The Daily Audio Bible Reading for Wednesday May 17, 2023 (NIV)

1 Samuel 20-21

Jonathan Warns David

20 Then David fled from Naioth (A)in Ramah and came and said before Jonathan, “What have I done? What is my guilt? And what is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?” And he said to him, “Far from it! You shall not die. Behold, my father does nothing either great or small without disclosing it to me. And why should my father hide this from me? It is not so.” But David vowed again, saying, “Your father knows well that (B)I have found favor in your eyes, and he thinks, ‘Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.’ But truly, (C)as the Lord lives and (D)as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death.” Then Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you say, I will do for you.” David said to Jonathan, “Behold, tomorrow is (E)the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at table with the king. But let me go, (F)that I may hide myself in the field till the third day at evening. (G)If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked leave of me to run (H)to Bethlehem his city, for there is a yearly (I)sacrifice there for all the clan.’ If he says, ‘Good!’ it will be well with your servant, but if he is angry, then know that (J)harm is determined by him. Therefore deal kindly with your servant, (K)for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the Lord with you. (L)But if there is guilt in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father?” And Jonathan said, “Far be it from you! If I knew that (M)it was determined by my father that harm should come to you, would I not tell you?” 10 Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly?” 11 And Jonathan said to David, “Come, let us go out into the field.” So they both went out into the field.

12 And Jonathan said to David, “The Lord, the God of Israel, be witness![a] When I have sounded out my father, about this time tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if he is well disposed toward David, shall I not then send and disclose it to you? 13 But should it please my father to do you harm, (N)the Lord do so to Jonathan and more also if I do not disclose it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. (O)May the Lord be with you, as he has been with my father. 14 If I am still alive, show me the steadfast love of the Lord, that I may not die; 15 (P)and do not cut off[b] your steadfast love from my house forever, when the Lord cuts off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth.” 16 And Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, (Q)“May[c] the Lord take vengeance on David's enemies.” 17 And Jonathan made David swear again by his love for him, (R)for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

18 Then Jonathan said to him, (S)“Tomorrow is the new moon, and (T)you will be missed, because (U)your seat will be empty. 19 On the third day go down quickly to the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand, and remain beside the stone heap.[d] 20 And I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I shot at a mark. 21 And behold, I will send the boy, saying, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I say to the boy, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you, take them,’ then you are to come, for, (V)as the Lord lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. 22 But if I say to the youth, (W)‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the Lord has sent you away. 23 (X)And as for the matter of which you and I have spoken, behold, (Y)the Lord is between you and me forever.”

24 So David hid himself in the field. And when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. 25 The king sat on his seat, as at other times, on the seat by the wall. Jonathan sat opposite,[e] and Abner sat by Saul's side, (Z)but David's place was empty.

26 Yet Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, “Something has happened to him. (AA)He is not clean; surely he is not clean.” 27 But on (AB)the second day, the day after the new moon, (AC)David's place was empty. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, “Why has not the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?” 28 Jonathan answered Saul, (AD)“David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem. 29 He said, ‘Let me go, for our clan holds a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. So now, if I have found favor in your eyes, let me get away and see my brothers.’ For this reason he has not come to the king's table.”

30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? 31 For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, neither you nor your kingdom shall be established. Therefore send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.” 32 Then Jonathan answered Saul his father, (AE)“Why should he be put to death? What has he done?” 33 (AF)But Saul hurled his spear at him to strike him. So Jonathan knew (AG)that his father was determined to put David to death. 34 And Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had disgraced him.

35 In the morning Jonathan went out into the field to the appointment with David, and with him a little boy. 36 And he said to his boy, “Run and find the arrows that I shoot.” As the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37 And when the boy came to the place of the arrow that Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the boy and said, (AH)“Is not the arrow beyond you?” 38 And Jonathan called after the boy, “Hurry! Be quick! Do not stay!” So Jonathan's boy gathered up the arrows and came to his master. 39 But the boy knew nothing. Only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 40 And Jonathan gave his weapons to his boy and said to him, “Go and carry them to the city.” 41 And as soon as the boy had gone, David rose from beside the stone heap[f] and fell on his face to the ground and bowed three times. And they kissed one another and wept with one another, David weeping the most. 42 Then Jonathan said to David, (AI)“Go in peace, because we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, (AJ)‘The Lord shall be between me and you, (AK)and between my offspring and your offspring, forever.’” And he rose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city.[g]

David and the Holy Bread

21 [h] Then David came to (AL)Nob, to (AM)Ahimelech the priest. And Ahimelech (AN)came to meet David, trembling, and said to him, “Why are you alone, and no one with you?” And David said to Ahimelech the priest, “The king has charged me with a matter and said to me, ‘Let no one know anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you.’ I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place. Now then, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is here.” And the priest answered David, “I have no common bread on hand, but there is (AO)holy bread—(AP)if the young men have kept themselves from women.” And David answered the priest, “Truly women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition. The vessels of the young men are holy even when it is an ordinary journey. How much more today will their vessels be holy?” So the priest gave him (AQ)the holy bread, for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, (AR)which is removed from before the Lord, to be replaced by hot bread on the day it is taken away.

Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the Lord. His name was (AS)Doeg the Edomite, the chief of Saul's herdsmen.

Then David said to Ahimelech, “Then have you not here a spear or a sword at hand? For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.” And the priest said, (AT)“The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you struck down in (AU)the Valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod. If you will take that, take it, for there is none but that here.” And David said, “There is none like that; give it to me.”

David Flees to Gath

10 And David rose and fled that day from Saul and went to (AV)Achish the king of Gath. 11 And the servants of Achish said to him, “Is not this David the king of the land? (AW)Did they not sing to one another of him in dances,

‘Saul has struck down his thousands,
and David his ten thousands’?”

12 And David (AX)took these words to heart and was much afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 13 So he changed his behavior before them and pretended to be insane in their hands and made marks on the doors of the gate and let his spittle run down his beard. 14 Then Achish said to his servants, “Behold, you see the man is mad. Why then have you brought him to me? 15 Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this fellow to behave as a madman in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house?”


  1. 1 Samuel 20:12 Hebrew lacks be witness
  2. 1 Samuel 20:15 Or but if I die, do not cut off
  3. 1 Samuel 20:16 Septuagint earth, 16let not the name of Jonathan be cut off from the house of David. And may
  4. 1 Samuel 20:19 Septuagint; Hebrew the stone Ezel
  5. 1 Samuel 20:25 Compare Septuagint; Hebrew stood up
  6. 1 Samuel 20:41 Septuagint; Hebrew from beside the south
  7. 1 Samuel 20:42 This sentence is 21:1 in Hebrew
  8. 1 Samuel 21:1 Ch 21:2 in Hebrew

Cross references:

  1. 1 Samuel 20:1 : ch. 1:19
  2. 1 Samuel 20:3 : See Gen. 33:15
  3. 1 Samuel 20:3 : ch. 25:26; 2 Kgs. 2:2, 4, 6; 4:30; See Ruth 3:13
  4. 1 Samuel 20:3 : ch. 1:26
  5. 1 Samuel 20:5 : ver. 18; Num. 10:10; 28:11
  6. 1 Samuel 20:5 : ch. 19:2, 3
  7. 1 Samuel 20:6 : ver. 18
  8. 1 Samuel 20:6 : ch. 16:4
  9. 1 Samuel 20:6 : [ch. 9:12]
  10. 1 Samuel 20:7 : ch. 25:17; Esth. 7:7; [ver. 33]
  11. 1 Samuel 20:8 : ver. 16, 42; ch. 18:3; 23:18; [2 Sam. 21:7]
  12. 1 Samuel 20:8 : 2 Sam. 14:32
  13. 1 Samuel 20:9 : [See ver. 7 above]; ch. 25:17; Esth. 7:7; [ver. 33]
  14. 1 Samuel 20:13 : [Ruth 1:17]
  15. 1 Samuel 20:13 : Josh. 1:5, 17; 1 Kgs. 1:37; 1 Chr. 22:11, 16; [ch. 17:37]
  16. 1 Samuel 20:15 : 2 Sam. 9:1, 3, 7; 21:7
  17. 1 Samuel 20:16 : [ch. 25:22; Josh. 22:23]
  18. 1 Samuel 20:17 : ch. 18:1, 3
  19. 1 Samuel 20:18 : ver. 5
  20. 1 Samuel 20:18 : ver. 6
  21. 1 Samuel 20:18 : ver. 25, 27
  22. 1 Samuel 20:21 : ver. 3; See Ruth 3:13
  23. 1 Samuel 20:22 : ver. 37
  24. 1 Samuel 20:23 : ver. 14, 15
  25. 1 Samuel 20:23 : ver. 42
  26. 1 Samuel 20:25 : ver. 18
  27. 1 Samuel 20:26 : Lev. 7:21; See Lev. 11:24-28; 15:1-4
  28. 1 Samuel 20:27 : [ver. 34]
  29. 1 Samuel 20:27 : [See ver. 25 above]; ver. 18
  30. 1 Samuel 20:28 : ver. 6
  31. 1 Samuel 20:32 : ch. 19:5
  32. 1 Samuel 20:33 : ch. 18:11; 19:10
  33. 1 Samuel 20:33 : ver. 7
  34. 1 Samuel 20:37 : ver. 22
  35. 1 Samuel 20:42 : ver. 13; ch. 1:17
  36. 1 Samuel 20:42 : ver. 23
  37. 1 Samuel 20:42 : ver. 15
  38. 1 Samuel 21:1 : ch. 22:9, 11, 19; Neh. 11:32; Isa. 10:32
  39. 1 Samuel 21:1 : [ch. 14:3; Mark 2:26]
  40. 1 Samuel 21:1 : [ch. 16:4]
  41. 1 Samuel 21:4 : Ex. 25:30; Lev. 24:5; Matt. 12:3, 4; Mark 2:25, 26; Luke 6:3, 4
  42. 1 Samuel 21:4 : Ex. 19:15
  43. 1 Samuel 21:6 : [See ver. 4 above]; Ex. 25:30; Lev. 24:5; Matt. 12:3, 4; Mark 2:25, 26; Luke 6:3, 4
  44. 1 Samuel 21:6 : Lev. 24:8, 9
  45. 1 Samuel 21:7 : ch. 22:9; See Ps. 52
  46. 1 Samuel 21:9 : ch. 17:51
  47. 1 Samuel 21:9 : ch. 17:2
  48. 1 Samuel 21:10 : See Ps. 34
  49. 1 Samuel 21:11 : ch. 18:7; 29:5
  50. 1 Samuel 21:12 : [Luke 2:19]
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

John 9

Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind

As he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth. And his disciples asked him, (A)“Rabbi, (B)who sinned, (C)this man or (D)his parents, that he was born blind?” Jesus answered, “It was not that this man sinned, or his parents, but (E)that the works of God might be displayed in him. We must (F)work the works of him who sent me (G)while it is day; night is coming, when no one can work. As long as I am in the world, (H)I am the light of the world.” Having said these things, (I)he spit on the ground and made mud with the saliva. (J)Then he anointed the man's eyes with the mud and said to him, “Go, wash in (K)the pool of Siloam” (which means Sent). So he went and washed and (L)came back seeing.

The neighbors and those who had seen him before as a beggar were saying, (M)“Is this not the man who used to sit and beg?” Some said, “It is he.” Others said, “No, but he is like him.” He kept saying, “I am the man.” 10 So they said to him, “Then how were your eyes opened?” 11 He answered, (N)“The man called Jesus made mud and anointed my eyes and said to me, ‘Go to Siloam and wash.’ So I went and washed and received my sight.” 12 They said to him, “Where is he?” He said, “I do not know.”

13 They brought to the Pharisees the man who had formerly been blind. 14 (O)Now it was a Sabbath day when Jesus made the mud and opened his eyes. 15 (P)So the Pharisees again asked him how he had received his sight. And he said to them, “He put mud on my eyes, and I washed, and I see.” 16 Some of the Pharisees said, “This man is not (Q)from God, (R)for he does not keep the Sabbath.” But others said, (S)“How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?” And (T)there was a division among them. 17 So they said again to the blind man, “What do you say about him, since he has opened your eyes?” He said, (U)“He is a prophet.”

18 (V)The Jews[a] did not believe that he had been blind and had received his sight, until they called the parents of the man who had received his sight 19 and asked them, “Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How then does he now see?” 20 His parents answered, “We know that this is our son and that he was born blind. 21 But how he now sees we do not know, nor do we know who opened his eyes. Ask him; he is of age. He will speak for himself.” 22 (His parents said these things (W)because they feared the Jews, for (X)the Jews had already agreed that if anyone should (Y)confess Jesus[b] to be Christ, (Z)he was to be put out of the synagogue.) 23 Therefore his parents said, (AA)“He is of age; ask him.”

24 So for the second time they called the man who had been blind and said to him, (AB)“Give glory to God. We know that (AC)this man is a sinner.” 25 He answered, “Whether he is a sinner I do not know. One thing I do know, that though I (AD)was blind, now I see.” 26 They said to him, “What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?” 27 He answered them, (AE)“I have told you already, and you would not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you also want to become his disciples?” 28 And they reviled him, saying, “You are his disciple, but (AF)we are disciples of Moses. 29 We know that God has spoken to Moses, but as for this man, (AG)we do not know where he comes from.” 30 The man answered, “Why, this is (AH)an amazing thing! (AI)You do not know where he comes from, and yet he opened my eyes. 31 We know that (AJ)God does not listen to sinners, but (AK)if anyone is a worshiper of God and does his will, God listens to him. 32 Never since the world began has it been heard that anyone opened the eyes of a man born blind. 33 (AL)If this man were not from God, he could do nothing.” 34 They answered him, (AM)“You were born in utter sin, and would you teach us?” And they (AN)cast him out.

35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out, and having found him he said, “Do you believe in (AO)the Son of Man?”[c] 36 He answered, (AP)“And who is he, sir, that I may believe in him?” 37 Jesus said to him, “You have seen him, and (AQ)it is he who is speaking to you.” 38 He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him. 39 Jesus said, (AR)“For judgment I came into this world, (AS)that those who do not see may see, and (AT)those who see may become blind.” 40 Some of the Pharisees near him heard these things, and said to him, (AU)“Are we also blind?” 41 Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, (AV)you would have no guilt;[d] but now that you say, ‘We see,’ your guilt remains.


  1. John 9:18 Greek Ioudaioi probably refers here to Jewish religious leaders, and others under their influence, in that time; also verse 22
  2. John 9:22 Greek him
  3. John 9:35 Some manuscripts the Son of God
  4. John 9:41 Greek you would not have sin
English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Psalm 113-114

Who Is like the Lord Our God?

113 (A)Praise the Lord!
(B)Praise, O (C)servants of the Lord,
praise the name of the Lord!

(D)Blessed be the name of the Lord
from this time forth and forevermore!
(E)From the rising of the sun to its setting,
(F)the name of the Lord is (G)to be praised!

The Lord is (H)high above all nations,
and his (I)glory above the heavens!
(J)Who is like the Lord our God,
who is seated on high,
who (K)looks far down
on the heavens and the earth?
He (L)raises the poor from the dust
and lifts the needy from the ash heap,
to make them (M)sit with princes,
with the princes of his people.
He (N)gives the barren woman a home,
making her the joyous mother of children.
(O)Praise the Lord!

Tremble at the Presence of the Lord

114 When (P)Israel went out from Egypt,
the house of Jacob from (Q)a people of strange language,
Judah became his (R)sanctuary,
Israel his dominion.

(S)The sea looked and fled;
(T)Jordan turned back.
(U)The mountains skipped like rams,
the hills like lambs.

What (V)ails you, O sea, that you flee?
O Jordan, that you turn back?
O mountains, that you skip like rams?
O hills, like lambs?

(W)Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord,
at the presence of the God of Jacob,
who turns (X)the rock into (Y)a pool of water,
(Z)the flint into a spring of water.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

Proverbs 15:15-17

15 All the days of the afflicted are evil,
but (A)the cheerful of heart has a continual feast.
16 (B)Better is a little with the fear of the Lord
than great treasure and trouble with it.
17 (C)Better is a dinner of herbs where love is
than (D)a fattened ox and hatred with it.

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.