13 He spent the night there and took part of what he had brought with him as a gift for his brother Esau:(A) 14 two hundred female goats, twenty male goats, two hundred ewes, twenty rams, 15 thirty milk camels with their young, forty cows, ten bulls, twenty female donkeys, and ten male donkeys. 16 He entrusted them to his slaves as separate herds and said to them, “Go on ahead of me, and leave some distance between the herds.”
17 And he told the first one: “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘Who do you belong to? Where are you going? And whose animals are these ahead of you?’ 18 then tell him, ‘They belong to your servant Jacob. They are a gift sent to my lord Esau. And look, he is behind us.’”
19 He also told the second one, the third, and everyone who was walking behind the animals, “Say the same thing to Esau when you find him. 20 You are also to say, ‘Look, your servant Jacob is right behind us.’” For he thought, “I want to appease Esau with the gift that is going ahead of me. After that, I can face him, and perhaps he will forgive me.”
21 So the gift was sent on ahead of him while he remained in the camp that night. 22 During the night Jacob got up and took his two wives, his two slave women, and his eleven sons, and crossed the ford of Jabbok.(B) 23 He took them and sent them across the stream, along with all his possessions.
Jacob Wrestles with God
24 Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak.(C) 25 When the man saw that he could not defeat him, he struck Jacob’s hip socket as they wrestled and dislocated his hip. 26 Then he said to Jacob, “Let me go, for it is daybreak.”
But Jacob said, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.”
27 “What is your name?” the man asked.
“Jacob,” he replied.
29 Then Jacob asked him, “Please tell me your name.”
But he answered, “Why do you ask my name?” (F) And he blessed him there.
30 Jacob then named the place Peniel,[b] “For I have seen God face to face,” he said, “yet my life has been spared.”(G) 31 The sun shone on him as he passed by Penuel[c](H)—limping because of his hip. 32 That is why, still today, the Israelites don’t eat the thigh muscle that is at the hip socket: because he struck Jacob’s hip socket at the thigh muscle.[d]
Jacob Meets Esau
33 Now Jacob looked up and saw Esau coming toward him with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two slave women. 2 He put the slaves and their children first, Leah and her children next, and Rachel and Joseph last. 3 He himself went on ahead and bowed to the ground(I) seven times until he approached his brother.
4 But Esau ran to meet him, hugged him, threw his arms around him, and kissed him. Then they wept.(J) 5 When Esau looked up and saw the women and children, he asked, “Who are these with you?”
He answered, “The children God has graciously given your servant.”(K) 6 Then the slaves and their children approached him and bowed down. 7 Leah and her children also approached and bowed down, and then Joseph and Rachel approached and bowed down.
“To find favor with you, my lord,”(M) he answered.
9 “I have enough, my brother,” Esau replied. “Keep what you have.”
10 But Jacob said, “No, please! If I have found favor with you, take this gift from me. For indeed, I have seen your face, and it is like seeing God’s face, since you have accepted me. 11 Please take my present that was brought to you, because God has been gracious to me and I have everything I need.” So Jacob urged him until he accepted.
12 Then Esau said, “Let’s move on, and I’ll go ahead of you.”
13 Jacob replied, “My lord knows that the children are weak, and I have nursing flocks and herds. If they are driven hard for one day, the whole herd will die. 14 Let my lord go ahead of his servant. I will continue on slowly, at a pace suited to the livestock and the children, until I come to my lord at Seir.”
15 Esau said, “Let me leave some of my people with you.”
18 After Jacob came from Paddan-aram, he arrived safely(P) at Shechem(Q) in the land of Canaan and camped in front of the city. 19 He purchased a section of the field where he had pitched his tent from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of silver.[h](R) 20 And he set up an altar there and called it God, the God of Israel.[i]
34 Leah’s daughter(S) Dinah, whom Leah bore to Jacob, went out to see some of the young women of the area. 2 When Shechem—son of Hamor the Hivite, who was the region’s chieftain—saw her, he took her and raped her. 3 He became infatuated with Jacob’s daughter Dinah. He loved the young girl and spoke tenderly to her.[j] 4 “Get me this girl as a wife,”(T) he told his father.
5 Jacob heard that Shechem had defiled his daughter Dinah, but since his sons were with his livestock in the field, he remained silent until they returned. 6 Meanwhile, Shechem’s father Hamor came to speak with Jacob. 7 Jacob’s sons returned from the field when they heard about the incident and were deeply grieved and very angry. For Shechem had committed an outrage against Israel by raping Jacob’s daughter,(U) and such a thing should not be done.
8 Hamor said to Jacob’s sons, “My son Shechem has his heart set on your[k] daughter. Please give her to him as a wife. 9 Intermarry with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves. 10 Live with us. The land is before you. Settle here, move about, and acquire property in it.”
11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s father and brothers, “Grant me this favor,[l] and I’ll give you whatever you say. 12 Demand of me a high compensation[m] and gift; I’ll give you whatever you ask me. Just give the girl to be my wife!”
13 But Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully because he had defiled their sister Dinah. 14 “We cannot do this thing,” they said to them. “Giving our sister to an uncircumcised man is a disgrace to us. 15 We will agree with you only on this condition: if all your males are circumcised as we are.(V) 16 Then we will give you our daughters, take your daughters for ourselves, live with you, and become one people. 17 But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go.”
18 Their words seemed good to Hamor and his son Shechem. 19 The young man did not delay doing this, because he was delighted with Jacob’s daughter. Now he was the most important in all his father’s family. 20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate of their city(W) and spoke to the men of their city.
21 “These men are peaceful toward us,” they said. “Let them live in our land and move about in it, for indeed, the region is large enough for them. Let us take their daughters as our wives and give our daughters to them. 22 But the men will agree to live with us and be one people only on this condition: if all our men are circumcised as they are. 23 Won’t their livestock, their possessions, and all their animals become ours? Only let us agree with them, and they will live with us.”
24 All the men(X) who had come to the city gates listened to Hamor and his son Shechem, and all those men were circumcised. 25 On the third day, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi,(Y) Dinah’s brothers, took their swords, went into the unsuspecting city, and killed every male. 26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with their swords, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and went away. 27 Jacob’s sons came to the slaughter and plundered the city because their sister had been defiled. 28 They took their flocks, herds, donkeys, and whatever was in the city and in the field. 29 They captured all their possessions, dependents, and wives and plundered everything in the houses.
30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me,(Z) making me odious to the inhabitants of the land,(AA) the Canaanites and the Perizzites.(AB) We are few in number; if they unite against me and attack me, I and my household will be destroyed.”(AC)
31 But they answered, “Should he treat our sister like a prostitute?”
- 32:28 In Hb, the name Israel sounds like “he struggled (with) God.”
- 32:30 = Face of God
- 32:31 Variant of Peniel
- 32:32 Or tendon
- 33:8 Lit camp
- 33:15 Lit May I find favor in your eyes
- 33:17 = Stalls or Huts
- 33:19 Lit 100 qesitahs; the value of this currency is unknown
- 33:20 = El-Elohe-Israel
- 34:3 Lit spoke to her heart
- 34:8 The Hb word for your is pl, showing that Hamor is speaking to Jacob and his sons.
- 34:11 Lit “May I find favor in your eyes
- 34:12 Or bride-price, or betrothal present
- 32:13 : Gn 43:11
- 32:22 : Dt 2:37; 3:16; Jos 12:2
- 32:24 : Hs 12:3-4
- 32:28 : Gn 35:10; 2Kg 17:34
- 32:28 : Hs 12:3-4
- 32:29 : Jdg 13:18
- 32:30 : Gn 16:13; Ex 24:10-11; 33:20; Nm 12:8; Jdg 6:22; 13:22
- 32:31 : Jdg 8:8
- 33:3 : Gn 18:2; 42:6; 43:26
- 33:4 : Gn 45:14
- 33:5 : Gn 48:9; Ps 127:3; Is 8:18
- 33:8 : Gn 32:13-16
- 33:8 : Gn 32:5
- 33:15 : Gn 34:11; 47:25; Ru 2:13
- 33:17 : Jos 13:27; Jdg 8:5; Ps 60:6
- 33:18 : Gn 28:21
- 33:18 : Jos 24:1; Jdg 9:1; Ps 60:6; Ac 7:16
- 33:19 : Jos 24:32; Jn 4:5
- 34:1 : Gn 30:21
- 34:4 : Jdg 14:2
- 34:7 : Dt 22:20-30; Jdg 20:6; 2Sm 13:12
- 34:15 : Gn 17:23-27
- 34:20 : Ru 4:1; 2Sm 15:2
- 34:24 : Gn 23:10
- 34:25 : Gn 49:5-7
- 34:30 : Jos 7:25
- 34:30 : Ex 5:21; 1Sm 13:4; 2Sm 10:6
- 34:30 : Gn 13:7; 34:2
- 34:30 : Gn 46:26-27; Dt 4:27; 1Ch 16:19; Ps 105:12
7 As these men were leaving, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed swaying in the wind?(A) 8 What then did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothes? See, those who wear soft clothes are in royal palaces. 9 What then did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet.(B) 10 This is the one about whom it is written:
11 “Truly I tell you, among those born of women no one greater than John the Baptist has appeared,[b] but the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. 12 From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven has been suffering violence,[c] and the violent have been seizing it by force. 13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. 14 And if you’re willing to accept it, he is the Elijah who is to come.(D) 15 Let anyone who has ears[d] listen.(E)
An Unresponsive Generation
16 “To what should I compare this generation? It’s like children sitting in the marketplaces who call out to other children:
17 We played the flute for you,
but you didn’t dance;
we sang a lament,
but you didn’t mourn![e]
18 For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon!’(F) 19 The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look, a glutton and a drunkard,(G) a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’(H) Yet wisdom is vindicated[f] by her deeds.”[g]
20 Then he proceeded to denounce the towns where most of his miracles were done, because they did not repent: 21 “Woe to you, Chorazin!(I) Woe to you, Bethsaida!(J) For if the miracles that were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon,(K) they would have repented in sackcloth and ashes long ago. 22 But I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of judgment(L) than for you. 23 And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? No, you will go down to Hades.(M) For if the miracles that were done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until today. 24 But I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom on the day of judgment than for you.”
The Son Gives Knowledge and Rest
25 At that time Jesus said,(N) “I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and intelligent and revealed them to infants.(O) 26 Yes, Father, because this was your good pleasure.[h] 27 All things have been entrusted to me by my Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son desires[i] to reveal him.(P)
28 “Come to me, all of you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest.(Q) 29 Take up my yoke and learn from me,(R) because I am lowly and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.(S) 30 For my yoke is easy and my burden is light.”
- 11:7 : Mt 3:1; Eph 4:14
- 11:9 : Mt 14:5; 21:26; Lk 1:76
- 11:10 : Mal 3:1; Mk 1:2
- 11:14 : Mal 4:5; Mt 17:10-13; Mk 9:11-13; Lk 1:17; Jn 1:21
- 11:15 : Mt 13:9; Mk 4:23; Lk 8:8; 14:35; Rv 2:7
- 11:18 : Mt 3:4; Lk 1:15
- 11:19 : Mt 9:10; Lk 7:36; 14:1; Jn 2:1; 12:2
- 11:19 : Mt 9:11; 18:17; Lk 15:2; 19:7
- 11:21-24 : Lk 10:12-15
- 11:21 : Mk 6:45; Lk 9:10; Jn 12:21
- 11:21 : Mt 15:21; Lk 6:17; Ac 12:20
- 11:22 : Ezk 28:2-4; Am 1:9-10; Mt 10:15; 15:21; Mk 3:8
- 11:23 : Is 14:13,15; Mt 4:13
- 11:25-27 : Lk 10:21-22
- 11:25 : Ps 8:2; Lk 22:42; Jn 11:41; 1Co 1:26; 2Co 3:14
- 11:27 : Mt 28:18; Jn 1:18; 7:29; 8:19; 10:15; 17:25-26
- 11:28 : Jr 31:25; Jn 7:37
- 11:29 : Jn 13:15; Eph 4:20; Php 2:5; 1Pt 2:21; 1Jn 2:6
- 11:29 : Jr 6:16; Zch 9:9; 2Co 10:1; Php 2:7-8
A Portrait of Sinners
For the choir director. Of David.
1 The fool says in his heart, “There’s no God.”(A)
They are corrupt; they do vile deeds.
There is no one who does good.
2 The Lord looks down from heaven on the human race[a](B)
to see if there is one who is wise,
one who seeks God.
3 All have turned away;
all alike have become corrupt.
There is no one who does good,
not even one.(C)