. 1 Samuel 1:1 : Jos 17:17-18
  4. 1 Samuel 1:1 : Jos 21:20-22
  5. 1 Samuel 1:1 : 1Ch 6:27, 34
  6. 1 Samuel 1:2 : S Ge 4:19
  7. 1 Samuel 1:3 : ver 21; Ex 23:14; 1Sa 2:19; 20:6, 29; Lk 2:41
  8. 1 Samuel 1:3 : Dt 12:5-7
  9. 1 Samuel 1:3 : S Jos 18:1
  10. 1 Samuel 1:3 : 1Sa 2:31; 14:3
  11. 1 Samuel 1:4 : Lev 7:15-18; Dt 12:17-18
  12. 1 Samuel 1:4 : S Ge 29:34
  13. 1 Samuel 1:5 : S Ge 37:3
  14. 1 Samuel 1:5 : S Ge 11:30; S 29:31
  15. 1 Samuel 1:6 : S Ge 16:4
  16. 1 Samuel 1:7 : 2Sa 12:17; Ps 102:4
  17. 1 Samuel 1:8 : S Ru 4:15
  18. 1 Samuel 1:9 : 1Sa 3:3
  19. 1 Samuel 1:10 : Job 3:20; 7:11; 10:1; 21:25; 23:2; 27:2; Isa 38:15; Jer 20:18
  20. 1 Samuel 1:11 : S Jdg 11:30
  21. 1 Samuel 1:11 : S Ge 17:1; Ps 24:10; 46:7; Isa 1:9
  22. 1 Samuel 1:11 : S Ge 8:1
  23. 1 Samuel 1:11 : S Jdg 13:7
  24. 1 Samuel 1:11 : Nu 6:1-21; Jdg 13:5; Lk 1:15
  25. 1 Samuel 1:15 : 2Ki 4:27
  26. 1 Samuel 1:15 : Ps 42:4; 62:8; La 2:19
  27. 1 Samuel 1:16 : Ps 55:2
  28. 1 Samuel 1:17 : Nu 6:26; 1Sa 20:42; 2Ki 5:19; S Ac 15:33
  29. 1 Samuel 1:17 : S Ge 25:21; Ps 20:3-5
  30. 1 Samuel 1:18 : S Ge 18:3; Ru 2:13
  31. 1 Samuel 1:18 : Ro 15:13
  32. 1 Samuel 1:19 : S Jos 18:25
  33. 1 Samuel 1:19 : S Ge 8:1; S 29:31
  34. 1 Samuel 1:20 : S Ge 17:19; S 29:32; S 30:6
  35. 1 Samuel 1:20 : Ex 2:10; Mt 1:21
  36. 1 Samuel 1:20 : 1Sa 7:5; 12:23; 1Ch 6:27; Jer 15:1; Heb 11:32
  37. 1 Samuel 1:21 : S ver 3
  38. 1 Samuel 1:21 : S Ge 28:20; Nu 30:2; Dt 12:11
  39. 1 Samuel 1:22 : Ex 13:2; Lk 2:22
  40. 1 Samuel 1:23 : S Ge 25:21
  41. 1 Samuel 1:23 : Ge 21:8
  42. 1 Samuel 1:24 : Nu 15:8-10
  43. 1 Samuel 1:27 : 1Sa 2:20; Ps 66:19-20
  44. 1 Samuel 1:28 : S Jdg 13:7
  45. 1 Samuel 2:1 : Lk 1:46-55
  46. 1 Samuel 2:1 : Ps 13:5; 33:21; Zec 10:7
  47. 1 Samuel 2:1 : Ps 18:2; 89:17, 24; 148:14
  48. 1 Samuel 2:1 : Ps 6:8
  49. 1 Samuel 2:1 : S Nu 10:35; Ps 6:10
  50. 1 Samuel 2:2 : S Ex 15:11; S Lev 11:44
  51. 1 Samuel 2:2 : S Ex 8:10; Isa 40:25; 46:5
  52. 1 Samuel 2:2 : S Ge 49:24; S Ex 33:22; Dt 32:37; 2Sa 22:2, 32; 23:3; Ps 31:3; 71:3
  53. 1 Samuel 2:3 : Ps 17:10; 31:18; 73:8; 75:4; 94:4
  54. 1 Samuel 2:3 : S Jos 22:22
  55. 1 Samuel 2:3 : 1Sa 16:7; 1Ki 8:39; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 6:30; Pr 15:11; Jer 11:20; 17:10
  56. 1 Samuel 2:3 : Pr 16:2; 24:11-12
  57. 1 Samuel 2:4 : 2Sa 1:27; Ps 37:15; 46:9; 76:3
  58. 1 Samuel 2:4 : Job 17:9; Isa 40:31; 41:1; 52:1; 57:10
  59. 1 Samuel 2:5 : Lk 1:53
  60. 1 Samuel 2:5 : Ps 113:9; Isa 54:1; Jer 15:9
  61. 1 Samuel 2:6 : Dt 32:39
  62. 1 Samuel 2:6 : Isa 26:19; Eze 37:3, 12
  63. 1 Samuel 2:7 : S Dt 8:18
  64. 1 Samuel 2:7 : Job 5:11; 40:12; Ps 75:7; Isa 2:12; 13:11; 22:19; Da 4:37
  65. 1 Samuel 2:8 : Ps 113:7-8
  66. 1 Samuel 2:8 : Jas 2:5
  67. 1 Samuel 2:8 : 1Ki 16:2
  68. 1 Samuel 2:8 : Ps 72:12; 107:41; 145:14; 146:8; S Mt 23:12
  69. 1 Samuel 2:8 : 2Sa 7:8; Job 36:7; Isa 22:23; Eze 21:26
  70. 1 Samuel 2:8 : Job 15:7; 38:4; Ps 104:5; Pr 8:29; Isa 40:12; Jer 10:12
  71. 1 Samuel 2:9 : Ps 91:12; 121:3; Pr 3:26
  72. 1 Samuel 2:9 : Pr 2:8
  73. 1 Samuel 2:9 : Job 10:22; Isa 5:30; 8:22; 59:9; 60:2; Jer 13:16; Am 5:18, 20; Zep 1:14-15; Mt 8:12
  74. 1 Samuel 2:9 : 1Sa 17:47; Ps 33:16-17; Zec 4:6
  75. 1 Samuel 2:10 : S Ex 15:6
  76. 1 Samuel 2:10 : S Ex 19:16; 1Sa 7:10; 12:17; 2Sa 22:14; Job 37:4, 5; 38:1; Ps 18:13; 29:3; Isa 66:6
  77. 1 Samuel 2:10 : Ps 96:13; 98:9; Mt 25:31-32
  78. 1 Samuel 2:10 : Ps 18:1; 21:1; 59:16
  79. 1 Samuel 2:10 : S Dt 33:17; Ps 89:24; S Lk 1:69
  80. 1 Samuel 2:11 : S Jos 18:25
  81. 1 Samuel 2:11 : ver 18; S Nu 16:9; 1Sa 3:1
  82. 1 Samuel 2:12 : Jer 2:8; 9:6
  83. 1 Samuel 2:13 : Dt 18:3
  84. 1 Samuel 2:13 : Lev 7:35-36
  85. 1 Samuel 2:16 : Lev 3:3, 14-16; 7:29-34
  86. 1 Samuel 2:17 : ver 22, 29; S Nu 14:11; Jer 7:21; Eze 22:26; Mal 2:7-9
  87. 1 Samuel 2:18 : S ver 11
  88. 1 Samuel 2:18 : ver 28; 1Sa 22:18; 23:9; 2Sa 6:14; 1Ch 15:27
  89. 1 Samuel 2:19 : S 1Sa 1:3
  90. 1 Samuel 2:20 : S 1Sa 1:27
  91. 1 Samuel 2:21 : Ge 21:1
  92. 1 Samuel 2:21 : S Jdg 13:24; Lk 1:80; 2:40
New International Version (NIV)

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John 5:1-23

The Healing at the Pool

Some time later, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for one of the Jewish festivals. Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate(A) a pool, which in Aramaic(B) is called Bethesda[a] and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. Here a great number of disabled people used to lie—the blind, the lame, the paralyzed. [4] [b] One who was there had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. When Jesus saw him lying there and learned that he had been in this condition for a long time, he asked him, “Do you want to get well?”

“Sir,” the invalid replied, “I have no one to help me into the pool when the water is stirred. While I am trying to get in, someone else goes down ahead of me.”

Then Jesus said to him, “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.”(C) At once the man was cured; he picked up his mat and walked.

The day on which this took place was a Sabbath,(D) 10 and so the Jewish leaders(E) said to the man who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath; the law forbids you to carry your mat.”(F)

11 But he replied, “The man who made me well said to me, ‘Pick up your mat and walk.’

12 So they asked him, “Who is this fellow who told you to pick it up and walk?”

13 The man who was healed had no idea who it was, for Jesus had slipped away into the crowd that was there.

14 Later Jesus found him at the temple and said to him, “See, you are well again. Stop sinning(G) or something worse may happen to you.” 15 The man went away and told the Jewish leaders(H) that it was Jesus who had made him well.

The Authority of the Son

16 So, because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jewish leaders began to persecute him. 17 In his defense Jesus said to them, “My Father(I) is always at his work(J) to this very day, and I too am working.” 18 For this reason they tried all the more to kill him;(K) not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.(L)

19 Jesus gave them this answer: “Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself;(M) he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does. 20 For the Father loves the Son(N) and shows him all he does. Yes, and he will show him even greater works than these,(O) so that you will be amazed. 21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life,(P) even so the Son gives life(Q) to whom he is pleased to give it. 22 Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son,(R) 23 that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him.(S)


  1. John 5:2 Some manuscripts Bethzatha; other manuscripts Bethsaida
  2. John 5:4 Some manuscripts include here, wholly or in part, paralyzed—and they waited for the moving of the waters. From time to time an angel of the Lord would come down and stir up the waters. The first one into the pool after each such disturbance would be cured of whatever disease they had.
New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 105:37-45

37 He brought out Israel, laden with silver and gold,(A)
and from among their tribes no one faltered.
38 Egypt was glad when they left,
because dread of Israel(B) had fallen on them.

39 He spread out a cloud(C) as a covering,
and a fire to give light at night.(D)
40 They asked,(E) and he brought them quail;(F)
he fed them well with the bread of heaven.(G)
41 He opened the rock,(H) and water gushed out;
it flowed like a river in the desert.

42 For he remembered his holy promise(I)
given to his servant Abraham.
43 He brought out his people with rejoicing,(J)
his chosen ones with shouts of joy;
44 he gave them the lands of the nations,(K)
and they fell heir to what others had toiled(L) for—
45 that they might keep his precepts
and observe his laws.(M)

Praise the Lord.[a](N)


  1. Psalm 105:45 Hebrew Hallelu Yah
New International Version (NIV)

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Proverbs 14:28-29

28 A large population is a king’s glory,
but without subjects a prince is ruined.(A)

29 Whoever is patient has great understanding,(B)
but one who is quick-tempered displays folly.(C)

New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday May 6, 2021 (NIV)

Ruth 2-4

Ruth Meets Boaz in the Grain Field

Now Naomi had a relative(A) on her husband’s side, a man of standing(B) from the clan of Elimelek,(C) whose name was Boaz.(D)

And Ruth the Moabite(E) said to Naomi, “Let me go to the fields and pick up the leftover grain(F) behind anyone in whose eyes I find favor.(G)

Naomi said to her, “Go ahead, my daughter.” So she went out, entered a field and began to glean behind the harvesters.(H) As it turned out, she was working in a field belonging to Boaz, who was from the clan of Elimelek.(I)

Just then Boaz arrived from Bethlehem and greeted the harvesters, “The Lord be with you!(J)

“The Lord bless you!(K)” they answered.

Boaz asked the overseer of his harvesters, “Who does that young woman belong to?”

The overseer replied, “She is the Moabite(L) who came back from Moab with Naomi. She said, ‘Please let me glean and gather among the sheaves(M) behind the harvesters.’ She came into the field and has remained here from morning till now, except for a short rest(N) in the shelter.”

So Boaz said to Ruth, “My daughter, listen to me. Don’t go and glean in another field and don’t go away from here. Stay here with the women who work for me. Watch the field where the men are harvesting, and follow along after the women. I have told the men not to lay a hand on you. And whenever you are thirsty, go and get a drink from the water jars the men have filled.”

10 At this, she bowed down with her face to the ground.(O) She asked him, “Why have I found such favor in your eyes that you notice me(P)—a foreigner?(Q)

11 Boaz replied, “I’ve been told all about what you have done for your mother-in-law(R) since the death of your husband(S)—how you left your father and mother and your homeland and came to live with a people you did not know(T) before.(U) 12 May the Lord repay you for what you have done. May you be richly rewarded by the Lord,(V) the God of Israel,(W) under whose wings(X) you have come to take refuge.(Y)

13 “May I continue to find favor in your eyes,(Z) my lord,” she said. “You have put me at ease by speaking kindly to your servant—though I do not have the standing of one of your servants.”

14 At mealtime Boaz said to her, “Come over here. Have some bread(AA) and dip it in the wine vinegar.”

When she sat down with the harvesters,(AB) he offered her some roasted grain.(AC) She ate all she wanted and had some left over.(AD) 15 As she got up to glean, Boaz gave orders to his men, “Let her gather among the sheaves(AE) and don’t reprimand her. 16 Even pull out some stalks for her from the bundles and leave them for her to pick up, and don’t rebuke(AF) her.”

17 So Ruth gleaned in the field until evening. Then she threshed(AG) the barley she had gathered, and it amounted to about an ephah.[a](AH) 18 She carried it back to town, and her mother-in-law saw how much she had gathered. Ruth also brought out and gave her what she had left over(AI) after she had eaten enough.

19 Her mother-in-law asked her, “Where did you glean today? Where did you work? Blessed be the man who took notice of you!(AJ)

Then Ruth told her mother-in-law about the one at whose place she had been working. “The name of the man I worked with today is Boaz,” she said.

20 “The Lord bless him!(AK)” Naomi said to her daughter-in-law.(AL) “He has not stopped showing his kindness(AM) to the living and the dead.” She added, “That man is our close relative;(AN) he is one of our guardian-redeemers.[b](AO)

21 Then Ruth the Moabite(AP) said, “He even said to me, ‘Stay with my workers until they finish harvesting all my grain.’”

22 Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, “It will be good for you, my daughter, to go with the women who work for him, because in someone else’s field you might be harmed.”

23 So Ruth stayed close to the women of Boaz to glean until the barley(AQ) and wheat harvests(AR) were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor

One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi(AS) said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home[c](AT) for you, where you will be well provided for. Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative(AU) of ours. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor.(AV) Wash,(AW) put on perfume,(AX) and get dressed in your best clothes.(AY) Then go down to the threshing floor, but don’t let him know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking.(AZ) When he lies down, note the place where he is lying. Then go and uncover his feet and lie down. He will tell you what to do.”

“I will do whatever you say,”(BA) Ruth answered. So she went down to the threshing floor(BB) and did everything her mother-in-law told her to do.

When Boaz had finished eating and drinking and was in good spirits,(BC) he went over to lie down at the far end of the grain pile.(BD) Ruth approached quietly, uncovered his feet and lay down. In the middle of the night something startled the man; he turned—and there was a woman lying at his feet!

“Who are you?” he asked.

“I am your servant Ruth,” she said. “Spread the corner of your garment(BE) over me, since you are a guardian-redeemer[d](BF) of our family.”

10 “The Lord bless you,(BG) my daughter,” he replied. “This kindness is greater than that which you showed earlier:(BH) You have not run after the younger men, whether rich or poor. 11 And now, my daughter, don’t be afraid. I will do for you all you ask. All the people of my town know that you are a woman of noble character.(BI) 12 Although it is true that I am a guardian-redeemer of our family,(BJ) there is another who is more closely related than(BK) I. 13 Stay here for the night, and in the morning if he wants to do his duty as your guardian-redeemer,(BL) good; let him redeem you. But if he is not willing, as surely as the Lord lives(BM) I will do it.(BN) Lie here until morning.”

14 So she lay at his feet until morning, but got up before anyone could be recognized; and he said, “No one must know that a woman came to the threshing floor.(BO)(BP)

15 He also said, “Bring me the shawl(BQ) you are wearing and hold it out.” When she did so, he poured into it six measures of barley and placed the bundle on her. Then he[e] went back to town.

16 When Ruth came to her mother-in-law, Naomi asked, “How did it go, my daughter?”

Then she told her everything Boaz had done for her 17 and added, “He gave me these six measures of barley, saying, ‘Don’t go back to your mother-in-law empty-handed.’”

18 Then Naomi said, “Wait, my daughter, until you find out what happens. For the man will not rest until the matter is settled today.”(BR)

Boaz Marries Ruth

Meanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate(BS) and sat down there just as the guardian-redeemer[f](BT) he had mentioned(BU) came along. Boaz said, “Come over here, my friend, and sit down.” So he went over and sat down.

Boaz took ten of the elders(BV) of the town and said, “Sit here,” and they did so.(BW) Then he said to the guardian-redeemer, “Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the piece of land that belonged to our relative Elimelek.(BX) I thought I should bring the matter to your attention and suggest that you buy it in the presence of these seated here and in the presence of the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, do so. But if you[g] will not, tell me, so I will know. For no one has the right to do it except you,(BY) and I am next in line.”

“I will redeem it,” he said.

Then Boaz said, “On the day you buy the land from Naomi, you also acquire Ruth the Moabite,(BZ) the[h] dead man’s widow, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property.”(CA)

At this, the guardian-redeemer said, “Then I cannot redeem(CB) it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it.”(CC)

(Now in earlier times in Israel, for the redemption(CD) and transfer of property to become final, one party took off his sandal(CE) and gave it to the other. This was the method of legalizing transactions(CF) in Israel.)(CG)

So the guardian-redeemer said to Boaz, “Buy it yourself.” And he removed his sandal.(CH)

Then Boaz announced to the elders and all the people, “Today you are witnesses(CI) that I have bought from Naomi all the property of Elimelek, Kilion and Mahlon. 10 I have also acquired Ruth the Moabite,(CJ) Mahlon’s widow, as my wife,(CK) in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property, so that his name will not disappear from among his family or from his hometown.(CL) Today you are witnesses!(CM)

11 Then the elders and all the people at the gate(CN) said, “We are witnesses.(CO) May the Lord make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah,(CP) who together built up the family of Israel. May you have standing in Ephrathah(CQ) and be famous in Bethlehem.(CR) 12 Through the offspring the Lord gives you by this young woman, may your family be like that of Perez,(CS) whom Tamar(CT) bore to Judah.”

Naomi Gains a Son

13 So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. When he made love to her, the Lord enabled her to conceive,(CU) and she gave birth to a son.(CV) 14 The women(CW) said to Naomi: “Praise be to the Lord,(CX) who this day has not left you without a guardian-redeemer.(CY) May he become famous throughout Israel! 15 He will renew your life and sustain you in your old age. For your daughter-in-law,(CZ) who loves you and who is better to you than seven sons,(DA) has given him birth.”

16 Then Naomi took the child in her arms and cared for him. 17 The women living there said, “Naomi has a son!” And they named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse,(DB) the father of David.(DC)

The Genealogy of David(DD)

18 This, then, is the family line of Perez(DE):

Perez was the father of Hezron,(DF)

19 Hezron the father of Ram,

Ram the father of Amminadab,(DG)

20 Amminadab the father of Nahshon,(DH)

Nahshon the father of Salmon,[i]

21 Salmon the father of Boaz,(DI)

Boaz the father of Obed,

22 Obed the father of Jesse,

and Jesse the father of David.


  1. Ruth 2:17 That is, probably about 30 pounds or about 13 kilograms
  2. Ruth 2:20 The Hebrew word for guardian-redeemer is a legal term for one who has the obligation to redeem a relative in serious difficulty (see Lev. 25:25-55).
  3. Ruth 3:1 Hebrew find rest (see 1:9)
  4. Ruth 3:9 The Hebrew word for guardian-redeemer is a legal term for one who has the obligation to redeem a relative in serious difficulty (see Lev. 25:25-55); also in verses 12 and 13.
  5. Ruth 3:15 Most Hebrew manuscripts; many Hebrew manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac she
  6. Ruth 4:1 The Hebrew word for guardian-redeemer is a legal term for one who has the obligation to redeem a relative in serious difficulty (see Lev. 25:25-55); also in verses 3, 6, 8 and 14.
  7. Ruth 4:4 Many Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts he
  8. Ruth 4:5 Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew (see also Septuagint) Naomi and from Ruth the Moabite, you acquire the
  9. Ruth 4:20 A few Hebrew manuscripts, some Septuagint manuscripts and Vulgate (see also verse 21 and Septuagint of 1 Chron. 2:11); most Hebrew manuscripts Salma

Cross references:

  1. Ruth 2:1 : Ru 3:2; Pr 7:4
  2. Ruth 2:1 : 1Sa 9:1; 1Ki 11:28
  3. Ruth 2:1 : S Ru 1:2
  4. Ruth 2:1 : Ru 4:21; 1Ch 2:12; Mt 1:5; Lk 3:32
  5. Ruth 2:2 : S Ru 1:22
  6. Ruth 2:2 : S Lev 19:9; S 23:22
  7. Ruth 2:2 : S Ge 6:8; S 18:3
  8. Ruth 2:3 : ver 14; 2Ki 4:18; Jer 9:22; Am 9:13
  9. Ruth 2:3 : ver 1
  10. Ruth 2:4 : S Jdg 6:12; Lk 1:28; 2Th 3:16
  11. Ruth 2:4 : S Ge 28:3; S Nu 6:24
  12. Ruth 2:6 : S Ru 1:22
  13. Ruth 2:7 : S Ge 37:7; S Lev 19:9
  14. Ruth 2:7 : 2Sa 4:5
  15. Ruth 2:10 : S Ge 19:1; S 1Sa 20:41
  16. Ruth 2:10 : ver 19; Ps 41:1
  17. Ruth 2:10 : S Ge 31:15; S Dt 15:3
  18. Ruth 2:11 : S Ru 1:14
  19. Ruth 2:11 : S Ru 1:5
  20. Ruth 2:11 : Isa 55:5
  21. Ruth 2:11 : Ru 1:16-17
  22. Ruth 2:12 : 1Sa 24:19; 26:23, 25; Ps 18:20; Pr 25:22; Jer 31:16
  23. Ruth 2:12 : S Jos 24:15
  24. Ruth 2:12 : Ps 17:8; 36:7; 57:1; 61:4; 63:7; 91:4
  25. Ruth 2:12 : Ps 71:1
  26. Ruth 2:13 : S Ge 18:3
  27. Ruth 2:14 : S Ge 3:19
  28. Ruth 2:14 : S ver 3
  29. Ruth 2:14 : S Lev 23:14
  30. Ruth 2:14 : ver 18
  31. Ruth 2:15 : S Ge 37:7; S Lev 19:9
  32. Ruth 2:16 : S Ge 37:10
  33. Ruth 2:17 : S Jdg 6:11
  34. Ruth 2:17 : S Lev 19:36
  35. Ruth 2:18 : ver 14
  36. Ruth 2:19 : S ver 10
  37. Ruth 2:20 : S Jdg 17:2; S 1Sa 23:21
  38. Ruth 2:20 : S Ge 11:31
  39. Ruth 2:20 : S Ge 19:19
  40. Ruth 2:20 : S Lev 25:25
  41. Ruth 2:20 : Ru 3:9, 12; 4:1, 14
  42. Ruth 2:21 : S Ru 1:22
  43. Ruth 2:23 : S Ex 9:31
  44. Ruth 2:23 : S Ge 30:14; S 1Sa 6:13
  45. Ruth 3:1 : Ru 1:14
  46. Ruth 3:1 : Ru 1:9
  47. Ruth 3:2 : S Ru 2:1
  48. Ruth 3:2 : S Lev 2:14; S Nu 18:27; S Jdg 6:11
  49. Ruth 3:3 : 2Sa 12:20; 2Ki 5:10; Ps 26:6; 51:2; Isa 1:16; Jer 4:14; Eze 16:9
  50. Ruth 3:3 : 2Sa 14:2; Isa 61:3
  51. Ruth 3:3 : S Ge 41:14
  52. Ruth 3:3 : S Ex 32:6; S Ecc 2:3; S Jer 15:17
  53. Ruth 3:5 : Eph 6:1; Col 3:20
  54. Ruth 3:6 : S Nu 18:27
  55. Ruth 3:7 : Jdg 19:6, 9, 22; 1Sa 25:36; 2Sa 13:28; 1Ki 21:7; Est 1:10
  56. Ruth 3:7 : 2Ch 31:6; SS 7:2; Jer 50:26; Hag 2:16
  57. Ruth 3:9 : Eze 16:8
  58. Ruth 3:9 : S Ru 2:20
  59. Ruth 3:10 : S Jdg 17:2
  60. Ruth 3:10 : S Jos 2:12
  61. Ruth 3:11 : Pr 12:4; 14:1; 31:10
  62. Ruth 3:12 : S Ru 2:20
  63. Ruth 3:12 : Ru 4:1
  64. Ruth 3:13 : Dt 25:5; Ru 4:5; Mt 22:24
  65. Ruth 3:13 : S Nu 14:21; Hos 4:15
  66. Ruth 3:13 : Ru 4:6
  67. Ruth 3:14 : S Nu 18:27
  68. Ruth 3:14 : Ro 14:16; 2Co 8:21
  69. Ruth 3:15 : Isa 3:22
  70. Ruth 3:18 : Ps 37:3-5
  71. Ruth 4:1 : S Ge 18:1; S 23:10
  72. Ruth 4:1 : S Ru 2:20
  73. Ruth 4:1 : Ru 3:12
  74. Ruth 4:2 : S Ex 3:16
  75. Ruth 4:2 : S Dt 25:7
  76. Ruth 4:3 : S Lev 25:25; S Ru 1:2
  77. Ruth 4:4 : S Lev 25:25; Jer 32:7-8
  78. Ruth 4:5 : S Ru 1:22
  79. Ruth 4:5 : S Ge 38:8; S Ru 3:13
  80. Ruth 4:6 : Lev 25:25; Ru 3:13
  81. Ruth 4:6 : S Dt 25:7
  82. Ruth 4:7 : S Lev 25:24
  83. Ruth 4:7 : ver 8
  84. Ruth 4:7 : Isa 8:1-2, 16, 20
  85. Ruth 4:7 : Dt 25:7-9
  86. Ruth 4:8 : Dt 25:9
  87. Ruth 4:9 : Isa 8:2; Jer 32:10, 44
  88. Ruth 4:10 : S Ru 1:22
  89. Ruth 4:10 : S Dt 25:5
  90. Ruth 4:10 : S Dt 25:6
  91. Ruth 4:10 : S Jos 24:22
  92. Ruth 4:11 : S Ge 23:10
  93. Ruth 4:11 : S Dt 25:9
  94. Ruth 4:11 : S Ge 4:19; S 29:16
  95. Ruth 4:11 : S Ge 35:16
  96. Ruth 4:11 : Ru 1:19
  97. Ruth 4:12 : S Ge 38:29
  98. Ruth 4:12 : Ge 38:6, 24
  99. Ruth 4:13 : S Ge 8:1; S 29:31
  100. Ruth 4:13 : S Ge 29:32; S 30:6; Lk 1:57
  101. Ruth 4:14 : Lk 1:58
  102. Ruth 4:14 : S Ge 24:27
  103. Ruth 4:14 : S Ru 2:20
  104. Ruth 4:15 : S Ge 11:31
  105. Ruth 4:15 : 1Sa 1:8; 2:5; Job 1:2
  106. Ruth 4:17 : ver 22; 1Sa 16:1, 18; 17:12, 17, 58; 1Ch 2:12, 13; Ps 72:20
  107. Ruth 4:17 : 1Sa 16:13; 1Ch 2:15
  108. Ruth 4:18 : 4:18-22pp — 1Ch 2:5-15; Mt 1:3-6; Lk 3:31-33
  109. Ruth 4:18 : S Ge 38:29
  110. Ruth 4:18 : Nu 26:21
  111. Ruth 4:19 : S Ex 6:23
  112. Ruth 4:20 : S Nu 7:12
  113. Ruth 4:21 : S Ru 2:1
New International Version (NIV)

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John 4:43-54

Jesus Heals an Official’s Son

43 After the two days(A) he left for Galilee. 44 (Now Jesus himself had pointed out that a prophet has no honor in his own country.)(B) 45 When he arrived in Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him. They had seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival,(C) for they also had been there.

46 Once more he visited Cana in Galilee, where he had turned the water into wine.(D) And there was a certain royal official whose son lay sick at Capernaum. 47 When this man heard that Jesus had arrived in Galilee from Judea,(E) he went to him and begged him to come and heal his son, who was close to death.

48 “Unless you people see signs and wonders,”(F) Jesus told him, “you will never believe.”

49 The royal official said, “Sir, come down before my child dies.”

50 “Go,” Jesus replied, “your son will live.”

The man took Jesus at his word and departed. 51 While he was still on the way, his servants met him with the news that his boy was living. 52 When he inquired as to the time when his son got better, they said to him, “Yesterday, at one in the afternoon, the fever left him.”

53 Then the father realized that this was the exact time at which Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.” So he and his whole household(G) believed.

54 This was the second sign(H) Jesus performed after coming from Judea to Galilee.

New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 105:16-36

16 He called down famine(A) on the land
and destroyed all their supplies of food;
17 and he sent a man before them—
Joseph, sold as a slave.(B)
18 They bruised his feet with shackles,(C)
his neck was put in irons,
19 till what he foretold(D) came to pass,
till the word(E) of the Lord proved him true.
20 The king sent and released him,
the ruler of peoples set him free.(F)
21 He made him master of his household,
ruler over all he possessed,
22 to instruct his princes(G) as he pleased
and teach his elders wisdom.(H)

23 Then Israel entered Egypt;(I)
Jacob resided(J) as a foreigner in the land of Ham.(K)
24 The Lord made his people very fruitful;
he made them too numerous(L) for their foes,
25 whose hearts he turned(M) to hate his people,
to conspire(N) against his servants.
26 He sent Moses(O) his servant,
and Aaron,(P) whom he had chosen.(Q)
27 They performed(R) his signs(S) among them,
his wonders(T) in the land of Ham.
28 He sent darkness(U) and made the land dark—
for had they not rebelled against(V) his words?
29 He turned their waters into blood,(W)
causing their fish to die.(X)
30 Their land teemed with frogs,(Y)
which went up into the bedrooms of their rulers.
31 He spoke,(Z) and there came swarms of flies,(AA)
and gnats(AB) throughout their country.
32 He turned their rain into hail,(AC)
with lightning throughout their land;
33 he struck down their vines(AD) and fig trees(AE)
and shattered the trees of their country.
34 He spoke,(AF) and the locusts came,(AG)
grasshoppers(AH) without number;(AI)
35 they ate up every green thing in their land,
ate up the produce of their soil.
36 Then he struck down all the firstborn(AJ) in their land,
the firstfruits of all their manhood.

New International Version (NIV)

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Proverbs 14:26-27

26 Whoever fears the Lord has a secure fortress,(A)
and for their children it will be a refuge.(B)

27 The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life,(C)
turning a person from the snares of death.(D)

New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday May 5, 2021 (NIV)

Judges 21 - Ruth 1

Wives for the Benjamites

21 The men of Israel had taken an oath(A) at Mizpah:(B) “Not one of us will give(C) his daughter in marriage to a Benjamite.”

The people went to Bethel,[a] where they sat before God until evening, raising their voices and weeping bitterly. Lord, God of Israel,” they cried, “why has this happened to Israel? Why should one tribe be missing(D) from Israel today?”

Early the next day the people built an altar and presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings.(E)

Then the Israelites asked, “Who from all the tribes of Israel(F) has failed to assemble before the Lord?” For they had taken a solemn oath that anyone who failed to assemble before the Lord at Mizpah was to be put to death.

Now the Israelites grieved for the tribe of Benjamin, their fellow Israelites. “Today one tribe is cut off from Israel,” they said. “How can we provide wives for those who are left, since we have taken an oath(G) by the Lord not to give them any of our daughters in marriage?” Then they asked, “Which one of the tribes of Israel failed to assemble before the Lord at Mizpah?” They discovered that no one from Jabesh Gilead(H) had come to the camp for the assembly. For when they counted the people, they found that none of the people of Jabesh Gilead were there.

10 So the assembly sent twelve thousand fighting men with instructions to go to Jabesh Gilead and put to the sword those living there, including the women and children. 11 “This is what you are to do,” they said. “Kill every male(I) and every woman who is not a virgin.(J) 12 They found among the people living in Jabesh Gilead four hundred young women who had never slept with a man, and they took them to the camp at Shiloh(K) in Canaan.

13 Then the whole assembly sent an offer of peace(L) to the Benjamites at the rock of Rimmon.(M) 14 So the Benjamites returned at that time and were given the women of Jabesh Gilead who had been spared. But there were not enough for all of them.

15 The people grieved for Benjamin,(N) because the Lord had made a gap in the tribes of Israel. 16 And the elders of the assembly said, “With the women of Benjamin destroyed, how shall we provide wives for the men who are left? 17 The Benjamite survivors must have heirs,” they said, “so that a tribe of Israel will not be wiped out.(O) 18 We can’t give them our daughters as wives, since we Israelites have taken this oath:(P) ‘Cursed be anyone who gives(Q) a wife to a Benjamite.’ 19 But look, there is the annual festival of the Lord in Shiloh,(R) which lies north of Bethel(S), east of the road that goes from Bethel to Shechem,(T) and south of Lebonah.”

20 So they instructed the Benjamites, saying, “Go and hide in the vineyards 21 and watch. When the young women of Shiloh come out to join in the dancing,(U) rush from the vineyards and each of you seize one of them to be your wife. Then return to the land of Benjamin. 22 When their fathers or brothers complain to us, we will say to them, ‘Do us the favor of helping them, because we did not get wives for them during the war. You will not be guilty of breaking your oath because you did not give(V) your daughters to them.’”

23 So that is what the Benjamites did. While the young women were dancing,(W) each man caught one and carried her off to be his wife. Then they returned to their inheritance(X) and rebuilt the towns and settled in them.(Y)

24 At that time the Israelites left that place and went home to their tribes and clans, each to his own inheritance.

25 In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as they saw fit.(Z)

Naomi Loses Her Husband and Sons

In the days when the judges ruled,[b](AA) there was a famine in the land.(AB) So a man from Bethlehem in Judah,(AC) together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while(AD) in the country of Moab.(AE) The man’s name was Elimelek,(AF) his wife’s name was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion.(AG) They were Ephrathites(AH) from Bethlehem,(AI) Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.

Now Elimelek, Naomi’s husband, died, and she was left with her two sons. They married Moabite women,(AJ) one named Orpah and the other Ruth.(AK) After they had lived there about ten years, both Mahlon and Kilion(AL) also died,(AM) and Naomi was left without her two sons and her husband.

Naomi and Ruth Return to Bethlehem

When Naomi heard in Moab(AN) that the Lord had come to the aid of his people(AO) by providing food(AP) for them, she and her daughters-in-law(AQ) prepared to return home from there. With her two daughters-in-law she left the place where she had been living and set out on the road that would take them back to the land of Judah.

Then Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go back, each of you, to your mother’s home.(AR) May the Lord show you kindness,(AS) as you have shown kindness to your dead husbands(AT) and to me. May the Lord grant that each of you will find rest(AU) in the home of another husband.”

Then she kissed(AV) them goodbye and they wept aloud(AW) 10 and said to her, “We will go back with you to your people.”

11 But Naomi said, “Return home, my daughters. Why would you come with me? Am I going to have any more sons, who could become your husbands?(AX) 12 Return home, my daughters; I am too old to have another husband. Even if I thought there was still hope for me—even if I had a husband tonight and then gave birth to sons— 13 would you wait until they grew up?(AY) Would you remain unmarried for them? No, my daughters. It is more bitter(AZ) for me than for you, because the Lord’s hand has turned against me!(BA)

14 At this they wept(BB) aloud again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law(BC) goodbye,(BD) but Ruth clung to her.(BE)

15 “Look,” said Naomi, “your sister-in-law(BF) is going back to her people and her gods.(BG) Go back with her.”

16 But Ruth replied, “Don’t urge me to leave you(BH) or to turn back from you. Where you go I will go,(BI) and where you stay I will stay. Your people will be my people(BJ) and your God my God.(BK) 17 Where you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the Lord deal with me, be it ever so severely,(BL) if even death separates you and me.”(BM) 18 When Naomi realized that Ruth was determined to go with her, she stopped urging her.(BN)

19 So the two women went on until they came to Bethlehem.(BO) When they arrived in Bethlehem, the whole town was stirred(BP) because of them, and the women exclaimed, “Can this be Naomi?”

20 “Don’t call me Naomi,[c]” she told them. “Call me Mara,[d] because the Almighty[e](BQ) has made my life very bitter.(BR) 21 I went away full, but the Lord has brought me back empty.(BS) Why call me Naomi? The Lord has afflicted[f] me;(BT) the Almighty has brought misfortune upon me.”

22 So Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the Moabite,(BU) her daughter-in-law,(BV) arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest(BW) was beginning.(BX)


  1. Judges 21:2 Or to the house of God
  2. Ruth 1:1 Traditionally judged
  3. Ruth 1:20 Naomi means pleasant.
  4. Ruth 1:20 Mara means bitter.
  5. Ruth 1:20 Hebrew Shaddai; also in verse 21
  6. Ruth 1:21 Or has testified against

Cross references:

  1. Judges 21:1 : S Jos 9:18
  2. Judges 21:1 : S Jos 11:3
  3. Judges 21:1 : ver 18, 22
  4. Judges 21:3 : ver 6, 17
  5. Judges 21:4 : Jdg 20:26
  6. Judges 21:5 : Jdg 20:1
  7. Judges 21:7 : S Jos 9:18
  8. Judges 21:8 : 1Sa 11:1; 31:11; 2Sa 2:4; 21:12; 1Ch 10:11
  9. Judges 21:11 : S Nu 31:7
  10. Judges 21:11 : Nu 31:17-18
  11. Judges 21:12 : S Jos 18:1
  12. Judges 21:13 : S Dt 2:26
  13. Judges 21:13 : S Jos 15:32
  14. Judges 21:15 : ver 6
  15. Judges 21:17 : S ver 3
  16. Judges 21:18 : S Jos 9:18
  17. Judges 21:18 : S ver 1
  18. Judges 21:19 : S Jos 18:1
  19. Judges 21:19 : Jos 16:1
  20. Judges 21:19 : S Jos 17:7
  21. Judges 21:21 : S Ex 15:20
  22. Judges 21:22 : S ver 1; ver 1, 18
  23. Judges 21:23 : ver 21
  24. Judges 21:23 : S Jos 24:28
  25. Judges 21:23 : Jdg 20:48
  26. Judges 21:25 : S Dt 12:8
  27. Ruth 1:1 : Jdg 2:16-18
  28. Ruth 1:1 : S Ge 12:10; 2Ki 6:25; Ps 105:16; Hag 1:11
  29. Ruth 1:1 : S Ge 35:19
  30. Ruth 1:1 : Ge 47:4
  31. Ruth 1:1 : S Ge 36:35
  32. Ruth 1:2 : ver 3; Ru 2:1; 4:3
  33. Ruth 1:2 : ver 5; Ru 4:9
  34. Ruth 1:2 : S Ge 35:16
  35. Ruth 1:2 : Ge 35:19; 1Sa 16:18
  36. Ruth 1:4 : 1Ki 11:1; 2Ch 24:26; Ezr 9:2; Ne 13:23
  37. Ruth 1:4 : ver 14; Ru 4:13; Mt 1:5
  38. Ruth 1:5 : S ver 2
  39. Ruth 1:5 : ver 8; Ru 2:11
  40. Ruth 1:6 : S Ge 36:35
  41. Ruth 1:6 : S Ge 50:24; Ex 4:31; Jer 29:10; Zep 2:7
  42. Ruth 1:6 : Ps 132:15; Mt 6:11
  43. Ruth 1:6 : S Ge 11:31; S 38:16
  44. Ruth 1:8 : Ge 38:11
  45. Ruth 1:8 : S Ge 19:19; 2Ti 1:16
  46. Ruth 1:8 : S ver 5
  47. Ruth 1:9 : Ru 3:1
  48. Ruth 1:9 : S Ge 27:27; S 29:11
  49. Ruth 1:9 : S Ge 27:38; S Nu 25:6
  50. Ruth 1:11 : Ge 38:11; Dt 25:5
  51. Ruth 1:13 : Ge 38:11
  52. Ruth 1:13 : ver 20; Ex 1:14; 15:23; 1Sa 30:6
  53. Ruth 1:13 : S Jdg 2:15; S Job 4:5
  54. Ruth 1:14 : ver 9
  55. Ruth 1:14 : Ru 2:11; 3:1; Mic 7:6
  56. Ruth 1:14 : S Ge 31:28
  57. Ruth 1:14 : S Dt 10:20
  58. Ruth 1:15 : Dt 25:7
  59. Ruth 1:15 : S Jos 24:14
  60. Ruth 1:16 : 2Ki 2:2
  61. Ruth 1:16 : Ge 24:58
  62. Ruth 1:16 : Ps 45:10
  63. Ruth 1:16 : S Jos 24:15
  64. Ruth 1:17 : 1Sa 3:17; 14:44; 20:13; 25:22; 2Sa 3:9, 35; 2Sa 19:13; 1Ki 2:23; 19:2; 20:10; 2Ki 6:31
  65. Ruth 1:17 : 2Sa 15:21
  66. Ruth 1:18 : Ac 21:14
  67. Ruth 1:19 : S Jdg 17:7
  68. Ruth 1:19 : Mt 21:10
  69. Ruth 1:20 : S Ge 15:1; S 17:1; Ps 91:1
  70. Ruth 1:20 : S ver 13
  71. Ruth 1:21 : Job 1:21
  72. Ruth 1:21 : Job 30:11; Ps 88:7; Isa 53:4
  73. Ruth 1:22 : Ru 2:2, 6, 21; 4:5, 10
  74. Ruth 1:22 : S Ge 11:31
  75. Ruth 1:22 : S Ex 9:31; S Lev 19:9
  76. Ruth 1:22 : 2Sa 21:9
New International Version (NIV)

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John 4:4-42

Now he had to go through Samaria.(A) So he came to a town in Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of ground Jacob had given to his son Joseph.(B) Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired as he was from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about noon.

When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, “Will you give me a drink?”(C) (His disciples had gone into the town(D) to buy food.)

The Samaritan woman said to him, “You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan(E) woman. How can you ask me for a drink?” (For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.[a])

10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.”(F)

11 “Sir,” the woman said, “you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well(G) and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his livestock?”

13 Jesus answered, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst.(H) Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water(I) welling up to eternal life.”(J)

15 The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water so that I won’t get thirsty(K) and have to keep coming here to draw water.”

16 He told her, “Go, call your husband and come back.”

17 “I have no husband,” she replied.

Jesus said to her, “You are right when you say you have no husband. 18 The fact is, you have had five husbands, and the man you now have is not your husband. What you have just said is quite true.”

19 “Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet.(L) 20 Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain,(M) but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.”(N)

21 “Woman,” Jesus replied, “believe me, a time is coming(O) when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.(P) 22 You Samaritans worship what you do not know;(Q) we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews.(R) 23 Yet a time is coming and has now come(S) when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit(T) and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit,(U) and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”

25 The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ)(V) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.”

26 Then Jesus declared, “I, the one speaking to you—I am he.”(W)

The Disciples Rejoin Jesus

27 Just then his disciples returned(X) and were surprised to find him talking with a woman. But no one asked, “What do you want?” or “Why are you talking with her?”

28 Then, leaving her water jar, the woman went back to the town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me everything I ever did.(Y) Could this be the Messiah?”(Z) 30 They came out of the town and made their way toward him.

31 Meanwhile his disciples urged him, “Rabbi,(AA) eat something.”

32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat(AB) that you know nothing about.”

33 Then his disciples said to each other, “Could someone have brought him food?”

34 “My food,” said Jesus, “is to do the will(AC) of him who sent me and to finish his work.(AD) 35 Don’t you have a saying, ‘It’s still four months until harvest’? I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest.(AE) 36 Even now the one who reaps draws a wage and harvests(AF) a crop for eternal life,(AG) so that the sower and the reaper may be glad together. 37 Thus the saying ‘One sows and another reaps’(AH) is true. 38 I sent you to reap what you have not worked for. Others have done the hard work, and you have reaped the benefits of their labor.”

Many Samaritans Believe

39 Many of the Samaritans from that town(AI) believed in him because of the woman’s testimony, “He told me everything I ever did.”(AJ) 40 So when the Samaritans came to him, they urged him to stay with them, and he stayed two days. 41 And because of his words many more became believers.

42 They said to the woman, “We no longer believe just because of what you said; now we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this man really is the Savior of the world.”(AK)


  1. John 4:9 Or do not use dishes Samaritans have used
New International Version (NIV)

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Psalm 105:1-15

Psalm 105(A)

Give praise to the Lord,(B) proclaim his name;(C)
make known among the nations what he has done.
Sing to him,(D) sing praise to him;(E)
tell of all his wonderful acts.(F)
Glory in his holy name;(G)
let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice.
Look to the Lord and his strength;
seek his face(H) always.

Remember the wonders(I) he has done,
his miracles, and the judgments he pronounced,(J)
you his servants, the descendants of Abraham,(K)
his chosen(L) ones, the children of Jacob.
He is the Lord our God;
his judgments are in all the earth.

He remembers his covenant(M) forever,
the promise he made, for a thousand generations,
the covenant he made with Abraham,(N)
the oath he swore to Isaac.
10 He confirmed it(O) to Jacob as a decree,
to Israel as an everlasting covenant:(P)
11 “To you I will give the land of Canaan(Q)
as the portion you will inherit.”(R)

12 When they were but few in number,(S)
few indeed, and strangers in it,(T)
13 they wandered from nation to nation,(U)
from one kingdom to another.
14 He allowed no one to oppress(V) them;
for their sake he rebuked kings:(W)
15 “Do not touch(X) my anointed ones;
do my prophets(Y) no harm.”

New International Version (NIV)

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Proverbs 14:24-25

24 The wealth of the wise is their crown,
but the folly of fools yields folly.(A)

25 A truthful witness saves lives,
but a false witness is deceitful.(B)

New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Tuesday May 4, 2021 (NIV)

Judges 19-20

A Levite and His Concubine

19 In those days Israel had no king.

Now a Levite who lived in a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim(A) took a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.(B) But she was unfaithful to him. She left him and went back to her parents’ home in Bethlehem, Judah. After she had been there four months, her husband went to her to persuade her to return. He had with him his servant and two donkeys. She took him into her parents’ home, and when her father saw him, he gladly welcomed him. His father-in-law, the woman’s father, prevailed on him to stay; so he remained with him three days, eating and drinking,(C) and sleeping there.

On the fourth day they got up early and he prepared to leave, but the woman’s father said to his son-in-law, “Refresh yourself(D) with something to eat; then you can go.” So the two of them sat down to eat and drink together. Afterward the woman’s father said, “Please stay tonight and enjoy yourself.(E) And when the man got up to go, his father-in-law persuaded him, so he stayed there that night. On the morning of the fifth day, when he rose to go, the woman’s father said, “Refresh yourself. Wait till afternoon!” So the two of them ate together.

Then when the man, with his concubine and his servant, got up to leave, his father-in-law, the woman’s father, said, “Now look, it’s almost evening. Spend the night here; the day is nearly over. Stay and enjoy yourself. Early tomorrow morning you can get up and be on your way home.” 10 But, unwilling to stay another night, the man left and went toward Jebus(F) (that is, Jerusalem), with his two saddled donkeys and his concubine.

11 When they were near Jebus and the day was almost gone, the servant said to his master, “Come, let’s stop at this city of the Jebusites(G) and spend the night.”

12 His master replied, “No. We won’t go into any city whose people are not Israelites. We will go on to Gibeah.” 13 He added, “Come, let’s try to reach Gibeah or Ramah(H) and spend the night in one of those places.” 14 So they went on, and the sun set as they neared Gibeah in Benjamin.(I) 15 There they stopped to spend the night.(J) They went and sat in the city square,(K) but no one took them in for the night.

16 That evening(L) an old man from the hill country of Ephraim,(M) who was living in Gibeah (the inhabitants of the place were Benjamites), came in from his work in the fields. 17 When he looked and saw the traveler in the city square, the old man asked, “Where are you going? Where did you come from?”(N)

18 He answered, “We are on our way from Bethlehem in Judah to a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim where I live. I have been to Bethlehem in Judah and now I am going to the house of the Lord.[a](O) No one has taken me in for the night. 19 We have both straw and fodder(P) for our donkeys(Q) and bread and wine(R) for ourselves your servants—me, the woman and the young man with us. We don’t need anything.”

20 “You are welcome at my house,” the old man said. “Let me supply whatever you need. Only don’t spend the night in the square.” 21 So he took him into his house and fed his donkeys. After they had washed their feet, they had something to eat and drink.(S)

22 While they were enjoying themselves,(T) some of the wicked men(U) of the city surrounded the house. Pounding on the door, they shouted to the old man who owned the house, “Bring out the man who came to your house so we can have sex with him.(V)

23 The owner of the house went outside(W) and said to them, “No, my friends, don’t be so vile. Since this man is my guest, don’t do this outrageous thing.(X) 24 Look, here is my virgin daughter,(Y) and his concubine. I will bring them out to you now, and you can use them and do to them whatever you wish. But as for this man, don’t do such an outrageous thing.”

25 But the men would not listen to him. So the man took his concubine and sent her outside to them, and they raped her(Z) and abused her(AA) throughout the night, and at dawn they let her go. 26 At daybreak the woman went back to the house where her master was staying, fell down at the door and lay there until daylight.

27 When her master got up in the morning and opened the door of the house and stepped out to continue on his way, there lay his concubine, fallen in the doorway of the house, with her hands on the threshold. 28 He said to her, “Get up; let’s go.” But there was no answer. Then the man put her on his donkey and set out for home.

29 When he reached home, he took a knife(AB) and cut up his concubine, limb by limb, into twelve parts and sent them into all the areas of Israel.(AC) 30 Everyone who saw it was saying to one another, “Such a thing has never been seen or done, not since the day the Israelites came up out of Egypt.(AD) Just imagine! We must do something! So speak up!(AE)

The Israelites Punish the Benjamites

20 Then all Israel(AF) from Dan to Beersheba(AG) and from the land of Gilead came together as one(AH) and assembled(AI) before the Lord in Mizpah.(AJ) The leaders of all the people of the tribes of Israel took their places in the assembly of God’s people, four hundred thousand men(AK) armed with swords. (The Benjamites heard that the Israelites had gone up to Mizpah.) Then the Israelites said, “Tell us how this awful thing happened.”

So the Levite, the husband of the murdered woman, said, “I and my concubine came to Gibeah(AL) in Benjamin to spend the night.(AM) During the night the men of Gibeah came after me and surrounded the house, intending to kill me.(AN) They raped my concubine, and she died.(AO) I took my concubine, cut her into pieces and sent one piece to each region of Israel’s inheritance,(AP) because they committed this lewd and outrageous act(AQ) in Israel. Now, all you Israelites, speak up and tell me what you have decided to do.(AR)

All the men rose up together as one, saying, “None of us will go home. No, not one of us will return to his house. But now this is what we’ll do to Gibeah: We’ll go up against it in the order decided by casting lots.(AS) 10 We’ll take ten men out of every hundred from all the tribes of Israel, and a hundred from a thousand, and a thousand from ten thousand, to get provisions for the army. Then, when the army arrives at Gibeah[b] in Benjamin, it can give them what they deserve for this outrageous act done in Israel.” 11 So all the Israelites got together and united as one against the city.(AT)

12 The tribes of Israel sent messengers throughout the tribe of Benjamin, saying, “What about this awful crime that was committed among you?(AU) 13 Now turn those wicked men(AV) of Gibeah over to us so that we may put them to death and purge the evil from Israel.(AW)

But the Benjamites would not listen to their fellow Israelites. 14 From their towns they came together at Gibeah to fight against the Israelites. 15 At once the Benjamites mobilized twenty-six thousand swordsmen from their towns, in addition to seven hundred able young men from those living in Gibeah. 16 Among all these soldiers there were seven hundred select troops who were left-handed,(AX) each of whom could sling a stone at a hair and not miss.

17 Israel, apart from Benjamin, mustered four hundred thousand swordsmen, all of them fit for battle.

18 The Israelites went up to Bethel[c](AY) and inquired of God.(AZ) They said, “Who of us is to go up first(BA) to fight(BB) against the Benjamites?”

The Lord replied, “Judah(BC) shall go first.”

19 The next morning the Israelites got up and pitched camp near Gibeah. 20 The Israelites went out to fight the Benjamites and took up battle positions against them at Gibeah. 21 The Benjamites came out of Gibeah and cut down twenty-two thousand Israelites(BD) on the battlefield that day. 22 But the Israelites encouraged one another and again took up their positions where they had stationed themselves the first day. 23 The Israelites went up and wept before the Lord(BE) until evening,(BF) and they inquired of the Lord.(BG) They said, “Shall we go up again to fight(BH) against the Benjamites, our fellow Israelites?”

The Lord answered, “Go up against them.”

24 Then the Israelites drew near to Benjamin the second day. 25 This time, when the Benjamites came out from Gibeah to oppose them, they cut down another eighteen thousand Israelites,(BI) all of them armed with swords.

26 Then all the Israelites, the whole army, went up to Bethel, and there they sat weeping before the Lord.(BJ) They fasted(BK) that day until evening and presented burnt offerings(BL) and fellowship offerings(BM) to the Lord.(BN) 27 And the Israelites inquired of the Lord.(BO) (In those days the ark of the covenant of God(BP) was there, 28 with Phinehas son of Eleazar,(BQ) the son of Aaron, ministering before it.)(BR) They asked, “Shall we go up again to fight against the Benjamites, our fellow Israelites, or not?”

The Lord responded, “Go, for tomorrow I will give them into your hands.(BS)

29 Then Israel set an ambush(BT) around Gibeah. 30 They went up against the Benjamites on the third day and took up positions against Gibeah as they had done before. 31 The Benjamites came out to meet them and were drawn away(BU) from the city. They began to inflict casualties on the Israelites as before, so that about thirty men fell in the open field and on the roads—the one leading to Bethel(BV) and the other to Gibeah. 32 While the Benjamites were saying, “We are defeating them as before,”(BW) the Israelites were saying, “Let’s retreat and draw them away from the city to the roads.”

33 All the men of Israel moved from their places and took up positions at Baal Tamar, and the Israelite ambush charged out of its place(BX) on the west[d] of Gibeah.[e] 34 Then ten thousand of Israel’s able young men made a frontal attack on Gibeah. The fighting was so heavy that the Benjamites did not realize(BY) how near disaster was.(BZ) 35 The Lord defeated Benjamin(CA) before Israel, and on that day the Israelites struck down 25,100 Benjamites, all armed with swords. 36 Then the Benjamites saw that they were beaten.

Now the men of Israel had given way(CB) before Benjamin, because they relied on the ambush(CC) they had set near Gibeah. 37 Those who had been in ambush made a sudden dash into Gibeah, spread out and put the whole city to the sword.(CD) 38 The Israelites had arranged with the ambush that they should send up a great cloud of smoke(CE) from the city,(CF) 39 and then the Israelites would counterattack.

The Benjamites had begun to inflict casualties on the Israelites (about thirty), and they said, “We are defeating them as in the first battle.”(CG) 40 But when the column of smoke began to rise from the city, the Benjamites turned and saw the whole city going up in smoke.(CH) 41 Then the Israelites counterattacked,(CI) and the Benjamites were terrified, because they realized that disaster had come(CJ) on them. 42 So they fled before the Israelites in the direction of the wilderness, but they could not escape the battle. And the Israelites who came out of the towns cut them down there. 43 They surrounded the Benjamites, chased them and easily[f] overran them in the vicinity of Gibeah on the east. 44 Eighteen thousand Benjamites fell, all of them valiant fighters.(CK) 45 As they turned and fled toward the wilderness to the rock of Rimmon,(CL) the Israelites cut down five thousand men along the roads. They kept pressing after the Benjamites as far as Gidom and struck down two thousand more.

46 On that day twenty-five thousand Benjamite(CM) swordsmen fell, all of them valiant fighters. 47 But six hundred of them turned and fled into the wilderness to the rock of Rimmon, where they stayed four months. 48 The men of Israel went back to Benjamin and put all the towns to the sword, including the animals and everything else they found. All the towns they came across they set on fire.(CN)


  1. Judges 19:18 Hebrew, Vulgate, Syriac and Targum; Septuagint going home
  2. Judges 20:10 One Hebrew manuscript; most Hebrew manuscripts Geba, a variant of Gibeah
  3. Judges 20:18 Or to the house of God; also in verse 26
  4. Judges 20:33 Some Septuagint manuscripts and Vulgate; the meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
  5. Judges 20:33 Hebrew Geba, a variant of Gibeah
  6. Judges 20:43 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

Cross references:

  1. Judges 19:1 : ver 16, 18
  2. Judges 19:1 : Ru 1:1
  3. Judges 19:4 : ver 6, 8; S Ex 32:6
  4. Judges 19:5 : ver 8; Ge 18:5
  5. Judges 19:6 : S Jdg 16:25
  6. Judges 19:10 : S Ge 10:16; S Jos 15:8
  7. Judges 19:11 : S Ge 10:16; S Jos 3:10
  8. Judges 19:13 : S Jos 18:25
  9. Judges 19:14 : Jos 15:57; 1Sa 10:26; 11:4; 13:2; 15:34; Isa 10:29
  10. Judges 19:15 : S Ge 24:23
  11. Judges 19:15 : S Ge 19:2
  12. Judges 19:16 : Ps 104:23
  13. Judges 19:16 : S ver 1
  14. Judges 19:17 : S Ge 29:4
  15. Judges 19:18 : S Jdg 18:31
  16. Judges 19:19 : Ge 24:25
  17. Judges 19:19 : S Ge 42:27
  18. Judges 19:19 : S Ge 14:18
  19. Judges 19:21 : Ge 24:32-33; Lk 7:44
  20. Judges 19:22 : S Jdg 16:25
  21. Judges 19:22 : S Dt 13:13
  22. Judges 19:22 : Ge 19:4-5; Jdg 20:5; Ro 1:26-27
  23. Judges 19:23 : Ge 19:6
  24. Judges 19:23 : S Ge 34:7; S Lev 19:29; S Jos 7:15; S Jdg 20:6; Ro 1:27
  25. Judges 19:24 : Ge 19:8
  26. Judges 19:25 : Jdg 20:5
  27. Judges 19:25 : 1Sa 31:4
  28. Judges 19:29 : S Ge 22:6
  29. Judges 19:29 : Jdg 20:6; 1Sa 11:7
  30. Judges 19:30 : Hos 9:9
  31. Judges 19:30 : Jdg 20:7; Pr 13:10
  32. Judges 20:1 : Jdg 21:5
  33. Judges 20:1 : S Ge 21:14; 1Sa 3:20; 2Sa 3:10; 17:11; 24:15; 1Ki 4:25; 2Ch 30:5
  34. Judges 20:1 : ver 11; 1Sa 11:7
  35. Judges 20:1 : 1Sa 7:5
  36. Judges 20:1 : S Jos 11:3
  37. Judges 20:2 : 1Sa 11:8
  38. Judges 20:4 : S Jos 15:57
  39. Judges 20:4 : S Ge 24:23
  40. Judges 20:5 : S Jdg 19:22
  41. Judges 20:5 : Jdg 19:25-26
  42. Judges 20:6 : S Jdg 19:29
  43. Judges 20:6 : S Jdg 19:23; 2Sa 13:12
  44. Judges 20:7 : S Jdg 19:30
  45. Judges 20:9 : S Lev 16:8
  46. Judges 20:11 : S ver 1
  47. Judges 20:12 : Dt 13:14
  48. Judges 20:13 : S Dt 13:13
  49. Judges 20:13 : S Dt 13:5; S 1Co 5:13
  50. Judges 20:16 : S Jdg 3:15
  51. Judges 20:18 : S Jos 12:9; S Jdg 18:31
  52. Judges 20:18 : S Jdg 18:5
  53. Judges 20:18 : S Jdg 1:1
  54. Judges 20:18 : ver 23, 28
  55. Judges 20:18 : S Ge 49:10
  56. Judges 20:21 : ver 25
  57. Judges 20:23 : S Nu 14:1
  58. Judges 20:23 : Jos 7:6
  59. Judges 20:23 : S Jdg 18:5
  60. Judges 20:23 : S ver 18
  61. Judges 20:25 : ver 21
  62. Judges 20:26 : S Nu 14:1
  63. Judges 20:26 : 2Sa 12:21
  64. Judges 20:26 : Lev 1:3
  65. Judges 20:26 : S Ex 32:6
  66. Judges 20:26 : Jdg 21:4
  67. Judges 20:27 : S Jdg 18:5
  68. Judges 20:27 : S Nu 10:33
  69. Judges 20:28 : Nu 25:7
  70. Judges 20:28 : Dt 18:5
  71. Judges 20:28 : S Jos 2:24
  72. Judges 20:29 : S Jos 8:2, 4
  73. Judges 20:31 : Jos 8:16
  74. Judges 20:31 : Jos 16:1
  75. Judges 20:32 : ver 39
  76. Judges 20:33 : Jos 8:19
  77. Judges 20:34 : Jos 8:14
  78. Judges 20:34 : ver 41
  79. Judges 20:35 : 1Sa 9:21
  80. Judges 20:36 : Jos 8:15
  81. Judges 20:36 : Jos 8:2
  82. Judges 20:37 : Jos 8:19
  83. Judges 20:38 : Jos 8:20
  84. Judges 20:38 : Jos 8:4-8
  85. Judges 20:39 : ver 32; Ps 78:9
  86. Judges 20:40 : Jos 8:20
  87. Judges 20:41 : Jos 8:21
  88. Judges 20:41 : ver 34
  89. Judges 20:44 : 1Sa 10:26; Ps 76:5
  90. Judges 20:45 : S Jos 15:32
  91. Judges 20:46 : 1Sa 9:21
  92. Judges 20:48 : Jdg 21:23
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John 3:22-4:3

John Testifies Again About Jesus

22 After this, Jesus and his disciples went out into the Judean countryside, where he spent some time with them, and baptized.(A) 23 Now John(B) also was baptizing at Aenon near Salim, because there was plenty of water, and people were coming and being baptized. 24 (This was before John was put in prison.)(C) 25 An argument developed between some of John’s disciples and a certain Jew over the matter of ceremonial washing.(D) 26 They came to John and said to him, “Rabbi,(E) that man who was with you on the other side of the Jordan—the one you testified(F) about—look, he is baptizing, and everyone is going to him.”

27 To this John replied, “A person can receive only what is given them from heaven. 28 You yourselves can testify that I said, ‘I am not the Messiah but am sent ahead of him.’(G) 29 The bride belongs to the bridegroom.(H) The friend who attends the bridegroom waits and listens for him, and is full of joy when he hears the bridegroom’s voice. That joy is mine, and it is now complete.(I) 30 He must become greater; I must become less.”[a]

31 The one who comes from above(J) is above all; the one who is from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks as one from the earth.(K) The one who comes from heaven is above all. 32 He testifies to what he has seen and heard,(L) but no one accepts his testimony.(M) 33 Whoever has accepted it has certified that God is truthful. 34 For the one whom God has sent(N) speaks the words of God, for God[b] gives the Spirit(O) without limit. 35 The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands.(P) 36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life,(Q) but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on them.

Jesus Talks With a Samaritan Woman

Now Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that he was gaining and baptizing more disciples than John(R) although in fact it was not Jesus who baptized, but his disciples. So he left Judea(S) and went back once more to Galilee.


  1. John 3:30 Some interpreters end the quotation with verse 36.
  2. John 3:34 Greek he
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Psalm 104:24-35

24 How many are your works,(A) Lord!
In wisdom you made(B) them all;
the earth is full of your creatures.(C)
25 There is the sea,(D) vast and spacious,
teeming with creatures beyond number—
living things both large and small.(E)
26 There the ships(F) go to and fro,
and Leviathan,(G) which you formed to frolic(H) there.(I)

27 All creatures look to you
to give them their food(J) at the proper time.
28 When you give it to them,
they gather it up;
when you open your hand,
they are satisfied(K) with good things.
29 When you hide your face,(L)
they are terrified;
when you take away their breath,
they die and return to the dust.(M)
30 When you send your Spirit,(N)
they are created,
and you renew the face of the ground.

31 May the glory of the Lord(O) endure forever;
may the Lord rejoice in his works(P)
32 he who looks at the earth, and it trembles,(Q)
who touches the mountains,(R) and they smoke.(S)

33 I will sing(T) to the Lord all my life;
I will sing praise to my God as long as I live.
34 May my meditation be pleasing to him,
as I rejoice(U) in the Lord.
35 But may sinners vanish(V) from the earth
and the wicked be no more.(W)

Praise the Lord, my soul.

Praise the Lord.[a](X)


  1. Psalm 104:35 Hebrew Hallelu Yah; in the Septuagint this line stands at the beginning of Psalm 105.
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Proverbs 14:22-23

22 Do not those who plot evil go astray?(A)
But those who plan what is good find[a] love and faithfulness.

23 All hard work brings a profit,
but mere talk leads only to poverty.


  1. Proverbs 14:22 Or show

Cross references:

  1. Proverbs 14:22 : Pr 4:16-17
New International Version (NIV)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Monday May 3, 2021 (NIV)

Judges 17-18

Micah’s Idols

17 Now a man named Micah(A) from the hill country of Ephraim said to his mother, “The eleven hundred shekels[a] of silver that were taken from you and about which I heard you utter a curse—I have that silver with me; I took it.”

Then his mother said, “The Lord bless you,(B) my son!”

When he returned the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother, she said, “I solemnly consecrate my silver to the Lord for my son to make an image overlaid with silver.(C) I will give it back to you.”

So after he returned the silver to his mother, she took two hundred shekels[b] of silver and gave them to a silversmith, who used them to make the idol.(D) And it was put in Micah’s house.

Now this man Micah had a shrine,(E) and he made an ephod(F) and some household gods(G) and installed(H) one of his sons as his priest.(I) In those days Israel had no king;(J) everyone did as they saw fit.(K)

A young Levite(L) from Bethlehem in Judah,(M) who had been living within the clan of Judah, left that town in search of some other place to stay. On his way[c] he came to Micah’s house in the hill country of Ephraim.

Micah asked him, “Where are you from?”

“I’m a Levite from Bethlehem in Judah,(N)” he said, “and I’m looking for a place to stay.”

10 Then Micah said to him, “Live with me and be my father(O) and priest,(P) and I’ll give you ten shekels[d] of silver a year, your clothes and your food.” 11 So the Levite agreed to live with him, and the young man became like one of his sons to him. 12 Then Micah installed(Q) the Levite, and the young man became his priest(R) and lived in his house. 13 And Micah said, “Now I know that the Lord will be good to me, since this Levite has become my priest.”(S)

The Danites Settle in Laish

18 In those days Israel had no king.(T)

And in those days the tribe of the Danites was seeking a place of their own where they might settle, because they had not yet come into an inheritance among the tribes of Israel.(U) So the Danites(V) sent five of their leading men(W) from Zorah and Eshtaol to spy out(X) the land and explore it. These men represented all the Danites. They told them, “Go, explore the land.”(Y)

So they entered the hill country of Ephraim and came to the house of Micah,(Z) where they spent the night. When they were near Micah’s house, they recognized the voice of the young Levite;(AA) so they turned in there and asked him, “Who brought you here? What are you doing in this place? Why are you here?”

He told them what Micah had done for him, and said, “He has hired me and I am his priest.(AB)

Then they said to him, “Please inquire of God(AC) to learn whether our journey will be successful.”

The priest answered them, “Go in peace(AD). Your journey has the Lord’s approval.”

So the five men(AE) left and came to Laish,(AF) where they saw that the people were living in safety, like the Sidonians, at peace and secure.(AG) And since their land lacked nothing, they were prosperous.[e] Also, they lived a long way from the Sidonians(AH) and had no relationship with anyone else.[f]

When they returned to Zorah and Eshtaol, their fellow Danites asked them, “How did you find things?”

They answered, “Come on, let’s attack them! We have seen the land, and it is very good. Aren’t you going to do something? Don’t hesitate to go there and take it over.(AI) 10 When you get there, you will find an unsuspecting people and a spacious land that God has put into your hands, a land that lacks nothing(AJ) whatever.(AK)

11 Then six hundred men(AL) of the Danites,(AM) armed for battle, set out from Zorah and Eshtaol. 12 On their way they set up camp near Kiriath Jearim(AN) in Judah. This is why the place west of Kiriath Jearim is called Mahaneh Dan[g](AO) to this day. 13 From there they went on to the hill country of Ephraim and came to Micah’s house.(AP)

14 Then the five men who had spied out the land of Laish(AQ) said to their fellow Danites, “Do you know that one of these houses has an ephod,(AR) some household gods and an image overlaid with silver?(AS) Now you know what to do.” 15 So they turned in there and went to the house of the young Levite at Micah’s place and greeted him. 16 The six hundred Danites,(AT) armed for battle, stood at the entrance of the gate. 17 The five men who had spied out the land went inside and took the idol, the ephod and the household gods(AU) while the priest and the six hundred armed men(AV) stood at the entrance of the gate.

18 When the five men went into Micah’s house and took(AW) the idol, the ephod and the household gods,(AX) the priest said to them, “What are you doing?”

19 They answered him, “Be quiet!(AY) Don’t say a word. Come with us, and be our father and priest.(AZ) Isn’t it better that you serve a tribe and clan(BA) in Israel as priest rather than just one man’s household?” 20 The priest was very pleased. He took the ephod, the household gods and the idol and went along with the people. 21 Putting their little children, their livestock and their possessions in front of them, they turned away and left.

22 When they had gone some distance from Micah’s house, the men who lived near Micah were called together and overtook the Danites. 23 As they shouted after them, the Danites turned and said to Micah, “What’s the matter with you that you called out your men to fight?”

24 He replied, “You took(BB) the gods I made, and my priest, and went away. What else do I have? How can you ask, ‘What’s the matter with you?’”

25 The Danites answered, “Don’t argue with us, or some of the men may get angry and attack you, and you and your family will lose your lives.” 26 So the Danites went their way, and Micah, seeing that they were too strong for him,(BC) turned around and went back home.

27 Then they took what Micah had made, and his priest, and went on to Laish, against a people at peace and secure.(BD) They attacked them with the sword and burned(BE) down their city.(BF) 28 There was no one to rescue them because they lived a long way from Sidon(BG) and had no relationship with anyone else. The city was in a valley near Beth Rehob.(BH)

The Danites rebuilt the city and settled there. 29 They named it Dan(BI) after their ancestor Dan, who was born to Israel—though the city used to be called Laish.(BJ) 30 There the Danites set up for themselves the idol, and Jonathan son of Gershom,(BK) the son of Moses,[h] and his sons were priests for the tribe of Dan until the time of the captivity of the land. 31 They continued to use the idol Micah had made,(BL) all the time the house of God(BM) was in Shiloh.(BN)


  1. Judges 17:2 That is, about 28 pounds or about 13 kilograms
  2. Judges 17:4 That is, about 5 pounds or about 2.3 kilograms
  3. Judges 17:8 Or To carry on his profession
  4. Judges 17:10 That is, about 4 ounces or about 115 grams
  5. Judges 18:7 The meaning of the Hebrew for this clause is uncertain.
  6. Judges 18:7 Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts with the Arameans
  7. Judges 18:12 Mahaneh Dan means Dan’s camp.
  8. Judges 18:30 Many Hebrew manuscripts, some Septuagint manuscripts and Vulgate; many other Hebrew manuscripts and some other Septuagint manuscripts Manasseh

Cross references:

  1. Judges 17:1 : Jdg 18:2, 13
  2. Judges 17:2 : Ru 2:20; 3:10; 1Sa 15:13; 23:21; 2Sa 2:5
  3. Judges 17:3 : S Ex 20:4
  4. Judges 17:4 : S Ex 32:4; S Isa 17:8
  5. Judges 17:5 : Isa 44:13; Eze 8:10
  6. Judges 17:5 : S Jdg 8:27
  7. Judges 17:5 : S Ge 31:19
  8. Judges 17:5 : S Nu 16:10
  9. Judges 17:5 : S Ex 29:9
  10. Judges 17:6 : Jdg 18:1; 19:1; 21:25
  11. Judges 17:6 : S Dt 12:8
  12. Judges 17:7 : Jdg 18:3
  13. Judges 17:7 : S Ge 35:19; Mt 2:1
  14. Judges 17:9 : Ru 1:1
  15. Judges 17:10 : S Ge 45:8
  16. Judges 17:10 : Jdg 18:19
  17. Judges 17:12 : S Nu 16:10
  18. Judges 17:12 : Jdg 18:4
  19. Judges 17:13 : Nu 18:7
  20. Judges 18:1 : S Jdg 17:6
  21. Judges 18:1 : Jos 19:47; Jdg 1:34
  22. Judges 18:2 : S Ge 30:6
  23. Judges 18:2 : ver 17
  24. Judges 18:2 : S Nu 21:32
  25. Judges 18:2 : S Jos 2:1
  26. Judges 18:2 : S Jdg 17:1
  27. Judges 18:3 : Jdg 17:7
  28. Judges 18:4 : Jdg 17:12
  29. Judges 18:5 : S Ge 25:22; Jdg 20:18, 23, 27; 1Sa 14:18; 2Sa 5:19; 2Ki 1:2; 8:8
  30. Judges 18:6 : 1Ki 22:6
  31. Judges 18:7 : ver 17
  32. Judges 18:7 : S Jos 19:47
  33. Judges 18:7 : S Ge 34:25
  34. Judges 18:7 : ver 28; Jos 11:8
  35. Judges 18:9 : Nu 13:30; 1Ki 22:3
  36. Judges 18:10 : Dt 8:9
  37. Judges 18:10 : 1Ch 4:40
  38. Judges 18:11 : ver 16, 17
  39. Judges 18:11 : Jdg 13:2
  40. Judges 18:12 : S Jos 9:17
  41. Judges 18:12 : Jdg 13:25
  42. Judges 18:13 : S Jdg 17:1
  43. Judges 18:14 : S Jos 19:47
  44. Judges 18:14 : S Jdg 8:27
  45. Judges 18:14 : S Ge 31:19
  46. Judges 18:16 : S ver 11
  47. Judges 18:17 : S Ge 31:19; Mic 5:13
  48. Judges 18:17 : ver 11
  49. Judges 18:18 : ver 24; Isa 46:2; Jer 43:11; 48:7; 49:3; Hos 10:5
  50. Judges 18:18 : S Ge 31:19
  51. Judges 18:19 : Job 13:5; 21:5; 29:9; 40:4; Isa 52:15; Mic 7:16
  52. Judges 18:19 : Jdg 17:10
  53. Judges 18:19 : Nu 26:42
  54. Judges 18:24 : S ver 17-18
  55. Judges 18:26 : 2Sa 3:39; Ps 18:17; 35:10
  56. Judges 18:27 : S Ge 34:25
  57. Judges 18:27 : S Nu 31:10
  58. Judges 18:27 : Ge 49:17; S Jos 19:47
  59. Judges 18:28 : S ver 7; S Ge 10:19
  60. Judges 18:28 : S Nu 13:21
  61. Judges 18:29 : S Ge 14:14
  62. Judges 18:29 : S Jos 19:47; 1Ki 15:20
  63. Judges 18:30 : Ex 2:22
  64. Judges 18:31 : ver 17
  65. Judges 18:31 : Jdg 19:18; 20:18
  66. Judges 18:31 : S Jos 18:1; Jer 7:14
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John 3:1-21

Jesus Teaches Nicodemus

Now there was a Pharisee, a man named Nicodemus(A) who was a member of the Jewish ruling council.(B) He came to Jesus at night and said, “Rabbi,(C) we know(D) that you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the signs(E) you are doing if God were not with him.”(F)

Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.[a](G)

“How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!”

Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit.(H) Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit[b] gives birth to spirit.(I) You should not be surprised at my saying, ‘You[c] must be born again.’ The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit.”[d](J)

“How can this be?”(K) Nicodemus asked.

10 “You are Israel’s teacher,”(L) said Jesus, “and do you not understand these things? 11 Very truly I tell you, we speak of what we know,(M) and we testify to what we have seen, but still you people do not accept our testimony.(N) 12 I have spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe; how then will you believe if I speak of heavenly things? 13 No one has ever gone into heaven(O) except the one who came from heaven(P)—the Son of Man.[e](Q) 14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness,(R) so the Son of Man must be lifted up,[f](S) 15 that everyone who believes(T) may have eternal life in him.”[g](U)

16 For God so loved(V) the world that he gave(W) his one and only Son,(X) that whoever believes(Y) in him shall not perish but have eternal life.(Z) 17 For God did not send his Son into the world(AA) to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.(AB) 18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned,(AC) but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son.(AD) 19 This is the verdict: Light(AE) has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil.(AF) 20 Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed.(AG) 21 But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.


  1. John 3:3 The Greek for again also means from above; also in verse 7.
  2. John 3:6 Or but spirit
  3. John 3:7 The Greek is plural.
  4. John 3:8 The Greek for Spirit is the same as that for wind.
  5. John 3:13 Some manuscripts Man, who is in heaven
  6. John 3:14 The Greek for lifted up also means exalted.
  7. John 3:15 Some interpreters end the quotation with verse 21.
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Psalm 104:1-24

Psalm 104

Praise the Lord, my soul.(A)

Lord my God, you are very great;
you are clothed with splendor and majesty.(B)

The Lord wraps(C) himself in light(D) as with a garment;
he stretches(E) out the heavens(F) like a tent(G)
and lays the beams(H) of his upper chambers on their waters.(I)
He makes the clouds(J) his chariot(K)
and rides on the wings of the wind.(L)
He makes winds his messengers,[a](M)
flames of fire(N) his servants.

He set the earth(O) on its foundations;(P)
it can never be moved.
You covered it(Q) with the watery depths(R) as with a garment;
the waters stood(S) above the mountains.
But at your rebuke(T) the waters fled,
at the sound of your thunder(U) they took to flight;
they flowed over the mountains,
they went down into the valleys,
to the place you assigned(V) for them.
You set a boundary(W) they cannot cross;
never again will they cover the earth.

10 He makes springs(X) pour water into the ravines;
it flows between the mountains.
11 They give water(Y) to all the beasts of the field;
the wild donkeys(Z) quench their thirst.
12 The birds of the sky(AA) nest by the waters;
they sing among the branches.(AB)
13 He waters the mountains(AC) from his upper chambers;(AD)
the land is satisfied by the fruit of his work.(AE)
14 He makes grass grow(AF) for the cattle,
and plants for people to cultivate—
bringing forth food(AG) from the earth:
15 wine(AH) that gladdens human hearts,
oil(AI) to make their faces shine,
and bread that sustains(AJ) their hearts.
16 The trees of the Lord(AK) are well watered,
the cedars of Lebanon(AL) that he planted.
17 There the birds(AM) make their nests;
the stork has its home in the junipers.
18 The high mountains belong to the wild goats;(AN)
the crags are a refuge for the hyrax.(AO)

19 He made the moon to mark the seasons,(AP)
and the sun(AQ) knows when to go down.
20 You bring darkness,(AR) it becomes night,(AS)
and all the beasts of the forest(AT) prowl.
21 The lions roar for their prey(AU)
and seek their food from God.(AV)
22 The sun rises, and they steal away;
they return and lie down in their dens.(AW)
23 Then people go out to their work,(AX)
to their labor until evening.(AY)

24 How many are your works,(AZ) Lord!
In wisdom you made(BA) them all;
the earth is full of your creatures.(BB)


  1. Psalm 104:4 Or angels

Cross references:

  1. Psalm 104:1 : S Ps 103:22
  2. Psalm 104:1 : S Job 40:10
  3. Psalm 104:2 : Isa 49:18; Jer 43:12
  4. Psalm 104:2 : Ps 18:12; 1Ti 6:16
  5. Psalm 104:2 : Job 9:8; Jer 51:15
  6. Psalm 104:2 : Job 37:18; Isa 40:22; 42:5; 44:24; Zec 12:1
  7. Psalm 104:2 : S Ps 19:4
  8. Psalm 104:3 : Am 9:6
  9. Psalm 104:3 : S Ps 24:2
  10. Psalm 104:3 : S Dt 33:26; Isa 19:1; Na 1:3
  11. Psalm 104:3 : S 2Ki 2:11
  12. Psalm 104:3 : Ps 18:10
  13. Psalm 104:4 : Ps 148:8; Heb 1:7*
  14. Psalm 104:4 : Ge 3:24; 2Ki 2:11
  15. Psalm 104:5 : Ex 31:17; Job 26:7; Ps 24:1-2; 102:25; 121:2
  16. Psalm 104:5 : S 1Sa 2:8
  17. Psalm 104:6 : Ge 7:19
  18. Psalm 104:6 : S Ge 1:2
  19. Psalm 104:6 : 2Pe 3:6
  20. Psalm 104:7 : S Ps 18:15
  21. Psalm 104:7 : S Ex 9:23; Ps 29:3
  22. Psalm 104:8 : Ps 33:7
  23. Psalm 104:9 : S Ge 1:9; S Ps 16:6
  24. Psalm 104:10 : Ps 107:33; Isa 41:18
  25. Psalm 104:11 : ver 13
  26. Psalm 104:11 : S Ge 16:12; Isa 32:14; Jer 14:6
  27. Psalm 104:12 : ver 17; Mt 8:20
  28. Psalm 104:12 : Mt 13:32
  29. Psalm 104:13 : Ps 135:7; 147:8; Jer 10:13; Zec 10:1
  30. Psalm 104:13 : S Lev 26:4
  31. Psalm 104:13 : Am 9:6
  32. Psalm 104:14 : S Job 38:27; Ps 147:8
  33. Psalm 104:14 : S Ge 1:30; S Job 28:5
  34. Psalm 104:15 : S Ge 14:18; S Jdg 9:13
  35. Psalm 104:15 : Ps 23:5; 92:10; Lk 7:46
  36. Psalm 104:15 : S Dt 8:3; Mt 6:11
  37. Psalm 104:16 : Ge 1:11
  38. Psalm 104:16 : S Ps 72:16
  39. Psalm 104:17 : ver 12
  40. Psalm 104:18 : S Dt 14:5
  41. Psalm 104:18 : Pr 30:26
  42. Psalm 104:19 : S Ge 1:14
  43. Psalm 104:19 : Ps 19:6
  44. Psalm 104:20 : Isa 45:7; Am 5:8
  45. Psalm 104:20 : Ps 74:16
  46. Psalm 104:20 : S Ps 50:10
  47. Psalm 104:21 : Am 3:4
  48. Psalm 104:21 : Ps 145:15; Joel 1:20; S Mt 6:26
  49. Psalm 104:22 : S Job 37:8
  50. Psalm 104:23 : S Ge 3:19
  51. Psalm 104:23 : Jdg 19:16
  52. Psalm 104:24 : Ps 40:5
  53. Psalm 104:24 : S Ge 1:31
  54. Psalm 104:24 : Ps 24:1; 50:10-11
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Proverbs 14:20-21

20 The poor are shunned even by their neighbors,
but the rich have many friends.(A)

21 It is a sin to despise one’s neighbor,(B)
but blessed is the one who is kind to the needy.(C)

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The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Sunday May 2, 2021 (NIV)

Judges 15-16

Samson’s Vengeance on the Philistines

15 Later on, at the time of wheat harvest,(A) Samson(B) took a young goat(C) and went to visit his wife. He said, “I’m going to my wife’s room.”(D) But her father would not let him go in.

“I was so sure you hated her,” he said, “that I gave her to your companion.(E) Isn’t her younger sister more attractive? Take her instead.”

Samson said to them, “This time I have a right to get even with the Philistines; I will really harm them.” So he went out and caught three hundred foxes(F) and tied them tail to tail in pairs. He then fastened a torch(G) to every pair of tails, lit the torches(H) and let the foxes loose in the standing grain of the Philistines. He burned up the shocks(I) and standing grain, together with the vineyards and olive groves.

When the Philistines asked, “Who did this?” they were told, “Samson, the Timnite’s son-in-law, because his wife was given to his companion.(J)

So the Philistines went up and burned her(K) and her father to death.(L) Samson said to them, “Since you’ve acted like this, I swear that I won’t stop until I get my revenge on you.” He attacked them viciously and slaughtered many of them. Then he went down and stayed in a cave in the rock(M) of Etam.(N)

The Philistines went up and camped in Judah, spreading out near Lehi.(O) 10 The people of Judah asked, “Why have you come to fight us?”

“We have come to take Samson prisoner,” they answered, “to do to him as he did to us.”

11 Then three thousand men from Judah went down to the cave in the rock of Etam and said to Samson, “Don’t you realize that the Philistines are rulers over us?(P) What have you done to us?”

He answered, “I merely did to them what they did to me.”

12 They said to him, “We’ve come to tie you up and hand you over to the Philistines.”

Samson said, “Swear to me(Q) that you won’t kill me yourselves.”

13 “Agreed,” they answered. “We will only tie you up and hand you over to them. We will not kill you.” So they bound him with two new ropes(R) and led him up from the rock. 14 As he approached Lehi,(S) the Philistines came toward him shouting. The Spirit of the Lord came powerfully upon him.(T) The ropes on his arms became like charred flax,(U) and the bindings dropped from his hands. 15 Finding a fresh jawbone of a donkey, he grabbed it and struck down a thousand men.(V)

16 Then Samson said,

“With a donkey’s jawbone
I have made donkeys of them.[a](W)
With a donkey’s jawbone
I have killed a thousand men.”

17 When he finished speaking, he threw away the jawbone; and the place was called Ramath Lehi.[b](X)

18 Because he was very thirsty, he cried out to the Lord,(Y) “You have given your servant this great victory.(Z) Must I now die of thirst and fall into the hands of the uncircumcised?” 19 Then God opened up the hollow place in Lehi, and water came out of it. When Samson drank, his strength returned and he revived.(AA) So the spring(AB) was called En Hakkore,[c] and it is still there in Lehi.

20 Samson led[d] Israel for twenty years(AC) in the days of the Philistines.

Samson and Delilah

16 One day Samson(AD) went to Gaza,(AE) where he saw a prostitute.(AF) He went in to spend the night with her. The people of Gaza were told, “Samson is here!” So they surrounded the place and lay in wait for him all night at the city gate.(AG) They made no move during the night, saying, “At dawn(AH) we’ll kill him.”

But Samson lay there only until the middle of the night. Then he got up and took hold of the doors of the city gate, together with the two posts, and tore them loose, bar and all. He lifted them to his shoulders and carried them to the top of the hill that faces Hebron.(AI)

Some time later, he fell in love(AJ) with a woman in the Valley of Sorek whose name was Delilah.(AK) The rulers of the Philistines(AL) went to her and said, “See if you can lure(AM) him into showing you the secret of his great strength(AN) and how we can overpower him so we may tie him up and subdue him. Each one of us will give you eleven hundred shekels[e] of silver.”(AO)

So Delilah(AP) said to Samson, “Tell me the secret of your great strength and how you can be tied up and subdued.”

Samson answered her, “If anyone ties me with seven fresh bowstrings that have not been dried, I’ll become as weak as any other man.”

Then the rulers of the Philistines brought her seven fresh bowstrings that had not been dried, and she tied him with them. With men hidden in the room,(AQ) she called to him, “Samson, the Philistines are upon you!”(AR) But he snapped the bowstrings as easily as a piece of string snaps when it comes close to a flame. So the secret of his strength was not discovered.

10 Then Delilah said to Samson, “You have made a fool of me;(AS) you lied to me. Come now, tell me how you can be tied.”

11 He said, “If anyone ties me securely with new ropes(AT) that have never been used, I’ll become as weak as any other man.”

12 So Delilah took new ropes and tied him with them. Then, with men hidden in the room, she called to him, “Samson, the Philistines are upon you!”(AU) But he snapped the ropes off his arms as if they were threads.

13 Delilah then said to Samson, “All this time you have been making a fool of me and lying to me. Tell me how you can be tied.”

He replied, “If you weave the seven braids of my head into the fabric on the loom and tighten it with the pin, I’ll become as weak as any other man.” So while he was sleeping, Delilah took the seven braids of his head, wove them into the fabric 14 and[f] tightened it with the pin.

Again she called to him, “Samson, the Philistines are upon you!”(AV) He awoke from his sleep and pulled up the pin and the loom, with the fabric.

15 Then she said to him, “How can you say, ‘I love you,’(AW) when you won’t confide in me? This is the third time(AX) you have made a fool of me and haven’t told me the secret of your great strength.(AY) 16 With such nagging she prodded him day after day until he was sick to death of it.

17 So he told her everything.(AZ) “No razor has ever been used on my head,” he said, “because I have been a Nazirite(BA) dedicated to God from my mother’s womb. If my head were shaved, my strength would leave me, and I would become as weak as any other man.”

18 When Delilah saw that he had told her everything, she sent word to the rulers of the Philistines(BB), “Come back once more; he has told me everything.” So the rulers of the Philistines returned with the silver in their hands.(BC) 19 After putting him to sleep on her lap, she called for someone to shave off the seven braids of his hair, and so began to subdue him.[g] And his strength left him.(BD)

20 Then she called, “Samson, the Philistines are upon you!”(BE)

He awoke from his sleep and thought, “I’ll go out as before and shake myself free.” But he did not know that the Lord had left him.(BF)

21 Then the Philistines(BG) seized him, gouged out his eyes(BH) and took him down to Gaza.(BI) Binding him with bronze shackles, they set him to grinding grain(BJ) in the prison. 22 But the hair on his head began to grow again after it had been shaved.

The Death of Samson

23 Now the rulers of the Philistines assembled to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon(BK) their god and to celebrate, saying, “Our god has delivered Samson, our enemy, into our hands.”

24 When the people saw him, they praised their god,(BL) saying,

“Our god has delivered our enemy
into our hands,(BM)
the one who laid waste our land
and multiplied our slain.”

25 While they were in high spirits,(BN) they shouted, “Bring out Samson to entertain us.” So they called Samson out of the prison, and he performed for them.

When they stood him among the pillars, 26 Samson said to the servant who held his hand, “Put me where I can feel the pillars that support the temple, so that I may lean against them.” 27 Now the temple was crowded with men and women; all the rulers of the Philistines were there, and on the roof(BO) were about three thousand men and women watching Samson perform. 28 Then Samson prayed to the Lord,(BP) “Sovereign Lord, remember me. Please, God, strengthen me just once more, and let me with one blow get revenge(BQ) on the Philistines for my two eyes.” 29 Then Samson reached toward the two central pillars on which the temple stood. Bracing himself against them, his right hand on the one and his left hand on the other, 30 Samson said, “Let me die with the Philistines!” Then he pushed with all his might, and down came the temple on the rulers and all the people in it. Thus he killed many more when he died than while he lived.

31 Then his brothers and his father’s whole family went down to get him. They brought him back and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the tomb of Manoah(BR) his father. He had led[h](BS) Israel twenty years.(BT)


  1. Judges 15:16 Or made a heap or two; the Hebrew for donkey sounds like the Hebrew for heap.
  2. Judges 15:17 Ramath Lehi means jawbone hill.
  3. Judges 15:19 En Hakkore means caller’s spring.
  4. Judges 15:20 Traditionally judged
  5. Judges 16:5 That is, about 28 pounds or about 13 kilograms
  6. Judges 16:14 Some Septuagint manuscripts; Hebrew replied, “I can if you weave the seven braids of my head into the fabric on the loom.” 14 So she
  7. Judges 16:19 Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts and he began to weaken
  8. Judges 16:31 Traditionally judged

Cross references:

  1. Judges 15:1 : S Ge 30:14
  2. Judges 15:1 : S Jdg 13:24
  3. Judges 15:1 : S Ge 38:17
  4. Judges 15:1 : Ge 29:21
  5. Judges 15:2 : S Jdg 14:20
  6. Judges 15:4 : SS 2:15
  7. Judges 15:4 : S Ge 15:17
  8. Judges 15:5 : S Ge 15:17
  9. Judges 15:5 : Ex 22:6; 2Sa 14:30-31
  10. Judges 15:6 : S Jdg 14:20
  11. Judges 15:6 : S Ge 38:24
  12. Judges 15:6 : S Jdg 14:15
  13. Judges 15:8 : Isa 2:21
  14. Judges 15:8 : ver 11
  15. Judges 15:9 : ver 14, 17, 19
  16. Judges 15:11 : S Jdg 14:4; Ps 106:40-42
  17. Judges 15:12 : S Ge 47:31
  18. Judges 15:13 : Jdg 16:11, 12
  19. Judges 15:14 : S ver 9
  20. Judges 15:14 : S Jdg 3:10
  21. Judges 15:14 : S Jos 2:6
  22. Judges 15:15 : S Lev 26:8
  23. Judges 15:16 : Jer 22:19
  24. Judges 15:17 : S ver 9
  25. Judges 15:18 : Jdg 16:28
  26. Judges 15:18 : S Dt 20:4
  27. Judges 15:19 : Ge 45:27; 1Sa 30:12; Isa 40:29
  28. Judges 15:19 : S Ex 17:6
  29. Judges 15:20 : Jdg 16:31
  30. Judges 16:1 : S Jdg 13:24
  31. Judges 16:1 : S Ge 10:19
  32. Judges 16:1 : S Ge 38:15
  33. Judges 16:2 : S Jos 2:5
  34. Judges 16:2 : 1Sa 19:11
  35. Judges 16:3 : S Jos 10:36
  36. Judges 16:4 : S Ge 24:67; S 34:3
  37. Judges 16:4 : ver 6
  38. Judges 16:5 : S Jos 13:3
  39. Judges 16:5 : S Ex 10:7; S Jdg 14:15
  40. Judges 16:5 : ver 6, 15
  41. Judges 16:5 : ver 18
  42. Judges 16:6 : ver 4
  43. Judges 16:9 : ver 12
  44. Judges 16:9 : ver 14
  45. Judges 16:10 : ver 13
  46. Judges 16:11 : S Jdg 15:13
  47. Judges 16:12 : ver 14
  48. Judges 16:14 : ver 9, 20
  49. Judges 16:15 : Jdg 14:16
  50. Judges 16:15 : Nu 24:10
  51. Judges 16:15 : S ver 5
  52. Judges 16:17 : ver 18; Mic 7:5
  53. Judges 16:17 : S Nu 6:2
  54. Judges 16:18 : S Jos 13:3; 1Sa 5:8
  55. Judges 16:18 : ver 5
  56. Judges 16:19 : Pr 7:26-27
  57. Judges 16:20 : S ver 14
  58. Judges 16:20 : Nu 14:42; Jos 7:12; 1Sa 16:14; 18:12; 28:15
  59. Judges 16:21 : Jer 47:1
  60. Judges 16:21 : S Nu 16:14
  61. Judges 16:21 : S Ge 10:19
  62. Judges 16:21 : Job 31:10; Isa 47:2
  63. Judges 16:23 : 1Sa 5:2; 1Ch 10:10
  64. Judges 16:24 : Da 5:4
  65. Judges 16:24 : 1Sa 31:9; 1Ch 10:9
  66. Judges 16:25 : Jdg 9:27; 19:6, 9, 22; Ru 3:7; Est 1:10
  67. Judges 16:27 : S Jos 2:8
  68. Judges 16:28 : Jdg 15:18
  69. Judges 16:28 : Jer 15:15
  70. Judges 16:31 : S Jdg 13:2
  71. Judges 16:31 : Ru 1:1; 1Sa 4:18; 7:6
  72. Judges 16:31 : Jdg 15:20
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

John 2

Jesus Changes Water Into Wine

On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee.(A) Jesus’ mother(B) was there, and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.”

“Woman,[a](C) why do you involve me?”(D) Jesus replied. “My hour(E) has not yet come.”

His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”(F)

Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing,(G) each holding from twenty to thirty gallons.[b]

Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim.

Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.”

They did so, and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine.(H) He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.”

11 What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs(I) through which he revealed his glory;(J) and his disciples believed in him.(K)

12 After this he went down to Capernaum(L) with his mother(M) and brothers(N) and his disciples. There they stayed for a few days.

Jesus Clears the Temple Courts(O)

13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover,(P) Jesus went up to Jerusalem.(Q) 14 In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves,(R) and others sitting at tables exchanging money.(S) 15 So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. 16 To those who sold doves he said, “Get these out of here! Stop turning my Father’s house(T) into a market!” 17 His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.”[c](U)

18 The Jews(V) then responded to him, “What sign(W) can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?”(X)

19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.”(Y)

20 They replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?” 21 But the temple he had spoken of was his body.(Z) 22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said.(AA) Then they believed the scripture(AB) and the words that Jesus had spoken.

23 Now while he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival,(AC) many people saw the signs(AD) he was performing and believed(AE) in his name.[d] 24 But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, for he knew all people. 25 He did not need any testimony about mankind,(AF) for he knew what was in each person.(AG)


  1. John 2:4 The Greek for Woman does not denote any disrespect.
  2. John 2:6 Or from about 75 to about 115 liters
  3. John 2:17 Psalm 69:9
  4. John 2:23 Or in him
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Psalm 103

Psalm 103

Of David.

Praise the Lord,(A) my soul;(B)
all my inmost being, praise his holy name.(C)
Praise the Lord,(D) my soul,
and forget not(E) all his benefits—
who forgives all your sins(F)
and heals(G) all your diseases,
who redeems your life(H) from the pit
and crowns you with love and compassion,(I)
who satisfies(J) your desires with good things
so that your youth is renewed(K) like the eagle’s.(L)

The Lord works righteousness(M)
and justice for all the oppressed.(N)

He made known(O) his ways(P) to Moses,
his deeds(Q) to the people of Israel:
The Lord is compassionate and gracious,(R)
slow to anger, abounding in love.
He will not always accuse,
nor will he harbor his anger forever;(S)
10 he does not treat us as our sins deserve(T)
or repay us according to our iniquities.
11 For as high as the heavens are above the earth,
so great is his love(U) for those who fear him;(V)
12 as far as the east is from the west,
so far has he removed our transgressions(W) from us.

13 As a father has compassion(X) on his children,
so the Lord has compassion on those who fear him;
14 for he knows how we are formed,(Y)
he remembers that we are dust.(Z)
15 The life of mortals is like grass,(AA)
they flourish like a flower(AB) of the field;
16 the wind blows(AC) over it and it is gone,
and its place(AD) remembers it no more.
17 But from everlasting to everlasting
the Lord’s love is with those who fear him,
and his righteousness with their children’s children(AE)
18 with those who keep his covenant(AF)
and remember(AG) to obey his precepts.(AH)

19 The Lord has established his throne(AI) in heaven,
and his kingdom rules(AJ) over all.

20 Praise the Lord,(AK) you his angels,(AL)
you mighty ones(AM) who do his bidding,(AN)
who obey his word.
21 Praise the Lord, all his heavenly hosts,(AO)
you his servants(AP) who do his will.
22 Praise the Lord, all his works(AQ)
everywhere in his dominion.

Praise the Lord, my soul.(AR)

Cross references:

  1. Psalm 103:1 : Ps 28:6
  2. Psalm 103:1 : Ps 104:1
  3. Psalm 103:1 : S Ps 30:4
  4. Psalm 103:2 : Ps 106:1; 117:1
  5. Psalm 103:2 : S Dt 6:12; Ps 77:11
  6. Psalm 103:3 : S Ex 34:7
  7. Psalm 103:3 : S Ex 15:26; Col 3:13; 1Pe 2:24; 1Jn 1:9
  8. Psalm 103:4 : Ps 34:22; 56:13; Isa 43:1
  9. Psalm 103:4 : S Ps 8:5; 23:6
  10. Psalm 103:5 : S Ps 90:14; S 104:28
  11. Psalm 103:5 : Job 33:25; Ps 119:25, 93; 2Co 4:16
  12. Psalm 103:5 : S Ex 19:4
  13. Psalm 103:6 : Ps 9:8; 65:5; Isa 9:7
  14. Psalm 103:6 : S Ps 74:21; S Lk 4:19
  15. Psalm 103:7 : Ps 99:7; 147:19
  16. Psalm 103:7 : S Ex 33:13
  17. Psalm 103:7 : Ps 106:22
  18. Psalm 103:8 : S Ex 22:27; S Ps 86:15; Mic 7:18-19; Jas 5:11
  19. Psalm 103:9 : Ps 30:5; 79:5; Isa 57:16; Jer 3:5, 12; Mic 7:18
  20. Psalm 103:10 : S Ezr 9:13; Ro 6:23
  21. Psalm 103:11 : Ps 13:5; 57:10; 100:5; 106:45; 117:2; La 3:22; Eph 3:18
  22. Psalm 103:11 : S 2Ch 6:31
  23. Psalm 103:12 : S 2Sa 12:13; Ro 4:7; Eph 2:5
  24. Psalm 103:13 : Mal 3:17; 1Jn 3:1
  25. Psalm 103:14 : Ps 119:73; 139:13-15; Isa 29:16
  26. Psalm 103:14 : S Ge 2:7; S Ps 146:4
  27. Psalm 103:15 : Ps 37:2; 90:5; 102:11; Isa 40:6
  28. Psalm 103:15 : S Job 14:2; Jas 1:10
  29. Psalm 103:16 : Isa 40:7; Hag 1:9
  30. Psalm 103:16 : S Job 7:8
  31. Psalm 103:17 : S Ge 48:11; S Ezr 9:12
  32. Psalm 103:18 : S Dt 29:9
  33. Psalm 103:18 : Ps 119:52
  34. Psalm 103:18 : S Nu 15:40; Jn 14:15
  35. Psalm 103:19 : Ps 47:8; 80:1; 113:5
  36. Psalm 103:19 : Ps 22:28; 66:7; Da 4:17
  37. Psalm 103:20 : Ps 28:6
  38. Psalm 103:20 : S Ne 9:6; Lk 2:13; Heb 1:14
  39. Psalm 103:20 : S Ps 29:1
  40. Psalm 103:20 : Ps 107:25; 135:7; 148:8
  41. Psalm 103:21 : S 1Ki 22:19
  42. Psalm 103:21 : S Ne 7:73
  43. Psalm 103:22 : Ps 19:1; 67:3; 145:10; 150:6
  44. Psalm 103:22 : ver 1; Ps 104:1
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Proverbs 14:17-19

17 A quick-tempered person(A) does foolish things,(B)
and the one who devises evil schemes is hated.(C)

18 The simple inherit folly,
but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.

19 Evildoers will bow down in the presence of the good,
and the wicked at the gates of the righteous.(D)

New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Saturday May 1, 2021 (NIV)

Judges 13-14

The Birth of Samson

13 The Israelites sinned against the Lord again, and he let the Philistines rule them for forty years.

At that time there was a man named Manoah from the town of Zorah. He was a member of the tribe of Dan. His wife had never been able to have children. The Lord's angel appeared to her and said, “You have never been able to have children, but you will soon be pregnant and have a son. Be sure not to drink any wine or beer, or eat any forbidden food; (A)and after your son is born, you must never cut his hair, because from the day of his birth he will be dedicated to God as a nazirite.[a] He will begin the work of rescuing Israel from the Philistines.”

Then the woman went and told her husband, “A man of God has come to me, and he looked as frightening as the angel[b] of God. I didn't ask him where he came from, and he didn't tell me his name. But he did tell me that I would become pregnant and have a son. He told me not to drink any wine or beer, or eat any forbidden food, because the boy is to be dedicated to God as a nazirite as long as he lives.”

Then Manoah prayed to the Lord, “Please, Lord, let the man of God that you sent come back to us and tell us what we must do with the boy when he is born.”

God did what Manoah asked, and his angel came back to the woman while she was sitting in the field. Her husband Manoah was not with her, 10 so she ran at once and told him, “Look! The man who came to me the other day has appeared to me again.”

11 Manoah got up and followed his wife. He went to the man and asked, “Are you the man who talked to my wife?”

“Yes,” he answered.

12 Then Manoah said, “Now then, when your words come true, what must the boy do? What kind of a life must he lead?”

13 The Lord's angel answered, “Your wife must be sure to do everything that I have told her. 14 She must not eat anything that comes from the grapevine; she must not drink any wine or beer, or eat any forbidden food. She must do everything that I have told her.”

15-16 Not knowing that it was the Lord's angel, Manoah said to him, “Please do not go yet. Let us cook a young goat for you.”

But the angel said, “If I do stay, I will not eat your food. But if you want to prepare it, burn it as an offering to the Lord.”

17 Manoah replied, “Tell us your name, so that we can honor you when your words come true.”

18 The angel asked, “Why do you want to know my name? It is a name of wonder.”[c]

19 So Manoah took a young goat and some grain, and offered them on the rock altar to the Lord who works wonders.[d] 20-21 While the flames were going up from the altar, Manoah and his wife saw the Lord's angel go up toward heaven in the flames. Manoah realized then that the man had been the Lord's angel, and he and his wife threw themselves face downward on the ground. They never saw the angel again.

22 Manoah said to his wife, “We are sure to die, because we have seen God!”

23 But his wife answered, “If the Lord had wanted to kill us, he would not have accepted our offerings; he would not have shown us all this or told us such things at this time.”

24 The woman gave birth to a son and named him Samson. The child grew and the Lord blessed him. 25 And the Lord's power began to strengthen him while he was between Zorah and Eshtaol in the Camp of Dan.

Samson and the Woman from Timnah

14 One day Samson went down to Timnah, where he noticed a certain young Philistine woman. He went back home and told his father and mother, “There is a Philistine woman down at Timnah who caught my attention. Get her for me; I want to marry her.”

But his father and mother asked him, “Why do you have to go to those heathen Philistines to get a wife? Can't you find someone in our own clan, among all our people?”

But Samson told his father, “She is the one I want you to get for me. I like her.”

His parents did not know that it was the Lord who was leading Samson to do this, for the Lord was looking for a chance to fight the Philistines. At this time the Philistines were ruling Israel.

So Samson went down to Timnah with his father and mother. As they were going through the vineyards there, he heard a young lion roaring. Suddenly the power of the Lord made Samson strong, and he tore the lion apart with his bare hands, as if it were a young goat. But he did not tell his parents what he had done.

Then he went and talked to the young woman, and he liked her. A few days later Samson went back to marry her. On the way he left the road to look at the lion he had killed, and he was surprised to find a swarm of bees and some honey inside the dead body. He scraped the honey out into his hands and ate it as he walked along. Then he went to his father and mother and gave them some. They ate it, but Samson did not tell them that he had taken the honey from the dead body of a lion.

10 His father went to the woman's house, and Samson gave a banquet there. This was a custom among the young men. 11 When the Philistines saw him, they sent thirty young men to stay with him. 12-13 Samson said to them, “Let me tell you a riddle. I'll bet each one of you a piece of fine linen and a change of fine clothes that you can't tell me its meaning before the seven days of the wedding feast are over.”

“Tell us your riddle,” they said. “Let's hear it.”

14 He said,

“Out of the eater came something to eat;
Out of the strong came something sweet.”

Three days later they had still not figured out what the riddle meant.

15 On the fourth[e] day they said to Samson's wife, “Trick your husband into telling us what the riddle means. If you don't, we'll set fire to your father's house and burn you with it.[f] You two invited us so that you could rob us, didn't you?”

16 So Samson's wife went to him in tears and said, “You don't love me! You just hate me! You told my friends a riddle and didn't tell me what it means!”

He said, “Look, I haven't even told my father and mother. Why should I tell you?” 17 She cried about it for the whole seven days of the feast. But on the seventh day he told her what the riddle meant, for she nagged him so about it. Then she told the Philistines. 18 So on the seventh day, before Samson went into the bedroom,[g] the men of the city said to him,

“What could be sweeter than honey?
What could be stronger than a lion?”
Samson replied,
“If you hadn't been plowing with my cow,
You wouldn't know the answer now.”

19 Suddenly the power of the Lord made him strong, and he went down to Ashkelon, where he killed thirty men, stripped them, and gave their fine clothes to the men who had solved the riddle. After that, he went back home, furious about what had happened, 20 and his wife was given to the man that had been his best man at the wedding.


  1. Judges 13:5 A person who showed devotion to God by taking vows not to drink wine or beer or allow any hair to be cut or touch corpses (see Nu 6.1-8).
  2. Judges 13:6 the angel; or an angel.
  3. Judges 13:18 name of wonder; or mysterious name.
  4. Judges 13:19 Some ancient translations who works wonders; Hebrew and working wonders while Manoah and his wife watched.
  5. Judges 14:15 Some ancient translations fourth; Hebrew seventh.
  6. Judges 14:15 set fire … you with it; or burn you and your family.
  7. Judges 14:18 Probable text bedroom; Hebrew sun.

Cross references:

  1. Judges 13:5 : Num 6:1-Num 6:5
Good News Translation (GNT)

Copyright © 1992 by American Bible Society

John 1:29-51

The Lamb of God

29 The next day John saw Jesus coming to him, and said, “There is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is the one I was talking about when I said, ‘A man is coming after me, but he is greater than I am, because he existed before I was born.’ 31 I did not know who he would be, but I came baptizing with water in order to make him known to the people of Israel.”

32 And John gave this testimony: “I saw the Spirit come down like a dove from heaven and stay on him. 33 I still did not know that he was the one, but God, who sent me to baptize with water, had said to me, ‘You will see the Spirit come down and stay on a man; he is the one who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ 34 I have seen it,” said John, “and I tell you that he is the Son of God.”

The First Disciples of Jesus

35 The next day John was standing there again with two of his disciples, 36 when he saw Jesus walking by. “There is the Lamb of God!” he said.

37 The two disciples heard him say this and went with Jesus. 38 Jesus turned, saw them following him, and asked, “What are you looking for?”

They answered, “Where do you live, Rabbi?” (This word means “Teacher.”)

39 “Come and see,” he answered. (It was then about four o'clock in the afternoon.) So they went with him and saw where he lived, and spent the rest of that day with him.

40 One of them was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. 41 At once he found his brother Simon and told him, “We have found the Messiah.” (This word means “Christ.”) 42 Then he took Simon to Jesus.

Jesus looked at him and said, “Your name is Simon son of John, but you will be called Cephas.” (This is the same as Peter and means “a rock.”)

Jesus Calls Philip and Nathanael

43 The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Come with me!” (44 Philip was from Bethsaida, the town where Andrew and Peter lived.) 45 Philip found Nathanael and told him, “We have found the one whom Moses wrote about in the book of the Law and whom the prophets also wrote about. He is Jesus son of Joseph, from Nazareth.”

46 “Can anything good come from Nazareth?” Nathanael asked.

“Come and see,” answered Philip.

47 When Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, he said about him, “Here is a real Israelite; there is nothing false in him!”

48 Nathanael asked him, “How do you know me?”

Jesus answered, “I saw you when you were under the fig tree before Philip called you.”

49 “Teacher,” answered Nathanael, “you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”

50 Jesus said, “Do you believe just because I told you I saw you when you were under the fig tree? You will see much greater things than this!” 51 (A)And he said to them, “I am telling you the truth: you will see heaven open and God's angels going up and coming down on the Son of Man.”

Cross references:

  1. John 1:51 : Gen 28:12
Good News Translation (GNT)

Copyright © 1992 by American Bible Society

Psalm 102

The Prayer of a Troubled Youth[a]

102 Listen to my prayer, O Lord,
and hear my cry for help!
When I am in trouble,
don't turn away from me!
Listen to me,
and answer me quickly when I call!

My life is disappearing like smoke;
my body is burning like fire.
I am beaten down like dry grass;
I have lost my desire for food.
I groan aloud;
I am nothing but skin and bones.
I am like a wild bird in the desert,
like an owl in abandoned ruins.
I lie awake;
I am like a lonely bird on a housetop.
All day long my enemies insult me;
those who mock me use my name in cursing.

9-10 Because of your anger and fury,
ashes are my food,
and my tears are mixed with my drink.
You picked me up and threw me away.
11 My life is like the evening shadows;
I am like dry grass.

12 But you, O Lord, are king forever;
all generations will remember you.
13 You will rise and take pity on Zion;
the time has come to have mercy on her;
this is the right time.
14 Your servants love her,
even though she is destroyed;
they have pity on her,
even though she is in ruins.

15 The nations will fear the Lord;
all the kings of the earth will fear his power.
16 When the Lord rebuilds Zion,
he will reveal his greatness.
17 He will hear his forsaken people
and listen to their prayer.

18 Write down for the coming generation what the Lord has done,
so that people not yet born will praise him.
19 The Lord looked down from his holy place on high,
he looked down from heaven to earth.
20 He heard the groans of prisoners
and set free those who were condemned to die.
21 And so his name will be proclaimed in Zion,
and he will be praised in Jerusalem
22 when nations and kingdoms come together
and worship the Lord.

23 The Lord has made me weak while I am still young;
he has shortened my life.
24 O God, do not take me away now
before I grow old.

O Lord, you live forever;
25 (A)long ago you created the earth,
and with your own hands you made the heavens.
26 They will disappear, but you will remain;
they will all wear out like clothes.
You will discard them like clothes,
and they will vanish.
27 But you are always the same,
and your life never ends.
28 Our children will live in safety,
and under your protection
their descendants will be secure.


  1. Psalm 102:1 HEBREW TITLE: A prayer by a weary sufferer who pours out his complaints to the Lord.

Cross references:

  1. Psalm 102:25 : Heb 1:10-Heb 1:12
Good News Translation (GNT)

Copyright © 1992 by American Bible Society

Proverbs 14:15-16

15 A fool will believe anything; smart people watch their step.

16 Sensible people are careful to stay out of trouble, but stupid people are careless and act too quickly.

Good News Translation (GNT)

Copyright © 1992 by American Bible Society

The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Friday April 30, 2021 (NIV)

Judges 11-12

11 Jephthah, a brave soldier from Gilead, was the son of a prostitute. His father Gilead had other sons by his wife, and when they grew up, they forced Jephthah to leave home. They told him, “You will not inherit anything from our father; you are the son of another woman.” Jephthah fled from his brothers and lived in the land of Tob. There he attracted a group of worthless men, and they went around with him.

It was some time later that the Ammonites went to war against Israel. When this happened, the leaders of Gilead went to bring Jephthah back from the land of Tob. They told him, “Come and lead us, so that we can fight the Ammonites.”

But Jephthah answered, “You hated me so much that you forced me to leave my father's house. Why come to me now that you're in trouble?”

They said to Jephthah, “We are turning to you now because we want you to go with us and fight the Ammonites and lead all the people of Gilead.”

Jephthah said to them, “If you take me back home to fight the Ammonites and the Lord gives me victory, I will be your ruler.”

10 They replied, “We agree. The Lord is our witness.” 11 So Jephthah went with the leaders of Gilead, and the people made him their ruler and leader. Jephthah stated his terms at Mizpah in the presence of the Lord.

12 Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon to say, “What is your quarrel with us? Why have you invaded our country?”

13 The king of Ammon answered Jephthah's messengers, “When the Israelites came out of Egypt, they took away my land from the Arnon River to the Jabbok River and the Jordan River. Now you must give it back peacefully.”

14 Jephthah sent messengers back to the king of Ammon 15 with this answer: “It is not true that Israel took away the land of Moab or the land of Ammon. 16 This is what happened: when the Israelites left Egypt, they went through the desert to the Gulf of Aqaba and came to Kadesh. 17 (A)Then they sent messengers to the king of Edom to ask permission to go through his land. But the king of Edom would not let them. They also asked the king of Moab, but neither would he let them go through his land. So the Israelites stayed at Kadesh. 18 (B)Then they went on through the desert, going around the land of Edom and the land of Moab until they came to the east side of Moab, on the other side of the Arnon River. They camped there, but they did not cross the Arnon because it was the boundary of Moab. 19 (C)Then the Israelites sent messengers to Sihon, the Amorite king of Heshbon, and asked him for permission to go through his country to their own land. 20 But Sihon would not let Israel do it. He brought his whole army together, camped at Jahaz, and attacked Israel. 21 But the Lord, the God of Israel, gave the Israelites victory over Sihon and his army. So the Israelites took possession of all the territory of the Amorites who lived in that country. 22 They occupied all the Amorite territory from the Arnon in the south to the Jabbok in the north and from the desert on the east to the Jordan on the west. 23 So it was the Lord, the God of Israel, who drove out the Amorites for his people, the Israelites. 24 Are you going to try to take it back? You can keep whatever your god Chemosh has given you. But we are going to keep everything that the Lord, our God, has taken for us. 25 (D)Do you think you are any better than Balak son of Zippor, king of Moab? He never challenged Israel, did he? Did he ever go to war against us? 26 For three hundred years Israel has occupied Heshbon and Aroer, and the towns around them, and all the cities on the banks of the Arnon River. Why haven't you taken them back in all this time?