The Sinking of Tyre
27 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 “Now, son of man, lament for Tyre.(A) 3 Say to Tyre, who is located at the entrance of the sea, merchant of the peoples(B) to many coasts and islands, ‘This is what the Lord God says:
Tyre, you declared,
“I am perfect in beauty.”
4 Your realm was in the heart of the sea;
your builders perfected your beauty.
5 They constructed all your planking
with pine trees from Senir.(C)
They took a cedar from Lebanon
to make a mast for you.
6 They made your oars of oaks from Bashan.
They made your deck of cypress wood
from the coasts of Cyprus,(D)
inlaid with ivory.
7 Your sail was made of
fine embroidered linen from Egypt,
and served as your banner.
Your awning was of blue and purple fabric
from the coasts of Elishah.
8 The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad(E)
were your rowers.
Your wise men were within you, Tyre;
they were your captains.
9 The elders of Gebal and its wise men(F)
were within you, repairing your leaks.
“‘All the ships of the sea and their sailors
came to you to barter for your goods.
10 Men of Persia, Lud, and Put(G)
were in your army, serving as your warriors.
They hung shields and helmets in you;
they gave you splendor.
11 Men of Arvad and Helech
were stationed on your walls all around,
and Gammadites were in your towers.
They hung their shields[a] all around your walls;
they perfected your beauty.
12 “‘Tarshish(H) was your trading partner because of your abundant wealth of every kind. They exchanged silver, iron, tin, and lead for your merchandise. 13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech(I) were your merchants. They exchanged slaves[b] and bronze utensils for your goods. 14 Those from Beth-togarmah(J) exchanged horses, war horses, and mules for your merchandise. 15 Men of Dedan[c](K) were also your merchants; many coasts and islands were your regular markets. They brought back ivory tusks(L) and ebony as your payment. 16 Aram[d] was your trading partner because of your numerous products. They exchanged turquoise,[e] purple and embroidered cloth, fine linen, coral,[f] and rubies[g] for your merchandise. 17 Judah and the land of Israel were your merchants. They exchanged wheat from Minnith,(M) meal,[h] honey, oil, and balm, for your goods. 18 Damascus was also your trading partner because of your numerous products and your abundant wealth of every kind, trading in wine from Helbon and white wool.[i] 19 Vedan[j] and Javan from Uzal[k](N) dealt in your merchandise; wrought iron, cassia,(O) and aromatic cane were exchanged for your goods. 20 Dedan(P) was your merchant in saddlecloths for riding. 21 Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your business partners, trading with you in lambs, rams, and goats. 22 The merchants of Sheba(Q) and Raamah traded with you. For your merchandise they exchanged the best of all spices and all kinds of precious stones as well as gold.(R) 23 Haran, Canneh, Eden,(S) the merchants of Sheba, Asshur,(T) and Chilmad traded with you. 24 They were your merchants in choice garments, cloaks of blue and embroidered materials, and multicolored carpets,[l] which were bound and secured with cords in your marketplace. 25 Ships of Tarshish(U) were the carriers for your goods.
“‘So you became full and heavily loaded[m]
in the heart of the sea.
26 Your rowers have brought you
onto the high seas,(V)
but the east wind has wrecked you
in the heart of the sea.
27 Your wealth, merchandise, and goods,
your sailors and captains,
those who repair your leaks,
those who barter for your goods,
and all the warriors on board,
with all the other people within you,
sink into the heart of the sea
on the day of your downfall.
28 “‘The countryside shakes
at the sound of your sailors’ cries.(W)
29 All the oarsmen
disembark from their ships.
The sailors and all the captains of the sea
stand on the shore.
30 Because of you, they raise their voices
and cry out bitterly.
They throw dust on their heads;(X)
they roll in ashes.
31 They shave their heads because of you
and wrap themselves in sackcloth.
They weep over you
with deep anguish and bitter mourning.
32 “‘In their wailing they lament for you,(Y)
mourning over you:
“Who was like Tyre,
silenced[n] in the middle of the sea?
33 When your merchandise was unloaded from the seas,
you satisfied many peoples.
You enriched the kings of the earth
with your abundant wealth and goods.
34 Now you are wrecked by the sea
in the depths of the waters;
your goods and the people within you
have gone down.
35 All the inhabitants of the coasts and islands
are appalled(Z) at you.
Their kings shudder with fear;
their faces are contorted.
36 Those who trade among the peoples
scoff[o](AA) at you;
you have become an object of horror
and will never exist again.”’” (AB)
The Fall of Tyre’s Ruler
28 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 “Son of man, say to the ruler of Tyre, ‘This is what the Lord God says: Your[p] heart is proud, and you have said, “I am a god;(AC) I sit in the seat of gods in the heart of the sea.” Yet you are a man and not a god, though you have regarded your heart as that of a god. 3 Yes, you are wiser than Daniel;(AD) no secret is hidden from you! 4 By your wisdom and understanding you have acquired wealth for yourself. You have acquired gold and silver for your treasuries.(AE) 5 By your great skill in trading you have increased your wealth, but your heart has become proud because of your wealth.
6 “‘Therefore, this is what the Lord God says:
Because you regard your heart as that of a god,
7 I am about to bring strangers against you,
ruthless men from the nations.
They will draw their swords
against your magnificent wisdom
and will pierce your splendor.(AF)
8 They will bring you down to the Pit,(AG)
and you will die a violent death
in the heart of the sea.
9 Will you still say, “I am a god,”
in the presence of those who slay[q] you?
Yet you will be only a man, not a god,
in the hands of those who kill you.
10 You will die the death of the uncircumcised(AH)
at the hands of strangers.(AI)
For I have spoken.
This is the declaration of the Lord God.’”
A Lament for Tyre’s King
11 The word of the Lord came to me: 12 “Son of man, lament(AJ) for the king of Tyre and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord God says:
You were the seal[r] of perfection,[s]
full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.(AK)
13 You were in Eden,(AL) the garden of God.
Every kind of precious stone covered you:
carnelian, topaz, and diamond,[t]
beryl, onyx, and jasper,
lapis lazuli, turquoise[u] and emerald.[v]
Your mountings and settings were crafted in gold;(AM)
they were prepared on the day you were created.
14 You were an anointed guardian cherub,(AN)
for[w] I had appointed you.
You were on the holy mountain of God;
you walked among the fiery stones.
15 From the day you were created
you were blameless in your ways
until wickedness was found in you.
16 Through the abundance of your trade,
you were filled with violence, and you sinned.
So I expelled you in disgrace
from the mountain of God,
and banished you, guardian cherub,[x]
from among the fiery stones.
17 Your heart became proud because of your beauty;(AO)
For the sake of your splendor
you corrupted your wisdom.
So I threw you down to the ground;[y]
I made you a spectacle before kings.
18 You profaned your sanctuaries
by the magnitude of your iniquities
in your dishonest trade.
So I made fire come from within you,
and it consumed you.(AP)
I reduced you to ashes on the ground
in the sight of everyone watching you.
19 All those who know you among the peoples
are appalled at you.
You have become an object of horror
and will never exist again.’”(AQ)
A Prophecy against Sidon
20 The word of the Lord came to me: 21 “Son of man, face Sidon(AR) and prophesy against it. 22 You are to say, ‘This is what the Lord God says:
Look! I am against you, Sidon,(AS)
and I will display my glory within you.
They will know that I am the Lord
when I execute judgments against her(AT)
and demonstrate my holiness through her.
23 I will send a plague against her(AU)
and bloodshed in her streets;
the slain will fall within her,
while the sword is against her[z] on every side.
Then they will know that I am the Lord.
25 “‘This is what the Lord God says: When I gather the house of Israel(AW) from the peoples where they are scattered, I will demonstrate my holiness through them in the sight of the nations, and they will live in their own land, which I gave to my servant Jacob. 26 They will live there securely,(AX) build houses, and plant vineyards.(AY) They will live securely when I execute judgments(AZ) against all their neighbors who treat them with contempt. Then they will know that I am the Lord their God.’”
- 27:11 Or quivers; Hb obscure
- 27:13 Lit souls of men
- 27:15 LXX reads Rhodes
- 27:16 Some Hb mss, Aq, Syr read Edom
- 27:16 Hb obscure
- 27:16 Hb obscure
- 27:16 Hb obscure
- 27:17 Or resin; Hb obscure
- 27:18 Or and wool from Zahar
- 27:19 Or Dan
- 27:19 Hb obscure
- 27:24 Hb obscure
- 27:25 Or and very glorious
- 27:32 Hb obscure
- 27:36 Lit hiss
- 28:2 Lit Because your
- 28:9 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read of the one who kills
- 28:12 Or sealer
- 28:12 Hb obscure
- 28:13 Hb obscure
- 28:13 Or malachite, or garnet
- 28:13 Or beryl
- 28:14 Or With an anointed guardian cherub
- 28:16 Or and the guardian cherub banished you
- 28:17 Or earth
- 28:23 Or within her by the sword
- 28:24 Lit longer have
- 27:2 : Ezk 28:12; 32:2
- 27:3 : Is 23:2
- 27:5 : Dt 3:9
- 27:6-7 : Gn 10:4; 1Ch 1:7
- 27:8 : Gn 10:18
- 27:9 : 1Kg 5:18
- 27:10 : Ezk 30:5; 38:5
- 27:12 : Gn 10:4; Ezk 38:13
- 27:13 : Gn 10:2; Ezk 38:2; 39:1
- 27:14 : Gn 10:3; Ezk 38:6
- 27:15 : Ezk 38:13
- 27:15 : 1Kg 10:22
- 27:17 : Jdg 11:33
- 27:19 : Gn 10:27
- 27:19 : Ex 30:24
- 27:20 : Ezk 38:13
- 27:22 : Gn 10:7; Ezk 38:13
- 27:22 : 1Kg 10:1-2; Rv 18:12
- 27:23 : 2Kg 19:12; Is 37:12
- 27:23 : Gn 25:3
- 27:25 : 1Kg 10:22; 22:48; Is 2:16
- 27:26 : Ezk 26:19
- 27:28 : Ezk 26:10,15
- 27:30 : Rv 18:17-19
- 27:32 : Ezk 26:17
- 27:35 : Ezk 26:15-16
- 27:36 : 1Kg 9:8; Jr 19:8; Zph 2:15
- 27:36 : Ezk 26:21; 28:19
- 28:2 : Is 14:14; Ac 12:22-23; 2Th 2:4
- 28:3 : Dn 1:20; 2:20-23,28; 5:11-12
- 28:4 : Ezk 27:33; Zch 9:2-3
- 28:7 : Ezk 30:11; 31:12; 32:12
- 28:8 : Ezk 26:20
- 28:10 : Ezk 31:18; 32:30
- 28:10 : Ezk 30:12
- 28:12 : Ezk 27:2
- 28:12 : Ezk 27:3
- 28:13 : Gn 2:8; Ezk 31:9,16,18; 36:35
- 28:13 : Ex 39:10-13
- 28:14 : Ex 25:18-22
- 28:17 : Ezk 28:2
- 28:18 : Ezk 19:14
- 28:19 : Ezk 26:21; 27:36
- 28:21 : Gn 10:19; Is 23:2; Jl 3:4
- 28:22 : Ezk 26:3; Zch 9:2; Mt 11:22
- 28:22 : Ezk 30:19
- 28:23 : Ezk 38:22
- 28:24 : Nm 33:55
- 28:25 : Ps 106:47; Ezk 20:41; 34:13
- 28:26 : Jr 23:6; Ezk 34:25,28; 38:8
- 28:26 : Jr 32:15; Ezk 11:3
- 28:26 : Ezk 25:11
17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac.(A) He received the promises and yet he was offering his one and only son, 18 the one to whom it had been said, Your offspring[a]will be traced through Isaac.[b](B) 19 He considered God to be able even to raise someone from the dead;(C) therefore, he received him back, figuratively speaking.[c]
20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau(D) concerning things to come. 21 By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and he worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff.[d](E) 22 By faith Joseph, as he was nearing the end of his life, mentioned[e] the exodus of the Israelites and gave instructions concerning his bones.(F)
23 By faith Moses, after he was born, was hidden by his parents for three months, because they saw that the child was beautiful, and they didn’t fear the king’s edict.(G) 24 By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter 25 and chose to suffer with the people of God rather than to enjoy the fleeting pleasure of sin.(H) 26 For he considered reproach for the sake of Christ to be greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, since he was looking ahead to the reward.(I)
27 By faith he left Egypt behind, not being afraid of the king’s anger, for Moses persevered as one who sees him who is invisible.(J) 28 By faith he instituted the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn might not touch the Israelites. 29 By faith they crossed the Red Sea as though they were on dry land. When the Egyptians attempted to do this, they were drowned.(K)
30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after being marched around by the Israelites for seven days. 31 By faith Rahab the prostitute welcomed the spies in peace and didn’t perish with those who disobeyed.(L)
- 11:17 : Gn 22:1-10; Jms 2:21
- 11:18 : Gn 21:12; Rm 9:7
- 11:19 : Rm 4:17
- 11:20 : Gn 25:25; 27:26-40
- 11:21 : Gn 47:31; 48:1,5,16,20
- 11:22 : Gn 50:24-25; Ex 13:19
- 11:23 : Ex 1:16,22; 2:2
- 11:24-25 : Ex 2:10-11; Ps 84:10
- 11:26 : Heb 10:35; 13:13
- 11:27 : Rm 1:20; Col 1:15-16; 1Tm 1:17
- 11:29 : Ex 14:22-30
- 11:31 : Jos 2:1; 6:23
Praise for the Lord’s Works
2 The Lord’s works are great,
studied by all who delight in them.(B)
3 All that he does is splendid and majestic;(C)
his righteousness endures forever.(D)
4 He has caused his wondrous works to be remembered.(E)
The Lord is gracious and compassionate.(F)
5 He has provided food for those who fear him;(G)
he remembers his covenant forever.(H)
6 He has shown his people the power of his works
by giving them the inheritance of the nations.(I)
7 The works of his hands are truth and justice;
all his instructions are trustworthy.(J)
8 They are established forever and ever,
enacted in truth and in uprightness.(K)
9 He has sent redemption to his people.(L)
He has ordained his covenant forever.
His name is holy and awe-inspiring.(M)
- 111:1 : Ps 35:18; 149:1
- 111:2 : Ps 92:5; 143:5
- 111:3 : Ps 145:5
- 111:3 : Ps 112:3,9; 119:142
- 111:4 : Ps 78:4
- 111:4 : Ps 103:8; 145:8
- 111:5 : Mt 6:31-33
- 111:5 : Ps 105:8
- 111:6 : Dt 4:38; 32:8; Ps 78:55
- 111:7 : Ps 19:7; 93:5
- 111:8 : Ps 119:160; Is 40:8; Mt 5:18
- 111:9 : Lk 1:68
- 111:9 : Ps 99:3; Lk 1:49
- 111:10 : Pr 1:7; 9:10
- 111:10 : Ps 119:98
- 111:10 : Ps 44:8; 145:2