1 Samuel 17:1-18:4
David and Goliath
17 Now the Philistines gathered their forces for war and assembled(A) at Sokoh in Judah. They pitched camp at Ephes Dammim, between Sokoh(B) and Azekah.(C) 2 Saul and the Israelites assembled and camped in the Valley of Elah(D) and drew up their battle line to meet the Philistines. 3 The Philistines occupied one hill and the Israelites another, with the valley between them.
4 A champion named Goliath,(E) who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. His height was six cubits and a span.[a] 5 He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze weighing five thousand shekels[b]; 6 on his legs he wore bronze greaves, and a bronze javelin(F) was slung on his back. 7 His spear shaft was like a weaver’s rod,(G) and its iron point weighed six hundred shekels.[c] His shield bearer(H) went ahead of him.
8 Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, “Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose(I) a man and have him come down to me. 9 If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us.” 10 Then the Philistine said, “This day I defy(J) the armies of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other.(K)” 11 On hearing the Philistine’s words, Saul and all the Israelites were dismayed and terrified.
12 Now David was the son of an Ephrathite(L) named Jesse,(M) who was from Bethlehem(N) in Judah. Jesse had eight(O) sons, and in Saul’s time he was very old. 13 Jesse’s three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war: The firstborn was Eliab;(P) the second, Abinadab;(Q) and the third, Shammah.(R) 14 David was the youngest. The three oldest followed Saul, 15 but David went back and forth from Saul to tend(S) his father’s sheep(T) at Bethlehem.
16 For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening and took his stand.
17 Now Jesse said to his son David, “Take this ephah[d](U) of roasted grain(V) and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp. 18 Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their unit. See how your brothers(W) are and bring back some assurance[e] from them. 19 They are with Saul and all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines.”
20 Early in the morning David left the flock in the care of a shepherd, loaded up and set out, as Jesse had directed. He reached the camp as the army was going out to its battle positions, shouting the war cry. 21 Israel and the Philistines were drawing up their lines facing each other. 22 David left his things with the keeper of supplies,(X) ran to the battle lines and asked his brothers how they were. 23 As he was talking with them, Goliath, the Philistine champion from Gath, stepped out from his lines and shouted his usual(Y) defiance, and David heard it. 24 Whenever the Israelites saw the man, they all fled from him in great fear.
25 Now the Israelites had been saying, “Do you see how this man keeps coming out? He comes out to defy Israel. The king will give great wealth to the man who kills him. He will also give him his daughter(Z) in marriage and will exempt his family from taxes(AA) in Israel.”
26 David asked the men standing near him, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and removes this disgrace(AB) from Israel? Who is this uncircumcised(AC) Philistine that he should defy(AD) the armies of the living(AE) God?”
27 They repeated to him what they had been saying and told him, “This is what will be done for the man who kills him.”
28 When Eliab, David’s oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men, he burned with anger(AF) at him and asked, “Why have you come down here? And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the wilderness? I know how conceited you are and how wicked your heart is; you came down only to watch the battle.”
29 “Now what have I done?” said David. “Can’t I even speak?” 30 He then turned away to someone else and brought up the same matter, and the men answered him as before. 31 What David said was overheard and reported to Saul, and Saul sent for him.
32 David said to Saul, “Let no one lose heart(AG) on account of this Philistine; your servant will go and fight him.”
33 Saul replied,(AH) “You are not able to go out against this Philistine and fight him; you are only a young man, and he has been a warrior from his youth.”
34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant has been keeping his father’s sheep. When a lion(AI) or a bear came and carried off a sheep from the flock, 35 I went after it, struck it and rescued the sheep from its mouth. When it turned on me, I seized(AJ) it by its hair, struck it and killed it. 36 Your servant has killed both the lion(AK) and the bear; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, because he has defied the armies of the living God. 37 The Lord who rescued(AL) me from the paw of the lion(AM) and the paw of the bear will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine.”
Saul said to David, “Go, and the Lord be with(AN) you.”
38 Then Saul dressed David in his own(AO) tunic. He put a coat of armor on him and a bronze helmet on his head. 39 David fastened on his sword over the tunic and tried walking around, because he was not used to them.
“I cannot go in these,” he said to Saul, “because I am not used to them.” So he took them off. 40 Then he took his staff in his hand, chose five smooth stones from the stream, put them in the pouch of his shepherd’s bag and, with his sling in his hand, approached the Philistine.
41 Meanwhile, the Philistine, with his shield bearer(AP) in front of him, kept coming closer to David. 42 He looked David over and saw that he was little more than a boy, glowing with health and handsome,(AQ) and he despised(AR) him. 43 He said to David, “Am I a dog,(AS) that you come at me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44 “Come here,” he said, “and I’ll give your flesh to the birds(AT) and the wild animals!(AU)”
45 David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin,(AV) but I come against you in the name(AW) of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.(AX) 46 This day the Lord will deliver(AY) you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will give the carcasses(AZ) of the Philistine army to the birds and the wild animals, and the whole world(BA) will know that there is a God in Israel.(BB) 47 All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword(BC) or spear that the Lord saves;(BD) for the battle(BE) is the Lord’s, and he will give all of you into our hands.”
48 As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him. 49 Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground.
50 So David triumphed over the Philistine with a sling(BF) and a stone; without a sword in his hand he struck down the Philistine and killed him.
When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran. 52 Then the men of Israel and Judah surged forward with a shout and pursued the Philistines to the entrance of Gath[f] and to the gates of Ekron.(BI) Their dead were strewn along the Shaaraim(BJ) road to Gath and Ekron. 53 When the Israelites returned from chasing the Philistines, they plundered their camp.
54 David took the Philistine’s head and brought it to Jerusalem; he put the Philistine’s weapons in his own tent.
Abner replied, “As surely as you live, Your Majesty, I don’t know.”
56 The king said, “Find out whose son this young man is.”
57 As soon as David returned from killing the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul, with David still holding the Philistine’s head.
58 “Whose son are you, young man?” Saul asked him.
David said, “I am the son of your servant Jesse(BM) of Bethlehem.”
Saul’s Growing Fear of David
18 After David had finished talking with Saul, Jonathan(BN) became one in spirit with David, and he loved(BO) him as himself.(BP) 2 From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return home to his family. 3 And Jonathan made a covenant(BQ) with David because he loved him as himself. 4 Jonathan took off the robe(BR) he was wearing and gave it to David, along with his tunic, and even his sword, his bow and his belt.(BS)
- 1 Samuel 17:4 That is, about 9 feet 9 inches or about 3 meters
- 1 Samuel 17:5 That is, about 125 pounds or about 58 kilograms
- 1 Samuel 17:7 That is, about 15 pounds or about 6.9 kilograms
- 1 Samuel 17:17 That is, probably about 36 pounds or about 16 kilograms
- 1 Samuel 17:18 Or some token; or some pledge of spoils
- 1 Samuel 17:52 Some Septuagint manuscripts; Hebrew of a valley
- 1 Samuel 17:1 : 1Sa 13:5
- 1 Samuel 17:1 : Jos 15:35; 2Ch 28:18
- 1 Samuel 17:1 : S Jos 10:10, 11
- 1 Samuel 17:2 : 1Sa 21:9
- 1 Samuel 17:4 : 1Sa 21:9; 2Sa 21:19
- 1 Samuel 17:6 : ver 45; 1Sa 18:10
- 1 Samuel 17:7 : 2Sa 21:19; 1Ch 11:23; 20:5
- 1 Samuel 17:7 : ver 41
- 1 Samuel 17:8 : 2Sa 2:12-17
- 1 Samuel 17:10 : ver 26, 45; 2Sa 21:21
- 1 Samuel 17:10 : ver 23
- 1 Samuel 17:12 : S Ge 35:16; S 48:7; Ps 132:6
- 1 Samuel 17:12 : S Ru 4:17
- 1 Samuel 17:12 : S Ge 35:19
- 1 Samuel 17:12 : 1Sa 16:11
- 1 Samuel 17:13 : S 1Sa 16:6
- 1 Samuel 17:13 : 1Sa 16:8
- 1 Samuel 17:13 : S 1Sa 16:9
- 1 Samuel 17:15 : S Ge 37:2
- 1 Samuel 17:15 : 1Sa 16:19
- 1 Samuel 17:17 : S Lev 19:36
- 1 Samuel 17:17 : S Lev 23:14; 1Sa 25:18
- 1 Samuel 17:18 : Ge 37:14
- 1 Samuel 17:22 : S Jos 1:11
- 1 Samuel 17:23 : ver 8-10
- 1 Samuel 17:25 : 1Sa 18:17
- 1 Samuel 17:25 : S 1Sa 8:15
- 1 Samuel 17:26 : 1Sa 11:2
- 1 Samuel 17:26 : S 1Sa 14:6
- 1 Samuel 17:26 : S ver 10
- 1 Samuel 17:26 : Dt 5:26; S Jos 3:10; 2Ki 18:35
- 1 Samuel 17:28 : S Ge 27:41; Pr 18:19
- 1 Samuel 17:32 : S Dt 20:3; Ps 18:45; Isa 7:4; Jer 4:9; 38:4; Da 11:30
- 1 Samuel 17:33 : Nu 13:31
- 1 Samuel 17:34 : Job 10:16; Isa 31:4; Jer 49:19; Hos 13:8; Am 3:12
- 1 Samuel 17:35 : Jdg 14:6
- 1 Samuel 17:36 : 1Ch 11:22
- 1 Samuel 17:37 : 2Co 1:10
- 1 Samuel 17:37 : 2Ti 4:17
- 1 Samuel 17:37 : S 1Sa 16:18; S 18:12
- 1 Samuel 17:38 : S Ge 41:42
- 1 Samuel 17:41 : ver 7
- 1 Samuel 17:42 : 1Sa 16:12
- 1 Samuel 17:42 : Ps 123:3-4; Pr 16:18
- 1 Samuel 17:43 : 1Sa 24:14; 2Sa 3:8; 9:8; 2Ki 8:13
- 1 Samuel 17:44 : S Ge 40:19; Rev 19:17
- 1 Samuel 17:44 : 2Sa 21:10; Jer 34:20
- 1 Samuel 17:45 : S ver 6
- 1 Samuel 17:45 : Dt 20:1; 2Ch 13:12; 14:11; 32:8; Ps 20:7-8; 124:8; Heb 11:32-34
- 1 Samuel 17:45 : S ver 10
- 1 Samuel 17:46 : S 1Sa 14:12
- 1 Samuel 17:46 : S Dt 28:26
- 1 Samuel 17:46 : S Jos 4:24; S Isa 11:9
- 1 Samuel 17:46 : 1Ki 18:36; 2Ki 5:8; 19:19; Isa 37:20
- 1 Samuel 17:47 : Hos 1:7
- 1 Samuel 17:47 : 1Sa 14:6; 2Ch 14:11; Jer 39:18
- 1 Samuel 17:47 : S Ex 14:14; S Nu 21:14; S 1Sa 2:9; 2Ch 20:15; Ps 44:6-7
- 1 Samuel 17:50 : 1Sa 25:29
- 1 Samuel 17:51 : Heb 11:34
- 1 Samuel 17:51 : 1Sa 21:9; 22:10
- 1 Samuel 17:52 : Jos 15:11
- 1 Samuel 17:52 : S Jos 15:36
- 1 Samuel 17:55 : 1Sa 16:21
- 1 Samuel 17:55 : 1Sa 26:5
- 1 Samuel 17:58 : S Ru 4:17
- 1 Samuel 18:1 : 1Sa 19:1; 20:16; 31:2; 2Sa 4:4
- 1 Samuel 18:1 : 2Sa 1:26
- 1 Samuel 18:1 : S Ge 44:30
- 1 Samuel 18:3 : 1Sa 20:8, 16, 17, 42; 22:8; 23:18; 24:21; 2Sa 21:7
- 1 Samuel 18:4 : S Ge 41:42
- 1 Samuel 18:4 : 2Sa 18:11
Dispute Over Who Jesus Is
22 This made the Jews ask, “Will he kill himself? Is that why he says, ‘Where I go, you cannot come’?”
23 But he continued, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world.(C) 24 I told you that you would die in your sins; if you do not believe that I am he,(D) you will indeed die in your sins.”
25 “Who are you?” they asked.
“Just what I have been telling you from the beginning,” Jesus replied. 26 “I have much to say in judgment of you. But he who sent me is trustworthy,(E) and what I have heard from him I tell the world.”(F)
27 They did not understand that he was telling them about his Father. 28 So Jesus said, “When you have lifted up[a] the Son of Man,(G) then you will know that I am he and that I do nothing on my own but speak just what the Father has taught me.(H) 29 The one who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone,(I) for I always do what pleases him.”(J) 30 Even as he spoke, many believed in him.(K)
- John 8:28 The Greek for lifted up also means exalted.
1 Praise the Lord.[b]
2 Great are the works(E) of the Lord;
they are pondered by all(F) who delight in them.
3 Glorious and majestic are his deeds,
and his righteousness endures(G) forever.
4 He has caused his wonders to be remembered;
the Lord is gracious and compassionate.(H)
5 He provides food(I) for those who fear him;(J)
he remembers his covenant(K) forever.
6 He has shown his people the power of his works,(L)
giving them the lands of other nations.(M)
7 The works of his hands(N) are faithful and just;
all his precepts are trustworthy.(O)
8 They are established for ever(P) and ever,
enacted in faithfulness and uprightness.
9 He provided redemption(Q) for his people;
he ordained his covenant forever—
holy and awesome(R) is his name.
- Psalm 111:1 : Ps 34:1; 109:30; 115:18; 145:10
- Psalm 111:1 : S Ps 9:1
- Psalm 111:1 : Ps 89:7
- Psalm 111:1 : S Ps 1:5
- Psalm 111:2 : S Job 36:24; Ps 143:5; Rev 15:3
- Psalm 111:2 : Ps 64:9
- Psalm 111:3 : Ps 112:3, 9; 119:142
- Psalm 111:4 : S Dt 4:31; S Ps 86:15
- Psalm 111:5 : S Ge 1:30; S Ps 37:25; Mt 6:26, 31-33
- Psalm 111:5 : Ps 103:11
- Psalm 111:5 : S 1Ch 16:15; S Ps 105:8
- Psalm 111:6 : Ps 64:9; S 66:3, 5
- Psalm 111:6 : S Ps 105:44
- Psalm 111:7 : S Ps 92:4
- Psalm 111:7 : Ps 19:7; 119:128
- Psalm 111:8 : Ps 119:89, 152, 160; Isa 40:8; S Mt 5:18
- Psalm 111:9 : Ps 34:22; S 103:4; 130:7; Lk 1:68
- Psalm 111:9 : Ps 30:4; 99:3; Lk 1:49
- Psalm 111:10 : S Job 23:15; S Ps 19:9
- Psalm 111:10 : Dt 4:6
- Psalm 111:10 : S Dt 4:6; Ps 119:98, 104, 130
- Psalm 111:10 : Ps 28:6; 89:52