1 Chronicles 24:1-26:11
The Divisions of the Priests
24 The divisions of the descendants of Aaron were as follows: Aaron’s sons were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.(A) 2 But Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and they had no sons, so Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests.(B) 3 Together with Zadok(C) from the descendants of Eleazar and Ahimelech from the descendants of Ithamar, David divided them according to the assigned duties of their service. 4 Since more leaders were found among Eleazar’s descendants than Ithamar’s, they were divided accordingly: sixteen heads of ancestral families[a] were from Eleazar’s descendants, and eight heads of ancestral families were from Ithamar’s. 5 They(D) were assigned by lot, for there were officers of the sanctuary and officers of God among both Eleazar’s and Ithamar’s descendants.
6 The secretary, Shemaiah son of Nethanel, a Levite, recorded them in the presence of the king and the officers, the priest Zadok, Ahimelech(E) son of Abiathar, and the heads of families of the priests and the Levites. One ancestral family[b] was taken for Eleazar, and then one for Ithamar.
7 The first lot fell to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah,
8 the third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim,
9 the fifth to Malchijah, the sixth to Mijamin,
10 the seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah,(F)
11 the ninth to Jeshua, the tenth to Shecaniah,
12 the eleventh to Eliashib, the twelfth to Jakim,
13 the thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to Jeshebeab,
14 the fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer,
15 the seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Happizzez,
16 the nineteenth to Pethahiah, the twentieth to Jehezkel,
17 the twenty-first to Jachin, the twenty-second to Gamul,
18 the twenty-third to Delaiah, and the twenty-fourth to Maaziah.
19 These had their assigned duties for service when they entered the Lord’s temple, according to their regulations, which they received from their ancestor Aaron, as the Lord God of Israel had commanded him.
The Rest of the Levites
20 As for the rest of Levi’s sons:
from Amram’s sons: Shubael;
from Shubael’s sons: Jehdeiah.
21 From Rehabiah:
from Rehabiah’s sons: Isshiah was the first.
22 From the Izharites: Shelomoth;
from Shelomoth’s sons: Jahath.
Jeriah the first, Amariah the second,
Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.
24 From Uzziel’s sons: Micah;
from Micah’s sons: Shamir.
25 Micah’s brother: Isshiah;
from Isshiah’s sons: Zechariah.
26 Merari’s sons: Mahli and Mushi,
and from his sons, Jaaziah his son.[d]
27 Merari’s sons, by his son Jaaziah:[e]
Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri.
28 From Mahli: Eleazar, who had no sons.
29 From Kish, from Kish’s sons: Jerahmeel.
30 Mushi’s sons: Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.
Those were the descendants of the Levites according to their ancestral families.[f] 31 They also cast lots the same way as their relatives the descendants of Aaron did in the presence of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the families of the priests and Levites—the family heads and their younger brothers alike.(H)
The Levitical Musicians
25 David and the officers of the army also set apart some of the sons of Asaph, Heman,(I) and Jeduthun, who were to prophesy(J) accompanied by lyres, harps, and cymbals.(K) This is the list of the men who performed their service:
2 From Asaph’s sons:
Zaccur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asarelah, sons of Asaph, under Asaph’s authority, who prophesied under the authority of the king.
3 From Jeduthun:(L) Jeduthun’s sons:
Gedaliah, Zeri, Jeshaiah, Shimei,[g] Hashabiah, and Mattithiah—six—under the authority of their father Jeduthun, prophesying to the accompaniment of lyres, giving thanks and praise to the Lord.
4 From Heman: Heman’s sons:
Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth. 5 All these sons of Heman, the king’s seer,(M) were given by the promises of God to exalt him,[h] for God had given Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.
6 All these men were under their own fathers’ authority for the music in the Lord’s temple, with cymbals, harps, and lyres for the service of God’s temple. Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman were under the king’s authority. 7 They numbered 288 together with their relatives who were all trained and skillful in music for the Lord. 8 They cast lots for their duties, young and old alike, teacher as well as pupil.(N)
|9 The first lot for Asaph fell to Joseph, his sons, and his relatives—||12[i]|
|to Gedaliah the second: him, his relatives, and his sons—||12|
|10 the third to Zaccur, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|11 the fourth to Izri,[j] his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|12 the fifth to Nethaniah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|13 the sixth to Bukkiah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|14 the seventh to Jesarelah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|15 the eighth to Jeshaiah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|16 the ninth to Mattaniah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|17 the tenth to Shimei, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|18 the eleventh to Azarel,[k] his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|19 the twelfth to Hashabiah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|20 the thirteenth to Shubael, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|21 the fourteenth to Mattithiah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|22 the fifteenth to Jeremoth, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|23 the sixteenth to Hananiah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|24 the seventeenth to Joshbekashah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|25 the eighteenth to Hanani, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|26 the nineteenth to Mallothi, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|27 the twentieth to Eliathah, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|28 the twenty-first to Hothir, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|29 the twenty-second to Giddalti, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|30 the twenty-third to Mahazioth, his sons, and his relatives—||12|
|31 and the twenty-fourth to Romamti-ezer, his sons, and his relatives—||12.|
The Levitical Gatekeepers
26 The following were the divisions of the gatekeepers:
From the Korahites: Meshelemiah son of Kore, one of the sons of Asaph.
2 Meshelemiah had sons:
Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the second,
Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth,
3 Elam the fifth, Jehohanan the sixth,
and Eliehoenai the seventh.
4 Obed-edom also had sons:
Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second,
Joah the third, Sachar the fourth,
Nethanel the fifth, 5 Ammiel the sixth,
Issachar the seventh, and Peullethai the eighth,
for God blessed him.
6 Also, to his son Shemaiah were born sons who ruled their ancestral families[l] because they were strong, capable men.
7 Shemaiah’s sons: Othni, Rephael, Obed, and Elzabad; his relatives Elihu and Semachiah were also capable men. 8 All of these were among the sons of Obed-edom with their sons and relatives; they were capable men with strength for the work—sixty-two from Obed-edom.
9 Meshelemiah also had sons and relatives who were capable men—eighteen.
10 Hosah,(O) from the Merarites, also had sons: Shimri the first (although he was not the firstborn, his father had appointed him as the first), 11 Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third, and Zechariah the fourth. The sons and relatives of Hosah were thirteen in all.
- 24:4 Lit house of fathers
- 24:6 Lit father’s house
- 24:23 Some Hb mss, some LXX mss; other Hb mss omit Hebron’s; 1Ch 23:19
- 24:26 Or Mushi; Jaaziah’s sons: Beno.
- 24:27 Or sons, Jaaziah: Beno,
- 24:30 Lit the house of their fathers
- 25:3 One Hb ms, LXX; other Hb mss omit Shimei
- 25:5 Lit by the words of God to lift a horn
- 25:9 LXX; MT lacks his sons, and his relatives—12
- 25:11 Variant of Zeri
- 25:18 Variant of Uzziel
- 26:6 Lit the house of their fathers, also in v. 13
- 24:1 : Ex 6:23
- 24:2 : Lv 10:1-2
- 24:3 : 1Ch 15:11; 24:6,31
- 24:5-6 : 1Ch 24:31
- 24:6 : 2Sm 8:17; 1Ch 18:16; 24:31
- 24:10 : Neh 12:4; Lk 1:5
- 24:23 : 1Ch 23:19
- 24:31 : 1Ch 24:5-6
- 25:1 : 1Ch 6:33,39
- 25:1 : 2Kg 3:15
- 25:1 : 1Ch 15:16; 25:6
- 25:3 : 1Ch 16:41-42
- 25:5 : 1Sm 9:9; 2Sm 24:11; 1Ch 21:9
- 25:8 : 1Ch 26:13
- 26:10 : 1Ch 16:38
Abraham Justified by Faith
4 What then will we say that Abraham, our forefather(A) according to the flesh, has found?[a] 2 If Abraham was justified[b] by works,(B) he has something to boast about—but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him for righteousness.[c](C) 4 Now to the one who works,(D) pay is not credited as a gift, but as something owed. 5 But to the one who does not work, but believes on him who declares the ungodly to be righteous,(E) his faith is credited for righteousness.
David Celebrating the Same Truth
6 Just as David also speaks of the blessing of the person to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
Abraham Justified before Circumcision
9 Is this blessing only for the circumcised,(G) then? Or is it also for the uncircumcised? For we say, Faith was credited to Abraham for righteousness.[e](H) 10 In what way then was it credited—while he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? It was not while he was circumcised, but uncircumcised. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision(I) as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith[f](J) while still uncircumcised. This was to make him the father(K) of all who believe(L) but are not circumcised, so that righteousness may be credited to them also. 12 And he became the father of the circumcised, who are not only circumcised but who also follow in the footsteps of the faith our father Abraham had while he was still uncircumcised.
- 4:1 Or What then shall we say? Have we found Abraham to be our forefather according to the flesh?or What, then, shall we say that Abraham our forefather found according to the flesh?
- 4:2 Or was declared righteous, or was acquitted
- 4:3 Gn 15:6
- 4:7-8 Ps 32:1-2
- 4:9 Gn 15:6
- 4:11 Lit righteousness of faith, also in v. 13
A Plea for Deliverance
For the choir director. A psalm of David.
1 How long, Lord? Will you forget me forever?
How long will you hide your face from me?(A)
2 How long will I store up anxious concerns[a] within me,
agony in my mind every day?
How long will my enemy dominate me?(B)
3 Consider me and answer, Lord my God.
Restore brightness to my eyes;(C)
otherwise, I will sleep in death.
4 My enemy will say, “I have triumphed over him,”
and my foes will rejoice because I am shaken.(D)
- 13:2 Or up counsels
15 Laziness induces deep sleep,
and a lazy person will go hungry.(A)
- 19:16 Or despises, or treats lightly