Duties of the Kohathites, Gershonites, and Merarites
4 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying, 2 “Take a census of the sons of Kohath from among the sons of Levi, by their clans and their fathers' houses, 3 (A)from thirty years old up to fifty years old, all who can come on duty, to do the work in the tent of meeting. 4 This is the service of the sons of Kohath in the tent of meeting: (B)the most holy things. 5 When the camp is to set out, Aaron and his sons shall go in and take down (C)the veil of the screen and cover (D)the ark of the testimony with it. 6 Then they shall put on it a covering of goatskin[a] and spread on top of that a cloth all of blue, and shall put in its (E)poles. 7 And over the (F)table of the bread of the Presence they shall spread a cloth of blue and put on it the plates, the dishes for incense, the bowls, and the flagons for the drink offering; (G)the regular showbread also shall be on it. 8 Then they shall spread over them a cloth of scarlet and cover the same with a covering of goatskin, and shall (H)put in its poles. 9 And they shall take a cloth of blue and cover (I)the lampstand for the light, with its lamps, its tongs, its trays, and all the vessels for oil with which it is supplied. 10 And they shall put it with all its utensils in a covering of goatskin and put it on the carrying frame. 11 And over (J)the golden altar they shall spread a cloth of blue and cover it with a covering of goatskin, and shall put in its poles. 12 And they shall take all (K)the vessels of the service that are used in the sanctuary and put them in a cloth of blue and cover them with a covering of goatskin and put them on the carrying frame. 13 And they shall take away the ashes from the altar and spread a purple cloth over it. 14 And they shall put on it all the utensils of the altar, which are used for the service there, the fire pans, the forks, the shovels, and the basins, all the utensils of the altar; and they shall spread on it a covering of goatskin, and shall put in its poles. 15 And when Aaron and his sons have finished covering the sanctuary and all the furnishings of the sanctuary, as the camp sets out, after that (L)the sons of Kohath shall come to carry these, (M)but they must not touch the holy things, lest they die. These are the things of the tent of meeting that the sons of Kohath are to carry.
16 “And Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest shall have charge of (N)the oil for the light, the (O)fragrant incense, (P)the regular grain offering, and (Q)the anointing oil, with the oversight of the whole tabernacle and all that is in it, of the sanctuary and its vessels.”
17 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying, 18 “Let not the tribe of the clans of the Kohathites be destroyed from among the Levites, 19 but deal thus with them, that they may live and not die when they come near to (R)the most holy things: Aaron and his sons shall go in and appoint them each to his task and to his burden, 20 (S)but they shall not go in to look on the holy things even for a moment, lest they die.”
21 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 22 “Take a census of the sons of Gershon also, by their fathers' houses and by their clans. 23 (T)From thirty years old up to fifty years old, you shall list them, all who can (U)come to do duty, to do service in the tent of meeting. 24 This is the service of the clans of the Gershonites, in serving and bearing burdens: 25 (V)they shall carry (W)the curtains of the tabernacle and the tent of meeting with (X)its covering and the covering of goatskin that is on top of it and the screen for the entrance of the tent of meeting 26 and the hangings of the court and the screen for the entrance of the gate of the court that is around the tabernacle and the altar, and their cords and all the equipment for their service. And they shall do all that needs to be done with regard to them. 27 All the service of the sons of the Gershonites shall be at the command of Aaron and his sons, in all that they are to carry and in all that they have to do. And you shall assign to their charge all that they are to carry. 28 This is the service of the clans of the sons of the Gershonites in the tent of meeting, and their guard duty is to be (Y)under the direction of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.
29 “As for the sons of Merari, you shall list them by their clans and their fathers' houses. 30 (Z)From thirty years old up to fifty years old, you shall list them, everyone who can come on duty, to do the service of the tent of meeting. 31 And (AA)this is what they are charged to carry, as the whole of their service in the tent of meeting: the frames of the tabernacle, with its bars, pillars, and bases, 32 and the pillars around the court with their bases, pegs, and cords, with all their equipment and all their accessories. And you shall (AB)list by name the objects that they are required to carry. 33 This is the service of the clans of the sons of Merari, the whole of their service in the tent of meeting, (AC)under the direction of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.”
34 And Moses and Aaron and the chiefs of the congregation listed the sons of the Kohathites, by their clans and their fathers' houses, 35 (AD)from thirty years old up to fifty years old, everyone who could come on duty, for service in the tent of meeting; 36 and those listed by clans were 2,750. 37 (AE)This was the list of the clans of the Kohathites, all who served in the tent of meeting, whom Moses and Aaron listed according to the commandment of the Lord by Moses.
38 Those listed of the sons of Gershon, by their clans and their fathers' houses, 39 (AF)from thirty years old up to fifty years old, everyone who could come on duty for service in the tent of meeting— 40 those listed by their clans and their fathers' houses were 2,630. 41 (AG)This was the list of the clans of the sons of Gershon, all who served in the tent of meeting, whom Moses and Aaron listed according to the commandment of the Lord.
42 Those listed of the clans of the sons of Merari, by their clans and their fathers' houses, 43 (AH)from thirty years old up to fifty years old, everyone who could come on duty, for service in the tent of meeting— 44 those listed by clans were 3,200. 45 (AI)This was the list of the clans of the sons of Merari, whom Moses and Aaron listed according to the commandment of the Lord by Moses.
46 All those who were listed of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron and the chiefs of Israel listed, by their clans and their fathers' houses, 47 (AJ)from thirty years old up to fifty years old, everyone who could come to do the service of ministry and the service of bearing burdens in the tent of meeting, 48 those listed were 8,580. 49 According to the commandment of the Lord through Moses they were listed, (AK)each one with his task of serving or carrying. Thus they were listed by him, (AL)as the Lord commanded Moses.
5 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Command the people of Israel that they (AM)put out of the camp everyone who is leprous[b] or has (AN)a discharge and everyone who is (AO)unclean through contact with the dead. 3 You shall put out both male and female, putting them outside the camp, that they may not defile their camp, (AP)in the midst of which I dwell.” 4 And the people of Israel did so, and put them outside the camp; as the Lord said to Moses, so the people of Israel did.
Confession and Restitution
5 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 6 “Speak to the people of Israel, (AQ)When a man or woman commits any of the sins that people commit by breaking faith with the Lord, and that person realizes his guilt, 7 (AR)he shall confess his sin that he has committed.[c] (AS)And he shall make full restitution for his wrong, adding a fifth to it and giving it to him to whom he did the wrong. 8 But if the man has no next of kin to whom restitution may be made for the wrong, the restitution for wrong shall go to the Lord for the priest, in addition to (AT)the ram of atonement with which atonement is made for him. 9 And (AU)every contribution, all the holy donations of the people of Israel, which they bring to the priest, shall be his. 10 Each one shall keep his holy donations: whatever anyone gives to the priest shall be his.”
A Test for Adultery
11 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 12 “Speak to the people of Israel, If any man's wife goes astray and breaks faith with him, 13 if a man (AV)lies with her sexually, and it is hidden from the eyes of her husband, and she is undetected though she has defiled herself, and there is no witness against her, (AW)since she was not taken in the act, 14 and if the spirit of jealousy comes over him and he is jealous of his wife who has defiled herself, or if the spirit of jealousy comes over him and he is jealous of his wife, though she has not defiled herself, 15 then the man shall bring his wife to the priest and bring the offering required of her, a tenth of an ephah[d] of barley flour. (AX)He shall pour no oil on it and put no frankincense on it, for it is a grain offering of jealousy, a grain offering of remembrance, (AY)bringing iniquity to remembrance.
16 “And the priest shall bring her near and set her before the Lord. 17 And the priest shall take holy water in an earthenware vessel and take some of the dust that is on the floor of the tabernacle and put it into the water. 18 And the priest shall set the woman before the Lord and (AZ)unbind the hair of the woman's head and place in her hands the grain offering of remembrance, which is the grain offering of jealousy. And in his hand the priest shall have the water of bitterness that brings the curse. 19 Then the priest shall make her take an oath, saying, ‘If no man has lain with you, and if you have not turned aside to uncleanness while you were under your husband's authority, be free from this water of bitterness that brings the curse. 20 But if you have gone astray, though you are under your husband's authority, and if you have defiled yourself, and some man other than your husband has lain with you, 21 then’ (let the priest make the woman take the oath of the curse, and say to the woman) (BA)‘the Lord make you a curse and an oath among your people, when the Lord makes your thigh fall away and your body swell. 22 May this water that brings the curse (BB)pass into your bowels and make your womb swell and your thigh fall away.’ And the woman shall say, (BC)‘Amen, Amen.’
23 “Then the priest shall write these curses in a book and wash them off into the water of bitterness. 24 And he shall make the woman drink the water of bitterness that brings the curse, and the water that brings the curse shall enter into her and cause bitter pain. 25 And the priest shall take the grain offering of jealousy out of the woman's hand (BD)and shall wave the grain offering before the Lord and bring it to the altar. 26 And the priest (BE)shall take a handful of the grain offering, as its memorial portion, and burn it on the altar, and afterward shall make the woman drink the water. 27 And when he has made her drink the water, then, if she has defiled herself and has broken faith with her husband, the water that brings the curse shall enter into her and cause bitter pain, and her womb shall swell, and her thigh shall fall away, and the woman (BF)shall become a curse among her people. 28 But if the woman has not defiled herself and is clean, then she shall be free and shall conceive children.
29 “This is the law in cases of jealousy, when a wife, (BG)though under her husband's authority, goes astray and defiles herself, 30 or when the spirit of jealousy comes over a man and he is jealous of his wife. Then he shall set the woman before the Lord, and the priest shall carry out for her all this law. 31 The man shall be free from iniquity, but the woman (BH)shall bear her iniquity.”
- Numbers 4:3 : ver. 23, 30, 35, 39, 43, 47; [ch. 8:24; 1 Chr. 23:3, 24, 27]
- Numbers 4:4 : ver. 19
- Numbers 4:5 : See Ex. 26:31
- Numbers 4:5 : Ex. 25:10, 16
- Numbers 4:6 : Ex. 25:13
- Numbers 4:7 : Ex. 25:23, 29, 30; 37:16; Lev. 24:6, 8
- Numbers 4:7 : 2 Chr. 2:4
- Numbers 4:8 : [Ex. 25:15, 28]
- Numbers 4:9 : See Ex. 25:31-39
- Numbers 4:11 : Ex. 30:1, 3
- Numbers 4:12 : [1 Chr. 9:28, 29]
- Numbers 4:15 : ch. 7:9; 10:21; Deut. 31:9
- Numbers 4:15 : 2 Sam. 6:6, 7; 1 Chr. 13:9, 10
- Numbers 4:16 : Ex. 25:6; 27:20; Lev. 24:2
- Numbers 4:16 : Ex. 25:6; 31:11
- Numbers 4:16 : Ex. 29:40, 41
- Numbers 4:16 : Ex. 31:11; See Ex. 30:23-33
- Numbers 4:19 : ver. 4
- Numbers 4:20 : [Ex. 19:21; 1 Sam. 6:19]
- Numbers 4:23 : ver. 3
- Numbers 4:23 : ch. 8:24; [Ex. 38:8; 1 Sam. 2:22]
- Numbers 4:25 : [ch. 3:25, 26]
- Numbers 4:25 : See Ex. 26:1-6; 36:8-13
- Numbers 4:25 : Ex. 36:14, 19
- Numbers 4:28 : ver. 33
- Numbers 4:30 : [See ver. 23 above]; ver. 3
- Numbers 4:31 : ch. 3:36, 37
- Numbers 4:32 : Ex. 38:21
- Numbers 4:33 : ver. 28
- Numbers 4:35 : [See ver. 23 above]; ver. 3
- Numbers 4:37 : ver. 2
- Numbers 4:39 : [See ver. 23 above]; ver. 3
- Numbers 4:41 : ver. 22
- Numbers 4:43 : [See ver. 23 above]; ver. 3
- Numbers 4:45 : ver. 29
- Numbers 4:47 : [See ver. 23 above]; ver. 3
- Numbers 4:49 : ver. 15, 24, 31
- Numbers 4:49 : ver. 1, 21, 29
- Numbers 5:2 : ch. 12:14; Lev. 13:46
- Numbers 5:2 : Lev. 15:2
- Numbers 5:2 : ch. 9:6, 10; 19:11, 13; 31:19; Lev. 21:1; [Hag. 2:13]
- Numbers 5:3 : See Lev. 26:11, 12
- Numbers 5:6 : Lev. 6:2, 3
- Numbers 5:7 : Lev. 5:5; 26:40; [Josh. 7:19]
- Numbers 5:7 : Lev. 6:5
- Numbers 5:8 : Lev. 6:6, 7
- Numbers 5:9 : ch. 18:19; Ex. 29:28; Lev. 6:17, 18; 7:6, 7, 9, 10, 14; Deut. 18:3, 4
- Numbers 5:13 : Lev. 18:20
- Numbers 5:13 : John 8:4
- Numbers 5:15 : [Lev. 2:1, 15; 5:11]
- Numbers 5:15 : 1 Kgs. 17:18; Ezek. 29:16
- Numbers 5:18 : [1 Cor. 11:5-7]
- Numbers 5:21 : [Jer. 29:22]
- Numbers 5:22 : Ps. 109:18
- Numbers 5:22 : See Deut. 27:15-26
- Numbers 5:25 : [Lev. 8:27]
- Numbers 5:26 : Lev. 2:2, 9; 5:12
- Numbers 5:27 : Deut. 28:37; Jer. 24:9; 29:18, 22; 42:18; 44:12; Zech. 8:13
- Numbers 5:29 : ver. 19, 20
- Numbers 5:31 : Lev. 20:17, 19, 20
The Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection
18 And (A)Sadducees came to him, (B)who say that there is no resurrection. And they asked him a question, saying, 19 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that (C)if a man's brother dies and leaves a wife, but leaves no child, the man[a] must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother. 20 There were seven brothers; the first took a wife, and when he died left no offspring. 21 And the second took her, and died, leaving no offspring. And the third likewise. 22 And the seven left no offspring. Last of all the woman also died. 23 In the resurrection, when they rise again, whose wife will she be? For the seven had her as wife.”
24 Jesus said to them, “Is this not the reason you are wrong, because (D)you know neither the Scriptures nor (E)the power of God? 25 For when they rise from the dead, they neither (F)marry nor (G)are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 26 And as for the dead being raised, (H)have you not read in (I)the book of Moses, in (J)the passage about the bush, how God spoke to him, saying, (K)‘I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 27 He is not God of the dead, but of the living. You are quite wrong.”
The Great Commandment
28 (L)And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, asked him, “Which commandment is the most important of all?” 29 Jesus answered, “The most important is, (M)‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, (N)the Lord is one. 30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ 31 (O)The second is this: (P)‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment (Q)greater than these.” 32 And the scribe said to him, “You are right, Teacher. You have truly said that (R)he is one, and (S)there is no other besides him. 33 And to love him with all the heart and with all (T)the understanding and with all the strength, and to love one's neighbor as oneself, (U)is much more than all (V)whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” 34 And when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” (W)And after that no one dared to ask him any more questions.
Whose Son Is the Christ?
- Mark 12:19 Greek his brother
- Mark 12:18 : Matt. 3:7; 16:1; 22:34; Acts 4:1; 5:17; 23:6
- Mark 12:18 : Acts 23:8; [Acts 4:2]
- Mark 12:19 : [Deut. 25:5]
- Mark 12:24 : John 20:9
- Mark 12:24 : 1 Cor. 6:14
- Mark 12:25 : Matt. 24:38; Luke 17:27
- Mark 12:25 : Matt. 24:38; Luke 17:27
- Mark 12:26 : See Matt. 21:16
- Mark 12:26 : [Luke 3:4; 20:42; Acts 1:20; 7:42]
- Mark 12:26 : Ex. 3:1-4, 17
- Mark 12:26 : Acts 7:32; Cited from Ex. 3:6
- Mark 12:28 : For ver. 28-34, see Matt. 22:34-40, 46; [Luke 10:25-28]
- Mark 12:29 : Luke 10:27; Cited from Deut. 6:4, 5
- Mark 12:29 : Rom. 3:30; 1 Cor. 8:4, 6; Gal. 3:20; Eph. 4:6; 1 Tim. 1:17; 2:5; James 2:19; 4:12; Jude 25; [Matt. 19:17; 23:9]
- Mark 12:31 : [1 John 4:21]
- Mark 12:31 : Cited from Lev. 19:18; See Matt. 19:19
- Mark 12:31 : [Matt. 23:23]
- Mark 12:32 : [See ver. 29 above]; Rom. 3:30; 1 Cor. 8:4, 6; Gal. 3:20; Eph. 4:6; 1 Tim. 1:17; 2:5; James 2:19; 4:12; Jude 25; [Matt. 19:17; 23:9]
- Mark 12:32 : Cited from Deut. 4:35 (Gk.)
- Mark 12:33 : Deut. 4:6; Luke 2:47; Col. 1:9; 2:2
- Mark 12:33 : 1 Sam. 15:22; Hos. 6:6; Mic. 6:6-8; Matt. 9:13; 12:7
- Mark 12:33 : Ps. 40:6; Heb. 10:6, 8
- Mark 12:34 : Luke 20:40
- Mark 12:35 : For ver. 35-37, see Matt. 22:41-45; Luke 20:41-44
- Mark 12:35 : See Matt. 26:55
- Mark 12:35 : See Matt. 1:1, 17
- Mark 12:36 : [Luke 10:21; 1 Cor. 12:3]
- Mark 12:36 : Acts 2:34, 35; Heb. 1:13; Cited from Ps. 110:1; [1 Cor. 15:25; Heb. 10:13]
- Mark 12:36 : [Acts 7:49]
- Mark 12:37 : [Rom. 1:3, 4]
- Mark 12:37 : ch. 6:20
Zion, the City of Our God
A Song. A Psalm of (A)the Sons of Korah.
48 (B)Great is the Lord and greatly to be praised
in (C)the city of our God!
His (D)holy mountain, 2 (E)beautiful in elevation,
is (F)the joy of all the earth,
Mount Zion, in the far north,
(G)the city of the great King.
3 Within her citadels God
has made himself known as a fortress.
4 For behold, (H)the kings assembled;
they came on together.
5 As soon as they saw it, they were astounded;
they were in panic; they took to flight.
6 (I)Trembling took hold of them there,
anguish (J)as of a woman in labor.
7 By (K)the east wind you (L)shattered
the ships of (M)Tarshish.
8 As we have heard, so have we seen
in the city of the Lord of hosts,
in (N)the city of our God,
which God will (O)establish forever. Selah
9 We have thought on your (P)steadfast love, O God,
in the midst of your temple.
10 As your (Q)name, O God,
so your praise reaches to (R)the ends of the earth.
Your right hand is filled with righteousness.
11 Let Mount (S)Zion be glad!
Let (T)the daughters of Judah rejoice
because of your judgments!
12 Walk about Zion, go around her,
number her towers,
13 consider well her (U)ramparts,
go through her citadels,
(V)that you may tell the next generation
14 that this is God,
our God forever and ever.
He will (W)guide us forever.[a]
- Psalm 48:14 Septuagint; another reading is (compare Jerome, Syriac) He will guide us beyond death
- Psalm 48:1 : Ps. 42, title; 46, title
- Psalm 48:1 : Ps. 96:4; 145:3
- Psalm 48:1 : See Ps. 46:4
- Psalm 48:1 : Ps. 2:6; 87:1; Zech. 8:3; [Isa. 2:3; Mic. 4:1]
- Psalm 48:2 : See Ps. 50:2
- Psalm 48:2 : Lam. 2:15; [Ezek. 20:6]
- Psalm 48:2 : Matt. 5:35
- Psalm 48:4 : See 2 Sam. 10:6-19
- Psalm 48:6 : [Ex. 15:15]
- Psalm 48:6 : Isa. 13:8; Hos. 13:13
- Psalm 48:7 : Jer. 18:17
- Psalm 48:7 : 1 Kgs. 22:48; Ezek. 27:26
- Psalm 48:7 : 1 Kgs. 10:22
- Psalm 48:8 : [See ver. 1 above]; See Ps. 46:4
- Psalm 48:8 : Ps. 87:5; Isa. 2:2; Mic. 4:1
- Psalm 48:9 : Ps. 26:3; 40:10
- Psalm 48:10 : Ps. 113:3; [Ex. 34:5, 6; Deut. 28:58; Mal. 1:11, 14]
- Psalm 48:10 : See Ps. 22:27
- Psalm 48:11 : Ps. 97:8
- Psalm 48:11 : Ps. 97:8
- Psalm 48:13 : Ps. 122:7
- Psalm 48:13 : [Ps. 78:4-6]
- Psalm 48:14 : Ps. 23:3, 4
26 Like vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes,
so is the sluggard to those who send him.