1 Samuel 5-7
The Ark in Ashdod and Ekron
5 After the Philistines had captured the ark of God, they took it from Ebenezer(A) to Ashdod.(B) 2 Then they carried the ark into Dagon’s temple and set it beside Dagon.(C) 3 When the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, there was Dagon, fallen(D) on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord! They took Dagon and put him back in his place. 4 But the following morning when they rose, there was Dagon, fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord! His head and hands had been broken(E) off and were lying on the threshold; only his body remained. 5 That is why to this day neither the priests of Dagon nor any others who enter Dagon’s temple at Ashdod step on the threshold.(F)
6 The Lord’s hand(G) was heavy on the people of Ashdod and its vicinity; he brought devastation(H) on them and afflicted them with tumors.[a](I) 7 When the people of Ashdod saw what was happening, they said, “The ark of the god of Israel must not stay here with us, because his hand is heavy on us and on Dagon our god.” 8 So they called together all the rulers(J) of the Philistines and asked them, “What shall we do with the ark of the god of Israel?”
They answered, “Have the ark of the god of Israel moved to Gath.(K)” So they moved the ark of the God of Israel.
9 But after they had moved it, the Lord’s hand was against that city, throwing it into a great panic.(L) He afflicted the people of the city, both young and old, with an outbreak of tumors.[b] 10 So they sent the ark of God to Ekron.(M)
As the ark of God was entering Ekron, the people of Ekron cried out, “They have brought the ark of the god of Israel around to us to kill us and our people.” 11 So they called together all the rulers(N) of the Philistines and said, “Send the ark of the god of Israel away; let it go back to its own place, or it[c] will kill us and our people.” For death had filled the city with panic; God’s hand was very heavy on it. 12 Those who did not die(O) were afflicted with tumors, and the outcry of the city went up to heaven.
The Ark Returned to Israel
6 When the ark of the Lord had been in Philistine territory seven months, 2 the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners(P) and said, “What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? Tell us how we should send it back to its place.”
3 They answered, “If you return the ark of the god of Israel, do not send it back to him without a gift;(Q) by all means send a guilt offering(R) to him. Then you will be healed, and you will know why his hand(S) has not been lifted from you.”
4 The Philistines asked, “What guilt offering should we send to him?”
They replied, “Five gold tumors and five gold rats, according to the number(T) of the Philistine rulers, because the same plague(U) has struck both you and your rulers. 5 Make models of the tumors(V) and of the rats that are destroying the country, and give glory(W) to Israel’s god. Perhaps he will lift his hand from you and your gods and your land. 6 Why do you harden(X) your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh did? When Israel’s god dealt harshly with them,(Y) did they(Z) not send the Israelites out so they could go on their way?
7 “Now then, get a new cart(AA) ready, with two cows that have calved and have never been yoked.(AB) Hitch the cows to the cart, but take their calves away and pen them up. 8 Take the ark of the Lord and put it on the cart, and in a chest beside it put the gold objects you are sending back to him as a guilt offering. Send it on its way, 9 but keep watching it. If it goes up to its own territory, toward Beth Shemesh,(AC) then the Lord has brought this great disaster on us. But if it does not, then we will know that it was not his hand that struck us but that it happened to us by chance.”
10 So they did this. They took two such cows and hitched them to the cart and penned up their calves. 11 They placed the ark of the Lord on the cart and along with it the chest containing the gold rats and the models of the tumors. 12 Then the cows went straight up toward Beth Shemesh, keeping on the road and lowing all the way; they did not turn to the right or to the left. The rulers of the Philistines followed them as far as the border of Beth Shemesh.
13 Now the people of Beth Shemesh were harvesting their wheat(AD) in the valley, and when they looked up and saw the ark, they rejoiced at the sight. 14 The cart came to the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh, and there it stopped beside a large rock. The people chopped up the wood of the cart and sacrificed the cows as a burnt offering(AE) to the Lord. 15 The Levites(AF) took down the ark of the Lord, together with the chest containing the gold objects, and placed them on the large rock.(AG) On that day the people of Beth Shemesh(AH) offered burnt offerings and made sacrifices to the Lord. 16 The five rulers of the Philistines saw all this and then returned that same day to Ekron.
17 These are the gold tumors the Philistines sent as a guilt offering to the Lord—one each(AI) for Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath and Ekron. 18 And the number of the gold rats was according to the number of Philistine towns belonging to the five rulers—the fortified towns with their country villages. The large rock on which the Levites set the ark of the Lord is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh.
19 But God struck down(AJ) some of the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh, putting seventy[d] of them to death because they looked(AK) into the ark of the Lord. The people mourned because of the heavy blow the Lord had dealt them. 20 And the people of Beth Shemesh asked, “Who can stand(AL) in the presence of the Lord, this holy(AM) God? To whom will the ark go up from here?”
21 Then they sent messengers to the people of Kiriath Jearim,(AN) saying, “The Philistines have returned the ark of the Lord. Come down and take it up to your town.” 7 1 So the men of Kiriath Jearim came and took up the ark(AO) of the Lord. They brought it to Abinadab’s(AP) house on the hill and consecrated Eleazar his son to guard the ark of the Lord. 2 The ark remained at Kiriath Jearim(AQ) a long time—twenty years in all.
Samuel Subdues the Philistines at Mizpah
Then all the people of Israel turned back to the Lord.(AR) 3 So Samuel said to all the Israelites, “If you are returning(AS) to the Lord with all your hearts, then rid(AT) yourselves of the foreign gods and the Ashtoreths(AU) and commit(AV) yourselves to the Lord and serve him only,(AW) and he will deliver(AX) you out of the hand of the Philistines.” 4 So the Israelites put away their Baals and Ashtoreths, and served the Lord only.
5 Then Samuel(AY) said, “Assemble all Israel at Mizpah,(AZ) and I will intercede(BA) with the Lord for you.” 6 When they had assembled at Mizpah,(BB) they drew water and poured(BC) it out before the Lord. On that day they fasted and there they confessed, “We have sinned against the Lord.” Now Samuel was serving as leader[e](BD) of Israel at Mizpah.
7 When the Philistines heard that Israel had assembled at Mizpah, the rulers of the Philistines came up to attack them. When the Israelites heard of it, they were afraid(BE) because of the Philistines. 8 They said to Samuel, “Do not stop crying(BF) out to the Lord our God for us, that he may rescue us from the hand of the Philistines.” 9 Then Samuel(BG) took a suckling lamb and sacrificed it as a whole burnt offering to the Lord. He cried out to the Lord on Israel’s behalf, and the Lord answered him.(BH)
10 While Samuel was sacrificing the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to engage Israel in battle. But that day the Lord thundered(BI) with loud thunder against the Philistines and threw them into such a panic(BJ) that they were routed before the Israelites. 11 The men of Israel rushed out of Mizpah and pursued the Philistines, slaughtering them along the way to a point below Beth Kar.
13 So the Philistines were subdued(BM) and they stopped invading Israel’s territory. Throughout Samuel’s lifetime, the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines. 14 The towns from Ekron(BN) to Gath that the Philistines had captured from Israel were restored to Israel, and Israel delivered the neighboring territory from the hands of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites.(BO)
15 Samuel(BP) continued as Israel’s leader(BQ) all(BR) the days of his life. 16 From year to year he went on a circuit from Bethel(BS) to Gilgal(BT) to Mizpah, judging(BU) Israel in all those places. 17 But he always went back to Ramah,(BV) where his home was, and there he also held court(BW) for Israel. And he built an altar(BX) there to the Lord.
- 1 Samuel 5:6 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate tumors. And rats appeared in their land, and there was death and destruction throughout the city
- 1 Samuel 5:9 Or with tumors in the groin (see Septuagint)
- 1 Samuel 5:11 Or he
- 1 Samuel 6:19 A few Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint 50,070
- 1 Samuel 7:6 Traditionally judge; also in verse 15
- 1 Samuel 7:12 Ebenezer means stone of help.
- 1 Samuel 5:1 : S 1Sa 4:1
- 1 Samuel 5:1 : S Jos 11:22; S 13:3
- 1 Samuel 5:2 : S Jdg 16:23; Isa 2:18; 19:1; 46:1
- 1 Samuel 5:3 : Isa 40:20; 41:7; 46:7; Jer 10:4
- 1 Samuel 5:4 : Eze 6:6; Mic 1:7
- 1 Samuel 5:5 : Zep 1:9
- 1 Samuel 5:6 : S Ex 9:3; Ac 13:11
- 1 Samuel 5:6 : 2Sa 6:7; Ps 78:66
- 1 Samuel 5:6 : S Ex 15:26; 1Sa 6:5
- 1 Samuel 5:8 : S Jdg 16:18
- 1 Samuel 5:8 : S Jos 11:22
- 1 Samuel 5:9 : S Ex 14:24
- 1 Samuel 5:10 : S Jos 13:3
- 1 Samuel 5:11 : ver 8
- 1 Samuel 5:12 : S 1Sa 4:8
- 1 Samuel 6:2 : S Ex 7:11; S Isa 44:25
- 1 Samuel 6:3 : S Ex 22:29; S 34:20
- 1 Samuel 6:3 : S Lev 5:15
- 1 Samuel 6:3 : ver 9
- 1 Samuel 6:4 : S Jos 13:3
- 1 Samuel 6:4 : 2Sa 24:25
- 1 Samuel 6:5 : S 1Sa 5:6-11
- 1 Samuel 6:5 : S Jos 7:19; Rev 14:7
- 1 Samuel 6:6 : S Ex 4:21
- 1 Samuel 6:6 : Ex 10:2
- 1 Samuel 6:6 : S Ex 12:33
- 1 Samuel 6:7 : 2Sa 6:3; 1Ch 13:7
- 1 Samuel 6:7 : S Nu 19:2
- 1 Samuel 6:9 : S Jos 15:10; 21:16
- 1 Samuel 6:13 : S Ge 30:14; Ru 2:23; 1Sa 12:17
- 1 Samuel 6:14 : 1Sa 11:7; 2Sa 24:22; 1Ki 19:21
- 1 Samuel 6:15 : Jos 3:3
- 1 Samuel 6:15 : ver 18
- 1 Samuel 6:15 : Jos 21:16
- 1 Samuel 6:17 : S Jos 13:3
- 1 Samuel 6:19 : 2Sa 6:7
- 1 Samuel 6:19 : S Ex 19:21
- 1 Samuel 6:20 : 2Sa 6:9; Ps 130:3; Mal 3:2; Rev 6:17
- 1 Samuel 6:20 : S Lev 11:45
- 1 Samuel 6:21 : S Jos 9:17
- 1 Samuel 7:1 : S Jos 6:7
- 1 Samuel 7:1 : 2Sa 6:3; 1Ch 13:7
- 1 Samuel 7:2 : 1Ch 13:5; Ps 132:6
- 1 Samuel 7:2 : 1Ch 13:3
- 1 Samuel 7:3 : Dt 30:10; 2Ki 18:5; 23:25; Jer 24:7
- 1 Samuel 7:3 : S Ge 31:19; S Jos 24:14
- 1 Samuel 7:3 : S Jdg 2:12-13; 1Sa 12:10; 31:10
- 1 Samuel 7:3 : Joel 2:12
- 1 Samuel 7:3 : S Dt 6:13; Mt 4:10; Lk 4:8
- 1 Samuel 7:3 : S Jdg 2:18
- 1 Samuel 7:5 : S 1Sa 1:20; Ps 99:6; Jer 15:1
- 1 Samuel 7:5 : S Jos 11:3; Jdg 21:5; 1Sa 10:17
- 1 Samuel 7:5 : S ver 8; S Ge 20:7; S Dt 9:19
- 1 Samuel 7:6 : S Jos 11:3
- 1 Samuel 7:6 : La 2:19
- 1 Samuel 7:6 : S Jdg 2:16; S 16:31
- 1 Samuel 7:7 : 1Sa 17:11
- 1 Samuel 7:8 : ver 5; S Ex 32:30; S Nu 21:7; 1Sa 12:19, 23; 1Ki 18:24; Isa 37:4; Jer 15:1; 27:18
- 1 Samuel 7:9 : Ps 99:6
- 1 Samuel 7:9 : S Ex 32:11; S Dt 9:19
- 1 Samuel 7:10 : S Ex 9:23; S 1Sa 2:10
- 1 Samuel 7:10 : S Ge 35:5; S Ex 14:24
- 1 Samuel 7:12 : S Ge 28:22; S Dt 27:2; Jos 4:9
- 1 Samuel 7:12 : S 1Sa 4:1
- 1 Samuel 7:13 : Jdg 13:1, 5
- 1 Samuel 7:14 : S Jos 13:3
- 1 Samuel 7:14 : S Jdg 1:34
- 1 Samuel 7:15 : ver 6; 1Sa 12:11
- 1 Samuel 7:15 : S Jdg 2:16
- 1 Samuel 7:15 : Jdg 2:18
- 1 Samuel 7:16 : S Ge 12:8
- 1 Samuel 7:16 : S Jos 10:43; S 1Sa 10:8; Am 5:5
- 1 Samuel 7:16 : ver 6; Ac 13:20
- 1 Samuel 7:17 : S Jos 18:25; 1Sa 8:4; 15:34; 19:18; 25:1; 28:3
- 1 Samuel 7:17 : ver 6
- 1 Samuel 7:17 : 1Sa 9:12; 14:35; 20:6; 2Sa 24:25
Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand(A)
6 Some time after this, Jesus crossed to the far shore of the Sea of Galilee (that is, the Sea of Tiberias), 2 and a great crowd of people followed him because they saw the signs(B) he had performed by healing the sick. 3 Then Jesus went up on a mountainside(C) and sat down with his disciples. 4 The Jewish Passover Festival(D) was near.
5 When Jesus looked up and saw a great crowd coming toward him, he said to Philip,(E) “Where shall we buy bread for these people to eat?” 6 He asked this only to test him, for he already had in mind what he was going to do.
7 Philip answered him, “It would take more than half a year’s wages[a] to buy enough bread for each one to have a bite!”
10 Jesus said, “Have the people sit down.” There was plenty of grass in that place, and they sat down (about five thousand men were there). 11 Jesus then took the loaves, gave thanks,(H) and distributed to those who were seated as much as they wanted. He did the same with the fish.
12 When they had all had enough to eat, he said to his disciples, “Gather the pieces that are left over. Let nothing be wasted.” 13 So they gathered them and filled twelve baskets with the pieces of the five barley loaves left over by those who had eaten.
14 After the people saw the sign(I) Jesus performed, they began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.”(J) 15 Jesus, knowing that they intended to come and make him king(K) by force, withdrew again to a mountain by himself.(L)
Jesus Walks on the Water(M)
16 When evening came, his disciples went down to the lake, 17 where they got into a boat and set off across the lake for Capernaum. By now it was dark, and Jesus had not yet joined them. 18 A strong wind was blowing and the waters grew rough. 19 When they had rowed about three or four miles,[b] they saw Jesus approaching the boat, walking on the water;(N) and they were frightened. 20 But he said to them, “It is I; don’t be afraid.”(O) 21 Then they were willing to take him into the boat, and immediately the boat reached the shore where they were heading.
- John 6:1 : 6:1-13pp — Mt 14:13-21; Mk 6:32-44; Lk 9:10-17
- John 6:2 : S Jn 2:11
- John 6:3 : ver 15
- John 6:4 : S Jn 11:55
- John 6:5 : S Jn 1:43
- John 6:8 : Jn 1:40
- John 6:9 : 2Ki 4:43
- John 6:11 : ver 23; S Mt 14:19
- John 6:14 : S Jn 2:11
- John 6:14 : Dt 18:15, 18; Mt 11:3; S 21:11
- John 6:15 : Jn 18:36
- John 6:15 : Mt 14:23; Mk 6:46
- John 6:16 : 6:16-21pp — Mt 14:22-33; Mk 6:47-51
- John 6:19 : Job 9:8
- John 6:20 : S Mt 14:27
13 But they soon forgot(A) what he had done
and did not wait for his plan to unfold.(B)
14 In the desert(C) they gave in to their craving;
in the wilderness(D) they put God to the test.(E)
15 So he gave them(F) what they asked for,
but sent a wasting disease(G) among them.
16 In the camp they grew envious(H) of Moses
and of Aaron, who was consecrated to the Lord.
17 The earth opened(I) up and swallowed Dathan;(J)
it buried the company of Abiram.(K)
18 Fire blazed(L) among their followers;
a flame consumed the wicked.
19 At Horeb they made a calf(M)
and worshiped an idol cast from metal.
20 They exchanged their glorious God(N)
for an image of a bull, which eats grass.
21 They forgot the God(O) who saved them,
who had done great things(P) in Egypt,
22 miracles in the land of Ham(Q)
and awesome deeds(R) by the Red Sea.
23 So he said he would destroy(S) them—
had not Moses, his chosen one,
stood in the breach(T) before him
to keep his wrath from destroying them.
24 Then they despised(U) the pleasant land;(V)
they did not believe(W) his promise.
25 They grumbled(X) in their tents
and did not obey the Lord.
26 So he swore(Y) to them with uplifted hand
that he would make them fall in the wilderness,(Z)
27 make their descendants fall among the nations
and scatter(AA) them throughout the lands.
28 They yoked themselves to the Baal of Peor(AB)
and ate sacrifices offered to lifeless gods;
29 they aroused the Lord’s anger(AC) by their wicked deeds,(AD)
and a plague(AE) broke out among them.
30 But Phinehas(AF) stood up and intervened,
and the plague was checked.(AG)
31 This was credited to him(AH) as righteousness
for endless generations(AI) to come.
- Psalm 106:13 : S Ex 15:24
- Psalm 106:13 : S Ex 16:28; S Nu 27:21
- Psalm 106:14 : S Ps 78:40
- Psalm 106:14 : S Ps 68:7
- Psalm 106:14 : S Ex 17:2; 1Co 10:9
- Psalm 106:15 : S Ex 16:13; Ps 78:29
- Psalm 106:15 : S Nu 11:33
- Psalm 106:16 : Nu 16:1-3
- Psalm 106:17 : Dt 11:6
- Psalm 106:17 : S Ex 15:12
- Psalm 106:17 : S Nu 16:1
- Psalm 106:18 : S Lev 10:2
- Psalm 106:19 : S Ex 32:4; Ac 7:41
- Psalm 106:20 : Jer 2:11; Ro 1:23
- Psalm 106:21 : Ps 78:11
- Psalm 106:21 : Dt 10:21; Ps 75:1
- Psalm 106:22 : S Ps 78:51
- Psalm 106:22 : S Ex 3:20; S Dt 4:34
- Psalm 106:23 : S Ex 32:10
- Psalm 106:23 : Ex 32:11-14; S Nu 11:2; S Dt 9:19
- Psalm 106:24 : Nu 14:30-31
- Psalm 106:24 : S Dt 8:7; S Jer 3:19
- Psalm 106:24 : S Nu 14:11; Heb 3:18-19
- Psalm 106:25 : S Ex 15:24; Dt 1:27; 1Co 10:10
- Psalm 106:26 : S Nu 14:23; Heb 4:3
- Psalm 106:26 : S Dt 2:14; Heb 3:17
- Psalm 106:27 : S Lev 26:33
- Psalm 106:28 : S Nu 23:28
- Psalm 106:29 : Nu 25:3
- Psalm 106:29 : S Ps 64:2; 141:4
- Psalm 106:29 : S Nu 16:46; 25:8
- Psalm 106:30 : S Ex 6:25
- Psalm 106:30 : Nu 25:8
- Psalm 106:31 : S Ge 15:6; S Nu 25:11-13
- Psalm 106:31 : Ps 49:11
- Proverbs 14:33 Hebrew; Septuagint and Syriac discerning / but in the heart of fools she is not known