The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Thursday May 18, 2023 (NIV)

1 Samuel 22-23

David at the Cave of Adullam

22 David departed from there and escaped to (A)the cave of (B)Adullam. And when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him. (C)And everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was bitter in soul,[a] gathered to him. And he became commander over them. And there were with him (D)about four hundred men.

And David went from there to Mizpeh of Moab. And he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and my mother stay[b] with you, till I know what God will do for me.” And he left them with the king of Moab, and they stayed with him all the time that David was in the stronghold. Then the prophet (E)Gad said to David, “Do not remain in the stronghold; depart, and go into the land of Judah.” So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth.

Saul Kills the Priests at Nob

Now Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men who were with him. Saul was sitting at Gibeah under (F)the tamarisk tree on the height with his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about him. And Saul said to his servants who stood about him, “Hear now, people of Benjamin; will the son of Jesse (G)give every one of you fields and vineyards, will he make you all commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds, that all of you have conspired against me? No one discloses to me (H)when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse. None of you (I)is sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, (J)to lie in wait, as at this day.” Then answered (K)Doeg the Edomite, who stood by the servants of Saul, “I saw the son of Jesse (L)coming to Nob, to (M)Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, 10 (N)and he inquired of the Lord for him and (O)gave him provisions and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”

11 Then the king sent to summon Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests who were at Nob, and all of them came to the king. 12 And Saul said, “Hear now, son of Ahitub.” And he answered, “Here I am, my lord.” 13 And Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword and (P)have inquired of God for him, so that he has risen against me, (Q)to lie in wait, as at this day?” 14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, “And who among all your servants is so faithful as David, who is the king's son-in-law, and captain over[c] your bodyguard, and honored in your house? 15 Is today the first time (R)that I have inquired of God for him? No! Let not the king impute anything to his servant or to all the house of my father, for your servant has known nothing of all this, (S)much or little.” 16 And the king said, “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father's house.” 17 And the king said to (T)the guard who stood about him, “Turn and kill the priests of the Lord, because their hand also is with David, and they knew that he fled and did not disclose it to me.” But the servants of the king would not put out their hand to strike the priests of the Lord. 18 Then the king said to Doeg, “You turn and strike the priests.” And Doeg the Edomite turned and struck down the priests, (U)and he killed on that day eighty-five persons who wore the linen ephod. 19 And Nob, the city of the priests, he put to the sword; (V)both man and woman, child and infant, ox, donkey and sheep, he put to the sword.

20 But one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named (W)Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. 21 And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the priests of the Lord. 22 And David said to Abiathar, “I knew on that day, (X)when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I have occasioned the death of all the persons of your father's house. 23 (Y)Stay with me; do not be afraid, for he who seeks my life seeks your life. With me you shall be in safekeeping.”

David Saves the City of Keilah

23 Now they told David, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against (Z)Keilah and are robbing the threshing floors.” Therefore David (AA)inquired of the Lord, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” And the Lord said to David, “Go and attack the Philistines and save Keilah.” But David's men said to him, “Behold, we are afraid here in Judah; how much more then if we go to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?” Then David (AB)inquired of the Lord again. And the Lord answered him, “Arise, go down to Keilah, (AC)for I will give the Philistines into your hand.” And David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines and brought away their livestock and struck them with a great blow. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.

(AD)When Abiathar the son of Ahimelech had fled to David to Keilah, he had come down with an ephod in his hand. Now it was told Saul that David had come to Keilah. And Saul said, “God has given him into my hand, for he has shut himself in by entering a town that has gates and bars.” And Saul summoned all the people to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men. David knew that Saul was plotting harm against him. And he said to Abiathar the priest, (AE)“Bring the ephod here.” 10 Then David said, “O Lord, the God of Israel, your servant has surely heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah, to destroy the city on my account. 11 Will the men of Keilah surrender me into his hand? Will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? O Lord, the God of Israel, please tell your servant.” And the Lord said, “He will come down.” 12 Then David said, “Will the men of Keilah surrender me and my men into the hand of Saul?” And the Lord said, (AF)“They will surrender you.” 13 Then David and his men, (AG)who were about six hundred, arose and departed from Keilah, and they went (AH)wherever they could go. When Saul was told that David had escaped from Keilah, he gave up the expedition. 14 And David remained in the strongholds in the wilderness, in the hill country (AI)of the wilderness of (AJ)Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God did not give him into his hand.

Saul Pursues David

15 David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh. 16 And Jonathan, Saul's son, rose and went to David at Horesh, and strengthened his hand in God. 17 And he said to him, “Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. (AK)Saul my father also knows this.” 18 (AL)And the two of them made a covenant before the Lord. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

19 (AM)Then the Ziphites went up to Saul at Gibeah, saying, “Is not David hiding among us in the strongholds at Horesh, on the hill of Hachilah, which is south of (AN)Jeshimon? 20 Now come down, O king, according to all your heart's desire to come down, (AO)and our part shall be to surrender him into the king's hand.” 21 And Saul said, (AP)“May you be blessed by the Lord, (AQ)for you have had compassion on me. 22 Go, make yet more sure. Know and see the place where his foot is, and who has seen him there, for it is told me that he is very cunning. 23 See therefore and take note of all the lurking places where he hides, and come back to me with sure information. Then I will go with you. And if he is in the land, I will search him out among all the thousands of Judah.” 24 And they arose and went to Ziph ahead of Saul.

Now David and his men were (AR)in the wilderness of Maon, (AS)in the Arabah to the south of (AT)Jeshimon. 25 And Saul and his men went to seek him. And David was told, so he went down to the rock and lived in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon. 26 Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain. And David was hurrying to get away from Saul. As Saul and his men were closing in on David and his men to capture them, 27 a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Hurry and come, for the Philistines have made a raid against the land.” 28 So Saul returned from pursuing after David and went against the Philistines. Therefore that place was called the Rock of Escape.[d] 29 [e] And David went up from there and lived in the strongholds of (AU)Engedi.


  1. 1 Samuel 22:2 Or discontented
  2. 1 Samuel 22:3 Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew go out
  3. 1 Samuel 22:14 Septuagint, Targum; Hebrew and has turned aside to
  4. 1 Samuel 23:28 Or Rock of Divisions
  5. 1 Samuel 23:29 Ch 24:1 in Hebrew

Cross references:

  1. 1 Samuel 22:1 : See Ps. 57; 142
  2. 1 Samuel 22:1 : 2 Sam. 23:13; 1 Chr. 11:15
  3. 1 Samuel 22:2 : [Judg. 9:4; 11:3]
  4. 1 Samuel 22:2 : [ch. 23:13; 25:13]
  5. 1 Samuel 22:5 : 2 Sam. 24:11, 18, 19; 1 Chr. 21:9, 11, 13, 18, 19; 29:29; 2 Chr. 29:25
  6. 1 Samuel 22:6 : [ch. 31:13; Gen. 21:33]
  7. 1 Samuel 22:7 : [ch. 8:14]
  8. 1 Samuel 22:8 : ch. 18:3
  9. 1 Samuel 22:8 : [ch. 23:21]
  10. 1 Samuel 22:8 : ver. 13
  11. 1 Samuel 22:9 : ch. 21:7; See Ps. 52
  12. 1 Samuel 22:9 : ch. 21:1
  13. 1 Samuel 22:9 : [ch. 14:3]
  14. 1 Samuel 22:10 : ch. 23:2, 4; 30:8; 2 Sam. 5:19, 23; [Num. 27:21]
  15. 1 Samuel 22:10 : ch. 21:6, 9
  16. 1 Samuel 22:13 : [See ver. 10 above]; ch. 23:2, 4; 30:8; 2 Sam. 5:19, 23; [Num. 27:21]
  17. 1 Samuel 22:13 : ver. 8
  18. 1 Samuel 22:15 : [See ver. 10 above]; ch. 23:2, 4; 30:8; 2 Sam. 5:19, 23; [Num. 27:21]
  19. 1 Samuel 22:15 : ch. 25:36
  20. 1 Samuel 22:17 : [2 Kgs. 10:25; 11:4, 6; 2 Chr. 12:10]
  21. 1 Samuel 22:18 : [ch. 2:31]
  22. 1 Samuel 22:19 : [ch. 15:3]
  23. 1 Samuel 22:20 : ch. 23:6, 9
  24. 1 Samuel 22:22 : ch. 21:7
  25. 1 Samuel 22:23 : [1 Kgs. 2:26]
  26. 1 Samuel 23:1 : Josh. 15:44
  27. 1 Samuel 23:2 : See ch. 22:10
  28. 1 Samuel 23:4 : [See ver. 2 above]; See ch. 22:10
  29. 1 Samuel 23:4 : ver. 14; Josh. 24:11; Judg. 7:7; 20:28
  30. 1 Samuel 23:6 : ch. 22:20
  31. 1 Samuel 23:9 : ch. 30:7; [Num. 27:21]
  32. 1 Samuel 23:12 : ver. 20
  33. 1 Samuel 23:13 : ch. 25:13; 27:2; [ch. 22:2; 30:9, 10]
  34. 1 Samuel 23:13 : [2 Sam. 15:20]
  35. 1 Samuel 23:14 : See Ps. 63
  36. 1 Samuel 23:14 : Josh. 15:24
  37. 1 Samuel 23:17 : ch. 24:20; [ch. 20:31]
  38. 1 Samuel 23:18 : ch. 18:3; 20:8, 16, 42; [2 Sam. 21:7]
  39. 1 Samuel 23:19 : ch. 26:1; See Ps. 54
  40. 1 Samuel 23:19 : Num. 21:20
  41. 1 Samuel 23:20 : ver. 12
  42. 1 Samuel 23:21 : See Ruth 2:20
  43. 1 Samuel 23:21 : [ch. 22:8]
  44. 1 Samuel 23:24 : ch. 25:2; Josh. 15:55
  45. 1 Samuel 23:24 : See Deut. 1:1
  46. 1 Samuel 23:24 : [See ver. 19 above]; Num. 21:20
  47. 1 Samuel 23:29 : Josh. 15:62; 2 Chr. 20:2; Song 1:14; Ezek. 47:10
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

John 10:1-21

I Am the Good Shepherd

10 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door but climbs in by another way, that man is a thief and a robber. But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the gatekeeper opens. The sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. When he has brought out all his own, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice. (A)A stranger they will not follow, but they will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers.” This figure of speech Jesus (B)used with them, but they (C)did not understand what he was saying to them.

So Jesus again said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, (D)I am the door of the sheep. All who came before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them. I am the door. If anyone enters by me, (E)he will be saved and will go in and out and (F)find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal and (G)kill and destroy. I came that they may have life and have it abundantly. 11 (H)I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd (I)lays down his life for the sheep. 12 He who is (J)a hired hand and not a shepherd, who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and (K)leaves the sheep and flees, and the wolf snatches them and (L)scatters them. 13 He flees because (M)he is a hired hand and (N)cares nothing for the sheep. 14 (O)I am the good shepherd. (P)I know my own and (Q)my own know me, 15 (R)just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and (S)I lay down my life for the sheep. 16 And (T)I have other sheep that are not of this fold. (U)I must bring them also, and (V)they will listen to my voice. So there will be (W)one flock, (X)one shepherd. 17 (Y)For this reason the Father loves me, (Z)because (AA)I lay down my life that I may take it up again. 18 (AB)No one takes it from me, but (AC)I lay it down (AD)of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and (AE)I have authority to take it up again. (AF)This charge I have received from my Father.”

19 (AG)There was again a division among the Jews because of these words. 20 Many of them said, (AH)“He has a demon, and (AI)is insane; why listen to him?” 21 Others said, “These are not the words of one who is oppressed by a demon. (AJ)Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 115

To Your Name Give Glory

115 (A)Not to us, O Lord, not to us, but to your name give glory,
(B)for the sake of your steadfast love and your faithfulness!

Why should the nations say,
(C)“Where is their God?”
(D)Our God is in the heavens;
(E)he does all that he pleases.

(F)Their idols are silver and gold,
(G)the work of human hands.
They have mouths, (H)but do not speak;
eyes, but do not see.
They have ears, but do not hear;
noses, but do not smell.
They have hands, but do not feel;
feet, but do not walk;
and they do not make a sound in their throat.
(I)Those who make them become like them;
so do all who trust in them.

O (J)Israel,[a] (K)trust in the Lord!
He is their (L)help and their shield.
10 O (M)house of Aaron, trust in the Lord!
He is their help and (N)their shield.
11 You (O)who fear the Lord, trust in the Lord!
He is their help and their shield.

12 The Lord has remembered us; he will bless us;
he will bless (P)the house of Israel;
he will bless (Q)the house of Aaron;
13 he will (R)bless those who fear the Lord,
(S)both the small and the great.

14 May the Lord (T)give you increase,
you and your children!
15 May (U)you be blessed by the Lord,
(V)who made heaven and earth!

16 The heavens are the Lord's heavens,
but the earth he has given to the children of man.
17 (W)The dead do not praise the Lord,
nor do any who go down into (X)silence.
18 But (Y)we will bless the Lord
from this time forth and forevermore.
(Z)Praise the Lord!


  1. Psalm 115:9 Masoretic Text; many Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Syriac O house of Israel
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 15:18-19

18 (A)A hot-tempered man (B)stirs up strife,
but he who is (C)slow to anger quiets contention.
19 The way of (D)a sluggard is like a hedge of (E)thorns,
but the path of the upright is (F)a level highway.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.