The Life-Giving River
47 Then he brought me back to the entrance of the temple and there was water flowing from under the threshold of the temple toward the east, for the temple faced east. The water was coming down from under the south side of the threshold of the temple, south of the altar.(A) 2 Next he brought me out by way of the north gate and led me around the outside to the outer gate that faced east; there the water was trickling from the south side. 3 As the man went out east with a measuring line in his hand,(B) he measured off a third of a mile[a] and led me through the water. It came up to my ankles. 4 Then he measured off a third of a mile and led me through the water. It came up to my knees. He measured off another third of a mile and led me through the water. It came up to my waist. 5 Again he measured off a third of a mile, and it was a river that I could not cross on foot. For the water had risen; it was deep enough to swim in, a river that could not be crossed on foot.
6 He asked me, “Do you see this, son of man?” Then he led me back to the bank of the river. 7 When I had returned, I saw a very large number of trees along both sides of the riverbank.(C) 8 He said to me, “This water flows out to the eastern region and goes down to the Arabah. When it enters the sea, the sea of foul water,[b][c] the water of the sea becomes fresh.(D) 9 Every kind of living creature that swarms will live wherever the river flows,[d] and there will be a huge number of fish because this water goes there. Since the water will become fresh, there will be life everywhere the river goes. 10 Fishermen will stand beside it from En-gedi to En-eglaim.[e] These will become places where nets are spread out to dry. Their fish will consist of many different kinds, like the fish of the Mediterranean Sea.(E) 11 Yet its swamps and marshes will not be healed; they will be left for salt. 12 All kinds of trees providing food will grow along both banks of the river. Their leaves will not wither, and their fruit will not fail.(F) Each month they will bear fresh fruit because the water comes from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be used for eating and their leaves for healing.”(G)
The Borders of the Land
13 This is what the Lord God says: “This is[f] the border you will use to divide the land(H) as an inheritance for the twelve tribes of Israel. Joseph will receive two shares.(I) 14 You will inherit it in equal portions, since I swore[g] to give it to your ancestors.(J) So this land will fall to you as an inheritance.
15 This is to be the border of the land:
On the north side(K) it will extend from the Mediterranean Sea by way of Hethlon and Lebo-hamath to Zedad,[h] 16 Berothah, and Sibraim (which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath), as far as Hazer-hatticon, which is on the border of Hauran. 17 So the border will run from the sea to Hazar-enon at the border(L) of Damascus, with the territory of Hamath to the north. This will be the northern side.
18 On the east side it will run between Hauran and Damascus, along the Jordan between Gilead and the land of Israel; you will measure from the northern border to the eastern sea.[i] This will be the eastern side.
20 On the west side the Mediterranean Sea will be the border, from the southern border up to a point opposite Lebo-hamath. This will be the western side.
21 “You are to divide this land among yourselves according to the tribes of Israel.(O) 22 You will allot it as an inheritance for yourselves and for the aliens residing among you,(P) who have fathered children among you. You will treat them[k] like native-born Israelites; along with you, they will be allotted an inheritance among the tribes of Israel. 23 In whatever tribe the alien resides, you will assign his inheritance there.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.
The Tribal Allotments
48 “Now these are the names of the tribes:
From the northern end, along the road of Hethlon, to Lebo-hamath as far as Hazar-enon, at the northern border of Damascus, alongside Hamath and extending from the eastern side to the sea, will be Dan—one portion.
2 Next to the territory of Dan, from the east side to the west, will be Asher—one portion.
3 Next to the territory of Asher, from the east side to the west, will be Naphtali—one portion.
4 Next to the territory of Naphtali, from the east side to the west, will be Manasseh—one portion.
5 Next to the territory of Manasseh, from the east side to the west, will be Ephraim—one portion.
6 Next to the territory of Ephraim, from the east side to the west, will be Reuben—one portion.
7 Next to the territory of Reuben, from the east side to the west, will be Judah—one portion.
8 “Next to the territory of Judah, from the east side to the west, will be the portion you donate to the Lord, 8⅓ miles[l] wide, and as long as one of the tribal portions from the east side to the west.(Q) The sanctuary will be in the middle of it.
9 “The special portion you donate to the Lord will be 8⅓ miles long and 3⅓ miles[m] wide. 10 This holy donation will be set apart for the priests alone. It will be 8⅓ miles long on the northern side, 3⅓ miles wide on the western side, 3⅓ miles wide on the eastern side, and 8⅓ miles long on the southern side. The Lord’s sanctuary will be in the middle of it. 11 It is for the consecrated priests, the sons of Zadok, who kept my charge(R) and did not go astray as the Levites did when the Israelites went astray. 12 It will be a special donation for them out of the holy donation of the land, a most holy place adjacent to the territory of the Levites.
13 “Next to the territory of the priests, the Levites will have an area 8⅓ miles long and 3⅓ miles wide. The total length will be 8⅓ miles and the width 3⅓ miles.(S) 14 They must not sell or exchange any of it, and they must not transfer this choice part of the land, for it is holy to the Lord.(T)
15 “The remaining area, 1⅔ miles[n] wide and 8⅓ miles long, will be for common use by the city,(U) for both residential and open space. The city will be in the middle of it. 16 These are the city’s measurements:
1½ miles[o] on the north side;
1½ miles on the south side;
1½ miles on the east side;
and 1½ miles on the west side.
17 The city’s open space will extend:
425 feet[p] to the north,
425 feet to the south,
425 feet to the east,
and 425 feet to the west.
18 “The remainder of the length alongside the holy donation will be 3⅓ miles to the east and 3⅓ miles to the west. It will run alongside the holy donation. Its produce will be food for the workers of the city. 19 The city’s workers from all the tribes of Israel will cultivate it.(V) 20 The entire donation will be 8⅓ miles by 8⅓ miles; you are to set apart the holy donation along with the city property as a square area.
21 “The remaining area on both sides of the holy donation and the city property will belong to the prince.(W) He will own the land adjacent to the tribal portions, next to the 8⅓ miles of the donation as far as the eastern border and[q] next to the 8⅓ miles of the donation as far as the western border. The holy donation and the sanctuary of the temple will be in the middle of it. 22 Except for the Levitical property and the city property in the middle of the area belonging to the prince, the area between the territory of Judah and that of Benjamin will belong to the prince.(X)
23 “As for the rest of the tribes:
From the east side to the west, will be Benjamin—one portion.
24 Next to the territory of Benjamin, from the east side to the west, will be Simeon—one portion.
25 Next to the territory of Simeon, from the east side to the west, will be Issachar—one portion.
26 Next to the territory of Issachar, from the east side to the west, will be Zebulun—one portion.
27 Next to the territory of Zebulun, from the east side to the west, will be Gad—one portion.
28 Next to the territory of Gad toward the south side, the border will run from Tamar to the Waters(Y) of Meribath-kadesh, to the Brook of Egypt, and out to the Mediterranean Sea. 29 This is the land you are to allot as an inheritance to Israel’s tribes,(Z) and these will be their portions.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.
The New City
30 “These are the exits of the city:
On the north side, which measures 1½ miles, 31 there will be three gates facing north, the gates of the city being named for the tribes of Israel: one, the gate of Reuben; one, the gate of Judah; and one, the gate of Levi.
32 On the east side, which is 1½ miles, there will be three gates: one, the gate of Joseph; one, the gate of Benjamin; and one, the gate of Dan.
33 On the south side, which measures 1½ miles, there will be three gates: one, the gate of Simeon; one, the gate of Issachar; and one, the gate of Zebulun.
34 On the west side, which is 1½ miles, there will be three gates: one, the gate of Gad; one, the gate of Asher; and one, the gate of Naphtali.
- 47:3 Lit 1,000 cubits, also in vv. 4,5
- 47:8 Or enters the sea, being brought out to the sea; Hb obscure
- 47:8 = the Dead Sea
- 47:9 LXX, Vg; MT reads the two rivers flow
- 47:10 Two springs near the Dead Sea
- 47:13 Tg, Vg; Syr reads The valley of
- 47:14 Lit lifted my hand
- 47:15 LXX; MT reads and Lebo to Zedad, Hamath; Ezk 48:1
- 47:18 = the Dead Sea
- 47:19 = Kadesh-barnea
- 47:22 Lit They will be to you
- 48:8 Lit 25,000 cubits, also in vv. 9,10,13,15,20,21
- 48:9 Lit 10,000 cubits, also in vv. 10,13,18
- 48:15 Lit 5,000 cubits
- 48:16 Lit 4,500 cubits, also in vv. 30,32,33,34
- 48:17 Lit 250 cubits
- 48:21 Lit border, and to the west,
- 48:35 Lit 18,000 cubits
- 47:1 : Ps 46:4; Zch 14:8; Rv 22:1
- 47:3 : Ezk 40:3
- 47:7 : Rv 22:2
- 47:8 : Ex 15:26; 2Kg 2:21
- 47:10 : Nm 34:3; Ezk 48:28
- 47:12 : Ps 1:3
- 47:12 : Rv 22:2
- 47:13 : Nm 34:2–12
- 47:13 : Gn 48:15–16
- 47:14 : Dt 1:8; Ezk 20:6
- 47:15 : Nm 34:7–9; Ezk 48:1
- 47:17 : Nm 34:9
- 47:19 : Nm 34:5; 1Kg 8:65; Is 27:12
- 47:19 : Ezk 48:28
- 47:21 : Ezk 45:1
- 47:22 : Ac 11:18; 15:9; Eph 2:12–14; 3:6; Col 3:11
- 48:8–9 : Ezk 45:1–5
- 48:11 : Ezk 44:10,15
- 48:13 : Ezk 45:1
- 48:14 : Lv 25:34; 27:28
- 48:15 : Ezk 45:6
- 48:19 : Ezk 45:6
- 48:21 : Ezk 34:24; 45:7
- 48:22 : Jos 18:21–28
- 48:28 : 2Ch 20:2
- 48:29 : Ezk 47:13–20
- 48:35 : Is 12:6; 14:32; 24:23; Jr 3:17; 8:19; 14:9; Ezk 35:10; Jl 3:21; Zch 2:10; Rv 21:3; 22:3
1 Peter 2:11-3:7
A Call to Good Works
11 Dear friends, I urge you as strangers and exiles(A) to abstain(B) from sinful(C) desires that wage war against the soul.(D) 12 Conduct(E) yourselves honorably among the Gentiles,[a] so that when they slander you as evildoers, they will observe your good works and will glorify God on the day he visits.(F)
13 Submit(G) to every human authority because of the Lord, whether to the emperor[b] as the supreme authority(H) 14 or to governors as those sent out by him to punish those who do what is evil and to praise those who do what is good. 15 For it is God’s will(I) that you silence the ignorance(J) of foolish people by doing good. 16 Submit as free people, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil,(K) but as God’s slaves.(L) 17 Honor everyone. Love(M) the brothers and sisters.(N) Fear God.(O) Honor the emperor.
Submission of Slaves to Masters
18 Household slaves, submit to your masters(P) with all reverence(Q) not only to the good and gentle ones but also to the cruel.(R) 19 For it brings favor if, because of a consciousness of God, someone endures grief from suffering unjustly. 20 For what credit is there if when you do wrong and are beaten, you endure it? But when you do what is good and suffer,(S) if you endure it, this brings favor with God.
21 For you were called to this, because Christ also suffered(T) for you, leaving you an example,(U) that you should follow(V) in his steps. 22 He did not commit sin,(W) and no deceit(X) was found in his mouth;[c](Y) 23 when he was insulted, he did not insult in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten but entrusted himself to the one who judges(Z) justly. 24 He himself bore our sins(AA) in his body(AB) on the tree;(AC) so that, having died to sins,(AD) we might live for righteousness.(AE) By his wounds[d](AF) you have been healed. 25 For you were like sheep going astray,[e](AG) but you have now returned to the Shepherd(AH) and Overseer[f] of your souls.
Wives and Husbands
3 In the same way, wives,(AI) submit yourselves to your own husbands so that, even if some disobey the word,(AJ) they may be won over(AK) without a word by the way their wives live(AL) 2 when they observe your pure, reverent lives.(AM) 3 Don’t let your beauty consist of outward things like elaborate hairstyles and wearing gold jewelry or fine clothes,(AN) 4 but rather what is inside the heart[g](AO)—the imperishable quality of a gentle(AP) and quiet(AQ) spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 5 For in the past, the holy(AR) women who put their hope(AS) in God also adorned themselves in this way, submitting to their own husbands, 6 just as Sarah(AT) obeyed Abraham, calling him lord. You have become her children when you do what is good and do not fear any intimidation.(AU)
7 Husbands,(AV) in the same way, live with your wives in an understanding way, as with a weaker partner,(AW) showing them honor as coheirs of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.
- 2:11 : 1Pt 1:1
- 2:11 : 1Tm 4:3
- 2:11 : Rm 7:23; Php 3:3
- 2:11 : Gl 5:17; Jms 4:1
- 2:12 : 2Pt 3:11
- 2:12 : Is 10:3; Jr 6:15; 8:12; 10:15; Lk 1:68; 7:16; 19:44
- 2:13–14 : Rm 13:1–7; Ti 3:1
- 2:13 : Rm 13:1
- 2:15 : Gl 1:4; Eph 1:9
- 2:15 : 1Pt 3:16
- 2:16 : 1Co 14:20
- 2:16 : Rm 1:1; Ti 1:1; Rv 2:20
- 2:17 : Rv 12:11
- 2:17 : Heb 13:1; 1Pt 5:9
- 2:17 : Pr 1:7; 24:21; Ac 10:2; Rv 14:7
- 2:18 : Eph 6:5; Col 3:22; Ti 2:9; Jd 4
- 2:18 : Rm 13:3,7
- 2:18 : Php 2:15
- 2:20 : 1Pt 4:14
- 2:21 : Mk 8:31; 1Pt 3:18; 1Jn 3:16
- 2:21 : Jn 13:15
- 2:21 : Jn 8:12
- 2:22 : 1Pt 4:1; 1Jn 3:5
- 2:22 : 2Pt 2:1
- 2:22 : Is 53:9
- 2:23 : Rv 18:8; 19:11
- 2:24 : Heb 7:27–28; 9:27–28
- 2:24 : Is 53:4–5,12; Jn 2:21
- 2:24 : Ac 5:30; 10:39; 13:29; Gl 3:13
- 2:24 : Rm 6:2,8–11; 7:6; Gl 2:19; Col 2:20; 3:3
- 2:24 : Rm 6:2,11; Ti 2:12
- 2:24 : Is 53:5; Mt 13:15; Jn 12:40; Ac 28:27
- 2:25 : Ps 119:176; Is 53:6
- 2:25 : Gn 48:15; 49:24; Ps 23:1; Jr 31:10
- 3:1 : Eph 5:22–33; Col 3:18–19; 1Tm 3:11
- 3:1 : 1Co 7:16; 1Pt 1:24–25
- 3:1 : 1Co 9:19–22; Php 3:8
- 3:1 : 2Pt 3:11
- 3:2 : Ti 2:5
- 3:3 : Is 3:18–24; 1Tm 2:9
- 3:4 : Rm 2:29; 7:22
- 3:4 : Mt 5:5
- 3:4 : 1Tm 2:2
- 3:5 : Ps 20:6; 1Co 7:14
- 3:5 : 1Tm 5:5; 1Pt 1:3
- 3:6 : Gn 17:15–21; 18:6–15; Heb 11:11
- 3:6 : Pr 3:25
- 3:7 : Mt 1:19; 1Co 14:35; Eph 5:22–28; Col 3:18–19; Ti 2:4–5
- 3:7 : 1Th 4:4
49 Remember your word to your servant;
you have given me hope through it.
50 This is my comfort in my affliction:(A)
Your promise has given me life.
51 The arrogant constantly ridicule me,
but I do not turn away from your instruction.(B)
52 Lord, I remember your judgments from long ago
and find comfort.
53 Fury seizes me(C) because of the wicked
who reject your instruction.(D)
54 Your statutes are the theme of my song
during my earthly life.[a]
55 Lord, I remember your name(E) in the night,(F)
and I obey your instruction.
56 This is my practice:
I obey your precepts.(G)
57 The Lord is my portion;[b](H)
I have promised to keep your words.
58 I have sought your favor(I) with all my heart;
be gracious to me(J) according to your promise.
59 I thought about my ways(K)
and turned my steps back to your decrees.
60 I hurried, not hesitating
to keep your commands.
61 Though the ropes of the wicked(L)
were wrapped around me,
I did not forget your instruction.(M)
62 I rise at midnight to thank you(N)
for your righteous judgments.(O)
63 I am a friend to all who fear you,(P)
to those who keep your precepts.
64 Lord, the earth is filled with your faithful love;(Q)
teach me your statutes.(R)
- 119:50 : Rm 15:4
- 119:51 : Jb 23:11; Ps 44:18
- 119:53 : Ezr 9:3; Neh 13:25; Ps 119:158
- 119:53 : Ps 89:30
- 119:55 : Ps 63:6
- 119:55 : Ps 42:8; 92:2; Is 26:9; Ac 16:25
- 119:56 : Ps 119:22,69,100
- 119:57 : Ps 16:5; Lm 3:24
- 119:58 : 1Kg 13:6
- 119:58 : Ps 41:4; 56:1; 57:1
- 119:59 : Lk 15:17
- 119:61 : Jb 36:8; Ps 140:5
- 119:61 : Ps 119:83,141,153,176
- 119:62 : Ps 119:55
- 119:62 : Ps 119:7
- 119:63 : Ps 101:6
- 119:64 : Ps 33:5
- 119:64 : Ps 119:12
- 28:12 Lit glory