Abraham’s Plea for Sodom
16 The men got up from there and looked out over Sodom, and Abraham was walking with them to see them off. 17 Then the Lord said, “Should I hide what I am about to do from Abraham?(A) 18 Abraham is to become a great and powerful nation, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed through him.(B) 19 For I have chosen[a] him so that he will command his children and his house after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing what is right and just. This is how the Lord will fulfill to Abraham what he promised him.” 20 Then the Lord said, “The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is immense, and their sin is extremely serious. 21 I will go down(C) to see if what they have done justifies the cry that has come up to me. If not, I will find out.”
22 The men turned from there and went toward Sodom(D) while Abraham remained standing before the Lord.[b] 23 Abraham stepped forward and said, “Will you really sweep away the righteous with the wicked?(E) 24 What if there are fifty righteous people in the city? Will you really sweep it away instead of sparing the place for the sake of the fifty righteous people who are in it? 25 You could not possibly do such a thing: to kill the righteous with the wicked, treating the righteous and the wicked alike. You could not possibly do that! Won’t the Judge of the whole earth do what is just?” (F)
26 The Lord said, “If I find fifty righteous people in the city of Sodom, I will spare the whole place for their sake.”(G)
27 Then Abraham answered, “Since I have ventured to speak to my lord—even though I am dust and ashes— 28 suppose the fifty righteous lack five. Will you destroy the whole city for lack of five?”
He replied, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”
29 Then he spoke to him again, “Suppose forty are found there?”
He answered, “I will not do it on account of forty.”
30 Then he said, “Let my lord not be angry, and I will speak further. Suppose thirty are found there?”
He answered, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.”
31 Then he said, “Since I have ventured to speak to my lord, suppose twenty are found there?”
He replied, “I will not destroy it on account of twenty.”
32 Then he said, “Let my lord not be angry, and I will speak one more time.(H) Suppose ten are found there?”
He answered, “I will not destroy it on account of ten.” 33 When the Lord had finished speaking with Abraham, he departed, and Abraham returned to his place.
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
19 The two angels entered Sodom(I) in the evening as Lot was sitting in Sodom’s gateway. When Lot saw them, he got up to meet them. He bowed with his face to the ground 2 and said, “My lords, turn aside to your servant’s house, wash your feet, and spend the night. Then you can get up early and go on your way.”
“No,” they said. “We would rather spend the night in the square.” 3 But he urged them so strongly that they followed him and went into his house. He prepared a feast and baked unleavened bread for them, and they ate.
4 Before they went to bed, the men of the city of Sodom, both young and old, the whole population, surrounded the house. 5 They called out to Lot and said, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Send them out to us so we can have sex with them!” (J)
6 Lot went out to them at the entrance and shut the door behind him. 7 He said, “Don’t do this evil, my brothers. 8 Look, I’ve got two daughters who haven’t been intimate with a man.(K) I’ll bring them out to you, and you can do whatever you want[c] to them. However, don’t do anything to these men, because they have come under the protection of my roof.”
9 “Get out of the way!” they said, adding, “This one came here as an alien, but he’s acting like a judge!(L) Now we’ll do more harm to you than to them.” They put pressure on Lot and came up to break down the door. 10 But the angels[d] reached out, brought Lot into the house with them, and shut the door. 11 They struck the men who were at the entrance of the house, both young and old, with blindness[e] so that they were unable to find the entrance.(M)
12 Then the angels said to Lot, “Do you have anyone else here: a son-in-law, your sons and daughters, or anyone else in the city who belongs to you? Get them out of this place, 13 for we are about to destroy this place because the outcry against its people is so great before the Lord, that the Lord has sent us to destroy it.”(N)
14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were going to marry his daughters. “Get up,” he said. “Get out of this place, for the Lord is about to destroy the city!” (O) But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.
15 At daybreak the angels urged Lot on: “Get up! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away in the punishment[f] of the city.” 16 But he hesitated. Because of the Lord’s compassion for him, the men grabbed his hand, his wife’s hand, and the hands of his two daughters. They brought him out and left him outside the city.
17 As soon as the angels got them outside, one of them[g] said, “Run for your lives! Don’t look back and don’t stop anywhere on the plain! Run to the mountains, or you will be swept away!”
18 But Lot said to them, “No, my lords[h]—please. 19 Your servant has indeed found favor with you, and you have shown me great kindness by saving my life. But I can’t run to the mountains; the disaster will overtake me, and I will die. 20 Look, this town is close enough for me to flee to. It is a small place. Please let me run to it—it’s only a small place, isn’t it?—so that I can survive.”
21 And he said to him, “All right,[i] I’ll grant your request[j] about this matter too and will not demolish the town you mentioned. 22 Hurry up! Run to it, for I cannot do anything until you get there.” Therefore the name of the city is Zoar.[k](P)
23 The sun had risen over the land when Lot reached Zoar. 24 Then out of the sky the Lord rained on Sodom and Gomorrah burning sulfur from the Lord.(Q) 25 He demolished these cities, the entire plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and whatever grew on the ground. 26 But Lot’s wife looked back and became a pillar of salt.(R)
27 Early in the morning Abraham went to the place where he had stood before the Lord.(S) 28 He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah and all the land of the plain, and he saw that smoke was going up from the land like the smoke of a furnace. 29 So it was, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham and brought Lot out of the middle of the upheaval when he demolished the cities where Lot had lived.
The Origin of Moab and Ammon
30 Lot departed from Zoar and lived in the mountains along with his two daughters, because he was afraid to live in Zoar. Instead, he and his two daughters lived in a cave. 31 Then the firstborn said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man in the land to sleep with us as is the custom of all the land. 32 Come, let’s get our father to drink wine so that we can sleep with him and preserve our father’s line.” 33 So they got their father to drink wine that night, and the firstborn came and slept with her father; he did not know when she lay down or when she got up.
34 The next day the firstborn said to the younger, “Look, I slept with my father last night. Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight so you can go sleep with him and we can preserve our father’s line.” 35 That night they again got their father to drink wine, and the younger went and slept with him; he did not know when she lay down or when she got up.
36 So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 37 The firstborn gave birth to a son and named him Moab.[l] He is the father of the Moabites of today.(T) 38 The younger also gave birth to a son, and she named him Ben-ammi.[m] He is the father of the Ammonites of today.(U)
- 18:19 Lit known
- 18:22 Alt Hb tradition reads while the Lord remained standing before Abraham
- 19:8 Lit do what is good in your eyes
- 19:10 Lit men, also in v. 12
- 19:11 Or a blinding light
- 19:15 Or iniquity, or guilt
- 19:17 LXX, Syr, Vg read outside, they
- 19:18 Or my Lord, or my lord
- 19:21 Or “Look!
- 19:21 Lit I will lift up your face
- 19:22 In Hb, the name Zoar is related to “small” in v. 20; its previous name was “Bela”; Gn 14:2.
- 19:37 = From My Father
- 19:38 = Son of My People
- 18:17 : Am 3:7
- 18:18 : Gn 12:3; 26:4; Gl 3:8
- 18:21 : Gn 11:5; Ex 3:8; Ps 14:2
- 18:22 : Gn 19:1
- 18:23 : Ex 23:7; Nm 16:22; 2Sm 24:17; Ps 11:4–7
- 18:25 : Dt 1:16–17; 32:4; Jb 8:3,20; Ps 58:11; 94:2; Is 3:10–11; Rm 3:5–6
- 18:26 : Jr 5:1
- 18:32 : Jdg 6:39
- 19:1 : Gn 18:2,22
- 19:5 : Lv 18:22; Jdg 19:22
- 19:8 : Jdg 19:24
- 19:9 : Ex 2:14
- 19:11 : Dt 28:28–29; 2Kg 6:18; Ac 13:11
- 19:13 : Gn 18:20–21; Ex 3:7; 22:23; 1Sm 9:16; Jb 27:9
- 19:14 : Nm 16:21,26,45; Jr 51:6; Rv 18:4
- 19:22 : Gn 14:2
- 19:24 : Dt 29:23; Ps 11:6; Is 13:19; Jr 20:16; Ezk 16:49–50; Lk 17:28–29; 2Pt 2:6–8; Jd 7
- 19:26 : Lk 17:32
- 19:27 : Gn 18:22
- 19:37 : Dt 2:9
- 19:38 : Dt 2:19
The Cure for Anxiety
25 “Therefore I tell you:(A) Don’t worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; or about your body, what you will wear. Isn’t life more than food and the body more than clothing?(B) 26 Consider the birds of the sky: They don’t sow or reap or gather into barns, yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Aren’t you worth more than they?(C) 27 Can any of you add one moment to his life span[a] by worrying? 28 And why do you worry about clothes? Observe how the wildflowers of the field grow: They don’t labor or spin thread. 29 Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor was adorned like one of these. 30 If that’s how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and thrown into the furnace tomorrow, won’t he do much more for you—you of little faith?(D) 31 So don’t worry, saying, ‘What will we eat?’ or ‘What will we drink?’ or ‘What will we wear?’ 32 For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. 33 But seek first the kingdom of God[b](E) and his righteousness,(F) and all these things will be provided for you.(G) 34 Therefore don’t worry about tomorrow, because tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble(H) of its own.
Do Not Judge
7 “Do not judge, so that you won’t be judged.(I) 2 For you will be judged by the same standard with which you judge others, and you will be measured by the same measure you use.(J) 3 Why do you look at the splinter in your brother’s eye but don’t notice the beam of wood in your own eye?(K) 4 Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the splinter out of your eye,’ and look, there’s a beam of wood in your own eye? 5 Hypocrite! First take the beam of wood out of your eye, and then you will see clearly to take the splinter out of your brother’s eye. 6 Don’t give what is holy to dogs or toss your pearls before pigs,(L) or they will trample them under their feet, turn, and tear you to pieces.
Ask, Search, Knock
7 “Ask,(M) and it will be given to you.(N) Seek, and you will find. Knock, and the door[c] will be opened to you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds,(O) and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened. 9 Who among you, if his son asks him for bread, will give him a stone? 10 Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake? 11 If you then, who are evil,(P) know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good things to those who ask him. 12 Therefore, whatever you want others to do for you, do also the same for them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.(Q)
Entering the Kingdom
13 “Enter through the narrow gate.(R) For the gate is wide and the road broad that leads to destruction,(S) and there are many who go through it. 14 How narrow is the gate and difficult the road that leads to life, and few find it.
- 6:25–33 : Lk 12:22–31
- 6:25 : Lk 10:41; Php 4:6; 1Pt 5:7
- 6:26 : Jb 38:41; Ps 147:9; Mt 10:29–31
- 6:29–30 : 1Kg 10:4–7; Mt 8:26; 14:31; 16:8
- 6:33 : Mk 1:15; Ac 20:25
- 6:33 : Mt 27:19; Lk 7:29; 23:41,47; Jn 5:30; 17:25; Ac 3:14
- 6:33 : 1Kg 3:13; Mt 19:28; Mk 10:29; Lk 18:29; 1Tm 4:8
- 6:34 : Mt 6:25; Lk 10:41; Php 4:6; 1Pt 5:7
- 7:1–5 : Mk 4:24–25; Lk 6:37–42
- 7:2 : Mk 4:24; Lk 6:38; Rm 2:1; 14:10; Jms 2:13
- 7:3 : Lk 6:41; Jn 8:7–9
- 7:6 : Pr 9:7–8; 23:9; Mt 15:26
- 7:7–11 : Lk 11:9–13
- 7:7 : Mt 18:22; Mk 11:24; Jn 14:13–14; 15:7; 16:24; Jms 1:5; 1Jn 3:22; 5:14
- 7:8 : Pr 8:17; Is 55:6; Jr 29:12–13
- 7:11 : Gn 6:5; 8:21
- 7:12 : Mt 22:40; Lk 6:31; Rm 13:8; Gl 5:14
- 7:13–14 : Lk 13:23–24
- 7:13 : Mt 26:8; Mk 14:4; Jn 17:12; Ac 8:20; Rm 9:22; Php 1:28
God’s Glory, Human Dignity
For the choir director: on the Gittith.(A) A psalm of David.
1 Lord, our Lord,
how magnificent is your name throughout the earth!(B)
You have covered the heavens with your majesty.[a](C)
2 From the mouths of infants and nursing babies,(D)
you have established a stronghold[b]
on account of your adversaries
in order to silence the enemy and the avenger.
3 When I observe your heavens,
the work of your fingers,
the moon and the stars,
which you set in place,(E)
4 what is a human being that you remember him,
a son of man[c] that you look after him?(F)
5 You made him little less than God[d][e]
and crowned him with glory and honor.
6 You made him ruler over the works of your hands;
you put everything under his feet:(G)
7 all the sheep and oxen,
as well as the animals in the wild,
8 the birds of the sky,
and the fish of the sea
that pass through the currents of the seas.(H)
9 Lord, our Lord,
how magnificent is your name throughout the earth!
6 For the Lord gives wisdom;
from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.(A)
7 He stores up success[a] for the upright;
He is a shield for those who live with integrity(B)
8 so that he may guard the paths of justice
and protect the way of his faithful followers.(C)
9 Then you will understand righteousness, justice,
and integrity—every good path.
10 For wisdom will enter your heart,
and knowledge will delight you.
11 Discretion will watch over you,
and understanding will guard you.(D)
12 It will rescue you from the way of evil—
from anyone who says perverse things,
13 from those who abandon the right paths
to walk in ways of darkness,(E)
14 from those who enjoy doing evil(F)
and celebrate perversion,
15 whose paths are crooked,(G)
and whose ways are devious.(H)
- 2:7 Or resourcefulness