37 Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, the land of Canaan.(A) 2 These are the family records of Jacob.
At seventeen years of age, Joseph tended sheep with his brothers. The young man was working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives,(B) and he brought a bad report about them to their father.(C)
3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than his other sons because Joseph was a son born to him in his old age,(D) and he made a robe of many colors[a] for him. 4 When his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not bring themselves to speak peaceably to him.
5 Then Joseph had a dream. When he told it to his brothers, they hated him even more. 6 He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 7 There we were, binding sheaves of grain in the field. Suddenly my sheaf stood up, and your sheaves gathered around it and bowed down to my sheaf.”(E)
8 “Are you really going to reign over us?” his brothers asked him. “Are you really going to rule us?” So they hated him even more because of his dream and what he had said.
9 Then he had another dream and told it to his brothers. “Look,” he said, “I had another dream, and this time the sun, moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”
10 He told his father and brothers, and his father rebuked him. “What kind of dream is this that you have had?” he said. “Am I and your mother and your brothers really going to come and bow down to the ground before you?” 11 His brothers were jealous of him,(F) but his father kept the matter in mind.(G)
Joseph Sold into Slavery
12 His brothers had gone to pasture their father’s flocks at Shechem. 13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers, you know, are pasturing the flocks at Shechem. Get ready. I’m sending you to them.”
“I’m ready,” Joseph replied.
14 Then Israel said to him, “Go and see how your brothers and the flocks are doing, and bring word back to me.” So he sent him from the Hebron(H) Valley, and he went to Shechem.
15 A man found him there, wandering in the field, and asked him, “What are you looking for?”
16 “I’m looking for my brothers,” Joseph said. “Can you tell me where they are pasturing their flocks?”
17 “They’ve moved on from here,” the man said. “I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’”(I) So Joseph set out after his brothers and found them at Dothan.
18 They saw him in the distance, and before he had reached them, they plotted to kill him.(J) 19 They said to one another, “Oh, look, here comes that dream expert![b] 20 So now, come on, let’s kill him and throw him into one of the pits.[c] We can say that a vicious animal ate him. Then we’ll see what becomes of his dreams!”
21 When Reuben heard this, he tried to save him from them.[d] He said, “Let’s not take his life.”(K) 22 Reuben also said to them, “Don’t shed blood. Throw him into this pit in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him”—intending to rescue him from them and return him to his father.
23 When Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped off Joseph’s robe, the robe of many colors that he had on. 24 Then they took him and threw him into the pit. The pit was empty, without water.
25 They sat down to eat a meal,(L) and when they looked up, there was a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead.(M) Their camels were carrying aromatic gum, balsam, and resin, going down to Egypt.(N)
26 Judah said to his brothers, “What do we gain if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 27 Come on, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay a hand on him, for he is our brother, our own flesh,” and his brothers agreed. 28 When Midianite(O) traders passed by, his brothers pulled Joseph out of the pit and sold him for twenty pieces of silver to the Ishmaelites, who took Joseph to Egypt.(P)
29 When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not there, he tore his clothes.(Q) 30 He went back to his brothers and said, “The boy is gone! What am I going to do?” [e] 31 So they took Joseph’s robe, slaughtered a male goat, and dipped the robe in its blood. 32 They sent the robe of many colors to their father and said, “We found this. Examine it. Is it your son’s robe or not?”
33 His father recognized it. “It is my son’s robe,” he said. “A vicious animal has devoured him. Joseph has been torn to pieces!” (R) 34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put sackcloth around his waist, and mourned for his son many days. 35 All his sons and daughters tried to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted. “No,” he said. “I will go down to Sheol to my son, mourning.” And his father wept for him.
36 Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and the captain of the guards.
Judah and Tamar
38 At that time Judah left his brothers and settled near an Adullamite(S) named Hirah. 2 There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite named Shua; he took her as a wife and slept with her. 3 She conceived and gave birth to a son, and he named him Er.(T) 4 She conceived again, gave birth to a son, and named him Onan. 5 She gave birth to another son and named him Shelah. It was at Chezib that[f][g] she gave birth to him.
6 Judah got a wife for Er, his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. 7 Now Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the Lord’s sight, and the Lord put him to death.(U) 8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Sleep with your brother’s wife. Perform your duty as her brother-in-law(V) and produce offspring for your brother.”(W) 9 But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his, so whenever he slept with his brother’s wife, he released his semen on the ground so that he would not produce offspring for his brother. 10 What he did was evil in the Lord’s sight, so he put him to death also.
11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Remain a widow in your father’s house until my son Shelah grows up.”(X) For he thought, “He might die too, like his brothers.” So Tamar went to live in her father’s house.
12 After a long time[h] Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. When Judah had finished mourning, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite went up to Timnah(Y) to his sheepshearers. 13 Tamar was told, “Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 14 So she took off her widow’s clothes, veiled her face,(Z) covered herself, and sat at the entrance to Enaim,[i] which is on the way to Timnah. For she saw that, though Shelah had grown up, she had not been given to him as a wife. 15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.
16 He went over to her and said, “Come, let me sleep with you,” for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law.(AA)
She said, “What will you give me for sleeping with me?”
17 “I will send you a young goat from my flock,” he replied.
But she said, “Only if you leave something with me until you send it.”
18 “What should I give you?” he asked.
She answered, “Your signet ring, your cord, and the staff in your hand.” So he gave them to her and slept with her, and she became pregnant by him. 19 She got up and left, then removed her veil and put her widow’s clothes back on.
20 When Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite in order to get back the items he had left with the woman, he could not find her. 21 He asked the men of the place, “Where is the cult prostitute who was beside the road at Enaim?”
“There has been no cult prostitute here,” they answered.
22 So the Adullamite returned to Judah, saying, “I couldn’t find her, and besides, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’”
23 Judah replied, “Let her keep the items for herself; otherwise we will become a laughingstock. After all, I did send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”
24 About three months later Judah was told, “Your daughter-in-law, Tamar, has been acting like a prostitute, and now she is pregnant.”
“Bring her out,” Judah said, “and let her be burned to death!” (AB)
25 As she was being brought out, she sent her father-in-law this message: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these items belong.” And she added, “Examine them. Whose signet ring, cord, and staff are these?”
27 When the time came for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 28 As she was giving birth, one of them put out his hand, and the midwife took it and tied a scarlet thread around it, announcing, “This one came out first.” 29 But then he pulled his hand back, out came his brother, and she said, “What a breakout you have made for yourself!” So he was named Perez.[k](AD) 30 Then his brother, who had the scarlet thread tied to his hand, came out, and was named Zerah.[l]
- 37:3 Or robe with long sleeves; see 2Sm 13:18,19
- 37:19 Lit comes the lord of the dreams
- 37:20 Or cisterns
- 37:21 Lit their hands
- 37:30 Lit And I, where am I going?
- 38:5 LXX reads She was at Chezib when
- 38:5 Or He was at Chezib when
- 38:12 Lit And there were many days, and
- 38:14 Or sat by the mouth of the springs
- 38:26 Or more righteous
- 38:29 = Breaking Out
- 38:30 = Brightness of Sunrise; perhaps related to the scarlet thread
- 37:1 : Gn 26:3
- 37:2 : Gn 30:1-13
- 37:2 : 1Sm 2:22-24
- 37:3 : Gn 44:20
- 37:7 : Gn 42:6,9; 43:26; 44:14
- 37:11 : Ac 7:9
- 37:11 : Dn 7:28; Lk 2:19,51
- 37:14 : Gn 13:18; 35:27
- 37:17 : 2Kg 6:13
- 37:18 : Ps 31:13; 37:12,32; Mk 14:1; Jn 11:53; Ac 23:12
- 37:21 : Gn 42:22
- 37:25 : Gn 42:21
- 37:25 : Gn 39:1
- 37:25 : Gn 43:11; Jr 8:22; 46:11
- 37:28 : Dt 25:5,7; Jdg 8:22-24; Mt 22:24; Mk 12:19; Lk 20:28
- 37:28 : Gn 45:4-5; Ps 105:17; Ac 7:9
- 37:29 : Gn 44:13; Nm 14:6; 2Sm 1:11; 3:31; Jb 1:20
- 37:33 : Gn 44:28
- 38:1 : Jos 15:35; 1Sm 22:1
- 38:3 : Gn 46:12; Nm 26:19
- 38:7 : 1Ch 2:3
- 38:8 : Dt 25:5-10
- 38:8 : Mt 22:24
- 38:11 : Ru 1:12-13
- 38:12 : Jos 15:10,57
- 38:14 : Gn 24:65
- 38:16 : Lv 18:15
- 38:24 : Lv 20:14
- 38:26 : 1Sm 24:17
- 38:29 : Gn 46:12; Nm 26:20; 1Ch 2:4; Mt 1:3
A House Divided
22 Then a demon-possessed man(A) who was blind and unable to speak was brought to him. He healed him, so that the man[a] could both speak and see.(B) 23 All the crowds were astounded and said, “Could this be the Son of David?” (C)
24 When the Pharisees heard this, they said, “This man drives out demons only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.”(D)
25 Knowing their thoughts,(E) he told them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is headed for destruction, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. 26 If Satan(F) drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons drive them out? For this reason they will be your judges.(G) 28 If I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.(H) 29 How can someone enter a strong man’s house and steal his possessions unless he first ties up(I) the strong man? Then he can plunder his house. 30 Anyone who is not with me is against me,(J) and anyone who does not gather with me scatters. 31 Therefore,(K) I tell you, people will be forgiven every sin and blasphemy,(L) but the blasphemy against[b] the Spirit will not be forgiven.[c] 32 Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man,(M) it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the one to come.(N)
A Tree and Its Fruit
33 “Either make the tree good and its fruit will be good, or make the tree bad[d] and its fruit will be bad; for a tree is known by its fruit.(O) 34 Brood of vipers! How can you speak good things when you are evil? For the mouth speaks from the overflow(P) of the heart. 35 A good person produces good things from his storeroom of good, and an evil person produces evil things from his storeroom of evil.(Q) 36 I tell you that on the day of judgment(R) people will have to account(S) for every careless[e] word they speak.[f] 37 For by your words you will be acquitted, and by your words you will be condemned.”
The Sign of Jonah
38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to him, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.”(T)
39 He answered them,(U) “An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.(V) 40 For as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish[g](W) three days and three nights,(X) so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. 41 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it,(Y) because they repented at Jonah’s preaching; and look—something greater than Jonah is here.(Z) 42 The queen of the south(AA) will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and look—something greater than Solomon is here.
An Unclean Spirit’s Return
43 “When an unclean spirit comes out of a person, it roams through waterless places looking for rest but doesn’t find any.(AB) 44 Then it says, ‘I’ll go back to my house that I came from.’ Returning, it finds the house vacant, swept, and put in order. 45 Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and settle down there. As a result, that person’s last condition is worse than the first.(AC) That’s how it will also be with this evil generation.”
- 12:22-24 : Lk 11:14-15
- 12:22 : Mt 4:24; 9:32-34
- 12:23 : 2Ch 1:1; Mt 1:1; Rm 1:3
- 12:24 : Mt 9:34; 10:25; Mk 3:22
- 12:25-29 : Mk 3:23-27; Lk 11:17-22
- 12:26 : Mt 4:1,10; 13:19; Ac 13:10
- 12:27 : 2Kg 2:7; Ac 19:13
- 12:28 : Lk 17:21; 1Jn 3:8
- 12:29 : Is 49:24; 53:12
- 12:30 : Mk 9:40; Lk 9:50; 11:23
- 12:31-32 : Mk 3:28-30; Lk 12:10
- 12:31 : Heb 6:4-6; 10:26; 1Jn 5:16
- 12:32 : Mt 11:19; Mk 2:10; Jn 7:12; 9:24
- 12:32 : Mk 10:30; Lk 12:10; 20:34-35; Eph 1:21; Ti 2:12; Heb 6:5
- 12:33 : Mt 7:18-19,23; Lk 6:43-44; Jn 15:4-7
- 12:34 : 1Sm 24:13; Mt 3:7; 23:33; Lk 6:45; Eph 4:29
- 12:35 : Mt 13:52; Col 4:6
- 12:36 : Mt 12:41; Jn 5:29; 1Jn 4:17
- 12:36 : Lk 16:2; Ac 19:40; Rm 14:12; Heb 13:17; 1Pt 4:5
- 12:38 : Mt 16:1; Mk 8:11-12; Lk 11:16; Jn 2:18; 6:30; 1Co 1:22
- 12:39 : Mk 8:11-12; Lk 11:29-32
- 12:39 : Is 57:3; Mt 16:4; Mk 8:38
- 12:40 : Jnh 1:17
- 12:40 : Jnh 1:17
- 12:41 : Jr 3:11; Ezk 16:51; Rm 2:27
- 12:41 : Jnh 1:2; 3:5
- 12:42 : 1Kg 10:1; 2Ch 9:1
- 12:43-45 : Lk 11:24-26
- 12:45 : Heb 6:4; 2Pt 2:20
Confidence in the Lord
A Miktam of David.(A)
1 Protect me, God, for I take refuge in you.(B)
2 I[a] said to the Lord, “You are my Lord;
I have nothing good besides you.”[b](C)
3 As for the holy people who are in the land,(D)
they are the noble ones.
All my delight is in them.
4 The sorrows of those who take another god
for themselves will multiply;
I will not pour out their drink offerings of blood,
and I will not speak their names with my lips.(E)
9 Therefore my heart is glad
and my whole being rejoices;
my body also rests securely.(K)
10 For you will not abandon me to Sheol;(L)
you will not allow your faithful one to see decay.(M)
11 You reveal the path of life to me;
in your presence is abundant joy;(N)
at your right hand are eternal pleasures.(O)
- 16:0 : Ps 56—60
- 16:1 : Ps 94:22
- 16:2 : Ps 73:25
- 16:3 : Dt 7:6; 14:2; 26:19
- 16:4 : Ex 23:13; Jos 23:7
- 16:5 : Nm 18:20; Ps 119:57; Lm 3:24
- 16:6 : Jr 3:19
- 16:7 : Ps 73:24
- 16:7 : Ps 77:6
- 16:8 : Ps 15:5; 112:6
- 16:9 : Ps 4:7-8; 13:5
- 16:10 : Ps 49:10; 86:13
- 16:10 : Jb 33:18,28; Ps 30:3; 103:4; Ac 13:35
- 16:11 : Ps 21:6
- 16:8-11 : Ac 2:25-28
Treat Others Fairly
27 When it is in your power,[a]
don’t withhold good(A) from the one to whom it belongs.
28 Don’t say to your neighbor, “Go away! Come back later.
I’ll give it tomorrow”—when it is there with you.(B)
29 Don’t plan any harm against your neighbor,(C)
for he trusts you and lives near you.
30 Don’t accuse anyone without cause,(D)
when he has done you no harm.
31 Don’t envy a violent man(E)
or choose any of his ways;
32 for the devious are detestable to the Lord,
but he is a friend[b] to the upright.(F)